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The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, March 01, 1905, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1905-03-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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Chief Joseph Was a Great
In the death of Chief Joseph of the Nez Forces, the greatest
Indian character in the United States takes his place in
history. He was the greatest red man the Pacific Coast
ever produced, and he has been classed by many as the
greatest Indian general of this country. The military tactics
which he displayed in the celebrated Nez Perce War of '77
won for him the admiration of the officers and forces who
were pursuing him. In diplomacy, strategy, cunning, per
sistence and courage, he had no equal in the annals of Indian
warfare. His ability to hold an entire division of the United
States army at bay for a whole summer, with a force of only
300 bucks, and encumbered by the women, and children and
stock of his tribe, forced the admiration of every man in tin
service. Prior to the war of 1877 Joseph lived in the Wallowa Val
ley, the home of his fathers. He was a hereditary as well as
a war chief, and his father was Chief Joseph before him.
When the old man died he called his sons to his tepee and
admonished them never to give up their home in the beautiful
land of the broad Wallowa. With young Joseph this dying
wish of his father became a life object, and he went to his
grave striving to recover the old stamping ground as a home
for the remnants of his once powerful tribe.
Friction between the whites and Indians began in tho early
'50's when settlers and miners began crowding the red men.
There was killing on both sides. The Government decided
that a new treaty would have to be made with the Indians for
the purpose of confining them upon several reser
vations. At the conference held at Lapwai, Idaho in 1873, between

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