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The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910, June 01, 1906, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/45043535/1906-06-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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166
THE INDIAN ADVOCATE.
was set apart for them on both sides of the Arkansas River,
in the State of Kansas. This treaty was never ratified by
Congress, and they for several years were left without any
land they could call their own. Being thus deprived of their
lands, they committed soine depredations upon the settlers,
which resulted in the treacherous massacre of Sand Creek,
and their ultimate removal to the Territory, where they at
prespnt reside, living mostly at peace, though not satisfied
with their removal from Kansas and Colorado.
Perhaps this Sand Creek mas&acre should receive more than
the passing notice I had intended giving it: and 1 will jusi
state here, that in the summer of 164, some depredations
and robberies were committed by the Cheyennes and Arapa
hoes upo;i settlements in Colorado, their former home, from
which they had been driven, and for which, they had not heen
compensated. In consequence of these outrages, the Che
yenne village of Cedar Bluffs was attacked by United States
troops, and between twenty and thirty Indians killed, and as
many more wounded. Petty depredations were continued
until fall, when the Indians, becoming tired of hostilities, de
sired peace, and applied to Major Wynkoop, commander at
Fort Lyon, to negotiate a treaty. He ordered the Indians
to assemble about Fort Lyon, under his assurance of safety
and protectibn. They accordingly assembled, about five
hundred men, women, and children, under the charge of a
chief who had all along opposed hostilities with the whites.
While here, in a defenceless condition, under promise of pro
tection from a commissioned officer of the United States army
Colonel Chivington, at the head of company of a United Sta
tes troops, was permitted to surround, and slaughter with
out mercy, the whole band. This inaugurated an Indian war,
which, as has been stated, withdrew eight thousand troops
from those engaged in suppressing the rebellion, cost the go
vernment about thirty millions of dollars, at the small loss
to the Indians of nnf over twenty men killed.
After remaining over night at this Agency, which really
seemed like an oasis in a desert, I started on, with an ox
train, to complete my journey to the Wichjta Agency, the
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