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ao THE INDIAN ADVOCATE
This prosperous state of Colorado has had its baptism of blood time and again. The Sand Creek massacre of Indian men, women and children by the white, and afterwards the White River massacre of only white men by Indians, stand out most prominently as occurences of the recent past. But the strife is ended. Less than i,ooo Indians live in the state and these are of the mio powerful Cite nation, lh.it fiom ith , mountain f.ustiifss is dt lad the fighting Sioux, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, and others. Distributed through several states and occupyiug more than one-sixth of Colorado, and having as head chief of their nation a giant in intellectual endowment Chief Ouray they were not to be trifled with. The late Carl Schurz, who was secretaryof th Interior at the time o the Meeker massacre, and was afterwards in Colorado and photographed beside Ouray, haid that "the brightest intel lect he ever known in either Europe or America was that of an Indian chief in the state of Colorado. He evidently re ferred to Ouray whom the state has honored by placing his portrait in the dome of the capitol. When Philip of Macedon besieged Byzantium, the moon came out and discovered his design to the people within the walls, and they repulsed him. Afterward, in memory of their escape, they adopted the cresent moon as the badge of their city. When-the Turks conquered Byzantium they found the crescent everywhere; and, believing it to possess some magical power, appropriated it for themselves. The American Indian has a record as an inventor which cannot he shaken. In the first place he invented the birch baVk canoe, which has never yet been equaled for lightness gracefulness and carrying capacity. The snowshoe is also his invention perfect in form1, and, like the old violins, incapable of improvement.