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THE INDIAN ADVOCATE
369 the older children engaged in this exciting work, and al though they sometimes fell and were swept down-stream, their dexterity and courage generally prevented serious ac cident. Their boats were made of a single buffalo skin stretched, hair side in, over a frame of willows bent around like a basket and tied to a hoop 3 or 4 feet in diameter. The boat could easily be transported by a woman and, according to Hayden, "would carry 3 men across the Missouri with tolerable safety." Before the coming of traders the An kara made their cooking utensils of pottery; mortars for pounding corn were made with much labor from stone; hoes were fashioned from the shoulder-blades of the buffalo and the elk; spoons were shaped from the horns of the buffalo and the mountain sheep; brooms and brushes were made of stiff, coarse grass; knives were chipped from flint, and spears and arrowheads from horn and flint; for splitting wood, wedges of horn were used. Whistles were construct ed to imitate the bleat of the antelope or the call of the elk, and served as decoys: pop-guns and other toys were con trived for the children and flageolets for the amusement of young men. Garments were embroidered with dyed porcupine quills; dentalium shells from the Pacific were prized as ornaments. To be Continued. There is an elder of a certain church up-State who thinks that things are only half done or not well started in which he has no voice. At a prayer meeting he offered thanks for the safe return from their vacation of the minister and his wife. With proper dignity and in a loud voice he said: "0 Lord, we thank Thee for bringing our pastor safe home, and his dear wife, too, 0 Lord, for Thou preservest man and beast."