462 " THE INDIAN ADVOCATE
The Assiniboin Tribe.
A large Siouan tribe, originally constituting a part of the
Yanktonai. Their separation from the parent stem, to
judge by the slight dialectal difference in the language,
could not have greatly preceded the appearance of the whi
tes, but it must have taken place before 1640, as the Jesuit
Relation for that year mentions the Assiniboin as distinct.
The Relation of 1658 places them in the vicinity of L. Ali
mibeg, between L. Superior and Hudson bay. On Jefferys'
map of 1V62 this name is applied to L. Nipigon, and on De
l'Isele's map of 1703 to Rainy lake. From a tradition found
in the widely scattered bodies of the tribe and heard by the
first Europeans who visited the Dakota, the Assiniboin ap
pear to have separated from their ancestral stem while the
latter resided somewhere in the region about the headwa
ters of the Mississippi, whence they moved northward and
joined the Cree. It is probable that they first settled about
Lake of the Woods, then drifted northwestward to the re
gion about L. Winnipeg, where they were living as early
as 1670, and were thus located on Lahontan's map of 1691.
Chauvignerie (1736) place them in the same region. Dobbs
(Hudson Bay, 1744) located one division of the Assiniboin
some distance N. W. of L. Winnipeg and the other imme
diately W. of an unidentified lake placed N. of L. Winnipeg.
These divisions he distinguishes as Assiniboin of the Mea
dows and Assiniboin of the Woods. In 1775 Henry found
the tribe scattered along Saskatchewan and Assiniboin rs. ,
from the forest limit well up to the headwaters of the for
mer, and this region, between the Sioux on the S. and the
Siksika on the W., was the country over which they con
tinued to range until gathered on reservations. Hayden
limits their range at that time as follows: "The Northern
Assiniboins roam over the country from the W. banks of
the Saskatchewan and Assiniboin rs., in a W. direction to
the Woody mts., N. and W. amongst some of the small out
liers of the Rocky mts. E. of the Missouri, and on the banks
of the small lakes frequently met with on the plains in that
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