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miiiiiiiiii.Miuii'yCTatuuiJ4;.!"i-. wv yjj jr "rV ('1'TT, "'-y3F7"Tr v r ? (Jr'v "'-MT--n7-'' LM " 3vr U r " "f ' J1' ,'' i ' 8 The Commoner. T fr, in WTraKT 'f ( JWl"'Tr',r'Wf 7. Texas Oil Deposits. The Houston (TexaB)Post publishes a state mont made by State Geologist E. T. Dumblo con- cerning the oil deposits of Texas. In view of the recent discovories in that state, an extract iay bo instructive: So much liafa been printed of late years about fcrtesian water and its manner of occurrence that I suppose ovory one understands that it does not exist in underground rivers and lakes as wo find it on the urfaco, but in bods of sand occupying the minute paces between the sand grains. Occasionally, of course, there may be a cavity of more or less extent but theso are unusual, to say the least. The occur rence of oil deposits is exactly similar. Oil simply impregnates the sand beds, where it has collected through the process of distillation and condensation during untold years. Whothor .it was originally de rived from tho decomposition of marine animal life or plants or coal matters not. All have probably furnished material for it, and tho nature of the ma terial may bo responsible for its being of an asphalt or a paraflno base, but those are points for scientific inquiry; at present we aro more interested in the where than the why of such occurrences. The first thing to ascertain, then, is tho location and extent of such sand beds as may contain oil. In general way this has already boon done and the de tails given in our various reports and papers, of which tho following is a briof restatement: As we travel from the coast into tho interior wo pass over strips, or bolts, of clays, sands and lime stones of varying character and width. Theso are the exposed edges of numerous sheets 'or beds of theso materials which were laid down as sediments beneath tho water which formerly covered tho entire region. ITrora theso exposures they slope downward toward the gulf shore and aro overlain by later sedi ments; the edges of tho older beds are therefore on tho interior margin of tho slope and the latter suc ceed ono after another coming toward tho coast, The outorops of theso. beds form a series of belts approximately parallel to tho present gulf coast, and borings show that tho underground slope of tho beds is from twenty to fifty feet to the A Sories of mile more than -the surface slope of Belts. the country; for instance, the beds which occur at tho surface around Hempstead wore struck in tho deep well at Galveston at less than 3,000 feet. Our observations prove that many of the beds of Band aro water-boaring, and that several are Oil bearing. Tho Corsicana oil occurs in the sand at or near the base of the great beds of clay which underlie the black waxy prairie -region of Central Texas, stretch ing from Paris on tho north by Corsicana, Marlin aud Ban Antonio to Eagle Pass on the west. Tho indica tions aro that the oil may bo found as far eastward as Tennessee Colony, in Anderson county, if no farthor. It will probably occur in bolts with unproductive land between. Its extension southwest will be simi larly broken and probably widor areas, as in many places tho sand appears to be entirely wanting. Tho wells of San Antonio are in this belt. Tho next belt of which we have positive knowl edge is that accompanying the lower lignite deposits, tho out-crop of which cross tho state from Texarkana via Athens, Calvert and Rockdale to tho Rio Grande. The investigations of Dr. I. C. White in tho oil Holds of Pennsylvania and West Virginia have proved that the yariety of asphaltum known as Grahamite is one of tho surface indications of oil deposits. I have found this mineral at several points, beginning at the Maverick-Webb county lino on tho Rio Grande and extending as far as Mexia. Other indications also ocour and small quantities of oil have been found in the belt. It is altogether probable that prospect ing hero will bring results which will be valuable. Another horizon still higher in these beds is that in which occurs the deposits found at Nacogdoches those east of Palestine and on the, southward through Atascosa county. These lie in or Nacogdoches just below the base of the beds of Deposits. brown sandstone and thoir value has been proved by actual boring below NacogdocheB, in Atascosa county and at inte mediate points. I Tht next important horizon in that connected' with the belt of lignites, one bed of which is exposed at Manton Bluff, above La Grange, and the sands which overlie them. In this immediate vicinity the natural production of oil from lignite beds can be scon in progress. Posllive proof of the presence of oil and gas in these beds is found in the Cervonke wells near La Grange and tho Grcenvine well of Washington county. With the exception of the Corsicana oil all of the horizons here mentioned are of tho general ago and character as those in California and they continue along the gulf coast well into Mexico. The oil bear ing portions of these beds bid fair to prove as exten sive as any known and aro as yet practically untouched. Still higher in the series, as we understand it, como the beds in which Beaumont has just encoun tered such a phenomenal supply. The conditions of the occurrence of these beds differs somewhat from those below and wo expect the llnding of oil along the cost to be more in distinct basins than may be tho case with the lower oils, the sands of which ap pear to havo greater continuity and are not divided into lenticular deposits. Whether or not any of these oil deposits can be struck at any particular locality is a question to bo answered only after investigation of the surface con ditions in the vicinity or by actual boring. The sur face indications are a guide where they exist, but oil may be sometimes found below when such evidence it apparently lacking or would only bo detected by an expert observer. The success which has already attended the search for oil will certainly stimulate others to un dertake similar borings and the interest thus aroused will without doubt overflow in other channels and bring about the development of other mineral re sources of the state which now lie dormant, largely because they are not properly appreciated Or under stood. A Left-Handed Method. The latest illustration of "doing evil that good may come" has been .brought to light in Toronto, whore a firm did a land office business as the result of advertising, as follows: On reoelpt of $1 wo will send, securely scaled, a beautifully bound book of 400 pages, full of good things. Every sport should havo one. Tho most wonderful book overwritten. French and English translations. Prohibited in some countries. Write at. once. The confiding persons who forwarded a dollar re ceived a fifteen-cent Bible. The Toronto detective department declined to interfere with the nourishing industry, on the ground that it would be inexpedient to interfere with the distribution of the gospel. Holy Scriptures are having a great and constantly increas ing circulation, but it is apparent that the Toronto plan places them in the hands of many persons who would otherwise steer clear of Holy Writ. It is ex asperating to think that bunco men are reaping tho rich financial reward that comes from selling fifteen eent Bibles for a dollar. Even in this enlightened period it is held legitimate to fight his satahic maj esty with fire. Suppose that the Bible houses, the churches and other agencies for the dissemination of the gospel should undertake the Toronto plan, and thus compete with the bold, bad men who have stolen the livery of the court of heaven to serve the devil in? ' What would the Bible trust say of the plan? Los AngeleS Herald. American Honosty. "I beg your pardon, sir, but here is a hundred dollar bill that you dropped up the avenue. I fol lowed you a square to return it." "Thanks, a thousand times! Such honesty and kindness is appreciated, I assure you. But you are the gentleman I saw smiling on the car. Something enjoyable, 1 hope?" "Yes; tho conductor forgot to ask for my nickel." Chicago Daily News. For HIi'Gobd. . Bertrand Shadwcll, In Chicago Record. " I bring you the stately matron named Christen dom, returning bedraggled, besmirched and dishon ored from pirate raids in Kiao-Chou, Manchuria, South Africa and the Philippines, with her soul full of mean ness, her pocket full of 'boodle' and hor mouth full of pious hypocrisies. Give hdr soap and towel, but hide the looking glass." Marie Twain's Greeting to the Twentieth Century, written for the Red Cross Society. ' If you see an island shore Which has not been grabbed before, Lying in the track of trade as islands should, With the simple native quite Unprepared to make a fight, Oh, you just drop in and take it for his good. Chorus: Oh, you kindly stop .and take it for his good, Not for love of money, be it understood, But you row yourself to land, With a Bible in your hand, And you pray for him, and rob him, for his good; If he hollers, then you shoot him for his good. Yes, and still more far away, Down in China, let us say, Where the " Christian " robs the " heathen " for his good, You may burn and you may shoot, - You may, fill your sack with loot, But bo sure you do it only for his good. Chorus: When you're looting Chinese Buddhas for their good, Picking opals from their eyeballs made of wood, As you prize them out with care, Just repeat a little prayer, To tho purport that you do it for their good; Make your pocket-picking clearly understood:.;'. Or this lesson I can shape To campaigning at the cape, Where the Boer is being hunted for his good, He would welcome British rulo If he weren't a blooming fool'. Thus you see that it is only for his good. Young man, in debt you must not go, Or you'll bo stamped as queer, Unless a million you can owe You're then a financier. Washington Star. Briggs. "Wonder how Stover is doing nowa days?" Griggs. "Oh, he must be doing finely; must bo making no end of money. You know ho has al ways been troubled more or loss with rheumatism.' Well, he now calls it gout." Boston Transcript, Chorus (pianissimo): So they're burning burghers' houses for their- good, As they pour the kerosene upon the wood, I can prove them, if I list, Every man an altruist, Making helpless women homeless for their good; Leaving little children roofless for their good. MOllAL. There's a moral to my song, But it won't detain you long, For I couldn't make it plainer if I would. If you dare commit a wrong v ' - On the weak because you're strong You may do it if you do it for his good. The opinion, often expressed in a more or less bantering way, that Philadelphia is a slow 'city, be hind the times in push and energy, is certainly not borne out by a discovery recently made in one of the public schools. The discovery was to the effect that, in a school of 315 pupils, 250 were in the habit of sys tematically "playing policy" some of tho youngsters on their own account, and others buying tickets ioJ their relatives and f riendsl This, it will bo admitted, is a pretty ugly state of things; and it is not in any way improved when the additional information is forthcoming that, of those 315 pupils, only two aro over twelve years of agel The story, in fact, sounds almost incredible; but, as it comes from the horror-stricken principal of the school concerned, and as several keepers of the policy shops that have sold tickets to the children are now in jaiMor tho offense, wo are bound to believe it New Orleans Times-Democrat. . , w m 'I'fe a, f., n'