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"tbi-" - "iw. ' r ' r-. 'rw "i'f tmA-iV'lgVt' " fcf-rET. " nwy ft i,iwpji!iiwir5ppiiii v The Commoner 12 VOLUME 4, NUMBER 28. utilizing our vast national domain for Iho settler, the actual home-niakor. 'Ever sinco this continent was dis covered the need of an Isthmian canal to connect tho Pacific and the A tlantlc has bcett recognized; and over since tho hirth o our nation such a canal has boon planuod. At last Iho dream has become a reality. Tho Isthmian canal is now being built by tho gov ernment of tho United States. Wo conducted tho negotiation for its con struction with tho nicest and most scrupulous honor, and in a spirit of tho largest generosity toward those through whoso territory it was to run. Every sinister effort which could bo dovised by tho spirit of faction or the spirit of self-interest was made in order to defeat tho treaty with Pana ma and thereby prevent tho consum mation of this work. tlio construc tion of the canal is now as assured fact; but most certainly it is unwise to entrust tho carrying out of so momen tous a policy to thoso who havo en deavored to defeat tho wholo under taking. "Our foreign policy has boon so con ducted that, while not ono of oiir? just claims has been sacrificed, our relations with all foreign nations are now of the most peaceful kind; there is no cloud on tho horizon. Tho last causo of irritation between us and any other nation was removed by tho set tlement of the Alaskan fcoundary. "In the Carribean sea wo have made good our promises of independence to Cuba, and havo proved our assertion that our mission in the island was one of justice and not of self-aggrandizement; and thereby no less than by our action In Vonezueia ana Panama wo havo shown that tho Monroe doc trine is a living reality, designed for tho hurt of no nabon, out ror tho protection of civilization on the west" ern continent, and for tho peace of tho world. Our steady growth In power has gono hand in hand with a stength onlng disposition to use this power with strict regard for tho rights of others, and for the causo l: interna tional justice and good will. Wo earnestly desire friendship with nil tho nations of tho new and old worlds; and wo endeavor to place our relations with them upon a basis of reciprocal advantage instead of hos tility. We hold that the prosperity of each nation is an aid and not a hin drance to tho prosperity of other na tions. Wo seek international amity for tho same reasons that make us be lieve in peace within our own borders; and we seek this peace not bfecause we aro afraid or unready, but because we think that peace h regac as well as advantageous. "American interests in the raciflc have rapidly grown. American enter prise has laid a cable across this, tho greatest of oceans. We have proved in effective fashion, that we wish the Chinese empire well and desiro its integrity and independence. "Our foothold in tho Philippines greatly strengthens our position in the competition for the trade of the east; but we aro governing tho Philippines in tho interest of tho Philippine peo ple themselves. Wo have already giv en them a largo share in their govern ment, and our purpose is to increase this share as rapidly as tney give evi dence of increasing ntness ror tho task. The great majority of tho of ilcials of tho islands, whether elective or appointive, are alrcaoy native Fili pinos. We are now providing -for a legislative assembly, mis is the first step to bo taken in tho future, and it would? be eminently unwise to declare what our next step will bo until this first step has been "taken and -the re sults aro manifest. To have gone fast er than we have already gono in giv ing tho islandors a constantly increas ing measure of self-government would havo been disastrous. At the present moment to give political independence to the islands would resurc In tho im mediate loss of civil rights, personal liberty and public orwsr, as regards tho mass of tho Filipinos, for the ma jority of tho islanders hayo been given these great boons by us, and only keep them because wo vigilantly safeguard and guarantee them. To withdraw our government from tho islands at this time would mean to tho average na tive the loss of his barely-won civil freedom. We havo established in the islands a government by Americans assisted by Filipinos. We are steadily striving to transform this into self government by the Filipinos assisted by Americans. "The principles wnlch we uphold should appeal to all our countrymen, in all portions of our country. Above all they should give us strength with the men and women who are the spir itual heirs of those who upheld tho hands of Abraham Lincoln; for we aro striving to do our work in the spirit with which Lincoln approached his. During the seven years that have just passed there is no duty, domestic or foreign, which we have shirked; no necessary task which wo have feared to undertake, or which W6 have not performed with reasonable effici ency. We havo nover pleaded impot ence. We havo never sougnt refugo in criticism and complaint Instead of action. We face the future with our past and our present as guarantors of our promises; and we aro content to stand or to fall by the record which we have made and are making." Curious Condensations. . Ants like ice. Nearly all reptiles are deaf. Cavalry of tho west coast of Mada gascar ride oxen. The most expensive lace manufac tured today is valued at $5,000 a yard. Experiments prove,' that tho pres ence of intestinal bacteria is neces sary to digestion. S'elf-illumlnating photographs, which may' be examined in tho dark, are made in Germany. The swiftest sailing ship in the world is the American full-rigged steel ship Erskine M. Phelps. Whenever a plant is wounded a p ositive olectric current is established between the wounded part and the in tact parts. Reptiles seek the light, but -independently of heat. In winter they often leave comfortable and warm re treats to seek the sunlight. If Mt. Everest, 29.U02 feet, were set down in the Nero Deep, 31,614 feet, there would still be nearly one-half mile of water above its summit. According to the census of 1901 the males in Canada numbered 2,751,708, whereras the females could muster only 2,G19,607. Hence the male ma jority was 132,101. Flowers havo been acrvocated as a cure for consumption by Dr. Frances Bartlett in a paper which she read be fore the Botanical Society of Pennsyl vania. German medical journals are recom mending as a remedy for appendicitis walking on all fours so minutes four times a day. The exercise strengthens the abdominal muscos. There is a legend that the first Inoo was made by a girl wno preserved a beautiful bit of seaweed by catching all the dainty parts of leaves and stems to a piece of linen with fine thread. The effect of blue light in reducing inflammation, diminishing pain, pro moting absorption of morbid secre tions aild curing diseases of the skn has been shown by several recent re searches. Roptiles and amphibians are strong ly attracted by water. They go straight toward it, oven when they are at distances so great that they could no divino its presence by any ofjho senses known to us. Snakes seem to havo a very poor sense of sight. The oa, for example, does not see at more than a quarter or a third of its own length; differ ent spocies are limited to one-fifth or one- eighth of their length. The use of saccharin, a product of coaltar, instead of sugar is growing. It is not only used to sweeten bepr, but it is now also employed in tho, manufacture of syrups, jams, lomonr ades, wines (especially champagne), elder, brandy, pastry and choqolatq. A short time ago a coroner's , in quest over a mummy was held in England. The object had been im ported from Egypt, and the author ities deemed it legally necessary to ascertain the fact of death in the usu al way. The mummy was spoiled dur ing the inquest and a law suit fol lowed. It Is reported that the trunk of a large tree has been encountered at a depth of 1,000 feet ay the oil drillers at Crockett, Tex. Large pieces of perfectly preserved bark and wood of clear grain havo been brought to tho surface. The wood is of very hard texture, and the tree is estimated to have been between two and three feet in diameter. Nervous troubles may be provoked in animals, -as with us. The fear that horses show toward locomotives or automobiles is the cause of tremb ling and temporary paralysis, whose real origin is often unnoticed. Fear of punishment in small animals or joy at seeing a beloved master has given rise to nervous crises that have been mistaken for epilepsy. One summer a country house was so overrun by ants that the owner, after destroying a large anthill near the house and collecting the numer ous pupae for poultry feed, laid sticky fly-paper before the door of the house in such a manner that tne ants could not enter without crossing it. In the morning he found his poultry feed gone and the flypaper covered with it over which the ants had passed "dry shod." The ant-hill had also boon re built during the nifaht.Pittsburg Dispatch. rested in tho grave and the golden future lay gray ana cheerless past behind; but for ono brief moment music had wrought its magic spell So it is with Dixie. The martial measure awakens memories of youth and ambition; of long-dead, well loved comrades; of bivouacs in the rain and the crowded hour of glorious life when the blood ran high and the rebel yell of victory soared higher Sliilli The stem, cold realities of tho pres ent '-return when tho music dies, but for a few blissful minutes, the merry maddening strains have led them' hand in hand with memory, through the battle-lit scenes of other days. Do you wonder that they reverence the ail? Do you wonder that their sons and daughters have learned to love it, too? No, "Dixie" the music is immutable. Tho words are immaterial. Hence, let us cease to discuss their change. -Augusta Chronicle. Haifa Loaf's Best She It is true that Miss Richlelgh has money, but she is also very exact ing. If you marry her you will have to give up smoking and drinking. Hard UpWell, if I don't marry her I'll havo to give up eating also. New Yorker. A Let "Dixie" Be. - Let us call a halt to the further dis cussion of "Dixie" ana wnether or not the wording shall be changed. It is .very evident by now that there never will be any satisfactory agree ment between those wno favor the change, and those who oppose It. The original words are fatuous and fool ish to the point of disgusting the read er, while the version proposed at Nashville was rhythmic and ringing in the extreme. And yet the one will never-be substituted ror the other. Who thinks of the words, anyway? Who ever quotes them, except, per haps, the excerpt: "In Dixie Land I'll take my stand; I'll live and die for Dixie Land?' No, the words aro nothing, and the music everything! Very recently the writer of these lines was walking rapidly along tho street, his brain occupied with some problem of the moment, when, sub consciously, almost, ne Decame awaro of tho strains of "Farewell, farewell to thee, Araby's daughter," plaved very softly, but with exquisite ex pression, in the house no was passing Twenty-five years vanished as though they had never been; the in toxicant blood of youth was bounding in his veins and the glorious, golden future-that so few, alas, attain-lay fair beiore him; he was leaning upon a piano at which a fair young girl played the accompaniment, while the air was carried by a flute, as only Sidney Lanier could play a fiule! Then tho present returned. The dreamy-eyed poet ho remembered Preacher In Shirt Sleeves. (Lebanon, Pa., Telegram to the Chi cago Tribune.) The Rev. I. H. Albright, pastor of the Salem United Brethren in Christ church, this city, wno recently ex tended an invitation to shirt waist men to attend Sunday church service, today preached In his shirt sleeves. The Rev. Mr. Albright believes it is no sin to propound the gospel while coatless, and members of his congre gation indorse him In his plan of enjoying solid comfort ' while attend ing service. Men nor come to church coatless and women without hats. Members of the mixed choir also havo adopted dress reform. Subscribers' Advertising Department A little thought will convince that this department of The Commoner of fers superior advantages to those who desire to secure publicity. Only Com moner subscribers are allowed to use it, and only responsible articles aro allowed to be advertised. Confidence in the advertising management will explain in large measure why ad vertising in Tho Commoner is profit able. The manager is in receipt of many letters from advertisers who have used this department with profit. The rate is the lowest made in this publication 6 cents per word per in sertion, payable in advance. Address all orders to Tho Commoner, Lincoln, Nebraska. VOU COULD SELL OLD LINE LIFE INSUR; x nnco if you knew how. Wo tench the art freo of charge and pay you for your tunc. ut Birable contracts awaiting special and ccnerai agents for.tho statos of Iowa, Missouri, eDras ka and Kansas. Address L, caro of Commoner AN INCUBATOR WITHOUT A CENTO J money. If you will write us at oncc.wc will toll you how to got one. This is our dun season, and wo can make you n proposition no Which wo cannot make later. Wrlto now, or -w will be too late. Tho Lincoln Incubator to. Lincoln, Nebr. WATER TKOBLEM SOLVED. MACHINE lor Domcstio Well-making, djenpest vj half,, most practical of any. Catalogue rce. IVUtJUl at Duua j1Uui.-iii WANIED-GENERAL SALESMEN ON RE cently patented well specialties WJJJ merit $20.00 a week and expenses, . A?'U particulars. Hills &Rosa Co., Medina, w T70RSALE, THREE SMALL FARMS IN GOOD J-1 farm land and stock locality. Wr, Correspondonco solicited. A. D. U"auL raragomu, AricansaB. w E HAVE A FEW INCUBATORS AND brooders ot last year's model wc.Dclc. will sell ohcap to make room lor urn v, ,ce. Every machino guaranteed. Specla1 J c monts to secure agents. "ncolnJncuhatOT j Y1 ". ;MjiAjfrg jmt,fr