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AUGUST rl(k)4; "?,'' .
withdraw the amendment I offered. Our delega tion is going to vote for New , York's Candidate for vice president. We are not going to do any thing that can by any possibility mar our chances for success, and if you think a record vote on this question would do that, I will withdraw the amendment. (Applause.) Electing Postmasters. "Why should a president be permitted to turn the postofllce department into a partisan machine and use thousands of postmasters as paid agents to advance his political fortunes? He should not. Why should avmember of congress be per mitted to build up a personal organization com posed of the postmasters recommended by him but paid by the government and use this organ zation to defeat other ' congresssional aspirants in his own party? He should not. Why should a chief executive be permitted to fill the most rre quented office in the community with a postmaster objectionable to the community and reward him for his services with the money paid in by the com munity? He should not. Why should the "Great Father at Washington," as the Indians call him, bo permitted to electioneer among the colored voters of the north by appointing black postmas ters in the south against the protest of the pat rons of the office? He should not. And yet ail these things are openly and notoriously done to day. The election of postmasters by the people whom they are to serve will correct ail these abuses. It is In harmony with democratic prin ciples; it is consistent with the eoctrine or local self-government. What objection can be raised to it? Can a president know the aspirants more intimately than the community and better judge of their quantisations? Is he more interested than the qqmmunity in prompt, honest and efficient service By leaving the appointment, the removal and Rejection for cause In the hands of the pres ident but by restricting appointment to a list furnished by the community, the rights and in terests of both the federal government and the various, communities ,can tie protected. Presidents and congressmen will then run on tnelj own mer its and not on. the machines which they hflve built lip;' the public, service will be improved qnd com munities will be protected from the imposition's that are now practiced upon them. (Weekly papers are asked to send to The Commoner marked copies of their editorials on this subject.) JJJ The President's Acceptance. The president in his speech of acceptance, which will bo found on another page, takes ad vantage of the division in the democratic party on the money question and boldlyrasserts his party's devotion to the gold standard out he does not discuss those phases of the question upon which he is likely to b'e called upon to act. On the trust question he follows the republi can platform in classing the trusts and the labor organizations together. This classification is made entirely in the Interest of the trusts and his failure to specify any legislation against the trusts or any legislation' in favor of labor shows that the trusts are to be unmolested and that labor is to be unaided if he is successful this fall. On the tariff question ho "stands pat." No revision of the tariff need be expected while ho is in the white house. His reference to imperialism is neither can did nor courageous. Ho boasts of what we; have done for the Filipinos but he avoids, the vital issue involved, namely, whether we are going to adhere to the doctrine of seir-government or adopt a colonial policy, which if adopted, will nullify the principles set forth In the declaration of independence. He dodges nearly every issue. Von Plehve's Assassination. The assassination of M. Von Plehve, the Rus sian minister of the interior, cans attention again to the fatal errors of those who attempt by violence to right the abuses of government. According to Hon. Andrew D. White, late am bassador to Germany, he had aroused great re sentment and made himself bitterly hated by his cruel anddespotlc methods, but his assassination will aggravate rather than relieve the situation. The bloody deeds of the nihilists have retarded reforms in the land of the-' czar; they have en couraged the advocates of militarism ana embar rassed the friends of constitutional government. The Commoner. While the punishment may sometimes seem de served when the ruler has been merciless aud unprincipled, yet the real punishment falls upon the innocent and earnest reformers whoso pro tests against misrule are confounded with the threats of the violent and lawless. Mr. White is quoted as saying: "At that time M. Plehve had not arrived at the position of full minister of the Interior, but was the first assistant minister in that depart ment, and in that capacity took up various' Amer ican matters, especially the dealings of the Rus sian government with some of tne American in surance companies. The Russian government had made the companies a' great deal of trouble, and I was Instructed from Washington to dlscusa tho matter, General Bacholler, now judge of tho in ternational court in Egypt, very ably representing the companies. - ., "I think both 'General Bacheller and myself found M. Plehve ivery agreeable and, apparently, as far as his government allowed him; reason able. I also met him socially at various times and found him agreeable and interesting. "I was, therefore, greatly surprised at leatn ing when, ho waq .promoted to the first placo that-his whole character seemed to cljango, "His part In tho horrible massacre and plun-f dor of the Jews, men, women ana children, at Kishlneff, cause him to be regarded with abhor ence by the whole world. Even more frightful has. been his connection with the destruction of the liberties, of Finland. In ray mind that is tho most wicked thing in the history or the last two centuries. There fs.no time to go into It herb further than to say, that it has turned the best, the most civilized, the most eaucated and the most loyal provinco of the empire into a land in which the opposite of these characteristics id more highly developed than in any other part of the empire. Other things' done by him wore also cal culated to bring most bitter hatred against him. "He attempted tb help his cause by a defense of his conduct toward Finland which Was pub lished in an American magazine. But It certainly must have i failed to convince any thinking man at all aware of the 'circumstances, i "During two sumraors i lived mainly in Fin land, coming frequently to St; Peteri&jurg, ana the transition In .passing from the cultlyatlon and civilization of- Finland to tho atmosphere, of Rus sia was tho most depressing I have ever known. "I -do not wonder at his assassination, ab though I deeply lament it. Among other reasons for this regret It will doubtless De made a pre text fo'r new oppression and new cruelties toward the Finlanders. Assassination arrays defeats &S purpose, and this will be no excoptlon to thp rule. v "I can only account for M. Plehve's atrocious, reactionary and despotic conduct since he camo to the position of minister on tlie theory that he felt that the clique in control of the Winter pal ace, men and women, who seem to have brought tho present emperor Into subjection to them, ob liged M. Plehve, as a condition or his tenure of office, to do their will. "His ambition doubtless led him to adopt their radical and religious hatred, as well as their detestation of anything-like constitutional gov ernment." Merely For History's Sake. Some one charged that the Louisville Courier Journal prior to 1896 "fought tor free sliver and against the gold standard tooth and toe-nail." Mr. Watterson replying to this 'charge says that it is true that one of his editorial writers from 1879 to 1886 did write in favor of bimetallism, but Mr. Watterson says that "in 1888; 1S92 and 1896 the Courier-Journal toecf the dead line oC an honest dollar," and he adds: As chairman of the platform committee " in the national democratic convention of 1888, Its editor was instrumental In excluding free silver from that platform. He supported the exclusion, it was excluded from the platform by an open vote In the convention of 1892. In 1896, the issue having become paramount, the Courier-Journal took its lire in its hand and opposed the free silver action of its party, not abating Its opposition until the danger of a degraded currency no longer menaced either the money or the 'integrity of the na tion. Merely for the purpose of keeping history straight, it may be said that the platform re ported to the national democratic convention in 1888 by Chairman Henry Watterson specifically reaffirmed the democratic platform of 1884. The democratic platform of 1584 said: "We believe In honest money, the gold and silver coin age .of the constitution and a circulating medium convertible into such money without loss." Tiie democratic platform reported to thc con vention of 1888 by Chairman Ixenry Vattcrson, said: "The democratic party of the United States in national convention assembled, renews the pledge of its fidelity to democratic faith and reaffirms the platform adapted by its represen tatives In the convention of 1884.' The platform of 1892 declared In favor of "the use or both gold and silver as tho standard money of the country and to tho coinage of both gold and silver without discriminating against .either motal or charge for mintage." ' It is difficult to understand how Mr. Wat terson kept sliver' out of the platform of 1S88 when that platform, by reaffirming tho platform of 1881, defined "honest monoy" as being "tho gold and silver coinage of the constitution." It Is difficult to Understand how Mr. Watter son excluded -silver from tho platform or 1892 when ho permitted to bo written in tho 1892 plat form the promise that silver, ntf well as gold, would be tho standard monoy of tho country, ana also that silver, as well as gold, would be coined without discrimination and without charge lor mintage So far as the claim that Mr. Watterson never abated his opposition to a degraded currency is concerned, the talented editor of tho Courier-Journal might explain how it happened that he per mitted to be written into tho platform of 1892 a, recommendation in favor of the repeal of tho ten per cent tax on stato bank issues. JJJ Abundance of Money. In an article on the "quantitative theory," the Now York Commercial salcr tnat "a great abundance of money in a country is not an un mixed blessing," adding that it can be shown that "at" some periods exceptionally yirge volumes of currency especially of gold have been a direct moving cause of financial and commercial de pression." A reader of the Commercial writes to that paper to say that tho statement seems "not a little strange,'1 and asks that the Commercial glvo an lnstanco. Tho Commercial quotes from a statement made -by Walter Bagehot, the British financier essayist, as follows: i At particular times a great many stupid people have a great deal of stupid monoy. ' Saving persons often have only the faculty of, saving; they accumulate all and contem plate1 their accumulations with approbation but what to do with them they do not know.' At Intervals, the money of these people the blind capital, as wo call It, of tho country Is practically large and crav ing; it seeks for some one to devour it, and then there Is "plethora"; It finds some one, and there is "speculation"; it Is devout ed, and there Is "panic." The Commercial also recalls the Indemnity paid by France to Germany Just after the Franco Prussian war. The payment of this indemnity added largely to the volume of money In Ger many. The Commercial explains: That money "craved" investment and then the wildest of wild-cat enterprises were launched; both privately and In government affairs an era of extravagance ensued; the inevitable financial crisis followed, and then came general depression and "hard times." It was In that situation raat one of the . "funny papers' in Germany labelled a cartoon , with this exclamation, half in jest, half in earnest: "Let us have another war! Let us . be beaten and pay a big indemnity !v Then we shall bo prosperous again!" According to the first illustration presentca by the Commercial, an abundance of money is "not an unmixed blessing," because "It seeks for somd one to devour It and then there Is 'plethora'; it finds some one and then there is 'speculation'; It Is devoured and then there is 'panic'." But Is It not true that when it is "devoured" there is no longer "an abundance of money?" The Commercial's second illustration Is on par with the first Neither is particularly valu able In establishing the Commercial's claim. It is true that at all times in the world's history, problems of one kind and another have arisen and history repeats itself; but tho Commercial will find It difficult to convince Its readers that public interests are less secure at times when! there is an abundance of money than at time when "money Is scarce and therefore dear' so scarce, indeed, that "money becomes the mas . tor and everything else the servant" , . -.