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The Commoner. WILLIAM J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR VOL 12, NO. 23 Lincoln, Nebraska, June 14, 1912 Whole Number 595 "$ - Mr.&ya of the Chicago Convention '(Copyright 1912, by the Newspaper Enterprise ;,' - . Association.)- The Chicago convention promises to be the most exciting ever held In the history of the country, provided, of course, there is no sur render before the battle. Never before havo we had a president, fighting for a second term, pitted against an ex-president, fighting for a third term. This alone would make it a battle of giants, but an inexhaustible quaiitity of red fire is supplied for the celebration by the fact that the contestants, once bosom friends, are bitter enemies. ' Whatever may be the cause of the feud, there is no doubt that a feud exists, and no feud among mountaineers has ever been more deadly in its effect on participants and innocent by standers. In a .street duel a stray bullet sometimes strikes a passor-by, but in this case several hundred thousand officeholders not to speak of an army of aspirants have had their hopes riddled and their broad and butter filled with fragments of exploded shells. In speculating as to the outcome of the con vention one must have considerable latitude. At the present, it looks like two conventions, if Mr. Taft's supporters have the courage to do all that is in their power. The refusal of the committee to honor Mr. Roosevelt's request for 250 tickets indicates they have the animus to fight, but havo they the courage to carry the fight to the last ditch? They had the law on their side, thelaw of pre cedent when they gave 250 tickets to the presi dent and refused the ex-president, but the law is never invoked botween friends. Men are at outs when they go to lay. . Mr. Taft has control of the national com mittee. The committee can seat enough of the Taft dolegate3 to give him a majority of the convention and there will be about as much to be said in favor of the Taft delegates from the south as can be. said for Mr. Roosevelt's dele gates from that section, for republican dele gates from the south, whether they support Taft or Roosevelt, represent, as a rule, only what patronage can corrupt or money can buy. There aro two questions to bo answored. Whoever can answer them correctly can foretell the result at Chicago.' First: Will President Taft dare to use the machinery which ho con trols? If ho does and the machine doesn't break he can take his southern delegations and, with a minority of the delegates from the north, nominate himself. Does he want that kind of a npmination? And will ho risk what Mr. Roosevelt may then do? (If the ox-president would announce in advance that ho would abide by tho decision of the convention ho would not have much chance to secure a nomination; ho might as woll go to Africa.) The second question is: What will Mr. Roosevelt do if his contesting dolegates are de nied seats? Will ho take. a majority of the delegates from the north, repair to another hall, seat "his contesting delegates from the south and then proceed to nominate himself? That would seem to be his purpose, If indi cations and threats amount to anything. If tho combatants are left to themselves it is safe to guess that Mr. Roosevelt will bo a candidate either tho nominee of the regular convention or the nominee of a bolting convention. But there is a third course. Tho republican national committee is composed of men who, whatever their attachments to particular indi viduals, aro still more attached to the republi can party, and they havo it in their power to de termine tho action of the convention. . The committee will know hnw many uncontested delegates Mr. Roosevelt has, how many uncon tested delegates- Mr. Taft has, and how many delegates Senators Cummins and La Follette have. If, as is probable, Mr. Roosevelt does not havo enough uncontested delegates to give him a majority of the convention, the committee may seat enough of Mr. Taft's delegates to make his Strength equal to Mr. Roosevelt's, and leave tho balance of power in the hands- of Cummins and La Follette. In that case the door is open for all sorts of compromises. Taft and Cummins Too Good to Be True Colonel Roosevelt intimates that if thore is "unfair play" at Chicago he may go there in person and take charge of the situation. Even with the colonel at Oyster Bay the Chicago convention will be a lively affair. But with the colonel at Chicago and right on tho ground but banish the thought! It is too good to be true. CONTENTS FORECAST OF THE CHICAGO CONVENTION MRS. HARMON'S RESPONSE AT THE "DOLLY MADISON DINNER" THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION FORECASTED AN. INSIDE VIEW OF THE MONEY TRUST THE COUNTRY IS DEMOCRATIC ' DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION OF 1841 THE BIG FIGHT AT CHICAGO THE MAKING OF A MAN - SENATOR KERN'S GOOD FIGHT AGAINST LORIMERISM HOME DEPARTMENT NEWS OF THE WEEK WASHINGTON NEWS WHETHER COMMON OR NOT IT WILL BE A PROP In a speech delivered at Birmingham, Ala., Mr. Oscar Underwood denounced tho initiative and referendum, saying: "It is proposed by some that we shall in p.art abandon tho repre sentative government enacted by our revolution ary fathers and adopt a system that in the end would establish a direct democracy, when the ultimate powers to make laws would be placed directly in tho hands of all the people and the independent judiciary, intended to protect the constitutional guarantees of individual liberty, and would become subservient to tho will of the majority through political compulsion." Mr. Underwood is mistaken. The Initiative and referendum and the recall are intended as a prop to representative government. In fact these reforms are the only things that will pre vent the adoption of the "direct democracy" system and preserve representative government upon an intelligent basis. MIGHTY TAME Former Governor Hanleyof Indiana delivered an address at Atlanta, Ga., in which he referred to Theodore Roosevelt as a "bungler." That is a mighty tame epithet. How can Governor Hanloy ever expect to keep up with the republi can procession at this rate?. FOR INSTANCE The Philadelphia Public Ledger, an old rock ribbed republican paper, admits that "worse things could happen to the republic than a split in the republican party." Yes, a republi can victory at the polls in' November, for instance. might bo tho result, or Cummins and LaFol-. lotto might bo able to force tho nomination otj a dark.horso, provided always, Mr. Roosovolt doesn't bolt. All things considered, I would say, if I woro inclined to speculate, but-1 am not W. J. BRYAN. P. S. Suppose Mr. Roosovolt is nominated either by tho regulnr convention or by a con vention of his own, will tho republicans who oppose a third term bolt? Is their attachment to tho traditions of tho fathers strong enough to load to an organizod protest against Mr. Roosevelt? Tho ex-prosidont accuses Mr. Taft of bolng tho candldato of tho bosses. Tho bosses would be unablo to put up a fight in defense of boss ism, but Mr. Roosovolt has studiously ignored tho third term issuo. When men havo sug gested that ho wants to bo president for life with a remainder over to his son he calls them hard names, but this kind of evasion can not last through a campaign. Ho will havo to defino his position, and let the public know how many terms he considers proper or allowable. If Mr. Roosevelt will add together tho votes he has received at tho primaries, and compare the total with the total vote in those states, ho will find that ho is woefully short of a majority even in republican states, and ho must remem ber, too, that some who voted for him did so, not because they loved him more, but because they loved Taft less, and ho muBt also take into account tho fact that many who voted for him and a still larger number who did not vote at all havo been disgusted by tho manner in which ho and tho president havo conducted their campaign. Ho must, in addition, take into account tho fact that many who admired him when ho went out of ofilce havo turned against him because they feel that ho has done injustice to tho presi dent and destroyed the party's chance for success. There Is abundant evidence of an enormous protest at. tho polls, even if no ticket Is put In tho field by the anti-Roosovolt republicans. W. J. B. Mrs. Harmon's Response In former issues The Commoner has pre sented two of. the responses to toasts delivered at tho harmony banquet given by tho demo cratic women of Washington. It is now our pleasure to present the response of Mrs. Judson Harmon, tho talented wife of tho governor of Ohio, to the toast, "Women of tho Cabi net." Her address, as tho readers may easily understand, was greatly enjoyed and heartily applauded- by those who had the privilege of hearing It. WOMEN OF THE CABINET The following is Mrs. Harmon's response: ' "The best example is required from tho noblest in station." In the earliest times, in the youth of tho human race, when brute force was the criterion of the highest, when to achieve victory man's encounter with his fellow man was more san guinary than with tho beasts only a little bqlow him, the standard naturally was brutal. Only he was a hero who most successfully wielded the ax and the bludgeon. Only the lover who forcibly abducted his mistress was deserving the fair. The animal in human nature has been long in dying, but it has had its day, and only rarely do we see a survival of the typo which causes us to shudder and thank God that we are living in a more advanced age. With the progress of evolution our standards today aro vastly different. Mind, not muscle, is the keynbte. Gladia torial combats in tho .arena of the mind are tho only encounters people are called upon today n 1 I : f.