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f-ntfirm r w 7 The Commoner. V- VOLUME 13, NUMBER 27 CURR8NT 'wjY pfwi i K mji mf fcX. Vii ii A B'j J7 .jfu." - ' ' ' rb 1 U k , V r f A PRETTY story of a 1913 bcotio on tlio Gettys burg battlellold is told by tho United Press in this way: A handful of men In gray ro onacted tho charge of Pickott across tho flold of Gettysburg. Up tho slopo of Comotory ridge, w'hdro doath kopt stop with them in 'G3, fifteen veteran of tho Virginia regiments of that im mortal brlgado made thoir slow parado. Under tho brow of tho rid go in tho bloody angle, whore thti Philadelphia brlgado stood that day, was a handful in bluo, scarcoly larger, waiting to moot the onslaught of peace. Thoro were no flashing sabres, no guns roaring with shell; only eyes that dimmed fast and kindly faces behind tho stono wall that marks the angle. At tho ond, in place of wounds or prison, or death, wore hand shakos, speeches and mingling choors. Tho veterans in gray marched for a quarter of a milo over tho ground that they traversed during the charge. They came up tho slope in columns of fours, Irregular but rosponslvo to the com mands of Major W. W. Bontloy of tho Twenty fourth Virginia, ono of tho few officers of either Pickett's or tho Philadelphia brigades who was present. Ahead of them marched a band, and well down tho column was a faded confederate flag, its red Held pierced with many holes, its cross bars dim and its shaft column colored with tho sweat of many a man who died that it might ily high in the last desperate offort to pierce tho union lines. Its progress was slow and pain ful, for tho timothy in tho field was high and its plowed surface was not easy for tho weary feet. Up to tho very edge of tho stone wall, covered now with tangled vines, shaded by trees and peaceful as a summer lane, thoy marched in the hot sun while tho band played "Dixie." There they stood for half an hour while their com rades in blue peered across at them. The blue line formed bohind the walls. Over their heads floated a faded standard of tho Second army corps; behind them wore the statues of the Philadelphia brigade and the Fourth United States battery, where General Armstead died in the midst of guns, killed, the histories say, by a shot fired by its dying commander, Lieutenant Cush ing. As tho men in gray formed in a long lino facing tho wall, the stars and bars and the flag of the Second corps were crossed in amity, the stars and stripes were unfurled and the crowd that came to watch burst into a cheer. Repre sentative J. Hampton Moore of Pennsylvania made a long speech and Major Bontloy answered him on behalf of tho south. The veterans in gray were given a medal provided by John Wanamaker. They crowded over the stone wall, shook hands and the charge was over. There was many a picturesque figure in the line that came up the slopo. W. H. Turpin of the Fifty third Virginia appeared in the uniform ho wore on the day of tho charge. His feet were bound in cloth, he had an army blanket strapped to his back and ho calmly smoked a long-stemmed corncob pipe. There were fifteen regiments in Pickett's division that day in 63 and the his tories say that 5,000 men charged across the field. Every field officer was killed or wounded oxcept ono lieutenant colonel and two-thirds of the line ofllcers met tho same fate. Of the 5,000 wlio charged only about 2,000 returned to tho confederate position. Tho Philadelphia brlgado numbered about 1,200 men and lost 453 in killed and wounded. w w w COMPLYING with an order of the war depart ment, General A. L. Miles, chief of tho di vision of militia affairs in the United States army, sent to tho adjutant general of South Carolina the following dispatch: "In accor dance with action of war department this date, taken in consequence of attitude of governor of your state toward enforcements of federal mili tia law as expressed in his letters of May 5 and 27 to you and of Juno 11 to secretary of war, no further federal assistance, either personnel or equipment will be afforded the organized militia of your state, nor further expenditure of federal funds in hands of disbursing ofllcers will bo authorized by secretary of war, except to cover such obligation as may have already been accrued and approved by secretary of war. Requisition for property on hand in military divisions is disapproved ana no further requisi tion will bo honored. This information tele graphed to you in connection with plans for en campment of South Carolina organized militia this summer, in order that you may be guided by such telegram and act accordingly. Disburs ing ofllcer has been informed of action taken by war department." A Washington dispatch, carried by tho Associated Press says: War de partment officials said that tho defiant attitude of Governor Bleaso left no alternative but to wihdraw federal support from the South Caro lina militia. They declared that thoy not only ignored tho standards of efficiency in the state militia demanded by tho federal authorities under the Dick law as a condition of federal sup port, but had announced that as commander-in-chief of tho state volunteer forces ho would do what he pleased regardless of federal authority. & V TIE hidden treasures of Colombia, S. A., are just now attracting newspaper attention. The New York Sun says: Lean as an antelope and almost as dark as an Indian, "tho animal man," J. J. Schmitt, who has made more lone some trips into South American junglelaud than any other hunter of queer creatures and rare plants in this country, returned recently by the Hamburg-American liner Albingia. This time Schmitt was five months In the interior solitudes of Colombia, sleeping under the trees when he could sleep and living like the native Indians. For more than three months he hunted alone. His experience brought down his weight about forty pounds and when he landed with his me nagerie he looked like a being of bone and muscle only. Mr. Schmitt says he found gold in abundance In certain parts of the country where he believes no other white man ever trod, and that oil just oozed from tho Boil in other sections. Primarily he was after animals and plants, but he incidentally grabbed off some nuggets, which he brought along with his col lection. Ho said his trip was the longest and hardest he had ever undertaken. Louis RuhQj the animal dealer in Grand street, financed it and was satisfied with Schmitt's findings, includ ing twenty iguanas, biggest of South American lizards, chameleon-like in their change of aspect. The biggest of the twenty is moro than six feet long. Schmitt lived partly on iguanan meat, which is esteemed a delicacy in Colombia, on his exploring trip. A dozen young mecaws that the animal man risked his neck to take from their nests while the mother birds fought him with beak and claws were mothered by him on the trip up from Colon. They are among the biggest and gaudiest youngsters ever seen here abouts. Other prizes are a twelve-foot boa won derfully marked, several "widows," rare wild ducks seldom seen in the United States, and a variety of tropical plants that Schmitt declares have never been seen in New York, and several "royal ducks" as big as geese with glistening greenish black coats. There are also in tho collection, fifty or more monkeys, 1,000 para keets and many kinds of snakes. Mrs. Schmitt, who has won fame as a snake charmer, met her husband at the pier. Schmitt says ho expects to interest American capitalists in the vast mineral wealth of the interior of Colombia. & & A TRIBUTE to the faithful effort of the late John P. Morgan, is paid by the Birming ham (Ala.) Ledger, in this way: The Greens boro Watchman is persistent on its point that Senator Morgan wanted the canal across tho isthmus at Nicaragua and opposed tho Panama idea. Technically the Watchman is correct The senator was earnest and persistent in his efforts for the Nicaragua route because he had seen it and studied it and was at an ago when men do not lik.o to change their minds. It is remembered that there was a bit of scandal connected with the change from tho Nlcaraguan scheme to that of Panama. Mr. Roosevelt at tacked some newspapers in the courts because thoy charged fraud. Anyway, the United States did do several things that Senator Morgan could not approve in order to cut the canal at Panama. When tho republicans at Washington made tho change over the protest of our senator he reluc tantly yielded and aided the canal as tho best that could bo done. So It is true that the senator opposed the Panama route for the canal because lie was advocating another location, and the republicans, for reasons and perhaps other "valuable considerations" changed the route. To put it plainly, Senator Morgan had cultivated public sentiment until it demanded a canal. All the world knew that he had brought tho four-century-old question to a climax. The republi cans refused him all the honor they could and bought, at an enormous price, the French rights and claims and built the canal at Panama. Sena tor Morg'an was the father of the canal, though it had been talked of since the white men first learned how narrow the isthmus was. He edu cated public sentiment to the canal idea for present day use. He worked for the Nicaragua route because there were no international or business complications. Above all, he worked for the canal; that was his central idea. t tY t COMPARING the Suez canal with the Panama canal, a writer in Scribner's Magazine says: The simplest and most concrete measure of tho service rendered by the Panama canal will bo the tonnage of ships that use the waterway. This can be forecast with a fair degree of cer tainty, because it is possible to ascertain how much traffic now moves by routes that would be abandoned in favor of the canal route, and it is easy to find out how fast this available canal traffic is increasing. The history of the Suez canal, the great interoceanic highway with which the Panama canal is closely comparable, is an open book. Last year 5,373 ships, having a net tonnage of 20,275,000 tons, passed through the Suez water-way. The growth of tonnage in 10 years has been more than 70 per cent. Tho shipping using the Panama canal annually dur ing the first year or two of its operation, that is in 1915 and 1916, will amount to about 10, .500,000 net tons. At the end of 10 years the tonnage will doubtless have reached 17,000,000 net tons. The prospect thus is that the Panama canal will start with less than half the tonnage which will then be making use of the Suez canal. Moreover, it will be a long time before the Panama canal catches up with the Suez water way in volume. Should the Suez tonnage con tinue to increase at the present rate, the volume of shipping served by the Suez canal in 1925 will be double that passing through the Panama waterway. It is hardly probable that the Suez tonnage will continue to in crease at its present high rate; while it may well happen that the stimulating effect of tho Panama canal upon industry and trade has been underestimated. Eventually, at the end of vo or three decades, let us say, the traffic of Pana ma may equal or exceed that at Suez. The Pana ma canal is always thought of, first of all, with reference to the commerce between the two sea boards of the United States; yet it is probable that only one tenth of the ships that pass through the canal in 1915 will bo employed in the intercoastal trade. && W t5 THE champion office holder has been located at Omaha, Neb. His name is Eben K. Long. An Omaha dispatch to the New York World says: The champion officeholder of the country has resigned because of old age and deafness. Eben K. Long, of Omaha, has been elected to office 179 times. "And 1 never yet asked any man to vote for me," ho says. Mr. Long has been a candidate 180 times, and only once was ho defeated; and that was so long ago that he has almost forgotten it. Many of his offices have been in fraternal lodges; others have been city and county offices. Fifty-five years ago he was elected to his first political office and not a year has passed since then that he has not drawn a salary from the public. But long before that he was elected to office in fraternal bodies. Judge Long, now eighty-seven years old, has been a justice of the peace in Omaha for the last twenty-one years, during which time 10,-" cases came before him for trial. Scarcely an election has been held In Omaha for half a century that the name Eben K. Long hasnoc appeared on the republican ticket. In oil years, when his name was not on a political uai lot, he managed to get himself enrolled as candidate in somo order to which he leJ?noBa8, Eben K. Long was born in Newburyport, Mass., ibw.