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The Commoner 'AUGUST, 1913 21 Wendell Phillips, Henry Ward Beecher, Susan B. Anthony and Frances D. Gage vere among the speakers. In 1869 this society split into the national and the American Women Suffrage association, which reunited in 1890 as the National American Woman Suffrage associa tion. There are now four national so cieties, all working in harmony: the National American Woman Suffrage association, the Friends' (Quakers) Equal Rights society, the National College Equal Suffrage league, and the National Men's League for Woman Suffrage. There are forty-eight state suf frage associations (the anti-suffragists claim to have seventeen), and there are a vast number of local so cieties. Of late years powerful co operation has been given by the woman suffrage party, a non-partisan society of men and women ex isting in many states. It is organized along political lines, by wards and precincts, and aims to defeat candi dates, irrespective of party, who are opposed to suffrage, and to carry equal suffrage amendments when submitted to the voters. The wom an's political union and the equal franchise society are organized in a number of states, and are doing en ergetic work. The suffrage movement in the United States is represented by six monthly periodicals, one fortnightly and three weeklies the Woman's Journal, founded in Boston in 1870, the Maryland Suffragist and the Con necticut Suffragist. Another week ly, The Suffragist, is about to be started in Washington, D. C. The anti-suffrage movement is represent ed by one small quarterly and one monthly. March of Equal Suffrage The woman suffrage movement is world-wideT, How much has it act ually .achieved? . Eighty years ago. women could not vote anywhere, except to a very lim ited extent in Sweden and a few oth er places in the old world. In 1838, Kentucky gave school suf frage to widows with children of school age. In 1850, Ontario gave it to women both married and single. In 1861 Kansas gave it to all women. Municipal suffrage was granted to women in Finland in 1863, and in New South Wales in 1867. In 1869 England gave municipal suffrage to single women and widows, Victoria gave it to women both married and single, and Wyoming gave full suf frage to all women. In .1871 West Australia gave mu nicipal suffrage to women. School suffrage was granted in 1875 by Michigan and Minnesota, in 1876 by Colorado, in 1877, by New Zealand, in 1878 by New Hampshire and Ore gon, in 1879 by Massachusetts, in 1880 by New York and Vermont. In 1880, South Australia gave munici pal suffrage to women. In 1-881, municipal suffrage was extended to the single women and widows of Scotland, and full parlia mentary suffrage in the Isle of Man. Nebraska gave women school suf frage in 1883. Municipal suffrage was given by Ontario and Tasmania in 1884, and by New Zealand and New Brunswick in 1886. In 1887, municipal suffrage was granted in Kansas, Nova Scotia and Manitoba, and school suffrage in North and South Dakota, Montana, Arizona and New Jersey. In the same year Montana gave tax-paying women the right to vote upon all questions submitted to the taxpayers. In 1888 England gave women county suffrage, and British Colum bia and the Northwest territory gave them municipal suffrage. In 1889 county suffrage was given to the women of Scotland, and munici pal suffrage to single women and "widows in the province of Quebec. In 1890 school suffrage was graated in Oklahoma, and in 1891 in Illinois. In 1893, school suffrago was granted in Connecticut and full suf frage in Colorado and New Zealand. In 1894, school suffrago was granted in Ohio, bond suffrage in Iowa, and parish and district suffrage in Eng land to women both married and single. Jn 1895, full state suffrage was granted in South Australia to women both married and single. In 1896 full suffrage was granted in Utah and Idaho. In 1898, the women of Ireland were given the right to vote for all officers except members of parlia ment; Minnesota gave women the right to vote for library trustees; Delaware gave school suffrage to tax paying women; France gave women engaged in commerce the right to vote for judges of the tribunals of commerce, and Louisiana gave tax paying women the right to vote upon all questions submitted to the tax payers. In 1900 Wisconsin gave women school suffrage, and West Australia granted full state suffrage to women, both married and single. In 1901, New York gave tax-paying women in all towns an 1 villages of the state the right to vote on questions of local taxation and Nor way gave them municipal suffrage. In 1902, full national suffrage was granted to all the women of federat ed Australia, and full state suffrage to the women of New South Wales. In 1903 Tasmania gave full state suffrage to women and bond suffrage was granted to the women of Kansas. Jn 1905 Queensland gave women full state suffrage. In 1906 Finland gave them full national suffrage, and made them eligible to all offices, from members of parliament down. In 1907 Norway gave full parlia mentary suffrage to the 300,000 women who already hud municipal suffrage. Denmark gave women Iho right to vote for members of boards of public charities, and to serve on such boards, and England, with only fifteen dissenting votes out of the 670 members of the house of com mons, made women eligible as may ors, aldermen and town and county councillors. In 1908, Michigan gave tax-paying women the right to vote on questions of local taxation and the granting of franchises; Denmark gave women who are taxpayers or the wives of taxpayers a vote for all officers ex cept members of parliament, and Victoria gave full state" suffrage to all women. In 1909 Belgium gave women the right to vote for members of the conseils des Prudhommes, and made them eligible; single women and widows paying taxes were given a vote in the province of Vorarlberg (Austrian Tyrol), and Ginter Park, Va., gave tax-paying women a vote upon all municipal questions. In 1910 Washington gave full suf frage to all women; New Mexico gave them school suffrage; Norway made municipal woman suffrage uni versal; Bosnia gave the parliamen tary vote to women owning a certain amount of real estate; the diet of the crown province of Krain (Austria) gave suffrage to the women of its capital city, Laibach ; New York gave women in all the towns, village? and third-class cities a right to vote on bonding propositions; the Gaekwar of Baroda (India) gave the women of his dominions a vote in municipal elections; t,he kingdom of Wurtem berg gave women engaged in agri culture a vote for members of the chamber of agriculture and also made them eligible; and Vancouver gave municipal suffrage to married wom en. Single women and widows had it before. In 1911 California' gave the wom en full suffrage. Belize, the capital If gS r Treat Theni v -f &( . to the treat of treats - always welcomed, by all, W ' everyhere ( u V . mr? if1 it in is Sparkling with life delightfully cooling 7 supremely wholcoomc. 9m fe&itf Delicious Refreshing Thirst-Quenching C2-A Drtnmd the Genuine Refute Subrltu'ei. At Sod Fountain! or Carbon ated in Bottles. THE COCA-COLA COMPANY, AtUntu, Gu NEBRASKA :: BELLEVUE COLLEGE :-: IIISLMSVUIC, NHIHIASICA TUB HISTORIC COLLISGB OP THIS MISSOURI VALLEY Beautiful and healthful location, connected with Omaha by trolley, tlie Burlington Itullroad and a Scenic Boulevard. Tlie College at Artn nnd Science, granting the Bachelor'!! Degree. The Conservatory of Mimic, all branches of MuhIc taught by SpcolallHtH. The Normal School, courses leading to State Certificated. Co-ICiIuchIIohuI, mod erate expenfleH. Academy, a high grade preparatory Hchool, lltting for any College or University. S. W. STOOKEY, LL. D., President of Honduras,-' gave them municipal suffrage. In 1912 Kansas, Oregon and Ari zona gave women full suffrago. Ken tucky, which had temporarily anol iRhod Rf.hool suffrage for women, re stored it in an enlarged form, giving- a vote upon educational matters to all women who can read and write, In 1913 Alaska has given women full suffrage, Norway has made par liamentary suffrago for women uni versal, and Illinois has given women the right to vote for presidential electors, for all statutory officers, and upon all propositions submitted to the voters. In addition, since January 1, 1913, the legislatures of twelve states of the union havo given majority votes of both houses In favor of submit ting the question to the voters. In most cases the majority was very large. Thus in New York the vote stood 40 to 2 in the upper house and 125 to 5 in the lower; in New Jersey 14 to 15 in the upper house and 46 to 5 In the lower; In Iowa 31 to 15 in the upper and 81 to 26 in the lower; In Montana 15 to 2 In the upper and 76 to z in tue lower, etc. Years ago, when woman suffrage was much more unpopular than it Is now, Bishop Gilbert Haven was asked if it were true that he had been speaking at a suffrage meeting. "Yes," answered tho bishop, "I don't want to fall in at the rear of the reform. I prefer to march with the procession." There can be no doubt as to which way the procession Is moving. Bishop Thomas Bowman, the senior bishop of the Methodist de nomination In the United States, celebrated his ninety-sixth birthday at his "home in Oiange, New Jersey, July 14. Five Hundred Bank Crashes A in tho fifty years of our national haukH over live hundred have gone to tho wall; In tlie last depression, follow ing '93, nearly one hundred failed with in three years. Thcnc failures .nvolved over $300,000,000 of assets. They wore for tho most part small institutions, in communitleK where their cloning must have wrought both havoc and Buffering. To havo created a fund from which do poHitorH could have been paid in forty eight hours would havo required a yearly tax upon deposits of a fraction of 1 per cent a tenth or a twentieth. Tlie average Iohh to tho fund on tho money ho paid out eve under the local and "friendly" receiverships Htill in vogue, would have been 15 per cent a total of perhaps 20 or 30 millions Icbs than the life cost of a sHIe battleship. Yet It is seriously pretended that a de posit guarantee Cund of this character would promote "wildcat" banking and make our bankn unsafe J As though, perchance, the depositor of the $30, 000,000 in the Pittsburgh bank, for ex ample, would have been lesr, cautious in the choice of institution for tho "safe- keeping" of their funds. The Oklahoma law has gone through the fire and found not wanting It has been in operation 5 years and no de positor has lost a cent nor been com pelled to wait for tho return of his sav ings. Write today for copy of tho law, with booklet giving full information as to the depositing of your funds in an Oklahoma state bank. Interest paid on savings deposits and time certificates. Accounts from thirty tates. GUARANTY STATES IJANIC, Muskogee, Okln. M. G. Haskell, President VPvni Vieififtti for M wcfc Hoard Books rented. Opens October 7th. Humboldt College, Humboldt, la. HKAVKN AND J1KLX." Rwcdenborff" 4CO pago work: 15 cent nortpald. Vtmtor Land ea berirer, WJndHor Place, tit. Louis, Mo, PATENTS &&ZSgS. ree report as to J atenlabilltr JJIurtmted Quid Book. d4 Urt of JnvenUons Wanted, rent trtt. VllioK J. KVAXJ. CO MuhlBrtOH.D.a. PATENTS T7aisa . Ce7emaut Patent IwyerW&alilBftei, TV(? AHvW .nil twuV. fa Bale rtMonable. IUobeai reference, Sestaervtaac, I A' -4 4 j ? f !.-;?"