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r i m y r tf The Commoner WILLIAM J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR . VOL 15, NO. 8 Lincoln, Nebraska, August, 4915 ' - . z Whole Number 676 - l ! .1 n - X. "v WRITE AND WRITE NOW The power toDECLARE WAR is vested in congress that is the nearest body to the people. The referendum was then unknown if the constitution was being written today the people would probably be given a referendum vote on war, and women the greatest sufferers from war would doubtless be given a voice. But as we do not have a direct referendum we should use every means we do have to impress upon senators and members of congress the fact that THE PEOPLE ARE OPPOSED TO ENTERING THE PRESENT WAR: They are IN FAVOR of using the peace treaty plan to preservo peace and, if that fails, they are in favor of postponing final settlement until -this war is over. This course will enable us to assist as mediator in bring ing this war to a close and then we shall have no difficulty in adjusting our differences. WRITE YOUR SENATORS AND YOUR CONGRESSMEN, protesting against war. They will listen to you. W. J. BRYAN fi ' V A 7 GWKoads vsP Preparedness The jingoes are now talking about spending threo hundrcid million dollars on the navy and. ono hundred and fifty million dollars on the army, or four hundred and fifty million dollars per year getting ready for wars that ought never tc come. Four huudred and fifty millions a year would amount to about five billionsin eleven yrs! That sum would gridiron -the United States with hard roads twelye miles apart, so that no citizen -vould live more than six miles from a good road which would enable him togo everywhere. It is estimated that a farmer can haul four times as much on a hard road as oft a dirt'road. What a boon it would be to a farmer to bo relieved of tho mud embargo! The sum above mentioned would in ten years, revolution ize the road travel and traffic of the country, but half that sum would probably supply present needs. If we keep our army and navy appropria tions as they are now and simply use for good roads the sum which the jingoes desire to add to these appropriations, the benefits to business will be enormous.' -Good roads or frenzied pre paredness, which? - W. J. BRYAN. - v--VK W??:rs-! - p ' i&fitjfeft '' ' t)N THE WAtf'BACK - .,.. ,' , Those who 'have read ex-President Roosevelt's views on the return of the progressive prodigals of New York to the republican party, will be able to guess with some accuracy as to his own future course. He is sure they-the returning pro gressives are "conscientious" in returning and ho appreciates . the service they rendered while outside the republican party. When the proper time comes Mr. Roosevelt may be expected to conscientiously return to the republican party, content to know that he rendered great service by temporarily separating himself from Penrose, IVi 'fflmt Wf; "Facts Barnes & Go. Before wo begin squandering money io meet the jingo idea of preparedness we had better consider the journey which the warlike nations are making toward exhaustion. If they go on killing off soldiers and burning money at tho present rate, there will be nothing to fear when they get through. APOSTLES OF PEACE A few of our ministers have been abroad so much that they have loct the American point of view, and some of these have talked war until they have lost the Christian point of view. But a vast majority of the clergy are not only neu tral as between belligerents but are intensely on the side of Christ's gospel, and against the doc trine that Might makes Right. They are apostles of peace, and are using their great influence against the crusade for war which the jingoes are trying ta organizer-" ; -" u CONTENTS GOOD ROADS VS. PREPAREDNESS A FEW WAR FACTS THE SHIP PURCHASE BILL A NATIONAL BULLETIN NEEDED CLOTURE COMING NEUTRALITY TOWARD BOTH PROHIBITION WASTING TIME TEMPERANCE CRUSADE ADVANCING AMERICANlNOTES TO GERMANY AND AUSTRIA THE POLITICAL SITUATION BUSINESS AND THE LAW STORY OF MR. BRYAN'S EFFORTS TO PROMOTE WORLD PEACE SECRETARY M'ADOO SHOWS URGENT NEED OF MERCHANT MARINE TWENTY-ONE MILLION of soldiers are en-' gaged in the unparalleled war now raging in. Europe; what will be our quota if we ure roow ish enough tp enter into it? More than TWO MILLION men have bee killed thus far. What will be pur toll If wo take part? Over FIVE MILLIONS wounded. What will be our share if we become a participant? The nations at war are .now spending FOUR HUNDRED MILLION dollars per week more -than TWENTY BILLIONS per year wht will our expenditures be? ' . Before we decide to "go in" Vat any cost'.' let some of the advocates of war give us an dsti? mate. We are a great nation and can not be stingy with blood or money if we cast in our lot ' with the belligerents. And what is to be gained by war? Protection of American rights? No, that'ean be secured without loss of life, money or honor; it can be secured without arousing hatreds which would last a century. And what would we loseby entering into the war? Men? Yes, no one knows how many. Money? Yes, no one knows bow much. But more than that, we would lose our place as the leader of the neutral nations and the opportun ity to mediate when the time for mediatloa comes; we would lose the priceless privilege of using our good offices as a friend to assist in lay ing the foundations of permanent peace. There is no excuse for war. Our grievances we "have them against both sides do npt justify war; and the treaty plan furnishes the machin ery fpr maintaining an honorable peace. Those who talk war misrepresent the wishes of the peo ple. You can no more measure -the sentiment of the masses by the froth of the jingo press tha you can measure the ocean's silent depths by the foam upon its waves. 'W. J, BRYAN. r w ' &'