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The Commoner VOL. 19, no. 12 El: I n ft tf IA h A Business Man for President An editorial in tho Saturday Evening Post of October 4th last mado a plea for a business man for president. Tho appeal so touched the heart of tho Simmons Ilardwaro company that it pat it In pamphlet form, tho reason given being "Bocauso these sentiments scorn to us to be so thoroughly sound, so well expressed, and so en tiroly non-partisan, wo have reproduced it in this form for tho benefit of tho traveling sales men who may not have had an opportunity to read It." Tho high standing of tho Saturday Evening Post would in itsolf call attention to tho edi torial, and tho endorsement of so prominent a business firm as tho Simmons Hardware com pany omphasizos tho importance of tho subject treated. A careful perusal of tho editorial, however, reveals tho fact that no ono is men tioned as an illustration. A good business man would not bo apt to buy an article offered for salo unless ho was permitted to examine a sample, and, so, in considering the merit of tho Post's argument, a sample would be enlighten ing. What businoss men have tho Post and tho Simmons Hardwaro company in mind? Tho requirements, as stated by tho Post and en dorsed by tho Hardware Company, are, to say tho least, quite oxacting. Hero, for instance, is what tho businoss man must bo: "Our problems aro first and last economic that is, straight businoss problems concerned with production and distribution greater produc tion, bettor distribution. Only a broad gaiigod, sympathetic, common-sense, close-to-the-ground man, understanding farm ing and its problems, manufacturing and its probloms, selling and its problems, will fit tho issue. Ho must bo a man who will play no capitaljstic favorites for the sake of friendship, and no labor favorites for tho sake of votes. Ho must bo a man who will give short shrift to anyone who plays it hoads-I-win, tails-you-loso. Ho must believe in profit sharing and loss sharing too. lie must not bo afraid to go after anyone who trios to-assume power without responsibility or accountability; who broaks his word or his contracts, individual or collective. Such a man's creed would be: A fair chance for all classes, and no looting of any ono class for tho benefit of the other. He would bo an American of tho Americans and concerned about what kind of men become Americans. He would givo more attention to the quality of immigration than to its volume, and ho would start a little involuntary emigra tion." Out of somo forty million voters, men and ' women, we ought to bo able to find several persons who would, to a reasonable degree, moot tho requiremnts of tho above description. But would tho Post and tho Hardwaro man agree on tho ono selected"? And, even if they could agree, what of the other business men? Would they endorso the selection? Of course, tho man would have to bo a SUC CESSFUL businoss man, and successful as moasurod by prosont day standards. That is, ho would have to bo engaged in BIG businoss, for it would bo humiliating for big business mon to join in tho support of a little business man. What big business man would tho Post and tho Simmons Hardwaro company suggest? Tho only business mentioned in tho editorial is the steel business, and tho suggestion then mado is that "A manager for a steel company is not choson becauso he comes from Indiana and is popular with tho boys out there, etc." I wonder if Judgo Gary is tho dark horse? Or might it be Mr. Swift or Mr. Armour or Mr. Sohwab? Or somo railroad president? Or pos sibly, a Pullman car company official? Give us his name that we may examine his record before the convention meets. If this ideal business mantis old enough to be president ho has lived during an eventful period and, unless too much absorbed in businoss, must have taken a posi tion on tho epoch-making reforms that have beon adopted. Was ho for or against election of the United States Senators by the people? Tho last fight against this great reform was led by that dis tinguished business man, Chauncey M. Depew. Was this business man's1 candidate for or against tho income tax? A good many successful businoss men opposed it and insisted that the poor man should pay his own taxes and, in ad dition theroto, a part of the taxes that tho rich ought to pay. And whore does this businoss man stand on tho currency question? The big bankers, almost to a man, opposed the cur rency law, and yet it has given us the best currency system wo have ever had. What has ho done to curb tho trusts? And might it not bo interostng to know the views of the Postr Hardwaro candidate on the subject of profiteer ing? Is he FOR it, or IN it or AGAINST it? Tho Post and tho Hardware Company seem to regard popularity "with tho boys" as a fault rather than a virtue. Are wo to have a new method of selecting presidents whereby the candidate will bo unavailable in proportion as lio is popular and available in proportion as he is unpopular? By what machinery are we to exclude tho man whom the people prefer and set above the voters a man whom they dislike? Name tho candidate, please; givo the people a chance to look him over. Boy, page Mr. Busi noss Man Candidate. W. J. BRYAN. THE PRESIDENT'S CONDITION The following account of Senator Fall's re cent visit to the White Hcvuso, and his descrip tion of the president's condition, was carried in the press dispatches: "The whole conference was declared to have been of the most friendly nature, the president closing it with a story about an Irishman, who, when asked whether he thou'ght the United States would take Mexico, replied: 'I think wo will. It's so contagious to us.' "At another point, when jests were being ex changed about the president's health, Mr. Wil son was said to have referred to the statement made in a letter by. Senator Moses, republican, of New Hampshire, that the executive was re ported to have a brain lesion. " 'The president remarked,' Senator "Fall said, 'that aD a result of the conference he hoped the senator would be reassured, although he. might be disappointed t "Senator Fall gave a detailed account of the White house visit. He said Dr. Grayson re ceived them ,and took them up to the president's bedroorn, where Mr. Wilson shook hands with each senator. " 'The president shook hands with each of us,' Senator Fall continued. 'He was lying in bed, flat on his back. His shoulders were propped up slightly! His bed was in a shaded portion of the room. Ho greeted us pleasantly and while his articulation seemed somewhat thick, during tho entire conforonce I could understand perfectly every word ho said. " 'I think ho was covered up to his chin, with his right arm out. I sat a little to one side and slightly below him. near a tab.le, and he fre quently turned his head to talk to me. He also reached over to the 'table several times of ob tain papers on it.' " ROOZE AND UNREST In so far as industrial unrest is due to tho low wages it will be difficult to connect it with prohibition. If a man has difficulty in living on his wages WITHOUT liquor, what would be his condition if he spent a part of his earnings on drink? THE FINANCIERS' DILEMMA The financiers are in a dilemma. To be con sistent with their contentions in 1896 or to abandon them which? That is the question They said in 1896 that it mattered not whether the country had much money or little just so it was all good. They ridiculed the quantitative theory and swore by the molting pot test. Now they have to explain high prices and, to shield tho profiteer, they aro compelled to throw tho blame on the INCREASED VOLUME OF MONEY. Yes, they surrender unconditionally tho quantitative theory has triumphed But is the increased volume of money entirely to blame? No. Hero are the figures from tho comptroller's office: " Per capita in 1916 $39.28 . Per capita in 1917 45 74 Per capita in 1918 5081 - Per capita in 1919 ',' 5350 Tho figures would account for some increase in prices, but not for the increase 'that has taken place since 1916. In 1913, tho year' be- warsS14rrl?iWar' tUeKoPOr capit d'etat P was $34.56; it is now $53.50 -less than 60 per cent increase, while prices have increased 131 per cent above tho pre-war lovol. The profiteer muet have a share of tho blamo. ' I,roniecr W. J. BRYAN. Catechism of the Reactionary Question. 'What is a reactionary in polltlmT Answer. Ono who objects to reforms XI yearns for the "good old days" when p?edatorJ corporations pillaged without let or hind! lonQ'? T Wha Party d Uie roactionwiS 1 & A. Most of them are members of tho Rem.h lican party; a few, however, call themselves Democrats, but they act with Republicans wh ever, their vote is needed to protect the imS" atory interests.. , l Q. What do the reactionaries in the Rennh lican party do? epub" A. They flead it and dictate its policies in spite of. the fact that a large majority of the members Qt the Republican party aro progres sive. Q. What do tho reactionaries in tho Demo cratic party do? , A. They disgrace it by bringing suspicion upon it. Q. Why do not the reactionaries in tho Democratic . party go over to the Republican party whore they belong? A. " Because they know they can do tho pred atory interests more good by keeping progress sives out of the Democratic party than they could by. calling themselves Republicans. Q. What are the reactionaries doing now? A. They have several schemes on hand. Q. Which is their most important scheme? A. Turning tho railroads back into private hands and giving tho railway magnates the big gest private monopoly in the world. Q. What else are they planning? A. They want to abolish the Federal Trado Commission, Q. Why. , A. Because it makes the predatory corpora tions mad by exposing them. Q. Why does exposure make them mad? A. Because fhe people will not consent to being plundered when they know what is going oh and who is exploiting thOm. Q. What is that noise that we hear that seems to como from tho suburbs of Chicago? A. That is tho packers squealing. Their protests drown out the squealing of the hogs they are killing. , Q. Who has been investigating thorn? A. The' Federal Trade Commission. Q. Does that explain why some of the reac tionary republican senators are demanding in vestigation of the Trade Commission? A. Yes. The reactionaries do not investigate those who plunder tho people; thsy only in vestigate tho committees and commissions that investigate, plundering. ' Q. Will the Democratic reactionaries join the Republican reactionaries in tho effort to abolish the Trade Commission? A. They want to do so. but the people may awakon before the commission can be abol ished and the reactionaries go slow when tho people are watching. Q. When should the people be on tho watch? A. All the time; vigilance is the price of liberty. W. J. BRYAN. WHY NOT JUDGE WEBB? On" another page will be found a report of Judge Webb's first charge to a jury. It is ivorth reading. Judgo Webb will be renum bered as the North Carolina congressman who gave his name to. the Webb-Kenyon law and led the fight for prohibition in tho District 01 Columbia and for the pronation amendment. The democrats seom to be at a loss for a pru dential candidate. What's tho matter wltu Judgo Wobb? AN UNPOPULAR SLOGAN '"We don't knovT where we are going l'"1 we're on the way" soems to be the platform 01 most of tho would-be cand'datos for tho demo cratic presidential nomination. It is not HKoiy to" prove a popular slogan. 1 m Mil ! I mi i ' REJECTED THE LOTTERY Great Britain has rejected the oondTJ lottrte5 scheme by a "smashing" majority in liarIi?n!f" ' Good. That is a higher moral standard uu Germany and Franco established when wj made gambling in bonds a mattor of patnui ism. fe Wi ! v4S'Mr)i'!Mfc. wjrtA4ru hfi m