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t -'wp-itfRirvx .?, tz i rMi , J: ' . .V. " ' -fKi .f t f i' r 1 "H Vii' h-t Wii I''- ' "M. ". . . . I 00 B - The WILLIAM J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR VOL 20, NO. 1 Lincoln, Nebraska, January, 1920 Whole Number 729 v "77i& are ceac f?a sought the young child's life. The National Prohibition Constitutional Amendment Becomes Effective This Day, January 16, 1920. ?? The Commoner's 20th Year In its initial number The Commoner said: "The Commoner will be satisfied if,' by fidelity to the common people, it proves its right "to. the name which has been chosen." This state ment has been reproduced at the beginning of each year, and in this, .the first issue of The Commoner's twentieth year;, attention, is again directed to it. !43f..:iiht- i ' -.w. ) - x,-.r'JhiijfLniL! 'L?-.i.,;iini i mlnrtri kfw ... 'cTrr,12i.--?7--''" nnai judgment as to wnetner xneiqnjmoncn' - Jias been true to the ideals set forth 'must be v left to its roaders, but it can not be denied the satisfaction it feels over the splendid apprecia tion and support it has received from its loyal band of followers in every state during the nine teen years of its publication, This is evidenced from the thousands of friends who have been subscribers from its first issiio. , Ao Commoner trusts that it will in the future continue to merit the same measureof devotion from its readers by being of still greater service to the people. For the year 1920, The Commoner rededicates itself to the task of championing the common in terests against the special interests. The com mon people are the bulwark of the republic; they bave no selfish interests to serve,, but they have Interests in common that must be protected; tbey want equality of opportunity, and tltey. want ' the blessings of good government for themselves and their children; they want no encroachment , Pon or abridgment of their rights by designing "miisu interests; they have no friends at court cept those who patriotically devote themselves ' "tho common interest, and their only hope is an appeal to an untrammeled political party. The Commoner will devote its constant efforts "support of the dokrine that the people are the ree of power, and that - the true function of -government is to secure the "greatest good" .to -Ifie greatest number.'' '' World Temperance Hymn Mrs. "Willinm Jennings Bryan . Tune "Materna" Our thanks wo raise, O Lord of Hosts,"" In gratitude to Thee, Whoso mighty arm has given us strength To win this victory We need Thy aid, Thy presence still, . T)o not witlistay Thy hand Till subtle foes Thy will fulfllL .itfj&j . ' Throughout our peaceful TandiVjvrawl v, fc.l.,.l)-i . - ' " I - w,iJi - -. 4 , . - , ..jsiinli morning: snn-woo irom tncctfayv Shall, raindrop cease to bless? Shall beacon send no cheering ray. . O'er wat'ry wilderness?. No more can wo refuse to share The blessings Gat bestows, To case the burdens othera bear, And lessen human wccs. f- A voice from overseas we hear, As in the days of Paul The Macedonian cry rings clear, . , A summons for us all. Then when a world reclaimed at last Is brought to Wisdom's ways, Will hosts in heaven join hosts on earth In worsliip, love and praise. TO PREVENT STRIKES ThelndustrialCommission in its report has made Wfonnffttta&&fon presenting a plan to prevo ues;Jmachinery is very complete in its"5 &s anl wjiTglve the difficulites if ac cepted. rit. pbvidesfrfor INVESTIGATION IN ALL CASES and is binding only when the award is unanimous, and then the obligation is civil and carries no penalties with it. It is worth try ing. , f- TREATY RATIFICATION URGED jjr h following is a copy of.' a telegram sent by Wa yan to soveral United States senators at wMngton, Jan. i2 urging the early ratifica-, UOn of the peace treaty: " . "I V ' t0 B y earnestly hope that it may be possible feUf? asreement on the reservations 'and can t befre next Friday 80 that our nation Hon t the Leaguo of Natjons at its first ses 5eopln Jftnuary 16. ,The Joy of the' American aa whW0Uld' X am BUro. be as universal as it WQen the armistice was" signed." CONTENTS . THE COMMONER'S TWENTIETH XEAR - NO MANDATE NECESSARY THE SILVER SITUATION- , . A PLAN FOR PHYSICAL DEVELOP MENT .- AN INDUSTRIAL PEACE PLAN ' A WORD TO THE RICH THE MEXICAN PROBLEM GORE'S REFERENDUM AMENDMENT A STEP TOWARD DEMOCRACY MR BRYAN DENIES PARTY SPLIT JACKSON DAY BANQUET AT WASHING- TON EDITORIAL COMMENT THE BURIALS OF BRYAN No Mandate Neces sary Ever and anon someono suggests that the United States should become a mandatory for some country on the theory that the country Ifi not now capable of self-government and need to bo governed while it loams to walk. It docs iotequrreVauy' extended investigation to con--vihcean"A,merlcan thatatiy marfdato- ybuTjfUS vef.y db'jectforfable to. tho American people, ' In the first place, it is contrary to tho theory upon which our government rests, and our coun try will not be willing to stop down from its high position and endorse tho doctrine upo which land-grabbing empires have tried to Justi fy tho exploitation of helpless countries. Tho pretext is resorted to by one of two classes, namely, those who use it to cover their greed and those who use it to cloak their arstocratic ideas. As our country has neither land liungor nor the aristocratic germ, thero is no reason why .we should enter upon any scheme of GOV ERNMENT WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED. In tho second place, it would In volve us in the politics of the Old World and the word "politics" over there has a very dif ferent meaning from that given to it in this country. In Europe and Asia they havo the blood ties that unite royal families, ancient race prejudices, religious antagonism and com mercial ambition. Tliey havo not yet risen, to the point of governing for the benefit of the governed. There would bo no scramble for man dates if service was the predominant idea. But service is not the predominant Idea; it Is com mercial advantage and we would at once be come involved in the schemes of the commer cial nations, each seeking an advantage over the other. We would not do justice to any ONE of the rivals without offending tho others, and we could not' favor outsiders without doing In justice to domestic interests. Having In view none of tho profits that mako a mandate a thins to be desired by European nations, we could have only a disinterested purpose and a disin terested purpose can be manifested much better in another way. The third objection to a mandate is that it is not necessary. ' The American plan is much better and therefore Is the plan that should he adopted. Our ministers to these now countries ought to chosen with special reference to the ser vice that can be rendered. AMERICA'S REP RESENTATIVE SHOULD BE A MAN THORO- StJ K f m Jift m I ,4 I 'AH if.-' a ",. ..;. . Kj '4 ?