THE ONTARIO ARGUS, THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1915.
Plants and Cut
For Cut Flowers
Carnations, per doz 85c.
Roses, per doz $2.10
Tulips, per doz 85c.
Sweet Peas, bunch, 30c.
The Ontario Floral Co.
at Arffitn Office
BRIEF NEWS NOTES OF A
WEEK FROM OVER THE STATE
'llir stair will Npetul half million
dollar on new btilldlnr tlila year.
II. K. Hendricks, 11 I.atie county plo
Ui'iT of IN4N died In Eugene, aged 7H.
Thi' On ,iii convention of the Con
pNMlMMl I'nlon will be held In I'ort
laud In June.
Iti'v. Frank Throw or Wnllowu. was
eMrctcil moderator of the liruude
Itomli' PfMkj li'i y
Tlir Degree of Honor, (irnml Lodge
Of Ori'Kon, liclil Iih t It r lay annual
sjcsmIoii In I'nrtliiinl
Tho Oregon Pioneers' nftxoHatlon
Will holil it . torn llnnl annual con
Volition In 1'iirt luixl.
The people or rioritn hlvi dccld
cil in give tlii'lr aiiuiiiil Kliiiiloiicuiliou
Cent hit I May in H
A Hinlllon show will In- hi'lil In eon
tuition with 1 1 j i 'h iifxt monthly
public Hah'H da . .ni i
Tin' .iniiii.il Institute lor tho ten h
r ol Lincoln count) will be held al
N.'wpmi April If, U and N,
'lo prole i birdM and diimli iiimnula. '
n l.iiiiniiio hkhIi hi lic.-n loiiind by
til leUl ol Hi. V 1 1 . 1 1 1 In li i" in. nl
i.. In he ail,!. I to the
Wlbllill ol iiikiii'h inhierul lemiurco
in lb net ' li. uulii r ot couinicicc at
C. Si hiiiidt, preHlilent of the r-'irat
National bank 04 Vlhati). was reelect-
d prchideiit ot the iiivi'iin Idaho exec
Utlve i llltlee ol the V M 0 A
Did lor the removal of tho old
Josephine . . 1 1 1 1 1 courthouse and for
the construction of the proposed new
in' at liraut I'as ure being adver
tised Kuyuko Kukal. a Japanese pupil ot
Che Sunuyslde school iicur Clackamas,
Is the champion speller In the fourth
and nrth Kiades lii i'Iui K.imits count)
Slo- Is 1 1 years old
A Jury al Astoria returned a erdlct
Of not guilt in the case id Sam Alak
I.. ii.i who was churned with the death
of John 'lulc drowned In Youngs Hay .
following an alienation
The Indu.siiial club enrollment t
alsmt three limes as great a It was
iasl year m Vm o county, according
lo a report irun luld Worker Marl
( State Superintendent Chun lull
Cpon recommendation ot Superln
li iidciit Mill' tiie .l.ii. board ol con
tl'ol lias adopted a unlit system for
(be penitential wlu.li is designed to
Improtc the moral ol the prlsouer.
Kx I'lcsldciit Tutt will come to I'ort
laud Augiikt M to uddreaa u joint
ineeling of (he Oregon and U ashing
ion State ll.tr association which will
liold their annual concu(lou here
itlm all, tiieoii-.it
BIG MAIL STEAMSHIP,
COMPANY TO QUIT
(Special to The Argual
Hau Kranclsco rim I'aclfic Mail
Steamship company, operating one of
tbe largest fleet of vessel flyttvg the
American flag lu foreign trade, an
ouaoed that all sailings aftei Noveui
ter t, HH6. had been cancel.: bacause
f the new seaman law. which will
go Into effect on American easels
November . 1115.
NOW is the time to plant Pansy
Plants, 1 aisies, Shasta Daisies,
Golden Glow, Paeonies, Phlox,
Bleeding Hearts and Forget-me-nots.
Leave your orders here for
your Aster Plants, Chrysanthmeum
Plants and small Geraniums to
Phone 49-J Ontario, Oregon
At a meeting of the Most-burg cnrnl
val rommlttei It waa decided to ex
tonil i In. yuar'a strawberry featival
over nearly an entire week lualeuil of
two days, an flr-a nut i. dpnted The
featlvltleH will In-Kin May 18. i
The new roinl through Cow Creek
Canyon, In southern Houglu county, i
Ik rotnpli led. The new piece of the i
I'arlflr MlKhwuy In about 2, mile In
length ami cllmlnatce Home of the
wornt Kniilea between Portland .in. I
SHn I'ruin Ihco.
(loMTiior Ithycombe bun reap
pointed Mrs lieorge T. (ierlingcr of
lialliiH a- a member of the board of
regents of the l'nleinii of Ori'Kou,
and nlo appolnled C C. Colt of I'ort
land and II II Mr Kinney of linker
member of the board.
Ir. I. I', fluxion, rolled State
roiuiulMloner or education, will ".
a aerie id three lecture during the
aosslon oi the Oregon Agricultural col
h t-i- Hummer Heboid, which open June
M and conlluuea tor six week. Dr.
ciaxlnii will hpeak on July f, li and 7.
Mat U ill be Cood ItoadH .,i In
I. Inn county. This date ha been
cIiohcii b the l.iiiu count limn a the
diiy on which all Of the rcHldciils ol
(he count), whether rcldlllK In lt
or country, will be aked to take a
holiday from ilndr usual ocutiuiiH and
labor upon the roads
The lust and longest ot the big tun
in . on the Willamette -I'aclfic ha
beeu broken through. Thl tunnel 1
the one Just south of the t'inpqua and
Is Clou feet long. Kxcavutiou work on
the other eight tunnels between the
Slusluw und Coos list Is completed
and all grading is finished.
Fifty eight accidents, none fatal
were reported to Labor Coiuinlaalouer
I lion during the week l he logging,
shingle, box factory and sawmill actlv
I Itle caused a total of JO accidents,
while IN mishaps occurred among
those employed by railroad Six were
Injured in paper mills. The other c
cldent Included u wide range of oc
li, ml -'.OOn.uOu trout eggs have been
taken at the Spencer Creek hatchery
near klttniath Falls, and It I hoped
to get about it, ("Hi. out) before the
spawning season closes About Mt,
Htm eggs will be hatcln d lit the Spell
cer Creek halchert and the remainder
will be shipped to the Hoiiuevllle
hatchery as soon as they are eyed. It
Is expected that, after the eggs are
hatched ami the )ouug fish reach the
fiugerllng stage, a large number of
them will be returned to Klamath
county to be liberated lu the streams
FOR BRITISH ARMY I
tSpecial to The Argus.)
Kansas City -Orders for 10,000
mules for use in the British army have
been plact-d with livestock dealers by
agents of the Hrltlsh government, ac
cording to aiiiiouuceoieui wade here.
r0l SAIK M nice shoats, J. J.
Dillard, 4 miles west e Ontario. Id t?.
PLAN TO LOAN
(Special to The Argus.)
Albany. How Oregon counties may
aecure nionoy for road bulldltiK with
out issuance ol bonds or the payment
of (liferent ha been explained to the
Albany commercial club by represen
tatives of the United States forest
service The Albany club I taking
atcpH to Interest other commercial
clubs of the ntate and the county
courts In tin project.
1'nder present laws, 35 per cent of
the amount received from the sale of
timber and lauds In the forest reserves
and also from rental go to the coun
ties In which the timber Is situated
for Improvement of roads and schools.
The new plan contemplates louns by
the government to auch counties for
road building, the loans to be repaid
from future sales. Thus the people
would be receiving Immediate bene
fits from the big timbered an us which
may not be sold for year.
The plan wus outlined to the Albany
commercial club by Charles II Flory,
of Portland. assUtunt district forester.
The club pass, d a rcHolution favoring
the pi hi and bus decided to limugurutc
a ciunpalKii to Interest the commercial
of the stale and the count)
urts also In u movement favoring
the enactment of the plan Into law by I
!'.. i.i i.... i..
congress. I In- Oregon delegation In
congress espet lull) will be appealed
to in the matter.
SUBSTITUTES FOR POTASH.
There seems to be no real sub
stitute for mm men-lit I potash
that will be u tillable this year
at reasonable prices, tii.m Hoard's
It 1 generally recommended
that Hidphate of potash Is the
desirable form for use In pota
to outturns, while wood ashes, be
cause they seem to create condi
tions fa toi able to the growth of
scab, do not make a good form
Iu view of the above facts we
suggest the use of well rotted
manure this spring or of a field
that wns manured last fall. If
this Is not available nnd the land
needs re eiitoiceiueiit Ultrnte of
soda, tankage und ucld phosphate
tuny ho used. We would omit
the use of potash entirely this
year unless It can be procured nt
a reasons h'o price.
It I quite possible that deeper
plowing will bring up to the sur
face an additional supply of pot
ash that will be suthvlent for
the next few years.
Clean nud whitewash your poul
Dust the sitting hen with In
sect powder before giving her
Buy a few sitting of eggs for
hutching er some baby chick If
you wish to Improve your stock.
iKs-ide to liK'reaae egg produc
tion next season. Give this prob
lem all the time you cau spare
Mate early layers with a good,
vigorous male, allowing him from
ten to fifteen pullets. Breed
from young males rather than
from two-year or three-year
corr of tools.
Since tools are only half worn
out hy use It la found that the
coat of replacing tools on the
small farm la aeverul times us
inip li to the acre ns on the large
place. The small scale farmer
n mis that bla tools becomu use
less about as quickly as those
kept on larger places, and since
he hns applied them on s much
smaller nreu his cost of opera
tion has i en Increased accord
ingly. The n vera ge fnrm of the Unit
ed States hns about $200 Invcst
isl In tools and equipment. If
use of these Is not more than no
per cent cfTlrlent this single Item
In the cost of production of
crops needs close attention.
i 'cpi-ei i-iii,.ii on a ten dollnr
plow Is 8." cents n year; the In
terest charge Is 33 cents. The
cost is more than twice ns great
on small farms ns on those that J
are larger. Country Gentleman. X
APPLICATION OF LIME.
Much Error and Confusion on His Sub
ject of Various Preparations.
Everylwdy Is familiar with lime. It
Is one of the commonest of substances.
Its Importance in sweetening the so,
so tliat the clovers and alfalfa will do
well In If, Is also well known to every
Intelligent fanner. Hut we venture t
slut., flint there are more error nnd
confusion In the minds of Intelligent
men on tho subject of the vnrlous lime
preparations than on any other famil
Here are a few things which the
reader may or may not know:
Itnw ground llmestono has leen
found better In the long run than
burnt lime. It may not give ninrked
benefit so soon, but It will not burn
up the organic matter In the soil. It
cannot possibly do harm, and the burnt
lime can and often does
The limestone docs not need to be
.n -lied as finely as many suppose,
though tho finer the better, but If aa
fine as coarse comment It will dis
solve slowly nnd sweeten the soil.
A ton of raw ground llmestono will
go ns far aa 1.120 pounds of fresh
Hydrated lime Is simply burnt lime
which has bad about a third of its
weight III water added Most lime sold
ns "agricultural lime" Is nothlug inure
or less than limn which has Iss-n thus
wnlered ami ground.
It take MHO pounds of this agri
cultural Unto to g s fur In sweeten
ing the soli us l.l'-'O pounds of fresh
burnt lime. And 1,120 pounds of one
or 1,4m) pounds of the other are equal
In sweetening power to a tun of ground
A Safety Milk Stool.
A kicking cow I an aggravation,
css"'hillv If she be one of those val
uable animals that really must be kept
for what she doe to boost the month
ly cream chei I. Here Is a inTlkiiig
stool that will keep her from upsetting
the milker and the milk pull when she
ha one "of her spells " It will also
make It easier for tile milker, u he
will not have to bold the pall Is-tween
his knees In order to have both hands
free for the inllklug.
The device Is In the form of a milk
stool which keep the pnll close to the
cow's udder ami at the same ttide
holds It so that there Is little danger
of Its being knocked over. The front
leg of the stool has a projecting rest
I upon which the pall Is placed to keep
i It from the ground The front 1 hol
lowed to motive the pall, which la
I held tu place by a wire loop. The
! thing la so simple that nny one who
i read this page and In future meets
with the old time accident becauee of
neglect to use this device deserves all
he or she gets.
This device Is easily made and has
shown Its value under actual milking
lot conditions. I'aiui rrogresa.
TIMELY GARDEN HINTS.
Uet ready to spray the orchard.
Lettuce, radishes aud ouloua may be
sown lu the hotbed as aoou as It La
Uo over all garden aud Held equip
ment and see that everything Is ready
Cuttings of coleua, petunias nud oth
er beddlug plauts may be made now.
1 Kuble port ului a, annual delphinium,
cnlllopsls, African daisy and stock are
good annuals to plant
Plant a few berbaceeua perennial
(lowering pluuts this spring, such as
pyrethrum, boltonla. Iris or even some
of the lilies, such aa Ulluin elegana.
A few good raspberry plants do not
take up much room or require a great
deal of care, but they do furnish a
very pleasing fruit In their season.
Hotbeds may be started now, un
leas the weather la unusually cold.
See that about eighteen Inches of well
tramped, heating manure Is lu the
ts'ttoin of the frame. Bank the frame
well with straw or dry' manure -Le-Roy
Cady, Associate Horticulturist
UalToratty rsnu. St I'aui.
I ' M-----fr4
: t-'.-: . ,j -,.'.-;-i .-:-; . :-; ..;-. . . . .
Idle Lands Can Bs Improved Until
Thoy Become Profit Bearing.
We hear many uncomplimentary
things snld nbont the unprofitable dairy
cow the boarder cow tbnt Is supported
from the profits of the renin Indcr of the
herd, snys .1. C. McDowell In the Farm
Management Monthly. On many farms
the uuprolitnlilc dairy cow Is not by
:my ineniia the only boarder. Low yield
ing acres, like boarder cows, are often
fatnl to successful farming. Our farm
survey records show tlnit nivns of poor
ly draliiid. compact, sour soils, or soils
low In humus greatly reduce net profit
and Ml I frequent cause of minus la
bor Income. Sometimes these records
diow that ns much ns M per cent Of
the entire farm acreage does not pro
duce enough to pay Its wny.
One farm on which we recently took
records lias forty ncres of poorly drain
ed land that in Its present condition I
practically worthless. Twenty-five dol
lars t acre spent In drainage will
cm iiiikiiahi.b Acuivt i an lis H.tnatiuir-
mnke this forty ncro tract the equal of
any In (but district, and goed laud Is
selling there nt si..u per acre.
The successful business man tries to
weed out all unprofitable enterprises
and to expand those that pay n profit
I'npri 'Stable acres cannot always be
iIi-i-'-m d of as readily as boarder cuts.
but usually tlmy can be Improved until
tbey become profit bearing. If the In
come from such bind cannot be In
creased It Is quite sisslble that the
labor spent Usm It can be reduced tin
til the Income at least pSf the cost of
The New Jersey experiment station
declares that spinach should be sowu
broadcast on froxeu ground In Febru
ary and Immediately covered to the
depth of one Inch with well rotted
stable ma nine Sow about one pound
of seed to 1.000 square feet of ground
Thick Leaf I the beat variety for this
purpose. Spinach sown In this way
will grow larger nnd heavier than
spring sown spinach.
spinach likes a rich, well drained
soil. The ground should be sweet
snd quite hard for best results. Top
dress every ten days with nitrate of
soda. Ave pounds to every 1,000 square
feet, being careful not to let the ni
trate lodge on the large spinach leaves
or thoy will hnve white spots burned
flff Ul Brn . v , , a y irf fif J
t nMNaffj. a, M) . eBBHai MMctT-tjI aTlal
i . - - 1H
I will be in Ontario Tuesday, February
9th, and will buy your Poultry at mar
ket price. I will also be in Ontario
Tuesday of each week, through spring
and summer. Will make headquarters
at American Express. DIIT BOISE
J. H. FARLEY
FUNERAL DIRECTOR AND ENBALMER
Personal Attention Given To All Fvnerals
Promptly Day Or Night
FIGHT THE CHINCH RUO.
While worrying nliont foot nnd
mouth disease don't forget the
lowly little chinch bug. The
state entomologist. Dr. Forbes,
reports thnt forty-five counties
in Illinois have been Insisted,
and It Is found thnt the chinch
bugs are now in winter quarters,
ready to come out In spring nnd
begin their depredations. The
southwestern part of the state,
as usual, will be most nffected.
With the price of grain ns It Is
ot present It Is going to lie worth
while to got out tills year nnd
Unlit this chinch bug post
It won't do much good for one
farmer to work nt this Job un
less lie hns the help of Ids neigh
bors. It Is u community propo
sition Last year some 1900
miles nf barrier against chinch
biers viis laid to protect corn
Holds, and It Is roughly estitil.lt-
J eil that something morn million
bushels of coin was saved by It
J The plans of IN." chinch bug are
nil made. What plans hns your
jl town made to thwart lt?-Ornnge
Judd I iiniii'i
SOY BEANS AND CORN.
. Experiment In Rotation Made on Fifty
Aore Clover Field.
I In it fifty acre clover field thirty
! ncres were plowed ns rapidly ns tho
I hay crop was removed nnd liumodl-
I ntely dragged to conserve moisture,
I says a contributor to the Country QsjE
tlemnn. The soli wns n low lying1
black loam nnd wns prcpnnsl ns for
com. An early variety of soy bonus
wns planted with n two horse wheat
drill, the work being finished nn July
4. A Itermiie openings In the drill were
closed, nnd half s bushel of seed was
used to the sere.
Keen use of the Into plowing weed
growth did not bother, nnd nil tho cul-
, tlviitlou given wns with a spike tooth
I harrow, which was passed ever the
field twice In the direction of plant
ing. Cure wns taken not to harrow
early lu the day, as the plants sre
quite tender until six or eight Inches
On Oct. It) ltt spring pigs, weighing
an nvcrnge of ninety pounds each,
wen- turned Into the field to pasture
on ripening soys nnd the twenty ncres
of second growth clover. Thoy were
also red u light com ration. The
gains during the next two months
were splendid, und f'JL.V) an ncro In
pork wus ronllred from the soys nfter
the market price of corn fed wns do
The following spring the entire Ofty I
acre field was phinted to corn. The
thirty ncres whore soys grow were
disked twice and tlnod and leveled by
dragging. The disking was rapidly
nnd easily iiix-ompllslicd, the ground
warimsl enrl.v. nud there wns a large
accumulation of crop residue from the
soys nml immure from the hog. The
clover sod wus plowed und prepared
III the usual way. The soil of the field
wns of like cbiii-ni'ter. but there wns a
nun ked difference In the yield of corn,
that mi the soy beau land being much
The rotation follow el coimudcs In
Isir In the hprlng and produces three
crops hay. soys and corn lu two
years with BBS BtOWtagi lu a latitude
no further north limn central Indiana
such nn 1 1 - can be profitably pruc
! tlced. The only objectlonnblo feature
is thnt too much hot. heavy work I
thrown together In midsummer com
cultivation, clover hay making, break
ing clover stubble nud planting soys.
From the standpoint of soil improve
ment the method I admirable.
Roada Oppose Rivsr Improvements.
Washington Senator Chamberlain,
of Oregon chairman of the senate mil
itary affair committee, lu a statement
given out here declared that the trans
continental railroads are behind the
opposition to inland waterways Im
provement 120,000,000 Order for War Material.
New York An order for 5tO,OUO,000
worth of wht material waa received by
the Ualdwlu Ian mtioMt . works.
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