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TUE 0NTAH10 AK(j UN, ONTARIO, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1920.
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Published Thursdays nt Ontario, Oregon, and ontorod at tlio Ontario post office for distribution as 2nd class mattor. Aitaua vuiiusiiiNo company Publishers 0. K. AIKEN, Managing Editor T. Mol'AULIN aOUQH, Sup't. SUDSCIUPTION. Ono Year, J2.00 WIMj IT U'OIIK? Wlion tlio cattlemen begin to talk about co-oporatlon to tlio ilogrco proposed nt tlio Hums convention, which would ultimately ollmlnnto tlio middleman as n factor In putting their product on tlio block In tlio lo cal meat tnnrkot it Is tlmo thnl (ho packers begin to aggltnto their think Ing machinery, for the stockmen nro inoro to ho foarod than tlio federal trndo commission. Tlio proposition advanced nt Hums sounds somewhat socialistic It Is truo but It has possibilities and tlio cattle buslnoss bus admittedly reached u point whero the moro fact that the profforod remedy does run contrary to what many bollovo to ho the only way of doing things Is not going to ho a bar to Its trial. It must bo admitted that tlio Idea of parting company with tlio stook yards companies, tlio cuiiiiiiIsmIoii men and all tlio others with whom tlio stockmou hnvo boeu awoolated during nil those years Is not tlio re sult of hasty action, It Is hut n hope upon which Its propononts hunk to tmvo tho buslnott of producing meat from destruction. That tho plan Is fraught with mi olomout of dangor Is admitted by ov en Us most anient supporter, for tho packors nml tho commission man are woll Intrenched. Of course the cattlemen do not oxpeel to put tho prosont distribution system In tho limbo uf dopartod specie II Is not uocossnry to go that far to uchlavo their purpose, oven u mensuro of success wllll securo' tho results It Is doslred to obtain. Tho scheme of courso Is Imsod on tho old Idea of co-oporntlon that bus worked successfully In Kurnpoau countries, ospcclally In Itussln. Hut tharo It Is worked among n far dif ferent people than thu stookmou of Orogou. Tharo tho loaders nro fow and tho followers nro loglou. In the rnugo country of tho Wont nearly ev ory cattlomuu Is n loader. Ills life has mailo him Imlupomloiit and re sourceful, hu Is not, nt least In tho past Iiiih not, been pronn to mergu his Intcrosts oven with his associates and therefore will be a harder man to lead In such u movement tlian tho docllo European. And It is nn ax iom of co-operative movements that tho leadership must bo vested with almost dictatorial powers. Without it thoro can bo no succoss in such nn offort. This of courso Is tho personal oquntlon that prosonts lttlt for solu tion In ovory such offort. It is oap nhlo of solution If npproaohod In tho right mnnnor by tho right kind of n mnnngor. That Is tho rub. Whero will tho cattlemen find tho idoal In dividual to carry on their work? How long will tho independent, self sufficient cattlomuu tnkn orders from somo distant mnnagar, whom psr hnps ho doos not know, but who will toll him Just when and whore he Is to ship his cnttlo and how many he Is to ship nnd In what condition thoy must ho oro thoy will bo accepted at nil? And Hint Is Just what tho succoss of tho movoment will demand. That tho public would profit by the succoss of tho scheme Is undoubted, the possibilities of co-operation are unlimited, hut it calls for n rare do groo of managerial ability and a sur render of control over his business by tho Individual. Hut even If It ac complishes nothing moro than' bring ing abont n number of needed re forms In tho marketing of livestock It wilt have Jmtllled thu efforts of its champions. CIIUHIIINU HAItNHV COUNTY Central Oregon Is facing tho most sorlous menace that has confronted that region In nil Its history, nnd It Iihs been bold back by many sorlous obstacles In Hint tlmo to. The latest enemy Is that unreasonable foniitn elsm which would create the Hooso vqlt bird rosorvo of not only the wat er of Mnlhour and Harney lakes, so onlled. but would provent thu use of tho wntors of tholr trlbutnry streams for tho Irrigation of tho fertile acres of Harney county. It tho proposed Inltlntlvo measure backed by tho sportsmen of Portland nnd Klnley the deposed Stnto Hlolog 1st, Is approved by tho pcoplo of Oro- Nationalized Eleven Years rRGINALLY we were a pri- vate Bank, but in 1909 we nationalized. We are members of the Federal Reserve System and under U. S. Government Protection. ? YOUR business invited I Ontario National Bank f OLDEST HANK IN GRANT. HARNEY nnd MAl.HEUlt t COUNTIES ..$--$M-.H-t.j-i-M-i-H-t-4"M-J-Ht-i-i-l-l-t-l-H-4J--?'H-H-l-i-J-l-M-M'l tmsus mr wi'itfiwr c- n Is "Cheap" Twine Cheap? A FARMER bought 6 bales of chenp twine 288 lbs., net. It checked short nn nvcrnge of 30 feet to the lb. 8,640 feet in 6 bales, or the equivalent of 7( lbs. of 500-ft. standard twine. He harvested his wheat crop using this twine. There were 1 35,360 feet of twine (deducting shortage) in the 6ba!es enough to tie67,680bundle3 of grain (allowing 2 feet of twine for n bundle). But 6 of the bundles (5,414) were broken due to twine being weak nnd uneven. The hired harvest hands lost un nvcrnge of one minute's time tying each broken bundle by hand 5,414 minutes, or n total of over 90 hours. In addition, 2 of the broken bundles (108), representing approx imately 54 bushels of wheat, were lost because the loose grnin was not picked up cleanly by the hired hnr vest hands. NOW let us see how his loss-nnd-gain account figures out on this twine investment: Me saved i cents n pound on the original cost of the twine by buy ing nn inferior grade instead of guar anteed International Harvester twine a saving of $4.50 on 6 bales. This represents his total gain. In saving $4.50 to start with, he lost in the end: 8,640 ft. shortage, or the equiva lent of 7 lbs. of guaranteed average 500-ft. twine. 90 hours' time of harvest hands at the prevailing high wage scale. by, bushels of wheat at $2.25 n bushel or $12.37. Figure out for yourself the total losses the money squandered by this farmer to save $4.50 rii in significant cent-and-a-half n pound on the original cost. Don't you think it would have been much more economical for this farmer to have paid n little more for his twine to begin with nnd bought good twine twines of International Harvester manufacture that aver ages full 500-ft. to the pound nnd has but a very low percentage of breakage? For Real Economy use International Twine We bell It TROXELL IMPLEMENT CO., ONTAEIO, OREGON Ttkeyourc"- - ....' r( 1- (, but duo id . .... t mUiwIum th.oU.I-l . . i .. - . iMbloyau la cny . -o'n i , u'9l wlla tha ui it, ,. I - - i"IAiw -4 ttortf ttxev.. -U 4JILk,(.l ..i, mlothll. .. ' jUSASU3S'!1VA1R' gon nil tho work of thirty yours will ho wiped nwny nnd Harney county might ns wolt ho nlmmloncd by Its pcoplo and loft ns tho parndlso for wnter fowl, Jack rabbits and coyottoH whoso Interests, In tho minds of tho proponents of this legislation takes precodanco ovor that of tholr follow men. Tho lato and lamented President whoso namo Is thus mado tho cloak to cover this daninablo outrago, wo bollovo would If ho woro alive, fight this measure Tho ho was ono of tho most ardent of bird lovers, nnd know moro nhout thorn than any man In America, snvo John llnrrougliH and ono or two other naturalists, ho too wob a groat lover of the West and un anient champion of Its do volopmont. Tho greatest monument to bis con strticttvu vision, hcsldo tho Panama cnnnl la tho ltoosovolt dam In Ari zona, which stores tho water thnt transforms tho deserts Into fertllo Holds for tlio beneficial ubo of man kind, and makes homes for thous ands of Independent Americans. Thoro Is no doubt but that such n man would ho using his boundless onorgy to fighting tlio proposals of tho Idealist who would condemn for all tlmo tho fertllo acres of Harney valley to the wator fowl thut inlgrnto nnniiully, whlto thoy might bo mndo tho abode of thousands of uion wo men and children tho year round. Ono of tho worst features of tho scbenio Is thnt tlio proponents nro In fact deceiving tho pcoplo who nro not In n position to bo In possession of tho facts, or to toarn of tho exact situation. In tho first place thoy nro using tho word lako In a most liberal construction. Those bodies of wator nro not Inkos, uovor hnvo boon. At liest thoy tiro only tulo swamps fed by streams thut nro dry part of tho your nnd by seepage wnter thnt hns boon used tor Irrigation. Hvou If all tho water of tlio tributary streams were stored for Irrigation and so used It would find Its way afterward to those low lands and tho lovol of tho Hwumps would thus bo practical ly maintained. Hut In tho mean time the surrounding lands would bo mndo productive. Klnley and bis sportsmen frlonds do not explain tills fact to thoso who roud not know It unless told. Thoy do not explain thnt thoro Is no pro posal mado to drain tho lakes, In fact thoy nay there Is, when such talk was nbaudoiiad ycitrs ago, wlion It was found to bo entlroly unpractical. nnd his frlonds know this yet they continue tho deception. And It Is tho duty of Mnlhour county moil nnd wo iiihii who know tho facts to combat tho work of thoso fanatics. If tho people on tho other sldo of tho Cas cades who hnvo so long been liullfTor nt to Intorosts of Kastorn Oregon will but loom tho truth of this situ ation thoro will bo no barrier placed In Harney's path of progress mid wo hero In Mnlhour county should glvo till the nsslstanco posslblo to nld our western nolghhor nt this tlmo. AM KM) Till! I'ltlMAHV IUW That thoro should bo a change In tho nrosent Oregon primary law will ho ndmlttod by ovory ono who has paused for a moment to cousldor the absurdities that hnvo resulted from tho election which took place two weeks ngo. In tho first nlaco tho date should bo changed so thnt tho peoplo will know who has boon solected to do tholr bidding, nt least In tlmo so those who nro solected will bo able to muko the trip to tho convention city nnd not bo In doubt ns to wheth er or not thoy nro really elected ns delogntee. And again when there Is not n majority for any of tho providential candidates, tlio plurality vote' should pot be considered ns binding upon the delegates for oven the first bal lot Such an amendment would pro vent tho recurroiieo of tho Inconsist ent position In which nil of the dol omites to Hie convention (hit enr uro placed, especially Wallace Me t'ammant ivluf announced In ad vance thut he ah opposed to tho candidacy of lllrun Jonuoon. Slnco tho primary law Is developing so many defects Its friends should bostlr themsolvof to save it from the glaring errors Into which Its use bus fallon If thoy do not the tlmo Is not far distant when it will bo mod ified by tlio.o who uro not In sym pathy with It at nil. WAI.KI.llS im:waui. Ono of theso days Tho Argus ex pects to bo called upon to give an account of the death of rome man. woman or child who cumo to his or hor ond by being run down on tho pavement on Culifomla avenue this side of the hospital. Somehow the peoplo, many of them, have tho iden thnt tho pavo ment was laid for pedestrians, and are using It as n sidewalk. Since ' i. .11- no lights to horald their lorathm. and many times 'the blind ing lights of approaching cars al most blinds a driver causing him to misjudge the distance of pedes trians even wlion ho sees them. There U another thing about the effects of nuto lights on this road; tho color of tho pavement and thnt of tho gravel along tho edgo Is so noarly Identical 'that a driver Is not certain when ho Is to tho Hldo of tho pavement and this, too, Is going to cntiHo. accidents unless tho drivers nro cnroful. OREGON NORMAL SCHOOL Six Weeks Summer Term, IJ)20 Entrance and Enrollment June 21, 1920 COURSES 1. Regular: Practically nil of those offered during tho rugulnr session. 2. Special Metheds: (a) In different subjects for nil the grades from 1 to 8 inclusive; (b) For rural schools; (c) for principals and city superintendents 3. Elementary teachers' training ceurse: All subjects required by law for the elementary teachers training course. liogulnr Term !le;iiis Sepi. 20, 1!)2() Will to tti Itrit-Utriir for CnUtutr. iinimiiiiiim J ii1 n i ii in1 m Exact Heat ill ft? Instant Electric cooking is exact, for it may be perfectly controlled. ' Encli switch is so arranged that It wil provide for three degrees of heat. Therefore, you wil be ablli to make nn exact allowance of time for every dish, as the', temperature developed is always tho same This control means economical opera tion ns medium heat, uses" but one-half ns much electricity as high, while low heat uses one-half as much as'medlum. Tlftit is tho reason tho electric cooking expense is so moderate. When you call wo will toll you about tho economy, and other features of electric ranges, Ask About Our Partial Payment Plan ELECTRIC SHOP IDAHO POWEU COMPANY By actual tests By exhaustive study and engine tests, our Board of Lubrication Englr. .rs bus determined the correct consistency of Zerolene for your mrice of automobile. Its recommendations are av'tjb'e for you in the Zerolene Correct Lubrication Charts. Get one for your car at your dealer's or our nearest station. Use ZercJene ,' the Correct Lubrication of your nuto mobile, truck or tractor, , STANDARD OIL, ' OMPANY (C.lfor.U) tc.ULH.1, wm . . . 4 f CI AlUla l.. .AVrjV JFAtrrs vAim.mt j K.e -is&ss.Ksr kKV"k Agradejfbr earn type 1M Kji w bJB m 0. H. TEST, SPECIAL AGENT STANDARD OIL CO. ONTARIO, :: OREGON rr -r-irrf iiifn-ff1V,,w ?&ME22 "