OCR Interpretation

Dakota farmers' advocate. (Canton, S.D.) 18??-1890, July 18, 1890, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065126/1890-07-18/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Mr. Laaui ftAm&^the Independent Nomina-
I am/, 7e//s Me
Other Intonating and Important Communi
Iff* p' 0ations From Various Parte of the:.:
desire, through
3'our columns, to express my appreciation
of, distinguished honor confered upon
!$5yni® by the Independent Convention at
Huron by selecting me as a standard
{v tearer of the new party, a party enuncia
SJ",Wg princlnj* %t underlie the founda
Ij -^iqn of oy:^Pjtef kment. and. advocating
|£a policy wn^Bpf udopted, -will speedily
'Makes own pilule prosperous.
4 .v-. Abolition of the National Banks, regu
:^tion and contraction of co-operative pow
become necessary that they may no
er longer oppress and robe the soils of toil.
I do not accept the nomination to gratify
a lust for office, but for the great desire I
have to serve my fellow laborers, and
help them out of their present .depressed
'condition I am- determined to lend my
best efforts, however roughly or unpolisli
ed in manner, to the upbilding of a third,
political party in this country. It is now
apparent to every reasoning and think
ing persons, that the two old political
parties have outlived their usefullness,
that, while their threadbare creeds, their
large professions and little deiids, are
struggling in their selfish strife, Freedom
weeps, wrong rules the land, and waiting
justice sleeps and thus will it ever be un
til our yqung party is crystalized, by a
union unadulterated, in 'the in
otf&Ja*nernment. That such a
union is\j)A^Pvapidly consummated, is
evident allwer this country, and if the
Independent party will but stand firm in
its principles, agitate, educate and culti
vate an undying hatred for all treacher
ous monopoly combinations it will be but
a short time before a political cyclone will
pass over this country and snatch from
the uncompromising Shy locks, the scep
ter that means the control of this country
people, to whom it belongs. We* have
long enough submitted to legislation that
does naught but bind new burdens upon
the shoulders of labor, and if the people
Jir* will become aroused, cut loose from the
two old parties tluit are equally rotten,
both seeking to serve Shylock and mono
ply, and join the ranks of the Independ
ent party, which, from its very inception
has fought every abuse, we will, inspired
by the spirits of our fathers, roll back
this tide of oppression, and in fact and
deed carry out the principles upon which
the goveia®^vas founded. We will
then brinJ^MpFqual and exact justice
to all anil ^Bu special privileges to none.
fE Fellow citizens, I desire to say to you
that, having been a ladorer and producer
all my life, I believe I know something of
your wants and necessities. It is a fraud
and delusion practiced upon the soverigns
of this country, for men to come before
you claiming that only professional men
(non-producers) can represent your inter
est and mine in the legislative branches
-of this government, and if ever the
wrongs of the producing,' tax-paying and
^over-burdened classes of this Nation are
righted, it must be done through repre
mS£' sentatives in the lialls of our legislative
bodies representing your interest, and not
by professionals (none producers) repre
senting the interest of confederated mono
iply and the monied interests of this
In consequence of my inability to meet
you all. to discuse the great questions in
volved in the independent party platform,
I take this method of placing my views
before the voters of this State, believing
with the immortal Lincoln that indeed
this should be "A government of the peo
ple bjvthe people and for the people."
Sincerely yours
A Correspondent Telia of tho Good it Has Done In
Lincoln Township.
respondence: The Methodist congrega
ii of this township have just closed an
'interesting camp meeting at Lincoln Cen
ter. The meeting was conducted by
Elder Norville, of Lennox, llev. Xicker
son. of Beresford and others from differ
ent parts of the country. The meeting
lasted nearly a week and was largely at
tended. Sunday was the biggest day and
the attt*ndance was estimated at some
thing like six or seven hundred. The
meeting was held in Jerry Woodly's
beautiful grove near the Maple Grove
post office. It was not a camp meeting of
that lively and aggressive character
usually prevalent in Methodist camp
meetings, but it was orderly, and ani
mated by a spirit of christian propriety of
y*s that was heartily appreciated by
our people, but only a few' converts were
made. It lias left much good seed among
us, however, and the good people WJK
were instrumental in holding if merit
the thanks of all their fellow citizens.
On* of Hli Jeighbon for Twenty Tow* Spetka la
Hii Fnii.
ERS'ADVOCATE: I see that F. A. Lea
vitt of our place has received the nomina
tion for congressman.
We know Mr. Leavitt—lived near him
for years and he is one of the most promi
nent men in our county a gentleman
and if elected, will do justice to the peo
ple. He is no detriment to the republic
an party and I know personally-many
good republicans who will support the
honorable gentlemen. I wish him full
support of the republican party. Some
papers speak against, him on very poor
grounds. It will be well to inquire in
regard to his standing. He is the great
est Alliance and prohibitionist worker in
our county and does not throw any dis
respect on the anti-alliance or anti-prohi
bitionist, and wishes all a better and
more prosperous life. I CAN SEE.
How it it Progressing and Wist the Company Pro
poses to ]o.
EDEX. July 12.—-Special Correspond
ence—The new warehouse project Hinder
consideration by the farmers of thislocal
ity is assuming practical proportions and
it now begins to look as if the enterprise
would soon be numbered among the
things that exist in our little town. A
company has been organized, composed
of a large number of our best farmers,
with a capital stock of $10,000. The
company will be incorporated for the pur
pose of carrying on a general grain, stock
and farm produce business. It is pro
posed to build a warehouse 24x00 feet 12
feet high with a capacity of something
over 10,000 bushels, -which, it is thought,
will answer all the requirements of the
company. The enterprise is looked forth
to with a great deal of satisfaction by our
people and will be the means of bringing
thousauds of dollars in trade to our town.
ions in the Repnblioas Oancns.
The republican caucus for the selection
of eleven delegates to the republican
county convention from this city, was
held at the old court house last Saturday
night. Wm. Cuppett acted as chairman
of the meeting and M. E. Rudolph, secre
tary. Notwithstanding the fact that the
old ringsters, who have usually succeed
ed in getting their men nominated, were
there in great numbers, the laboring, men
and their friends thwarted them in their
old game of springing a ticket at the last
moment, and accordingly succeeded in
nominating their men, all but one. There
was much interest manifested on both
sides and the caucus was the best at
tended '"of any ever held" as Deacon
Nash said''since we've become a state."
The following are the delegates selected
to the county convention: Win. M. Cup
pett, y. 13. (Jarver. X. M. Jacobson. H.
C. Hichborn, G.^V. Naylor. Oley Thomp
son, (). R. Isackson, G. Satrairg, 1. N.
Martin, J. W. Hewitt and L". 1!. Str&w.
Resolutions were adopted favoring the
renomination of O. S. Gilford to Congress
and instructing the delegates to the
county convention to act accordingly.
The Farmors of This Locality Will Not Start a
Fifteen of the most prominent leaders
of the Farmer's Alliance met at the court
house Saturday afternoon for the purpose
of organizing a stock company to do a
general grain and stock business in this
city the coming season. President Shel
don of the county alliance presided, and
the feasibility of the project was care
fully discussed—pro and con, after which
it was decided that owing to the fact that
it is now getting late, the enterprise could
not be consummated before it was neces
sary to be prepared for business. The
meeting therefore adjourned without tak
ing any action. It is expected that the
matter will be again taken up late in the
fall and then pushed to success before
harvest next vear.
UEI.OIT, Io. July 14.—Special Corres
pondence—The Rev. Jesse Cole," presiding
elder of the Ft. Dodge district of the
Methodist Episcopal church, conducted
quarterly meeting services at this place
yesterday. He is regarded as one of the
ablest preachers in the State and de
livered a fine sermon to a large and ap
preciative audience, after which he ad
ministered the sacrament of the Lord's
Supper to the congregation.
An Illinois Republican Congressman Uncon
sciously Exposes A Piece of
Indisputable Evidence That An Important
U. 8. 8tatute Has Been A Victim
of the Forgererfi Handyworh.
Several allusions have been made in
certain reform papers, challenging the
legality of the issue of a large part of the
present United .. States bonds. For the
purpose of giving the facts as near
as possible in regard to this matter,
that portion of Hon. Ralph Plumb's
speech which treats of this bond issue is
quoted below. Mr. Plumb was a repub
lican member of congress from Illinois,
and delivered this speech in the house,
March 5, 1888. Previous to this, he had
carefully and thoroughly investigated all
the details connected with this, issue of
bonds, and gives the result of the exami
nation and the laws bearing upon the
subject in a most logical manner./ He
In the act of 1800 the text reads, "but
none of said interest-bearing obligations,"
etc., referring, no doubt, to bonds then
outstanding whereas in the Revised
Statutes "said" and insert "the" so that
it reads, "none of the interest-bearing
obligations," etc. which must refer to all
such as were issued, or to be issued under
any law that had been or might be passed
by congress.
I come now, Mr. Chairman, to the con
sideration of the act passed July 14, 1870,
known as tlie refunding act, under which
the 4 per cent bonds, so called, -were is
sued, and with the indulgence .of.fthe
committee I. will make a brief st&f£irfeht
of facts, such as I desired to make some
days ago in respect to the variance found
to exist between the law' as* passed by
congress and as it is published in the
statutes at large. An editorial in a prom'
inent public journal, which claimed that
the law as found in the statutes authoriz
ed the secretary Of treasury to call for re
demption outstanding bonds in. the order
gate that question, and in doing so I de
termined to examine carefully the refund
ing act of July 14, 1870, and all the facts
attending its passage. In thus pursuing
the investigation I noticed that the report
of the committee of conference .between
tlie two Houses on the funding bill, and
which was .agreed to in the House of Rep
resentatives by a yea-and-nay vote, in
providing for issuing one thousand mil
lions of 4-per cent bonds, declared that
said bonds were "redeemable at tlie pleas
ure of the United States for thirty years
from the date of their issue," while in the
act as published in the Statutes at Large
the preposition "for"' is omitted and "af
ter" is inserted in its stead. This essen
tial variance between the act as voted up
on and as printed in the Statutes at large
so interested me that I determined to as
certain. if possible, which was correct,
and for that purpose went to the State
Department there examined the en
rolled bill as signed by the Speaker of the
House, the President of the Senate, and
as approved by the President. To my
great surprise I found that the word "for"
as above described had been erased and
the word "after" inserted in its stead, so
that the enrolled bill reads "after" in
stead of "for."
Thinking it possibltj that the enrolling
clerk had found that the record made by
the Secretary of the Senate contained the
word "after" and had made the erasure
and alteration in the bill before it was
signed, I next had recourse to the records
made by both the secretary of the Senate
and the clerk of the House in the original
daily journals of the proceedings of their
respective bodies, a certified copy of
which is before me. and in both these
original records the word "for" stands
unaltered, just as it was when the yeas
and nays were recorded on the final 'pas
sage of the bill, and presumably as it was
when the enrolled bill was signed.
Mr. Chairman, it would be difficult to
find in our language two words with more
opposite definitions than these preposi
tions "for" and "after." Webster says,
"The radical sense of 'for' is to go, to pass
to advance, to reach or stretch." and that
it signifies '•during." and Worcester
adopts the same definition. On the other
hand, the same authorities define the
word "after" to mean following, or later
in time. It follows, then, that as the
law stands now upon the record of both
Houses of Congress the bonds commonly
•c 4 per cents are redeemable at the
pleasure of the United States at any time
during thirty years.
Mr. Chairman, the proposition I main-
The Tyndall Register notes the curious tain is that in cases where there is an im
fact of the disappearance of frogs from portant variance between the records
Hon Homme county. It says that while
last year there were myrids of them, this
season not a single frog can be found.
made of the wording of the law
-fr, w.awtgl^
The Persistent ADVOCATE of Economy and Reform, the Defender of Truth Justice, the Foe of Ftaud and Corruption.
bv the
proper officers of the two Houses of Con
gress and the published records of the
House and Se ite must be resorted to, and
if the words tt re recorded have a clear and
distinct mean ig, no resort to any testi
mony to set a ide that meaning is admis
sible, and tba the law as found on such
records mus stand until repealed,
take this prof isition in the presence of a
large numbei !f lawyers who are mem
bers of this Jy, and I ask them to show
if they can tl it this is not the rule. Sir,
erroneous puj lication of the law does not
make ital&TO even though it is publish
by the presiding officers of
[d approved by the presi
ar question has been raised
ed and sigm
each House'
dent. A sli
in England
ceedings in
554, that—
"Since ti
an act—
"1. Will
passing of a
elude, inqui)
any previoi
"2. 1st
cording the:
fact, or
"3. May
be permit
"The ft
arose was i.
lation to. the employment of children iu
factories passed the Commons and was
agreed to in the Lords with an amend
ment, and through mistake received the
royal assent, after which the amendment
was agreed to by the Commons but in
order to remove all doubts an act was pass
ed to declare that "the act shall be valid
and effectual to all intents and purposes
as if tlie amendment made by the Lords
had beeu agreed to by tlie Commons be
fore said act received the royal assent."
May's Treatise on pro
ii'liament it is said, page
assent of Queen, Lords and
Inessential to the validity of
royal assent cure all prior
in tlie same wav that the
|ill in the Lords would pre
si»s to the informalities in
indorsement on the bill re
issent of the Queen, Lords
conclusive evidence of the.
journals of either house
to contradict it?
case in which a difficulty
he 83d of Henry VI,"
iS the Lords, in order to
construction as to the date
iprtain bill was to take efTect,
ite, but did not return the
Commons. A motion was
ach the validity of the act
id that the Commons ought
he bill back. On the hear
iaron Illingworth and Mr.
'kmau were of the opinion
endment made the bill vary
'ui that which was sent up
mmons the act would be in
fef Justice Fortescue conclud
j^y saying:
,n act of Parliament, and we
advised before we annul any
ment, and peradventure the
it to wait until the next Par
wecan be certified by them
ity of the matter but, not
Ig, wis will be advisedwhat
In that
avoid certi
on wliich:
altered th«j'
bill to th«
made to
on the grdi
to have
ing. Chief
that if tin
in efTect fi
from the'
valid. C.
ed the ci
will be
act Of:
of thej,
the schoolmasters' widows' fund
bill was returned to the Commons with
amendments, aud by mistake the bill re
ceived the royal assent. After an exami
nation of precedents the act was made
valid by anew enactment. In this coun
try, as in England, the assent of the
president, the Senate and House of Repie
sentatives is essential to tlie validity of an
act, and the courts of the United States
have with great unanimity held, as lias
been done in England, that the records
made by the law-making branch of the
state must be resorted to in all cases in
dispute in order to ascertain what the
law is. The first to which I shall refer
is entitled Town of South Ottawa vs.
Perkins (page
et supra,
S. C. Reps..
Otto IV.) The facts of%this case occured
in my congressional! district, and briefly
stated, are these Certain towns along
the line of the Ottawa Oswego and Fox
River Valley railroad voted bonds to the
amount of nearly half a million dollars to
aid in the construction of said road. The
town of South Ottawa, acting under a
published act of the legislature, which
was signed by tile speaker of the house,
the president of the senate, and approved
by the governor, voted to issue, and did
issue, its bonds to a large amount for the
purpose indicated. These bonds were de
livered to tlie railroad company, and by it
to the contractors, who sold them to in
vestors and used the proceeds in con
structing the road. Every transaction in
relation to the issuance and sale of these
bonds was made, in the utmost good faith.
After interest had been paid on the bonds
for a year or more it was discovered that
the record made by the secretary of the
senate of Illinois did not show affirma
tively that the bill granting to these
towns the authority to vote the issue of
bonds as indicated above was read a third
time and the yeas and nays called there
en. as tlie constitution of the State re
"When the case came on for trial iu an
Illinois court the town of South Ottawa
offered to prove, by the journais of each
house of the legislature th.it there was no
entry in the same of a final vote by the
senate tlie act of February 1857 (giv
ing tlie town authority to vote.)
[To be continued.]
Selected and Original Articles On Var
ious Topihs of Interest to Rural
A Series of Disconnected Sketches Impart'
ing many Valuable Suggestions on
Remember that different soils re
quire different fertilizers, and want no
Will variotie3 of buckwheat cross
and mix? is one of the questions of the
Brains as well as farms are capable
ot cultivation. Never lose sight of this
A costing of varnish thoroughly ap
plied .will preserve eggs in any ordinary
Abere has been a very great demand
irir sugar beet seed at the Agricultural
When your soil need* potash only,
what is the use of putting on other fer
tilizing ingredients.
In eighteen of the great agricultural,
sheep raising states and territories
there is no dog tax at all.
A soil in aj- lie overfed and troubled
with indigestiou as well as the1 animal
system, but it is oftener starved.
Try to lind out the best way of doing
everything you undertake and be sure
that you do not do it the wrong way.
There is nothing gained by crowd
ing crops. Numbers of plants do not
compensate for the loss of size and
Colts should be handled early and
petted, but never teased. They are
tractable crea ures anil very responsive
to kindness.
It is not fancy but real stock that the
farmer wants for business. There if
not much that is fancy about farming,
everything is rowl—very.
Plowing bv steam in tho Walla Walla
•alley. Washington, costs only 40 cents
per acre. By horse power it has here
tofore cost $2 per acre.
Barren is the houso and yard that i»
not beautified by llowers and foliage.
The farm residence destitute of orna
ment or shade is uuiit for the abode of
Success in gardening depends oh
the seeds. It is a waste of time and
labor to use inferior seed. Be caution?
and procure seed from the most relia
ble sources only.
Whenever the shoulders of a work
horse are galled tho harness should be
examined to remove tho cause. A
horse in such condition should not be
made to work until a cure is made.
Apples are used as food at the ex
periment stations in making tests, and
the results demonstrate that if they
canuot be profitably shipped to market
they may be fed to stock with advant
The agricultural optimists of Kansas
are figuring on a wheat crop of 40,
.000.000 bushels in that State this year.
The thrashing season is yet a little
way off and it may tell a different
Clover hay, cut very line and scalded,
is an excellent ration for growing pigs
that have been weaned. A mess of the
cut clover given once a day will pro
mote their appetite and keep them in
Major Fleming of Fargo, N. D., will
experiment this year in the way of cul
tivating wheat. It is claimed that six
pounds of seed per acre, properly cul
tivated, with a favorable season will
yield fifty bushels.
A correspondent of the Live Slock
Indicator says. "I can invest $1,000 in
sheep and burn every pound of wool
produced for five years and make more
clear moucy than can be made on cattle,
horses or hogs in the same length of
Sioux City will build another corn
palace this year, provided, of course,
the (prrn is forthcoming in due season.
But there has never been a total fail
ure of the corn crop in Iowa, and this
year is not likely to be an exception to
the rule.
A Kansas newspaper says the corn
still remaining in the bands of the
farmers of that State is at present prices
worth about as much as the entire crop
was worth when it was gathered. Ana
yet it is estimated that nearly 100,000,
000 bushels have been sold.
A gentleman who took regular exer
cise on horseback, and subsisted prin
cipally on milk, was asked by a sick
man who was taking a course of drug
treatment how he had such good health,
and what doctor he employed. He re
plied: "My doctor is a horse and my
apothecary is a cow."
Throughout France gardening is
practiealiy taught in tlie primary and
elementary schools. There are about
28.000 of these schools, each of which
has a garden attached to it, and is
under the care of a. master capable of
imparting a knowledge, of the first
principles of horticultiu'e.
A caif born in fall or winter is worth
two born in spring for profit. A
spring calf is so young that it. gets little
good from pasture the first season, for
by the time it can fight ilies success
fully and crop grass enough to really
aid in nourishing it winter is at hand
and it is Dlaced on dry food.
The general opinion appears to be
that the acreage of spring wheat sown
in Dakota, Minnesota, ana other North*
western States is considerably less than
informer years.-' The farmers have
been compelled to diversify their crop*
to maintain fertility and make a living,
and this is a very hopeful change.
The medicinal virtues of the apple
are being sounded on all sides ID
Europe. It is said to neutralize the
evil effects of eating too much meat,
and the German chemists state that it
is richer than any other fruit or vegeta
ble in phosphorus, an element that is
useful in renewing the essential nervous
matter of the brain and spinal cord.
Various tests show that the cost ol
the production of milk differs greatly
in cows, some cows producing milk at
a cost of one-third that produced from
others. The importance of using only
the best cows is plainly showu by the
differences in the cost. The yield of
milk does not always give the true
value of the animal. The only mode
of determining the profit is to keep a
recorcl of the receipts and expenses oi
each cow.
On the question of the proper tem
perature in setting mine rroxessor
Henry reports: "Milk set at forty de
^rees for eleven hours, threw up all
but forty-four hundredths of 1 per
cent, while milk at forty-live degrees
left 2.7 per cent of butter in the skiin
milk. Setting at fifty degrees as com
pared with forty-five degrees showed a
loss from 3.8 to 10 per cent, and fifty
live degrees shows that the range of .,
loss is from 15.6 to 30 per cent over
that set at forty-five degrees."
Experiments prove that the value ol^
the solid manure produced by a herd of
cows is 29 per cent of the market value
of the food they consume. But the
value of the liquid manure is 44 per
cent of the total food value. The New
York station farm reports that the cost
of the food of a dairy cow oneyear was
$52. and the manure value for the same
period $37.96. That is the manure
value if it is all saved, but on nine
tenths of the farms a considerable por
tion of the liquid manure is wasted for
want of proper methods of stabling
and preserviug the liquids.
A New Hat Material.
Many of the cheap Derby hats that
will be worn on the streets of St. Louis
this spring, says the Globe Democrat,
will be made of a new material of
which the hatters have just got hold.
The stuff is callcd lintcrs. It is a short
cotton left on the seed after the cotton
has been ginned by tho cotton-raiser.
He sells his cotton to the iticrchant and
the seed to a mill that makes cotton
seed oil. The miller puts the seed
through another gin, specially made to
clean short cotton from the seed. In
au oil-mill of small capacity several
bales of cotton arc ginned'from the
seed in this way. The liber is broken
and very short, and up to a few months
ago the mill sold it to stuff bedding
with. Its price was about half that of
average cotton. The negroes in the
south were the buyers generally, but
occasionally the mills would get a good
big order from concerns that made pil
lows and mattresses, Suddenly some
body found out that it could be made
to imitate felt for cheap hats. The ex
periment then of making hats of lint
ers was tried on a large scale this win
ter by a New York factory, and the hats
were sold to retailers for introduction
very cheaply* The test showed that
the hats stood wear, and the oil-inills
were at ouce called on by the manu
facturers to make contracts for all the
linters they could get off the cotton
seed. Now linters has gone away up
in price, and is only a few cents a
pouud cheaper than cotton. The dis
covery is likely to have a lower effect
upon the kind of Derbies which have
sold for $3 and, in fact, some merchants
are already using the linters Derbies
as "leaders" for their other goods, sell
ingthem at half the cost of the felt hat.
A Horse That Laps Like a Dog.
A reporter took a walk up to the
Zoar bridge fast day and among other
things he saw the following: While
the pedestrians were resting near the
road the mail-carrier, with Zoar bride
letters, drove up and into a brook
the roadside, where he unchecked
horse aud let him drink. It was a
funny horse. Instead of drinking in
the. usual every-dav style of a common,
ordinary Zoar Bridge horse he lapped
up the water like a dog. The driver
was immediately interviewed regard
ing the curious habit of his animal.
He said that everywhere else except at
this brook tho horse drank in the usual
way. but sometimes the water was
swallowed, and on one occasion he
dived into the brook and caught a
pebble in his nose which bothered him
to get rid of. Ever since that he goes
at the water very cautiously and al
ways laps it up instead of drinking it
like an ordinary horse.—Ansonia
(Conn.) Sentinel.
$1.00 PER ANNUM.
Henry Wallace, of the Iowa Home'
stead, preaches the gospel of clover in
season and out of season. He says:
''I regard clover as absolutely essen
tial to success in the growing of im- *. |j
proved stock. I do not kuo'w of a
ilia %i
large breed of horses, cattle, sheep or '#$•!(
hogs that has ever originated outside 5^
of a clover country, nor do I believe
they cau lie kopt up to their proper VvW
sttMMhfw^or^mpmvod on :i- soil that.,T.,
will not grojv clover, and for the
reason that clover supplies tlie albumi
noids or flesh-formers cheaper and
better than any other crop. The stock
man can do without corn, timothy, or
even blue-grass, but can not do "with-
out clover and compete with those who
have it.

xml | txt