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-VOL. I. NUMBER 12. 1- 4 1% THE FIFTH ANNUAL FAIR The Thii\ Day of The Fair Witnesses \rge Attendance.—Mrs, Shaw's Lecture. KP' Full Account of the ProceedingA Tester day—The Premiums to be Award-,, ed this Afternoon. -.-.V FIRST DAY. -5 The first day of the fifth annual fair of the Lincoln county agricultural society holds out the indications that the fair this year will be the best yet held in the county. All day yesterday the officers of the association and their industurious lieutenants—the superintendents of the various* departments, were constantly kept oa^fa jump an it probably goes that if secretary Nims mauag^ io get his dinner at all, it was n°t until a late hour last night.. '*F. SECOND DAY. Tlte second days work at the county fair brought forth a. full tion of the expectations created prospects of the first day. The was not,so pleas&ut as it was Tuesday but it was a good fair day and but for the high wind, could not have been bet ter. md Lincoln realiza by the weather The attendance was fully what was expected and a great many special features of amusement were well carried out. Among these was the horse-racing at four o'clock in the afternoon. For a time it seemed as if this part of the day's exercises would have to be abandoned, owing to a slight misunderstanding be t.ween the owners of the horses but the dwg^ty was soon adjusted, and the 'P^Pngj^jprescribed for the occasion, tc^plflSStiiough it was not till quite lafe injpKTafternoon. The entries were: J. Reedy's gray pony, Balkv top of Beres ford S. P. Hartzel's Mollie Gray, of Eden and Isaac Billings' Traveler. The first .heat was run in 57 s. tlip second in 55, with the following result: Mollie Gray takittg first money. Balky Top, second, and'Traveler, third, Pending the horse racing, the bass ball game between Haram and Canton wtas completed, tthd resulting in favor of the Canton teariCBy the following score! Innings— 1 2 3 4 5 7 $ 5) -0 Cahton,— 1 10 2 4 4 0 2 0 9—32 Haram,— 2 2 3 0 0 2 4 0 3—10 Batteries—Miller and Nochels for Can .ton, and Dray Brothers far Haram. -w Umpire—Wilson, (yj After the ball game and horse racing, /the slipoting contest on the programme was carried out, Canton and Worthing, competing for the society championship belt. The game was a remarkably inter and perhaps the closest ever vthis locality, terminating 4£ for' Worthing, and five estmg for Ca THIRD DAY. At the fair grounds this morning every thing was quiet. But few visitors passed "through the gates this forenoon, and at twelve o'clock there were no indications that a very large attendance would greet the exercises during the afternoon. But at one o'clock the streets of the town "Were crowded with people, and a contin uous stream of pedestrians, vehicles, hor ses, etc., were passing up the road leading to the fair grounds, and by two o'clock, there were an estimated number of two -thousand people taking in the eights at the fair. The wind blew a perfect gale from the south all day, frequently unload "ing clouds of dust upon the heads of eager spectators, while the sun beamed forth from a clear sky, with the characteristic vehemence of an early August day, and in the aggregate, the day was anything but pleasant. But the crowd came to enjoy the sights, and they successfully managed to ward off all discouragements. At about two o'clock, the afternoon ex ercises began with the previously an noiinctod lecture on equal suffrage by Mrs-^M. Shaw. The lady spoke for °ne hour, and doubtless made as strojCTEftlea for woman's suffrage as wasev^r presented to a South Dakota audience. When the war closed, and the Union soldiers caught Jeff Davis, the govern ment was puzzled to know what to do with him, they put him down to the level of a woman, and disfranchised him. Jeff Davis was the only thing the govern ment ever gave its women for consolation, and no wonder the women mourned when he died. She naver knew the import ance of being a man forcibly, until she attended the republican state conven tion at Mitchell. There they made more of three Indians, representing three hun dred Indians on the reservation, than they dtd of all the delegates to the woman's suffrage convention, representing seventy thousand mothers and daughters of South Dakota. What was the reason? These three Indians represented three hundred votes, and the delegates to the ,suffrage convention didn't. -IV:, That was the reason the republicans loved their Indians more than their wo men. The lecture was a rare combination of wit, criticism, humor, logic and com mon sense, and was heartily appreciated by over a thousand people. After the lecture, THE.BACES -./''.A-' were called. The first was the 2.50 trotting race, in which three entries had been made. This was a very interesting race, and awarded Lady Maud, first mon ey O. E. Jackson's Bay Charley, second and Nebraska, third. Next came the novelty race, best two in three, with eight entries.* Only two half mile dashes were sufficient to settle the contest, as follows: Mollie Gray, owned by'Hartzell of Eden, first Dolly, John Steenland's pony, second and Henry Wallace's Minnie, third. S. W. Robinson then produced Lady Maud for an exhibition trot, against time, in which the little lady came" out with a record of 2,53. THE PIERRE CORNET BAND. After this, the Capital City Band of Pierre, which arrived oh the fiye O'clock train from the north, appeared upon the grand stand, and gave an exhibition of Its excellent music, and, won the admira tion of the entire audience. The band was invited to retain seats in the stand and furnished several pieces of well selected music. The boys are up to times in music, and-they area true represent ation of tne kind of people, the enterprise and the general get-there-ive-ness of this lively city. The day's doings closed with the ladies' riding contest, in which a great deal of nterest centered, during the after noon. This feature of the exer eises was very interesting. The contest was participated in by Misses Jennie Williams, Emma and Mary Haw, Emma Dunlap, Lou Clark, and Louisa Elster. The judges awarded the prem iums as follows: Emma Haw, first Lou Clark Second Louisa Elster, third, v, The exercises then closed with music from the Capital City band. ...'• FOURTH DAY. ,-v. This was a bad day fof the fair A heavy rain fell during, ,-the night ahd a cold wind blew from the north, making 'the atmoSphese cold.as Greenland, and instead of seeking the fair grounds, the natives felt like hunting up the warm side of a big heating stove1. Consequently the attendance was very slim at' the fair to-day. Less than 500 people attended. The principal feature of the exercises was the racing in the afternoon. The first was the green trotting race, with five entries, namely: Annie Rooney, Button, Fox, Prince and Babe. Three heats were required to dispose of this race. The first heat Annie Rooney came in first, Prince second, and Button third. The second heat resulted the same as the first Button and Fox were then left to saw off for the third heat, which ended in favor of Button. The next was a year ling trotting race Gilman's Kittie Knox, and Dunn's Billy the Kid, both thorough bred trotters. It was a very pretty race and the novelty of it attracted more atten tion than most ordinary races. Gilman's Kittie Knox came out ahead. Kittie was sired by Boy, a thoroughbred Hambel tonian trotter owned by Mr. Gilman, and is an excellent animal. Billy is the de scendant of Victor Von Bismarck. The next was a private match race be tween Harwell's Mollie Gray and Sorrel Joe, in which the latter came out best two in three. This was considered the pret tiest race that took place at the fair, and was very interesting. At the close of this race, the fifth annual fair of the Lincoln County Agricultural Society closed, and before the cheers of the crawd had fully subsided, people were rushing through the gates, some loaded down with articles they had on exhibition, some leading cows, horses, some drawing loads of swine, all hastening to get out of the cold. THE PREMIUMS. THE LEADER was in hopes of being able to publish a complete list of the premiums, but secretary Nims informs the reporters that at present it was ab solutely impossible to furnish them in time for publication until next week. We are requested to state, however, for the information of parties who had exhi bits at the fair, that the board of direc tors of the society meets in Canton Satur dap, Sept. 20, at which time they will pay off premiums and settle other ac counts of the fair. HIGHLAND HIEROGLYPHICS. If reports are true, we have a newly married couple in our midst. Better step forward and explain, Billy. Mrs. J. C. Steensland and daughter Mina, returned the 4th inst. from a ten days visit with relations at LeRoy, Minn. Henry Orstad, our wide awake farmer and independent, took in the campaign rally at Beresford, Sept. 3, conducted by Messrs Loucks and Zipp. Come Down. THE TICKET. The court room had been modestly but impressively decorated with flags and bunting, and the appropriate mottoes "Equal Justice to all." "Farmers de fend your rights." "Special lprivileges to none." and the like, were conspicuously displayed about the convention room. -m-1 CANTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1890. ITS PRECIOUS FIRST BORK. The Independents of Lincoln County, Sue ceed In nominating a Strong County Ticket. Harmonious Gathering—No Scheming, No Bulldozing—Salaries Must For State Senator— 1 HENRY BRADSHAW. For State Representatives— J. E. HOLTER, E. W. OWENS, JERE GEHON. For County Treasurer— A. J. WIMPLE. For County Auditor— ED. WARDWELL. For Register of Deeds— JAMES WALL. For Clerk of the Courts— ASA FORREST, JR. For Sheriff— HENRY BARNUM. For County Superintendent— W. GOULTRY, For States Attorney— AMOS R. JAMIESON. The independents of Lincoln county held their first convention, for the nomi nation of county officers at the court house in the city yesterday. The day was beautiful and could not have been better, had it been designed by the Al mighty, for this particular occasion. The attendance, too, was large—more than what the most sanguine had dared anticipate, and the proceedings of the convention were remarkably peacable and harmonious. The convention assembeled in the court room at eleven o'clock in the forenoon and was called to order by Chairman Holter, of the county central committee. In opening the convention, the Ordinary methods of pf&c53eure usually prevalant in other conventions, were radically de parted from, by the invocation of Diving blessings. Rev. V. B. Conklin, of Lin coln township acted as chaplain of the convention by special invitation of the county central committee, and the rever and gentleman performed his duties in a manner that touched a resppnsive ccliord in the heart of every one present. Chairman Holter then read the call for the convention after which G. B. Young, Of Delaware township was placed in nomination for temporary chairman, by Sam Keller, and the nomination was promptly legalized by the convention. Mr. Young proceeded at once to business in a business like way, by stating that the election of a temporary secretary was next in order. For this position, E. W. Owens presented the name of W. H. Goltiy and that gentleman was promptly anade the choice -of the conven tion. Some (discussions then followed -over the maimer in getting to the werk of making up the committees. A motion having been carried, instructing the chair to appoint a committee of five each on credentials, permanent organization, resolutions and order of business. The chair stated that he was unable .to make up 'these .committees without the know ledge of 'who were and were not.dele gates. After'considerable discussion, a motion was adopted instructing the chairman of «aoh'delegation'to present to the Chair the names of the respective delegations. The chair then appointed ,Tames Delve, A. 12- Jamieson, P. A. Burr, C, Prinstow and John Steensland.a committee on cre 'dentials. Pending the report «f this committee, ithe convention occupied a portion of its time wrestling with a Motion .-to adjourn for dinner. When the committee .on credentials re appeared befone the convention, .they re ported the follow Lug named delegates eatitled to seats in the loonventiaa. Canton City, 10 votes— Asa Forrest jr.., A. R. Jamiesotu. G. T. Mallory, J. F. Cooley, With instructions to east the entire vote of delegation. Canton township, 6 votes— H. O. Strand, J. E. Holter, Jere Gehon, A1 Syverud, M. O.Mickelson, Simon Shager. Brooklyn, 4 votes— M. H. White, C. Prinslow, A. S. Hale, A Faithful LEADER in the Cause of Economy and Reform, the Defender of Truth and Justice, the Foe of Fraud and Corruption. _,, .,v ," Peter Hegg. Lincoln, 4 votes— A. J. Westbury, J. Richards, P. J. Luken, H. Bradshaw. La Valley, 3 votes— Andrew Peterson, D. M. Sweeden, Svond Halvordsgard. Pleasant, 5, votes— E.|W. Owens, J. p. Larson, W|H. Goultry, P.AV. Burr, B. jfc. Smith. Higwind, 5 votes— Oljijj. Byre, OlK. Ulrickson, J. Sheldon. J. Steensland, O.MHegge. Fairaww, 3 votes—r Jawb A. Keller, Janes Delve, JoffiFalde. Delenfe, 3 votes— Ha W L. MV.'-.-' WjiMParks, Proxy, Jacob Spaniel, Jams Messuer, SEfcsey. Lynn® votes— P.JK.Eno, Eriffr Selom, N. lyerson, Jon Pelley, Join Iverson. Dellamre, 5 votes— C. Ellis, J. Murphy, 8. G. Keller, Young,. JoliJiStemphenson. Norwjp. 5 votes— R. Rise, Munsou, Song, J. fi Sand, Dayti i, 5 votes—: Thompson, E Sharp, Robinson, ardwall, Hoag, ace Mitt-hell. the report of the Committee VLTTU [opted, the convention adjourned' l»lf lMSt one. ^•AFTERNOON BESStON. Immediately after diuner,' the 66i?rgUtCS from the second commissioners district organized themselves into a convention on the third floor of the new court house, for the purpose of placing in nomination a candidate for county commissioner Jere Gehon acted as chairman and Asa Forrest, jr., as secretary, On motion John Steensland, of Highland township, was placed in nomination. The conven tion also appointed a district central com mittee of one member from each town ship. The convention convened again at about 2 00 p. m. when chairman Young annouueed the following committees: Permanent organization—H. O. Strand, O. J. Byd, S. Kinsley, H. Bradshaw and J. I. Sheldo®. Order of business—Dr. White, John Murphy, A. J. Westbury, H. Rise, An drew Peterson.. Resolutions—E. W. Owens, J. W. Sharp, J. E. Holter, J. F. Cooley, P. IS. Eno. The cemmittee permanent organi zation recommended that ttea temporary organization be made permanent, and their report was adopted. The -committee on order of business next reported and their report was adopted. "Soonthereafter the committee OK. ere dentiate came into the oonventioo, and recommended.the adoption of the follow ing resolutions: We, Thq, Independent party of ^Lincoln County, South Dakota, 4n-convention assem bled, declare ouradherence to the platform of principles adopted by the St. Louis convention of 1880, and also the platform of the Independ ent Party as adopted at .-Huron, on theOth day of Jute, 18B0. We, therefore, in aesordance with tbe principles therein set-forth, declare: our determination to vote 3sr the nomination or election of no candidate for -the state legis llature.vwho is not sledged, tocupport'thc follow-, lux legislation Tftrst, To limit toxation'te the necessities at :he public welfare. Second, To nrike .the pmperiy of jrailroad corporations taxable aoeoraag to evaluation. Third, To so amend our -assessment lawsi :that the£ndebtednas8of the tax-payer.-ahall be .deducted from the,value ofibie property, report edifor taxation, ana that all.notes -and mortga ges be assessed thesaame astather property, to theownacs thereof. fourth, It is our policy reduce izates of -interest,ito a,par *flth the jprofits of .aericul-l ture, but.«8 4he government is controlled .in the interectsiof montpoly. by refusing to give Che people an ample supply currency, .that the capitalists .may charge exorbitant rates of interest, and:being wKhout any uniform limit to prevent «ompetition among the -states, we are at present compelled to yield to the rates •aid in adjeibting localities. We accondingly demand that the oontnet rate of interest on chattel mortgages and notes, be reduced to 8 percent., and that real estate mortgages be limited to 6 per cent, and'that any charge in exeess of these rates, work a forfeiture at both principal and Interest. Filth, We demand that the salaries of all public officers be limited to the amount for which competent men would be willing to per form the duties of the office. To this end we recommend that the salaries of the following county officers, exclusive of clerk hire, be as follows: County Treasurer, $1,000. County Auditor, $1,000. Register of Deeds.' J600. Clerk of the Courts, $600. Sixth, Fees for public and professional ser vices to be limited to the standard value of labor and capital necessarily employed in discharging the duties thereof. [Continued on fifth page.] (RGEMIIE REPUBLIC FINANCES. H. S. Keefer, of Running Water ', Tells Some thing of Their Condition and How it Came About An Emphatic Endorsemeut of What The Leader Has Heretofore Said on this Subject. OBNOXIOUS SYSTEMS. Running Water, S. D., Sept. 5. EDITOR FARMERS LEADER. The paper money circulation alone of the Argentine Republic, is estimated at $540,000,000, or more than $20 per capita. And still financial matters are not' alto-' gether lovely in that country, nor likely to be for some time to come.—Sioux City Journal. A copj' of the LEADER of Aug. 22, came to my notice, containing the above, which, with the kind permission of the LEADER, I should like to see my answer appear in it not for the benefit of the Journal alone, but mainly for the farmers and laborers of the country, who have been robbed by flst such public educators as the Journal and its ilk. In the first place, the Journal knows that the press of the country is subsdized, (both democrat and republican) or direct ly controlled, by the interested parties of the great monopolies, and that the truth has been suppressed from publication, so much, that the ignoring of the Monroe doctrine, even by our legislators, has not been a matter worth mentioning, of late years, by the press of the country. THE MONROE DOCTRINE. 1 President Monroe's annual message to congress in 1823, contained the following sentences: "We owe it to candor and the amicable relations existing between the United States and the allied powers, to declare that we should consider any attempt on their part, to extend their sys tem to any portion of this hemisphere, as dangerous to our peace and safety". Now, in face of the above doctrine, the Journal ought to know that our national banking system, was imported into the TJ. S. from England, and more, the Jour ual Jui9YT9 thftt the system is the most damnable aad ungodly of any system that Could be devised for the reason that It is bas^d on double usury, and that the hblcteist^U^ taxation, by or under national, state, or municipal autharity, thus throwing the burden of support on the shoulders of labor. They have taught us that the bonds are security for bank circulation. This is false, for the reason that the labor of the people, and the tilling of the soil is the basis of all human existence, and any law that looks to any other source for payment, falls to the ground-. The swapping of greenbacks or lawful money for bonds, or the retiring of lawful money, (greenbacks) and issuing certificates of indebtedness, (bank notes) to the corpor ations, redeemable in coin, does not make money. But it is one of the most wilful and malicious systems of robbery, evei conceived in the mind of man. They are, if paid at all, paid by the labor wf the U. S. your great protective tariff to the contrary, notwithstanding. Wtoen the gold dolt&r in 1861, was worth $2,85, and the greenback was worth S3.SG, what dollar Sid they measure those dollars by Here is the trap that luis fooledfthe mass es of file people for centuries, while they have been carrying on their piratical financial game, and have been giving us taffyof over-f.roduction, "market surplus' "fictitious jnriccs" -wild speculation and extravagant indebtedness, all and every one: of 'these'Can be explained by the law of effect, eaused Jjy the contraction of :the currency (money) of the country of -which, first the republican party, Great Britain and the democratic party are -responsible. Theee three and Wall St New YorkOity, are the same. All money lie national credit. .All financial panics are purpoaely. manufactured and are the .result oflliw. .A nation cannot become •bankrupt, exceptlby wilful and wicked I legislation. All imoney is the measure of price. and this.measure dses not change, except iby positive law. j&tll money is a ifirintiipletef mathematics. The Dollar is (fihe tally.or unit of aceouat. One hun deed cents (or.one-.thousand mills) is the aaeasure.wf the.dollar. 'Shis is an ideal •mathematical, spiritual -principle. All ilaw is spiritual, aakl congress is the only aMthoriaed power in -the United States, tihat can authorize ithe issue of the tally lo represent the ideal. This ideal dollar /must foe understood in the mind, and is tihe real dollar, which measures the price of the gold and silver upon which the fiat (decree of law) of the nation is stamped, that we name money. The gold dollar never was a 285 cent dollar, nor was the greenback a thirty-five cent dollar there is no such thing. The fact of the law in the words, except for duties on imports and interest.on the public debt, and the law of Feb. 25, 1862, saying that duties on imports, and interest on the public debt, (bonds) must be paid in coin, com pelled importers to pay $2,85 to brokers iiU'lWTTt „„ff rcfffF-i for the gold, 25 8-10 grains 0-10 fine upon which the unit of the dollar was stamped. They bought gold antl then paid it to $3 the customs officers, as money at its face/ Fine scheme, wasn't it? Now, I want to give the Journal an example which will explain why our snobbery can go over to "hould Hingland", and sleep in Windsor Castle. During the rebellion the Confederacy issued bonds, which were bought by England. Her sympath ies were with the South. They paid from 80 down to 50 cents on the dollar for six or seven million dollors worth of bonds. The South was not successful iMr Cj with all the aid of financial pirats North, t' and old England to help them. The North or more properly the United States government issued bonds which were not sold until the war was over, and Morton said they never netted the gov ern ment CO cents on the dollar. About $1,800,000,000 of these bonds went to England and Europe. By nefarious legislation such as the Credit Strengthen ing act and refunding act of 1871—3 and 75 they have been at par and redeemed at, $1,334, so that England has made two dollars where she lost one on the con federacy, and as our country is under the same law. the lobor of the whole nation' north, south, east and west, is contribut ing to the payment of this the blackest and most infamous swindle ever perpet uated on the- human race and not only this but by contraction of the volume of money it repuires thVee times the labor mY to get the dollar as it did twenty years ago. They are now playing this gsame ame on the republic of Argentine in South America and in May last gold was quoted $2.64. But why are the confederate bonds now worth anything on the English market, they are now quoted at 6 cents or 3d sterling. There can be but one answer. Neither the democratic or republican par ties have said one word about payment of the national debt since 1870. They area unit on this. The wealthy classes of 'southern states are as anxious to perpetur ate protective tariff (payment of princi pal and interest of the bonds in coin as the money bargs of fhe north) as the re publican party is (hey area unit on this and English capitalists are making so much in the game thai they can afford to' transfer credit and assume that they SrtJWfr -—mat—"TnTRnrnt trplease tOurbon element of the Uiv^ed^ LW tr \%ff VM A l'! .9, J1 "V*" X*AW ^""11 ?/$ Ais*4"v & mi Ml $1.00 PER ANNUM. m:: •ill Stafedi. Now, Mi-, journal will yj^?. please tell us where there is any difference betweeu the.i two g. o. p's. (gfsW\rcl old pirates.) It is not to be "wondered at that we recognissft only two parties, as did tjte orators and the press two years ago* Of," course you don't want any other party,., because when you do have your trade wilt be gone, and you know it, but itr the people saw you as '••Ai 3-ou are, they would see a monster, a two headed scuttls.. with one body four arms and four legs,, one head's, named republican the other democrat, they both devour with the same appitites, one arm flaunts prejudice to the breeze the second lies, the third, robs the south of the profits of the toil and the fourth robs the north and west.. The four legs, one sets his foot in the south, the other north, the third in England, the fourth in Europe. Who ever votes this fall either the democrat or republican ticket votes for this fraud and steal. This is the back bone principle of protection. For myself I will vote the in dependent ticket though I vote it alone. '"•"3 H. S. KEEI-EH. HEETING FOE ORGANIZATION, A meeting of business men was held in the court house last night for the pur pose of forming an organization having for its aim the commercial welfare and progress of the city. Mayor Zeller acted as chairman and his business partner Mr. Huetson acted as secretary. O. K. Brown, C. B. Kennedy, D. E. Garver, C. E. Judd, A. G. Steiner, O. A. Rudolph, Nels Jacobson and Thomas Thorson, spoke in favor of the idea of organizing an association of some kind by which the commercial interests of Canton could be promoted. The follow ing gentlemen were appointed a committee to prepare a constitution and report at such a time as they might see fit to call a meeting for that purpose. The question of sending an exhibit to the Sioux City corn palace was also favorably considered and a committee consisting of Messrs Thos. Thorson R. H. Hichborn, Hawn, H. C. Hichborn, and E. J. Kean, were appointed to push the undertaking. The committee on constitution, it is expected, will report the fore part of next week. MAJOR PICKLER coming home from the Pettigrew convention attacked the or ganization of the independent partv as unnecessary. A lady asked the major what his platform had to say on the mon ey question: "Indeed, madam, I have had no time to read the platform." Oh, yes, the major, and such as he is, stand squarely on the platform, no matter what it is. The caucus will fix that. That crowd says, we don't care who makes the platforms so we get the offices.— RuraMzt. l-'vy- 1,-0,:^ Wd-S: .5 -W-.V: V'P if *,.