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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, September 19, 1890, Image 1

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Through Various Sources. From
•ent Parts of the Surrounding
'Talks Free Trade to the Farmers
at Worthing—Benjamin's System
of Farmiug.
|i^ WOUTHINO, Sept. 15.—Special Corre
P^': tpondenee: The democrats of this locality
ssE'• joined in a grand blpw out here last
Tuesday evening with the Lennox band
and W. P. Harndon, of Beadle county,
t$~ as the chief blow. As is customary at
|gji* all demociatic gatherings in this county,
the attendence excepting republicans and
ML independents, ,was exceedingly meager
•M'' and tj&blow was the. biggest part in the
§f tleaJHP^
if. MT^arndon's speech was. chiefly de
voted "to the tariff, the liquor and
woman's suffrage questions.
The speaker said he was a democrat
from the ground up, which was not say
ing very much as he was not high up.
Free trade was his great hobby. He
•"'wanted the tax taken off of clothing, it
seemed, so he could buy a pair of trousers
lor 9 cents, coat for three cents, vest, 3
'4^cents, cost of whole suit, 14 cents. This
V' is about what it would cost after deduct
ing the amount of duty he proposed to
deduct in his figures on the black board.
If all this could be made to operate as
nicely as the theoratic tongue of Mr.
Harndon spun out the philosophy pre
pared for the occasion, but in the dim
background of the speaker's figures tha
truth was plainly visible and every think
ing man could read the fact that to carry
propositions and make the sweep
luctionsheproposed, would land our
within the deadly fold of
it Mr. Harndon evidently did
the laboring men when he
complied his cunningly contrived mass
figures for he said nothing of the
I laborer, neither did he stop to tell our
people that twenty years ago we paid
•23 for a suit of clothes no better than one
we can now buy for $10 that was evident
ly not his side of the question.
On the prohibition question Mr. Harn
S&t^don aired himself freely and made about
litthe same kind of unsatisfactory state
foments that he made on the tariff question.
& He drew his conclusions from a young
democrat who became a drunkard from
the use of liquor he shipped in because he
could not buy it in an open saloon. This
single example was his authority for the
statement that prohibition was making
drunkards in South Dakota.
The woman's suffrage question was
more than slaughtered by our free-trade,
free whisky friend who made a rank
attack upon the independent party for
toleratijs a prohibition and equal suffrage
In tllis
hi ^^•'wever, suddenly choked off by
Prank^Kvitt, who called his attention
to the fi^C that he was uttering an abso
lute falsehood. According to his ideas,
the present standard of morality in this
country is too low :ancl degrading to per
mit of a-decent woman going to the polls
to vote. He used language unbecoming
a gentleman and had any ladies been
present, they would have been compelled
to leave the audiance or be openly insult
ed by the speaker.
It Asks!
Some Haughty Questions Concerning the
Benjamin System of Farming.
Seeing an article in the News of Au
gust 29 froiti D. F. Benjamin, the pro
fessional snapper, wherein he picks the
bones of Emma in away that is conclu
sive in his mind no doubt but to my
mind there is yet room for a doubt as to
he gentleman's utterly crushing argu
ment being able to crash us all.
In the first place he makes a fine show
ing on his paper farm, it reminds me of
the kind of farming that wq hear so much
abotffcthat is done by that class of farm
as street corner farmers, that
do 'that is done for the old ring
papeJ^aMfeG present time and furnish
nearly all the crop reports which every
one knows is as far from the truth as the
wonderful stories about the properity of
cfertain individual farmers, who are bv
the way, very thinly scattered over this
Judging from Mr.'B's. own farm we
are obliged to conclude that if he would
do less of this kind of farming and more
of the kind that the average farmer does,
his farm would lootf much better.
If Mr. B. sold all his produce and would
nei llier eat nor drink anything, nor paid
any taxes, nor bought any machinery
nor hired any help nor kept up actual ex
penses, he might possibly be able to pay
3ns debts.
Now Bennie, I for one am glad you
have told us what wonderful things can
be done on a quarter section of land here
in Dakota.
I have been here nearly eighteen years
and never dreamed that I could roll up a
clean $1,080, in a single year and a dry
year at that and I have put in my best
licks, too. Just imagine, Mr. Editor
what this story would have been if it had
been told in a wet season.
If Mr. Benjamin really has the secret
and will part with it, let him state his
price and I havfc no doubt he will be able
to get money enough ahead so he will not
be obliged to buy goods at a sale on time,
but instead he could pay the cash and get
the benefit of the 5 per cent discount and
save the interest and have a little left to
speculate with and not be obliged to draw
on his wonderful paper crop.
Now Friend B. you on your paper
farm, you state tha,t you can or have pro
duced this year 40 bushels per acre, on
fifty acres of corn, and 50 bushels- per
acre, of oats, on fifty acres, 15 bushels
per acre, of wheat on 40 acres. Now give
us a sworn statement of what you have
actually raised on your farm this year so
we can really be convinced that you have
the true, secret for I tell you, Ben, there
is money in it.
I have not1'been over this county as you
claim to have been but I see a man occas
sionally, from different parts of the coun
ty and I am not able to find any farmer
who says his corn will yield more than 30
bushels and oats judging from what has
been threshed from 35 to 30 bushels and
wheat ten bushels per acre at the best, so
you see your secret is a good one, if it
works. But allow me to ask a question,
and will with all due respect consider
your reply.
Corn in Nebraska and Kansas last win
ter was worth $3.40 per ton on board cars
and three days from that time that same
corn was worth $16 per ton in Pennsyl
vania also hard coal was worth at the
mines in Pennsylvania on board cars
$1.25 per ton, and in Nebraska it sold for
$10 per ton.
Now, I ask has the farmer, who put in
nearly a years time getting that corn in
to market, made as much on his invest
ment and time as the railroad company
has? Respectfully yours,
Farmers and Laborer* Are Left to Ohoose Between
These for Future Consolation.
FARMERS' LEADER: In the Canton Ad
vocate of Aug 7 I see an article trying to
cover our worthy editor with slang and
dirt, of which the editor of that paper
possesses an abundance. Why don't
he change off and fling some at us? I
can assure him that we can find plenty of
men down here who can fill any man's
pants and they don't need to depend on
original packages to do so either.
Do you know, Mr. Editor, what it re
minds me of when I read their slang and
falsehoods? A little boy holding to his
fathers coat-tail after coming home from
town, and crying "Dad, give me some
thing give me something, dad." While
they are eternally throwing the cry of
"office seekers" into our teeth, they are
themselves throwing slang, dirt and every
contemptible sort of stuff at their neigh
bors for no other purpose than to retain
the good will of their party leaders, in the
hope of getting into office themselves—in
deed they are the worse kinds of office
But while their teaching is cunning
and lavishly distributed, it resembels
somewhat the scriptural quotation the
devil presented to Eve in the Garden of
Eden. But truth crushed to earth, will
rise one day, and we shall ultimately
know these slander venders by their deeds
as ye shall know the tree by the fruit it
The independent party is strong down
here and is gaining new recruits every
day. The people have been hoodwinked
by these mealy-mouthed hypocrits so
long that they are beginning to have their
eyes opened and henceforth they will
look to the issues before them instead of
permitting their attention to be drawn
estray. We see clearly that both the old
parties are controled by the money power
of this country, through its paid hirelings
who have managed, by corporation
money, to get into the public offices. We
see no other way out of our oppressive
condition than to unite our efforts in the
fold of the independent party. The day
has come when we must be either inde
pendents or dependents, and our natural
love for our freedom creating an abhor
ance for the latter, we have no other re
sort than to be INDEPENDENTS. OLE.
A Farmer's Leader Correspondent Sends A Budget
of Notes.
Norway Sept. 16.^— Special Corre
spondence-. Norway township is well dis
posed toward the independent county as
well as the state ticket and our township
will give a heavy majority for the inde
pendents—A. L. Rommereimis improving
his premises by putting a new roof on his
barn—K. M. Nupen is feeding a fine. lot
of cattle and hogs for market—Nels
sriiiiuimsViif in in,i
A Faithful LEADER in the Cause of Economy and Reform, the Defender of Truth and Justice, the Foe of Ftaud and Corruption,
Eckly and Austin Odegard have each
built large additions to their residences
this fall—Nels Larson says he has as
much office at home as he wants to attend
to, consequently he does not want
any office. Nels would make a solid man
in the legislature, though, and our peo
ple will some day make an effort to send
him there—How about the county seat
war, have the Cantonites succeeded in
breaking it up? Your correspondent was
visited by a party ,of original pack
age republican democrats some time ago,
who were out on a fishing expedition.
They had poor success catching fish, and
taking me for a sucker, they began to
bluff me on the independent party issue.
I was surprised at the weakness of their
arguments and the ignorance of the men
yet they are fellows who are con
siderably looked to in their respective
parties. I expect these same fellows put
in a good deal of their time trying to con
vince their neighbors that the Nor
wegians and other foreigners don't know
enough about American institutions to
vote intelligently—What is the matter
with the old party papers at Canton, the
Nuisance and Advocate? According to
their screams and cries they must feel
terribly hurt at the independents. I was
in hope when one of them took a trip
over the Indain reservation, he would
come home feeling better, but instead of
that he is worse. The indications are
that the independents have the drop on
these fellows and their party and they
will scream worse than they do now tge
fore 1890 is over—How do Canton folks
feel over the defeat of their ruin Friday
at the Mitchell convention? The people
down here don't feel sorry, for they never
thought much of Gifford since they have
seen what a poor excuse he has been for
their interests in congress. They look upon
him as a total failure for he has failed to
say a word in favor of the farmers in
terests. Yet the Nuisance and Advocate,
papers who both pretend to favor the in
terests of the' farmer, have always fought
for this typical nonentity. Say how did
he vote on the bill allowing Geo. A.
Mathews $7,000 pay for doing nothing?
Will the Nuisance and Advocate answer
Appointments of Independent Speakers in Linoola
Springdale township, Friday evening,
Sept. 19—at Hogaboom school house—
Bradshaw, Owens and Gehon.
Dayton township, Saturday, Sept, 20—
at Brown's school house—Bradshaw,
Owens and Gehon.
Brooklyn township, Thursday, Sept.
35—at Brooklyn school house—Holter,
Wahl and Wardwell.
Pleasant township, Friday, Sept. 36—
at Savey school house—Gehon, Holter
and Wahl.
Norway township, Saturday, Sept. 37
—at Kices school house—Wardwell,
Bradshaw and. amieson.
Eden township, Monday, Sept. 29—at
Hilletls school house—Bradshaw, Owens
and Gehon.
Fail-view township, Wednesday, Oct. 1,
—at Falde school house—Owens, Goltry
and Forrest.
Highland township, Thursday, Oct. 2
—at Austin Olson school house—Wimple,
Owens and Barnum.
Lincoln township, Friday, October 3—
at R. R. May school house—Wall, Jamie
son and Wardwell.
Delaware township, Saturday, Oct 4—
at Pleasant View school house—Brad'
shaw, Westbury and Holter.
Lynn township, Monday, Oct. 6—at
Wiggins school house—Bradshaw, West
bury and Wahl.
Grant township, Tuesday, Oct. 7—
at the Brandhagen school house—
Gehon, Holter and Barnum.
Delapre township, Wednesday, Oct. 8
—at school district No. 60—Bradshaw,
Gehon and Sweeden.
Perry township, Thursday, Oct. 9—at
Lennox—Bradshaw, Gehon and Sweeden.
At any and all of these meetings an
invitation is extended to members of
other political parties to meet our
speakers and discuss the merits of the in
dependent platform.
By the County Committee,
In Highland township, on Sept. 14, at
the residence of pride's father, Archie H.
Clark and Miss Inoa V. Pelton Rev. V.
B. Conklin, officiating. Quite a large
company of friends were present to share
in the congratulation extended to the hap
py pair, and in the luxurious festivities
of the occasion. The bride and groom
are well and favorably know, and con
gratulations will be general and hearty.
It was a joyous occasion and so may joy,
peace and prosperity over be with these
on lifes surging sea.
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A Pointed Article on the Subject From the
Able Pen of Walter Price, of
Letcher, 8. D.
Hou/ the United States Government Has
Nursed the Railroads From the Pub-.
I lie Crib.
Yery few people among the farmers
and[ other laboring classes are aware of
the Immense amount of land given and
the financial aid rendered to the railroads
of this country to aid their construction.
I wis astonished when I got to reading
the report of the secretary of the interior
as published in the bound volume of
"Message and Documents for 1888-'89
and kindly furnished me by the courtesy
of Hon. J. A. Pickler. It' seems impossi
ble to believe that our government has
been so corrupt, or if not inspired by cor
ruption in many of the cases, so reckless
ly profligate and lavish in its gifts. The
whole matter looks at this day as unwise
arid o? a penny wise and pound foolish
nature, as if inspired by only good na
ture. •.
There is such an immense amount of
such transactions that I can mention but
a few of them. I will not even have time
to add up the items and give up the sum
total of all this nation's wealth—the peo
ple's inheritance—so recklessly squan
dered. I open on page 801 and flndv the
statement that the Union Pacific has re
ceived the greatest subsidy of any rail
road from the United States. On page
8921 find the statement that it had dis
posed of $12,944,789.12 cash, and stand
ing out on time sales, $13,538,861.24.
This .reports up to Dec.. 31, 1887. On
page 910 I find that the principal of
bonds issued by the United States to the
Union Pacific railroad, including the
Kansas Pacific branch, to be $33,530,512,
and the interest paid thereon by the
Uniten States, $40,142,851.74 total, $83,
682,363.74. That is, the government is
sued its bonds to the Union Pacific rail
way, which they sold for cash, and now
the United States has been paying the
delinquent interest on them to the
amount of $40,141 851.74. The United
StSfffiis^tecured• by a second mortgage
on the road-bed. In the meantime the
Union Pacific railroad has credits to the
amount of $23,410,532.33 for transporta
tion, etc.
Well, all this staggers me but I go on
to the next, the Central Pacific. On page
891 I find that up to Dec. 31, 1877, that
3.402,384.34 acres of land had been pat
ented, and total receipts from all sales
amounted to $7,814,434.55. Over to page
910 again I see that the amount of subsi
dy and interest amounts to $60,497,517.
81, with $50,613,180.58 yet unpaid. I now
skip over a few pages and come to the
Northern Pacific railroad. On page 911
I find that the total number of acres re
ceived is 18,383,959,-80, of which 6,339,
140,-01, acres have been sold up to Dec.
31, 1887 for $32,014,405.51 cash, and $4,
084,003.33 on time. I do not notice any
cash subsidy given this railroad, but no
tice that the United States government is
a liberal patron of the company.
And so it goes all the weary way
through. To continue making a con
densed statement, as I have been doin
would fill a page of the Ruralist and
weary the reader beyond endurance. The
average voter knows nothing about these
things. For many years he has been
blindly gulping down everything the g.
o. p.'s have set before him, while the na
tion was being robbed. Without making
any calculation whatever, I will estimate
that enough has been squandered in land
grants and subsidies, if properly used, to
construct three trans-continental rail
roads. Just think, brother farmer, what
a competition three great railroads
stretching from the Atlantic to the Paci
fic and running through our most fertile
country would be!
But 'tis done, and the railroad magnate
sitting in power with his millions of ill
gotten gains, with the banker loaded
with usury on one hftnd, and the distiller
on the other hand with his blood money
wrung from the hearts and souls of the
people, asks in autocratic insolence:
'•What are you going to do about it?"
And the party slave cringes and bows to
his g. o. p. that aided and abetted these
steals and cries aloufcKthat he perfers his
slavery to his liberty, his drunkenness to
sobriety, and that those who are protest
ing against their condition are cranks and
deserve the lash!
O, yes, it makes bie lieart-sicli and re
bellious, too, when I think I m!Vy be re
quired by my governmen% at any time to
leave my family and hijnible home, and
serve my country frJt years at $15
month and forage, ^nd that in event of
disease or wounds incurred thereby can
drag out twenty^.j}ve
the country fOUght t,Q
years of suf­
fering with a pittance of a pension, and
then be expi
to bow my head while
is being rob­
bed, and to cry out: "Great is Diana of
the Ephesians!" Let us have govern
ment ownership of the railroads.—Walter
Price in Dakota Ruralist.
Some of tbe Thoughts That Came to
Man Who Occupies Two of Them.
I have lived on a farm all my life, and
now occupy two abandoned farms which
adjoin my own. Their former owners
got into debt and the farms were sold at
sheriff's sale, and are now owned by men
who are able to live without working a
farm. I remember the hard times of the
"fifties" before the war, and also the
good times just after that "unpleasant
ness," when money was abundant and
all the products of labor brought good
prices. All kinds of business were brisk
and all classes seemed to be prospering,
in spite of the fact that we were then
paying a large war debt. [Oh, we are
paying it still, and our taxes are just as
heavy now as they were when the debt
was more than twice as large.—Ed]
The public officers, apparently jealous
of the prosperity of the people, had their
own salaries doubled, and these have
generally remained unchanged to the
present day, while the prices of the
products of labor have been reduced one
half, and in many cases more than that.
We were told that the prices of those
days were "fictitious" on account of the
prevalent "inflation," and that we must
come down to a "gold basis," and of
course the way to "come down" was by
contraction, and the way we have come
down has been fun for the bondholder,
but death to the farmer. Although in
figures we have already paid more than
one-half of the national debt, it will take
more of the products of labor te paj the
remainder than it would have (tone be
fore a cent had been paid. This is not
an accidental condition it is a premed
itated scheme to rob laborof its jtast
dues. We all ought to know that scarc
ity of any necessary or desirable thing
makes it high in price, and money is no
exception to the rule but money being
the measure of value, the ordinary mind
fails to grasp the idea that money can
be high in price.
But many & tenner knows to his sor
row that it takes double the amount of
produce to get a dollar that it did twen
ty-five years ago, and hence they have
tried every means to increase their crops
only to make the matter worse by helping
to bring down prices. One correspond
ent of The Rural mentioned laziness as
one of the causes of the existence of so
many abandoned farms, but human nat
jyjS 'j" j™*- today asit-was.
twenty-five years ago, and young men
are just as eager to own a farm and
home of their own as ever but they have
seen too many caught in the agricultural
trap to feel like trying it themselves.
They have seen men grow old and gray
in nseless toil trying to pay for a home,
and after they have made improvements,
and in part paid for it, it has perforce of
hard times been sold out, only to help
enrich the money shark and to add one
more to the list of abandoned farms.
The farmer labors under too many dis
advantages. Let me mention a few.
If he waters his milk he is a fit candi
date for the state prison, and a sojourn
there would serve him right but th"
railroad man waters his stock for tlie
same purpose (to get something
for noth
ing), and he is a fit candidate for the
United States senate. The farmer issues
his promise to pay, and pays the interest
on it. The banks issue their promises to
pay and get interest on them. Real es
tate pays an outrageously large dispro
portion of all state taxation. If the
farmer is in debt on his farm he is
for the full amount, while the man who
holds the mortgage often gets off scot
Again, our tariff system on the neces
saries of life causes the poor man to pay
as much of the tax as the rich man, and
causes millions to accumulate in the
United States treasury, and these are
lent to the banks free of interest. Farms
that were bought twenty-five years ago
at $40 per acre will not sell at the pres
ent time for $30. But United States
bonds were bought at forty cents on the
dollar, and were then refunded in such a
way that they are now worth $1.28. The
cause of all this is that we have voted
for money sharks and corporation law
yers to make our laws, and they have
made them in their own interests and
those of their clients. Now, if these
conditions continue to exist it is only a
question of time when the farmer who
Owns the land he tills will be a person
of the past, and his place will be filled
by the miserable tenant farmers so com
mon in the Old World.—W. W. Coats,
Alleghany county, New York, in Sural
New Yorker.
The English Class of Fowls.
For the Dorking fowls great antiquity
is claimed. These fowls have been so
long known in England that they are
called an English breed, and in the
American standard of perfection, as
adopted by the American Poultry asso
ciation, the varieties, white, silver gray
and colored Dorkings, constitute the En
glish class. The general predilection of
the fair sex for Dorkings is accounted for
not only by the beauty of all the varie
ties, but even more by their unrivaled
qualities as table birds. The meat is not
only abundant, producing in large quan
tities in the choicest parts, but its quality
is not surpassed by any other English
breed, game excepted. In no breeds are
size, form ard weight so much regarded
in judging the merits of a pen.
:-1 •:•. ^Y|
$1.00 PER ANNUM.
unrivaled excellence as table birds, the
ease with which they can be prepared!
for market, their docility, the suitabil
ity of the hens for hatching early broods,
being exemplary sitters and mothers,
and last, but by no means least, the fact
that they are in their prime when most
fowls are too old for use.
But no breed is perfect, and the Dork
ings have their failings. They degen
erate more than other breeds from inter
breeding, and soon decrease in size^un
less fresh blood is introduced. They do
not bear confinement well, hence are net
profitable in restricted quarters neither
are they good layers. They are liable to
suffer on wet soils, but, as has been told,
are a most valuable table fowl, and
therefore a profitable breed to rear in
wide, well drained or graveled yai^s.
Seven Tears' Experience with Siids.
Seven years' experience with silos at
the Michigan Agricultural station leads
to the following conclusions: ,The silo
should be built of lumber, an^l located
as near the feeding place as possible, and
on the same level. A silo 33 feet deep,
10 feet wide, and 14 feet long, will be
sufficient for six months' feeding of ten
cows weighing 1.000 pounds each, which
will consume 600 pounds of ensilage
daily. For the silo the corn should not
be harvested until well matured. A
great deal of the feeding value has been
lost in the past by cutting while too
green and succulent. Silage corn should
never be fed alone to obtain the best re
sults, nor in too large proportion when
combined with other fodder. Silage
and clover hay combined make a most
excellent mixture for coarse fodder.
These, with bran, shorts, corn meal,
etc., in proper proportions, make the
most economical food for young cattle
and for making milk and beef.
Raising fast horses is monopolizing
large capital with skill and experienced
professional breeders, who secure the best
bred mares and stallions and maintain a
track and trainers. Farmers who have
not all these facilities cannot compete
with professional breeders besides, if
everybody raises fast horses there would
be a greater surplus than now.—Western
Poultry Picking*.
Eggs should be gathered daily and
stored in a dry place, not a cellar. Fifty
degrees is a safe temperature. Eggs la
tended for hatching should be gently
turned once a day. Egg cases holding:
two or more dozen are convenient for
this purpose. It repays tbe fanner to
properly care for the eggs and not per
mit them to remain longer than a day
in the nest
Never use ashes or lime to mix with
hen manure. If either is used, away
goes the ammonia, which is the most
valuable part of the manure Every
morning with a shovel and scraper th©
floor of the hen house should be thor
oughly scraped and the accumulation
placed in barrels in a dry shed close at
hand. When enough has been stored it
may be used in a semi-liquid form
In warm weather whitewash and car
bolic acid should be applied freely to lie
interior of all henhouses as well as nests
and roosts. We usually whiten up every
thing about the poultry quarters every
three weeks the year around A whiter
building is more attractive than Ainev
one. The fowls like it-. aiiu this alone is
a good reason lot beeping it so
xuoy iikave a Kiarnc to a rarty.
The monopoly press is sick because the
farmers and wage vforkers are taking a
hand in politics. The men who have
been running the political parties seem
to think that the proper place for those
who create the wealth and pay the taxes
is in the fields and' workshops, except on
the day of election, when they should
sally forth and vote for the men who are
nominated by the bosses and rings.
When the people adopt the methods
of the bosses of the two old party lead
ers, and have their candidates nominat
ed for office, they at once become politi
cal criminals, and the bosses talk of driv
ing them out of the party.
If the people see proper to organise
for political purposes, whose business is
it? They have as much right to have a
party as the corporations. The trouble
is with those who have been running
the politics for several years. They
don't want to give the old parties over
to the control of the people, as they know
that when the people take hold of poli
tics those who have been running tha
country politics will be compelled tp
give way for better and more patriotic
men.—San Antonio Labor Journal.
Seeding with Grass.
You may sow grass seed al^ne if the
ground is clear from weeds r^nd the sur
face is fine, rich and me^jjgrw, covering
the seed with a brush 'harrow, smooth-1
ing harrow, plank dra^
Briefly summarized, then, the merits buried at a more uniform depth with a
of the Dorkings are their beauty, their drill—Country Gentleman.
',""" 0'
ty.'v •,
I.: ,..i'
J. i-. ''U
-.v- •f'!
or rou0r.
If the
soil should be too it will be neces
sary to wait till^ j.^ jjgg moistened it.
If rather dr^/^,an otherwise it may bej
best to use/ 'jJjq roller to firm the soil'
around the grass seed. The plank drag
OSCC'G the same end if the conditions.
EaVorahle or you may seed with win-,
tet wheat, or, still better, with winter
srye. Successful seedi with grass alone
will give you a crop s, months sooner?
than if it is shaded by a grain crop. The'
treatment will vary with circumstances
—soil, weather, amount of rain, etc.—
and judgment must be used. Wheat'
a rid grass seed require unlike treatment,:
Uie grain being buried two or tlirea
inches deep, and the gras3 seed less than
inch. The former will probably bei
'M, V$

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