VOL. I. NUMBER 14.
of Directors of the Agricultural
ciety Meet, and Settle Fair
A Complete List of Premiums Awarded on
Farm Products—Premiums Being
CAME OCT EVEN.
The fifth annual, fair of the Lincoln
County Agricultural Society was a suc-
\-Jsfe .wslfsess at least if dollars and cents count for
.^s- anything in the premises. The board of
directors of- the society held a meeting in
taj-Ahe old court house last
justed ihe affairs of the society, audited
'JmIMm/ ^c- and'it
as«BBion comes out "just even" after all
settled and all the
ysfiums paid. Hence it is not true, as has
ft.Jibeeh reported by some, that the associa
-tion lost money in the fifth
and for that reason were unable to
pay the premiums awarded. THE LEAD
KB takes great pleasure in stating that ev
ery successful compeditor for premiums
in the last fair will get the money due
calling on Secretary Nims at his office in
the old court house.
The following is a complete list of the
premiums awarded on cattle, horses, hogs
and larm products:
Four year old draft stallion, O. John
80^, 1st. Goo. McKeown. 2nd.
Hate and colt, H. Wallace, 1st.
Ciiife Jrear old colt, P. Cole, 2nd.
Tito year old colt, E. Abbott, 1st .G.
tking colt, K. Eakle, 1st Ole Skor
I -V ROADSTER.
ion 4 year old, Geo. McKeown, 1st.
?Mare and colt, F. R. Aikens, 1st.
Sucking colt, F. R. Aikens, 1st.
Colt 2 year old, A. A. Arnold, 1st.
Lot ft-B, cow 4 year old and over, H.
Lot#-B, heifer 1 year old and under 9,
',?y. •. n. Wallace, 1st.
sap Lot 6-B, Short horn cow, W. J. Hill.
Lot 6-B, Jersey calf, T. P. Thompson,
Lot 6-B, Holstein bull under 2 years,
A. Repp, 1st.
Lot 3-B, Holstein'bull, Paxton Bros, 1st
Lot 1-B, Holstein heifer, Paxton Bros..
Lot 1-B, Holstein bull calf, Paxton
Lot 3-B, Short horn bull, F. 11. Beck,
Lot 6-B, bull calf, M. Cuppett, 2nd.
Lot 3-B, Holstein cow, F. H. Huetsou,
Loiu: [-A. 2 year old bull. Nims Bros
Jersey cow, 4 year old, W.
Lot 4-X, Jersey calf, W. Fowler, 2nd.
Lot 1-A, calf 1 year and under 2 years,
Nims Bros., 1st.
Lot 1-A, calf, Nims Bros., 1st.
"LotC-A, calf, Nims Bros., 1st.
Lot 1-A, 2 year old bull, sweepstake
and diploma, Nims Bros.
Lot 1, pair of pigs under 6 months,
Sioux Valley Poland China Pig Co., 1st
Nims Bros., 2nd.
Lot 5, pair of pigs under 6 months, H.
Lot 1, boar 1 year old, Sioux Valley
Poland China Pig Co., 1st Nims Bros.,
Lotl, 6 months and under 1 year, Nims
Lot 1, best brood sow, Nims Bros., 1st
Sioux Valley Poland China Pigs Co. 2nd.
1 year old and over, Sioux
Valley Poland China Pig Co., 1st.
Lot 1, sow and litter of pigs, Sioux Val
ley Poland China Pig Co., 1st and 2nd.
Lot 1. sow under 1 year, I. N Martin,
IVot 5-E. brood sow, F. Cole, 1st, 2nd.
jjRipJqtig wool buck. F. M. Hart
zellrlst and 2nd.
Lot D, medium buck, F. M. Hartzell
Lot D, fine buck, F. M. Hartzell, 1st
Lot D, medium ewes, F.
!T»F POULTRY, LOT E.
'AS Pair of duck," A. Wallace, 1st.
Pair of red Bantam, A. Wallace, 1st F.
1 A. Williams, 2nd.
Turkeys, A. Wallace', 1st.
Pigeons, A. Wallace, 1st.
I Pair of geese, Nims Bros.' 1st: F. A.
Pekin ducks, Nims Bros., 1st.
Rouen ducks, Nims Bros., 1st.
Pair of-Pfymouth Rock fowls, F. A.
Williams, 1st Nims Bros., 2nd.
Light Bramahs, F. A. Williams, 1st.
White Wyandottes. Eff.v Paxton, 1st
»wF. A. Williams, 2nd.
White Leghorn. Frank North. 1st F.
Pair of Cochins, Ed. Logan, 1st F. A.
Pair of black Bantams, F. A. Williams,
1st and 2nd.
Display poultry, F. A. Williams.
Plymouth Rock chicks J. A. Godding,
Langchans, F. A. Williams, 1st.
After Whimpering All Summer He Withdraw From
The Farmers' Leader.
CANTON. Sept. 18—To THE BOARD OF
DIRECTORS OF THE SOUTH DAKOTA
FARMERS' LEADER Gentlemen, I hereby
tender my resignation as a member of
the board of directors, of THE SOUTH
DAKOTA FARMERS' LEADER, and wish at
the same time to sever all connections
with the paper for the following reasons:
When we organized the stock company,
it was with the express understanding
that the paper was to be the organ of the
farmers of this and adjoining counties to
advocate measures and legislation in the
interest of the farmers' and not the
measures or supposed principles of any
party. The paper was supposed to be
started on a broad basis and to advocate
such reforms as would put the farmers
on an equal footing with other classes
and for the free exchange of opinions in
regard to farming and agricultural pur
suits the reforms needed and the manner
in which they might be best brought
about. I.have searched the .paper dili
gentty bat in' vain, for -any of-'these
things, or any thing pertaining to farm
ing. At a meeting of the directors held
Saturday, Sept. 6th it was voted by four
out of nine to make the paper the
organ for the independent party. Four
men, not even a majority of the directors,
acting for all the stock holders, assumed
to change the policy of the papier with
out consulting the stock holders. Why
was not a meeting of the stock holders
called to take action on so grave a matter?
The gag rule was applied in that meet
ing, for when a majority voted to adjourn
without action, they even ruled out of
order by the chairman. No political
body or corporation could have acted
more arbitrarily than did those four men,
presuming to act for all the stock holders.
The charge has been by these same men
that the other papers and the party they
represenWwere controlled by ring rule
and the farmers had no chance to be
heard and that politically the offices were
controlled by a ring who made up the
slate and cracked the party lash. What
have they tosay'for ring rule and slate
politics in their own convention? The
charge has been made by the Canton
papers that the men who were the most
active in forming the company and start
ing the paper, were working for their
own political advancement, and would
endeavor to sell the farmers out, body
and soul to the independent party and
ihey have themselves proven the truth of
ihe asscrsion for they have now pulled
Lhe paper into their support and nomi
nated tliemselyes. Farmers, are you
-joing to stand this sort of a thing? We
are in the majority in the republican
party and can, if we are united, get any
mcasurs of reform we may need, through
that party. For myself I do not propose
to give up the principle of a lifetime for
the personal advancement of a few
chronic grumblers and office seekers.
^9}^ *t$$'' "a.*# *$&?"' /j£„*^pvi
HADN'T BEEN ADVERTISED.
The Dayton Township Meeting Saturday Falls
Short in Printer's Ink.
BANNER, Sept. 22.—Special Correspon
dence: The independent revival meeting
held at the Brown school house in this
(Dayton) township last Saturday evening
was very meagerly attended owing to the
tact that it had been insufficiently adver
tised. It is a bad time now to hold meet
ings of any* kind for the reason that
farmers are very busy threshing during
the day and they dislike to come out
evenings. The meeting was addressed by
vice President Gehon, of the county Al
liance and Hon. H. H. Bradshaw, candi
date for state senator on the independent
ticket. Mr. Gehon spoke for about an
hour explaining the motives and missions
of the Alliance and reviewing the good
work the order had accomplished in bring
ing the farmers together and destroy
ing the party lines* which have hereto
fore been drawn between them. Mr.
Bradshaw occupied the attention of the
audience something* over an hour and
spoke very forcibly to the wrongs impos
ed upon the farmers through the old poli
tical parties and outlined the remedy for
existing evils through the independent
party. Mr. Bradshaw has heretofore
been a stranger among the people of this
township and his speech here left a very
favorable impression. Let him come
again and we will give him a better
The young people belonging to the
Epworth League of the Methodist church
held a pleasant social meeting at the
residence of J. A. God nig Wednesday
Democrats Nominate a Full Coi/nty Ticket
Some Good Men on a Whiskey
Independents Aliue AH Over the Country-
interesting Letters From Leader
TnE DEMOCRATIC TICKET.
State senator J. B. BERTRAND.
P. H. DEVITT.
Representatives, -J W. H. WUMKE.
On motion of J. B. Bertrand, of Can
ton, A. A. Friesmon, of Lennox, was se
lected as temporary chairman. On taking
the chair Mr. Friesmon expressed his re
gret at the selection made but said he
would fill the position to the best of his
ability, on straight democratic principles,
although this was his first attempt in a
place of this kind.
Dr. Smith nominated W. H. Curtis, of
Lennox for temporary secretary. -I
On motion of Mr. Bertrand the chite
appointed E. Norton, J. B. Bertrand and
B. T. Sundvold as committee on cre
Dr. F. P. Smith, Steve Jones and P. H.
Devitt were appointed a committee on
resolutions. ."V:"-''V ..
The committed on credentials reported
delegations from Parry, Lynn, Delaware.
Lincoln, Canton City, Canton township,
Fairview and Dayton, precincts entitled to
seats in the convention.
Mr. Lund, of LaValley was admitted
as delegate from that township by a vote
of the convention.
The temporary organization was on
motion of Mr. Bertrand, made permanent,
but at the request of Mr. Friesmon, the
temporary chairmau, Mr. E. Norton was
made permanent chairman.
After taking the chair, Mr, Norton was
called upon for a speech. He said that
somehow or other he had got it into his
head that the republican party was not
what they represented themselves to be.
They claimed that for thirty years this
country had been animated with endless
prosperity, but the condition of the farm
ers proved otherwise. He pointed to
republican misrepresentations in Iowa
where that party claimed that tliu mort
gage indebtedness amounted to only 4
per cent while an examination of the re
cords had proven their indebtedness to be
over 30 per cent. About the same pro
portion of truth was found in ail their
statements. Every body knew, said he,
that farmers were oppressed. What
causes it? The iniquitous tariff is one
important cause. Let the monopolies of
trusts and combinations among manu
facturers be broken up by the reduction
of the tariff to a revenue basis and the
farmers would come nearer to getting
their share of the profits. Jim Blaine
advocated reciprocity for South America
but if it is any good for us in South
America it is good in every quarter of the
earth. He denounced the repblicans for
attempting to amend the constitution
permitting them to run the state in debt
t500,()00 more. More economy needed.
Mr. Bertrand made a speech in
which he strongly advocated more united
aption among the democrats of this coun
ty. If this could be had, in two years
more, Lincoln county would go democrat
ic. This fall the democrats would poll
500 votes and the independants 600,
which would leave the republicans scarce
ly 800 votes.
Mr. Curtis said that at least one third
of the enemy's strength had been reduc
ed by the loss of the independents and if
the democrats would pull off their coats
and work, they would carry the county at
the next election.
The committee on resolutions reported
the following platform which was receiv
ed with applause and adopted
Resolved. That we. the members ol the demo
cratic party of Lincoln county. South Dakota,
reafirm our adhession to the national demodra
t.iV plntfnvcfi nf
That we favor a tariff for revenue only:
That we are in favor of an economical admin
istration of our national and state affairs, and
favor a free and fair election by secret ballot:
That we are in favor of a resubmission of the
A Faithful LEADER in the Cause of Economy and Reform, the Defender of Truth and Justice, trie Foe of Fiaud and Corruption.
CANTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1890.
CREAM Of THE WEEK'S NEWS.
County judge OSCAR RAY.
Clerk of courts FRANK NIMS.
States attorney S. B. AVERILL.
Sheriff .J. D. RICHARDSON.
Treasurer J. V. CONKLIN
Auditor A. A. FR1ESMON.
Register of deeds. .W. H. WILKINSON.
Superintendent H. B. LUND.
Coroner. ...DR. F. P. SMITH.
Surveyor WALLACE CURTIS.
Commer's. 2nd Dist JOHN SCHOEN.
The democrats had a pretty day for
their connty convention Saturday, but
the attendance was very slim and the in
terest manifested meager. Only about
half the townships were represented in
the convention and only about twenty
delegates were present. Doctor Smith, of
-Canton called the convention' to order at
half past three o'clock and stated the pur
pose of the convention by reading tha
prohibition clause in our state constitution
That we -favor liberal pensions to all worthy
That we welcome foreign-born citizens to our
shores, and offer them protection in all their
That we adhere firmly to the principles of
onr(, government as laid down in the. declara
tion of independence and denounce the repub
lican party for incompetency and duplicity in
holding out receprocity in one hand ana the Mc
Kinley bill in the other
That we charge the republican party with
trying to steel the well-earned honors of demo
cracy in the claim that to them was due the
credit of admitting to the union North and
South Dakota, Washington and Montana
Ttaat we charge the republican party with
broken pledgesln advocating free whiskey and
tobacco in its platform and by legislation fur
That we emphatically denounce the rulings
of Speaker Beed in transacting business with
out a quorum, and in denying the minority in
congress the right of debate, as unjust and
That we denounce the action of Gov. Mellette
in declaring the state impoverished, and its
citizens in need of aid: we charge him with do
ing immeasurable damage to the credit and
financial standing of our young comaonwealth
and we beleive his action in soliciting aid from
eastern sources was to serve a personal end ds
against' the best interests of the state,
The ticket appearing at the head of this
column was then nominated by viva voce
The following County Central Com
mittee was chosen: Dr. F. P. Smith, chair
man, Geo. Groenveld, Lennox, J. Drey,
Delaware, B. T. Sundvold, Lynn, E. Fris
bie, La Valley, Bruce Oliver, Canton.
At the close of the business of the con
vention, Mr. Bertrand made a' speech in
which he strongly advocated the taxing of
mortgages etc. and the reduction of the
salaries of state and county officers, thus
substantially endorsing the platform of
the independent party touching on these
FB0K MUSI 00USTT.
PlMMd With the Finns' Leader—0r«p letter
turn Last Tear—Felitioe.
HOWARD, Sept. 15.—Special Corre
tpondeHee: Have received several copies
of TBS FARMERS' LEADER and are well
pleased with it. Put my name on your
regular subscription list. Wish there
were many more such papers in this
Our crops are poor again this year but
we are much better off than we were last
year. Wheat will Average about ten
bushels per acre in this county. Corn is
very poor and its hard telling how it will
'go.ijOats are about thirty bushels per
The political pot is boiling in good
shape. The three legislative tickets in
th9^7.*anty_are all composed of farmers,
but all the independents but one will be
elected. The prospective defeat of this
one is due to a blunder in
President Loucks, of the state Alliance,
and now soon to be Governor Loucks,
speaks in Howard, Oct. 3. It would be
well for Mr. Leavitt to be here then or at
some future time. C.
JOINT DISCUSSIONS IN LINCOLN.
Two Bepublican Ministers Get an Affectionate
Hugging at Lincoln Center.
MAPLE GROVE. Sept. 16.—Special Cor
respondence: Averitable political hug
ging bee took place at the Center school
house near this place Saturday evening
between Henry Bradshaw and Jere Gehon
of the independent side and John Imlay
and D. F. Benjamin representing the re
publicans. It was the evening for the
regular meeting of the local Alliance of
Lincoln township and a fair crowd came
out to hoar the discussion which lasted till
two o'clock Sunday morning. It is use
less to state that the fur flew in all di
rections and at this writing, four days
after the battle, the smoke has not all
cleared away yet. The merits of both
parties, the question of issuing money di
rectly to the people, the tariff, the aboli
tion of the national banks, government
ownership of railroads and a variety of
questions were handled without gloves,
and after the conclusion of the conflict it
was discovered that the republicans came
out severly worsted, if argument counts
for anything. During the debate the
two republican apostels became so be
wildered that tliey locked horns with one
another on the question of salary reduc
tions, Mr. Benjamin stating that he
wanted it distinctly understood that the
republicans did not advocate the cutting
Aown of the salaries of officers and Mr.
Imlay, with blood in his eye, responded
emphatically, that Mr. Benjamin was not
the republican party. It would be well,
Mr. Editor, for you to advise the repub
licans to not let these animals loose again.
WEDNESDAY EVENING'S MEETING.
MAPLE GROVE, Sept. 18.—Special Cor
respondence: As had been previously an
nounced, J. F. Cooley, editor of the
FARMERS' LEADER, came to make us a
speech at the Lincoln Center school house
last evening. It was late before the
speaker arrrived and the meeting did not
brake up until after midnight. The
meeting was opened with prayer by Rev.
Conklin. Mr. Cooley devoted most of his
time—about one hour—to a discussion of
the first plank of the independent plat
form, involving thef question of issuing
money directlv to the people. He said
that the republican speakers, newspapers
and drv goods box preachers, had raised
the cry of impracticability at this pro
position. He wanted to expel any such
LContinned on paj»e live.
A SOLD BHD MAN.
H. L. Loucks, Independent Candidate for
Governor, Addresses a Large House
He Admits That he is Bad, but Became a
Citizen of The United States Eleven
The mass meeting of independents and
other voters of Lincoln county, held
in Canton Monday afternoon, was attend
ed by about 500 people. A great many
more would have come but for the fact
that every conceivable obstacle was
thrown in the way of those desirous to
hear Messrs Loucks and Zipp speak, to
discourage them from coming. Among
the stories circulated through the country
to discourage people from coming to the
meeting was that the state central com
mittee of the democratic and inde
pendent parties had consummated a
deal by which Loucks and Leavitt were
withdrawn from the ticket and owing to
this Mr. Loucks had declined to fill his
engagement. A number of similar yarns
kept a great,
many from coming out.
The meeting-was held in Bedford's hall
and was called to order at half past two
o'clock by Jere Gehon -who was on
motion mad* .. chairman. Mr- .Gehon.
made quite a speech before introducing
Mr* Loucks, in which he reviewed at
some length, the merits and work of the
Farmers Alliance* the state organization
of which Mr. Loucks is president.
Mr. Loucks took the floor amid loud
applause. He said he appreciated the
fact that so many ladies had come to hear
him. The women had his sympathy above
all other people in this oppressed condition
of the country because they had not
had the opportunity by which to make
things better. The men have had the
chance and haven't improved it. He had
noticed that the women were taking con
siderable interest in this campaign, and
men sire thoroughly aroused over the
condition of affairs. Why is it that
you are taking such an Interest in this
work? No one who reads can deny that
there is something wrong somewhere.
There is no country wherein the natural
resources are so great as here and yet
there is complaint and dissatisfaction
upon every hand. From every state in
the union comes the cry of oppression.
Mr. Loucks briefly reviewed the prevail
ing condition of affairs throughout the
country and stated that it was nearly all
due. to the unsatisfactory condition of
money, transportation and land systems
of this country.
The Independent party proposes to
change the present system, first by giv
ing the people,
MONEY AT COST.
He read the first plank of the new party
platform in reference to this question and
outlined a number of different plans by
which the money can be put in circula
tion as easily and more so than hereto
fore. Some one had sent him a copy of
a Canton paper (the Advocate) which for
some obscure reason refered to' the inde
pendent party as "the so-called indepen
dent party and the so-called platform of
the etc." He did not understand why
this paper would thus refer to this party
and this platform because from the
amount of ado this paper made over
them, the independent party is evident
ly a very real party jrnd._tf*e platform evi
dently a very real platform, [applause.]
The editor of this paper has evidently a
very confused understanding of the
money system of this country. He read
an extract from an article published in
the Advocate several weeks ago in which
that paper presumed to critisize the
money plank of the independent plat
form by assuming the supposition that
under the proposition to give the people
''money at cost." the government would
be made to start its printing presses to
work at issuing money and sending it out
to the people regardless of value etc. He
was surprised to hear of a man who was
silly enough, who haden't any more
brains than to suppose any such thing.
The independent party did not propose to
do any such thing and the fact that the
editor of the Advocate was silly enough
to suppose any such a plan would be
adopted, demonstrated how little he
knew about the financial system of this
country. No sane man, said the speaker,
had ever advocated the idea of the govern
ment starting its printing presses to work
making money and no sane man would
suppose that this would be done under
indepennent party rule. He was sur
prised that any school boy didn't know
better than this.
The advocates of the old party doctrines
have also a very confused idea of the
definition of the word coin, in the consti
tution. said the speaker. They invari
ably construed it as meaning that it ap
plied to silver or gold alone. This was
narrow, for the best authority upon this.
No business man has ever disputed the
statement that more money, a greater
volume of currency was needed to carry
on the business of the ooilntry upon any
thing like a cash basis. Yet the republic
an party in its recent silver legislation,
had actually demonetized silvern.
The government has a right to make
money out of anything it chooses, and on
this theory the paper dollar is just as
good as the gold for if it were not for the
government stamp upon the gold it is not 4
a dollar. Mr. Loucks proved this by the
statement that if a man take and hammer
out the gold in a gold dollar so as to en
tirely oblitterate the government stamp
upon it. then recoin it himself and pass
it, he would be liable to the law punish
ing counterfieiting as much as he who
makes a paper dollar.
In regard to the matter of government
loans Mr. Loucks said that this was no v'
experiment neither according to the sub
treasury bill nor the Stanford bill. The
government had been loaning out money
to the national banks at one per cent in
terest for twenty years or more and the
farmers should have the same right. If
it is unsafe to loan money out of the na
tional treasury .upon real estate security,
of the state school fund upon real estate n.
security. Yet the law authorised the'^
state to do this. Moreover, if the other,
is unconstitutional, why is not this? ',
Mr. Loucks called the attention of his
hearers to the fact that if Christopher
Columbus, when he first landed in thin-'
country four hundred years ago, had r-f
started a bank with a capital of
dollar which he had placed out at interest
up to the present it would have' aceumu
lated more wealth than the entire wealth
of the United States today. This showed"
that 7 per cent interAt is too much for
money and that this would soon ruin the
country. This is one thing :that has
brought you farmers to the present con
dition. You have paid tribute to capital]
so long that they roll in luxury and
wealth while you can't even wear decent
clothes nor educate your children as you
ought. While the republican party was
denouncing the principles of the in
dependent party, F. W. Smith, in com
menting on stringency in .the money
market, recently said "the govern
ment is a hog. There would be no need
of any stringency in the money market, if
the government would give us enough
money to do business with." This was
great financial authority and yet it agreed
with the teachings of the independent
party. But if Loucks had said "the
government is a hog," the papers would
all say that Loucks is Anitrchist. [Great.
laughter and applause.]
$1.00 PER ANNllfMJ^^
subject did not interpret the word in that
way. On the contrary, the word "coin'
means "make" or "create"—that was
the definition placed upon the term by
Jndge Tiffany of the New York supreme
The papers all said that Loucks was u,
very bad man. He would admit this,
also that he was a crank, a rascal, an
office seeker. He would admit all of that
and if any one had occasion to doubt this
he could prove it by reference to the Can
ton Advocate and Sioux Valley News.
NO FUSION WITH DEMOCRATS.
Touching upon the question of fusion
with th? democrats which had been rais
ed, he said he would dare any man to pro
duce the proof that therSwas one word of
truth in this whole statement. The in
dependent party was organized for prin
ple aud the men who lT8d been nominated
would be elected. The independent party
would stand by Frank Leavitt until the
last no matter how often the republican
papers claimed otherwise. [Great and
enthusiastic applause.] Mr. Loucks
spoke for over two hours and was fre
quently and heartily applauded. Owing
to engagements elsewhere, Mr. Zipp.
could not be here to speak.
A BBEWEB IN TBOUBLE.
Hans Htsdschaigel. Into Troible Agiin for Ballisg.
The following telegram appeared in last
Wednesday's Sioux City Journal:
CANTON, Sept. 23.—Special: A. Hand
scheigle, the brewer of this place, was ar
rested yesterday on a charge of selling in
toxicating liquor unlawfully. While look
ing for bondsmen he managed to
sheriff and made a lively rush for Iowa.
On finding that his man had skipped the
sherriff instituted a lively search, but it
was not until this morning that the pris
oners whereabouts were discovered. The
sheriff went over to Beloit on the early
train and found his man, but Handschei
gel, who seriously objected to coming
back, seized a post and hung on for dear
life. The sheriff secured assistance and
"Hans" was forced to let go his hold on
the post, taken over the bridge and
brought to this city. ^The'prisoner is now
in jail awaiting an examination. Our
leading attorneys are of the opinion that
the case is likely to prove an interesting
one. in wluch SOUK interesting inter-state
questions are involved. Handscheigel is
an old offender and has served several
terms in pul for selling liquor unlawfully.
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