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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, October 03, 1890, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1890-10-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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Hie .fawns' IfeatU*.
A REVOLUTION is taking place in the
drinking habits of the Japanese. The
rice brandy called "saki," w£ich has
been so long their national beverage,
is being supplanted by beer brewed
after the German method.
DAVIS DAMON, the American who
swam across the English channel, says
that he found the temperature of the
water to change six times on his way
across, and this added to the cause of
the extreme exhaustion he suffered.
SOME one has invented an electric
mouse-trap. It consists of an electric
cage containing^heese. The mice natu
rally approach it for purposes of in
vestigation, but the instant they touch
the wires an electric current strikes
them dead.
MONEY lenders in Italy used to dis
play the money they had to lend out on
a banco, or bench. When one of these
money lenders was unable to continue
business his bench or counter was
broken up, and he himself was spoken
of as a bancorotto, i. e., a bankrupt.
ONLY fifteen cases of insanity in any
way referable to the effects of the
Johnstown flood have been discovered,
and of these seven had been insane be
fore the flood and had been restored.
Of the eight who had not been previous
ly insane two were quite old and one
intemperate.. Finally seven oftthese in
sane persons recovered under hospital
IN some hospitals in Europe it is cus
tomary to allo^r Visitors to converse on
certain days by nleans of a telephone
in a waiting-room with patients in the
wards, and. this arrangement has been
found to work adpairably, as it. not in
frequently happens that.^the nervous
state of the patient or the possibility of
infection of the visitor renders closer
communication inadvisable.
JOHN BBOWN, son of John Brown of
Harper's Ferry fame, lives quietly at
Put-in Bay, O., where he cultivates a
small vineyard and fruit farm. He is
an old man now, having been one of
the prominent persons in the stirring
period in which his father figured. He
is much annoyed by tourists, who insist
upon hunting him up and disoussing
the exciting events around Harper's
Ferry just prior to the war.
THE sudden, unexpected death of
three persons has saved the life of' one
man. Azero Polley, a West Virginian,
was to be tried for an assault on Julia
Hester, the penalty of which, in that
State, is death. The only witness was
the girl heifeelf, her sister and her
mother, and all three of these were
killed a few days ago in 4 railroad dis
aster on the Chesapeake and Ohio. The
case against Polley has, therefore, nec
essarily been dismissed.
THE maternal instinct of a bird waat
touchingly exhibited, in defense of her
young, a few days ago, in Neuendorf,
Prussia. The lightning had fired a
barn wherein, for years, a pair of
storks had had their nest. The flames
soon reached the nest in- which the
brood was screaming. The mother
stork, with the fire every moment
threatening to destry her, refused to
desert, her little ones, and heroically
spread her wings over them. Thus they
and she perished.
AN army officer who had been travel
ing in the far Northwest says- that the
largest trees in t)ie world are to be
found in the vicinity of Mount Tacoma.
Many of them are 650 feet high, and
placed alongside the big trees."of Cali
fornia they would rear their lofty tops
more tljan 100 feet above the tallest of.
them. There are trees fit the base of
the mountain, he says, whose foliage is
so far above the ground that it is impos-.
Bible to 'tell to what family they belong
except by the bark.* "I wish," he adds,
"that some of these prodigious trees
could be exhibited at the World's fair."
Undoubtedly they would be a. wonder
ful sightrfor every visitor.
THE record of this, year has .been
such'iliat peoplewait witi a ^ertainty,
amounting almost to stolidityj the re
port ef some serious disaster for1 every
day in the week but there is an ele
ment i? the matter that sets one think
ing, aside from the ^recurrences of acci
dents. Hpw does it happen that there
is so apt to be a coincidence in the
character of the! crimes and the acci
dents of a giveh day of a given week?
Why, because a car, upon a switchback
railroad in Pennsylvania, breaks loose,
runs down a mountain and kills a num
ber of passengers and employes, should.
another car, nearly 3,000 miles away,
in California, do the same thing? One
can readily understand how the influ
ence of example may lead persons
whose minds are not well adjusted to
imitate the crimes of others, but it is
not easy to account for the coincidences
which do not involve volition. 'v
AN undertaker's establishment 'is
always ready to attend the burial of an
%M 'Sms -y
THE people of California are said to
have the impression that when Senator
Leland Stanford dies he will leave his
vast fortune of $10,000,000 to the
THE French governmebt is said to
pay newspapers (400,000 in subsidy.
That is not exactly the method in this
country. The editors are sent on for
eign missions or given, lucrative offices
at home.
ordinary corpse at
but when a man requires funeral prep
arations of an unusual kind his pru
dent and sensible course is to getevery.
thing ready in kdvance. So thought
Mr. Bitter, of Fayetteville, Ark., who
measures sixty inches around the waist
and weighs 500 pounds. Knowing -that
the coffin which a man of his great size
would require might, if called for sudt
denly, tax the lumber yards and under*
taker shops of Fayetteville beyond their
capacity, he has had his coffin built. It
is an imposing structure, with handles
for twelve pall-bearers. Mr. Kittef
that he is ready to go when*
ever the Lord may call, and is confi
dent that while great soldiers and
prominent statesmen have had larger
funerals than his will be, none of them
have ever had a larger coffin.
A LADY of Warsaw advertised in the
papers that she was willing to accept
proposals for marriage, and. giving a
of herself, she also enumer
her suitor. Among tl
she mentioned that he must be the
owner of real estate. She received
many letters in reply, but one of them
was striotly original. The writer said
that he possessed all that the lady de
sired in her future husband. He was
good-looking, he held a responsible po
sition, had many friends and was re
ceived in good sooiety, and could sup
port a family comfortably. As to real
estate, he had that, too he was owner
of a plot of ground in a cemetery which
was large enough to accommodate him,
a wife and six ohildren. The lady se
lected the writer of this letter from the
whole number of suitors. She opined
that a young man of his position who
had thought of acquiring graves for
himself and a large family before he
was married .was surely worthy of the
endowment of her hand and heart.
AWAY over in the extreme northeast
corner of the State of Virginia is the
most curious city ever seen. The en
tire corner of the State has for time out
of mind been owned by the Franklin
family. The land was absolutely of no.
use, but the part of the estate under
water was good for oysters, the flavor
of which made them famous. For
nearly fifty years everyone and any one
helped themselves to the bivalves. It
was not, in fact, until the death of the
owner that any effort was made to
make any money out of the only pro
duct of the property. From that time
on the boom in Franklin City was
on, until to-day there are a hundred
houses. Every house stands on piles,
and is from three to four feet above the
surface of 'the ground. The best and
most pretentious structure of the city
is a huge frame hotel, in which the
rates are seven cents a day, with a
liberal reduction for permanent board
ers and families. One of the most curi
ous things are the wella. Most of these
are covered with water at all times. It
seems quite strange to be drawing pure,
fresh spring water'from the bottom oi
the salt water bay.
About Lonff Life.
It is no simple matter to state in
terms at all precise what forces are
directly connected with the production
of hale and happy old age. More cer
tainly is involved in the progress thai)
mere strength of constitution. Healthy
surroundings, contentment and active,
temperate and regular habits are most
valuable aids. Hard work, so long, at
least, as it is not carried beyond the
limit necessary to permit the timely
repair of., worn tissues, is not only a
harmless but a conducive circum
stance. It is, in' fact, by living, as far
as possible, a life in' accordance with
natural law that. we. may dxpect to
reap the appropriate results in its pro
longation. Civilization is,at once help
ful and injurious. Under its protect
ing influence normal development at
all ages is allowed and fostered, while
the, facilities it affords for self-indul*
genoe are constantly acting in an op
posite direction. The case of Hugh
Macleod, aged almost 107, which has
lately been published, illustrates in a
remarkable manner the truth of these.
This man, a Boss-shire Highlander, in
what must be the somber twiligh^ of A
blameless and fairly active life spent
in his native country, still shows, it is
said, a notable, degree of vigor. He
takes a lively interest in the affairs ,of
life, has A good appetite, is generally
healthy, cuts-and carries Lis peat for
household use, fend goes about among
his neighbors as of old His food is of
the' plainest, though. nutritious—por
ridge fist, a.little meat and his habit
in this and other matters is not un
worthythe attention of many who are
daily hastening, by opposite courses,
the end of a merrier, shorter,1 but per
haps no happier life:-,
j. Believed P^Tt of It. -..rdp.^'v
^ill—A.jieculiar thing happened tc.
me the, other night.: .„n« .-/hum-.
Bill—Whftt wis it?
•Will—I was asleep and the stopping
of my clock wo^e me, up.
Bill—The stopping or your block?
Will—Ye*. .Dori't youbelieve it?
Bill—Oh, yes, I .believe the clock
stopped. ...jiT Ay .'.ft
A MAP by Padre Marchi shows that
one of the Roman, catacombs occupies an
area of nine furlongs in greatest length
by seven in greatest width. A recent
calculation from this map places
the area of the entire aeries of catacombs
at sixty times this amount, and the 1
total length of the subteraanean streets
at not less than 500 miles. This agrees
very closely with Padre Marchi's esti
mate by a different method. He conjec
tured tint there may have been twenty
confraternities of diggers, and that
these might have excavated about
seventy feet of road and 100 graves
every day and this, taking two com
plete centuries as the time which the
catacombs continued to be used an
Christian cemeteries, gives a to*al of
720 miles, and 6,000,000 grave jg
ures, however, that Paclre March.
6idered much too small.
iM mmw
An Addrtfos by
S.W., mi tlie
Amir. 87,1809.
FARMERS: We Have gathered to
gether from the four quarters of the
country to counsel together as to the
ibest methods of conducting our busi
ness, and to learn by each other's ex
periences, that we may profit by our
successes and guard against a repeti
tion of our failures. And it is well
that we should thus meet. Each
year adds to our store of knowledge,
and should render us more use
ful and helpful to each other.
1 have been asked to present a few
thoughts upon the political obliga
tions of the farmer, which I shall do
from a purely non-partisan stand
point, ana although written especially
for the farmer they are applicable to
every man who follows an industrial
Two-fifths of the voters in the
United States are directly engaged in
agriculture, and the other th'ree
fifths are as directly interested in the
welfare of the agriculturalist. Four
fifths of the taxes of the nation are
paid by the farmer, and our interests
extend t6 every county and town
ship. Our products enter into nearly
all the commercial transactions, fur
nishing 80 per cent of our vast export
trade, and the raw material for many
of.the manufactures that contribute
to the prosperity of the people are
furnished by us. The Immense carry
ing trade of our railroads, aggregat
ing in freights and fares for the year
1889, nearly a billion of dollars, is
mainly dependent upon agriculture.
In the role of commerce, a generous
portion of our imports must also be
credited to the farmer. In a political
way he easily nolds the balance of
power in the nation, while in many
of the states he has an actual work
ing majority. He is intelligent, pat
riotic, conservative, frugal, temper
ate, law-abiding, home making and
home loving. The primary prosperity
of the country rests upon his success.
Crime, vagrancy, pauperism, .idleness,
vice are at a minimum with him.
The country undoubtedly owes a
great debt to the rural population
but here comes the question: Who
constitute the country? Are not the
farmers themselves component parts
of that same country, and does
not the possession of numbers,,
power, wealth and other
deep and important interests
carry with it a corresponding respon
sibility?, Are we not citizens? And
does not that entail certain duties
upon us, certain duties that we
have no right to neglect? Possess
ing as we do such vast interests
that must be controlled,. under our
form of government, by political
action, are we fulfilling our duty if
through indifference we fail to study
and practice political as well as scien
tific agriculture? There exists (and
no well informed man will question
it, however he may differ from my
conclusions as to the remedy) a griev
ous and disastrous agricultural de
pression in nearly every portion of the
Union. Farming has ceased to. Re
ward the husbandman as. it was.wonfo
his debts increase, and his debt -pay
ing ability decreases. Dissatisfac
tion and unrest pervade the land.
For generations prior to the war,
the American farmer was the peer,
socially, politically and financially of
any class in the land. Slowly but
surely he grew with the country. As
the national domain broadened by
opening up new states, so his acres in
creased. His children grew to man
hood and womanhood and settled
contentedly upon new farms, and
added their share toward the general
progress of the country. Socially,
either at home or abroad, he was re
spected and self respecting. Polit
ically, he filled creditably the position
of president, senator, congressman,
judge, governor, cabinet and foreign
minister, state and county offices to
the full extent his numbers' and in
terests entitled him. The country
prospered, strikes were rare, tramps
unknown, and the Briariun armed
mortgage flourished not-
Then came the war and a new
order of things. While the patriotic
farmer boys were at the front, shoul
der to shoulder with their town and
city brothers, fighting for the land
they loved because it was their very
own, a set of politicians managed to
secure the reins of the government,
and by bold chicanery and secret in
trigue, by golden arguments and
treacherous falsehoods, have held it
for five and twenty years, and to-day
mark the change.'
Have we a farmer president? No.
Have we farmer senators? Two
out of seventy-four.
Have we farmer representatives?
Fifteen out of three hundred arid
Judges? Unheard of. .,
Governors? Barely.
Control of state legislatures? Vgry
Has the country grown? Very rap
idly, population doubled, wealth
wonderfully increased.
How is it with the farmer? Has
his numbers increased with the In
crease of population? Yes. •,
Have his attres increased in propor
tion? No.
Has his wealth increased in just
proportion?No, far from-it. ID1850'
he .oWined 70 per cent of, the property
Of the United States in 1880.. 33 per
cent and it? is almost certain that
the census of 1890 will reduce that to
15 or 20i per cent. Has he been re
lieved of a proportionate share of
taxes? Ah, no, In i860 he paid 80
per cent and in 1885,80 per cent that
is one blessing he enjoys unmolested-
Are his sons taking warning by
their father's mistakes and seeking
to better their condition? Yes, by
leaving the farm and flocking to the
already overcrowded cities.
'The only crop that seems to flourish
and succeed on every kind of soil, al
ways commanding high price, with
out danger of over production, so far
as the market is concerned, seems to
be the imported, high-bred real es
tate mortgage at 7 per cent interest
and 3 per cent bonus, and the mon
grel, domestic, half-savage, cross
strained chattle mortgage at 10 per
cent interest and 10 per cent bonus,,
renewable every 60 days or until
death. Like the Russian thistle and
the English sparrow, the crop of
mortgages has increased wonderfully
the past few years until it has be
come a qucstjpn of their overthrow,
or the delivery of the land into their.
The increase of mortgage indebted
ness .is particularly alarming .more
than double in the states of Illinois
and Indiana since 1880 that of Illi
nois increasing fi'om $204,000,000 Jn
1880 to $416,000,000 in 1887—103 per
cent in seven yeaTs—and nearly every
western and southern state is in sim
ilarly unfortunate condition. Farm
property has been steadily decreasing
in value for the past 15 years. The
remarkable spectacle is presented of
a country growing rich with great
rapidity, while the mass of the people
who produce all the wealth are grow
ing steadily poorer. A prominent
economic writer states that in 1889,
5,200,000 men and women in these
United States worked for an
average of less than $200 each
for the entire year and I
assert, without fear of successful con
tradiction, that the average farmer
does not receive $300 per year, net, for
the labor of himself and family.
When he contrasts this meager in
come,' out of which he must feed,
clothe and" educate his family, pay
his taxes interest on his mortgages
(no hope of meeting the principla)
with the millions harvested by in
dividuals or corporations, annually
and from the vgry products he helped
raise, small wonder that he com-,
plains, and less wonder that he begins
to look about him for the cause of all
this and a remedy thereof. The re
sult 'has been inquiry, agitation on
economic lines, organizations for selt
help and co-operative assistance, and
after long consultation, thoughtful
men have become satisfied that the
only hope for the farmer is to demand
a radical change in the vicious system
of class legislation thai has grown
and flourished in the past quarter of
a century. They believe that our
legislation is controlled in the inter
ests of Wall Street and the national
banks that our currency has been
contracted until it is insufficient for
the successful and profitable handling
of commerce that our railroads and
telegraphs being public necessities,
should be operated by the government
in the interest of the people that our
rates of interest are unnecessarily
high, that corporations and combines
for the manifest purpose of enhanc
ing, unduly, the cost of necessities of
life, are against public policy and
should be prohibited that taxation is
Unequal the greater the wealth, as a
rule, the less proportionate the tax
paid. (In 1850 the total estimated valu
ation of property in the United States
was $7,135,000,000, which was assessed
for taxation at $6,024,000,000, while
in 1880 it was valued at $43,643,000,000
and taxed at $16,902,000,000, of which
iij both instances, land paid fully 80
per cent, leaving the necessary in
ference that banking, railroad and
corporate wealth generally, must
have evaded taxation.) That our
farms and the public domain are rap
idly being absorbed by corporations
and alien land holders, thus threaten
ing the stronghold of American liber
ty, the free independent farmer and
home owner that our votes are being
debauched in the interests of,monop
oly by intimidation or bribery
that one-half of our citi
zens, and they the best, the
purest and law abiding, our own true
wives and mothers are deprived of the
rights guaranteed them by our great
charter, that says: "All just govern
ments derive their powers from the
consent of the governed."
In view of all these things and many
more that might be enumerated,
that can only be remedied by state
and national legislation, it becomes
evident that the farmer must wake
from his Bip Van Winkle sleep of the
last twenty-five years, during which
time he has been voted by his party
bosses like so many automans, and if,
perchance, he flared feebly up, and
threatened to assert himself, the
bloody shirt was flapped in his face,
the straw man ycelpt tariff was
pounded more vigorously than ever,
and the party lash wielded by skillful
and unscrupulous hands kept' the
party line intact, and the boodlers
and vultures still clung to their prey.
But at last, thank God, the morn
is breaking. Like a great tidal wave
the Farmers' Alliance, the Grange,
the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Associa
tion, the Patrons of Industry have
been growing and rising higher and
yet more high, until to-day from
threescore thousand school houses,
those cradles of patriotism and intel
ligence, -swells high above partisan
protest and hatred, this demand.
First, for more money, issued direct
to the peoplo by .the government, at a
low rate of interest without the in
tervention of national banks.
Second, government ownership and
control of railroads and telegraphs,
and they shall be run in the inter
est of the people and at actual cost.
Third, the restoration of all unearned
land grants to the public domain, and
provisions made to prevent the se
curing or holding of large tracts of
land by aliens or corporations.
Fourth, the Australian ballot.
These four demands all agree upon,
and most of them upon the other re
forms indicated and side by side
with us.stand -a- million and a half
of banded laborers, federated by a
solemn compact to stand shoulder to
shoulder'in this great economic war
between labor and capital, this' ^'ir
reprassible conflict" that is even now
upon us„and vi 11,nut down until cor
ruption is driven back' to its lair, or
freedom and patriotism cease to ex
ist on American soil.
The .uniform decision is. we must
send representatives to the legisla
tures and congress to give us these
reforins. We believe that a congress
composed of one or two classes can
not, will not and should not be ex
pected to provide -equally for all
other interests. Our sta.te legisla
tures, as a rule are composed, in Ohe
branch at least, and often in both, of
a strong majority of lawyers and
bankers, thus giving to those two
classes, the smallest numerically, the
absolute veto power on all legislation,
while in congress they have for many
years occupied nearly three-fourths
of the chairs with the disastrous re
sult of impoverishing the masses for
the enrichment of the favored few.
We must exercise common sense on
this as well as on other subjects, and
if we want work done must do it our
selves and not send a substitute who
neither understands or cares for the
There are two ways of accomplish
ing this object: First, by organiz­
ing an independent reform
with specific objects in view,
set forth in the platform,, and wi
representative farmers and iabore
nominated to carry them out. This
a larg£ number of the states are do
ing with a, strength and enthusiasm
that is causing the old parties no
little uneasiness and bids fair to re
place many a corporation attorney or
national banker in congress with a
representative of the people. Second,
by asserting our strength and possess
ing ourselves of the old party machin
ery and putting true men to the fore,
on a platform recognizing our .de
mands, and condemning the failures
of the past, and particularly pledging
them to ignore party caucus (that
grave of good intentions) whenever
the people's interests and our specific
demands are at stake, otherwise we
shall gain nothing, as a partisan, be
he ever so true, and honest, is but a
tool of the designing managers of his
party who are pledged body- and soul
to our enimies, the monopolists.
Where neither Independent party nor
pledged candidates are in the field,
we urge every farmer and laborer to
see to it that a series of questions, in
cluding the demands of the Alliance
as outlined here, be publicly pro
pounded to the candidates of both
parties, and a full and postive answer
demanded, and where a refusal is
made, defeat him if you can. Every
farmer should register a solemn vow
that, with him, principle shall be
stronger than party, and men be
better than platforms. Organize
yourselves for protection and educa
tion respect yourselves and honor
your calling. Leaye the lawyers and
bankers at home for a time and strive
to secure legislation for the masses,
the classes.
OUR esteemed contempoary, the
Daily Gazette, of Mitchel, S. D., says of
senator Ingalls. of Kansas: "Senator
Ingalls has a habit that is very in
convenient for an old party politician,
Once and a while his conscience gets
the better of him and he ceases skin
ning southern brigadiers and lapses
into the truth."
And then quotes him as follows:
"The tariff question is not of as
much weight as the. fly on the cart
wheel. We have got to aim at a solid
north, as democrats are sure of a solid
south. The tariff is only a feint, a
false pretense. It is only an instru
ment for jugglery and tomfoolery. If
theBepublican party fails in this cam
paign it will inevitably go to pieces."
We think our contemporary is giv
ing Senator Ingalls undue credit.
Tnefe is no important truth in the
above statement except as to the pos
sibility of breaking up the Bepublican
party and retiring Mr. Ingalls and
his fellow "jugglers" to private life,
and as for conscience, we had never
heard it so much as hinted before that
Senator Ingalls had a conscience.
The quotation cited by our con
temporary is only another flaunt of the
"bloody shirt" and reduced to the
classic language of Stanley Mathew
Quay, it expresses the platform of the
Bepublican party "Get there d—m
We trust our hright and vigorous
contemporary will at once see the
justice of our amendment.—Siovx
City Liberty Bell.
A iiBQAL investigation of the affairs
of the bank of Lebond, Fisher & Co.,
of Abilene, Kan., which failed in
October last for $800,000, discloses an
interesting fact concerning United
States Senator John J. Ingalls. In
the course of an examination. before
the referee a few days since, Pres. C.
H. Lebond testified that at different
times between July, 1887, and Octo
ber, 1889, he had discounted Dickin
son county farmers' papers at 18 per
cent interest-=-the law allows but ten
cent—with money furnished by
ngalls to the bank. The money
was furnished for that purpose
and the money thus placed, he
said, would aggregate
told. The notes were made payable
to Lebond, Fisher & Co. and were
assigned to John J. Ingalls, who now
holds them. Many have wondered
how Mr. Ingalls, who was a poor man
when he entered congress, has man
aged in the seventeen years which
have since elapsed to accumulate a
fortune of nearly $500,000. His loans
to Kansas farmers at 18 per cent, a
rate of 8 per cent in excess of that
allowed by law, supplies a partial ex
planation. The eloquent radical has
amassed much of his fortune by the
practice of illegal and shameful usury
He has rewarded his
constituents who
have honored him by fleecing them.
The gentleman's chances of re-election
have not been increased by Lebond's
exposure. He will be quite lucky if
the revelation shall not defeat him.—
Le Mars Globe.
You farmers and laboring men, are
you patronizing the papers that cham
pion your cause, or are you still gir
ing your coin to the subsidized party
press and your sympathy to the labor
papers? Think how long you can
live and how many bills you can pav
on sympathy.—St. Joseph (Mo.) Lubdr
That's all There is iu It.
1st Farmer: What's this 'ere rec
'pocty we keep hearin' so much about
2nd Farmer: W'y Mr. Blaine says
its w'en we trade our manufacturing
goods sech as cottin and woolin cloth
and sech things- for South Amerik'in
products sech as beef an hides an
taller. Its a great an' glorious ider.
1st Farmer: -Yes, I s'pose so. But
w'ats all this 'ere Free Trade bizness
what the good old Bepublican papers
say so much agin?
2nd Farmer: That's w'en England
and Germany an all them ol' coun
tries w'ich is got popper laber, brings
their manufactured goods over here
an' trades 'em fer our corn and w'eat
an' secH. Mr. Blaine says its a
mighty bad ider an a Dimmicratic
1st Farmer, (meditating): Y-e-s-s,
1 s'pose so, Mr. Blaiqe he knows! But
it kind 'pears ter me as both of 'em is
a whacken the'farmer a considerable,
but I reckin Mr. Blaine he knows, he
GOD never made money. He left
that for man to create, to mark the
developement of the human race,—
Independent American.
OLD parties do not grapple with
new issues, but, like men who have
passed the age of tfsefulness they put
in their time relating the wonderful
things they did in times gone by .—St.
Louis Monitor.
ln th* Beserva]
la Brief..
'Deputy United States, Surveyor Cart
Gunderson and party, of Vermillion,
passed through Pierre last week en route
for home. In a conversation one of the
party said that they .had entered the
newly opened reservation in June, and!
that the present season had been a very
favorable one for field work. "The
White and Bad river valleys, in which
all of our work has been," he continued,
"is a country admirably adapted for
stock raising, but is altogether too rough
for farming. Excepting-the few squa^v
men along the streams, settlers are very
scarce. We did not see a white woman
during the three months we we(f#on the
Items in BrWlJ
TEN thousand yearling trou^fffc.yj
planted in the streams of the Iliack Hms.
JOHN B. LEHMAN, the Custer mur
derer, has been sentenced to' death, the
execution to take place Nov. 1-3.
IT is reported that the Burlingtont
railroad company has bought the tract
of land on which the Cascade springs is.
situated and laid out a town there to be
called Minnekahta.
SWAN NELSON, who lives near Loti,
met with a severe loss the other night by
the explosion of a lantern. Two large
barns were burned, one horse, 400
bushels of oats, 200 bushels of wheat
and about fifty tons of hay. Loss, $900
insurance, $500.
H. S. COON, who lives about five miles
northeast of Pierre, has successfully
irrigated about two arces of la
windmill. The water is stored
large tanks and let on the grpuS
a week. The pump, windmi
tubing, hose and the two tanks Q£
De Smet is to vote on the question of
issuing bonds for the purpose of sinking
an artesian well.
SOI, STABB,of Deadwood, is announced
as a candidate for speaker of the South
Dakota house next winter.
DB. MEBCHANT, of Ellendale, raised
400 bushels of potatoes per acre this year
by irrigation, and they are of the best
Hyde county has one man who. is slow
to anger. One year ago he had ^racket
with a neighbor and but last wdHBhad
him arrested for it. ,. jKgl
THE body of a prospector was recently
fqund by some stockmen in the south
western part of Jackson county, but it
was so badly decomposed that it was im
possible to determine how the unfortu
nate met his death.
SCBVETOBS and others living in Now
lin county tell of having seen strange
looking animals there occasionally that
evidently belong to the feline species/ Jfe
They resemble the wild cat variety, 'J-*
are larger somewhat and have
tails. They are not panth«
they are not half so largo.
SOMETHING like fifty or sixty
belonging to the Crow Creek and Lower
Brule Indian tribes have gone to Sisse
ton to attend a big camp meeting of
Presbyterian and Congregational Indi
ans, which is^ a customary event and
which is usuflflly attended by all the
tribes in South Dakota. They showed
evidence of what a higher civilization
can accomplish for the Indian. They
drove fine teams of horses and rode in
platform buggies. They and their fam
ilies were well clothed and looked as.
though modern living agreed with them.
Told in
IT is reported at Tripp that Simon
Wittmayer, formerly of that place, but.
lately of Eureka, and who is under bond
to appear in the next term of court in
Hutchinson county for being in connec
tion with the famous
goose case at Tripp,
has departed from the land of his adop
tion and is now on the high seas return
ing to his former home in Russia.
two Burlington and Missouri graders,
had a narrow escape from death v^hile
blasting near Deadwood. A prema
discharge set off sixteen sticks of
powder while they were enga
tamping the charge. Trippler waj
badly injured, but Kelly escaped
harm. The depth of the chamber'
saved them.
AT A running race at the Aberdeen
fair Yum-Yum, a Sioux Falls horse,
bolted over the railing fence and struck
on her head, breaking her neck. The1
horse rolled over on her jockey and he
was picked up for dead. The boy re
vived in a short time, however, and with
the exception of a badly sprained ankle
no injuries were sustained. Yum-Yum
died a short time after the race.
AT Clarinda Vernie Lisle, the 12-year
son of C. A. Lisle, bravely met his death
while attempting to rescue his little
brother from drowning. Several of the
neighborhood "boys, with the Lisle child
ren, were picnicking about a mile south,
of the city near a branch or creek, and
had been wading in the mud. Edwin,
the 9-year-old son of Mr. Lisle, was sit
ting on a log washing his feet, when the
log gave way and plunged him into a.
hole several feet deep. Vernio saw his
brother's danger and jumped in to- save
him, which he succeeded in doing by 4.
great effort, but sacrificed his own life in
so doing. The boys are both small for
their age.
XHE quarters at Fort Meade occupied
by Lieut. Duff and Dr. Brown were de*
stroyed by fire last week. The greater
portion of the household furniture was
A COUPLE of Marion Junction
made a cannon of an empty brass stc**^
and in firing it one of them receivW*
charge in the fore finger and thumb of"
nis hand, necessitating the amputation,
of the thumb.
WHILE a freight train was bowling
along over a section of new track of tho
•Northwestern three miles east of Grand
Junction the.heavy mogul engine spread:
tne rails and it and seventeen cars were
piled up in the ditch. One brakeman
was .slightly injured. The loss is heavv.
Si.oux FALLS' syndicate building was1
recently sold for 595,000.
ONLY two drunks were run in during'
the state fair at Aberdeen.
THEBE is an Unusual demand in Hutch
inson county for farms to rent.
SEVENTY-FIVE loads of grain were
marketed in Garretson one day last week.
A 390-FOOT artesian well has iust been,
completed in Blendon township, Davison
IT is stated that a traveling salesman
recently took orders for $1,200 worth of
liquors in Brookings.
_Va®t P^t bogs are said to abound'.
.capitalists are inr-vJ
vestigatmg the value of the deposits,

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