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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, October 03, 1890, Image 4

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Entered at tbe postofflce In Canton as second
class mail matter.
THE FARMERS' LEADER is owned by a coin
pony composed of nearly 400' of the most
cogressive farmers of southeastern South Du
It is a fearless advocate of the rights of
the farmer, mechanic, day laborer and artisan
and as such it will use its best influence toward
tie upbuilding of the Farmers' Alliance, the
Knights of Labor and kindred organizations,
Aid, incidentally, toward the support of the
principles of the independent party.
The paper is conducted under the direction
aboard of directors composes of the follow
ing named gentlemen: A. J. Wimple, Jere
Gehon, E. W. Owens, John Isackson, Henry
Bradshaw, Ol* Byre, Nels Larson, Ole Hoken
•tad, A. T. Sundvold.
e£nts six months, BO cents one year, 1. Pay
ments for subscriptions to the paper may be
remitted directly to the publication office or to
any officer or member of tbe board of directors.
CORRESPONDENCE is desired from every town.
Tillage, township and post office in Lincoln
bounty. Correspondents should write their man
uscripts as plainly as possible and write on one
tide of the paper, and should at all times con
fine themselves to the news. It is also impor
tant that a correspondents' name should be at
tached to a communication in order to secure
admittance to the columns of the paper. No
attention will be paid to anonymous communi
cations of any kind. Intelligent contributions
on economy, finance, tarrfff, transportation,
land, and other important questions of the day,
are invited from all parts of the country. 'Con
tributors are requested, however, to make their
communications as brief as possible.
Communications of any kind, must be in on or
before Tuesday evening in order to secure
publication-the same week.
Address THE FARMERS' LEADER, Canton,
Soiith Dakota.
Opposite this paragraph indicates that your
subseriptioh has expired and if no instructions
ate received to the contrary, it is understood
that you want the paper to be sent you as
heretofore a red murk indicates that the paper
will be discontinued unless orders are given to
have it continued.
A blue mark opposite this paragraph indi
cates that the paper is Sont you as a sample
copy and that you are hereby invited to become
^regular subscriber.
A blue mark opposite this paragraph means
that your subscrption has been paid by a
friend a red mark, that the paper is sent on
trial for a short time.
Members in Congress—
of Lawrence.
of Lincoln.
of Deuel.
Lieutenant Governor—
of Yankton.
Secretary of State—
of Miner.
of Grant.
€. R. LOWE
of Brule.
Attorney General—
s. \v. COSAND,
of Potter.
Superintendent ot Public Instruction—
E. A. DYE, --"J
3 of Spink,
Com. of Schools and Public Xands—
••.'iVfii.Vf. of Sanborn.
Com: of Labor and Statistics—
W. L.
of Brown.
Fur StatP St'mt i
HEN-r.i-i «AisrrAW.
For"State lfcpsvs. nftiivs—
,7. 10. llor.TKH,
e.\v. owtoxs.
.7535115 GEHON.
Tor Countv T.-pismvr
A. ,i. Yvinpr.E.
For Count Ai'-litov
For Register of «ilr.
J. M. "WALL.
FdriClerk «f\the Courts—
For Sheriff—
For Countv SupcriMt^ndopt—
W. II GOfiT:iY,
•fi^r For States A ttwiT_ey—
." Commissioner Second District—
We, the undersigned committee, pursuant to
the authority given to us by an assemblage of
'people from all parts of South Dakota, conven
ed in the city of Huron. S. D.. June 0. 1891). and
who in their sovereii-ti capacity have authoriz
ed us to prepare and i«snp to the people of
Soutnh Dakota an address which shall in few
•words set forth our srie-vancps ami demands,
npproach our 1aslt with an.nbldtnf foitliin the
Yoon!c. believing that they will its rcason
nWe»ess'and the necessity of looking beyond
jinVv lines for relief.
V'e '.iolievr, that eur nation is the sole nrrni
Tort ot its own destiny and fortunes, anl by its
own wts brings etttwr we«rt or woe upon
ittn-ended and-confronted by gvont f*vi
whl?". if not remove--1. will V/t-iag retvibutio,-..
of discontent are heard on
band. Wnnlth producers «tro becoming rtesii
.. t'lte in a land of plenty, while the wealth of
corn!rv lia« heon concentrated into tlie hands
si of 1l-« few. thei-ohy building up a nlutocrac.v
?. which is ri vm.T.unt to the very found:'.'.!™
principles of our covemment. and under wltfeli
t.. the n«s«Mw «sve Kiiflerlntr beyond further endur
ance. Feeling these oppressions. v.-e have ap
•neaied In the -.ast in vain to the political par
lies who have had control of the Government
'v for relief. Therefore, we deemed ourselves by
necessitv nnd tlntv compelled to form the lnde
verdf-nt'party, which has »c.'e)V"d iiv motto:
"In tie spirit of Ijovc and Justice the People
Rule." We have adopted the following
First, we demand currency to be issued by the
General government, to be full legal t' luCr. to
Weave in volume with inerens of Imsiuess
to be issued directly to nroductive industries
viihout intervention of banks.
fVeond. we demand railway transportation.
telP3rnT)li andtelr lK-ne so-vires at actun
and'that the government shall own andopemt
thr IC.
Tiii'-d. we demand the free and unlimited
coitiUrT o? silver.
F'Mtrtb. wo the adoption of an aW
lutiMy secret system of voting, both state aud
national •. .«
Fifth we derr.and the most rimd economy
consiste.rt with the safety nyd di-.jjity f" or.:
stntr ar.d nation, in the administration of every
brn""h el or.r povfi-itnent.
Six'.li v. desnnnd the passage rf laws pro
hlbit !ni the altsr. ownership of :ind_11i T.
(•or .'rca "ai:e K*e,-s to oini.i-. lands pwneo
ai-,ii'-cl )ric^i syidioates :rvl Miat.
now held by corivynitSons in '-sc^ss fuel. :i
is actually »r.«l neede'i :,r' neni !-.• recl-.un:
ed by the government and held for at-tu... s-.%
Tl" refore. we ap-iocl to you. ,he pef-de of
South Dakota, to rally stun dard.
The republican party of Lincoln county] hqs
doubtless as black a record for reckless p&liti-'
cal ring rule, bossism, button hole management1
and vicious butchery, of men of merit and prin
clples of common decency as that of any county
in the state, but the convention which met in
this city last Tuesday, to nominate a full coun
ty and legislative ticket, so far outstripped
every other convention held that the old ring
bosses, after mature reflection, have them-,
selves been exercised over the action taken,
the rank and file of the party look with holy
horror upon the proceeding and the very re
cord the party has made in the past, black as it
is, hides its hldious head in shame while the
suffering masses weep under their burdens of
oppression, and the country turns pale in indig
nation at the disgusting spectacle.
Certainly there is ample excuse for all this.
A time when labor is oppressed beyond the
possibility of making a half decent living when
the agricultural classes are reduced to
penury and degradation in a land of plenty
wl^en the cry against monopoly, high taxation,
corrupt legislation, reckless mismanagement of
public affairs and extravagance in public offices
reverberates throughout the land, it is certain
ly to be*expected that all political parties
should turn a listening ear to the voices of the
people and take such action as will at least
TEND toward relief by advocating legislation re
ducing taxes, public salaries, and control of
monopolies and kindred reforms, and by
.placing men into office who have the com
petency and courage to carry out these princi
ples. But instead of doingthis the republicans
of Lincoln county turn a deaf ear to the weep
ing masses and treat indignant justice with the
usual degree of republican contempt. Instead
of passing resolutions favoring taxation of
mortgages, free silver coinage, reduction of
taxation and salaries, and reduction of the
tariff, they laud the McKinley bill, clamor
foil more protection and endorse the recent
silver legislation which, instead of giving the
country free coinage, has placed the silver
question-in worse condition than ever before.
Instead of nominating men of ability and
men of principle and integrity to ad
minister to the public welfare, they have nomi
nated here a set of chronic mossbacks most of
whom have been upon the anxious seat as
seekers for office In every convention for the
last ten to twenty years, and most of whom
have nothing further than their own selfish
greed for office as their object for becoing can
didates. There are only two men on the whole
ticket who merit the support of an honest
public and in whom the people can place con
fidence. All the rest area set of old political
fossils whose unfitness for their respective
positions is typifidin the candidate for the
state senate who says
he would vote for the
devil if he were a candidate on the republican
ticket, and in the candidate for school super
intendent who left Illinois because his mind
became so deranged as to disqualify him for
the profession he now seeks to lead in Lincoln
It is the worse dose the republican party
have evrr rtifhed up to the people of this coun
ty nnd every one of the candidates is doomed
to hopeless defeat.
From Pierre Chronicle.
Only a few weeks till the great question of
rermment capital of South Dakota is settled
and the whole state will settle down to some
thing like usual life of anew state. This ques
tion, though of great importance to every citiz
en of the state, must get somewhat monotonous
to the readers of the state papers. As to the
editors they never allow anything to weary them
even a bitter fight is very much appreciated,
when one is on the winning side. In five years
rom today the people of this great common
vealth will hardly realize that such bitter ani
mosities as now appear to exist were ever felt
between two of her great cities. Pierre will
have the capital, 25.000 inhabitants, four or five
railroads with as many round houses and shops,
four or five story union depot, a beet sugar fac
tory, several moter lines, a large sash, door and
blind factory, plow and harrow manufactory,
two or three roller mills, the finest opera house
in the west, many wholesale houses, govern
ment postofflce building, and we hope to see
our sister on the Jim in good spirits: not exact
ly in the spirit land, but as pleasantly situated
as possible under the circumstances.
Chamberlain Tribune: The Huron
workers who are promised lots for. their
efforts in her behalf, should remember
that the taxes will be so high in conse
quent of the great debt piled up to make
tlie capital fight, that they will be com
pimitively worthless—will be confiscated
for taxes in the end. Get your good stuff
or nothing.
Edmunds Co. Democrat: Hurou capi
tal boomers find Edmunds county voters
awful chilly when they attempt to work
their hurrah for Huron racket on them.
They don't seem to enthuse worth a cent
and are as careful in expressing their
sentiments to a Huron man as they would
be in listing their proprety to the asses-_
South Shore Messenger: The editor of
the Rift-alist got a big lot of money for
supporting Huron. The farmers' alliance
is taxed to support the Ruralist. How
do you like that. farmers, fturon
using your official paper to pull her chest
nuts out of the fire. The editors are put
ting the
in their pockets
Madison Leader: Huron's campaign
is weakening and at tiie present rate she
will practically dropout of tjie field by
•November 1st. Her own workers admit
thai her c.hiiiKvs are becoming exceed
ingly doubt I a
born ers loose (.tinnure
up !»(r cause.
v,*hen her. own
who shall bolster
Kedfield Observer: The sentiment at
the state fair this week—-represented by
ipeople from all parts of the state—may
be plainly written "plainly pointed for
Pl?rte She is a sure winner aii^ jsenti
ihent is rapidly crystallizing to pro'ye it.
Amoi B. Jamieion Hot Old Enough For the Offloe
of State* Attorney.
cotnty convention held the 9th. inst., I was
placed in nomination for the position of
States Attorney, an honor for which I feel
truly greatful and thankful. At that
time I supposed myself eligible for the
position, but upon reflection I am remind
ed that our State constitution, section 34.
Art. V. provides thai in order to be eligi
ble for this position an attorney must be
at least twenty-fl ve years of age. As I am
not of the requisite age, t^am of necessity
bound to withdraw my name from the
ticket. I am, as .heretofore, an independ
enti in hearty sympathy with your move
ment and shall continue to do all in my
power to assist you in your endeavor to
secure "Equal.and exact justice to all."
Appointments of Independent Speakers in Linooln
Lincoln township, Friday, October 3—
at R. R. May school house—Wall, Jamie
son and Wardwell.
Delaware township, Saturday, Oct 4—
at Pleasant View school house—Brad
shaw, Westbury and Holter.
Lynn township, Monday, Oct. 6—at
Wiggins school house—Bradshaw, West
bury and Wahl.
Grant townshjp, Tuesday, Oct. 7—
at the Braudhagen school house—
Gehon, Holter and Barnum.
^Dplapre township, Wednesday, Oct. 8
—at school district No. 60—Bradshaw,
Gehon and Sweeden.
Perry township, Thursday, Oct. 9—at
Lennox—Bradshaw, Gehon and Sweeden.
Canton township, Friday, Oct. 10—at
Dresback school house—Barnum, Brad
shaw and Westbury.
Norway township, Saturday, Oct. 11—
at the Rommereim school house—Gehon,
Westbury and Holter. Holter to speak
in the Norwegian language.
Lincoln township, Monday, Oct. 13—
at Center school house—Owens, Holter
and Westbury.
Worthing, Tuesday, Oct. 14—Brad
shaw, Westbury and Gehon.
Springdale township, Wednesday, Oct.
i—at Risty school house—Wahl, Brad
shaw and Owens.
Dayton township, Tuesday, Oct. 10—
at the Slack school house—Owens, Brad
shaw and Westbury.
Canton township. Friday, O^,. 17—at
Math. Hanson school house—Goltry,
Barnum, Wahl and Wardwe-ll.
At any and all of -these meetings an
invitation is, extended to members of
other political parties to meet our
speakers and discuss the merits of the in
dependent platform.
By the County Committee.
A Great Telescope-
The- increase in size of the telescope
lens, like the increase in power of the
steam engine, seems to have no limit.
We may enjoy the proud distinction of
knowing that only in Americai can a
telescope of the largest size now manu
factured be made. Only the Clarks, of
Cambridge, Mass., can make a telescope
that has an object lens forty inches in
diameter. It must be admitted, how
ever, at the same time that the glass out
of which these macfnificent lenses are
constructed cannot "Bo made in America,
but all comes from the firm of Fell &
Mantois, in Paris.
In 1800 Dolland made a lerus four
inches across. It was thought then that
this was the limit. But mechanical and
optical difficulties in the way have been
gradually overcome, and the telescope
lens has been growing larger and larger
till now the Clarks are about to under
take for the University of Southern Cali
fornia the construction of the monster
telescope of the world, with a lens forty
inches in diameter. This, it is said, will
bring the modo so near that it will not
seem more than a hundred miles away.
Meantime the largest telescopes at
pifesent in use have all come from the
hands of the Clarks. For many years
that at St. Petersburg, with its 30
inch lens, also of their make, was the
largest. Then they broke their own rec
ord. and constructed for the Lick obser
v^tory in California a telescope with a
36 inch lens. Now they will break it
again, also for California, and construct
one with 40 inch glass. It will be
mounted in Los Angeles, where the clear
atmosphere affords remarkable oppor
tunity for studying the heavens. Mean
while several years will be required to
complete the new glass.
What the Gas Companies Can Do.
The electric Ughting business employs
today in this country a capital of $300,
000,000. It may be only a question of a
short time when gas for illuminating
will be supplanted altogether by its more
brilliant rival. Meantime the gas com
panies ought to look ahead to investing
in electric light plants if they wish to
keep their hold on the public. There is
one thing they can do. They can grad
ually prepare to change from gastoelec
tricity as an illuminant, meantime still
Yours very truly,
CANTON, S. D. Sept.. 30. 1890.
mv wPAUtee-^ •&**.*
A ^-T CsMv^",
manufacturing gas as fuel, which they
can furnish cheaply with little change
in their plants. Fuel gas means freedom
from smoke, ashes, coal and coal carts.
It meanB health, happiness and comfort
to every city, even to Chicago. The sug
gestion will bear careful consideration.
Electric lighting will shortly be so per
fected that all the objections to it wilL
disappear. And the same gas pipes can
take fuel instead of lighting material as
Some cases of epilepsy have been cured
by modern surgery. There are cases in
which there is an injury or disease in
some particular portion of
The skillful physicii
and locates the seat of the epilepsy in a
particular portion of the brain by symp
toms referring to that part Then he
puts the patient under an anesthetic,
makes an opening in the skull and ex
poses the diseased portion of the brain
Sometimes there is injury to the skull
instead of to the brain. In either case
oftentimes the surgeon is able t& remove
the diseased portion, treat the wound
with antiseptic dressings and the patient
soon is well again, and frequently is re
stored wholly, with no return of the ter
rible affliction of epilepsy
Mercury and Venus.
It is a favorite fancy of man that the
other planets in some way or somehow
axe peopled with beings like ourselves.
The inhabitants of earth are not so
beautiful, so perfect or so happy that
they should take pleasure in the thought
that they are many times repeated on
the surface of other worlds than ours,
yet that imagining nevertheless affords
them infinite satisfaction.
The sharpest eyed astronomer of his
century is Signor Schiaparelli. of Italy.
He has looked through his telescope and
discovered things that hundreds of other
astronomers, looking through glasses
equally good, have not been able to per
ceive. Among the most interesting of
these are the facts lately announced by
Schiaparelli concerning Mercury and
Venus. Of Venus especially it has been
believed that she had a night and day
similar to ours. But the Italian an
nounces that in the case of both Mer
cury and Venus rotation is synchronous
with revolution.
In other words, each of these planets
turns on its axis in the same time it
revolves around the sun. Thence would
follow that the same face of the star
would always be turned to the sun, and
there would be no alternation of night
and day One side would be everlast
ingly plunged into deepest darkness, the
other would be perpetually illuminated.
Probably, however, if people live upon
these planets, they.are by this time so
accustomed to this order of things that
they like it
Mercury has a greatly elongated orbit,
and so can enjoy some sort of change as
he flies near to or far from the sun But
Venus revolves nearly in a circle. She
stands also perpendicular to ber orbit,
and so has nothing but bald splendor
and heat from one year's end to another.
Still, however, the fancy that he would
like Venus to be inhabited by beings like
himself besets man, and he has accord
ingly found that the extreme brilliancy
of this planet probably arises from an
atmosphere piled high with clouds and
vapor. It is the-sun shining upon this
atmosphere that makes it so splendid
like a white cloud. The cloudy sphere
about the .planet tempers tihe rays of the
sun, and so. after all. Venus may have
inhabitants somewhat like- ourselves on
her light side. Ef so. then many are the'
dead men's bones that lie along the mid
night of her dark side, whose secret ex
plorers have tried to penetrate.
Are Fur Seals a Nuisance?
Living on a fish diet the- fur seal is.
naturally a very brainy animal, and con
sequently it knows just what are th»
best fish to suit its purposes. Naturally
again,, perhaps, a» the result of its diet,
it selects exactly the fine, dtelicate food
fishes preferred by that other brainy
animal, man. Thxis the interests of tho
two clash.
Some of the witnesses examined ky
the select committee of the senate
on our relations with Canada were
old fishermen engaged ii» their occu
pation along the Pacific coast These
unsentimental old fellows declared that
the worst enemy of food fishes on the
Pacific coast was the ftar seal, and it
would be a real advantage to the- food
interests of the country when there was
not one left The question is therefore
one between filling the stomach and
covering the back.
One of the northwest fishermen de
clared it as his estimate that 40.000,000
pounds of food fish a day would be
rather too little to allow for the amount
consumed by the seals. Further, there
might come a time when it would be
necessary in order to save the food fish
for the human (ace to destroy all seals
on the coast. If the stories of the same
witnesses are true, however, this will
not be necessary, as the seals are already
going as fast as their worst enemy could
desire. Under present methods of whole
sale seal murder to which they testified
they gave it as their judgment that in
five years there would not he a seal left
One day there come reports that the
little Spanish American republics have
concluded a solemn peace, the next that
they are at it again, fighting tooth and
nail, and engaged in the*- old tradO of
assassinating presidents. They will
never have steady peace till all the men
who want to be president have been
killed, apparently.
urn—m ji mm
E J.
&. J. KEflN,
else can.
''V As#-
But I have just got in a car load of
during fair week will still sell you.
14 pounds of Granulated sugar for. $1.00
10 pounds of Brown sugar for, 1.00
20 Bars of Ivory Soap for, 1.00
24 Bars of White Russian Soop for, 1.00
Interest allowed on time deposits,
special attention to loans.
16, lb pkg's. of Cornor GlossStarch, 1
Have some special bargain's in boys, youth's
and men's clothing to offer this week.
years for $1.00.
Mens all wool suits from 35 to 4!
from $6.00 to $8.00. Boys suits 5 to
We will sell
anything in our line
for 20 per cent less than anyone
Call an see for yourselves.
Straw Bros. & Co.
Scott, Stover & Co.,
At Centerville, South Dakota.
Dry goods, Notions, Clothing, Hats and Caps, Boots' and Shoes.
Having our Mr. Scott, with upwards of 30 years experience and spot
cash, right in the market all the time, enables us to sell you goods
in many lines for LESS MONEY than other, dealers buying
from Traveling Men, can buy them at wholesale.
at all times to make this assertion good.
Scott, Stover &
12,000 Parlor Matches for, i'nn
One pound of Spear Head or Climax
tobacco for 4s
And all other Groceries in proportion. I am just getting in a fine line of
•v a-'
And will let you have i$
Best dress prints at 5c a yard. I Unbleached muslin at 5c a yard.
Dress ginghams at 7c a yard. I Clarke & Coats thread at 4c a spool.
Bleached muslin at G}c a yard. Eggs 12c. a dozen.
Come and see D. J. CARPENTER, at Be
loit, Iowa.
Country Produce Taken In Exchange.
Boots C5zl Stioss
csoatr Produce Wanted In Exchange.
0. K. BROWN, Cashier.
We stand ready

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