Newspaper Page Text
F'LUE ^ATMERS' LEAFLET.
CANTON, S..D. FARMERS' PUUUSH1XO CO.. PPM.ISHBIS THEKE are always 3,500,003 people on the seas of the world. THERE i& over one hundred miles of streets paved with wood in London. THE Japs administer the oath BY cut ting the witness' finger and taking blood to seal the swear. 1 FRANK D. MILLET, the arti3t, who bas returned to Europe, was an art -critic. His taste ftu- gunpowder, con tracted in the civil ar, led bim to join the staff of London aper during the SRusso-Turbiah war. THE late .Tefferson Davis, while Sec- iretary of War 'under the United St&tes 'Government, vecommended the itftio -duction if camels for use on the great plains. The -suggestion wai carried out :and there-are still some half-wild -cam -els in Nevada. CANTOU, Me., must be a fortunate town. Having no other use for their jail the selectmen have rented 'it to a man for a shoemaker's shop. The ten ant, however, keeps a cell -or two in readiness in care somebady should lapse-from virtue. MRS. MILLER, wife of the Governor of North Dakota, dtopped into the •olficp of a newspaper at Dry den, N. Y„ recently, and set a comrfle of stiokfuU of'matter, as a reminder of the old -days when »he was a compositor in that -office and the Governor was "making up" to her. THE other dav a couple dt little girls came to a phyoieiaa's-office to be vacci nated says the Toronto Mai'. One of them undertook to speak for the other, and explaiaed: "Doctor, this is my sis ter. She is too young to know her left arm from hec light, so mamma washed both of them." AMONG the incidents of the late Grand Army reunion of Boston was the meeting of two brothers, natives of Maine, who had nob -seen each other since the war and -each of whom sup posed the other to have been killed in thatconflict. One now lives in New York and the other -ia' Vermont. CARDINAL LAVIGERIE, of Paris, who has taken great interest in the slave trade which is still earned on in Africa, has offered a premium of $5,000 for the best romance treating of this diabolical affair. Uncle Tom in Africa, it is hoped, will 'awaken public interest to the existence* of tbls greaG crime. A RHODE Inland -man whose trunk was wrecked by the baggage smasher brought suit for-dam age, and in giving him a verdict for f£0 and costs the Judge said: "There should be 600 suits where there is now-only oue. No rail road has the least anxiety about a .pas senger's baggage. The way to bring about a reformis'togo for their pocket books." GENERAL NoYES.of THE STAMMERERS Ohio, whe-drop- ped dead in Cincinnati the other day, lost his leg while leading a brilliant and successful charge during the late war. On his way to the hospital ia an ambulanoe he met Gen. McPherson, his commander, aid said to him: "General, I gat their works and (poiat to hi3 shattered leg) they got part of mine but it's Fourth of July, and I don't care a continental." AMONG the things saved from the rubbish when the home of the late Henry Ward Beecher wins broken up at his death were two leather bound books in which he had kept'his farm accounts, and light in among the tables of dol lars and cents, corn and potatoes, tur nips, cabbages, etc., will be found de scriptions of flowers or -trees. In one instance sevenal. pages are given up to lamenting the-death of his farmer. meanest man yei ia a Pittsburg doctor. He is A German, aud his vic tims are newly arrived -German girls. He. meets them, 'tells them be needs an assistant in his business, proposes mar riage, and then -borrows what money and valuables they have and is seenuo more. He doe»not propose to more than one girl at a time, but managed to en gage himself to two each day until the police nabbed him. Qiaexcuse was that 1 he needed money. rarely, at A NEW ever, show :any impediment to speech when speak ing in whispers. 0a this -fact anew method of treatment »haj been founded, which is as follows: £n the first ten days speaking is .prohibited. This will :,allo(7 iest to ths voice, and. constitute the .preliminary state -of treatment. Duticg the next ie:i da«s speaking is permissible ia tlie wliiepei.iitg voice, :and,in the coarse af the nest fifteen .days the ordinary .conversational tone imay-be gradual!/ «wployeJ. and usefol .employment has ibeen suggested for women which prem ises rapid de.'elo.wae it- Thij ij tkat of profeietonal packer. The need of this kind of service is apparent to those who witness movings and transpor tation of hoEseholdgood*, now so much faore /request than formerly, or who see the interior of women's trunks or ihen's valises. The cost of sneh helpers would be more than covered by the se curity and the absence of loss, pro dd ed the women were trained, competent »rd faithful. Ir was predicted by the American Manufacturer, Railroa Gazette, and nan/ other class jouroals five years ago that tlie result cf laboring men's uuiois would be an offensive aad de fensive alliance on the part of great firms and corporations, 'ihe-predio ion has come true, and there is no si-rt oi doubt that all the prominent railroad men have organi -eJ, and that men shoe men and other maiufitcbuiers are quietly bantling together for mutual protection. AN interesting speoticlo has recently been seen in the Oik leys. It ij prob ably the first of its kind ever an'hen ti nted in living memory. A correpon- dent writes to a contemporary: "Whai is said to be a mermaid has bsen seei for some weeks at stated times at Sonthside. Deernesi. It is abo it nix to seven feet in length, wi a l'tt'e black head, white neck Hud snow-whi'.o body and two arms. In swimming it appears jnst like a human beiag. At times it nill come very close in shore and appear-to be sitting on a sunkei rock, and will wave and wo -k its ha ids. Many persoas who da lb te 1 its g-j iui:ie ness now suppose it to be a deformed seal." OTTERS and minks were vory sca-ce in Connecticut a doea years agi, aid it was feared the animals might become extinct, for their hides vera worth from $5 to $10 a piece, and everybody hunted them. Then suddenly fashion changed her mind about the value of mink and otter skin 4, the ice went down, and -now the animals abound in the State again. So name ous have minks become there that they are get ting to be quite familiar with couutry people. Fecently a mink, frightened by a fharp thunder storm, fled out of a meadow, rushed into a farmer's dwel ling, and raced from room to room un til a hound caught him up-staii in a chamber. A still more remarkable in cident occured in Hartford a few days ago. A mink tiotted light into the heart of the city, among th ongs oi people on the streets, and passed all kinds of dogs wi.h impurity, aid fin ally made his way in'o the back yaid of a big ttore on Asylum street. In the yard men cornered him and tried to •capture him alive, but he fought so -desperately that they had ta, kill liim. It is comforting to know that the -danger of being buried alive exists al most solely in the imaginaL.io I. Yet this fear haunts the minds of so many of -our fellowmen that it may hardlv be regarded as strange, in some respects, that a'number of physicians in a city near Thiladelphii banded themselves together to devise means to prevent such a catastrophe in their own case. And when physicians could take such measures in view of a supposed dan ger, it is not remarkable that the com munity should have a special and ex aggerated horror of being buried alive. But this horror is as unreasonable as is the timidity of the physicians referred to. There seems to be no good ground whatever for supposing that it is pos sible, ia this enligh'e ed age, for any person to be committed to the grave while yet living. Stories reporting such occurrences are by no means rare but any ore who examines (hem closely will certainly -remark that they a wholly lacking in originality, and that there to in fact so strong a resemblance between them .as to exe'te the suspicion that one has been copiod from another. Investigation will show, too, that this suspicion is a well-founded one. IFIGS AND THISTLES.' [From the Ram's Horn.] The way to qualify yourself to do great things is to be faithful in little ones. Very little is said about Lazarus, but he cansed more people to believe in Jesus than either Mary or Mar. ha. The desire is father to the deed. Eve's real tia occurred before bhe touched the apple. You haven't got much religion if you praise the Lord only when you feel like it. The truth which of all others most deeply concerns man is the fact that God loves him. Not to decide to be saved is to deter mine to be lost. By shutting the eyes 3 oo. can blot out the sun. Many preachers who are always dis cussing the question, "Shall we know •each other there?" pass their next-door neighbors in the street without speak ing. Money that is not earned by means that God can bless has blcod on it no matter whether it come by sharp prac tice ia business, selling whisky or stealing horses. "There has never been a day when God has not given to each ieolf us all we could aud would receive from Him. The finest spring in the world can not do anything move than fill every vessel coming to it. There is a good deal of difference be tween power and (influence. St.. Paul didn't have influence enough to keep out of jail at Philiupi, but after he got in he had power -enough to shake the concern to pieces. Nobofiy ever begins to love God with his brains. Intellect alone never builds .an al ar to the living God. Knowledge ©f God moist begin in -the lipart. A man .tails in love with his wife first, and learns to.appreciate her afterward. Cangfct! Professoaal amp—Sf you please, kin£ lady, could you spare a copper towards a poor man's lodging? I have been .blind for fourteen years. Mrs. Quickly—I really eannot help you. But th'-re's a lady up the street who ia very kind to atfiieted people. Sbe lives at ninety-five. Tramp (i isrinedvely turning his face toward this door,)—But, madam, this is number ninety.-!} Mr«. Quickly—Ea. ha! So that's your blindness, is it? I thought as much aud if you don't be off jolly sharp, I shall give you in charge! (Exit tiamp, enrsing bfe absence of mind.)—Pick-Me-Up, iJOJUESTIO ECONOMY. HOUSEHOLD AND ACRICUL JTVIRAL TOPICS DISCUSSED. &. Budget of Useful Information Itelntlng to the Farm, Orchard, Stable, l'urloi- and Kitchen. TUEFA1UL '"V Preparation for Corn Crops, It is not altogether tlie culture that :orn and potato crops get while growing which determines their profitableness. Quite as much depends upou having the soil thoroughly and deeply pulverized before the crop is planted. Sometimes it is thought that a mellqw seed bed is sufficient. If the soil is full of vegetable matter that may decompose them sur face preparation will be enough. If there are lumps and clods at the bottom of the furrow they need to be brought up pulverized and mixed with the surface soil. The effect of poor preparation is worse in drought but whatever the sea son it always pays to fit the soil thor oughly and deeply for any hoed crop. It is as necessary for corn as for potatoes. The fact that corn roots ordinarily run near the surface does not do away with the need for a reservoir of moisture deeper down, to be'drawn upward where the roots can reach it by capillary at traction. How In Grow Bnanik Most people consider that as easy as to "know beans but the Germantown Telegraph gives these directions: Choose a good piece of land, in the summer, mauiire thirty loads to the acre, plowed in in August sow, to rye on September 1, crop it by feeding as soon as it is high enough before frost, and at spells through the winter. Keep feeding up to the middle or last of may, then plow it under out of sight. Plant beans in drills (Brush variety) June 1 cultivate the weeds out of when their is no dew or rain on the leaves very soon the crop will cover the ground and stop the weeds. If any get too large hand pull them. When the crop is ripe, pull and' lay in rows'till,,well dried. Next build a plat-, form of rails large enough to hold the crop In a pile five feet high, platform high enough to keep the beans oiT the ground. Cap the stack well to keep out wet. Thresh the beans on a dry, clear day. Winnow and sift them, hand pick if nccessary, sack them nicely, and you will get the top price. Use the same ground again and again, sow rye every fall, pasture it till May, and proceed as above. Here are two crops a year—pas ture and beans. Both pay well.-—Farm, Field, and Svockman. M»g« anl UofFiml i: Tho country is just now suffering from an unusual season of drought, which ap pears to bo universal, both East and West, as well as in tho South, in some localities. The consequence will bo a shortage of feed for stock of all kinds. The cry of overproduction has ccased and a shortage will be the cry now by elevator men and grain speculators. While such is the facts to a great extent there will be a scarcity of feed. I advise farmers to be careful about disposing of their breeding stock, especially in the way of brood sows. It does not require a great deal of hard grain to winter sows •that are intended and bred for. spring farrowing. A piece of early «o|yi. rye makes .most excellent winter paslnre fon old sows, if they are of the right sort, bred up to perfection if not they had probably better be marketed and' re placed with- some of the improved early maturing breed, even at a sacrifice in numbers, for I always contend that there Is greater profit in a few good hogs, well kept, than in a large herd of inferior ones, poorly kept. Turnips can yet be given if there is moisture enough in the soil to sprout them. While they will not mature, they will help materially to mix in with other feed, if steamed and mixed with other grain feed. There is nothing better, for slop if fed warm in winter. Late sown millet can be cured lightly and fed to stock hogs, once a day. I find they relish it for a change, and cut fine In tho cutter box and steamed with tho other rations, it is preferable to the w^iole grain rations, the usual hog ration when com is cheap. Good cai*e and proper housing, with an eye to comfort, will not only save feed, but improve your stock as well as increase tho number of pigs from each sow. At present the stock yards arc overcrowded with all sorts and sizes of pigs. Some, of course, are sell ing from necessity, while others look upon the hog as Being cheaper than grain and as not paying for their feed. Should our next grain crop be more abundant, it will probably be just the opposite, with cheap grain and a payiucr hog crop.—A. D. Johnsun, in Practical Farnter. THE STOCK. RANCH. Stock and Dairy Notes. To KEEP a dairy warm enough in the winter is far easier and cheaper than to keep one cool in the summer. Fuel is cheaper than ice. THE hog cholera crop will soon be ma ture. As We sow we reap this crop.' The seed consists of poor food, bad water, a low condition and then profuse corn feeding, which the weak stomach cannot digest, and hence intestinal fever (hych deria) will be tho result. A SMALL flock of sheep may be kept on every farm with profit, if only for the domestic supply of mutton during tlie summer. A carcass of mutton is easily disposed of among three or four neigh bors who can take turns in slaughtering. Meat clubs have been formed in many localities with good results. FEEDING flavors all animal products, more especially, tlie fatty parts of them. This is due to the fact that the fats and oils of food are not digested, but are ab sorbed in their natural condition with out decomposition or change. Hence the. great importance of using foods de void of ill ifiavo,s or of impurities of any kind.* Tin udder of a cow is the concentrat ed outlet of the drainage system of the animal. Diseases, impure products due to ill health, impurities of food, water and air: even medicines used with ill judgment, all escape through the miik. Tbe cow is saved from many dangers in this way, but the milk becomes a means of distribution of them.' We are only beginning to learn the nature of milk in this respect. FOB profit-able fattening, young pigs should be put-in a clever field for two months beh/re-UiufinafJifilsh. Then bran and commcal in equal Quantities, with skimmed milk or water added twelve hours before feeding, so as to be slightly acid, will make sound, sweet, meaty porta* A clover fed pi* never nas the cholora, or the common paralysis wlilch makes the hind limbs useless. BLOATING is a dangerous form of indi gestion in cattle. The enlargement of the stomach by the pressure of gas in it interferes with the action of tho lungs and prevents suffocation. An English remedy is to dash cold water over tlie animal's back. This reduccs the tem perature of tho stomach and condenses the gas and favors its escape by eructa tion or through the bowels. THE only really safo preservative against premature-souring of milk is perfect cleanliness. These two words have a vory broad meaning, and they re late to the health of tho cow, her feed, lodging, condition of skin, the water she drinks, tho habits of the milker, the con dition of the stable, the milk pails, strainers, pans and the atmosphere and condition of the dairy house. Any fault in any one of these is a breach of perfect cleanliness. Truly, cleanliness is next to godliness, and few there bo that prac tice it as they should. !•-. V.HK UA1KI. Holfrr Calve*. As our State (Wisconsin) is fast be coming a 'dairy State, the training of heifer calves with a view to make them grow into good milkers is an important matter. Several very good articles on the subject have from time to time ap peared in your paper, so I will only note a few things uot treated very distinctly in tboss articles. First, have a calf pad dock as near the house as possible, al lowing an acre to each three or four calves. As soon as the calf has learned to take skim milk, put it into the paddock. My own practice is, let the calf suck four or live days, then gradually tone it down to skim milk. When two weeks old It will generally be ready to go into the pad dock. Offer your calves water every day about noon, as plenty ot water is as important for a calf as it is for a boy or man. The main point is so to feed that the ,calf is kept in good thriving'order with out getting fat. To this end I am care ful not to produce "scours" by giving the calf too much skim milk at- a feed, as an attack of scours puts them back at least a week. The skim milk is slightly warmed. When a month old I put a fistful each of bran and middlings into its milk. As«oon as the warm weather cutdles the milk, give cold curdled milk. Continue tbe skim milk as long as you have it, say eight months, and the bran and middlings increase in quantity until grass the following spring. But the most important article of food fur them is potatoes.. Commence with potatoes when two months old, and continue it until the calf is a year old. I cut them into suitable pieces and give about a half a pailful once a day. See that they drink heartily of water at all times, especially In the winter. If they won't drink cold water, warm it. See them drink with your own eye's. Never trust to your son or to yonr hired, man about watering calves. They do not see the point.—Cor respondent Farm, Field and Stockman. Hairy Notes. Cow$, aro usually at their best at six to nine' years. SAL SODA IS better than soap for washing dairy vessels. DID you ever notice that the petted cow is almostalways a good one. Treat all cows kindly. THX dairy is no place for tbe. common "dorg experience has proved that over and over again. IFone man can keep five cows on flvo acres', to give back 300 pounds of butter each, why can't other men get ten cows on ten acres to do the same? If they can do it on ten why not on fifty? OUR rule for salting is an ounce to the pound, as -that suits most of our customers. Our own taste is an ounce and a half. But we make butter to sell as well as to eat, s(\ salt as the majority like, aud go with, the majority. IHK roULTUl'-YAUn Poultry Note*. WHEN a chick frequently picks Itself it is lousy. Buy some Persian Insect powder. USE earth as an absorbent in your poultry house, use freely, and keep a constant supply on hand. .NEVEK ?hip an egg that is dirty or in any manner soiled. The appearance of an article is a prime factor in its salo. CROP-BOUND fowls can trace their trouble to the lack of gravel or sharp, gritty grinding material, as well as to fibrous substances such as potato and apple parings or grass-blades. "Do DUCK eggs need sprinkling?" Why of course they do. If not, why does the duck when setting invariably take a daily bath and sprinkle her own eggs? Follow nature's laws and you will not be very far misled. A LITTLE bono meal in the feed will help chicks to form bone, and they will push along much faster. Use meal pre pared for chicks from selected bones. Common phosphate meal won't do—too many inferior bones go into its compo sition. For the large chicks give granu lated bono.—Poultry News. The eggs of ordinary poultry require, as a rule, twenty-one days to hatch, but this is by no means a universal rule. Cold weather or a prevailing east wind, will lengthen the time a day or more, while warm weather and an attentive setter will materially shorten it. SOME housewives throw egg-shells Into tho tire, to prevent the hens from eating them, claiming that thus the bad habit of egg-eating is learned. If the shells aro thoroughly crushed into small pieces beforo feeding, there will be no danger. Laying hens have an extraordinary ap petite for the bits of shells, while the male will scarcely notice them—not out of politeness, however, for, when other food is given, he is generally as full of get-up-and-get as any of them. POULTRY rairing, like any other busi ness, is a trade to learn, and if one is is adapted to it, or has a liking for it, ho will succeed. All beginners are advised to start with a few birds, Increasing the number as they learn how to handle them. What every one wants is to pro duce eggs when they bring the highest prices, and also poultry for market when it Is not plenty. A place near a city is naturally tho best, as one cau readily secure- customers that pay good prices for fresh eggs and nicely dressed cbickcns. IUK UOVSEHOLU to Krap a Child Hea'thy. Twice, or even threo times a day, in very -hot weather, the whole surface of the bod-y should be sponged with water at a temperature of 80 degrees F.t and after dried with gentle rubbing. The bracing effect of these baths is greatly increased by the addition of rock s-'aft or concentrated sea-water. Care should bo taken to wet the child's head first, and to see that it is not in a current- of air. ,The following rules being a portion of those recommended by the Obsterical Society.of Philadelphia, and published, by the Board of Health of that city, aro conciso and worthy of quotation: Rule 1. Bathe the child once a day in lukewarm water. If it bo feeble, sponge it all over twice a (lay with lukewarm water and vinegar. Rule 2V Avoid all tight bandaging. Have light flannel as the inner garment, and the rest of the clothing light and cool, and so loose, that tho child may have free play for it's limbs. At night undress dt, sponge it, and put on slip. In the morning remove the slip, bathe the child and dress it in clean clothes. If this can not be afforded, thoroughly air the day clothing by hanging it up during the night. Use clean diapers, and change them often. Never dry a soiled one in the room in wki?h the child is, and never use one for the second time without first washing it. Rule 3.' Tho child should sleep by it self in a cot or cradle. It should be put to bed at regular hours, and bo taught to go to sleep without be nursed in the arms. Without the advice of a physician never give it any spirits, eordials, car minative soothing syrups, or sleeping drops. Thousands of children die every year from the use of these poisons. If the child frets and does not sleep, it is cither hunger or else ill, it needs a phy sician. Never quiet it by candy or by cake they are common causes of diarrhoea Rule 4. Give the child plenty of fresh air. In tho cool of the morning and early evening have it out of doors for a little take it to the shady side of broad streets, to the public squares, to tho park, or make frequent excursions on the river. Whenever it seems to suffer from the heat, let it drink freely of water which lias been boiled and cooled by Ice. Keep it out of the room in which wash ing or cooking is going on. It is excess ive heat that destroys the lives of young infants. Rule 5. Keep your house sweet and clean, cool and well aired. In very hot weather let the windows be open day and night. Do your cooking in the yard in a shed, in tho garret,or in an upper room. Whitewash tho walls every spring, and see that the cellar is clear of all rubbish. Let no slops collect to poi son the air. Correct all foul smells by pouring chloride of lime into the sinks and privies. Make .every effort yourself, and urge your, neighbors to keep the gutters of your street or of your court clean. Should an infant bo attacked with summer diarrhoea the prompt attention of a physician is imperative, and since these articles are intended to point out the methods of preventing the ills of tho "second summer" rather than of curing them, I shall avoid entirely the ther apeutical aspect of tho subject.—Ladles? Home Journal. Uintx to liouftekeoper*. USE all the scented soap you like at tho bath, but spare your face. To MAKE waterproof writing ink which will not blur if the writing Is ex posed to rain: Dissolve two ounces shel lac in one pint alcohol (95 per cent.), filter through chalk, and mix with best lampblack. AN original use of glass, has been de vised. Various colored pieces in odd sizes are pierced' by three or four holes on the.edge, and caught together by wire until they form a.mesh or fretwork large enough for a panel In a transom. GREASE may be. removed from white marble by applying a mixture of two parts washing soda, one part ground pumice-stone and one part chalk, all first finely powdered and made into a paste with water rub well over the marble, and'finally wash off with soap and water. A HINT for a pin cushion that is a sachet as well may be new to some. It is made square, with each corner of the Inner covering cut off about three inches from the point. The outer covering is left square, the corners tightly tied, and each made into a tiny sachet. The pow der selected for tbe iilliug must be that preferred by tho owner. IHU KITCIUSH. Potato Units. To two cupfuls cold mashed potato add an egg, a teaspoouful of butter and salt a«d pepper to taste. Form with floured hands into small round balls, and fry in deep fat. PotwtOfs UBNIIWI tH Cream. Chop cold boiled potatoes line, and stir them into a cup of hot milk In which has been melted twotablespoonfulsof butter. Pepper and salt to taste. If you havo cream, use this and half as much butter. Oroppod ITihli Ciiktm* One cup of salt cod picked very lino, half-cup milk, one tablespoonfui butter, two teaspoonfONs flour, one egg, pepper to taste. Make a white sauce of the flour, butter and milk, stir tho fish Into this, add the egg beaten light, season and drop by tho spoonful into boiling lard, as is done with fritters. Glilrkm Mine* From the bone3 of a cold roast boiled or fricasseed chicken cutall the meat, aud mince it find* with a sharp knife, chop ping with it two hard-boiled eggs. Stir this into a cup of gravy, or, if you have none, use Instead a cup of white sauce. Season to taste, fill a pudding dish or scallop shells with the mixture, and serve very hot. Lyonvmifte Po'titoon* Slice cold boiled potatoes into neat rounds, cut a medium-sized onion into thin slices, and put it with a good table spoonful of butter or.bacon dripping into the frying-pan when the onion is col ored, add the potatoes, about two cup fuls, and stir them about until they are a light brown. Strew with chopped parsley, and serve Haaty uflln«. Two cups flour, two eggs, one table spoonful mixed butter and lard, two tea spoonfuls white sugar, one teaspoonful baking powder, salt-spoonful salt, one cup milk. Into the eggs, beaten yery light, stir the melted shortening, the sugar, the milk and the flour, well mixed with the salt and the baking powder. Stir well, aud bake in thoroughly greased tins. rarlalan rotataea. From peeled and washed white pota toes scoop out little balls with the cutter that comes for this purpose. Boil them for five minutes, then put them In the frying-pan with .two tablespoonfuls of melted butter. Stir them about until every-bail is well coated With the butter, pour into a colander and set them In thft ovou until brown. Sprinkle with salt and a little minced parsley before serv ing. DBl'OXT POWDER auis h, ANNIHILATED BY STA^^UNQ EXPLOSIONS. ^/. The Town a Complete Wr-clt, KoiW of Ita Houses B« ti'B I* Standing L'st of. the Dead and Ii Jured—Jluiiy Alade lluiueleaa by tho IMsauti r. WILMINGTON, Del., Oct. 7.—Several startling explosions—some counted Ave, others seven—a* 3.30 p. m. an nounced to Wilmington a ^disaster at the Dupont powder works, on the Brandywiue. A rush was made for the tel pbon:s, but nothing could bo learned beyond vagt.e reports of' damage. An Associated Press representative hastened to tfto scene, and has wired that the whole tlie works known as the "Upper plete wreck, and at least six llv One of the magazines went off. rolling and drying mills near hy set off. concuisson followed in rapid succession. There were at least seven distinct succes sive explosions. Every dwelling In the neighborhood is reported wrecked, unroofed or more or less damaged. Telephone in quiries from Westchester state that the ex plosion was distinctly heard in that section. A messenger brought in tbe following dis patch, which shows that the worst has not yet been learned of the powder mill explo sion "Ten killed, twenty wounded. Rock lutfti is a complete wreck none of Its houses are left standing." Rockland is a village on the Brandy win* fully a mile above the scene of the explo sion. It comprises a large paper mill owned by the Jessup & Moor company, and about fifty dwellings, In whlch/cbielly re side the mill employes. Its Mgjtotlpa Is about 200. The evidence of deirtBJgon at that distance leads to. the keuct^JMjlhat the number of killed ana wound(OT%as not yet beep fully ascertained. The Dupont ponder mills extend along the Brandywine, chiefly on the weqt bank and close to tbe water for about two miles. They are divided into the "Upper," "Hag ley" and "Lower" yards. The former ia three miles and the latter five miles from Washington. The report of damage done Rockland proves to be incorrect as to the locality, tbe name of Rockland being er roneously used for buildings clustered around what is known locally as the "Up per yard." There are some fifty houses, inhabited, by employes of the powder mills, clustered here and tiiere and there were all wrecked.' The damage to property cannot be thor oughly estimated to-night. The force of the concussion even broke windows lu some parts of Washington, four or five miles away. The following Is a partial list of tbe killed MARTIN Do'l*AN. JAMES D. DOLAN. WILDIAM McGAItVEY. JOHN MARrflBAN. y. WILLIAM DENNISON. JOHN DIETZ. jf, THOMAS HURLIKE. H." JOHN HURLIKE. 7 PATRICK DOUGHERTY. JOHN NEWELL. WILLIAM GREEN, and ROSE DOUGHERTY. Several others are missing. The mere seriously Injured, as far as learned, are: DANIEL HAHKINS. WILLIAM LOGAN. 1 ANNIB and MAKIK DOLAK. JAMES WARD. HUGH FERRY. JOHN MCDOECATX. ., MRS. WILLIAM MCDOWSLL and her 9-yearoM daughter. LYDIA ANDERSON. ,, The office of the Dupont company Is a wreck and six mills are in rulhs. Several memters of the Dupont firm were injured by falling walls and broken glass, but none ot them seriously. The dead were all employee of the company and were In and about the mills that exploded, cftveral workmen are missing and are believed to have blown Into fragments. The first explosion occurred in one of the packing mills, where a workman named Gran was receiving a can of bexogonat powder to be shipped for the use of the United States government. In some way a spark was communicated to the can and It blew up. lnstaiwl\jfa the packiug'mlll exploded and the #t%g%llls iu the upper yards, seven or elghJujMiUi ber, followed at intervals of letju^^Hpbift second. All exploded except the"^^^here tbe rolllng.mills, in which-tbelu^if^entsof gun powder are pulverized by vertical rol lers of stone turning slowly around the center post. Immediately after tbe explosion, the large building known as the "refinery," located near, the conter of the village, took fire. It was a matter of life o'r death to the whole village that the Are should be extinguished before it communicated with tbe powder the building contained. The Dupont fire brigade succeeded In extinguishing the the flames. Bad the roof fallen. It is doubt ful if any man, woman or child In the vicin ity would have escaped death or serious In jury. About fifty persons are made home less by the disaster. Latest and Correct News. WILMINQTON. Delaware, Oct, 8.—The fol lowing Is a correct list of tbe killed at yes terday's explosion at the Dupont powder mills: WILLIAM R. GREEN. WILLIAM MCGARVEY. MARTIN DOLAN. JOHN HARRIGAN. MICHAEL HARRIGAN. PATRICK DOUGHERTY. JOHN NEWELL. JOHN HERLENKR. MICHAEL HERLENER AND MRS, ROSIB DOUGHERTY. Those more or less Injured number about twenty. The meii who were killed Were working In and about the magazines ul mills, and, except In the case of thre^Mv blown to pieces, so that ogly.frafflMHll their remains have been found* theory of the workmen that th&^SfplWlaa was started in some way by the soldering iron which a green man was using In soldering tin covers on cans of powder. The wounded are being cared for by neigh bors and friends and the dead are being prepared for burial. William Green was burled this afternoon. Three or four hun dred homeless people have been provided with comfortable quarters by their friends living in more favorable localities and will be looked after until Wieir homes can be restored. The coroner summoned a jury this morn ing for the purpose, of viewing (the remains of William R. Green, so that the/ may be Interred. It may be two or three days be fore he will be ready to hear testimony. OH, But Chipper. MoHTaomRT, Ala., Oct. 8.—Isaac Fra sier, a negro 106 years old, died here yes terday. Some eight or ten years ago Isaac, who had worn glasses for many years, and who was then complaining of his defective vision, received what was called his second sight, and was able to see almost as well a* ever, although np to his death he occasion ally used glasses. After having passed his 05th yeat the old man was married. bdsK,