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foa NUMBER 21. District Court 8till in Session—County Su perintoadent isham Submits his eportfor 1890. see I *r'vim Letter From Worthing Other Items of News and General Information. DISTRICT COURT. NA*SAAA The October term of the District court ls still In session. The past week or more 'the court has devoted largely to the hear '. ing of the case of Dean Bros, against Col. Gale. A full report of this sessionwill be given next week. WOBTHIBG WAIFS. lilpf Anlntewiting. Letter From The Farmers' Leader 'f/ ^iUgulgr Gorre»pondent. WORTHK)|| NOV. 10.—Special corres- Saturday's snow storm also ktives of this region with jchesofsnow, indicating that taking the red-hot experience of visit about! notwithf! the fore Ft of the week, wipter has not been scared out of existence... .H. B. Lund arrived today from the east and vas heartily congratulated upon his elec tion. Mr. Lund is a bright young man, w^ll educated, and the people of this county have reasons to congratulate themselves upon getting such a man into office of county superintendent.... A, J. .-Henry, of Hnll, Iowa, accomp&taied by bis daughter, Mrs. Miller, of Canton, visited with W. J. Henty at the depot a few daj's last week. Mr. A. J. Henry has just recovered from a six weeks spell of sickness A pleasant social gathering, composed of about sixty^of the friends of Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Frank as sembled at the senator's residence one evening last week and participated in an |ble hop.... Mr. Hasting went home Tupsday, aud says he cast a solid allot while there.. ,,Wm, 'ehwood, Mov is here visiting old friend F. A. Leavitt and family .. .Mrs. Hayes of Sioux Falls, is sg,: .visiting with Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Frank. .. .The local literary society ,yiil: be re organize(i at the Worthing school house "next Saturday night. All former friends and members are invited to be present will also meet that evening to consider important business.. .,1a justjee to Miss Dykeman your correspondent wishes to state that our.local school is giving good satisfaction this fall. Miss Dykeman is a number one teacher. ...The g. o. folks in this vicinity don't feel as well as they did before election. Although they have been successful their former "rous ing majorities" have dwindekH down to insignificonce and they read their doom in the hand writing on the wall. Ill '92 they will be permanently laid upon the shelf tp dry.... The republican -ejre se^tyitjve from this township has no dis '1 to crow very much. Of course well over his election, but the fac^Q^t he only got 34 out ol a hundred •.votes in his own township left him to go away from home for his election and he sPan clearly that if he had been as well y'A'.ifllflcnown in other townships as he is in his •).£: own, he would have been left to play second riddle to his Koyal Nibs of the Canton Advocate THE FAKMEKB' I:,. LEADER, has the thanks of the people of ,'jv lhis locality for the manly stand it has ^'S' taken for the people in the last campaign "'and for the very efficient way in which it lias handeled it. Much credit is due the editor of the paper for the excellent news *f|aper ability displayed in his manner of 1\ .. conducting the paper. May THE LEADEK ^,.^continue its present course and the peo will stay by it and help it win the day in 1892. In the meantime, let every \. township send in tlie news to the paper and thus help to make it the best in the state thus helping the cause of reform by inducing other people to tjike and read the paper The members of the inde •pendent party here, many of whom are not farmers, have expressed the opinion that the new party ought to be named the Labor Party. It would tend to get labor imen interested in it more than the it naiqe. Let the people consider TEE COUNTY SCHOOLS. Ieham's Beport On the Condition of Lincoln County School!. CANTON, NOV. 6, 1890.—EDITOR, PABMEKS' LEADER: Believing that many of your readers will be interested in a "synopsis of the annual report of this office, I herewith offer the same for pub lication. Lincoln county's public school report for the year ending June 30,189Q, GENEKAL STATISTICS* No. of graded schools K. No. of rooms in same S No. of ungraded schools No. of school houses Total value of hoses, sites and furni ture $f.l,17M00 Seoting capacity of houses 2.819 No. of teachers employed, male as Total.. -1 '••I'-'I: \verage monthly wages of males S females No. persons of school age, males..... StfjS 1.4BB 4# 1,333 Total.......... kSvK 8,816 Whole No. pupils enrolled 2.979 Average dally attendance jra&lJIB Per cent, of attendance ige cost per 11 enrolled.... Avrage, No. months taught No. of visits of county supt No. of volumes in district libraries &?% Total amount of outstanding bonds, Canton city not included S 12,613.60 Amount outstanding bonds of Canton S 12,000.00 Total amount outstanding warrants, Canton city not included :... $ 9,065.79 Amount outstanding warrants of Canton city 2,000.00 Increase of indebtedness in county 00.00 Deerease. .'. .: :....$ 5SO.OO Average, tax levy for ensuing year, mills.... 07 5-38 No. certificates issued, 1st. grade 2 2nd. .... 31 3d. ... 57 Total 90 Institute fees paid by applicants $ 90.00 Institute fund on hand July 1, '90 113.51 One institute held an enrollment of... 10 No. teacher's assoclatiens held 10 Amount received by Sqpt. as. salary #1,071,95 ofllce expenses 9 27.85 FINANCIAL STATEMENT. Balance on hand July 1, 1889 $9,091.55 Amount received from special tax... 21,117.01 S'i'r apportionment 7,153.71 jffvi all other sources 346,24 Total receipts for the year 87,706.51 Paid for school housqs 1,436.85 school house sites 60.00. Amount paid for' furniture 506.68 apparatus and fixtures 1,218.20 PS®" teachers wages 19,340.34 tflV' int. on bonds .... 2,069.43 rdemptionof bonds.. 906.95 services of school officers 513.94 SSiS" purposes not before mentioned 5,118.31 Total expenses for all purposes for the year 31,160.61 Cash in school treasurer's hands at end of year. 6,547.90 Total to balance receipts 37,708.51 Respectfully submitted, IWSiBjGM C. B. ISBAM, Superintendent. THE LEASES WOULD LIKE rf To know if the late election wasn't a surprise to the g. o. p. To know if there was anyone present at the Huroh celebration last Wednesday. To have a good correspondent at Eden and Lennox. To know if Deacon Nash knows what becameof the lies he telegraphed to the Sioux Falls Argus-Leader on1 the capital vote in this county. To know why the editor of the" Advo- To know how Doctor' Gerver's pulse is beating. To see. a more lively 'business house than Helmey & Kelman's. To know what has become of the Can ton Commercial club To know if Loucks and Leavitt are not being cheated out of the election. To know whft has become of our starch An Embarrassing Situation. There was to be company at dinner, and Bobby's mother had cautioned him to be care ful of his behavior, especially to eat sparing ly and always to say thank you when any thing was, penned to him. The old people were rather numerous and, perhaps, rather hungry. At all events, they kept the faoateea so busy that she found no time to wait upon Bobby. The little fellow grew desperate. "Say, ma," he whispered, after a time, "how can I eat sparingly and say thank you if I dont get anything!"—Binghamton Re publican. Same Thing. Vv-•' jack'(impatiently)—What do you want to howl "Rats!" for in that idiotic manner whenever you hear an old story! Ned—Probably for the same reason that you yell "Chestnuts!" when anybody springs an old gag on you. Jaclf—But' there's some sense in that. There's a ftory connected with chestnuts Ned—Exactly and there's a tail connected with rats.—Judge. A Masculine Base. Mrs. Sweetly—Oh, dear! I don't have any spending money these days. Mrs. Younghusband—Why not? -S Mrs. Sweetly—Because, every time I my husband for $10, he bawls out "Rats!" and it frightens me so 1 have given up I in Charleston. W. Vi you, sir," replied the is full and All the governors of here. "-Chicago New* It. ,i:: IU, a hith bill your Philadelphia Judge—Why did erto respected and pacific wife* Prisoner—Well, you see. Judge, it's awfully dull at home on Sundays, and 1 wanted a lit tle excitement. —Today. Any arsenic?" softly asked the little wo as the druggist came forward with bis retail smile. "Yes'm." "I'd like a quarter's worth, "Yes'm. How ore vou going to adminis ter it?" "Why—why, on cheese or bread, I suppose. Isn't that the general way?" .. f: A Faithful LEADER in the Cause of Economy and Reform, the Defender of Truth and Justice, the Foe of Ft aud and Corruption. CANTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, An Avalanche of the Peoples Ballots Burries the Republican Party Beyond Resurection. Though Successful In this State Their Hope Is Blasted Everywhere Else—Court Roturns. IP,1 THF DAY OP KECONISO. Strange as it may seem, it is true that up to this writing nothing deflnate has come to the surface as to the result on governor and congressmen in this state last week. The republicans claim the election of Mellette and the entire ticket by a small plurality but up to this writ ing it has been impossible to obtain the figures.' Nothing deflnate will probably, be known until the republicans are pleased to disclose the, figures. For the state capital Pierre beats Huron over 8,000. The republicans have a plurality in the legislature, which stands 81 rep. 64, ind.: 24. dem. As a majority of the legislature elects senator1, it is hard In Kansas the inaependents have elect ed 5 congressmen. Nebraska, Wiscon sin, Illinois, and probably Iowa have gonc^ democratic. The democrats have elected enough to have 129 majority in the house of representatives. Merriam, rep. is elected governor in Minnesota. Equal sufrfage iu Dakota is defeated by 15,000 and the proposition to increase ,thef |tgte debt is also snowed under. tUtliS The total vote Qf Lincoln county is 2,077, which was distributed among the differ ent candidates and questions as follows: Y", GOVERNOR. Loucks....Wil '. ...' 557 Mellette .....1090 Tailor. .480 LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR. VanOsdell ri57 Hoffman ..1073 Couchman ... 439 SECRETARY OP STATE. Hanson .....: S53 Ringarud. —1071 Freeman ......1....... .............. 444 STATE AUDITOR?'! Lowe.'...: ........ 565 Taylor, L. .... 1078 Weeks,..iV ^30 ^FERAAAAT TBEASUBEB, •*&***•*<•• Eoberta i..v. .:.......: -353 Horswell .%......:...-.?:. r:jS?f!^^440 ATTORNEY GENEIUI., Cosand 4 Dye... .'... 540 Salmon 1081 Buxton COMM'R OF SCHOOL AND PUBLIC' LANDS, Meyer.... ..." 427 Ruth 91' Evanson 712 Cint'R OF LABOR AND STATISTICS. Johnson 555 Sfcilth 1084 Kennelly.... 441 'MEMBERS IN CONGRESS. Lcuvitt ztpp Piokler Gamble Clark '. Quigley Barnum Pierce..: Richardson dude has been poisoned through sucking the bead of bis cana This news will go along way towards reconciling us to the spectacle of a quisite absently chewing the knob of A .y "Some giv« it in coffee." ..S "Why, rats don't drink coffee, do they?" "Oh! it's for rats, eh? Then proper thing."—Detroit Free .fr.-i'.'. 028 553 1U5S 984 441 4T.0 STATE SENATOR. Bradshawi Dunham Bertrand -is..'- 570 SOS 576 MEMBERS IN THE LEGISLATURE. Holter. u. %'.... i&.u Owens .* Gelaon Moscript Donahue... i... Deavitt Wumkes Drey:,.. Ward well. Powles in such an awful hurry," old Uncle Tobias to his nephews and niei "You lose a great deal by being in such awful hurry Ughtnin' might do a great deal more if it wasn't always in such an awful hurry. "-London Tid Bita r, 574 1034 COUNTY JUDGE. Steiner Hubbard .. 1051 STATES ATTORNEY. "::r-..i254 Brown Averill 4H8 COUNTY SURVEYOR. Huetson Curtis .*. -.1221 503 CLERK OF THE COURTS. :i4 Forrest t, DeLong i. Nims •5C8 io:-» 454 SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS. Goltry if,7 CJarvor 703 Ltintl lO'o-l CORONER. Kosenhaum ^.... 1075 Smith (£9 COMMISSIONER, SECOND DISTRICT. NOVEMBER 14, 1890. FRIDAY, ... SUFFRAGE AMENDMENT. Yea 663 1889 No......... STAT DEBT AMENDMENT. Yes... Pierre... Huron... 360 AN AMENDMENT. Yes.. .....10*6 856 ATE CAPITAL. 951 .1077 Advie* Gratis. of, who was noted for parti the renowned Dr. Lind menade. Eagerly availing 'opportunity thus afforded of ivioe gratis, she exclaimed: ,te I am in meeting you, my have felt so vary weak of ime I go out I am overcome what would yoa reeom- Prau Von many, one mann on herself of getting a Hi "How fortt dear doctor! late, and evi by fatigne, mend me to "A cab, reply, 1 away at a •. the doctor's laconic on his heals and walked pade.—Blumenleea. High mother an Little 553 Dollard. .C J.... i. .1079 VanBuskirk..... 430 SUrERINT'D Or PUBLIC INSTRUCTIONS. Pi tls that you, Tilly Tilly—Ye^'fatter. Mendican^Well, nm home and tell moth er not tofc with her green peae strangeft to deposit the money I left E morning, and to have duck and dinner to-night. (Hearing a p.) Pity the poor blind!—Life. ,. MIIJ Quite Carelem. A W««t SMe church is in process OF itno-.' vation," andJehe pastor is daily engaged. in raWnff fnndH to pay the expense. One mefciM the pastor t§bes for that purpose is to eail on his iirii|hriyrs and ask for swbucriptiosa. In one case titirgood man approaohed the front door of a parishioner's house, rang the bell, and a little girl appeared, afternoon, my child, ley oar •Wo, sir mamma is dowa town, sbiebeieksoon? I^Ucaitoia and wait a few takes a seat in the par- desiroaa of knowing -what kind jto provide for their families^ looked about him and soon' of feet nitilfT VMtigation siitisfled him that' the feet be longed to the little girl's mother. By and by the child appears again and said that she thought her mamma would not return for an hour or two. "Well,1 says the pastor, "I will not wait but, my child, be kind enoagh to tell your mother the next time she goes down town to take her feet with her."—Buffalo Express. His Tenloa. It is the excellent ractice of the teaeban in the Washington public schools to give out to their pupils brief extracts from the beet poetry aad to ask the pupils to reproduce the idea in their own language. This not oaty familiarize* the pupils with our best litera ture, but teaches them to read undemtaad ingly and to write each in his own independ ent style. The other day (so a gentleman who vouches for the truth of the story in forms us) a teacher gave out the following lines from Longfellow: I heard the trailing garments of night j,' Sweep through her marble halls. I saw her sable skirts all fringed with light From the celestial walls. One little fellow brought in his translation, beginning: I heard the long tails of her night shirt."" Scratch along the stone floor. —Washington Post. .1057 .. 970 490 .. 500 ,.,405 REGISTER OF DEEDS. Wahl".v.' Oleson Wilkinson ..V.' .. 440 .. 1187 .. 429 COUNTY AUDITOR. John Forth, a Minnesota man, wasMigging a well when it caved in on him. Two men offered to fill up the well for 8, and- the widow sat down and figured the funeral ex penses at $14. She told them to go ahead, as It would save her §6, and when heme her to the extravagance of body.—Detroit Free Press. .v- Customer—Does the edge raaor by laying it away for a honing? 442 Pelton 107 COUNTY TREASURER. Wimple Alii bone Conklin 509 1000 SHERIFF. Barber—I believe so. Customer—You ought to put that one away for about two thousao Tc Caller—Why don't you try Christian Sci ence for Fido? You know how much it did for oar baby. Hostess—Yes,' but I can't afford to fool with the life of that dog. Why, he cost $451 —Boston Gazetto. A Wi»o *"Did jrou win your suit?" "I did." "Easily?' "Quite so. Our judqa is the most man in the -world. Tho day before the de cision I wrote him a few lines begging him to accept a checlc for 500 francs which I in closed." "But it seems to me this was a proceeding which might linvo ruined your case." •'Quite so. Only I took care to sign my adversary's name to tho check."—La Figaro. far is it to the daypof he asked of a lad on Jefferson avenue yesterday. "Daypo is French, isut it?" queried the boy 'd 't End it in Continuation of the Address Delivered By Ralph Beaumont at Canton, Octo-^ ber 18, 1890. The Credit Mobiliar Fraud and the Deficien cies of the Public Land V1VS."' syndicate, and that the United States government agree to pay the interest dur ing the thirty years, and. agree to meet the principal at the end of that time in case the company refused to. And con gress said aye, and passed the bill in this form, and sent it up to the upper house, the senate of the United States, the house of Lords of America, that great conserva tive body, which is fifty years behind the people in ideas, and tow hundred ahead of them in rascality, said aye, and the bill became a law. Fellow citizens, it is twenty odd years since these acts of legis lation were passed. How does our ac count stand with the Union and Pacific railway? We have paid in interest on these bonds, out of the public treasury upwards of $08,000,000. We stand re sponsible for the principal of $04,000,000 more. We gave them $52,000,000 worth of land, and what have we got to sliow for it? Why we have got- a second mort gage on the roads, and a European svndi CiitM holds the first mortgage! The gov ernment furnished the public credit to build these roads. Did these companies, when they received this credit, allow American labor to earn it? Not a bit of it. They made a contract with the six Chinese companies of San Francisco to furnish 15,000 Chinamen for three years at $l.r per month and found, and agreed to carry their oones home to China in case they died on their hands. The rea son that tbev did not hir. American labor was that the price at that time was $2.50 per day. The chairman of the committee on Public Lands of the 48th congress reports to that body that these same capitalists are now building parallel lines right along side of the government roads to pay heavy dividends on their own roads, and they were knocking at the door of congress with a Funding bill, asking for an extension, of seventy years to pay this indebtedness, with a .proviso in the bill lhat the government should pay the in terest during that length ol' time. This, my fellow citizens, is but one of the many iniquitous acts that have been passed by our national legislature dur ing the past quarter of a century. The 40th congress appointed a com mission to investigate the Condition of those roads. Among other men who they summoned to appeur before them" and testify was Colis 31. Huntington the president of the Southern Pacific railway. He under oath testified that he was a member of the construction committee that built these roads, and that they re ceived $174,000 in stcck, and government bonds per mile for constructing those ffiV o,n»d- System- Analyzed.' I&S&FISA POWERFUL PLEA. Now I presume that there is not a poor man or wonan within the hearing of my voice that could not get rich before break fast in the morning if they would only do that to me before I go to bed tonight. But when they obtained fifty-two mil lion dollars worth of land they did not build -the road. What do you suppose they did then Why.nsaid one of them, we want you to give us the privilege of issuing thirty millions more of bonds, these bonds to run thirty years, the inter est to bear six per cent. You, the United States government, to pay the interest out of the public, treasury evefy six moaths, and the principal at the end of thirty years in case we fail to meet it. And when they received that privilege they did not b*ild the road. What do you suppose they did then Why, they organized a wheel within a. wheel. They called it a Cerdit J^»&Vr. People, in aft er years, wanted to know what kind of an animal that was. Well, they said it was a FRENCH one and that it was a great construction company that was to builp the Union and Central ^Pacific rail way.: Who was it composed of? Why, it was the directors of the Union and Pacific railway, let the contract to build the road to themselves as directors of the Credit Mobilier. And in two years they divided, twenty millions out of the thirty as dividends and pui it in their pockets, and the road was not built yet. Then they fell bacd on their cheek again and went begging at the door of congress once more, and congress taid, what do poii fallows want now? Aud they re plied that-they wanted congress to give them ,the privilege to issue $30,000,000 more bonds to bear six per cent interest, to' run thirty years, and, they to have the first mortgage 011 the road, and that the United States government to take a second mortgage in the place of the first ne thatf they now held, and their -second $1.00 PER ANNUM. them who help make the survey testified that the road can be duplicated today for thirty thousand per mile. That reveals a clean swindle of $140,000 for every mile Another of the crowd liy the name of Miller, one of the board of directors, testi fled that under the presidency of Chaa. Francis Adams of Massachusetts, that the company had issued during the year 1886, $23,000,000 ot stock and .bonds without any warrant of law.% And when asked by Governor Patterson, the chair man of the commission as to what had become of the money, his reply was .that, "no mortal man could tell." The land question is a great question. Let me give you another illustration. Si* years ago last October two brothers 'in Chicago by the name of Farwell the lead- S|1 in«4*i7 dealer of that city, (one of them now misrepresents the people of Illinois ia the United States senate) in formed a syndicate with the legislature-• I say with the legislature, as the ^people,1 would never have made such a bargain. f|^j What waa it? It was as follows: That, ||f iu consideration that they bujld th» ||™w state of Texas- -a .State House.' worth *. million arid a half of dollars. They sbouftl havb spot cash' when the consummated a title deed to 3.000)000 'PIF 'L| acres of Texas prairie land. That was 50 cents an acre. This was in October. In "?1 the following- March. the^'-..tinloaded block of it toan English Syndicate for several million dollars. Now I want to- ask vou people of Dakota if you have eves asked yourself what that method ultih•' mately means. It means in twenty-five? j'ears that American thrift, American push and enterprise will in thirty years have built up railroads, churches, col leges. school houses, manufacturing es tablishments and dwelling houses, around that land and it -vyill be worth 830 per acre. What will the English Syndicate have done in the meantime to enhance the value of that. land? Will they have laid out a dajr's labor? Not a day's. Will they hav^px*:- :i pended a dollar? Not a dollar. What will they have done?. They will have drawn milHonsof ^dollars from America •. in the form of ground rent and spent it in living in luxury and debauchery in Europe. What.tilse does it mean? It means that you workingmen xif Dakota and my workingmen of New York and Pennsylvania, will raise y9^rjjtj,le.child- willwork in a cot^n^'wool^n York State or mine, or pick- slate in a coal breaker in Pennsylvania for the beg garly pittance of a dollar a day and save money out of that pittance to pay the English company $30 an acrc for land that is worth thirty by the child's own thrift and industry and not through any thing the English company may have done. -^0 Let me carry thecillustratidn still fur-' ther: We will say .that this is a manu facturing audience of one of our large manufacturing cities of the east, and I have got a young man in the audience by the name of Tom. Tom works ip one of the manufacturing estal biennis of the city he is industrious at .••A.vijijr, and. he»has saved up $1,000 ai.u.-'i: is '..ssess- 1 ed of hunting and trappi:. v,.^p^..iiion. He has been.out and trapprfd a bird on the form of a nice young lady, and hav ing caught t-h« bird he wants, a- cage to put it 111. Walking down one of the streets of this city he notices a sign read ing as follows: John Jones, contractor and builder." Walking in he says: Jones, I have eaught a bird and I want a cage to put it in. What will you make me a four roomed cottage of such and such dimension, for ''Well," replied Jones, "I will make you that for $1,000." "Well." says the young man, "I think that is about right I will agree to that," "But" says Jones "Where is the peg tha I am to hang this cage on?' "Oh, yeS" says the young man, "I had forgotten all about that. I will look around and see if I can find one." The first Sunday morn ing he strolls out on the outskirts of his city and he finds a little elevated hill that has a beautiful view, and he says to him self, this would be a good place to build my house. He also notices it sign stuck up in the middle of the lot that reads as follows: This lot for sale.: JInquire of, McKenzie & Co., Real Estate Agents, No. 16 Main St." So, on Monday morning. he strolled down to McKenzie & Co. What do vou askY AV:zlking in lie asks: liat do you for that vacant lot. No. so and so, on the outskirtsof the city "Wtll sir," _Mc- 1^ Kenzie reples, "You may have that fc $500." "All vight," says the youug man:! "I think that is a fair price. I that iot."—Continu ed B0ABD MEETING, I The members of the board of directors of.'*i^: the South Dakota Farmers Publisliing%v Company. Publishers of the FAHMEKS' LKADEK. will meet in regular quarterly :'.f" meeting, at the LEADER ofllce in Canton. 4 on Saturday. December, G, 1890, at oclock p. m. A. J. WIMPI.E, E. W. OWEXS, Secretary ... i« 5 1 ir- is yM v4'.5iP.^vr J'/*-* •WV' rr'"' President..