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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, December 19, 1890, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1890-12-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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tEPiU '1
W?' SSl
RIDER HAGGARD has gone to Palen
que to obtain material for one of his
paralyzing novels.
THE hazing parties at Eastern 'col
leges now give the victim a clean shave.
But this is one of the least of the "bar
barisms" practiced at American col
....,}$ ____________
"WILLIE TASCOTT'S name has again
been before the public. For some time
that has been all of Willie Tascott that
the public has ever seen, and there is a
growing belief that it is all it ever will'
THE two Japanese cities of Tokioand
Yokohama are now connected by tele
phone, and there are several hundred
subscribers in each city. In Tokio
there are four electric lighting oompa
nies in the field.
A useful feature has been added to
the drill of soldiers in the British army.
jfOV" It is now required of them that they
'I ,,s shall all know how to swim, and not only
that but practice the art, so that they
*,' may grow .strong and broad-chested.
clerk of Syracuse, N.Y.,
Aas turned out to be a German prince.
It has long been suspected from the
air of superiority that dry-goods clerks
were princes incog., bat this is the fir'fit
«vidence given to Support the sus
ffffl THEekrysanthemum shows are doing
much to make this the flower of this
country as well as of Japan. Fortu
nately for Japan, that country has a
claim of some centuries to which she
may appeal in case of any dispute or
EIGHT {nn manufactories in New En
land produce annually 2,000,000 packs
of pins. Each pack contains 3,360
pins, which makes a total yearly pro-
6,720,000,000 pins. These
Iv pins are usually put up in large cases
fi72.flrtrt irimi.
containing 672,000 pins.
IV THE scheme to reach the north pole
"by means of balloons seems really like
ly to be tried. It at least has the ad
vantage over other plans that it has
not been proved to be ineffectual as
they have. The time of attempting
Aretic exploration in the old fashion is,
or should be, past.
IN the photograph of the heavens,'in
course of preparation at tne Paris Ob
aervatory,' it is calculated that 64,000,
000 «f stars will be represented. In
the nebulae -of the Lyre, M. Bailland
took photograph four by five and one
lialf inches, which revealed to the
naked eye 4,800 stars.
Now OOHBS the season of weddings.
The list of marriage licenses grows
•paoe. Great Seott, what a sum the
clerk hauls ia in the Shape Of fees! It
would make a dozen half-starved ed
itors independent for life. Think of it.
And what a heap of cash the presents
will cost, not to mention the oash to the
minister. Still, the world could hard
ly survive the universal adoption,of
THE sewing machine ftgent lias been
killed $n AUoona, Pennsylvania. The
lightning-rod peddler has .gone the way
of all flesh, and it is new, apparently,
the turn of the life-insurance fiend.
And the aged gentleman on the pale
faced horse, carrying a reaper and
mower over his shoulder, is
.close at the
heels of this particular nuisance, with
big odds on the silent man with the
jteytbe. Let the good work go on.
BUFFALO BILL and Buck Taylor,
-while in Frankfort, Germany, graced a
refined circle with their presence. The
lady whom the latter
gentleman, attired
in faultless evening dress, took in to
dinner remarked, by way of a compli
ment, "that it was a pity he had not
come in the picturesque costume of his
native ranch." "Madam," replied' the
tail-coated eowboy, "if you only care for
my clothes, I will send them to you to
morrow.", This he said, and nothing
THE anniversary of the-death of the
Anarchists executed four years since in
Chicago was observed by their friends.
These is certainly no reason why that
act of justice should be forgotten, and
it is well that other would-be .disturb
ers of the public peace should be kept
in mind of the fate that overtook Spies,
Parsons and the rest. Perhaps it is an
indication that the memory of the exe
cution has had a beneficial effeet that
each year the anniversary celebrations
liave been more and more quiet.
MB. BANCROFT, who had hoped to
finish his history this winter, said to a
friend a few days ago: "I have laid my
work upon the shelf, and can now only
wait for the future summons. Literary
effort has passed beyond my powers
I can do no more so I must accept the
common lot of humanity. I enjoy tak
ing a retrospective view of the events of
the long past, but dimmed with the in
firmities of age, the scene is without
the sharp lines of detail which younger
faculties of mind bring out in interest
ing relief."
IT is enough to make one ashamed of
his kind to hea^ that persons in human
form are capable of robbing those who
are killed or injured in railroad acci
dents. Perhaps this is not so surpris
ing when we consider that there are
those who Bre ready to wreck trains and
to sacrifice life and limb for the sake of
robbery, but there is even mora of the
Irarioan jackal about the creature who
will take advantage of an accident to
fill, his pockets from the purses of the
dead or suffering victims of the '.'ulum
ity. He will not even take the risk in
volved in the crime of wrecking a train,
but acts the buzzard, finding his prey
ready to his hand.
THE enemies of the telegraph lines
in different countries are engaging the
attention of scientists, most of whose
researches in "these days are pressed
into the service of utilitarianism. In
Brazil th^re is an orchid that h%3 a
habit of fastening itself to the wires
anfl growing until it reaches the ground,
forming an
"earth contact." In Japan
theife is a large spider whose web, wet
With'dew, serves the same inconvenient
purpose. In Norway the trouble come3
From a woodpecker that is so foolish as
to mistake the humming of the wires in
the wind for the buzzing of nests of in
sects, and is accordingly forever boring
the poles to pieces. Another species
of woodpecker in California selects the
telegraph poles as suitable places in
whioh to dig and nest, so that when
there comes a high wind the poles are
liable to be snapped in two. There
seems to be no end to the trouble to
which man is 'put by natural causes,
and the want of sympathy felt by thei
creatures of the world not of his race
for his undertakings is enough to make
one weep.
[From the Barn's Horn.]
If you can't be rich you can become
better off by being contented.
If we had more good hearers, there
would he more good sermons.
No man can pray the Lord's prayer
with his hands in his pockets.
The man will always be remembered
who forgets himself for others.
Unkind words would kill us dead as
bullets if they had the power/
There are people who have all kinds
of sense except common sense.
A man who is unfaithful in small
things is not to be trusted in great
The biggest rogue who goes to church
sets himself up to be a good judge of
the sermon.
Every body can do a good deal for
the Lord who is willing to gee down
low enough.
The things which do the most to
make us happy do not cost money.
The man who asks God for his daily
bread will not engage in any occu
pation to get it upon which he can not
ask the divine favor.
The man who never does anything in
the church unless he can have his own
way about it is a man the devil is noli
much afraid of.
The man who does not say "Our
Father," in his conduct, wherever he
goes, can not say it on his knees.
Whenever we reach the point tha^
we think we have religion enough, it
won't be long until we won't have any.
No man who really prays the Lord's
prayer can sit down and fold his hands
and try to loaf his way to heaven.
All the devil's troops in a community
can't prevent the coming of a revival,
but the smallest kind of a church fuss
The man who truly serves his gener
ation will not need any monument.
A man who has nothing worth fight
ing for never gains many victories.
Whenever a man is willing to give up
self, he finds it easy to be a Christian.
When you find God's plow at work in
your soul you may know that He in
tends to raise a crap there.
Some men are honest because they
have never had a chance to steal any
If we didn't have any church choirs
the devil would have harder work to get
behind some of the preachers.
Not one person in ten thousand can
remember a great sermon, but nobody
can forget an act of kindness.
The Good Shepherd never drives His
sheep to pasture.
A flower will smell good, no matter
where you put it.
The devil never made a flower.
There is no divinity in a dead man.
People on the fence never weigh
Peacemakers never need to be out of
It is better to succeed in small things
than to fail in great ones.
The soldier who really did good at
the front never brags about it.
You can't warm other people while
your own heart is freezing.
Gloves are not good conductors of
Christian magnetism.
Any man or sect that is afraid of the
Bible needs watching.
The man who goes to school to his
mistakes has a good teacher.
God's work never begins until man's
work has'first been done.
God never pays too much for any
THE foolish man maketh haste to re
move his winter flannels, and pneu
monia taketh their place.
FIRST newsboy—What's that you're
smokiDg? Second newsboy (who has
made a tour of the saloons)—Dat's a
Floor del Fumar.
WHAT is it the German philosopher
says, "A handsome woman ii always
right?" "That was the way he said it.
I suppose he meant that pretty girls
are never left."
PARTICULAR citizen—These new red
stamps are not as adhesive as they ought
to be." Postal official—I guess you
never tried carrying a sheet of them in
your pocket on a hot day."
IBATE GUEST—See here, Your adver
tisement said "no mosquitoes." Summer
landlord—There wasn't a mosquito
here when that advertisement was
written, not one. You must remember
I began advertising in April.
"I KNOW why you go down town
every night now, William?" "Youdo?"
said the young husband, and his face
blanched, "ies You're learning to
ride. I heard you say in your sleep,
"You fellows take what you please, I
want a pony."
Somo Valuable Information for the Plow
man, Stockman, Poulterer, Nursery
man, auti Everybody Connected with the
About Pork.
&|£riON of break
'0&ast never troub
$ff^les me we have
'-'-"porridge, a rash
er of bacon, a
soft-boiled "egg,
toast and mar
malade the year
"1 should think
~'you would get
ui'ttodfully tired of it."
"JSo, itseems the natural and accepted
breakfast.' Whou we first came to the
States I did occasionally vary it with
steak, or cbops, and hot bread, but John
would look around the table and say,
'Have you got such a thing as a rasber
of bacon in the house, Kate?' and, 'I'd
like my egg, you know, when she
brings in the toast-rack/ So I ceased
making innovations on that meal."'
Though of my "opinion still" that a
stereotyped meal must pall sooner or later
that-was a very clever breakfast. A
small,' well-cooked portion of salt or
smoked meat is very appetizing eggs, as
we all know, offer the greatest amount
of nourishment in the smallest bulk
toasted bread is very discouraging to
dyspepsia, and orange marmalade, with
Its piquant mingling of sweet and bit
ter, is a most excellent stomachic. If
its valuable properties were better
known, it would find a place on many
more breakfast tables.
One little word about my Canadian
friends' toast. It was served either thin,
crisp, and dry in a silver toast rack, or
the bread cut in slices an inch thick,
the crust pared away, browned evenly,
beaten with a flat, wooden tijutter-pad
dle .(the broad handle-of a kntfe will an
swer) until soft, but not broken, but
tered on both sides to lubricate, not to
soak it, and set in the oven between
hot plates for two minutes before send
ing to the table.
The improvement to be suggested on
that, breakfast would be the sub
stitution of our American salt pork for
the smoke cured English or Irish bacon,
served at a table, the former being much
more palatable because it does not
possess the smokv flavor.
It is curious what a difference the cut
ting will make in the taste of a rasher of
ham or pork that is to be broiled or
fried and the latter, if properly done,
is quite as good as the former and more
economical, since the fat is not wasted.
Tho rind of either should be pared away
with a sharp knife. If the pork is a
rib-piece the bones should be removed,
cutting them out as clean as possible,..
These may be. used to flavor sour, or
stews of kidney, veal, chicken, or any
dishin which a portf flavor is required,
and spheres of t£t upon the surface are
superfluous. The ham or pork should
be cut as thin as a slifirp knife will %ut
it, put into a very hot frying-pan, which
has been rubbed with a bit of salt pork.
Tho peat will quickly curi from the
heat it must then In turned every mo
ment till delicately brown and crisp,
when it should be served upon a hot
dish! Cooked in this way its juices are
preserved, while it is free from clinging
fat or grease. IT requires but a very
few minutes, yet not one servant in fifty
will cook it properly^
Fried pork with cream gravy, as served
in a Jersey farm-house, may well rank
among breakfast delicacies. The pork
is to be fried thin and crisp and set in"
the oven, the superfluous fat poured
from the pan and the remaining gravy
diluted with a cupful of rich cream,
stirred and allowed to come to a boll,
then poured over the pork. Ham may
be cooked.in the same -way, and the
buckwheat'cakes accompanying cither of
these dishes are served in a great bowl
of hot cream.. A very good cream gravy
may be made by diluting what is re
served of the pork gravy in the pan with
a cupful of milk, or half milk and half
water let it boil, season, and add a
teaspoonful of corn-starch blended
in cold milk mix smooth to tho consist
ency of cream, pour over the pork, and
Scrapple is another delicious dish that
deserves to be more widely known, for,
while head-cheese is to be found' in any
pork market, scrapple is seldom seen
outside of Philadelphia and South Jer
sey.—Oood HousclteciHna.
Hint* to Housekeeper*,
FOB stains on tho hands nothing is
better than salt, with enough lemon
juicc to moisten it, rubbed on the spot
and then rinsed off with clean water.
CHLORIDE OF LIME is an infallible pre
ventive for rats, as they ilee from its
odor as from a pestilence. It should be
thrown down their holes and spread
about wherever they are likely to come,
and should be used once a fortnight.
FOB biliousness the juice of a lime or
small lemon into half a glass of cold wa
ter, stir in a little baking soda drink
while it foams. To be taken when rising
in the morning. This will also relieve
the sick headache, if taken in the begin
SALMON or other canned goods should
not be allowed to remain in the can in
hot weather after they have been
opened. A prominent dealer says that
he never knew bad results to occur from
sound stuff when the contents of cans
wcro at once transferred to earthen ves
NEWSPAPERS are the best thing for
cleaning lamp chimneys. Put the least
bit of kerosene on a piece when filling
the lamps then rub the chimneys until
they shine. It is more easily and quickly
done than washing them in soap suds,
they look as well, and are much less li
able to crack.
Telephone for Farmers.
To make a good and serviceable tele
phone, good from one farm house to an
other, oiily requires enohgh wire and two
cigar boxes. First select your boxes and
make a bole about an inch in diameter
in the center of the bottom of each, and
then place one in each of the houses you
wish to connect then get five pounds of
common iron stove-pipe wire, make a
loop in one end and put it through the
hole in yonr cigar box and fasten it with
a nail, then drhw it tight to the other
stout cord, '. You can easily run your line
into,the house by boring a holo through
the glass. Support your BOXES at the
ends with slats nailed actoss thiTwindow,
and your telephone is complete. The
writer has one that is 200 yardsjong and
cost 45 cents, that .will carry music when
the organ is played thirty feet away in
another room.' &
For Caked Udder.
Take.one-half pint.of aqua ammonia,
one pint of soft water, one or two tea
spoon's spirits of turpentine, one and one
half teaspoons of fluid extract of bella
donna, one one-half teaspoons of fluid
extract of hyptolacca, one and one-half
teaspoons of saturated tincture Of cam
phor. Shake well and apply with all
the elbow-grease and patience you can
muster. Take about a teaspoon at a
time in the hollow of the hand, and
gently, but with sufficient pressure, rub
it into the skin of the udder until the
latter gets dry and quite hot support
yourself by putting the other hand, with
ail occasional patting, across Che patient's
spine. After having treated both sides,
in front and rear (the latter as high up
as ,the udder reaches) two doses of lini
ment, get down under your cow and
gently commence kneading the bag, tak
ing the whole and afterwards part6f
the udder between the open hands, roll-,
ing the former till the formed lumps are
crushed, and Occasionally milking bag
'empty. Stop use of liniment as soon as
coagulation disappears, but keep rub
bing and milk often. By all means avoid
graining, feed hay only very sparingly,
give plenty of water, and keep the. ani
mal from getting cold.—Jerseu Bulletin.
Boya Stay on the Farm.
The disposition of so many young men
to leave the farm and go to the cities is
not creditable to their intelligence, for
every city in the country is overcrowded
with this class of helpless young men
they grow up on the farm with no idea
of the trials and temptation that beset
their class in the large cities. They
think they can live in the cities without
toil and drudgery that
say is a part
of farm life. There
are many
Home and Farm.
Shelter* for Sheep.
Shelter from fall, winter and spring
storms, is of the utmost importance.
The flock during these portions of the
year, is carrying quite heavy coats,
which, when once soaked with water,
take a long time to dry out, during which
time the animal must suffer much dis
If you doubt this, step out Into one of
these storms, get a good wotting, and re
main outsfae until dry.
Strong, cold winds of these seasons,
also are very uncomfortable for the flock
as well as for their owner.
To avoid tne losses coming from ex
posure to such storms, substantial plain
shelters will pay large interest on the
money invested in them. They may be
built of poles and straw, boards, stone or
brick but of whatever material, there
are a few points the flock-master must
keep in view in their construction. They
must be on sufficient high ground so that
the flock will be always dry under foot,
and so roofed as to always insure dryness
on the back. Ventilated, so as to be free
from all foul air and from all drafts,
with plenty Of light and never too warm.
There is not much fear of cold injuring
the flock if they can be kept dry and pro
tected from wind.
A frame structure is probably tbe best
and cheapest in most localities. We have
found a stone basement eight to nino
feet high, built above tho ground, with a
number of windows and wide doors that
can be kept open in pleasant .weather, to
be very good especially when our lambs
were being dropped in early spring, be
fore the cold weather is past. The great
danger in the stone basement is in keep
ing the flock too arm, which is much
more liable to injure them than cold.
Overcrowding, in the shed should, be
k- V*:- 'r
Live Stock Note*.
HAVE the team well shod, or not at
ALWAYS breed from a stallion that
will improve your stock.
HARD work is not so apt to injure a
horse as the failure to receive proper at
tention after the work.
THE colt raised in a stall or close lot is
apt to be more awkward and soft than
one given plenty of room.
IF there are burrs in your corn field or
pasture it won't pay to turn the sheep in
there to pick. It will pick the price of
the wool ut shearing time.
THE three leading beef breeds are
summed up by a good judge and careful
feeder of cattle in this way: "Polled
Angus and Shorthorns are fine, but for
gain on grass the Hereford leads."
in the pasture, fence them strongly have
good posts well set and good boards or
wires well stretched. If the wells are of
use no longer, fill them up that is by far
the safer plan. Even the loss of a calf
is more than the worth of time to make
these places safe.
A SUCCESSFUL feeder of steers, when
coming from the Illinois State Fair, held
last Octobcr, remarked, "Judging from
the class of stock of all breeds shown at
Peoria there should be somo
box, supporting It, when necessary, witi) in this section of the country, and there ter appearance than when broken.
4* M. •WhllMjUMI.
"(V ,»
ways of
living in a city, but there is but one way,
and that has as^many trials and bard
ships as earning one's living on tho farm,
and that is to earn it honestly.
A young man without a trade will find
he has to work harder to
make both ends
meet in the city than on the farm. The
young man who thinks the -world owes
him a living, and expects to find it In the
cities without labor, will be sadly disap
pointed. It^must be admitted that trade
tries character more severely than any
other pursuit in life, and puts to the
severest tests honesty, self-denial, jus
tice, and truthfulness, and many young
men of business who pass through such
trials unstained, are perhaps worthy of
as gi'eat honor as soldiers who have
proved their courage amidst the lire and
peril of battle. We once read of a mer
chant, who on his death bed, divided his
hard earnings between his sons, saying,
"it is little enough boys, but there is not
a dirty shilling in it."
Washington and Jefferson were farm
ers, and two greater statesmen never
lived. Cicero was a great admirerof the
farmer. He declared that the rearing
and feeding of stock was the most im
portant part of agriculture. Washing
ton's and Jefferson's experience corrobo
rates the same facts. Labor is the best
test of the energies of men, and furnish
AN admirable training for practical wis
dom for industry, wisely, and vigorously
applied, never fails or success, as it
carries a man onward and upward, and
powerfully stimulates actions of others,
.- ..
is." Good steers follow in the wake
good 6ires. Grade up vour stocky by tho
use of good bulls.—Ftirm,
In several localities observations have
been made of orchards in which poultry
have been yarded, arid tho conclusion is
that fruit-growing and poultny-raisins
are joint occupations. A cherry tree in
a poultry-yard that has yielded no fruit
for years,^"the American Poultry Jounud
says,, was this season literally loaded
down with fruit, and of such quality and
freedom from injury as to surprise the
owner. No insects seemed to have ap
peared, and the tree also gave signs of
renewed vigor and health. Nor is this
applicable to cherry trees alone, but to
other kinds of fruit. The fowls did not
roam over extended areas, but were kept
in a yard of limited dimensions, which
compelled them to busy themselves in
the earth near the tree, their presence
apparently preventing the depredations
of insects.. But how the fowls managed
to keep off the insects that fly from
point to point can only be accounted for
by supposing that instinct prompts the
parents not to deposit eggs on trees that
are within the limits of danger. The
visits of inseets are for the purpose fit
propagation, and natnre has ordairfed
that they use eaution in order to protect
their young, which often descend to 'the
earth. This is a theory, but it is,a fact
that poultry are a protection to orchards,
whatever the cause.
Feeding sheila for lime*
As the hens will not eat oyster shells
when ground as fine as meal, and prefer
the large, coarse pieces, it is doubtful,
says an exchange, if oyster shells assist
in supplying lime for the egg shells, and
are rather eaten because of being sharp
and assisting to grind their food in the
gizzard. Oyster shells are as insoluble
as limestone, or any other Carbonate of
lime,'and cannot therefore be utilized as
food, If lime is to be given to fowls it
can best be done in the drinking water,
as the freshly burned lime (hydrate,
when slaked) is the best form for the
Tbe lime of the egg shell can bit se
cured from the food very easily if the
hens are supplied with plenty of grass
and a variety of food. The grains are
deficient in lime, and when the hens are
confined and fe'd entirely on grain, the
eggs will have soft shells, no matter how
well the hens may be supplied with
pounded oyster shells. In some sections
of the country, oyster shells are seldom
seen, yet there is no difficulty in regard
to Che hardness of the egg shells. The
oyster shells promote digestion, by as
sisting to grind the food, and in that
respect are very serviceable, and aid in
promoting the secretion of lime for the
shells of the eggs.—Farm, Field and
Points for Beginners.
Do not take too much honey from your
bees. Remember that it is their surplus
that you should take and nothing else.
When you open a hive of bees, if you
see any robbec-bees flying about, you
may be sure there is. no Jioncy in the
fields, and you must avoid leaving the
hives open, or exposing honey in their
A robber-bee is easily recognized by its
quick motions and sneaking ways.
All bees become robbers, if tempted
with exposed sweets in times ef scareity.
Decrease the size of the entrance of
your hives when the honey crop is over,
but be sure and have it very large dur
ing the honey crop.
Bees will not work on fruit juice wheB
there is honey in the fields, and they can
not hurt sound fruit at any time. If any
of yon doubt this statement, put a bunch
of sound grapes or a sound peach in a
hive of bees, and note the result twenty
four hours afterwards. -It is birds and
hornets that damage sound fri^t beds
only gather the lost juices.
In seasons of,scarcity your bees should
be fed. You will have such a season once
in ten, and the busy little things will re
pay you fully the following xpar.
Honey-dew and fruit-juice are bad
winter food, and should be extracted
from the combs. When ^rou have to feed,
if you cannot get good honey, use good
sugar syrnp.
If bees have to be fed for winter, the
food should be given them all before the
opening of cold weather.
Do not watch for bee-moths, but keep
your colonies strong aud healthy, and
they will take care of the moths.
A good bee-smoker and a bee veil are
indispensable to an apiarist. Some peo
ple do not use veils, but they occasionally
get stung on the face, and this is not
very pleasant.
Smoke the bees at the entrance a little
before opening a hive.
Do not handle your bees early or late,
or in tho night. On the contrary, select
the warmest part of the day, as the old
bees are then in the field.
When you are stung, do not lose a
second, but scrape the sting off. Do not
pinch it off, as you are more than likely
to drive more poison into the wound. A
sting instantly removed gives but little
pain comparatively.
There is more profit with less labor in
300 hives of bees than in 160 acres of
land, but you should know what to do
and do it in time.
There are about 5,000 bees in a pound.
A gallon of honey weighs eleven to
twelve pounds, according to its density.
—Langstroth on the Honey-Bee.
Steamed Pudding.
Two eggs, one cup of sugar, one cup
of sour milk, one teaspoonful of soda
one-half teaspoonful of salt add flour to
make a stiff batter, one cup of currants
or raisins. Steam in a buttered pudding
dish 114 hours.
Celery Soap.
Wash and cut into small pieces celery
in sufficient quantity blanch it, and
then boil it with water, salt and nutmeg
pass it through a sieve, and thin it with
meat or chicken broth cream can be
Nice Itousbnutii.
.... __ One egg, one cup of sugar, a large ciip
BE sure there are no pitfalls for the I
stock to get into. If you have open wells
two teaspoonfuls cream tartaji little
salt and ginger. Flour sufficient to mold
and roll out Fry in hot lard.
.'" Scrambled Eggs.
Break six eggs into a bowl and season
with salt and pepper. Ponrintoa heated
skillet containing one tablespoonful of
melted butter and as the eggs cook,
turn them up constantly from the bot
tom. Serve when slight.ly dried. The
eggs should never be stirred, only the
good steers yolks broken, as they will present a bet*
:j&njb M'/••W.
Field and.
Poultry In Orchards.
Alliance Is Working For*
Both Ule Old Parlies Scheming to Se
cure tho support of the New Assoela-
fOcula (Fla.) dlspatch.l
There have been some mighty lively
political manipulations during tbe meet
ing of the Farmers' Alliance, and the
determined attack on Dr. Macune, which
was settled by a withdrawal of all ttm
charges against that gentleman and ffc
presentation to him and Col. Polk by the
convention of gold-headed canes, har
been the means of bringing tolightthe
work of the manipulators. If the fr~"
ers thought the Democratic or Ke,
lican managers were asleep theyy
mistaken, and are gradually awjki
to that fact. Shrewd men, both
and outside the organizations, hav&men
hero and have put in strong licks for
their parties.
Colonel Humphrey, the head of the
negro Alliance, is a remarkable man. He
is a white man, and the only one in the
organization. He was formerly a Bap
tist preacher in Texas, where his home
still is, and ho devoted many years to
missionary work among the colored
people When tho negro Alliance move
ment was begun, two or three years ago,
tho members insisted on his taking
charge of it and remaining at its head.
He has the unbounded confidence of
every man in it. They look upon him as
a fathor, aud his control over them, is
absolute. Probably no man In Ameifsa
stands in such close relations with"
negro race and is so well posted ahi
thoir condition and sentiments. He sj
From the inception of the Alliance mo'
raent among the negroes they have been
favor of a new political party. In the li
election the negroes of the South did not
vote o.vcept in South Carolina, where they
regarded the Tillman campaign as a third
party movement. The Alliance could not
have won that fight without the negro vote.
Seven-eighths of the colored people of the
South make their living by agriculture,
mid their Interests are in every way Identl-.
cal with those of the Farmers' Alliance.'
Just now wo are merely waiting for the
crystallization of tho third party move-'
inent. As anon as the Alliance acts we
shall be ready to join them in Independent
political afilon.
Our Alliance now has organisations In1
thirty-six States, and twenty-two will bo
represented at this convention. Our. mem-'
borship in the principal Southern States is
about (or wili be hereafter) as follows:
Alabama, 100,000 Georgia, 84,000 South
Carolina, 90,000 Mississippi, 1)0,000 Texas,.
90,000 Arkansas, 20,000 Louisiana, 50,000
Virginia, 50,000 Kentucky, 25,000 Ten-'
nessoe, 40,000 North Carolina, 55,000.
President Humphrey's annual address,
delivered at the opening of the conven
tion, is really of more significance than
that of President Pcllc's of yesterday to
tho whites, He described the growth ofa
tbe colored Alliance during the
«r What the Farmer*'
saying that it had been increased by7
addition of many smaller and we®
organizations of colored people, am
that further progress in the same direc-1
tion is anticipated in the immediate
future, and justifying the independent
political action of the colored Alliance,
he said:
You saw yourselves and your families
being reduced to poverty. You saw debt
and mortgage accumulating and piling up
against you. Unable to clothe and' feed! ,•
your families, a return to abject slavery' 3
seemed to you Inevitable. But the day hlai»
dawned. You can now realize that the
millions of broad acres your Government
has given to a few men were taken from
you, and that the. billions of dollars wrung
from you by unjust and cruel taxation for
the enrichment of your fellow citizens hav*
impoverished you and your families.
At the request of thousands of the best
and most influential colored people' of the.
oountry. both within and outside tbe Al
liance, it becomes ray duty to call your at
tention to the necessity that exists for ln-i
dependence in political action. During this
year no less than five representative bodies
of colored men, assembled in Chicago,.
Washington, Raleigh, Richmond, and Phila
delphia, have declared their dissatisfac-*
tion and unafflliatlon with the existing
political parties. None of these great con
ventions have appeared willing to formn
late a platform that they considered wi|il
be satisfactory to their race. It rei
therefore, that you should give
earnest attention to the all-absorbing,^
tion, and if by a spirit of mutual COL
promise and conciliation, you may be abll
tot secure such a pledge from the great?
labor organizations now represented in this
city as will warrant reciprocal and hearty,
consideration and co-operation, doubtless
great good will result to both the white and'
colored races. ..
Those who hope to equalize the burdens
of taxation, to relieve the depression of ag
riculture, and to restore the Government to
the service of the pe jple must join together
and stick together, and they must have a
name as well as a platform of principles)
distinctly their own. To this name andi
platform they must invite their fellow-citi
zens of the United States as a refuge and a!
fortress. In tho recent election the lnflu-j
ence of the Alliance was felt, and every
man realized what tremendous power it
destined In the near future to exert. Butt
it must be remembered that in this case tho
Alliance was fettered by party names which
it could not bear, and in many of the States
tho members refused to vote. In Texas,
Mississippi, and other States the elections
went rather by default than otherwise. The
people were not satisfied with the standard-.
bearers, and rather than be considered Dem
ocrats or Republicans they remained at
homes and refused to take any part In
electing men in whom they could feel no
God has given this earth in usufruct to
all the living. Men have as much right to
monopolize the air. we breathe and the sun
shine that warms us as the land that by
Gods ordination feeds our families. I take
this occasion distinctly to affirm that land
Is not property, never can be property. A
roan may live on it and his improvements
are his. The land belongs to the sovereigi
people. In view of these indisputable
truths wo recommend to our people the
principle of the Single' Tax party. If the
land carried all the taxes necessary to sup
port the Government it would not be held
by speculators as it is now, and would soon.
become abundant and cheap. There are S
already millions of our people, both colored,
and white, who favor this single-tax plank,.
and we recommend it to you, as its enact
ment into law would place homes within
reach of all the people. ..."
THE most ancient mode of writing wi&
onbneks, tiles and oyster shells and on
tables of stone afterward on plates of
various materials, on ivory, on barks of
trees, on leaves of trees.
THE speech of Claudius, engraved on
plates of bronze, is yet preserved in the.
lown Hall of Lyons, France. It was
discovered in 1528 on tho heights of St.
Sebastian above tho town.
THE pumiccstone was a writing ma
terial of the ancients 'thev used it to
smooth tho roughness of tho parchment
or to sharpen their r.^Ha
SOME one
with a fondness for statistics
has discovered that the average man
drinks 175 hogsheads of liquids during
the course of his lifetime.

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