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VOL. I. NUMBER 31.
WM'fk- a* a.'" %w & NO CHOICE HI PIERRE, The Legislature in Joint Session Yesterday, Takes a Ballot For a United States Senator. Very Little Business Transacted in Either Branch This Week~lndenendent Contestants, Victorious. AT THE STATE CAPITAL. The two houses of the legislature met in joint session at noon yesterday and took one ballot for a United States senator with the following result: Moody, 76 Tripp, 24 Harden, 20 Wardall, 10 Grose, 15 and the rest scat tering. PIERRE, Jan. 20— Special Correspon dence: This has been a most exciting week in. the legislature and the equani mity of the week before was more than made up before it was half over. The contested cases from Brown county have taken up most of the time of the lower house. The republicans tried by every means within their power to defer action on these cases until after the election of a senator had been disposed of and in their they have even gone so far as to vte^HL'rfi against the progress of the cases. At least one member of the house has been threatened violence and is being kept under constant guard by the re publicans in order to prevent him from overstepping what appears to outsiders to be a mysterious proceeding. That manis Ezekiel Reece, of Charles Mix county. That gentleman's movements, both on the floor of the house and outside, have been of such a character as to cre ate the intense supicion of all his fellow members. He has voted with the re publicans on nearly every question that has yet come before the house although he was elected on a strong anti republic, an platform, and when his friends came to interview him on the strange manner of his proceeding, a few days ago, the re publican bosses who were evidently de' tailed to stand guard over him, prevented thenSBS^e him and they were obliged to go hoT^e disapointed after repeated at tempts to secure an interview with their represenative. This and similar mys teries connected with one or two other gentlemen have contributed much toward the agitation which has predominated. THE CONTESTED CASES came up in committee of the whole on Tuesday. The independents moved to the approval of the majority reports of the elections committse, which recom mended the unseating of the two repub licans from Brown county. As soon as this motion was made, pandi monium broke loose. The republicans as if by preconcerted action, jumped to their feet, some to make motions, and others merely to swell the din. The chairman lost control of the house and amid the tu mult, a motion that the committee rise finally prevailed. On Wednesday morn ing the house again resolved itself into committee of the whole on the contested cases, but this time the speaker called Mr. Converse to' preside. The republi cans again attempted the disgraceful proceedings of the day before but they soon fou^gytliat this time they could not bullrlo^JBjfchairman of the committee arid Th^^ere forced to abandon their tactics. The Brown county cases are all that have been disposed of in the house at this writing. All have been favorable to the independents, and they now have a safe working majority in the house that is, ot course, if the democrats continue their past loyalty. Contrary to the claims of the opposition, the inpependent members voted against J. M. Pease contestant to the scat in the. senate from Davidson county, a fact which goes to show that the independents propose to be governed by the testimony produced in these cases regardless of party likes o: dislikes. A CART LOAD OF BILLS. At this writing something over 150 bills have been introduced, covering all the. important questions at issue, but none of them have been acted uponjn the house and only a few in the senate. The fact of the matter is thai there is little ij any hope of accomplishing anything in either branch before the senatorial con contest is out of the way. MUCH THE SAME. The sitiflEn in connection with the senatorial (contest is pretty much the same as it was a weekago all the candi dates are still confident of success and all that can be positively said at this writ ing, is that as' only one of the many can be chosen there will be no one left with out plenty of company in the defeat. Your correspondent has it from parties who stand very close to Senator Moody and who ought to be well posted on the matter that the republicans fully realize that they cannot elect Moody and that they would like to drop him to take up a more popular candidate, but Moody is unwilling to let go. Although it is now positively know that a number of promi nent republicans will not support him, the indications are that the Moody bull dozers will stick to their man until the last dog is hung. The talk is that if Moody can be induced to withdraw at any time Pickler will be their choice. As to the democrats, they still believe that Moody's shoes will fit Tripp and they will stay by him till they see that there is no hope for him, and then it is expected they will come over to the independents, who are as usual solid for Wardall. His stock is now far above par and still going up. SARTOR RESARTUS. "A FARMER'S" IDEA VINDICATED. A Highwland Township Alliance Man Gives His Views Upon Points of Pnblio Interest. EDITOR LEADER: In your paper of the eighth, I meet with some curious ideas as coming from supposed tried and true Alliance men. Under the heading of •'What The People Say," M. J. says, to loan money on landed securities would make money too cheap. My answer to this objection would be that the time has come when we need cheap money. We farmers have been echoing the Schylock cry of "Dear Money" too long now and if M. J. has not yet discovered this fact he will before he dies of old age, for I ap prehend that he is a man who devotes considerable time to study into the issues of the day. Men like him ought not to have any objections to the cheapness of money for he needs it as much as any of us. I believe if money were cheap in stead of dear at this time, M. J. would have been able, ere this, to pay for the farm he bought about three years ago. Under the same heading, H. B. says he is opposed to starting an Alliance store for it would be building up a monopoly. Now, Hans, if three or four hundred farmers join together and take a ten or twenty dollar share in such an institu tion, hire a manager and start the busi ness, and if thereby they can purchase of manufacturers or wholesalers their goods 25 to 30 per cent cheaper than they can buy them of home dealers, are they obliged to ask leave of anyone before act ing? I would like to know where the monopoly part comes in. Sir our main principle in the Alliance is to better our financial, social and political condition and now where does starting a store con flict with these principles? We who are advocating this movement, have asked the home dealers to give us reasonable figures on our bills of goods when bought in quantity, but the most of them have refused to do so and the rest will not an swer our questions at all. This shows conclusively that these fellows want all the profit of our toil, except a bare living and a toil worn carcass. In my opinion, they ought to be satisfied, in these times with the same margine of profit that the farmer makes on his investment. In conclusion, I want to say amen to "A Farmer's" article and I heartily en dorse his plaD of action. Yes, I would go still further, and recommend the starting of a toilers' loan and trust com pany or association of some kind, where farmers and laborers could deposit their spare earnings to be loaned out to the less fortunate ones at a low rate of in terest aud thereby assisting them to shake off at least one leach, and to keep their heads.above water long enough to enable them to get on dry land. Let all of us pull and push with a royal will, and a just share of the workman's profits will be left where they belong. Attend to your duty, friends, and al though sometimes it seemes beyond all hope, we will get our rights yet. Respectfully, O. J. BYRE. KB. WOODLEY PR0TE8T8- He Says that Hone But Cranks and Democrats Op opose his Appointment as Postmaster. MAFLE GROVE, Jan. 17.—EDITOR LEADER: I ask. for a little space in your paper to answer an article which appear ed in the last issue, over the title of "A Post Office War." The correspondent seems to convey the delusive idea that I was terrible anxious to get the office, while in truth when I got the information of my appointment, I did not think it would pay me to bother with it. But since I was inform ed of what is probably true, that there has been a petition circulated and signed by a lot of cranks and democrats, pro testing against my appointment, I have resolved to see the matter through at all hazards. The Correspondent claims that the remonstrance sent in by my oppo nents contains the signatures of 62 pat rons of the office a statement which I do not wish to dispute but I am reliably informed that a large number of these signers are children, who did not under stand the meaning of the document they signed much less of my qualifications to conduct the affairs of the office. I chal lenge any one of those who signed the petition remonstrating against my ap pointment on the ground of incompetency to step in and do the business of the of fice better than I will do it, especially the A Faithful LEADER in the Cause of Economy and Reform, the Defender of Truth and Justice, the Foe of Fiaud and Corruption. CANTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 22, 1891. party who drew up the petition. All. I wish to say to my opponents in this mat ter is that if I am incompetent to attend to the duties of the office in proper shap, I will never call on any of their assist ance, so they need not lose any sleep on that score. Now as far as the third party matter is concerned I wish to say that Mr. Turner is himself a third party man and been ever since the movement was inaugurated. Moreover, I was tendered the office at the time Mr. Turner was ap pointed, but declined. Now, I see clearly that all that hurts these fellows who oppose me in this thing is that I have not consulted them before taking steps to procure the office. Had I taken a petition and run over this neigh borhood and asked these cranks what they thought about the matter, I believe it would have been all right with them. Respectfully, JERRY WOODLEY. STATE AND INTER-STATE. The stockholders of the South Dakota Ekko, the state Scandinavian paper print ed at Brookings, have landed in a bisa greement over the question of moving the paper to Sioux Falls, and the states courts will be called in to settle the diffi culty. Rreport ststes that the disruption arose over political grounds, the faction favoring the removal of the plant to Sious Falls being friends of Senators Pet tigrew and Moody, while those opposed are rank enemies of the senators. Dr. P. C. Bissell, who was charged with the crime of administering a dose of mor phine to Ben. Shaffer, of Spring Valley on Dec. 6, while the latter was in intox icated condition and from the effects of which he died, was acquitted of the charge by the jury in his case at Sioux Falls last Thursday. The two year old daughter of Joseph Patterson, of Highmore, died Thursday of the effect of poison taken in the form of strychnine pills, left where the child found them and before medical aid could be summoned the little one expired The board of directors of the State fair association met at Sioux Falls last week, and elected officers and superintendents for the next annual fair which will be held in Sioux Falls on the 21, 22, 23, 24 25, of September. The officers elected were R. B. Coddington, of Blunt. Presi dent C. L. Downsy, of Sioux Falls, sec eretary C. H. Barrett, of Vermillion, treasurer. The city of Sioux Falls do nated ten thousand dollars in land to the association to get the fair this year. It is reported from Chicago that the pospecls for a combine in the barb wire business, is good. It is learned from reliable authority that a large corporation is to be formed to be known as the Col umbian Wire company which has already opened books in the city of Chicago and substantially all the barbed wire manufacturers in the country have sub scribed to the capital stock. The new company will control all of the patents, contracts, eto., and will, if successful establish anew scale of prices. The faculty of the state University at Vermillion, is evidently alive to the social and political agitation of the day. Presi dent Grose discusses some new movement of congress at the college chapel every morning and the daily papers and maga zines ou all the variousi phases of the questions under consideration are most dilligently reviewed on these subjects. The Legislature of Oregon on Tuesday reelected Senator Mitchell to the United States senate to succeed himself. Senator Stanford, of California, has also been given another lease of the seat which he has held in the senate and that gentle man will now have an opportunity to ex ercise his strength on the virtues of his loan bill to the fullest extent. .. J. J. Patton, who has been book keeper at the state peniteniary, at Sioux Falls since the institution was started, has turned up missing. The worse part of the matter is that about a thousand dollars of the funds belonging to the state has gone with him. Nobody seems to know exactly how much he embezzeled by pocketing checks drawn by himself and signed by the warden for the pay ment of bills and supplies, but which were never sent to the payees, but from a confession made to outside parties by Patton before his flight, it is estimated that the total of the defalcation will not fall far short of two thousand five hundred. Warden Kanouse is responsi ble for the loss to the state. Patton is believed to have gone to Canada. His father is a prominent judge in the city of Detroit, Mich. Sioux Falls whiskey, cards and bad women had a hand in the young man's downfall. Beresford has taken steps to start a beet sugar factory. A stock company is to be organized and a committee has gone to Nebraska to make inquiry into the business as it is carried on in that state. This is the first move-made in this state to promote the manufacture of beet sugar. THE FIFTY-FIRST CONGRESS. The News From the National Capital as it Effects the Interests of the West ern Farmer. The Senate Passes a Free Coinage Bill— Sensational Revelations Expect in the House. A FREE COINAGE BILL. WASHINGTON, Jan. 19—Special Cor respondence: The event of the week in congress was the passage of a pure and uncompromising free coinage bill, on Thursday: afternoon. The fact when an nounced siras a surprise to everyone in terested j| legislative matters in Wash ington, more particularly owing to the manner ijjuwhich it was brought about. The senlpl had been considering the re publica^Bnance bill, which is practical ly the btgE introduced by Senator Far well, of Illinois, to purpetuate the nation banks aigl t° refund the national debt of as. Just before the vote on this fjigifwas to be taken, though after free coinage amendments a numbe had pas moved a purely^ provides the doihj 412* gra grains, metals Though SJ senate, tH vote of 38 the Farw sion is cc® goes toj Senator Vest, of Missouri, substitute for the entire bill coinage measure, which at the unite of value shall be ,to be coined of standard silver, or of standard gold, 25 8 10 ,d that the coinage of both .11 be free and unlimited, mingly a great surprise to the Vest substitute passed by a to 27. This practically kills ill finance bill so far as this ses' icerned, and the silver bill jhe house to meet its fate there, aids of silver in the senate have Bed of treachery in connection The fig been accl with the feee coinage bill. Senator Tel ler and otaers declar upon their honor that the charges profered against Senator Stanford, Said to have been intrumental in forming a combine with the democrats to secure the passage of the free coinage substitute are entirely untrue, and that if any further proof is needed it would be forthcoming. The rejMblican leaders are determined that the ntesent shall be a continuous night and day session of the senate until the elections bill shall have been voted upon, pr tjie fact shall have been made plain tittit it is impossible to thus force vote upon it. There is now no division in the republican ranks and if all of the absent republican senator will re turn at once, it is generally believed that the bill can be brought to a vote and passed this week, although the demo crats have one advantage in the contest of endurance—they can divide their men into squads while the republicans are compelled to remain on the floor, or at least within reach, in order to show quorum when the democrats make a mo tion calling for a vote. The free coinage bill is now in the hands of the house committee on coinage, weights and measures, and is not likely to be reported to the house before next week, and in its present shape it is hardly possible to be reported at all, although, of course the present bill will be offered as an amendment by the free coinage men to any modified bill that the committee may report. It may be well in this con nection to state that there is no founda tion for the statement purporting to tell what action Speaker Reed will take, re grading the bill. Mr. Reed has not told any newspaper man what he proposes boing on the con trary he has positively declined to answer any and all questions on the subject, While the friends of the silver dollar are much eleated over the free coinage in the senate', no one believes that the bill, in its present from, will even if it should pass the house, not receive the approval of the president. Mr. Haraison's recent mes sage to congress was too pronounced on this subject to expect any favors from him and there is practically no hope of fairness toward the white metal as long as Benjamin Harrison occupies the white house. If the first session of the house commit tee engaged in investigating the alleged silver pool, stands for anything, some sensational testimony may be expected from that direction in a few days. A number of names, including those of senators, representatives and outsiders, have been given to the committee aDd they, are to be summoned to testify. The committe will hold its next session on Wednesday of this week. A big delegation of Sioux Indians is expected here this week, the president having given them permission to come and present their grievances to him per sonally. PAUL HARPER. WORLD'S PAIS. Plans for Sccnring a Creditable Exhibit of South Dakota's Resources. South Dakota must be represented creditably at the Columbian exposition or World's fair, to be held in Chicago in 1893. It is regarded as impracticable for the state to assume the burden of provid ing and arranging such an exhibit. The work must be done by the citizens of the commonwealth. Several plans therefor have been proposed. A discussion of them, by representives from all parts of the state, would quite certainly result in arrangements which would enable a creditable and worthy display to be made. At a meeting held in Sioux Falls, Jan uary 14, by representatives of the state board of agriculture, the Fine Stock Breeder's association and the State Dairv association, it was decided to call a mass meeting to be held at Pierre on Wednes day, February 4, to include representa tives of the associations named above, also of the State Horticultural society, the Poultry and Pet Stock association, the State Farmers Alliance and similar organizations, the State Bankers' associa tion, the State Educational association, all mining and manufacturing interests, distiicts and agricultural societies, to gether with the boards of trade or" other commercial organizations of the dif ferent cities of the state, and also repre sentatives of the several cities and towns having no such organizations, and of the different counties, and of all clases and interests which are willing to take part in the work of helping to formulate some plan by which South Dakota may secure such an exhibit of her resources at the Columbian exposition as shall let the world know her advantages and develop ment. In pursuance of the action taken by the societies named a cordial invita tion is extended to the representatives in dicated above to meet at Pierre on Feb ruary 4, and participate in the proceed ings of the meeting called to be held there on that date for the purposes speci fied. State papers please copy and comment. By order of State Board of Agriculture. C. L. DOWNEY, R. B. CODDINGTON, Secretary. President'. HINTON OH MONEY. The Popular Reform Writer Produces a Remarkable Article on the Bnbjeot Now, we're going to brush the cobwebs from the throat of time, analyze the human heart, and expose to mortal view the tyrany and idolatry of ages. Do you hear me Dr. Jenkins? Blow a little louder, Harry Hinton, I'm deaf in one ear. Be-itfknown unto thee,. Tr -Tor)l.-ina that in the year 1890, and with one half of the world naming Jehova Jerchas the only true and living God, that this half of the world still holds out unto the most damaging traits of ancient idolatry. Should you deny that weak minded men and women still bow their knee before the images of the saintly and heroic dead, and erect lofty statues to the bloody lead ers in war, I will point you to millions who bow in meek reverence to the Per sian God of the sun imaged in the gold, and the Grecian goddess Diana imaged in the silver and the moon, while the love-sick swain sings to his idol: "And the full or red moon I see, love, Peep through the clouds silvery white." Silver and gold, silver and gold. The poor man's god aud the rich man's soul, Pay as you take, pay as you bring, "You've got a new master, you've got a new king." Hurrah, for you! Stop sentiment and give us facts and logic. You promised to give us your ideas on money. All right, Doctor, money is the yard stick of value not necessarily having any value in itself, adopted by national con sent or decree. Anything is money made so by law, Harry Hinton and the hav ing of intrinsic value is not one of the necessary qualities of money. Certainly not, Doctor, stop the use of gold as money throughout the world and the quantity in a dollar would not be worth ten cents, for its only value would depend on its limited utility in the arts. Well, then, Harry Hinton, if gold and silver are comparatively worthless metals in themselves, tell us why they were adopted as measures of value. Take away, Doctor, the idolatry of the ancients, we'll mention their qualities which made them the most fitting: First, scarcity second, indestructibility third labor in producing labor being the source of all value, labor is the inherent quality of all measures of value, and all other qualities are merely incidental. That brings the question down to a focus, Harry Hinton, that labor is the measure of all value. The question now remains, and it is the only question which is the best representative or meas ure of labor? The answer comes up nat urally and spontaniously, the immediate products of labor. That is true, Doctor but we need some thing light and easily transported hence the yard stick, money. This is not only the measure of value, but the proxy. Gold has been adopted all over the world the measure and proxy of labor's value, silver in a greater portion the world, and paper money localized in the nations. Then we have it. Harry Hinton money is the measure and substitute of value or labor. How many different kinds have we in use in the United States? We have three different kinds of specie (Continued on Page Four.) $1.00 PER ANNUM. THE COUNTY LEGISLATURE. Full Report of Their Proceedings at: the Last An nual Meeting. COMMISSIONER'S PROCEEDINGS. The board of county commissioners of Lincoln county met at the auditor's of fice in regular session, on Monday the 5th day of January, A. D. 1891. pursuant to statute in published notice. Called to order by Chairman Lewis. William H. Miller, Jr. then appeared and after taking the oath, as required by law took his place on the .board as one of members, James Lewis retiring there from. On motion Henry Kundert was elected chairman of the board for the ensuing year. The following resolution was then Resolved that the official bonds of the various county officers be fixed as follows: States attorney, $1,000. Superintendent of schools, $1,000. Sheriff, $5,000. Register of deeds, $5,000. Coroner, $2,000. County auditor, $2,000. Clerk of the courts, $3,000. County treasurer, $45,000. On motion the personal property tax of Helge Hanson for the year 1878, '79,' '81, '84, and '85, amounting to $39.27, and now charged up against the northwest quarter, section 1, township 97, range 51, were ordered stricken from the tax list according to affidavit, and request now on file was audited. The official bond of F. W. Rosenbaum as coroner with C. A. South and O. A. Rudolph, as sureties was then approved and ordered recorded and filled with auditor as required by law. The official bond of John Allibone with I. M. Macomber, B. C. Jacobs, C. B. Kennedy, Nathan Noble, C. E. Judd, Thos. Thorson, T. J. Fosdick, M. N. Smith, J. F. Ferguson, T. B. Quigley and W. W. Cooper, as sureties, was ap prove and'ordered recorded, and placed on file as required by law. The official bonds of Arthur R. Brown, as states attorney, with A. G. Steiner and 0. A. Rudolph, as sureties was approved. The official Bond of J. A. Fowles, county auditor, with J. E. Millet, James Lewis, E. Wendt and O. A. Rudolph, as sureties was approved. On motion adjourned. TUESDAY, JANUARY 0. -The following—Ki11" wi»r° for returning ballot box. Hans A. Skie, $1.40 A. T. Sundvold, $1.20 F. G. Huetson. $1.80 L. J. Jones, $1.50 W. W. Morse, $1.00 P. H. Fritts, $1.80 H. F. Benedict, 90c J.Delve, $1.30 A. S. Cornish, $2.10: H. F. Barnum, $1.40: L. Peterson. $2.50 H. Koch, $2.40 R. C. Engelcke, 2.80 O. Steensland, 60c. W. S. Booth, for blanks furnished, $2.95 H. H. West, for ink and stationery, $18,31 Perkins Bros. Co., for books, $34.35 Brown & Saenger, for books, 17.10 G. D. Barnard & Co, for books, blanks, $3.20 Egbert, Fiddler & Chand ler, for books, $52.50 Daymond & Stude backer, for druggists affidavits, $42.50 1. W. Goodner, for clerk of the supreme court cases in Chapman and Koller cases, $8.05: H. G. Gilbert, work at court house, $26.75 H. C. Hichborn, for mer chandise, $1.55. On motion the treasurer was instructed to redeem from tax sale the southwest quarter of the northwest quarter, of sec tion 34, township 97, range 48, for the reason that the same was wrongfully sold also to redeem from tax sale lots 11, 12, 13 and 14, block 30, village of Eden. The following named persons each filed affidavits asking to have dog tax abated C. Reynolds, Ellen Sullivan, H. Mallory, of Canton township Ole H. Lier, of Highland township Mons Leras, of Norway township and I. I. Taylor of the city of Canton, all of which were laid over with instructions that certificate of assessor must also be filed in each case. The justice report of J. P. Hawn, jus tice of peace of the city of Canton was examined and approved as follows: In the case of the state of South Dako ta, vs. G. E. Haugseth, $10 fine and all costs paid by defendent. On motion the auditor was instructed to make the proper entries on tho tax list of 1890, giving T. W. Smelker an ex emption for trees planted on the north- east quarter of the northeast quarter of section 24, township 97. range 51. for reasons set forth in affidavit. The affidavit of Wm. Paxton was laid over. The application of C. LaBarge for a statement of personal tax of 1889, was denied for the reason that said LaBarge listed his property for taxation in Lin coln county on the 8th day of April 188!). The affidavit of G. S. Millett, in regard to the double assessment of horses, owned by him was laid over until tax receipt is produced, showing said taxes paid in Iowa. A similar affidavit was made bv one (Continued on Page Eight.) Mm !MS' SI t'V 0 •ifpr ft: I 1 ii* B»