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CANTON, S. D. FARMERS' PUBLISHING CO.. Publishers S MEXICAN contractors are importing, thousands of Chinese laborers to work on railroads in course of construction in lhat land. 8 MAINE men do some strange things. !The owners of an unsuccessful "pants factory" are converting it into a maple syrup factory. !. BOLL. HEAD, who shot Sitting Bull, Is dead. Luckily there are no sc'alping fcnives or tomahawks in tLj happy hunting grounds. THE bachelor cokers at Scottdale are going to marry in order to secnre steady employment. They are sure to have it once they are married. THE big nations are recognizing Bra zil. Brazil recognized the United States by taking the constitution of this country as a.model. A TUSK seven feet long and a tooth weighing over seven pounds, supposed to been part of a mastodon, have been unearthed at Manson, Iowa. Two WOMEN in Philadelpha cracked 4 safe and stole $3,000. Women have thus invaded another line of industry heretofore exclusively held by men. IN two of the London clubs, where the chief butlers have been in office for forty years, all gold and silver change is washed before being given to the mem bers. THE production of metal aluminum by electrolysis at a cost of a little above that of tin is what some French chem ists are sanguine of being able to ac complish. "TBE RE is no foundation for the re port," says Mr. Laboucliere, "that Buckingham Palace and Marlborough House have been hired by an American millionaire." COLUMBIA COLLEGE has a landed es tate of about twenty acres in the best part of New York City, worth now $10, 000,000, and likely to double in value in the next decade. BY counting the Indians, the popu lation of the country is brought up to 63,000,000 and certainly we have a right to count them, considering how much they have cost us. ACCORDING to Chinese legend, the •virtues of tea were discovered by the mythical Emperor Chinung 2737 B. C., to whom all agricultural and mechani eal knowledge is traced. LORD WOLSELEY has stated before a parliamentary committee that if only 100,000 could be landed in any part of England he would not be able to pre vent their capturing London. URUGUAY has a healthy climate, __ snd, according to its tables of mortal ity for 1882, out of a total of 9,610 deaths, forty-five were of persons over One hundred years of age. Its death rate is only 16.510 per 1,000. S. F. HERRHEY says in a recent article: "Woman lives longer than man, goes insane less numerously, com mits suicide one-third as often, makes one-tenth the demand on the public purse for support in jail, prisons and alms-houses." REMARK by the Kansas City Star: *A Green County farmer who deeded all his property to his children is haul ing rails for a living. A father can sup port twelve children, but twelve chil dren sometimes find it difficult to sup port one father." OCT of nine hundred foreign mission aries at present in India it is said that the oldest is an American—Rev. John Newton, of thePresbyterian Church,the veteran missionary at Lahore, who, at the age of seventy-eight years, is still a worker In his chosen field. THIS country is reported to have 300 colleges and universities, against nine ty-four in Europe, but the latter are far higher in rank, have 1,723 more professors than over three times as many institutions here, and 41,814 more students than our 69,400. DUELING continues very frequent in Italy. During the last twelve months 2,759 duels were fought and fifty of the combatants succumbed. Some of the duelists were wounded several times in the same conflict, for 3,901 wounds were inflicted and over 1,000 of these were Herious. HERE is something to be thankful for: The Kio News says the coffee crop of Hayti this year is unusually large and that the generally good news from coffee producing countries this year promises to cause much lower prices for the next year or two. BISMARCK'S inseparable companions are two large Danish hounds. At din ner they eat beside their master, and he occasionally feeds them with his own hands. After dinner the Prince smokes three pipef ills of tobaccco, that being the amount allowed by the doctors. PIERRE owns a wooded island of 2,000 acres just below the city and will con vert it into a park. The young capital begins business with a proper spirit. Wise provision for the wants of a me tropolis will go a great way towards making a metropolis of the thriving town. HINDOO widow* still continue to attempt suttee, notwithstanding it is prohibited by law under severs penal ties. Only a short time since a rich widow was forcibly removed from a funeral pyre after she had been badly burned, in her desire to join her hus band in the next world. GENTLEMEN have been very lucky on the French race courses this year. M. Maurice Ephrussi won $85,000, Barons Alphonse and Gustave de Rothschild about $70,000 each, Baron de Schlick ler, $100,000, and M. Pierre Donon, Baron de Saubeyran and M. Michel Ephrussi between $60,000 and $70,000. A VERY expensive fad is having youi "portrait cut as an onyx cameo. The work is very slow, difficult and labori ous. The image when done is perma nent and will last for centuries. There are enough people in New York who enjoy this kind of extravagance to give constant employment to five caineo por» trait carvers. AN English paper states. that one of the lecturers at Owens College, Man chester, has put forward the assertions (1) "that no Jew or Jewess has ever been known to suffer from cancer," and (2) that "the immunity of the Hebrew race from this frightful scourge was at tributed to their abstinence from swine's flesh." BENJAMIN BUTTERWORTH, the secre tary of the world's fair, is a man of about fifty, in the prime of physical vigor and health. He is tall, solidly built and powerful, and his large head is covered with closely clipped, snow white hair. He is frank and direct in manner and likes a joke. His father was a Quaker. AN Italian nun, Sister Maria Caprini, has just returned to Verona after eighl. years' imprisonment among the Sou danese. She was taken captive at the siege of El #beid by the Mahdi, to gether with several companions and some missionary monks. Two of the siters and one of the monks died froir want and ill-treatment. THE daughter of a naval officer in Baltimore bestowed her affections on a man whom her father did not approve. He offered her a pleasure trip to China if she would discard her lover. She re fused, as any other American girl would have done, and eloped with the man of her choice. Love laughs at other things than locksmiths. THE custom of throwing a slippei after a bride is said to come down from ancient times. Long before the Chris tian era a defeated chief would take off his shoes and hand them to the victor to show that the loser of the shoes yielded up all authority over his subjects. Therefore, when the family of the bride throw slippers after her the mean that they renounce all authority over her. Miss SARAH ORNE JEWETT, the ma gazine writer, is the daughter of a country doctor. She was born and brought up on the sea-coast of Massa chusetts, and the impressions of her childhood, obtained by contact with sea-faring persons, are the great store house from which she draws her stories. She is not exactly a pretty woman, but her manner is most attractive, and Boston worships her. GEN. SHERMAN'S oldest sou, Thoma: who was ordained to the priesthood a few years ago, is now putting the finish to his theological studies in the Isle of Jersey. When the Jesuits were driven from France they got a place in thai classic island, bought a big hotel at St. Heller and turned it into a house ol studies. And there is where Thomas Sherman is now, rounding his long term of studies at the Maison St. Louis. AT Mehama, Oregon, when George P. Terrell's little twelve-year-old daughter went down to the pasture to drive up the cows she found a pretty little two-year-old deer feeding with them. She drove the cows to the barn yard and the deer ran along with them as sportive as a calf on a June morning. When they were all secured in the barn the deer was caught with but little trouble and is readily submitting to domstication. It is fresh and hearty and will make a nice pet for the chil dren. IT is nearly twenty years since John W. Keely announced to the world that he had'discovered a new force which was destined to revolutionize the whole system of locomotion. The inventor is now fifty-four years old, and it A COLORED couple called on a well known clergyman in Boston recently to be married. They were accompanied bv another couple, who came to "stand up" with the bridegroom and bride. The quartet stood in line, and by a queer misunderstanding of the requirements of the occasion the "contracting parties" got separated, the man standing at one end of the line and the woman at the other. The clergyman, supposing they were properly stationed, S3id: "Yon take this woman to be your lawful and wedded wife "Say, hold on boss! de woman dat I'm goin' to marry am at de oder end ob de line I'm not goin' to marry dis yer gal." The ex tremes met and the ceremony was le gun again and finished without inter ruption. AGRICULTURAL TOPICS. J1CON A. FEW POINTS FOR YUUFtJ SIDERATION. Something of Interest to the farmer, Boumwlfe, Dulrymant Kanelimam Poul terer, and the BeekecpHr. 4 .1 THE HOUSEHOLD. Ornamenting Plain Glass. MODE oJ orna menting plain glass, suggested by The Decorator and Furnisher, is to paint the d'eco rative design on silk or linen, and as soon as the sur face has been var nished pressing it downward on the glass, after which the back of the linen or silk is gently rubbed, so as to ex clude ai-r bubbles. Before using either of these textiles, they must bo stretchcd on a frame, and, if water colors are used, sized with isinglass, but 110 sizing is re quired with oil colors. The gloss of the glass will less interfere with the effect if a judicious selection of colors be made, preference being given to those which are subdued. Such paintings, well exe cuted, appear to advantage in the shaded recesses of mantels and cabinets. A Tried Cure Vor Insomnia. Ever^ night, at an early bed-time, take a five-grain pill of asafetida—be careful to take no strong medicino after 3 o'clock in the afternoon half an hour before getting into bed take a hot foot bath. Let the water be as hot as can be borne at first, and add a very little hot water as it cools. Be sure to keep well covered up, and to have the feet in the water for a full halfrhour. A month of this treatment under the most adverse circumstances completely cured thd in somnia of a friend who had run the en tire gamut of narcotics, stimulants, eat ing before retiring, and tiring himself out.—Ladle8' Home Journal. Simple Remedies. Wet tobacco will relieve bee or wasp stings. For nausea, lay a little pounded ice on the back of the ncck. For neuralgia, bruise horse-radish and apply as a poultice to the wrist. A couple of figs eaten before breakfast is an excellent laxative, especially for children. When suffering from ovf trained and tired eyes, bathe them in hot water sev eral times a day. For a slight cut, bind on a piece of common brown wrapping paper—such as butchers use for wrapping meats. A tea made by pouring boiling water over sweet flag-root will relieve worm sickness in children, and is also good l'or colic. For a cold on the lungs, lay a cloth on the chest, which has first been wrung out'in boiling water and sprinkled with turpentine. Cold water may "be drank freely in all fevers, except when the fever fs con nected with lung troubles, as in sucli a case it might chill the patient. Another good remedy for bee or wasp stings is common earth mixed to a iuud paste with water. Apply to thoafflicted part immediately, covering with a cloth. For rheumatism, take half a glassful of lemon juice for ten nights. Always take it when getting into bed at night. Wear flannel next to the skin, and in cold weather sleep in warm blankets. A good remedy for sore mouth is one teaspoonful each of powdered borax and alum, one-half tecspoonful of soda and one teacupf ul of sage tea. Mix well and rinse the mouth frequently. A raw cranberry cut in two and one h-alf of it bound over a corn, is said to be a sure cure. Another cure is, applying a poultice of stale bread which has been soaked in strong vinegar. Apply at night. A little powdered borax thrown into the bath makes the water very soft, and greatly invigorates and rests the bather. This is particularly beneficial to those who are troubled with nervousness or sleeplessness.—Good Housekeeping. THE FAKM. Pulling Stamps. Stumps are ugly things in any lot,and particularly in a plow lot. If there are many, especially large, ugly ones, it will pay to buy an. extractor in the absence of this useful machine, the following simple device will prove effective: Get a straight tree about eighteen inches through of sound oak or other rigid timber, about twenty-five or thirty feet long. Got also an extremely stroug ca ble chain—no ordinary ox chain will do. Hitch a strong, steady yoke of cat- HOME-MAIK seemE probable that his secret, whatever its value, will die with him. The original capital of ths company formed to de velop the discovery was half a million dollars, and after this had become ex hausted Mrs. Bloomfield Moore sup plied the inventor with fuuds to pro ceed. Now she proposes to retire from the concern, and its finances will suf fer accordingly. STUMP FtTrXEK. tie to the small end of the lever and draw it to the stump. Now pass your big chain around a large root and the lever at the same time, about three feet from tho butt. Fasten the chain tightly and start the team, driving in a circle. A small stump will come out whole, but a large one may split into two or three sections. The above is the plan adopted by a Prairie Farmer correspondent. Pile up the stumps and when dry burn. THE STOCK. KASCU. The Cotor Young Colts. The inexperienced breeder is often puzzled to guess what will be the color of a new-born colt when it attains ma turity. There is always a great change, but we believe that the linai color at full agQ is nearly always indicated by the color of the eyelashes. The rule holds good with many other young ani mals, including young children. Dalking Honen. When a horse has thoroughly learned the habit of balking it is cheaper and better to shoot him on the spot than to try to dispose of him in any other way. A balkly animal usually wastes the time of other horses and of men work ing him more than the value of his ser vices, besides giving cause for ba'd tem per and profanity, the datnago from which cani'Ot easily be calculatcd. Bill eating Colts and Horses. The Rural Guctrdian gives some very good ^directions for training a colt, from which we extract the following: In starting the education of a colt he should be bridle-handled first on one side and then o-i the other. The trainer should put him about in different direc tions, forward, backward, to the right and leit, and get him to yield to the bit in each of these directions. This should be done both in the stablo and yard, and ill using ttie reins for this purpose the trainer should exerciso a steady, firm pressure on the bit until the colt yields, when the pressure should be removed at once, in order for him to understand that lie has obeyed. When the colt's head can be handled in every conceivable di rection, and the muscles of his neck are supple and controlled, then handle the forward feet, then the body, and finish with tho hind feet and tail, but it you can't handle him by the head and com pel him to do everything you ask, you may be sure you can't handle his heels. When handling the colt's feet, teach him not only to allow you to pick them up and rub and rap on them with a ham mer, but to hold them up until -you get ready to let them go. Take the tail in your hand carefully, and raise it well up over his back, repeating this until he makes no objection. Take a polo about the size of a sled stak^ polo him all over his body, and pry in between his legs until ho shows no fear of it. Tcach him to stand and allow a harness to be tossed oil to and all about him. Handle umbrellas, robes, papers, etc., about his head and body until he is utterly 'indiff erent to all of them. Lead and back him into and over an old pair of shafts repeatedly, and when he is standing in them raise them up and rub his legs with them, and finally bring the cross bar against his haunches gently at first, and then more forcibly, until he cares nothing for it. Every colt should be educated to the crossbar, and it is as easy to do that as it is to educate him to the breeching. All these things should be done to tho 'colt before he is harnessed at all. Besides educating him in'these respects, it adds to your control each time you get him to go through some new manoeuvre. THJ5 APIARY. Boes for Farmers. The farmer, above all others, ought to keep a few bees. He need not keep enough of them to make it a burden or a part of his business to care for them, but enough to supply his own tablo with honey—the purest sweet there is. It is always handy to have in the house. If one has never kept bees he will be un wiso to go into bee-keeping rashly or ex tensively. A few hints, that may help some who are thinking of getting bees this summer, are given by Mrs. L. Har rison: It is good policy for beginners to pur chase bees In boxes and barrels, as trans ferring is not tho best kind of work for a novic.e Better buy a good colony or two, not more, of Italians iu a movable frame hive. The Langstrotli frame is to be preferred, for this reason, two-thirds of the scientific bee-keepers use this frame and bees sell better in hives where this frame is used. Every hive in an apiary should be exactly alike, so that every cover, frame, etc., can be mixed up and all fit when put together. Better choose a iuve first, and not get a half dozen different ones to see which is pref erable. Success in bee-culture is attained only by the faithful performance of many lit tle items. Some people never have any "luck" with bees. Why? One year the moths destroyed them, and another sea son the swarms left while the hives were beirg made ready, washed with apple tree leaves and salt. A. person who ex pect to make a success in bee-culture must study their lessons well, learn the habits of these industrious insects and their wants, and supply them. Last year the honey crop was an almost com plete failure, owing to the severe drouth, and many colonies this spring had not a day's rations ahead. Let there be a long continued cold storm, and bees in this condition must starve. Their owner must know their condi tion, and this is one of the good things of the movable-frame hive. Bees con sume stores very fast in the spring be cause of their rearing so much brood. Scientists tell us that an insect jn its larvae state consumes more food than during the remainder of its life. If a colony is Short of honey, the best way to supply it is to remove as quietly as pos sible an empty frame, and insert a full one in its place. Where no frames of honey are obtainable, feed syrup made of any kind of sugar when bees are fly ing. Little wooden butter dishes make good feeders, as bees cling to their sides and never drown as they do in glass or earthenware, unless filled without straw or shavings. THIS PULTKY YARD. Preserving At a late meeting of the London Society of Arts, Prof. P. L. Simtnonds, F. L. G., read a very interesting and in structive paper on this subject, lie said there is not much that can be brought forward as to the preservation of eggs, for this question has been very fully dis cussed and experimented upon in recent years. Cadet de Vaux suggested the plunging of eggs for twenty-four seconds in boiling water, in order to coagulate that portion of the albumen nearest the shell, and then to pack them in vessels half filled^with sifted cin'dors. This pro cess—which, by-tlio-by, has been well known in some parts of Scotland for many years—yields excellent results, but if neglected but for a second or two, the eggs are liable to harden. For home consumption the French peasantry have for ages preserved their eggs in a very simple fashion. They take a wooden case or a large barrel, and pack them in thick layers of sawdust, fine sand, chalk, bran, cinders or coal dust, so that they do not touch each other. In the marin tinio provinces the peasants use layers of ashes moistened with salt water. The late Dr. F. Grace Calvert found by ex periment the following results in the ac tion of different substances in the preser vation of eggs. I11 dry oxygen gas eggs are unaffected unless punctured moist oxygen decomposes the eggs. In moist hydrogen or nitrogen, eggs will keep three months. Egg pierced or whole are perfectly preserved in carbonic acid, dry or moist. In chlorine water (1 to 500) eggs kept three months in a closed vessel in solution of dilute chloride of lime, eggs would not keep two days lime water and sulphate of lime kept them a little longer carbolic acid (1 to 500) preserved them about six weeks. Eggs immersed in an iodide of calcium solution were, after a month, not to bo dis tinguished by smell or taste from per fectly fresh eggs. M. D'irand, a chemist at Blois, steepe them in a solution of silicate of potash. This being very viscous, is kept liquid by adding warm water. The eggs are placed in a vessel containing the silicate and dried. Then the part upon which the ei™ rested is covered, becauso the till cate lniiv have fallen off at this place When each egg is completely covered all over the eggs are placecI in an,r recep a a a it a a necessary, without any icar of thai spoiling. Within recent years* powder has been produced, not a ''hemi ca] combination, but the contents of ws dried or condensed. It is stated th.it these are for omelettes and other coolunD purposes, quite equal to new-laio eggs. TUK BAIitH. Prize Essay on nutter Making. The following points arc those made by Mrs. W. E. Bush, of Sparta, Wis., in a prize essay at a Dairymen's Conven tion. To make good butter, all having earc of cows and milk should work interest edly, conscientiously and harmoniously, each determining to "do his best his very best—and do it every day." Then having good butter cows, they may adopt the following plans with suc- °1? Keep cows in clean, warm, venti lated stabies in winter. 2. Treat gently feed, water, and milk regularly. 3. Food in winter: corn, oats, ground, mix with bran, scald, and salt occasion ally also carrots, pumpkins, good timothy, clover, and cornstalks. Avo.c. turnips, cabbage, and decaying vege- 4. Food in summer: good pasture and fodder-corn. 5. Pure water at all seasons. 6. Scrupulous cleansing of all utensils. 7. Milk rapidly and quietly iu pail that strains while milking, or cover pail with folds of mosquito netting re-strain through both wire and cloth into deep cans. 8. Reduce and hold temperature at 50 degrees. 9. Skim sweet. 10. Keep cream at moderate tempera ture until thicivcued, which indicates sufficient acidity. 11. Air by frequent stirring. 12. Churn in summer in early rooming every other day, Sundays excepted. I11 winter not less than semi-weekly. Tem perature 60 degrees. 13. Stop churning when in granular state, draw buttermilk and and add weak brine. Place pure white rather thin cloth in large seamless pan, half filled with brine, then remove butter to pan. Gather cloth with hand, repeat until no trace of buttermilk. 14. Butter stilfin granules, salt (pure dairy one ounce per pound,) by sifting evenly, stirring with ladle and turning on cloth. 15. Pack immediately in tubs, pre viously tilled with hot brine, then thor oughly cooled. 16. Cover neatly with muslin, and set in cool dry place to await shipment^ Dairy Notes. ANY harsh treatment that excites tho •cow, lessens the quantity and injures tho quality of her milk yield. TAKE good care of your stock and .there will be but a few occasions to in jure what is the best medicine for them. WHILE the milk is warmer than the surrounding air, it may bo left uncovered, but when colder it may with advantage be covered. IF you have an unprofitable cow'in the dairy now is the time to begin to get her ready to turn off. Fat her before cold weather. THE breed of cattle that was supposed forty years ago to do well enough on straw as winter fodder has become ex tinct because there is now a better breed of farmers. ONE of the uses of giving cows salt, especially in hot weather, is that it acts as a preservative in the system. Every one accustomed to test milk can tell by its flavor whether the cows have be. getting their salt. There is 110 doubt, whatever, that the neglect of "salting the cows" spoils the butter and injures the milk for the cheese factory. As SOON as an early crop is off a piece of land, before the weeds start, plow it up and sow rye. Here is late pasture for cows this year and early feed next. Plow it under next season, if your stock feeds it past grain-bearing, and put ir. any crop you choose. The moisture and warmth produced by the decay of green stuff turned under is really wonderful. THE KITCHEN. Currant Pie. Beat together one egg and one cup of sugar add one cup of currants and bake with two crusts. Blackberry Pudding. A pint of flour, a pint of warm water, a pinch of salt mix Hour, water and salt thoroughly add one quart, ot blackber ries the last thing. Put in pudding bag well floured and boil one hour. Onion J'omade. Cut some onions into thin slices and stew them in butter, add a pinch of Hour with broth or water, season and stew them again, thicken with the yolks of eggs so as to make a kind of thick sauce. Suet J'udUing. Three cups of Hour, one of raisins, stoned, one-half cup suet, chopped line, one-half cup molasses, one-half cu| sugar, one-half cup milk, two teaspoon* cinnamon,one of cream of tartar,one-hai! teaspoon soda boil one hour and a half. Bread Pudding. lake one pint of bread crumbs soaked in one quart of sweet milk, one-half cup of white sugar, two eggs beaten thor oughly, one eup of rasins if desired, heaping teaspoonful of butter, salt to suit the taste: stir well together and bake. Excellent Roll*. Take three pints of warm water in which some peeled Irish potatoes have been boiled, strain your water, add a tablespoonful of button or lard, one tea cupful of warm yeast thicken it with flour to make a dough. Let it stand to rise, then work into rolls. Let it stand to rise fifteen or twenty minutes, then bake about three-quarters of an hour \ou can make this into loaves, as it is a good bread reeeipe. Chicken Pie. Cut the chickens in joints blanch them with boiling water, season with pepper and salt, a mixed tablespoonful ol chopped mushrooms, parsley and onions or a larger quantity of this seasoning can he used add a few slices of ham or bacon. A layer below and one above the chicken arranged in the pie dish is best. Fill it up with real gravy, seasoned with a few mushrooms put in also the yolks of six hard-boiled eggs. A little lemon juice may also be added. Cover with puff, paste and bake rather more than an hour. A WEEK'S BUSINESS WHAT DUN SUMMARIZED FOR SEVEN DAYS. A General Improvement Noted—Smug, gllng Clilnamen Into tlie Country—Other News and Notes. NEW YORK, Jan.' 30.—R. G. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade says: Business continued unprecedented in volume and satisfactory in character. Measured by the clearing house returns: the trade exceeds that of a year ago by 2)» per cent, in amount, and that means: a volume of business larger^ than any other year at this season. The tone in commercial circles throughout the coun try is hopeful, and the money markets are now comparatively easy at all points. The dry goods trade is, on the who! very satisfactory for that reason. Tj increasing demand for wool, though st1 confined to actual needs for consum^ tion, proves that the current prices, low as they are, do not arrest production. The trade in boots and shoe leather is somewhat retarded by monetary uncertainties, and there is, besides, some reason to suppose that the consumption may not be quite up to expectations. Sales in the northwest, judging from Chicago re ports, appear to exceed last year's, but it is doubtful whether eastern sales are larger, and from Philadelphia and Balti more come some indications that south ern sales may not be as large. The manufacture and sale of machin ery, implements and tools seem to be larger than ever, and, while copper, tin and lead are all a shade lower for the week, the consumption of each is very heavy. Tho embarrassment in the iron and steel manufacture and trade is now clearly perceivjd to be tho result of a marked shrinkage in demands for coji sumption. Bar iron is very dull. T%. demand for plates is very much smal/i than was expected, and for sheets irre| nlar and unsatisfactory, while structu ral iron is dull and lower. There is very little doing in rails. Accbunts from southern cities indicate only a fair trade, with an improvement at Atlanta and a slight improvement at Jacksonville, but increasing receipts and lower prices for cotton at New Orleans. At St. Louis business is apparently strong and building promises to begin earlier than usual. At Kansas City and Denver trade is fair at Omaha dull, but at St. Paul excellent, snow having helped, and the flour trade at Minneapolis is aided by the rise in wheat.. The lum ber trade there is good. At Cincinnati manufactures arc active, especially in machinery. At Detroit iron is weak, but at Cleveland in good demand, and at Pittsburg there is no special change, though the glass traide is rather dull. Chicago notes a larger trade than a year ago in nearly everything excepting dressed beef, the gains in hides apd/yapi being especially heavy, and in drf and clothing sales have increased better collections. Throughout the northwest it is note worthy that country banks are well sup plied with money, and, while the demand is brisk at Chicago, the market is easier. Philadelphia reports a good demand for combing wool encouragement in the dry goods and shoe trades and an im provement in paper because of the gov ernment award to Pennsylvania makers. Tho startling death of Secretary Win dom caused a sudden falling in the price of silver, in London, it was stated in dis patches, but no change whatever in the financial policy of the government is llkelv to result, though it may easily happen that a successor, how ever able, may not possess the fertility of resource which Mr. Windom has shown in meeting the emergencies. The operations 01 the treasury during the week have in no way affected the monev market, which is well supplied. Specu lation accordingly grows more active and wheat has advanced 3%c, corn 3J£c. oats He and coffee 15c per 100 pounds, but cotton is l-16c lower and oil 2%c lower. The business failures occurring throughout tho country during the last seven days number 320,. as compared with 380 last week. For the correspond ing week of last year the figures were 291. OVER THE BORDE Heatlien John Coming Into This Country From British Soil, WEST SUPERIOR, Jan 31.—For several days past an agent of the United States treasury department has been in the city for the purpose of investigating the reported smuggling into the United States from Port Arthur, Ont., of large numbers of Chinamen. Government, of ficials have for some time occn keeping an eye on certain owners of small vessels resident here and at Duluth, but not until the close of navigation has any ac tion been taken. Since the Beginning of whiter, however, several enterprising individuals have gone into tho business of overland transportation quite exten sively. It seems that tho celestials are brought to Canadian ports, from whence they make their way to Port Arthur. Here they aro provided with transporta tion into the United States in sleighs and wagons, in most cases being brought a distance of about 300 miles to Two Har bors, Minn., at which point the Duluth & Iron Range railroad is taken, and their ultimate destination is rcaelied without molestation. A prominent ves sel owner of this city is one of the par ties toward whom suspicion is directed. Arrests will probably be made within a day or two. The government agents have a dozen contraband China,Timast hat are being held north of here, neflHport Arthur, until everything is ready tUTthc arrests. WANT A REPUBLIC. Serious devolution Imiuguratecl in Porta- Resulting In Bloody Work. OPORTO, Jan. 31.—Three regiments of infantry, comprising a portion of the garrison, openly revoled to-day. The re mainder of the garrfton, including the municipal guard, remains* loyal. The alleged object of tho mutineers is to es tablish a republic. The rebels £nd loyal ists aro at last accounts lightingv in the streets and it is said that many have beeen killed on both sides. The citizens are barricading their houses. Troops are being sent from various points to this city. EyrmuU Must Die. ^*18, Jan. 31.—Figaro to-day state? tnat the committee on" pardons has de cided against the commutation of the sentence of death passed upon Byrciud, the condemned murderer.