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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, February 05, 1891, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1891-02-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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S MEXICAN contractors are importing,
thousands of Chinese laborers to work
on railroads in course of construction in
lhat land.
MAINE men do some strange things.
!The owners of an unsuccessful "pants
factory" are converting it into a maple
syrup factory.
!. BOLL. HEAD, who shot Sitting Bull,
Is dead. Luckily there are no sc'alping
fcnives or tomahawks in tLj happy
hunting grounds.
THE bachelor cokers at Scottdale are
going to marry in order to secnre steady
employment. They are sure to have it
once they are married.
THE big nations are recognizing Bra
zil. Brazil recognized the United
States by taking the constitution of
this country as a.model.
A TUSK seven feet long and a tooth
weighing over seven pounds, supposed
to been part of a mastodon, have been
unearthed at Manson, Iowa.
Two WOMEN in Philadelpha cracked
4 safe and stole $3,000. Women have
thus invaded another line of industry
heretofore exclusively held by men.
IN two of the London clubs, where
the chief butlers have been in office for
forty years, all gold and silver change is
washed before being given to the mem
THE production of metal aluminum
by electrolysis at a cost of a little above
that of tin is what some French chem
ists are sanguine of being able to ac
"TBE RE is no foundation for the re
port," says Mr. Laboucliere, "that
Buckingham Palace and Marlborough
House have been hired by an American
COLUMBIA COLLEGE has a landed es
tate of about twenty acres in the best
part of New York City, worth now $10,
000,000, and likely to double in value
in the next decade.
BY counting the Indians, the popu
lation of the country is brought up to
63,000,000 and certainly we have a
right to count them, considering how
much they have cost us.
ACCORDING to Chinese legend, the
•virtues of tea were discovered by the
mythical Emperor Chinung 2737 B. C.,
to whom all agricultural and mechani
eal knowledge is traced.
LORD WOLSELEY has stated before a
parliamentary committee that if only
100,000 could be landed in any part of
England he would not be able to pre
vent their capturing London.
URUGUAY has a healthy climate,
__ snd, according to its tables of mortal
ity for 1882, out of a total of 9,610
deaths, forty-five were of persons over
One hundred years of age. Its death
rate is only 16.510 per 1,000.
S. F. HERRHEY says in a recent
article: "Woman lives longer than
man, goes insane less numerously, com
mits suicide one-third as often, makes
one-tenth the demand on the public
purse for support in jail, prisons and
REMARK by the Kansas City Star:
*A Green County farmer who deeded
all his property to his children is haul
ing rails for a living. A father can sup
port twelve children, but twelve chil
dren sometimes find it difficult to sup
port one father."
OCT of nine hundred foreign mission
aries at present in India it is said that
the oldest is an American—Rev. John
Newton, of thePresbyterian Church,the
veteran missionary at Lahore, who, at
the age of seventy-eight years, is still
a worker In his chosen field.
THIS country is reported to have 300
colleges and universities, against nine
ty-four in Europe, but the latter are
far higher in rank, have 1,723 more
professors than over three times as
many institutions here, and 41,814
more students than our 69,400.
DUELING continues very frequent in
Italy. During the last twelve months
2,759 duels were fought and fifty of the
combatants succumbed. Some of the
duelists were wounded several times
in the same conflict, for 3,901 wounds
were inflicted and over 1,000 of these
were Herious.
HERE is something to be thankful
for: The Kio News says the coffee
crop of Hayti this year is unusually
large and that the generally good news
from coffee producing countries this
year promises to cause much lower
prices for the next year or two.
BISMARCK'S inseparable companions
are two large Danish hounds. At din
ner they eat beside their master, and he
occasionally feeds them with his own
hands. After dinner the Prince smokes
three pipef ills of tobaccco, that being
the amount allowed by the doctors.
PIERRE owns a wooded island of 2,000
acres just below the city and will con
vert it into a park. The young capital
begins business with a proper spirit.
Wise provision for the wants of a me
tropolis will go a great way towards
making a metropolis of the thriving
HINDOO widow* still continue to
attempt suttee, notwithstanding it is
prohibited by law under severs penal­
ties. Only a short time since a rich
widow was forcibly removed from a
funeral pyre after she had been badly
burned, in her desire to join her hus
band in the next world.
GENTLEMEN have been very lucky on
the French race courses this year. M.
Maurice Ephrussi won $85,000, Barons
Alphonse and Gustave de Rothschild
about $70,000 each, Baron de Schlick
ler, $100,000, and M. Pierre Donon,
Baron de Saubeyran and M. Michel
Ephrussi between $60,000 and $70,000.
A VERY expensive fad is having youi
"portrait cut as an onyx cameo. The
work is very slow, difficult and labori
ous. The image when done is perma
nent and will last for centuries. There
are enough people in New York who
enjoy this kind of extravagance to give
constant employment to five caineo por»
trait carvers.
AN English paper states. that one of
the lecturers at Owens College, Man
chester, has put forward the assertions
(1) "that no Jew or Jewess has ever
been known to suffer from cancer," and
(2) that "the immunity of the Hebrew
race from this frightful scourge was at
tributed to their abstinence from
swine's flesh."
tary of the world's fair, is a man of
about fifty, in the prime of physical
vigor and health. He is tall, solidly
built and powerful, and his large head
is covered with closely clipped, snow
white hair. He is frank and direct in
manner and likes a joke. His father
was a Quaker.
AN Italian nun, Sister Maria Caprini,
has just returned to Verona after eighl.
years' imprisonment among the Sou
danese. She was taken captive at the
siege of El #beid by the Mahdi, to
gether with several companions and
some missionary monks. Two of the
siters and one of the monks died froir
want and ill-treatment.
THE daughter of a naval officer in
Baltimore bestowed her affections on a
man whom her father did not approve.
He offered her a pleasure trip to China
if she would discard her lover. She re
fused, as any other American girl
would have done, and eloped with the
man of her choice. Love laughs at
other things than locksmiths.
THE custom of throwing a slippei
after a bride is said to come down from
ancient times. Long before the Chris
tian era a defeated chief would take off
his shoes and hand them to the victor to
show that the loser of the shoes yielded
up all authority over his subjects.
Therefore, when the family of the
bride throw slippers after her the
mean that they renounce all authority
over her.
gazine writer, is the daughter of a
country doctor. She was born and
brought up on the sea-coast of Massa
chusetts, and the impressions of her
childhood, obtained by contact with
sea-faring persons, are the great store
house from which she draws her stories.
She is not exactly a pretty woman, but
her manner is most attractive, and
Boston worships her.
GEN. SHERMAN'S oldest sou, Thoma:
who was ordained to the priesthood a few
years ago, is now putting the finish to
his theological studies in the Isle of
Jersey. When the Jesuits were driven
from France they got a place in thai
classic island, bought a big hotel at St.
Heller and turned it into a house ol
studies. And there is where Thomas
Sherman is now, rounding his long
term of studies at the Maison St.
AT Mehama, Oregon, when George
P. Terrell's little twelve-year-old
daughter went down to the pasture to
drive up the cows she found a pretty
little two-year-old deer feeding with
them. She drove the cows to the barn
yard and the deer ran along with them
as sportive as a calf on a June morning.
When they were all secured in the barn
the deer was caught with but little
trouble and is readily submitting to
domstication. It is fresh and hearty
and will make a nice pet for the chil
IT is nearly twenty years since John
W. Keely announced to the world that
he had'discovered a new force which
was destined to revolutionize the whole
system of locomotion. The inventor is
now fifty-four years old, and it
A COLORED couple called on a well
known clergyman in Boston recently to
be married. They were accompanied bv
another couple, who came to "stand
up" with the bridegroom and bride.
The quartet stood in line, and by a queer
misunderstanding of the requirements
of the occasion the "contracting parties"
got separated, the man standing at one
end of the line and the woman at the
other. The clergyman, supposing they
were properly stationed, S3id: "Yon
take this woman to be your lawful and
wedded wife "Say, hold on boss!
de woman dat I'm goin' to marry am
at de oder end ob de line I'm not
goin' to marry dis yer gal." The ex
tremes met and the ceremony was le
gun again and finished without inter
Something of Interest to the farmer,
Boumwlfe, Dulrymant Kanelimam Poul
terer, and the BeekecpHr. 4
Ornamenting Plain Glass.
MODE oJ orna
menting plain
glass, suggested
by The Decorator
and Furnisher, is
to paint the d'eco
rative design on
silk or linen, and
as soon as the sur
face has been var
nished pressing it
downward on the
glass, after which the back of the
linen or silk is gently rubbed, so as to ex
clude ai-r bubbles. Before using either
of these textiles, they must bo stretchcd
on a frame, and, if water colors are used,
sized with isinglass, but 110 sizing is re
quired with oil colors. The gloss of the
glass will less interfere with the effect if
a judicious selection of colors be made,
preference being given to those which
are subdued. Such paintings, well exe
cuted, appear to advantage in the shaded
recesses of mantels and cabinets.
A Tried Cure Vor Insomnia.
Ever^ night, at an early bed-time, take
a five-grain pill of asafetida—be careful
to take no strong medicino after 3
o'clock in the afternoon half an hour
before getting into bed take a hot foot
bath. Let the water be as hot as can be
borne at first, and add a very little hot
water as it cools. Be sure to keep well
covered up, and to have the feet in the
water for a full halfrhour. A month of
this treatment under the most adverse
circumstances completely cured thd in
somnia of a friend who had run the en
tire gamut of narcotics, stimulants, eat
ing before retiring, and tiring himself
out.—Ladle8' Home Journal.
Simple Remedies.
Wet tobacco will relieve bee or wasp
For nausea, lay a little pounded ice on
the back of the ncck.
For neuralgia, bruise horse-radish and
apply as a poultice to the wrist.
A couple of figs eaten before breakfast
is an excellent laxative, especially for
When suffering from ovf trained and
tired eyes, bathe them in hot water sev
eral times a day.
For a slight cut, bind on a piece of
common brown wrapping paper—such as
butchers use for wrapping meats.
A tea made by pouring boiling water
over sweet flag-root will relieve worm
sickness in children, and is also good l'or
For a cold on the lungs, lay a cloth on
the chest, which has first been wrung
out'in boiling water and sprinkled with
Cold water may "be drank freely in all
fevers, except when the fever fs con
nected with lung troubles, as in sucli a
case it might chill the patient.
Another good remedy for bee or wasp
stings is common earth mixed to a iuud
paste with water. Apply to thoafflicted
part immediately, covering with a cloth.
For rheumatism, take half a glassful
of lemon juice for ten nights. Always
take it when getting into bed at night.
Wear flannel next to the skin, and in
cold weather sleep in warm blankets.
A good remedy for sore mouth is one
teaspoonful each of powdered borax and
alum, one-half tecspoonful of soda and
one teacupf ul of sage tea. Mix well and
rinse the mouth frequently.
A raw cranberry cut in two and one
h-alf of it bound over a corn, is said to be
a sure cure. Another cure is, applying
a poultice of stale bread which has been
soaked in strong vinegar. Apply at
A little powdered borax thrown into
the bath makes the water very soft, and
greatly invigorates and rests the bather.
This is particularly beneficial to those
who are troubled with nervousness or
sleeplessness.—Good Housekeeping.
Pulling Stamps.
Stumps are ugly things in any lot,and
particularly in a plow lot. If there are
many, especially large, ugly ones, it will
pay to buy an. extractor in the absence
of this useful machine, the following
simple device will prove effective: Get
a straight tree about eighteen inches
through of sound oak or other rigid
timber, about twenty-five or thirty feet
long. Got also an extremely stroug ca
ble chain—no ordinary ox chain will
do. Hitch a strong, steady yoke of cat-
probable that his secret, whatever its
value, will die with him. The original
capital of ths company formed to de
velop the discovery was half a million
dollars, and after this had become ex
hausted Mrs. Bloomfield Moore sup
plied the inventor with fuuds to pro
ceed. Now she proposes to retire from
the concern, and its finances will suf
fer accordingly.
tie to the small end of the lever and
draw it to the stump. Now pass your
big chain around a large root and the
lever at the same time, about three feet
from tho butt. Fasten the chain tightly
and start the team, driving in a circle.
A small stump will come out whole, but
a large one may split into two or three
sections. The above is the plan adopted
by a Prairie Farmer correspondent. Pile
up the stumps and when dry burn.
The Cotor Young Colts.
The inexperienced breeder is often
puzzled to guess what will be the color
of a new-born colt when it attains ma
turity. There is always a great change,
but we believe that the linai color at
full agQ is nearly always indicated by
the color of the eyelashes. The rule
holds good with many other young ani
mals, including young children.
Dalking Honen.
When a horse has thoroughly learned
the habit of balking it is cheaper and
better to shoot him on the spot than to
try to dispose of him in any other way.
A balkly animal usually wastes the
time of other horses and of men work
ing him more than the value of his ser
vices, besides giving cause for ba'd tem
per and profanity, the datnago from
which cani'Ot easily be calculatcd.
Bill eating Colts and Horses.
The Rural Guctrdian gives some very
good ^directions for training a colt, from
which we extract the following:
In starting the education of a colt he
should be bridle-handled first on one side
and then o-i the other. The trainer
should put him about in different direc
tions, forward, backward, to the right
and leit, and get him to yield to the bit in
each of these directions. This should be
done both in the stablo and yard, and ill
using ttie reins for this purpose the
trainer should exerciso a steady, firm
pressure on the bit until the colt yields,
when the pressure should be removed at
once, in order for him to understand that
lie has obeyed. When the colt's head
can be handled in every conceivable di
rection, and the muscles of his neck are
supple and controlled, then handle the
forward feet, then the body, and finish
with tho hind feet and tail, but it you
can't handle him by the head and com
pel him to do everything you ask, you
may be sure you can't handle his heels.
When handling the colt's feet, teach him
not only to allow you to pick them up
and rub and rap on them with a ham
mer, but to hold them up until -you get
ready to let them go. Take the tail in
your hand carefully, and raise it well
up over his back, repeating this until he
makes no objection. Take a polo about
the size of a sled stak^ polo him all
over his body, and pry in between his
legs until ho shows no fear of it. Tcach
him to stand and allow a harness to be
tossed oil to and all about him. Handle
umbrellas, robes, papers, etc., about his
head and body until he is utterly 'indiff
erent to all of them. Lead and back
him into and over an old pair of shafts
repeatedly, and when he is standing in
them raise them up and rub his legs
with them, and finally bring the cross
bar against his haunches gently
at first, and then more forcibly, until he
cares nothing for it. Every colt should
be educated to the crossbar, and it is as
easy to do that as it is to educate him
to the breeching. All these things
should be done to tho 'colt before he is
harnessed at all. Besides educating him
in'these respects, it adds to your control
each time you get him to go through
some new manoeuvre.
Boes for Farmers.
The farmer, above all others, ought to
keep a few bees. He need not keep
enough of them to make it a burden or a
part of his business to care for them, but
enough to supply his own tablo with
honey—the purest sweet there is. It is
always handy to have in the house. If
one has never kept bees he will be un
wiso to go into bee-keeping rashly or ex
tensively. A few hints, that may help
some who are thinking of getting bees
this summer, are given by Mrs. L. Har
It is good policy for beginners to pur
chase bees In boxes and barrels, as trans
ferring is not tho best kind of work for a
novic.e Better buy a good colony or
two, not more, of Italians iu a movable
frame hive. The Langstrotli frame is to
be preferred, for this reason, two-thirds
of the scientific bee-keepers use this frame
and bees sell better in hives where this
frame is used. Every hive in an apiary
should be exactly alike, so that every
cover, frame, etc., can be mixed up
and all fit when put together. Better
choose a iuve first, and not get a half
dozen different ones to see which is pref
Success in bee-culture is attained only
by the faithful performance of many lit
tle items. Some people never have any
"luck" with bees. Why? One year the
moths destroyed them, and another sea
son the swarms left while the hives were
beirg made ready, washed with apple
tree leaves and salt. A. person who ex
pect to make a success in bee-culture
must study their lessons well, learn the
habits of these industrious insects and
their wants, and supply them. Last
year the honey crop was an almost com
plete failure, owing to the severe drouth,
and many colonies this spring had not a
day's rations ahead. Let there be a long
continued cold storm, and bees in this
condition must starve.
Their owner must know their condi
tion, and this is one of the good things
of the movable-frame hive. Bees con
sume stores very fast in the spring be
cause of their rearing so much brood.
Scientists tell us that an insect jn its
larvae state consumes more food than
during the remainder of its life. If a
colony is Short of honey, the best way to
supply it is to remove as quietly as pos
sible an empty frame, and insert a full
one in its place. Where no frames of
honey are obtainable, feed syrup made
of any kind of sugar when bees are fly
ing. Little wooden butter dishes make
good feeders, as bees cling to their sides
and never drown as they do in glass or
earthenware, unless filled without straw
or shavings.
At a late meeting of the London
Society of Arts, Prof. P. L. Simtnonds,
F. L. G., read a very interesting and in
structive paper on this subject, lie said
there is not much that can be brought
forward as to the preservation of eggs,
for this question has been very fully dis
cussed and experimented upon in recent
years. Cadet de Vaux suggested the
plunging of eggs for twenty-four seconds
in boiling water, in order to coagulate
that portion of the albumen nearest the
shell, and then to pack them in vessels
half filled^with sifted cin'dors. This pro
cess—which, by-tlio-by, has been well
known in some parts of Scotland for
many years—yields excellent results, but
if neglected but for a second or two, the
eggs are liable to harden. For home
consumption the French peasantry have
for ages preserved their eggs in a very
simple fashion. They take a wooden
case or a large barrel, and pack them in
thick layers of sawdust, fine sand, chalk,
bran, cinders or coal dust, so that they
do not touch each other. In the marin
tinio provinces the peasants use layers of
ashes moistened with salt water. The
late Dr. F. Grace Calvert found by ex
periment the following results in the ac
tion of different substances in the preser
vation of eggs. I11 dry oxygen gas eggs
are unaffected unless punctured moist
oxygen decomposes the eggs. In moist
hydrogen or nitrogen, eggs will keep
three months. Egg pierced or whole are
perfectly preserved in carbonic acid, dry
or moist. In chlorine water (1 to 500)
eggs kept three months in a closed vessel
in solution of dilute chloride of lime,
eggs would not keep two days lime
water and sulphate of lime kept them a
little longer carbolic acid (1 to 500)
preserved them about six weeks. Eggs
immersed in an iodide
of calcium solution
were, after a month, not to bo dis
tinguished by smell or taste from per
fectly fresh eggs. M. D'irand, a chemist
at Blois, steepe them in a solution of
silicate of potash. This being very
viscous, is kept liquid by adding warm
water. The eggs are placed in a vessel
containing the silicate and
dried. Then the part upon which the
ei™ rested is covered, becauso the till
cate lniiv have fallen off at this place
When each egg is completely covered all
over the eggs are placecI in an,r recep
a a a it a a
necessary, without any icar of thai
spoiling. Within recent years*
powder has been produced, not a ''hemi
ca] combination, but the contents of ws
dried or condensed. It is stated th.it
these are for omelettes and other coolunD
purposes, quite equal to new-laio eggs.
Prize Essay on nutter Making.
The following points arc those made
by Mrs. W. E. Bush, of Sparta, Wis., in
a prize essay at a Dairymen's Conven
To make good butter, all having earc
of cows and milk should work interest
edly, conscientiously and harmoniously,
each determining to "do his best his
very best—and do it every day."
Then having good butter cows, they
may adopt the following plans with suc-
°1? Keep cows in clean, warm, venti
lated stabies in winter.
2. Treat gently feed, water, and milk
3. Food in winter: corn, oats, ground,
mix with bran, scald, and salt occasion
ally also carrots, pumpkins, good
timothy, clover, and cornstalks. Avo.c.
turnips, cabbage, and decaying vege-
4. Food in summer: good pasture and
5. Pure water at all seasons.
6. Scrupulous cleansing of all utensils.
7. Milk rapidly and quietly iu pail that
strains while milking, or cover pail with
folds of mosquito netting re-strain
through both wire and cloth into deep
8. Reduce and hold temperature at 50
9. Skim sweet.
10. Keep cream at moderate tempera
ture until thicivcued, which indicates
sufficient acidity.
11. Air by frequent stirring.
12. Churn in summer in early rooming
every other day, Sundays excepted. I11
winter not less than semi-weekly. Tem
perature 60 degrees.
13. Stop churning when in granular
state, draw buttermilk and and add weak
brine. Place pure white rather thin
cloth in large seamless pan, half filled
with brine, then remove butter to pan.
Gather cloth with hand, repeat until no
trace of buttermilk.
14. Butter stilfin granules, salt (pure
dairy one ounce per pound,) by sifting
evenly, stirring with ladle and turning
on cloth.
15. Pack immediately in tubs, pre
viously tilled with hot brine, then thor
oughly cooled.
16. Cover neatly with muslin, and set
in cool dry place to await shipment^
Dairy Notes.
ANY harsh treatment that excites tho
•cow, lessens the quantity and injures tho
quality of her milk yield.
TAKE good care of your stock and
.there will be but a few occasions to in
jure what is the best medicine for them.
WHILE the milk is warmer than the
surrounding air, it may bo left uncovered,
but when colder it may with advantage
be covered.
IF you have an unprofitable cow'in the
dairy now is the time to begin to get her
ready to turn off. Fat her before cold
THE breed of cattle that was supposed
forty years ago to do well enough on
straw as winter fodder has become ex
tinct because there is now a better breed
of farmers.
ONE of the uses of giving cows salt,
especially in hot weather, is that it acts
as a preservative in the system. Every
one accustomed to test milk can tell by
its flavor whether the cows have be.
getting their salt. There is 110 doubt,
whatever, that the neglect of "salting
the cows" spoils the butter and injures
the milk for the cheese factory.
As SOON as an early crop is off a piece
of land, before the weeds start, plow it
up and sow rye. Here is late pasture
for cows this year and early feed next.
Plow it under next season, if your stock
feeds it past grain-bearing, and put ir.
any crop you choose. The moisture and
warmth produced by the decay of green
stuff turned under is really wonderful.
Currant Pie.
Beat together one egg and one cup of
sugar add one cup of currants and bake
with two crusts.
Blackberry Pudding.
A pint of flour, a pint of warm water,
a pinch of salt mix Hour, water and salt
thoroughly add one quart, ot blackber
ries the last thing. Put in pudding bag
well floured and boil one hour.
Onion J'omade.
Cut some onions into thin slices and stew
them in butter, add a pinch of Hour with
broth or water, season and stew them
again, thicken with the yolks of eggs so
as to make a kind of thick sauce.
Suet J'udUing.
Three cups of Hour, one of raisins,
stoned, one-half cup suet, chopped line,
one-half cup molasses, one-half cu|
sugar, one-half cup milk, two teaspoon*
cinnamon,one of cream of tartar,one-hai!
teaspoon soda boil one hour and a half.
Bread Pudding.
lake one pint of bread crumbs soaked
in one quart of sweet milk, one-half cup
of white sugar, two eggs beaten thor
oughly, one eup of rasins if desired,
heaping teaspoonful of butter, salt to
suit the taste: stir well together and
Excellent Roll*.
Take three pints of warm water in
which some peeled Irish potatoes have
been boiled, strain your water, add a
tablespoonful of button or lard, one tea
cupful of warm yeast thicken it with
flour to make a dough. Let it stand to
rise, then work into rolls. Let it stand
to rise fifteen or twenty minutes, then
bake about three-quarters of an hour
\ou can make this into loaves, as it is a
good bread reeeipe.
Chicken Pie.
Cut the chickens in joints blanch them
with boiling water, season with pepper
and salt, a mixed tablespoonful ol
chopped mushrooms, parsley and onions
or a larger quantity of this seasoning can
he used add a few slices of ham or
bacon. A layer below and one above the
chicken arranged in the pie dish is best.
Fill it up with real gravy, seasoned with
a few mushrooms put in also the yolks
of six hard-boiled eggs. A little lemon
juice may also be added. Cover with
puff, paste and bake rather more than an
A General Improvement Noted—Smug,
gllng Clilnamen Into tlie Country—Other
News and Notes.
NEW YORK, Jan.' 30.—R. G. Dun &
Co.'s weekly review of trade says:
Business continued unprecedented in
volume and satisfactory in character.
Measured by the clearing house returns:
the trade exceeds that of a year ago by
2)» per cent, in amount, and that means:
a volume of business larger^ than any
other year at this season. The tone in
commercial circles throughout the coun
try is hopeful, and the money markets
are now comparatively easy at all points.
The dry goods trade is, on the who!
very satisfactory for that reason. Tj
increasing demand for wool, though st1
confined to actual needs for consum^
tion, proves that the current prices, low
as they are, do not arrest production.
The trade in boots and shoe
leather is somewhat retarded by
monetary uncertainties, and there
is, besides, some reason to
suppose that the consumption may not
be quite up to expectations. Sales in
the northwest, judging from Chicago re
ports, appear to exceed last year's, but
it is doubtful whether eastern sales are
larger, and from Philadelphia and Balti
more come some indications that south
ern sales may not be as large.
The manufacture and sale of machin
ery, implements and tools seem to be
larger than ever, and, while copper, tin
and lead are all a shade lower for the
week, the consumption of each is very
Tho embarrassment in the iron and
steel manufacture and trade is now
clearly perceivjd to be tho result of a
marked shrinkage in demands for coji
sumption. Bar iron is very dull. T%.
demand for plates is very much smal/i
than was expected, and for sheets irre|
nlar and unsatisfactory, while structu
ral iron is dull and lower. There is very
little doing in rails.
Accbunts from southern cities indicate
only a fair trade, with an improvement
at Atlanta and a slight improvement at
Jacksonville, but increasing receipts
and lower prices for cotton at New
At St. Louis business is apparently
strong and building promises to begin
earlier than usual. At Kansas City and
Denver trade is fair at Omaha dull, but
at St. Paul excellent, snow having
helped, and the flour trade at Minneapolis
is aided by the rise in wheat.. The lum
ber trade there is good.
At Cincinnati manufactures arc active,
especially in machinery. At Detroit
iron is weak, but at Cleveland in good
demand, and at Pittsburg there is no
special change, though the glass traide is
rather dull.
Chicago notes a larger trade than a
year ago in nearly everything excepting
dressed beef, the gains in hides apd/yapi
being especially heavy, and in drf
and clothing sales have increased
better collections.
Throughout the northwest it is note
worthy that country banks are well sup
plied with money, and, while the demand
is brisk at Chicago, the market is easier.
Philadelphia reports a good demand for
combing wool encouragement in the
dry goods and shoe trades and an im
provement in paper because of the gov
ernment award to Pennsylvania makers.
Tho startling death of Secretary Win
dom caused a sudden falling in the price
of silver, in London, it was stated in dis
patches, but no change whatever in the
financial policy of the government
is llkelv to result, though it
may easily happen that a successor, how
ever able, may not possess the fertility
of resource which Mr. Windom has
shown in meeting the emergencies. The
operations 01 the treasury during the
week have in no way affected the monev
market, which is well supplied. Specu
lation accordingly grows more active
and wheat has advanced 3%c, corn 3J£c.
oats He and coffee 15c per 100 pounds,
but cotton is l-16c lower and oil 2%c
The business failures occurring
throughout tho country during the last
seven days number 320,. as compared
with 380 last week. For the correspond
ing week of last year the figures were
Heatlien John Coming Into This Country
From British Soil,
WEST SUPERIOR, Jan 31.—For several
days past an agent of the United States
treasury department has been in the
city for the purpose of investigating the
reported smuggling into the United
States from Port Arthur, Ont., of large
numbers of Chinamen. Government, of
ficials have for some time occn keeping
an eye on certain owners of small vessels
resident here and at Duluth, but not
until the close of navigation has any ac
tion been taken. Since the Beginning
of whiter, however, several enterprising
individuals have gone into tho business
of overland transportation quite exten
sively. It seems that tho celestials are
brought to Canadian ports, from whence
they make their way to Port Arthur.
Here they aro provided with transporta
tion into the United States in sleighs and
wagons, in most cases being brought a
distance of about 300 miles to Two Har
bors, Minn., at which point the Duluth
& Iron Range railroad is taken, and
their ultimate destination is rcaelied
without molestation. A prominent ves
sel owner of this city is one of the par
ties toward whom suspicion is directed.
Arrests will probably be made within a
day or two. The government agents
have a dozen contraband China,Timast hat
are being held north of here, neflHport
Arthur, until everything is ready tUTthc
Serious devolution
in Porta-
Resulting In Bloody Work.
OPORTO, Jan. 31.—Three regiments of
infantry, comprising a portion of the
garrison, openly revoled to-day. The re
mainder of the garrfton, including the
municipal guard, remains* loyal. The
alleged object of tho mutineers is to es
tablish a republic. The rebels £nd loyal
ists aro at last accounts lightingv in the
streets and it is said that many have
beeen killed on both sides. The citizens
are barricading their houses. Troops
are being sent from various points to this
Must Die.
^*18, Jan. 31.—Figaro to-day state?
tnat the committee on" pardons has de
cided against the commutation of the
sentence of death passed upon Byrciud,
the condemned murderer.

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