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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, November 30, 1894, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1894-11-30/ed-1/seq-6/

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fourteenth Annual Gathering of a Uroat
Organization—Tenth of Oecember. the
Date—"Now Is the Time That Tries
Men's Souls."
Greeting to Trude Unionists,
our laws you are hereby notified^ that
|the Fourteenth Annual Convention of
'the American Federation of Labor
•, will be held'in the Old Chamber of
^Commerce, 14th aud Lawrence Streets,
Denver, Colo., and will be called to
order at 10 o'clock in the morning of
December lOtb, 1894, and continue in
session each succeeding day until the
business before the convention shall
bo concluded.
Iu inviting the trade unionists of
America to participate in our conven
tion, it is not amiss to call your atten
tion to the fact that the past year has
witnessed strange scenes aud incidents,
so strange that the whole world stood
aghast lest the free institutions of our
country were about to be shattered,
the rights secured aud guaranteed
were to bo treated with contempt, and
tho liberties of our people trampled
under foot.
The judiciary yielding to the wealth
and bidding of avaricious corporations,
has, by the flagrant issuance of injunc
tions restraining union men from ex
ercising their legal and natural right
and punishing' them for contempt,
practically ilung to the winds the.
right of trial by jury. The right, .of.
masses of labor to organize fof self
protection is placed in jeopardy the
courts deciding our organizations to
be conspiracies.
For the first time in the history of
the country, and in contravention to
all constitutional law and rights, the
Federal troops, in spite and against
the protests of tlie state authorities,
were sentinto several ...states ostensi
bly to maintain interstate commerce
uninterrupted, but in truth to over-,
awe workmen engaged in a contest in
defense of their rights afid to aid their
fellow workers. These facts must re
ceive our consideration, and, in no un
certain tones must we declare our po
sition upon them, and our unceasing
effort for their solution, and the final
emaitoipation-of labor.
"Efer'more tnan a year the people'off
our country have been suffering from
a great industrial, commercial and
financial crisis. Hundreds of thou
sands of our. fellow porkers have been
-vainly seeking opportunities to earn
their. bre»d by the sweat of their
Myrows. Though this lack of employ'
ment ia in no wise the fault of the
workers, yet the unemployed are
mainly, dependent upon c^ur efforts for
permahfint relief hence wise .legisla
tion, somo tangible, even heroic, ac
tion'oFe^ff.e&nvention will ,lie neces
sary to "relieve us from those, awful
conditions which confront us. Some
action must lie taken by which both
those over-employed and unemployed
may be benefitted and relieved of
their burdens.
The failure of Congress to give heed
to the voice and demands of labor, in
legislation deserves our greatest
The efforts to unite labpr's forces
must be carried on to a successful end.
The programme submitted to the
last conjteiitioii will be reported 'upon,
and it will require all the experience,
tact, judgment, earnestness and, hon
esty of our fellow unionists to take
such action that will protect and fur
ther, the.interests aud welfare ,of: the
trage1 earners in con nection,. with this
'.itt'd allftijiiei:/iijatterft.,'^l4?ia ,will .be
..'..brought befortjour cosixention.
"Now is the, time •.. tljat tries men's
«ouls." -It.requires iajl 'the courage,
virtue and manhood within us to with
stand the fearful havoc the conse
quences of the'inonied power, the cor
porate and Capitalise class, in their
rush to'gratify tlieir avarice and greed.
In this scramble women of labor are
the victimsand children the sacrifices.
Even men without organization, witli
jputiutelligenoe and without tenacity
of purpose to maintain their rights,
are mowed down and crushed beneath
the juggernaut of mammon. The only
hope i'or the perpetuity of the institu
tions of our country, the safety of
women and defense of children, the
protection of onr manhood and the
progress.qf. our race, lies in the oygan-.
izatio.nj'of '$re masses of labor.
demands,$f..'the'toiler# of America.can
only find'intelligent expression 'acid
become'Brystalized into .laws and hab
iis pf daily life by organization in the
unions of labor aud by representation
at the conventions of the American
Federation of Labor.
The representa ion in the conven
tion will be upon the following basis:
International and naiibnal unions with
less than 4,000 members, one delegate
for 4,000 members or'more, two dele
gates for 8,000 members or more,
three delegates for 16,000 members or
more, four delegates for 32,000 mem
bers or more, live delegates, aud so on.
Local, trade or federal' labor unions,
state federations, central labor unions,
trades assembles or trades councils,
•one delegate each. All organizations
•to be entitled to representation must
lave a certificate of affiliation (charter
at least thirty«lays before the date up
on which the convention is to be held.
Any delegate representing a union
must be a member of the union, and if
not a craftsman of the trade union
which sends him, the union must give
the reason why such delegate was
chosen. Delegates must be elected at
least two weeks before the time of
holding the convention and the names
of delegates forwarded to the secretary
The per capita tax or delegate tax
must be paid in full to entitle organ
izations to representation. (See Arti
cle IX, Constitution A. F. of L.)
:Siuce the constitution requires the
secretary to furnish the committee on
credentials at the convention with a
statement ®f the financial standing of
each affiliated body, organizations will
see the neojssity of settling their ac
counts previous to the convention, and
thus aid in the facilitation of the work.
When the delegates are elected sec
retaries of unions will please notify
this office, giving the names and ad
dresses of tlie delegates.
The committee of arrangementshave
secured accommodations for delegates
on the American plan at the St. James
Hotel, at $2 per day. The headquar
ters of the executive council will be at
the St. James Hotel.
Tho trades unions of Denver have
appointed a reception committee, the
members of which will be at the rail
road stations at the times delegates
will notify them of their contemplated
arrival and routes of travel. Dele
gates desirious of being received by
the reception committee should notify
Mr. Roady Kenelian, 1548 Wazel
Street, Denver, Colo.
Special attention is called to the fol
lowing constitutional provision of the
American Federation of Labor. Arti
cle III, Section IV:
"All resolutions of general character
or propositions for changes in the con
stitution shall be sent by delegates
elect or the officers of affiliated organi
zations to the secretary of the A. F.
of L. at least two weeks previous to
the assembling of convention the sec
retary shall have the same compiled
and printed as a programme of busi
ness and mailed to each delegate
elect but this shall not preclude the
introduction of new matter by the con-,
sent of two-thirds of the delegates."
Credentials furnished for delegates.
Again we urge unions to be fully
represented at the Convention.
Yours fraternally,
... Pres. A. F. of L.
Having Eyes, We See Not.
The recent elections .haVo shown
conclusively that tfyere is no way by
which the Government can be wrested
from the control of the eastern money
power save through the ascendancy of
the Populist prrty.
The money power controls both of
the old,parties. -As long as the people
can be kept in line for one or tho other
of the old parties, it matters not with
plutocracy which controls the affairs
of the nation. "What do tho Wall
Street bankers care whether the Dem
ocratic'party is in power or the Re
publican party? It is all the same to
them. They: -, have their collars on
both of the parties, and can use ope to
accomplish their ends just as readily
as the other.
Indeed the money power of the east
lias shown a preference for a change.
If one party should 'lie continued in
power too long, the followers of the
other might get weary with waiting
for thiugs hoped l'or and become de
moralized and stray after other gods,
and thereby mischief might come to
the lords of the execliequer. They are
safe as long as they can keep the peo
ple equally divided between the two
old parties and lighting each other.
How these Wall Street bankerspiust
laugh in their sleeves to think what
dad-gafsted fools the American people
are. Each recurring election the vot
ers divide off and tight each other. At
one election a Republican victory is
declared, and tht next the Democrats
are triumphant, all' the time the
money lords of Wall Street are chuck
ling and gloating over the manner in
which they are working the public.
What fools we mortals be sure enough!
All the time we are fighting each dth
er, the money power is slowly but
surely robbing us and despoiling our
homes, pauperizing our families and
creating beggary for an inheritance
for our children.
First it is Cleveland that the money
power tells the Democrats to nominate,
and they tel^ the Republicans to nomi
nate Harrison. After, the nominations
are made, the money power elects the
one that they think will best serve
.their ends. If tho 'Republicans have
had it last, they will very likely teil
us to elect Cleveland. If the Demo
crats were in power last, they will
likely demand that we elect Harrison
and thus it goes. We work, whoop,
vote, rejoice over the victories just as
though they meant something, when
either victory or defeat means defeat
to us, but victory or defeat means vic
tory to the money power.
How long, oh Lord! will the Ameri
can people be fools and tools of the
money lords of the land? How much
longer will it take the people to get
their eyes open? How many years of
spoliation will the gold gamblers enjoy
before the people open their eyes, to
the fact that they are being first
buncoed and then robbed ana their
children consigned to a life of poverty
andserfdem? How much longer will
this political game of blind man buff
continue?—Dallas Mercury.
Government Ownership.
If our Government owned the rail
roads w,e could go to San Francisco
from Boston for $10, Look at the
proof: Uncle Sam pays the railroads
not quite $275 to transport a loaded
postal car from Bos. on to San Fran
cisco. A passenger car will carry fifty
passengers, which at $10 each, would
be $500 or a clear profit of $225 a car
and this too, after paying 5J per cent,
on watered stock, which is fully 100
per cent, on the the cost of the roads.
To show how our railroads have
watered their stock, I point to the New
York Central & Hudson River Rail
road which, when the. Yanderbilts ob
tained control in 1869 was capitalized
at $49,000,000. They at once watered
it up to $90,000,000, more water has
been added until the present capital
stock is $147,000,000—all but $45,000,
000 being water.
Government ownership would save
the people the gigantic sum of $1,000,
000,000 a year and bring shorter hours
and better.pay to the 70,000 railroad
employes.—The Altrurian.
Is Jiot This a l'retty Picture?
What a superb coward Cleveland is.
When he moves about Washington he
has a brace or two of detectives at his
heels and a bracer inside of his active
wardrobe. When he leaves for New
York and Gray Gables, he rides as
does a prisoner, with his surround of
detectives. He leaves the train in
Jersey City and sneaks to a Govern
ment" vessel in waiting for him, and
thus in state proceeds to Buzzard's
Bay. Returning from his fishing
uuia Blgtltaigj
grounds, lie ia sandwiched between
two detectives, with five more lurking
along ahead or behind him or near
him. Arrived in New York, he en
ters a carriage accompanied by his de
tectives, and thus secures himself
against any assault from Dr. Bryant,
whoso guest he is for the day. He
rides in the park two hours, preceded
by a detective, followed by a detec
tive, with a detective seated beside
him. He rides from New York to
Washington with a detective seated
in front of them, another seated be
hind him, to guard him and protect
him in the enjoyment of his sacred of
ficial life. Tlie wonder is that his
body guard does not handcuff him so
he will not got away, or thai he does
not handcuff his bulldogs to him so
they cannot get beyond his touch.
What a picture in this country! When
comes the time for Grover Cleveland
to change his condition through the
process called death, he will pass on
and no detectives can save him or
help him He will not die till his
time comes, and when it comes it will
come for a fact he will pass on, leav
ing his body behind him. The idea
that he will ever be killed by assassi
nation is absurd. He iiaB killed him
self, and assassins do not kill men al
ready dead. It is possible that these
detectives are to keep Hill from touch
ing him or to keep the poor people
from coming, to him with their peti
tions for sympathy, if nothing more.
Next in order the Goddess of Liberty
will require a fire-proof safe in which
to stand erect looking the world in the
face.—Pomeroy's Advance Thought.
Who Fixes tlie Prices?
The Philadelphia Record, a Cleve
land humbug sheet, under the head of
fooling the farmers, says:
The prlco of wheat and cotton In our own
mantels is fixed by the price at which we can
sell the surplus iu .foreign markets. Our
prices, therefore, go up and down with the
quotations that serve to regulate demand in
the couutries where we sell the over-plus 'of
cotton and wheat that wa cannot ourselves.
consume. The wildest alvocates of protec
tion will not deny those tacts. Yet they have
impudence and dishonesty to assert on the
stump and even in the press tiiattlielow
prices of wheat and cotton are the direct out
coma of Democratic administration, hoping
thus to impose upon the farmers of the coun
try and beguile them into the support of the
protectionist candidates.
Yes, the American wheat exporter
must of course accept the price pre
vailing in the country he ships to. A
seller has little to do in the open mar
ket in fixing the price, unless it can be
done by combinations.
But what the American farmer is
kicking about, and he isn't fooling
cither, is that this country permitted
English capitalists and gold'gamblers
to come over here and dictate legisla
tions that would enable England to
lower the prices of American prod
ucts. By, the demonetization "of silver
the English merchants are enabled to
procure cotton from India at so low a
rate that the United States is about
out of that1 market altogether, as, we
cannot compete with the 9 cents a day
labor of India.
The United States permits itself to
be used by foreign governments to
bring about a condition that ruins oui
production. The Atnerican cotton,
producer does not expect to regulate
foreign markets, but he is entitled to
be treated squarely by his own govern
You poor, starving, shivering citi
zens of America, you have the sym
pathy of the rich who roll in splendor
because you have labored. How the
monopolists do look down,on you with
pity as they drive by in tandem. How
they shed tears at your hunger while
they clink glasses of champagne. How
they sadden for your rags as they
waltz in silks, fine linens and dia
monds in tlie reception halls of pluto
cracy. Yes, they sympathize with
you—as does the lion with tlie lamb.
i'hiBy gamble in your bread to build
palaces to cheapen its cost to you.
They gamble in meat and become mill
ionaires to cheapen that to you. They
gamble in coal and make millions to
prevent you from freezing. They col
lect rent off of you to help you keep a
home. And you vote l'or them. You
vote the tickets they do. You vote
for parties that do their bidding. You
vote for policies tliev tell you to. Sym
pathy, did you say Well, ain't you
got enough of it? How would a good
home, steady employment with the re
tail price of what you produce do for a
change? Wouldn't that be better
than sympathy and a dole of charity
soap? Then vote against the tickets
the monopolists vote. Read up and
be free or remain ignorant on politics
and be a slave.—Coming Nation.
Tliey Arc Tooltusy.
There are many American citizens
who are too busy to think about the
country's needs or perils.
One is "too busy" with something,
another is "too busy" with nothing.
One is "too busy" chasing popular
ity with the ignorant.
Another is "too busy" erecting a fa
bric of wealth that may dissolve in a
Some are "too busy" giving circula
tion to lies and misinformation.
Others are "too busy" like Narciss
us, contemplating their own shadow in
One is "too busy" talking claptrap,
about a political party to get a plum.
Another is "*oo busy" listening and
wondering what a "smart man" a cer
tain politician is.
Some are "too busy" raising corn
and hogs to care what becomes of
other men's liberties.
Others are "too busy" thinking
about dead issues and the dead past
to learn anything about the perilious
And last, but not least, some are "toe
busy" trying to save souls for the next
world, and making no effort to save
them in this.—Virginia Sun.
Populism 3ii»t Dead.
Final returns show that the Wiscon
sin Populists cast 25,530 votes this
year. Xn 1892 they cast 9,909. Fig
ures of this sort rather shake one's
confidence in the oracle who proclaims
loudly that Populism is dead, and
lend "force to the proposition that
substantial unity of Democrats must
be effected if the forces of oligarchy
as represented by the Republican par
ty are to be put to rout.
Money Must Rule, Homes Must Be Taken'
Courts Corrupted and Spies Kmpioyed—
Power of the .Populists and Their Mag
nificent Campaign.
The Ohio Populist publishes the fol
lowing bank circular eminating from
Wall Street: The circular was drop
ped by a prominent broker on the
stock exchange in Chiacgo, and was
picked up by Mr. T. W. Gilruth, then
a reporter on the Chicago Daily Press,
and first published in that paper. The
bankers at once took steps to destroy
the paper. Mr. Gilruth now resides
in Kansas City, Mo. A few days since
the Ohio Populist adressed a letter to
Mr. Gilruth requesting a copy of the
original and its history. We append
his reply.
KANSAS CITY. MO., Oct. 80. 1894.
To The Ohio Populist.
Gentlemen—Your letter dated October 17
arrived this morning and I hasten to answer
it in view of the importance of the request
you make, and inclose you a copy of t}ie doc
ument known as the vValt Street Letter." It
Is a genuine emanation from the people who
are engaged in an attempt to destroy "A Gov
ernment of the people, uy the people and for
the people," and establish in lieu thereof a
Government of plutocracy, long-winded
titles, oppression and slavery for the masses.
1 had the Wall Street letter published in the
Chicago Daily Press, which resulted in the
bankers taking such steps as destroyed the
paper. The tress Is no longer published.
1 was bord at Worthington. Franklin Coun
ty. Ohio, April 6, 1843. My father. Rev. James
Uilruth, wag well known all over the state
years ago.
He has an abolitionist concerning chattel
slavery. 1 am an abolitionist concerning wage
slavery. Yours fraternally,
Here is the circular. Read it.
Think over it. Ye boastful yeomanry
of a (once) glorious republic. We
must be robbed of our homes. We
must be made a tenantry, that we may
not "quarrel with our rulers." Is
there a man iu. this plague stricken
land who has a drop of patriotic blood
in his body, whose heart will not file
with indignation, and whose spirit
will not rebel against such diabolical
treachery as this? Read it, friend,
and if it "doesn't make a Populist out
of you, we must decide that you are
the one ortlieother of-the two things^
a fool or a tool.
WALL STUEET, N. Y., March 31, 1892.
Developments abroad this-week have been
quite as important as those at home. The ap
pointment of a receiver for. the speculative
banking house of Murrits & Co.: Chun a long
agony among capitalists, and is a long step
towards the Ilnal liquidation Of England's
latest. Ilnancial folly. The continental crisis
which has long been pending seems to be at*
The failure of the leading banking house at
St. Petersburg a few days ago, the suspension
of a Paris bank to-day, more intense ilnancial
distrust in Spain and .Portugal, and the polit
ical complications at Berlin, all point mlstak
abiy to a climax of the wreLched condition of
financial and political affairs that has existed
upon the continent lor years.
It Is not to be wondered at that the Ameri
can market, no matter how souud and healthy
it may be, should stand still in the face of
these events, and the others of which they are
the precursors.
London having relieved itself of a surfeit of
securities extensive sales of its holding of
Americans, and by so doing has filled her
bann vaults with American gold, is in a po
sition to take care of its holdings of Argentine
securities, for which there is practically no
market at present.
English banners, brokers add investors cer
tainly will not touch continental securities
unless they should fall in value to such lig
ures that might tempt bargain hunters, for all
of these securities have been tabooed lu the
London market and will continue to be until
capitalists determine whether or not to bring
a general war between European nations,
it is reasonable to assume, therefore, that the
minor and local Ilnancial troubles of the con
tinent will be limited to those who aro locally
responsible for them—that is, as far as the'
misfortunes of any nation can be coniineil
within its own territory.
Out of all this disorder abettor and sounder
condition of affairs will be developed by the
imperalism of capital, but tne process of
reaching that basis will inevitably bo slow,
tedious and costly. A .cold basis for money
circulation must lirst bs established.
We must proceed with, caution and guard
well every move made, for the lower orders of
the people are already showing signs of rest
less (o'.vimotion.
Prudence will therefore dictate a policy ot
apparent yielding to tlie popular will, until all
•jf our plans are so l'ar consummated that we
can declare our desigua without fear of any
•jrjia ilzed resistance.
The Farmers' Alliance and Knights of Labor
iii the United States should bo care, ul jy
matched by our trusted men, and we mils,
iake inlineJiate steps to either control these
3r^ani/. itious in our interest, or to disrupt
At the coming Omaha convention to be held
Julv -l. our men must attend and direct its
movements, else there will ba set on loot such
an antagonism to our designs as may require
force to overcome. Tills at the present time
would be premature we are not yet ready for
buch a crisis.
Capital must protect itself in every possi
ble manner, through combination and legisla-
^Tlio courts must be called to our aid, debts
must be collected, bonds and mortgages fore
closed as rapidly as possible.
When, through process of law, the common
people have lost tneir homes they will be
ii actable and easily governed through the .u
tiuenee oi the strong arm of Government-ap
plied by a central power of imperial wealth
tinder the eontrol of leading llnanciers.
A people without homes will not quarrel
with their rulers. History repeats itself in
regular cycles this truth is well known
among our principal men now engaged iu
forming an Imperialism of capital to govern
the world.
While they are aoing this, the people must
9 kept in a condition of antagonism.
The question oi tariff relorhi must be urged
be kept
throufA tUe organization known as the Demo,
cratic party! And the question of protection
with reciprocity must be forced to public-
through the Kepublican party.
By thus dividing the voters we can get them
to expend their energies in light.ng each other
over questions of no importance to us, excep
us tethers to lead the common herd.
Thus, by discreet action, we can secure al
that has been so generously planned, and thus
far successfully accomplished.
I Signed H. ZIMMERMAN, Secretary.
To the Bankers' and Brokers' Central Com
mittee of Chicago, III.
Keep on tlie Armor.
^Napoleon is credited with the saying
ihat in a conflict at arms that the side
was victorious which first renewed the
offensive and went in search of the
next battle. In a measure this is true
in politics. The party sustaining ap
parent defeat may resume the conflict
immediately after election in a manner
presaging ultimate victory.
The Republican party, flushed with
success, will doubtless do little during
the next two years except quarrel over
the spoils of office. The Democratic
party, discomfited, disorganized, over
whelmed with defeat, will so long de
bate whether to disband, reorganize,
go over to the Populists or form a new
party, that their previous prowess will
have gone glimmering and their op
portunity to rally their forces and
achieve victory in"'9G will have passed
from their erasp.
Will the Peoples party avail itself of
the opportunity now afforded to im
mediately renew the conflict all along
the line and push forward to final vic
tory in the next presidential campaign
This much desired end can bo attained
if the necessary onward march is
promptly and properly made. But
the work must commence'at once—
throughout every state, county and
voting precinct. Speakers must be
kept in the field expounding tlie prin
ciples of the Omaha platform. Reform
books aud phamplets and leaflets must
be purchased, even by those .who can
but poorly spare the money, industri
ously circulated and brought to the
notice of those honest voters in the old
parties who have not gpt their eyes
People's party papers must be sub
scribed for, loaned to neighbors, and
better supported financially. Reform
editors, especially, must keep in the
harness, hew to the line as before, and
refuse to be drawn away from the path
of duty by glittering bubbles seeming
to emanaie, from the basin of pros
perity. Individual work in the line of
political reform must be pushed with
energy in every walk of life. And
work will win there will be no victory
without it.
Let every man who voted the Pop
ulist ticket at the recent election be
up and doing, looking about him in
search of tho next battle. Keep on
tlie armor, move steadily forward and
the next great battle of the ballot will
give us the executive and both houses
of Congress. Then the rule of the
people will be firmly established.—
Chicago Sentinel.
What Do tlie People Ejtpect?
Why should tho people rehabilitate
the Republican party
Is there the remotest idea that the
Republican party changed?
Is it not the same old corrupt party
that went out out with Harrison
If it was so corrupt as to deserve de
feat two years ago, why should it be
reinstated now?
If it spent a billion dollars of the
people's money in one year under Har
rison, will it not do the same again
Has it changed or done works mete
for repentance since it startled the
country by its corruption and frauds?
Is the 'defeat of the Democrats by
the election of the Republicans not a
change of.parties without any change
of principles or politics?
How supremely ridiculous'it is for
the people to jump out of the frying
pan into the fire, to chango from one
corrupt party to another equally cor
Both of the old parties have been
condemned for" their corruption and
debauobory Of the public trust. Why
should the .people not condemn both
and try a now party
If a- business main shouJd discharge
one employe because he had. robbed
his safe aud employ another who also
robbed him, would it be common sense
for the business man to discharge this
second man and employ again the first
one who robbed him
That is precisely what the people
have done at the late election. They
discharged the Republicans in 1892 for
robbery and corruption, and in 189-1
discharged the Democratic party for
the same cause and employed the Re
publican party again.
Are the American people a set of
fools Do the people understand what
liberty means, or are they only fit to
be slaves and serfs? Are the Ameri
can people capable of self-government
If so, they have not so declared by
their actions. Is not the political ac
tion of the American people the most
nonsensical and ridiculous that was
ever witnessed
Magnificent Itesalts.
Although the monopolistic daily
press is systematically suppressing re
turns of the Populist vote, enough in
formation can be gathered to show
tliat not less than two rtiillith votes
have been polled. This in itself is a
magnificent victory, and one that the
most enthusiastic reformer may well
bo proud of. Nobody expected that
the People's party was going to "sweep
the country." All that was expected
was a largely increased vote—aud that
has been attained. Let this vote be
doubled in tho next two years and it
means victory in 1896.
The outlook never was more hopeful
than at tho present moment. Tho
chances are all in favor of a rapid and
healthy increase of strength in the
next two years.
Under Cleveland's administration
there will bo no rallying of the Demo
cratic forces. On the contrary it
means a rapid disintegration of the
Democratic party. A few Democrats
will go to the Republican party where
they belong. Tho greater portion,
however, will naturally alfiilate with
the People's party. The Republican
landslide (through Democratic in
difference), will so inflate the leaders of
tho g. o. p. that dissensions will in
evitably arise—and destruction follow.
We predict a bigger row in the liepub
lican camp during tho next two years
than there has been in the Democratic
party during the last two.
And more than all, the bard times
will continue. Those men who have
foolishly voted the Republican ticket,
believing that it would result in
better times, will soon see their fatal
mistake. All of which will tend to
strengthen and build up the third
party. The one thing to do this is to
rally the forces on with the fight.—
Chica'go Express.
A Magnificent Campaign.
At no time in the history of this
country .has there been a political cam
paign conducted on a higher plane of
principle, under greater disadvantages,
against more obstinate and powerful
adversaries, and with more uniform
and general advancement than the
campaign of. the People's party in the
election of 1894.
Without money, they held monster
meetings of tho people and made mag
nificent demonstrations of enthusiasm
and strength, Without a daily press,
they combated the sophistry of the old
politicians and scattered broadcast
millions of phamplets and documents
containing unanswerable arguments
favoring their-party principles. With
out bribery or official patronage, they
rallied to their snpport the honest,
thinking, independent voters of the
land—the great heart, so to speak, of
the common people of the Republic.
In the face of the combined opposi
tion of both old parties, against an un-
The Power of tlie Popui!
ceflsing avalanche of ridicule, decep
tion, misrepresentation, contumely and
fraud, the banner of the people has
been carried gallantly and steadily
forward and now waves defiantly in'
front of the stronghold of the enemy.
It was like the cool and steady ad
vance of a long line of fixed bayonets
in the hand's of an army of veterans.
Aye, it was a magnificent campaign,
TVlient 10 Cent*.
Wheat selling for 19 cents a bushel 1
Think of it! The mainstay of man
kind's existence, that from which
comes the staff of life, selling for the
paltry sum of 19 cents a bushel! It is
almost beyond belief. g*.*
To the Palouse County it is a t«ri
ble calamity. To our financial JMODI
ests it is almost as bad as a toIuKjss
of the crop. At this price the co^i of
harvesting will consume the entire
poceeds. ,ujr*
The average cost of a
twenty-five bushel to the acr^Bbp is
18 cents per bushel. Six centsMi cut
it, cents to thresh it, 4 cents to sack
it, and 2A cents to haul it to market,
making a total of 18 cents, to say
nothing of warehouse charges. Where
is the farmer's pay for the long, hard
days spent in seeding? And where is
his tax and interest money and store
bills to come from
Arise in this market is hoped for,
but at present all eyes are turned
toward tiie railroad companies for re
fief. They are now getting almost as
much for hauling the wheat to market
—Mi cents—as the farmer gets for
raising it. It may be that the profits
are not so large as tliat. butnt i.4royal
remuneration as compared withjjjjhat..
the farmer gets for raising it.—Enter
prise, Garfield. Wash.
Conditions In England.
The power of an advancin^VKrmy is
better evidenced by its abilityro fight,
sustain defeat, move forward and
fight again, than by the capture of
isolated and unimportant though for
tified positions. So, too, the real
or possessed to-day by the Peo
ple's party far transcends the power it'
possessed two years ago, when it car
ried live states, cast twenty-three elee-i
toral votes, and sent to Congress six
teen of its representative men.
To-day we havo fewer offices but
more votes. To-day we have- the satis-1
faction of seeing the People's party,
taking second place in several states:
of the union—it can no longer be:
termed the third party.
To-day we hold tho balance of pow
er in the national Government—the
Democrats the Executive, the Repub
licans the lower House, and the Pop
ulists that head-center of monopoly,
the Senate. To-day we number at.
least 2,000,000 voters—honest, enthu
siastic, working voters—each of whom
will bring t' roo recruits into 'the next
conflict. The People's partwtfmda
to-day a young athlete in the ioHa of
politics—too honest to h^jj^ireuled,
too powerful to be ignJ3flft 'too de
termined in purpose to ted with
disrespect, Verily, tlie-' Populists
have become a power in American pol
Bla!nfi Taught Vopnliatii.
James G. Blaino, in referring to the
fight to kill silver as money of redemp
tion, used these propnetic words on
floor of the House, February 7,
I believe the strugg now going on in thi3
country and other countr.es lor a single stand
ard would, if success, ul, produce widespread
disaster in and throughout the commercial
world. The destruction silver as money
and the establishment of gold as the sole unit
of value, must have a ruinous ellect upon all
lormsof prosperity, except those investments
which yield a lixed return in money. Those
would be enormously enhanced in value and
would gain a isproportionate and unfair ad
vantage over every other species of property.
If, as the most reliable statistics affirm, ther*
are nearly-Sr.UKl.'OJ.OUO or coin or- bullion In
the world not very unc nuUly dtvtd&tlwl
gold and silver, it Is iinpusslblfrtostttte•"
out of existence as mou*y wiiauCrwssVe^
will prove distressing to Imii ft
disastrous to tens o( ihousaaM^L.
According to Leon Levi the n^lmber
of producers in Great Britain.^bots"up
10,048,000, and their income^ £i50.
000,000: the nnmber of non-piaU3|Bp
is 4,350,000, and their income aHHniy
from land interests and the la®^ of
others is £800,000,000. Thus tlidVe are
6,118,000 more producers than there
are non-producers, yet they draw
$400,000,000 less than the non-pro
ducers. There are many millions of
of idle land held by the aristoc
racy for parks, pleasure grounds and
forests for game where the nabobs,
hunt and spend their worthless lives
in luxury.
Under this wise syslem of govern
ment, that Mr. Cleveland desires to
imitate, .and whose sanction is a con
dition precedent to our coining silver,
there are 5,000,000 paupers and one in
five—that is, one-fifth of the. popnla
lation of London—(lie pauperis and 90
per cent, of the fmidueers of? .wealth
have such a meager income th^t^Sey
can .scarcely keep soul. and .bo^p' to
This is the condition of tl/e pro
ducers of wealth in England^£More is
spent than is produced. 'S^K, how
does tlie country keep up would
naturity ask. It can be anWered by
stating that all the balance of the
wcrld, including the United States,
makes voluntary contributions of mil
lions of dollars annually to make up
for the waste of these English lords
and dukes. The United States is in
the lead asja voluntary contributor to
this English snobbery. About one
third of the products of American la
bor goes to help replace this waste of
the English nabobs. This has been
going on for vears. The 'people who
produce wealth have been voting to
continue this British robbery of Amer
ican labor, but they are slowly getting
their eyes open. The time is not far
distant' wheh the people of the United
Stdtes will saw off this annual volun
tary contribution to support tho lords,
dukes and duchesses of England.
When England is once forced to de
pend on its own country for support,
the Britain will leai'n a lesson that
will prove valuable. They will then
find it necessary to dispense
of this ornamental business,^•fcr^in
crease the means of productio^y and
the wages of labor.

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