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iW. «. t- f* i. ff wit was after the Monitor-Merriinac contest said to the world that wooden 11 war ships were no longer fit to carry a nation's flag into action. A billion dollars or more has been spent by the various naval powers in building and S^'"" equipping various designs of steel-clad 6,' *onsters s. Hr 1 1 & '1 !-A '4s s'i cA Great 'Battle of 40 Years Ago. rtmac. the Second.Dhy's Terrific 'Battle Be ^(twemthe Monitor and the Merrimac... As Witnessed by the Editor of the Leader. v**. +&**> On Saturday the 8th day of March, l8#2, forty years ago, a naval battle was fought at the mouth of the James river, Virginia, the result of which has caused all maritime nations from that day to this to struggle for supremacy on the. water, and the determination of the great powers to excel in monster steel-clad baiile ships is as fierce to-day 7 with which to overmatch and aestrov the fleets of an enemy, and no "'V nation has arrived at definite results %ith reference to perfection in this line. England leads the world in the ji number of fighting machines, with France, Germany, Russia, Japan and United States following Great Britain closely in this marvelous contest for supremacy on the ocean. Torpedo and submarine boats are now included in naval estimates as part of the offensive and defensive power of the navy in all countries, and the end of this contest to produce the most destructive ma- chines, is no nearer a practical solution than when the world began to con struct iron and steel steam war ships to replace the old wooden hulks that had rendered such magnificient service in their day. There were no better wooden war ships in any navy than those which swung at anchor at the mouth of the James river and off Fortress Monroe on that beautiful March morning in 1862, when the writer saw the black smoke and then the hull of the Merrimac as she emerged from the Elizabeth river and turned below Craney island and headed direct for Newport News, where the Cumberland and Congress were swinging at anchor on the turn of the tide. Saturday March 8,1862, was a day made memorable in the history of the world's wars. It was an ideal day for battle. The air was warm and the waters of the bay were as smooth as glass. All nature was smiling and the trees around the grand old fortress were budding into leaf. The bay was full of shipping, including about one hundred schooners loaded with sup plies for McClellan's army that was soon to come. In that vast array of marine craft there was only one steam war vessel fit to do battle—the gallant Minnesota, a sister vessel to the Merri mac before her destruction at Norfolk when our forces abandoned that place in 1861. The Minnesota was one of the best wooden war ships afloat, but help less when matched against the Merri mac. The detail to which the writer be longed was stationed at the water battery that morning. It was an old fashioned affair containing 44 guns, mostly 32 pounders, and was a relic of days when 32 pound cannon were ef fective. We watched the great big monster steam up toward the Cumber land and Congress, and by the time her character and purpose was understood, everything on shore and on land was bnstle and excitement. The Minnesota slipped her cable and started for New port News, the Roanoke, another fine steam frigate, but with broken shaft, was taken in tow and started for the battle, the St. Lawrence a great big 50 gun sailing frigate was also taken in tow by a powerful tug boat and headed for the conflict. None of them got there. The Minnesota ran onto a sand bar, the Roanoke got aground off Sew ell's point, and the St. Lawrence was too unwieldy to do anything with and was abandoned by the tug. This was the condition of affairs about the time the Merrimac gave the Congress a broadside as she passed on to reach the Cumberland, anchored in mid cbannel. At least twenty-five thousand sold iers and sailors of both sides were watching this new war monster as she approached the Cumberland. We of the union thought the Cumberland could easily sink the big black hulk as she moved slowly through the water. The contest opened with the shore batteries under command of General Mansfield, and the Cumberland and Congress were pouring their broad sides at the Merrimac who paid little heed to the iron balls raining on her sides. She continued to advance and steered for position to ram the Cumberland, sailing vessel and helpless without wind. When the Merrimac got her position she advanced with a full head of steam striking the Cumberland with her iron ram tearing a great hole in her aide through which the water rushed, causing her to sink in about fifteen to twenty minutes. The Cumberland went down with her colors flying and part of the mizzen mast was visible above the water even when the war was over. Brave Morris and his gallant crew fought until the water was up to the last gun and then all went into the river together. The Merrimac lost her ram when the Cumberland began to sink, and after getting free she turned towards the GO gun frigate Congress which bad slipped her cable and had drifted onto the sand beach close up to the Newport News batteries. The battle between the The destruction of the Wooden Frigates Cumberland and Congress by the Mer- Merrimao and Congress was' of short duration, because the Congress was set on fire early in the action and her des truction was only a question of time. Her commander, Joe Smith, had his head shot off by a cannon ball from the Merrimac. and then the white flag went up, but the shore batteries and riflemen on shore continued to rain their harmless shot and shell on the new engine of war, nntil she drew off and turned down the bay towards the Minnseota, also helpless on a sandbar. By this time the St. Lawrence had got back to her anchorage along with the Roanoke. The Merrimac gave the Minnesota a few shots as she passed at long range, as the tide was ebbing fast, and then proceeded to a temporary anchorage for the night under the iron casemated battery at Sewell's point. Dark indeed were the war clouds that evening. Gloom everywhere. Total defeat and destruction was the only picture we could see for the mor row. The Cumberland sunk, the Congress burning, the Minnesota, our only steam frigate, fast aground, the Roanoke and St. Lawrence powerless for defense, and only one gun at the fortress power ful enough to sink the iron terror. After the Cumberland went down, hundreds of sailing vessels hoisted their sails and slowly drifted out to wards the capes hoping for a breeze to take them away. The Brandywine, used as a hospital ship, once a famous frigate, was taken in tow and rushed up to Baltimore. It was in the Brandy wine that Lafayette sailed back to France in 1825 after the tour of the states. All sailing vessels but the war ships were gone before dark. A num ber of steamers remained, but they wereBwift enough to escape in the morning if necessary. This was the condition of affairs as the shades of night closed in and over the bloody waters of Hampton roads. The night of March 8, 1862, was memorable also, for during the early hours the Moniter steamed into the harbor ready for the fray in the morn ing. The writer had post No. 1, away down the beach that night and went on duty at 8 o'clock, with strict orders to allow no row boats to pass or repass within hailing distance. The night was still and calm with stars shining brightly overhead, and floating over the bloody waters filled with thousands upon thousands of dead fish, was a mist or fog sufficiently high to hide a row boat. We could tell the hours and half hours by the bells on the war ships and at about 0:201 heard the oars of a large boat being used rapidly and I knew from the sound that the boat was on an important mission. It was my duty to hail the boat, and I shout ed: "Boat, ahoy!" but got no answer. I repeated the challenge and still I got no answer. I was getting mad, and shouted again: "Come ashore or I'll shoot." I couldn't see the boat for the fog, but I was going to shoot at the sound, and just as I had raised my Remington rifle, a voice answered. "We are coming In a few moments, I never could estimate the time, a great fine 8 oared boat rushed up out of the water six or seven feet on the sand beach where I stood. I was surprised at the suddeness of the thing, but imagine my surprise when the answer came. "V hat boat is that?" "The Monitor's boat, Lieutenant Worden in command. For God's sake don't detain me." "What do you want," I replied. "A pilot to go to the relief of the Minnesota," answered Lieut. Worden. I called no officer of the guard or SV- Merrimac Ramming the Cumberland. anyone else, but gave Lieut. Worden the necessary direction where to land and that he would find an escort inside the fort where Gen. Wool was hard at work preparing for the seemingly one-sided struggle of tomorrow. At 10 o'clock 1 was relieved and on my re turn to the water battery I told the boys what I had challenged. They wouldn't believq me, because none had heard a word or intimation that the Monitor had left New York. Next morning bright and early we were all scanning the bay for a monster war ship, as we believed the Monitor to be, but nowhere could we see a sign of her. My joy turned to disgust and I stood the jibes of my comrades in silence. The Minnesota is striking the s§nd bar swung nearly broadside to the fort and on the other side of her big wooden walls lay the little Monitor, which was also concealed from the rebel officers on the Merrimac, and no one would have mistrusted that the Monitor was a warrior bold or dangerous, nothing but "a cheese box on a raft," as a rebel named her, if she had been lying ont in the bay alone ready for battle. The morning was along and anxious one, as we watched the Merrimac get up steam and dispatch boats flying be tween her and Sewell's point. The Merrimac was in no hurry. She had a dead sure victory ahead because she could destroy every wooden vessel in the bay and do it at long range. Short ly after 10 o'clock -the Yorktown, a rebel sidewbeel walking beam steam er started ont towards the Minnesota for the evident purpose of demanding the surrender of the helpless union frigate, but her mission was suddenly cut short by the appearance of the little Monitor crawling out from nnder the bow of the big wooden frigate. One shot from the Monitor caused the York town to retreat rapidly. The Merri mac was under way at the time and the Moniter advanced boldly towards her big dangerous looking antagonist. They approached within half a mile of each other when the Monitor opened with one of her two 11 inch smooth bore guns. The Merrimac was terribly surprised for, instead of acoepting the challenge, she turned backward in a circle, evidently to gain time and study the strange little war ship which hit her such a solid blow at the first shot. The Merrimac swung around in a circle and again headed for the Moni tor. Then began the greatest battle of modern times, the most wonderful con test the world has ever known. On one side was the great big powerful looking victorious Merrimaci on the other the untried little Monitor with her turret and two guns. Lient. Worden knew what the Merrimac had accom plished, he didn't know what the Moni tor could do, but his faith and courage were boundless and he was willing to go down with his little ironclad if necessary to prove his devotion and faith in the new Ericsson Monitor. The battle grew hot and furious, each commander determined to sink his antagonist, and they tried every means by ram and powder driven ball to win the day. Yon can liken them onto two gladiators seeking a vital spot to strike a fatal blow. Both were low in the water and many of the great big can non balls would miss the mark and awar they would go plowing a foam ing path over the surface of the placid water. In the little square box on the Monitor's bow, which yon will notice in the picture, was stationed Lient. Worden. It was the pilot house, with very narrow slits to peep through. With thundering force a great shell from the Merrimac exploded against one of the peep wholes while Worden was gazing out at the enemy. The concussion frdm the explosion almost blinded the commander, and the force of the impact nearly raised the roof from the little pilot house. Lieut. Greene took command after Worden retired almost blind. The battle went on, each hitting and missing by turn, but the ironclad gladiators kept pound ing away nntil the Merrimac made an attempt to ram the Monitor and only got in a glancing blow, and at this moment a shot from the Monitor struck the Merrimac well under her battle The Monitor and Merrimac at Close Range. protected iron bottom which proved the winning blow of the struggle, in fact it Bellied the fight because the Merrimac began to leak and was oblig to retreat and make haste to reach the dry dock at Gosport navy yard, where she arrived with nearly six feet of water in her hold. The reason the Monitor didn't follow was because her crew were almost exhausted—nearly unfit for duty, owing to a lack of venti lation. It was a glorious victory. It was not a drawn battle. The Merrimac had bollats fpntant fyanbet. $11 er berettiget til inbfyolbet ubett forbe= ftolb, 5Det er bit. SSJlift iffe martetappen ffiftet til niSgteit, ba ittgeit ltfigle toil blitte prfioet foruben beitne tiebfjeftet. ftitgen be .tjent fan faa en nflgle. $i »eb iffe fyrnlfe n5gler aabner faSfeit. 3lt gibe 2)etn en anlebning til at oinbe en ftor fontant pratnie, er bare en liben bel af be mange forbele ti tilbtjber bore funber. SSi fjar ben ftflrfte tiarebefyolbniitg og Ijaanbterer mere enb bobbelt faa mange rer fom itogen anben butif bt)en. Si fjar fapital til at betale fontant for ttore Barer, fjdber bent ftore partier og opnaar faale= be§ be lauefte prifer. Sigefaa oeb at fjaanb* Jere ftorre fttantiteter af oarer f)ar toi raab til og Ijaanbterer bem rneb en minbre for tjenefte og fparer faalebeS bore funber en ftor fum paa bereS aarlige iitbfjob. Sit farmerite Sincoltt (£0. oeb og fatter pri§ paa bette faftum oifer fig f»t»er bag. SJefog Dor butif og berpaa fjoemfomljelft af bore folegaer og fe Ijoor folfemiingben er. ©e fjoor folfet fjober bereS oarer!x ©p8rg faa fjorerne paa jernbaneftafjonen, f)t)em to retreat—the Monitor was master. How the nnion boys did shout and cheer when they saw the victor of the first day ran away from the "insigni ficant little cuss," as one of the soldier boys called the Monitor. It was a world epoch battle. It was a battle that made all nations wonder. It was a battle that destroyed the wooden war ships of the world. It was a battle that turned the inventive genius of man into new channels. It was a battle that sent foreign war ships to Hampton roads with all speed, and it was a battle that saved, perhaps. Balti more and Washington. I stood on the ramparts of the fort and watched it from the opening to the close, and at one time we divided onr clothing and rations-with the survivors of the Cumberland and Congress, wounded, hungry and half naked, who had arrived from Newport News and joined the soldier boys on the ram' parts in praying and hoping for vi& tory. How the poor fellows cheered when they saw the Merrimac run, Some got on their knees and prayed with tears" running down their faces, while others shouted like crazy men. For the next two days I assisted in hunting up pieces of the bodies of the hundred or more brave fellows who were blown to pieces when the fire reached the magazine of the Congress, and buried them. Hundreds of wag- on'loads of dead flsh could have been collected along the beach killed by con. cussion during the terrible cannonade between the iron clads. On the 9th of May, two months after the famous battle, my regiment was part of the force to storm the intrench ments around Norfolk, and that night, near midnight, I sat on top of a cap tured.32 pounder, within a mile of the Merrimac and saw her burn and finally blow up, but no lives were lost, as she had Jjeen deserted and fired.' We had a strong fleet moving on Norfolk, among1 futfttt $roe. »iff $ouMt Stoct. (Santoit, ©o. $afota. $400.00 plb IwrtgM fire forffjeflifle trfifninger, f)»er paa *100. $t fyar ijeitfat wort mnbu cit faSfe, ittbeljolbeitbe $100 gulb. 25cc er 2000 "^9 til beitite faSje, fiooraf Bare 5 aafmer laafett. 9Jleb f)tter 50 cent fontnut tjaue gt biKet, jefs af bisfe feerettiger big tit eit ttfigle. $et ail fige: en ndgle 3bie them the Monitor, Minnesota and Gal ena, but the Merrimao answered no challenge that day. We did not know the Merrimac was coming out to destroy, and few knew the Monitor was out of New York when she arrived at Fort Monroe, hence there were no regular newspaper correspondents present. I saw it all and I can see the tragedy and glorious victory today as fresh and as plain as forty years ago. A half circle of rebel batteries beginning at Sewell's point, including Lambert's point, Craney Island to Pigs point at the mouth of the Nansemond, were all pouring their fire at the union vessels the first day. It Was half a circle of fire and smoke, but the battery fire was not effective. The pictures representing the Merri mac ramming the Cumberland the first day and the action between the Moni tor and Merrimac next day, were made specially for the LEADER, and are true pictures. One represents the moment the monBter ram of the Merrimac crushed the woodeu side of the noble Cumberland, and the other just as the Monitor and Merrimac closed in for decisive action. A photograph of the events represented could give you no truer representation of that wonderful scene. The Merrimac had tried to ram the Monitor and only struck a glancing blow. The pictures repre sents the Merrimac as she swung away from the Monitor after having hit the blow that decided the battle. $24,000 Laud Deal. Dr. Lewis ,and J. G. Laxson went over to Scotland last week to look for some good land and they evidently found what they went after. They bought one section of land, or rather two half sections in Hutchinson county within two miles of Scotland, for which they paid $24,000 in cash. One of the half section farms has a modern home and fine out buildings with a fine large orchard and other valuable improve ments. Messrs. Laxson and Lewis could have taken $960 for their bargain half an hour after they closed the deal, but the land is not for sale just now or for some time. They expect to double their money before selling. Bring in yoilr Eggs at once to the Cantpn branch of the Red Wing Butter & Egg Co. and get the benefit of the pre vailing high prices. Don't de lay. Eggs will drop in price soon. J. B. RYAN, Mgr. lfte af be 5 nflgler til at aabne tar $50.00. 2bett ,, 5te .. tt faar be ftflrfte la§ af mannfaftur* og *olo= itialoarer. @p5rg fommisjjonarentcljwem faar mere enb tyafobelen af fmor og ag bragt til bgen. Xi til en paa foaret oil blioe, $ucfett S3ro8. $0i3 bu fjar nogeit aarfag for iffe at Bare blanbt bet ftabigt ooffenbe antal af funber af tlje 23ig double ©tore, befir oS rneb et befiig. $i oil garantere bet iffe oil tage nogeit lang pritoe til at ooerbeoife big orn, at tti fan ffaffe big be famine oarer for minbre penge, eller bebre oarer for be famnte penge enb bu Ijar faaet nogeit anben plabs. SJig double ©tore, (Santon, @0. $afota. 1 Of course this sketch is in brief, be cause it would take four pages of the LEADER to cover all the details of those memorable two days, forty years ago, that came under the observation of the writer, who was a member of Co. "H" 10 New York Zouaves. 25,00 15'00 IZ —For Your— We always have a large stock of choice meats of all kinds. Free delivery to all parts of the Rerneu Hanson's NEW RESTAURANT. South Main Street. Everything new. Service first class. Regular Meals 25c. LlaijcH CoUqler* Open day and night. BERNEY HANSqjjf First Door Sodth Hanson's Harness Shop. City Restaurant. THE PLAGE TO DINE. That's what people wane to do when hungry, and when hungry visit the City Restaurant. Board by day or week- Yoii Will Find Everything lunch Coautcr in Connection. A full line of confection ery, tobacco and cigars. 1 Chas. Reynolds, Two Doors West of P.O. Canton.