OCR Interpretation


Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, December 09, 1904, Image 3

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1904-12-09/ed-1/seq-3/

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Secretary Wilson's annual report
gives some curious figures in an ef
fort to bring within average compre
hension the magnitude and value of
the farm products of thl3 nation. The
farmers of the United States are now
producing yearly commodities worth
nearly $5,000,000,000. To most of us
such figures really mean little. Our
minds cannot grasp what they stand
for. Only by comparisons can we get
any definite Idea of their meaning. The
products of the last two years
^United States exceeded in Value
put of all the gold mines of the
since Columbus discovered
itlfta. American farm products of
the last year were worth' four times
the value of all t&e minerals produced
in this country three times the gross
receipts of all the railways six times
the combined capital of all our nation
al banks. With their corn crop alone
American farmers could at once pay
off the entire national debt, principal
and accrued interest, and have nearly
enough left to pay national expenses
for another year.
i."
Tha secrets of the Mormon endow
ment house may be revealed when the
hearings in the case of Senator Reed
Smoot are resumed by the Senate Com
mittee on Privileges and Elections.
The opposition to Senator Smoot will at
tempt to show that the Mormon people
In this ceremony renounce allegiance
to the United States. The robes worn
will be exhibited, and so far as possi
there will be a reproduction of the
By itself. During the previous
all of the Mormon witnesses,
[fig the apostles, refused to re
endowment house secrets, in
sisting that they were bound by secret
oath, but admitted there had been no
change in the oath and ceremony Since
thefoundatlon of the church. Now
the opposition will produce witnesses
who were once Mormons, but have re
nounced the church, three of whom
have been through the endowment
house ceremony, one as late as 1808.
p--:
Notice has been seat out announc
ing that it has been decided to abolish
cabinet dinners this winter. This is
the result of consideration on the Pres
ident's part, and of Mrs. Roosevelt, to
gether with the cabinet hostesses.
Hereafter each member of the cabinet
will entertain the chief executive and
Ihta wife on' any date which may be
•i™"4" able to the President, but the
apany Invited to meet them will be
Entirely optional with the hoot It no
longer will be obligatory to Invite all
the cabinet officials and their families
or any portion of them. The guest
list, however, must be submitted to
the President for approval, bat outside
of this restriction, the list is open for
all personal and political friends of the
host. ...
There is a determined move among
Republican leaders now in Washing
ton to suppress and discourage all talk
of tariff revision at this time. Only
the most guarded statements are be
ing made by men known to be in fa
vor of revising some of the tariff
schedules. It is believed that the Re
publican House leaders will take up
the question on the quiet soon after
Congress convenes, however, and that
If a feasible plan for revision can be
devised and an agreement reached
among themselves as to what Is neces
sary and how it shall be done, Presi
dent Roosevelt may then be advised
and a special session of Congress call*
to carry out the program.
necond Assistant Postmaster Gen
Shallenger and bis assistants are
cleared of any suspicion of wrongdo
ing In connection with the award of
railway mall contracts as a result of
the Investigation of bis office recently
completed. No Illegal collusion has
been found between any government
official and the railway managers, but
a recommendation may be sent to Con
gress as a result of this inquiry to ef
fect changes In the method of award
ing these contracts. There is a well
grounded opinion that the system of
competitive bids should be introduced
so far as possible.
i-.
The case known as the Fayerweath
er will case was decided by the Su
preme Court of the United States in
favor of the colleges. The case In
volves a bequest of about $2,500,000,
made to twenty different colleges by
the late Daniel G. Fayerweather, a
leather merchant of New York, who
died in 1890. The will was attacked
by Mr. Fayerweather, widow, and two
nieces, fraud being charged.
earnest effort will be made at
session of Congress to secure the
ctment of laws for the better pro
tection of. the President Two years
ago both the House and the Senate
passed bills with this object in view,
and the conferees agreed upon a sub
stitute, which was adopted by the
House. The Senate failed, however, to
act upon it.
All told session of Congress brings
to Washington anywhere from 3,000 to
fi,000 transients. The 500 Senators and
Representatives bring with them sev
eral thousand camp followers, who
have or hope to have government em
ployment, of sfme kind during the ses
sion. There may also be noticed a dis
tinct movement In this direction of rep
resentatives of special interests of
many kinds which need watching at
the national capital while the legisla
tors are hero.
It."
The hens of the American farm
.yards now produce 1,660,600,0(1(1 doz
ens of.iyjgs annually, and at the aver
age price of the present year they lay,
during their busy season, enough eggs
lii ii single month to pay a year's ln
rest on the national debt. We have
rnt.'irj Wilson's report to the PreslJ
mt as a sib for those statements,
WORK BEFORE CONQRE8S.
Left-Over Legislation that Will Corns
Up in the Next Session*
Much important legislation left over
(roin the session of Congress concluded
lost April remains to bo settled at the
third session of the Fifty-eighth Con
gress, writes a correspondent of the Chi
cago Daily News. This winter much of
the work left undone must be done or
left to die In the committee rooms or 6n
the calendar. The work of the commti
tees on possible legislation is practically
finished in almost every instance and they
are ready to report to Congress.
Among the bills of national Importance
left over were the two labor bills. The
Grosvenor injunction bill to limit tlie
meaning of tho word "conspiracy" was
one of these and the other was a compul
sory eight-hour bill for employes on gov
ernment contracts. Both bills were dis
cussed at length, but were postponed by
action of tlie respective committees to
wliicli they were referred last spring.
Another' important measure was the
bill for the admission of Oklahoma, In
dian Territory and. New Mexico and Ari
cona as States. New Mexico has been
an applicant for statehood for thirty
years. There has always been friction
among the representatives of the various
territories concerning the admission of
one and not another. An agreement was
practically reached in the spring which
may permit these measures to come be
fore Congress and be settled this ses
sion by the admission of all.
Other measures in which Chicagoans
were interested which are likely to come
np for final action include the Hepburn
pure-food bill, the Hepburn-Dolliver bill
regulating interstate commerce in liquors,
the Lodge bill for the regulation of the
consular service ail appropriation for
changes in the new Chicago postofflce for
the betterment of the mail service the.
Mann drug bill, which permits patents
on tho process of making drugs only and
provides for reciprocity of such patents
between this and other countries, and the
labor dispute arbitration bill, which was
advocated by the late Volney W. Foster.
It is not unlikely that a public build
ing bill and a rivers and harbors meas
ure will be passed by the coming session.
The harbor bill is almost certain to be
passed, and Senator Fairbanks, who
will take his seat as Vice President on
March 4, will have the added prestige
qf his new honor to enable him to push
the former bill.
Three other items of national interest
outside of the regular run of legislation
are likely to command the attention of
Congress before March 4. One of these
is the Swayne impeachment trial, the
principal being
a
federal judge in Florida
who is now resting under charges of un
judicial conduct. The Smoot trial will
be proceeded with by the Senate commit
tee on privileges aid elections and fin
ished as soon as possible. The third
item is the resolution introduced by Con
gressman Crumpacker of Indiana provid
ing for a reduction in southern repre
sentation in Congress for States which
have practically disfranchised the negro
voters. All three of these subjects will
tend to liven the, interest of the country
In what might otherwise prove
a
Impossible to say. He embarked in the
"Foolkiller" at Chicago as nonchalantly
as siuother man might have set out to
test a new bicycle. In Nissen's case, un
fortunately, there was no possibility of
any useful outcome from his experi
ments.
Captured Oiant Bel.
The entire canal, stretching four miles
to Mine Falls, N. H., has been drawn
1 off for the first time in half a century,
and thousands of large pickerel, horned
pike and eels were discovered. Qperat
tlves and the poor of the city were given
the freedom of the banks, fishing ordi
narily being prohibited, and with scoops
landed the fish in great numbers. Dump
cart wagons, barrows and baskets were
used to carry the stock away. Fully six
tons were procured before the gates had
to be opened. The grandfather of the
eels was captured by Albert Provencher,
It being about five feet long and weighing
upward of seven pounds.
OLLEG£$
John S. Huyler of New York offers to
pay 'half the cost of establishing a big
undenominational college for young
women at Ashville, N. Y.
Vassar College, through Prof. Bracq,
has received from the minister, of public
instruction at Paris 100 volumes concern
ing French history and art.
Dr. Bnno Littmann and Howard C.
Butler of the Princeton faculty, with a
party, will spend the winter in Syria
studying the archaeology of that coun
try.
The triennial catalogue of Yale uni
versity shows that there are 12,744 liv
ing graduates and 9,291 dead graduates
of Yale, a total of 22,035. Of the aca
demic department 0,957 are living and
7,245 dead, and of the scientific school
2,841. arc living and 265 dead. The gain
in living graduates for the university
during the three years is 1,308 and 449
Yale graduates have died during that
time. The trienninl catalogue will here
after be changed to a quinquennial and
the next catalogue will not be issued un
til 1910.
This year, for the first time, all the
children in the sohools of Berlin were
examined as to their health. There
were 15,000 children and 36 examiners..
®»e results were astounding. Ten per
cent of the children were found insuffi
ciently developed in body or mind, and
had to be excluded for half a year or
longer 10 per cent were not strong
enough to atteud school, owing to the de
bilitating effect of scarlet fever and oth
er diseases 15 per cent suffered from
anaemia or scrofula 5 per cent had
tuberculosis trouble, etc.
m^mm mm
routine
session of the national legislature.
BODY OF NISSEN FOUND.
Hash Attempt to Boll Acron Lake
Michigan Ends in Death.
The body of the foolhardy Peter Nis
sen, who attempted to cross Lake Michi
gan in his aquatic balloon, was found on
the Michigan shore. The chill waters of
the lake were fatal to the man who had
succeeded in getting through- the Niagara
rapids. It was the aim of Nissen, the
inventor of that queer machine, the ill
starred "Foolkiller," to devise an am
phibian craft which would make the jour
ney across sea and land to the north or
south pole. It is the science of psychol
ogy rather than that of geographical re
search to which bis unhappy experiment
seems most likely to contribute. His in
I vention had no practical value.
I For years Nissen had experimented
with various strange boats, in one of
which ho took a perilous trip through
the rapids of Niagara. His last inven
tion, a bag inflated with air and intend
ed to roll before the wind, was obvi
ously of no utility for aiiy practical pur
poses. Apart from the subject of his
nautical devices, he appears to have been
an ordinarily industrious, common-sense
workingman. What aroused his ambition
and gave it such a fantastic bent, it is
The armies of Kur'opatkin nnd Oya
3m are facing one another on the
Bliakhe river, where they have been
stationary for a month. There are
occasional reports from Russian
sources of Japanese setbacks and re
pulses, at various points, but the Jap
anese are silent as to their doings and
their Intentions,
All that Is positively known Is thnt
both armies are receiving re-enforce
ments. Since the completion of the
missing link in the Siberian railroad
around Lake Baikal the Russians are
able to send men to the front with
greater rapidity and in larger numbers.
Both armies are using the spade in
cessantly, and are protected now by
systems of elaborate and seemingly im
pregnable works.
It Is winter in northern Manchuria,
and the difficulties in the way of a for
ward movement when the forces are
so nearly equal as they are appear to
be insuperable. Snow and frost are
dangerous enemies to affront. It seems"
ns if both armies had resolved to stay
where tliey are during the winter.
What' their losses from disease nnd
cold will be during the season may be
come known next spring.
Spasmodic bombardment and persist
ent tunneling have been the character
istic features of the siege of Port Ar
thur during the ween. Specific items
of news have been in consequence few.
The Japanese succeeded In occupying
the counterscarp of Sungshu fort, one
of the strong positions on what is call
ed the northeastern ridge, and they
made a similar gain at the Ehrlung
fort A snell blew up a magazine in
the city and started a conflagration
that lasted two days. A Russian coun
ter attack' In front of East Keekwan
fort was a failure. There Is also a
story, though not a very definite one,
of an attack by a Japanese company
on detachment of Russians in an out
lying position in' front of Etseshan.
This last story Is the only one that in
dicates activity In the neighborhood
of the western defenses of the fortress.
Within the last month we have ad
vanced from mere guesswork to defi
nite knowledge of the progress of the
siege, as the result of the trickling
stream of dispatches which the Jap
anese staff has allowed to be published.
We no longer talk of the possibility of
Port Arthur falling any day, but rather
of the probability that this or that one
of the sixteen forts, or groups of forts,
which make up the main defense of the
city, will be taken.
It is worth recalling that the Port
Arthur forts can be divided In a gen
eral way into five groups. There is
first the exceedingly strong Liautie
shan position, nt the extreme end of
the promontory, some twelve miles
southwest of Port Arthur. This has
not yet been under fire at all. Then
there are the forts on the Tiger's Tail
peninsula. These also have been free
from attack. Thirdly, there are the
forts, of which Golden Hill and Elec
tric Cliff are the best known, com
manding the harbor entrance and
strung along the shore1 to the east of
the city. The guns of these forts have
engaged Admiral Togo's fleet whenever
they had a chance, but they do not
seem to be mounted so that they can
be used against land attacks. A fourth
group comprises the forts on the north
eastern ridge, the Sungshu fort, the
WAR NEWS IN BRIEF
Japanese have made further gains at
Port Arthur.
UUssia hopes Japan will wait until
spring to fight.
Japan is preparing to "deal" with the
Russian Baltic fleet.
Port Arthur is in a bad way, and near
ly out of provisions.
Count Cassini says Russia will fight
to the "bitter" end.
Koreans are almost in open revolt
against the Japanese.
There to still liability of hard fighting
near Mukden at any time.
Another magazine was exploded by
Japanese shells at Port Arthur.
Some ships of the new Russian novy
will be bnllt in the United States.
The
second
Pacific fleet has little hope
of aid from the ships nt Port Arthur.
A Russian midshipman is reported to
have sunk a Japanese torpedo-bont de
stroyer with a launch rigged with a tor
vede tabs*
Rlhlung (Ehrlung) forts, the Keekwan
forts and the Kinkeeshan forts. The
fifth group Is to the west on the Chair
hills, comprising the Etse, Antsz and
Wangtal forts.
Gen. Nog! seems to have decided
definitely to enter Port Arthur over the
ruins of the Keekwan, Ehrlung and
Shungshu forts. His men are lying
in tunnels within a few hundred feet
of the walls of these forts. The Rus
sians are confined within the walls, and
while tbelr guns are still powerful to
check any Japanese assault up the
hills they can do nothing against the
men tunneling beneath them. Almost
any day we may learn that the Jap
anese have exploded their mines nnd
burst out of the ground into one of
these forts, there to fight a hand-to
liand struggle to the death for posses
sion.
But even if the Russians are driven
out of one fort and their cannon and
ramparts destroyed, that will not mea^
Japanese occupation. Apparently all'
the forts in the group must be taken
in this way before the Japanese can
enter Into occupation. And after thin
will come a further strategical problem
to bring about the reduction of the
Golden Hill nnd Chair Hill groups of
forts. These tasks accomplished, Port
Arthur will have fallen. But even
then Stoessel, with the remnant of his
men, may hold out longer, If lie sees
fit, on the Liautieshan promontory.
With the fall of the Keekwan-Sung
shu forts the Russian fleet will,proba
bly be compelled to take Its final choice
of dooms, either self-destruction In the
harbor or a rush into the waiting jaws
of Togo's keet. The Japanese are con
fident that they can force this dilemma
long before Admiral Rojestvensky's
squadron reaches eastern waters.
It Is easy to understand why the
Japanese wish to settle the Port Ar
thur matter. In the first place its cap
ture will release soldiers for service la
northern Manchuria. In the nextjjplace
the Russian fleet is moving eastward.
ADVANCE OF THE JAPS AGAINST PORT ARTHUR.
The progress made by the Japanese In the investment* of Port Arthur is in
dlcated in the map. The fortress was first cut off on the land side by the cap»
ture of Nanshan on May 27, and the advance southward and .westward
made since that time is shown by. dated lines. The flighting for the outer
works and positions began May 28, but actual siege operations did not be
gin until Aug. 7, the Japs on the preceding day having brought up the nec
essary artillery. At that time the Russian force comprised 35,000 men and
the Japanese 60,000. At present Gen. Stoessel Is believed to have fewer
than 8,000, while the force of the besiegers Is problematical. Latest re
ports are that Nogi's soldiers have almost captured Rihlung and Keekwan
forts, north and east of the town, and hold other positions that permit the
effective shelling of the works still held by the Russians. Tokio reports
are to the effect that orders for the final assault have been given, and
St. Petersburg apparently is apprehensive that the famous siege of the
"Gibraltar of the Far East" Is fast nearlng a conclusion.
Late last week that section of tha
fleet which is taking the Red sea routs
began passing through the Suez canal.
That route will also be followed by thb
division made up of cruisers and tor
pedo boat destroyers, which was tha
last to leave the Baltic. It will be In
the North sea soon.
Tha battleships under the immediate
command of Admiral Rojestvensky,
which stopped ten days ago at Dakar,
Cape Verde, to coal, are on their way
down the African coast and if they
give the preference to French ports for
coaling purposes the next report con
cerning them may come from Loango,
In French Congo. Colliers are await
ing them at Madagascar, another
French possession, and possibly will
proceed there from Loango without
stopping. It Is rumored that Diego
Suarez bay In Madagascar is where
the different sections of the fleet will
unite and prepare for the last stage of
the journey.-
When Port Arthur falls Admiral
Togo will be relieved from blockade
duty, which cannot be abandoned. It
will be possible then for him to go out
to meet the Russians—to go as far n»
Formosa perhaps. Until the siege ends
he will be kept In Korea bay. The
plan of the Japanese naval campaign
hinges on the operations at Port Ar
thur.
A Russian torpedo-boat destroyer wai
chased into Chefoo harbor by a Japanese
boat.
It is reported that the Russian cruiser
Gromoboi struck a rock near Vladivos
tok, and was badly damaged.
Gen. Stoessel is reported wounded au4
in the hospital, nnd the soldiers would
like to surrender if they were not afraid.
Gen. Balashoff, head of the Red Cross
Society at Port Arthur, charges the Jap
anese with violating rules of civilized
warfare.
The Japanese are using long, saus
age-like missile in their attack on Pori
Art hur. The missile bursts and gives out
a sickening odor.
Outposts of opposing armies at the
Sbakhe river are ia constant conflict, and
during deeds are the rnle. One towu is
shored by the opposing forces.
The crew of the Russian torpedo-boat
destroyer at Chefoo say they were
threatened by Jnpanese nnd feared they
would be innde prisoners therefore they
blew up the ship.
The north side of Ehrlung fort, di im
portant link in Port Arthrr's defense,
was
blown
up by the Japanese, several
hundred Russians being killed, according
to a Tokio dispatch to Rome.
BUIN IN THE DBOOTH
WOEFUL LACK OF RAIN IN Ml*
8IS8IPPI VALLEY.
Approach of Cold' Weather Without
Moisture Means Vast Loss—Coal Mines
Arc Crippled, Railroads Hampered)
and Cities in Danger from Fire.
The closing down of coal mines, the
ruining of crops, the tying up of rail
roads and disastrous fires may follow
one of the worst drouths in tho history
of the Mississippi Valley if cold weath
er sets in without a rain. Illinois, In
diana, Ohio, Kentucky, Wisconsin and
other States in the valley are now feel
ing the effects of the lack of water.
Already several disastrous prairie
fires have occurred, railroads and coal
mines are having hard work to get
water, stock raisers are complaining
and farmers are counting their losses
by the hundreds of thousands of dol
lars. In some of the cities in the Mis
sissippi Valley States the water sup
ply has been completely exhausted
and the first lire that occurs will sweep
unchecked through the towns. Farm
ers, railroad men, mine owners and
stock raisers all predict serious conse
quences if the drouth continues. Noth
ing but a rain before the beginning of
real cold weather can save the valley
States, they say.
As. compared'with .the rainfall for
the month of November in previous
yeawthe precipitation is very small.
The average rainfall has been from
two to three Inches and it has run
over five inches. No explanation is
given by the weather bureau for the
remarkable conditions that exist
One of the most serious results of
the drouth is the inability of many
coal mines located in the Mississippi
Valley States to get water. The mines
need a large amount to run their en
gines with and have been unable to
get it. The closing down of some of
the mines, among them those In the
district around Terre Haute, Ind., and
Danville, III., will follow within a
few days if there Is no rain or the
mine owners do not haul water to the
mines in oil tank cars.
The railroads alqo are suffering as
the result of the drouth. In Ohio it
has been found Impossible to keep the
water tanks filled. All engineers have
received instructions to use water very
sparingly. At Bloomington, 111., the
Chicago and Alton Railroad has been
forced to ask assistance from the city
officials and the city is furnishing the
railroad with 200,000 gallons of water
a day for its trains, as the Alton's res
ervoirs have run dry. The conditions
In Ohio and Illinois are the same as
those elsewhere.
The exhaustion of. the water supply
in many of the cities In the valley haa
already resulted la an agitation for
the establishment of waterworks In
many of them. Jacksonville, Bloom
ington, Danville and other cities have
Joined in this agitation and the ques
tion of obtaining better protection
from fire has been taken up. This
question Is being agitated as the re
sult of several of the cities finding
themselves without the means of stop
ping afire as the result of the drouth.
In the country around Mount Ver
non, 111., sparks from passing engines
have set fire to grass and to the dry
corn which is standing in the fields be
cause It is too dry to be shocked, These
fires have done considerable damage
to the crops and at times have threat
ened, to destroy farmhouses and to
sweep up to the boundaries of the cit
ies and villages
All through Illinois and the other
Mississippi Valley States the greatest
difficulty has been experienced in find
ing water for cattle. Those sections
which are on rivers or lakes, of course,
have no difficulty at the present time,
although some of the streams have
run nearly dry, but the cattle raisers
who are dependent upon wells and
reservoirs for water are badly off.
In the Wabash River Valley the
conditions are particularly bad. Watex
is being hauled for miles nnd the scar
city is so great that a Clarke County
farmer was able to sell the privilege
of allowing cattle to drink from a
pond upon his farm for $100. Dairy
products have been advanced In pries
as the result of the drouth and. in
Terre Haute the price of'milk has gone
up 30 per cent.
Crops of fall wheat have been al
most entirely destroyed by the drouth.
The wheat that is still growing Is
making but little progress and small
hopes are entertained for the crop by
the farmer. Rye crops also have been
spoiled. Tpe only benefit to the farm
ers from the drouth has been that It
has enabled them to gather their corn
crop with little difficulty and to get
Into their barns corn which was laid
fiat by heavy storms early In Septem
ber. The roads, covered with dust aa
they are, have been good.
The amount of rain which has fallen
In the Mississippi Valley differs some
what according to localities. It may
be said, however, that little or no rain
has fallen for seven weeks anywhere
In the valley. Columbus, Ohio, re
ports that there has not been a rain
storm in that vicinity for fifty-three
days. In Illinois a little more rain
has fallen than in Ohio. The rainfall
in Indiana also has been greater. Ken
tucky vies with Ohio as a dry State.
Wisconsin is in the same class as Ohio
and Kentucky, while Mlssonrl Is as
well off ns Illinois, Kansas and Ne
braska.
The loss occasioned by the drouth
cannot well be estimated until it is
known whether there will be a rain
fall before extreme cold weather sets
in. Already, however, losses amount
ing to millions of dollars have been
reported. She Ohio State Board of
Agriculture has attempted to keep
some estimate of. the effects of the
dronth, but the figures are only ap
proximately correct They show a loss
of over $500,000.
Walked from Moving Train.
At Pcrkiomen, Pa., Harvey Long
•calked from a rapidly moving train and
was fatally injured. He awoke during
the night from a 'short sleep and think
ing he had arrived' at his destination,
walked from the train. His head -was
crashed and several bones broken whea
ho was picked np by a track crew and
taken to the hospital at Nnrristowa,
Mammoth Bronze Turkeys.
The accompanying picture shows
perfect type of tho male and female
bronze turkeys, the largest- and perhaps
the most generally fared of all the thor
oughbred turkeys. The males often
attain weight of forty-five or more
pounds, and the females thirty-eight.
They are the result of a cross of the
wild turkey, though they have become
thoroughly domesticated.
It is sometimes said that they grow
too large, and are not desirable for
BKON'ZE TURKEYS.
market, but while this would doubt
less be true of old fowls, it is not the
case with young ones. April and May
hatched bronze turkeys will be just the
right size to bring the best prices at
Christmas, and it is doubtful if any
other breed can ever supplant them
with those who raise turkeys for
profit.
How Hay Is Wasted.
Many pretty good farmers lose
money every year by allowing the rain
to wash out the substance of their iiay
crops. Most of the valuable parts of
hay are easily washed out by rain.
This is made clear by taking a wisp of
liay, placing it in a bucket and pouring
boiling water over it. The result is
a brown fluid which has received the
name of hay tea. Cold water will ex
tract the juices In a similar manner if
a little more time is allowed'. This,
then. Is what takes place when half
made hay is allowed to lie abroad over
the surface and Is not made into cocks.
.No water draws tea so well as
Device to Cut Sorghum.
The accompanying sketch shows a
device for use on a mower to prevent
sorghum and other rank growths from
becoming tangled when cut. In cut
ting drilled sorghum it will leave the
cut row leaning against the next stand
ing one in excellent shape to pick up
and shock. This Is a great Improve
ment over letting It fall at random. A
Is the tongue of the mower. C, and
E are pieces of 1x3 wood, the circle
SORCHUM-CUTTIXG DEVICE.
Is made from old buggy tire, and the
brace G, of V&-inch iron is the cutter
bar of the machine.
Root Crop* tow Piss.
It has been demonstrated that seven
or eight pounds of mangels have as
great feeding value as one pound of
grain, when given to pigs or hogs, and
that sugar beets have even a greater
value, so it is hard to understand why
pig raisers are so careless about grow
ing root crops for tuelr animals. Not
only have the root crops a high feed
ing value, but they do more for the
good healQi of the hogs than one can
estimate, in regard to their feeding
value it has been demonstrated time
and again that when mangel or sugar
beets, or toth, are fed in connection
with light rations of grains, using mid
dlings instead of bran, pork of high
quality can be produced cheaper than
in any other way. with the possible ex
ception of the substitution of ensilage
for the root crops. If root crops can
be bought at reasonable prlccs, better
have some for feeding this fall and
winter, and next season grow your own
supply.
Use for Surplus Potatoes.
The abundance of potatoes in this
country the present year suggests tho
possibility that new uses will need to
be. found for the crop within a few
years. In Germany the manufacture
of alcohol from potatoes is one of the
mainstays of agriculture. Before the
industry was started potatoes were a
drug on the market. Now there Is a
regular market for the whole of the
juroducc, and the tojci'tanco of the
mam
.VJ1J,
1.•
4
w-
Boft
'water, and rain water is soft and it
jdraws the hay just on the same princi
ple as It would draw tea. When the
•air Is fairly dry the material tedded
In early morning should be tedded
,agaln in the afternoon. On the second
iday an endeavor should be made to
get the hay in such form that on tne
appearance of rain it may rapidly be
run up Into large cocks, In which it is
safe. Assuming that the work is car
ried on 4s far as possible by machin
ery, the first operation is to horserake
the hay into rows, and the tedder
should be set to work along the rows
so as to throw them out into beds
about four yards wide. From time, to
time the tedder should be made to re
peat the operation, until the approach
of evening, when the beds may be
drawn Into rows and then collected
into large cocks.
potato crop has vastly increased. The
alcohol is treated in such a way thati
it is unfit for drinking purposes and so
not liable to special tax. It is used
for heating, lighting and motive power,'
varnishes, etc., and last year two mill
ion tons of potatoes were used in this
way.
Iate Calves.
Owing to the increasing demands of
the great centers of population, farm
ers have to enter into contracts to sup
ply quantities of milk all the year
round, and in consequence are com
pelled to have fresh calving cows com
ing into profit not at one period mere
ly. The most difficult period to cope:
with is the end of the autumn and Just
before winter. Farmers' who hold such'
contracts find it pays to time one-third}
or. more of their cows to calve at that!
period. Those who do not go in for aj
pedigree herd will prefer to, get rid,
of the autumn calves as soon as pos-i
sible. If reared on milk substitutes!
will have to be employed, as the entirej.
milk of the cow would have to be sent
away daily, but milk substitutes' have
now been brought to a high degree of
perfection. These will be thickened
with meals as the animals get a little
older. They trill soon take to rootj
pulp. Calves thus reared would be lnj
prime condition after March, to' thrlve|
well on the green, fodders of spring,!
rye, lucerne and winter oats, intermix-i
cd with vetches and trlfollum.
Feed Mill on the Farm.
On any farm where there is stock to
feed, whether cows, sheep, hogs or
poultry, the feed mill or grinder Is one
of the best economizers of food one can
bave. These mills are made in various
sizes and suited to the large or the
small farm. With snch a mill one Is in
a position to give variety in form of.
feeding that is impossible unless one
is prepared to buy various kinds of.
ground food.
Where corn constitutes the main
food as is the case on most farms it is
plain to see that it is not advisable to
feed it in the same form all the time.
With the feed grinder it is possible to*
mix the several ground grains in small!
quantities which one would hardly buy.j
Where poultry keeping is a part of the:,
farm industry there will be foundj
abundant use for the feed grinder and,
it will pay a good profit on the invest-!
ment.
Plan for Country Cottage.
A very modest neat and attractive
plan for a quite small family or for
your farmer's cottage la herewith pre-
DININ0
12 XI*
RMOJOP
tax*
GROUND PLAN OF COTTAOK.
sented. It consists of three rooms with
pantry and hall, the kitchen the ligbt-j
est and cheeriest room In the house, aaj
Is quite right when the best of Its oc
cupants spends much of her time there,!
and three good bedrooms above. Thla[
cottage should be built in good style!
for $1,200. The wans may be either
shingled or plastered.
Head-Work on the Farm.
One of the best farmers keeps a
slate hanging up In the barn, and on
this slate makes entries something like
this:
Weak place In west field fence Joe
repair It at once.
Take cultivator shovet to shop next
time buggy goes.
Repair Jack's harness and Bob's
bridle first wet day.
Red cow will probably be in heat
May 15 watch her closely.
Frank, see Smith* and tell him to
bring log chain home.
Two sows due to farrow May 16
Keep sharp lookout
Bunch of red store! in south field,!
near shade for self.
Woodpile most be watched haul
some first chance.
Keeping Butter.
A New York dairyman writes that
be has kept butter successfully both In:
summer and winter by shnply filling it
into jars, covering the top neatly withj
cloth, putting on aalt and pressing,
down hard with the hand so that no
air can get in. Often a paper Is put
over the top. During warm weather it
may be necessary to add more salt
once in four or five weeks.
Frntt Preserved in Peat.
Sucessful experiments have been
made by a French company In shipping
tropical fruit to France protceted sim
ply by a covering of peat Ripe fruit
of perishable kinds after several week*,
of transportation is claimed to have
arrived In a safe and sound condition.
The effect is ascribed to the presence of
gallic acid and tannin.
Poultry Pickings.
The mongrel is a thing of the past in
profitable poultry culture.
Fowls must have a variety of food
to do well. No one grain wiil long be
relished by the fowls if made nn ex
clusive diet.
A hundred lice in a poultry house will
multiply to a thousand in a short time,
and to a million within month, unless
checkcd. It's nutch easier to kill tho
hundred than the million.
The cnrly-lnying puilet should bo
marked and kept for the breeding pen
next season, provided sue is otherwise
a good bird. In nearly all cases tlir»
pullet that begins to lay early i:i life
is the one thnt will lay the largest
nunlber of eggs in a year.
Every poultryaian should, own a good
bone cutter. It will pay for itself In a
short time in iucreased egg production'
and growth ancl general health of the
flock. Fresh ground bone should be
fed twice a week at least about an
ounce to a fowl at each feed.
iiiiiinflg
itiei

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