Newspaper Page Text
Peder Nlssen, who sacrificed his life
In an attempt to roll across Lake Mich igan in a strange craft of his own in vention, had a rec ord for deeds of daring.' In 1.900 lie twice shot the rap ids of Niagara Falls in boats of his own make, and hhd he succeeded in the ad.venture which cost his life his purpose was to make an attempt to reach the north pole. Nissen was 1'r.DuK N1BSKN. born in Denmark forty-three years go, but came to this country while a tli and was educated here. He the inventor of a number of nov and labor-saving devices, and conducted a business college in Chicago. He was a graduate of the Indiana State Norimal College at Val paraiso. Sir Richard Sankel estimates that Ire land's bogs contain the equivalent of 5,000,000,000 tons of coal. The late Alexander Mayer-Kohn, For a long he was chief a Berlin banker, was the owner of one of the largest autograph collections in the world. Henry J. Cove, for mnny years in charge of the cloakrooms of the English House of Commons, left his property, worth $200,000, to various hospitals. At a recent meeting in New York it was decided to preserve the grave of Joseph Rodman Drake by establishing a public park at Hunt's point. General James H. Wilson, who has been appointed chairman of the inati :al committee, Is a celebrated vet- of the engineer corps, nnd previ ously had been in charge of river and harbor improve a Erie. From 188!) to 1S93 he was su perintendent of the West Point Mili tary Academy, whence he was graduated in 1800. General Wilson made a brilliant record during the civil war, being brevetted on several occa sions for gallant conduct For a time he left the service and engaged in rail way nnd engineerifig operations, but soon was reappointed. He was born In Southern Illinois in Setpember, -"1837. In Dr. Leo Vogel, appointed Swiss min ister at Washington, will be the young est diplomat of his rank at the national capital. Verestehagin was at once the kindliest and the vainest of men. He loved news paper notices. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a British composer, will visit the United States, lie is one of the most interesting fig ures in the world of music. The city of Paris has purchased the "rooms which the poet Beranger inhabited from 1854 to his death in 1857. He paid $120 a year for them. Gov. Montague of Virginia has an nounced himself as a candidate for the United States Senate. a A a ha is Davis, who has been appointed to serve on the Anglo-Russian North Sea commis sion at Paris, and who has accepted the position, won fame in the Span ish war as being the man to whom the town of Ponce, Porto Rico, sur» rendered. He wa» then in command of the gunboat Dixie. Rear Ad- ADIIIBAL DAVIS. miral Davis Is a native of Massa chusetts and was graduated from the naval academy in 18(54. He has been connected with several expeditions to determine differences In longitude. For a short time he served as superintend ent of the naval observatory. Prof. Koch, at present in Paris, pro poses to make Paris his permanent home. He will visit German South Africa on a government mission shortly. It is stated that Drs. Ott and Hirsch, who attended the wife of the Czar when the heir to the Russian throne was born, received $50,000 each. Baron Karl von Gersdorf of Prussia, who committed suicide recently, was, with the exception of Prof. Erwin Rhode, a prominent Greek scholar, the iost intimate friend of Nietsche. jjjhost Wk riir Jervoise 1-1./. 1 Clarke of Australia owns the largest sheep ranch in the world. It contains 50,000,000 head. Miss Gertrude von Petzold, M. A., has accepted a call to the Unitarian Church at Leicester, Eng. She is the first woman ap pointed to a pas torate in England. though ni a ii in is a been common in the United States for several years. Miss von Petzold. is said to be very earnest speaker and extremely popular with her parish ioners. This indi cates rapid rj/w////•, vance from the theory of the days MISS VON PETZOI.I'. of St. Paul, who said: "It is o. shame for a woman to speak in church." It also calls attention to the forward march of woman iu c*ery sphere of learning. lea rii ufi'.ctm-inj o! iron -wl. OUR GREATEST FARM INDUSTRY. UK Stock Business Leads Any Other by More than $ 1,000,000,000. It ihay be news to the average small farmer that the live stock farms of tfte United States, considering all the form property in and on the farms, exceeds in value any other one class of farm iuvestment by more than $1,000,000,000. One billion in itself is a phrase of tre mendous import. When it is considered as a mere excess of figures marking the size of one farming industry over an other, the reader begins to appreciate just 'what the farming industry in this country may mean. Hay and grain are tremendous fac tors in the welfare of the country. Tak ing the census returns of 1000 as a con servative nnd accurate basis for com parisons, the value of the farm property invested in the 1,319,85(1 hay and grain farms of the United States was $0,379, 548,543. But on the other hand the 1, 564,714 farms devoted to livti stock show ed a total valuation of $7, 505, 284,273, ranking the one great classification by $1,125,735,730, nnd exceeding the valua tion of "king cotton" and its lands by more than $G,000,000,000. And to lend still greater emplias# to these figures for live stock in the United States the hay and grain, lands average $30.34 to the acre, the live stock farms show $21.14, and the cotton lands $12.30 to the acre. The average stock farm had 226.9 acres, the hay and grain farm had 159.3 acres, and the cotton farm had 83.0 acres. Aside from the specific classi fications mentioned above, only the dairy farm interests of the country passed the billion mark in valuation, exceeding the cotton industry by $500,000,000. In a strict sense the dairy interests of the country belong to the live stock totals of the United. States. If these farms nnd valuations should be taken to gether their totals would show 1,922,392 farms, valued at $9,198,751,575, nnd pro ducing in the year of 1899 a total of $2, 039,089,592, of which the strictly live stock farms produced the overwhelming proportion of $1,054,135,912. Compared to this strictly live stock production for that year, the hny and grain farms of the country fell short of it by $410,000,000. READY TO WRECK THE FAIR. Contract for Exposition Property la Ierty GEN II. WILSON Sinned by Chicago Concern. The contract for the sale'of the prop offered by the St. Louis World's ,Fair Company to a Chicago wrecking company for $450,000 was signed the oth er day and the first payment a£ $100,000 made. The remaining $350,000 is to be paid in installments. The wrecking of the buildings will begin immediately. The horticultural palace will be the first. A few of the statistics of what the wreckage contains will give an idea of what the ruins are,-reduced to details. Here are s&me samples: Lumber, feet 100,000,000 Sashes, square feet 2,000,000 Doors 10,000 Skylights, square feet 1,500,000 Roofing, square feet 3,000,000 Wall burlap, square feet 4,000,000 Closets 1,700 Wash stands 1,700 Bath tubs 300 Piping, miles 500 Valves and fittings, feet.... 400,000 Incundesccnt lights 500,000 Lamp fixtures 500,000 Rubber hose, feet 100,000 The wreckage also includes $1,000,000 worth of electrical apparatus, $00,000 worth of c&pper wire, the $150,000 Ferris wheel, three complete greenhouses, a complete street railway system, fire de partment, two hospitals, State buildings and furnishings, while the equipment of the Jefferson guards is complete enough to fit out a South American revolution. It will take many years to scatter this stuff. BIG GRAIN CROPS FOR 1904: Corn Yield 2,404,000,000 Btiahela Wheat 551,000,000 Bushels. From the government's latest figures a corn yield of 2,404,000,000 bushels. is Indicoted for 1904, as compared with a harvest of 2,244,000,000 bushels in 1903. The corn crop never was larger than this year, except in 1902, when it was 2,523,000,000 bushels. Wheat is placed at 551,000,000 bushels, as compared with 675,000,000 for 1898, 748,000,000 foi 1901, .070,000,000 for 1002 and 637,000, 000 for 1903,. the only years which ex ceeded 1904's yield. The oats crop for this year will reach 687,000,000 bushels, which is the biggest harvest of that eereal ever gathered ex cept in 1902, when the crdp was 987,000, 000 bushels. Barley, with 140,000,000 bushels, breaks the record. Rye, 27,000, 000 bushels, has been beaten only in 1901, 1902 and 1903, when there was a slightly larger yield than this year's. The 15,000,0004)ushel crop of buckwheat goes ahead of all former figures. Pota toes, with a yield of 305,000,000 bush els, also beats all the figures of thmpast. Cotton, of course, with its 12,000,000 bale crop, breaks all records. It will be noticed that the aggregate of the frent crops will be greater in 1904 than they ever were before. As prices are, for most of these nrticles ex cept cotton, slightly above the average of recent years, the farmers will have more cash in their hands nt the close of 1904 than they ever had in the past. AH the alarming crop reports turn out to be erroneous. More than 2,000 skilled workmen have left the French silk factories for Itou baix and Tnrcoing, within a year, for the United States. Good news comes from Pittsburg. When the mills start on full time, Jan. 1, there will be added employment for an army of 20,000 men. A recent publication pi^ts the numbers of cotton spinning and weaving mills iu Spain at 1,500, of which 1,237 are in the Province of Barcelona. The Bethlehem Steel Corporation, cap italized at $30,000,000, was incorporated at Trenton. X. J., to succeed the United Slates Shipbuilding Company, now in the hands of a receiver. America is to manufacture typewriters for Syria, the machines being fitted with anew alphabet of fifty characters, which was arranged recently by, Selim Haddad, a Syrian artist and inventor. The nctunl Syrian alphabet contains (',30 characters. About 00,000 waterwheels are used for manufacturing in the United States, yielding 1,300.000 horse-power, or one QU.artcr to one-third of the whole power used. Of this total 250.000 horse-power ID used by the 2,000 mills in New Eng land. .What is believed to be the largest de posit of tungsten in the world has been uncovered in Boulder county, between Eldoru and Nederland. Colo. The min eral assays from $1S *o $"()l a ton, nnd in valuable in connecfon wii-M the man- TOOt AT —Chicaeo Journal. THE COTTON SLUMP. Far-Heaching Effect on This Branch of Great Textile Industry. The cotton branch of the great textile Industry—the next largest engaged in manufacture in the country, being out raaked only by "iron and steel—is_ para lyzed by the tremendous slump in the price of raw material. The buying of cotton goods is practically at a stand still and salesmen representing the large commission honses of this and other cities are being pulled off the road. Jobber? and converters will not buy cotton goods, and commission merchants are loath tr buy raw cotton, owing to their inability to sell. Gradually the swiftly moving wheels of industry, always interdepend ent, nre ceasing their busy whir in con sequence of this condition. The palsy & due directly to the slumi in the price of raw cotton .from 10V. cents to 7% cents a pound during a busj interval. It was made complete by th government's report on the cotton har. vest, indicating a harvest of 12,102,70. bales of the staple, or nearly 1,000 000 bales in excess of the greatest crop ever garnered in the country. Much cotton had been, sold to manufacturers around 10 cents a pound now the prospect is for still lower prices even than 7% cents. Commission merchants nnd mills had adjusted their selling price to the high price of cotton now buyers of cotton gooda are unwilling to buy the finished goods on that basis they wait for lower prices. Hence the stopping of business and the paralysis of a great industry. There nre dealers who express the belief that cotton would swing on the down turn far below its intrinsic value, in reverse to the movement which car ried it up to 17% cents a pound. These men, chiefly buyers for jobbing and manufacturing houses, profess to believe that cotton would eventually touch 5 cents a- pound. For two years little business has been done because of the high price of raw cotton and now there oan be no busi ness done because it is too low or likely to be. In the first instance mills were closed because goods could not be sold at a price high enoftgh to pay the manu facturers and now* on a falling market, jobbers and converters are frightened into inactivity. bATEN BY OLD OCEAN. Change* Going on Everywhere Along the Line of the Sea Coaat. M. Chevrul, secretary of the Tours Geographical -Society, said the other day in an address to the society that the latest surveys of the French coasts had shown that within the last few years the republic had lost about five square miles of territory, which had been torn to pieces and washed into the sea by the ocean storms. The loss of land would have been considerably greater if it had not been that the destructive waves had carried part of the debris into bays like that of Mont Saint Michel and into estu aries like that of the Somme and piled it np along the shores, extending the land a little further out into the sea. These changes nre going on every where. The British estimate that the erosion constantly iu progress along their coasts is just about made good by the debris' swept up along the lower parts of the shores, forming new land. Eng land is so densely peopled that it cannot afford to lose territory. It manages to keep just about the samte amount of standing room. Some countries are gaining territory at the expense of their neighbors, and Without any excuse for kicking up an in ternational row. This is the case with Tonkin, whose great rivers rise among the highlands of western China and de scend into the low Tonkin plain with so swift a current that they bring a part of China with them nnd spread it over the big French colony. Tonkin is push ing out into the sea at the rate of nearly 50 feet a year. Its capital, Hanoi, stood on tlie edge of the sea twelve centuries ago, but is now far iuland. The railroad mileage in this country is increasing at the rate of about 5,000 miles a year. At this rate in twenty years there will be 100,000 more miles of railway in this country. If the coun try continues to develop during the next twenty years as rapidly as during the last two decades, it will require fully 100,000 more miles of railroad to handle the increase in the volume of traffic With this increase in railroad mileage the demand for steel and iron will be corre spondingly greater. Joseph Chamberlain, "Brummagem Joe," was a full fledged business man at 10. "FRENZIED FINANCE" IN OHIO. Hi.'' I v.. 1'" "T.ffi 9 You can fool some of the Ohio bankers some of the time, anyway. It should be noted that the sands of leap year are ebbing fast. Certainly there is no lack of work laid jut for "the Congress" to do. Any one whose children are crying foi ld junk should call up St. Louis. Coxey now knows how the rank aur! "lie of his army have felt ever since. Frenzied finance seems to nave attract a member of the weaker sex here am here. Mrs. Chadwick may have thought sh eas furthering Mr. Carnegie's ambitioi to die poor. Tom Lawson of Boston begs to call at tention to the fact that the panic came off as advertised. St. Louis has had its fun. The rest of the entertainment consists principally of the headache. Though ,the President saw fit to ignore it, the high tariff can hardly feel that it is out of the woods. Uncle Sam's next great reform will be conducted under the rallying cry, ''Help keep the Cubans clean!" St. Petersburg thinks the situation at Port Arthur is critical, but hasn't it been that way for six months? It is a jjood tiling there are no more Mrs. Chadwicks, or suckers would have to be born oftener tharf one a minute. Now that the original "Katy" girl has been sued for divorce the conductor may issue her a transfer to some other line". If the law of supply and demand is still working there should also be a sharp decline in lambs' wool on Wall street. Another grent reform has had its in ception in Chicago. 'A police magistrate fined a man $75 fop "borrowing" an um brella. Private Secretary Loab cannot deny, however, that the President's family did things to that turkey some time on Thanksgiving day. A small and rapidly diminishing aggre gation of army mules is about the best Port Arthur can hope to do in the way of a live stock show. Another attractive feature which Gen. Miles sees about that Massachusetts mil itary job is that there will be no officious War Department around to bother him. An insane woman won the prize by working a rebus for an eastern magazine. This is not strange, as only insane people have the patience to work such things out. ANOTHER IRISH FAMINE Failure of Potato Crop Causes Great Suffering in Emerald Isle. Immigrants who arrived recently in New York from Ireland bring news of terrible privations and want now being suffered by the small farmers in the Em erald Isle. During last week 2,000 per sons, fleeing from the famine-stricken counties of western Ireland, have entered the metropolis. Stories of hardships are told by the immigrants who land at Ellis Island. The agent for the Irish Immigration Society, who has just returned from Ire land, thus explains the conditions there: "The poor of Ireland live on'unproduc tive bog land, over which they work night and day to produce food and keep shelter over their heads. The ground will not permit a living and a saving, too. When crops are good they can live but when a crop fails they must starve." The column? of the Irish press are filled with accounts of evictions. The number in County' Mayo so far has reached 184. In Donegal there have been 73, and in Tyrone, 50. To give the poor of Mayo employment a mass meeting was held several days ago, pre sided over by Rev. Martin Mellett, P. P. A resolution was adopted setting forth that the potato failure had been the most disastrous since '47, and urging that the impoverished farmers be given employ ment on local improvement schemes. It is announced that the dining car department of the Wabash will hereafter be under the jurisdiction of the general panenger agent. [IMTKfll A* UNUSUAL I LOAN OUT-] TUES$ m&AUfMHT-NQM iTHMM AUTHtMw Irunos minsu-w llttnt'6 jone or nv OWN aatuiNas \3SSSm $ nsnnel AN UNUSUAL OPERATION. Surgeona Graft Live Rabbit to Leg of Iiurneil Boy. Very unusual was the operation per formed on Cornelius Post, a 15-year-old boy, a few days ago, when surgeons at St. Mary's hospital, Passaic, N. J., graft ed on ii -15-inch wound caused by a burn a portion of the skin of a live rabbit which was chloroformed and bound to his leg. Anaesthetics had been refused by the plucky lad who, for three-quarters of an hour, underwent the severe pain without flinching. Two years ago Cornelius Post carried dinner to his father, who worked in tha Consumers' Match factory, at Clifton. In some way he obtained apiece of phos phorus and put it in his pocket. It burn ed through to his skin. The boy has un dergone several skin grafting operations, 4ome of which have been successful, and die burn is much smaller than it was, ut all efforts to heal it have proved fu :ile, and it was finally decided to resort :o an' operation so rare as to have been 1 roviously attempted with success only three times. The burn is on the left leg, just below the hip, nnd is about 15 inches long and six inches wide. The half-formed and granulated tissue was scraped down to the muscle, the boy suffering terrible pain but only now nnd then giving vent to his feelings with such expressions as- "Doc tor, please be. careful." The skin of the rabbit wa's then clip ped parallel with its spine from its tail to its neck, three inches wide and fif teen inches long, the strip remaining at tached to the animal at the neck. The rabbit was chosen because of the elas ticity of its skin, and when the strip was clipped off the edges of the skin on its back were drawn together and stitched. The animal was' then placed under the boy's leg,'its back at right angles, and the flap of skin was carefully placed over the burned spot. For many days the boy will be constantly attended by a nurse. UP-TO-DATE BLACKMAILING. Organized Band Demands 9100,000 from Canadian Kailroada. A well-organized band of audacious blackmailers has, for several months past, been trying to coerce the stock holders of the Canadian Pacific and the Canadian Northern railroads into dis gorging $100,000, or suffering the penalty oi a series of wrecks. Tbat the latter is not an idle threat is shown by the fact that within three weeks eighteen attempts to wreck through, passenger trains at widely separated points on both roads have occurred. J. G. Burly, general superintendent of the Cnnadian Pacific, received in August a threatening letter demanding $50,000 from his rond and $50,000 from the Ca nadian Northern. He paid no attention to the letters save to place detectives on all trains. Toward the close of that month another letter was received and then a third. The letters all demanded that the com pany show white instead of green mark ers on the through trains to indicate that negotiations might be begun. No attention was paid to the demand, and within the last month narrow escapes from derailment have been of daily- oc rcurence. The band is believed to be very ex pert, and those who have doi)e the actual work are thoroughly versed in railroad knowledge. It is now thought that the accident in which Lord Minto's train ran into an open switch, killing five persons, was one of the first moves of the band, for the railroads say' that the opening of the switch could not have been an accident. There have been two. train hold-ups in western Canada and' scores of bank and other. robberies, all of which are attributed to the unsuccessful blackmail ers of the railroads. The Canadian and American police and the Canadian secret service are in constant communication concerning the robberies. A special report of the census bureau issued recently shows that 1,750,178 chil dren in the United States arc compelled to work for their living. They form more than 0 per cent of the total num ber of workers, nud the boys outnumber ing the girls almost three to one, the fig ures being 1,304,411 boys and .. 485,076 girls. •_ '. According to the report of the United States commissioner of education, the overage monthly wages of teachers for 1903 was $49 for men and about $40 for women. Less than 28 per cent of the teachers were men, or 122,382 oat of a total of 439,596. SINK WITH A BRIDGE MANY CHILDREN PLUNGED INTO AN ICY RIVER. Big Suspension Structure at Charles ton, W.Va., Breaks, Carrying Scholara to Death—Fight Kach Other in Stream —Parents Are Terror-Stricken. At Charleston, W. Va., the suspen sion bridge connecting East and West Charleston fell through, precipitating six teams and a number of school chil dren, estimated variously front a dozen to thirty, into the ice-covered waters, some fifty feet below. The bridge fell with a sudden crash about 8:30 o'clock in the morning, just as the vehicles containing the children were in its cen ter. The bridge turned turtle as it went down and the floor was thrown amid the ice. floes a little below the place of crossing. The air was filled with cries of hor ror. The carriages struck the water with -a splash, and then began an aw ful struggle in the water. Boys, half crazed, struck the girls and forced them back, endeavoring themselves to catch hold of the carriages which were half afloat. These supports were frail, however, but they kept some alive until rescue arrived. Boats were secured, but by the time these reached the victims who remain ed struggling in the water, a large number had perished. Parents of the children were notified, and came to the bank, mothers half-fainting and fa thers pale nnd anxious. There were many pathetic scenes as parents recog nized the dripping forms as they were brought to shore. Of thirteen horses on the bridge when it fell twelve were drowned. Gordon Long and Tom Michie, drivers, went down with the bridge, but caught the edge of the ice and managed to reach shore in safety. The bridge floor was covered with several inches of ice and snow. The. structure, which was built in 1852, has been considered un safe for heavy loads for several months, and on last Labor day the of ficers would not allow the floats in the parade to cross the bridge on account of its supposed unsafe condition. CHURCH OATH IS BLOODY. Smoot Witness Says Mutilation Is Pen alty for Mormon Informers. Torture, mutilation nnd death is the penalty allotted to Mormons who re veal the secret rites of the church iti the endowment house marriage ceremonies, ac cording to testi mony given be fore' the Sena torial committee in the hearing of the case of S at or Smoot of Utah. he mony that prom inent Mormons REED SMOOT. do not obey the laws with reference, to polygamy was given by two members of the faculty of Brigham Young University. J. H. Wallis, of Salt Lake City, was the witness who revealed the blood}* nature of the oaths exacted in the en dowment house. He considered him self absolved from his oaths of' se crecy, as he said he had given notice to his'bishop several months ago that he would not continue as a member of the church. These oaths, which all who took part in the ceremonies agreed not to reveal under penalty of mutilation, were given by Mr. Wallis as follows: That the throat be cut from ear to ear and the tongue be torn off. Ttiat the breast be cut asunder and the heart and vitals be torn from the body. That the body be cut asunder at the middle and the bowels cut out That if demanded we will give ail we possess to the support of the church. Questioning by counsel and Senators brought out the admission that he had never taken the oaths seriously, but had considered them as something of a joke, and he thought many others had considered them the same way. George H. Bremhall, president of Brigham Young University, testified that he had two wives, married before 1S90. Senator Smoot, who is a mem ber of the university board, frequently addressed the students, he said, and always urged them to obey the law. Josiah Hickman, a teacher in the. university, testified thnt for ten years he had lived with two wives. The wit ness said he went through the temple with his second wife two or three years ago, and they were sealed, but no legal marriage had taken place. He Add he had taken no steps to conform to the law in relation to marriages. "Then, as you understand it, you are not legally married to your pres ent wife?" asked Mr. Taylor. "No, sir not so far." He explained that he had been "a little negligent," but that he and his wife had decided that they should, be married. Arthur Morning, a teacher in the public schools of Utah,' said he had been called on to conduct religious classes in his school. He rend letters from his superiors instructing him how to outline the Mormon class work. Mr. Taylor, for tlie Protestants, said this testimony was to prove that tlie Mormon church was teaching its re ligion at public expens". Morning said the lessons were compose largely Of biographies of polygamies. FATAL "Q" WRECK. Train Banning Fifty Jlilcs an Hour Leaves the Truck. One man was almost instantly killed and another suffered probably fatal in juries Wednesday night .when, train No. 8 of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad left, the tracks near Bristol, IU.., forty-five miles from Chicago. Fifty miles an hour, through tlie darkness, was the speed of the train, when, with out an instant's warning, the big engine threw itself from tlie track, which is perfectly straight and level at that point, dragging the cars after it, and plowed its way over sleepers. All the passen gers were left struggling together in the overturned cars when the train came to a itandstill. mWEEKLY IRIAN One Hundred Years Ago. Spain declared war against England. Twenty brick and twenty frame houses on Wall street, New York, were destroyed by Are. The total loss was only $500,000. The New York Historical Society was Instituted. The British under Admiral Popham attacked Fort Rouge at the entrance of Calais harbor. Russia had seventy sail of the line in commission in her navy. The French ambassador left Con stantinople, as the Ottoman porte re fused to acknowledge Napoleon as hereditary emperor. The surveyor of public buildings at Washington reported to Congress tbat $57,665.72 had been spent in one year on the Capitol and White House. Seventy-five Years Ago, There were in Alabama over 20,006 Creek Indians, who held among them 535 slaves. King Ferdinand of Spain agreed to grant an act of amnesty to his exiled subjects. Skirmishes tools place between Rus sian and Turkish troops iu Asia, where the news of peace had not reached, though the treaty had been signed three weeks. A Canadian priest ordered that! all Catholics in his parish who had been married by Yankee ministers or magist rates be lawfully remarried by him. Slaves were selling for nearly noth ing at New Orleans. Almost every ship brought -them to that port, and owing to the failure of crops the planters had little money io buy them. A ciVil war began in Chile. The reduction of wages caused a strike among the weavers of Norwich, England. Fifty Years Ago. All of the English Baltic fleet sailed for home. A Russian decree ordered an addi tional levy of ten men in every 1,000 in the eastern half of the empire, Jews not excepted. The political sentiment «f the union was in a state of transit!**, the drift being towards political parties for or against making slavery national. The king of the Sandwich Islands, to prevent the overthrow of his gov ernment by lawless violence -accepted the aid of the naval forces of the Unit ed States and Franca The Spanish minister of foreign af fairs declared In the cortes "That the sale of the island of Cuba would be the sale of Spanish honor itself." Peace was restored at the Ballarat gold diggings, Australia, after a reign of terror lasting weeks, in which twen ty miners had been killed and martial law established. Commercial reciprocity had been ar ranged between the United States and Great Britain. It opened to Americana the sea fisheries in British provinces. Forty Years Ago. General Dix issued an order for re prisals on Canadians because of the St. Alban's raid. It was annulled later by Lincoln. Sherman stormed Fort McAllister, near Savannah, Ga. Cook County, Illinois, voted a boun ty of $100 for every man who would enlist for army service. Springfield (111.) citizens were much alarmed over a report that the Illinois Central Railway was ready to give the State a bonus to have the capital removed to Decatur. A number of soldiers were killed and many wounded in the blowing up of the transport Maria at St. Louis. Ihirty Years Ago. An exchange of notes took place be tween Washington, D.i C., and Madrid concerning the Virginius affair. A Congressional investigation of the Pacific mail subsidy increase, and the bribery charges connected with it, was commenced at Washington, D. C. The watch presented to Marquis de Lafayette by Washington and later sto len from him, having been recovered, was presented to the Frenchman's grandson by the American minister to France. King Ivalakaua of the Sandwich Islands was in Chicago en route to Washington. D. C., to perfect a com mercial treaty. The taking of evidence in the trial of CAint von Armin for the abstrac tion of official documents from the rec ords of the German government closed iu Berlin. Twenty Years Ago. The announcement was made in New York of the gift of $300,000 by Miss Mary G. Caldwell to the Roman Cdtli olic Church for the purpose of found ing a university. President Diaz- of Mexico ordered closed all of the gaming houses in the City of Mexico. The President sent to the Senate with a note of review nnd commenda tion the commercial treaty betweeu the United States and Spain. An attempt was made to destroy the London bridge with dynamite. It was a fiasco. The Superintendent of Public In struction in Illinois reported that the enrollment of the pupils in the public schools of the State for the year had been 728.081.