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Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??, December 30, 1904, Image 6

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065127/1904-12-30/ed-1/seq-6/

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Tha citj' of Hague. the capital of
the Seven United Provinces, was
swelling in ail its arteries with a blnok
and-red stream of hurried, panting
and restless citizens, who, with their
knives in their girdles, muskets on
(heir shoulders, or sticks in their
hands, v/ere pushing on to the Bnit
«nliof, a terrible prison, where on the
charge of attempted murder, Coi-nc
Ijus de Witte, the brother of the. Grand
Pensionary of Holland, was confined.
Cornelius, member of the Assem
bly, was forty-nine years of age, when
the 'Dutch people, tired of the repub
lic such as John de Witte, understood
tt, and a't once conceived a violent af
fection for the young Prince William
of Orange.
This young man was twenty-two
years of age. John de Witte, who was
his tutor, had brought him up with
tlie view of making him a good citi
zen. Loving his country better than
he did his disciple, the master had, by
the "Perpetual Edict," extinguished
the hope which the young Prince might
have entertained of one -day becoming
JStadtholder. But the fickleness and
caprice of the Dutch combined with
the terror inspired by Louis XIV., and
re-established the office in favor of
.William of Orange.
The Grand Pensionary bowed before
the will of his fellow-citizens Corne
lius de Witte, however, was more ob
stinate, and notwithstanding all the
threats of death from the Orangist
rabble, who besieged him in his house
at Dort, he stoutly refused to sign the
act by which the office of Stadtholder
iwns restored.
John de Witte derived no advantage
•from his ready compliance with the
•wishes of his fellow-cieizens. Only a
few days after, lin attempt was made
to stab him, in which he was severely
-although not mortally wounded.
This by no means suited the views
•of the Orangist faction. The life of
.the two brothers, being a constant ob
•Btacle to their plans, they changed
••their tactics, and tried to obtain by
-calumny what they had not been able
to effect by the aid of poniard.
The wretched tool in this instance
•was Tyckelaer, a surgeon by profes
sion. He lodged an information against
Cornelius de Witte, setting forth that
toe nad, from hatred against William
-ef Orange, hired an assassin to de
liver the new republic of its new
Stadtholder and he, Tyckelear. was
the person thus chosen but that, hor
rified at the bare idea of the act which
he was asked to perpetrate, he had
preferred rather to reveal the crime
than to commit it
This disclosure was, indeed, well cal
culated to call forth a furious out
break among the Orange faction. The
Attorney General caused Cornelius de
Witte to be arrested and the noble
brother of John de Witte had, like tlie
•vilest criminal, to undergo, the pre
paratory degrees of torture, -by means
•of which his judges expected to force
from him *the confession of his alleged
•plot against William of Orange.
But Cornelius was not only possess
ed of a great mind, but also of a
great heart. He belonged to a race
•of martyrs. While being stretched on
the rack, he recited, with a firm voice,
and scanning the lines according to
measure, a strophe of Horace and
making no confession, tired, not only
the strength, but even the fanaticism
of his executioners.
The Judges, notwithstanding, sen
tenced Cornelius to be deposed from
all his offices and dignities, to pay all
the costs of tlie trial, and to be ban
ished the soil of the republic forever.
John de Witte, at the first intima
tion of the charge brought against his
brother, had resigned his office of
-Grand Pensionary. lie, too, received a
noble recompense for his devotion to
the best interests of his country, tak
ing with him into the retirement of
private life the hatred of a host of
•nemies and the fresh scars of wounds
inflicted by assassins.'
In the meanwhile, William of Or
-ange urged on the course of events
by every means in his power, eagerly
jwaiting for the time when the peo
ple by-whom he was idolized, should
lave made of the bodies of the broth
ers the two steps over which he might
ascend to the chair of Stadtholder.
So, one morning the whole town
was crowding toward the Buitenhof
to witness the departure of Cornelius
le Witte from prison, as he was go
ing to exile, and to see what traces
the torture of the rack had left on
the noble frame of the man who knew
Us Horace so well.
Tyckelaer. with a heart full of spite
and malic, and with no particular
plan settl«l in his mind, was one of
the foremost, being paraded about by
the Orange party like a hero of na
tional honor.
The daring miscreant detailed, with
4111 the embellishments and flourishes
suggested by his base mind and his
ruffianly imagination, the attempts
iwhich he pretended Cornelius de Witta
bad made to corrupt him the sums of
money which were promised, and all
the diabolical strategeins planned be
forehand to smooth the path of mur
Every phase of his speech, eagerly
listened to by the populace, called
forth enthusiastic cheers for the Prince
of Orange, and groans and impreca
tions of blind fury against the broth
ers de Witte.
The mob even began to vent its rage
by inveighing against the iniquitlous
Judges, who had allowed such a de
testable criminal as the villian Corne
.lius to get off so cheaply.
No violence, however, had as yet
(been committed, and the tile of horse
men who were guarding the ap
proaches of the Buitenhof remained
cool, unmoved, silent, like
statues, under the eye of their chief,
Count Tilly, who had his sword drawn,
but held it with its point downward,
*4&-a line %vi'oi tlie atvups oi iii* stirrup.
Tbe Mack Tulip
This troop, the only defense of the
prison, overawed by its flrin attitude
not only the disorderly riotous mass of
tlie populace, but also the detachment
of the burgher guard which, being
placed opposite the Buitenhof to sup
port the so!di?rs in keaping order, gave
tlio riotors the example of seditious
cries, shouting:
"Hurrah for Ornuge! Down with
the traitors!"
And yet the fuming crowd did not
know that at that very moment, when
they were tracking the scent of one
of their victims, the other, as if hur
rying to meet his', fate, passed at a
distance of not more than a hundred
yards behind the groups of people and
the dragoons, to betake himself to
Buitenhof. John de Witte had alight
ed from his coach with his servant
and quietly walked across the court
yard of the prison. Mentioning lil.i
name to the turnkey, who, however,
knew him, he said:
"Good morning, Gryphus I am com
ing to take away my brother, who, as
you know, is condemned to exile, and
to carry him out of the town."
Whereupon the jailor, a sort of baar,
trained to lock and unlock the gates of
the prison, had greeted him and ad
mitted him into the building, the doors
of which were immediately closed
Ten yards further on John de Witte
meta lovely young girl, of about sev
enteen or eighteen, dressed in the na
tional costume, who, with pretty de
mureness, dropped a courtesy to him.
"Good morning, my good and fair
Rosa. How is my brother?" he ask
"Oh, Mynheer John, sir!" the young
girl replied. "I an not afraid of the
harm which has been done him. That's
all over now. I am afraid of the harm
which they are going to do to him,"
"Oh, yes," said de Witte, "you mean
to speak of the people down be'.ow.
They afe, indeed, in a state of great
excitement but when they see us per
haps they will grow calmer,''as we have
never done them anything but good."
"That's unfortunately no reason, ex
cept for' the contrary," muttered the
girl, as on an imperative sign from
lier father she withdrew.
Pursuing his way De Witte said to
"Here is a damsel who, very likely,
does not know how to reed, and yet,
with one word she has just told the
history of the world."
And with the same calm mien, but
more melancholy than he had been en
entering the prison, the Grand Pen
sionary proceeded toward the cell of
his brother.
While John de Witte was climbing
the narrow winding stairs which led
to the prison of his Brother Cornelius,
the burghers did their best to have the
troop of Tilly removed. They deter
mined to march to the Town Hall and
force tlie deputies to order Count Tilly
to leave with his soldiers.
In the meantime John de Witte had
reached the door of the cell, where,
on a mattress, his brother Cornelius
was resting, after having undergone
the preparatory degrees of torture.
The sentence of banishment having
been pronounced, there was no occa
sion for inflicting the torture extraor
Cornelius was stretched on his
couch with broken wrists and crush
ed fingers. He had not confessed a
crime of which he was not guilty and
now, after three days of agony, he
once more breathed freely ou being In
formed that the judges were condemn
ing him to exile.
John entered, hurrying to the bed
side of the prisoner, who stretchcd
out his broken limbs and his hands,
tied up in bandages, toward that glo
rious brother, whom he now exceed
ed, not in services rendered to the
country, but in the hatred which the
Dutch bore him. John tenderly kiss
ed his brother on the forehead and
put his sore hands gently back on the
"My poor brother, you are suffer
ing .pain, are you not? Oh, my poor
dea^Cornellus! I feel most wretched
to see you in such a state."
"And, indeed, I have thought more
of you than of myself and while they
were torturing me 1 never thought of
uttering a complaint, except once, to
say, 'Poor brother!' But now, that you
are here, let us forget all. You arc
coming to take me away?"
"You will not have to walk far, as
I have my coach near the pond, behind
Tilly's dragoons."
"Tilly's dragoons! What are they
near the pond for?"
"Well," said the Grand Pensionary,
with a melancholy smile which was
habitual to him, "the gentlemen at the
Town Hall expected that the people at
the Hague would like to see you de
part and there is some apprehension of
a tumult"
"Of a tumult?" replied Cornelius, fix
ing his eyes on his brother. "Oh! that's
what I heard Just now. Are there
many persons down before the pris
"Yes, my brother, there are."
"Hark! hark!" continued Cornelius,
"how angry those people are! Is it
against you, or against me?"
"I should say it is again3t both, Cor
nelius. I' told you, my dear brother,
that the Orange party, while assailing
us with absurd calumnies, have also
made a reproach against -us that wo
have negotiated with France."
"And yet, if these negotiations had
lieen successful, the Rhine would not
have been crossed, and Holland might
still consider herself invincible in the
midst of her marshes and canals."
"All this is quite true, my dear Cor
nelius, but still more certain it is that
if in tills moment our correspondence
with the Marquis de Louvois were dis
covered, skillful pilot as I am, I should
not be able to save the frail bark
which ie to oui'i'j the Lrothecs Da
Witte and their fortunes out of Hol
land. That correspondence, which
might prove lo honest people how
dearly 1 love my country, and what
sacrifices I have offered to make for
its liberty and glory, would be ruin
to us if it fell Into the hands of the
Orange party. I hope you have burn
ed the letters before you left Dort to
join me at the Hague."
"My dear brother," Cornelius an
swered, "your correspondence with Mr.
de Louvois affords ample proof of your
having been of late the greatest, most
gen-erous, and most able citizen of the
Seven United Provinces. I dote on the
the glory of my country and partic
ularly do I dote on your glory, John—I
have taken good care not to burn that
"Then we are lost as far as this life
is, concerned," quietly said the Grand
Pensionary, approaching the window.
"No on tha contrary, John, we shall
at the same time save our lives and
regain our popularity."
"But what have you done with the
I have intrusted them to the carc
of Cornelius van Baerle, my godson,
whom you know, and who lives at
"Pcor, honest Van Baerle! who
knows so much, and yet thinks of
nothing but of flowers and of God
who-made them. You have intrusted
him with this fatal secret It will be
his ruin, poor soul."
"Van Baerle is not aware of the na
ture and importance of the deposit
which I have intrusted to him."
"Quick, then," cried John, "as it is
^still time, let us convey to him direc
tions to burn the parcel."
"Through whom?"
"Through my servant, Craeke, who
was to accompany us on horseback,
and who has entered the prison with
me, to assist you downstairs."
"Let him enter, then."
John opened the door the faithful
servant was waitng on the threshold.
"Come in, Craeke, and mind well
what my brother will tell you."
"No, John it will not suffice to send
a verbal message unfortunately, I
shall be obliged to write, because Van
Baerle will neither give up the par
cel, nor burn It, without a special com
mand to/io so."
"But will you be able to write, poor
old fellow?" John asked, with a look
on the scorched and bruised hands of
the unfortunate sufferer.
"If I had pen and ink, you would
soon see," said Cornelius.
"Here is a pencil, at any rate."
"Have ytra any paper? for they have
left me nothing."
"Here, take this Bible, and tear out
the fly-leaf. But your writing will be
"Jmrt leave me alone, for that," said
Cornelius. "The executioners hare In
deed pinched me badly enough, but
my hand will not tremble once in trac
ing the few lines which are requisite:"
(To be continued.)
Littleton'* Speache# Aro lr«i|k«alM of
Bed, Bine, Great m4 Tollow.
Most of the noted public speakers
get the popular credit of being able to
deliver the-oratorical goods without
having committed to memory more
than the skeleton of their speeches.
This idea is discouraging to laymen
who find, if called on for an im
promptu speech, even in a familiar and
friendly gathering, that they are struck
dumb—unable to untangle their
Such should attend to an account of
the strange and Ingenious methods of
tho Hon. Martin W. Littleton, borough
president of Brooklyn, who made tlie
nominating speech for Judge Parker
at St. Louis.
Mr. Littleton is numbered among
the telling speakers of the Democracy,
yet he cannot speak offhand. He com
mits' to memory every word of his
speeches, and does it so thoroughly
that there is never a slip in his deliv
When Mr. Littleton learns that he is
to make a speech be sallies forth to
his stationer's, where he buys a collec
tion of pads of colored paper, such as
would serve in an examination for
color blindness. He gets white pads,
red pads, blue pads, green pads, yellow
pads, heliotrope pads, and pink pads.
Then he goes to the pencil case and
picks out pencils of every color of
lead that the house affords. Then he
goes home, ready for work.
The rest is easy. Mr. Littleton writes
the first page of his speech on white
paper with a black pencil, the second
with a blue pencil, the third with a
red pencil, and so on until all the pen
cils have been used on the white pad.
Then he grabs the red pad and writes
upon it with all the pencils—except,
perhaps, the red ,pencil—dropping a
pencil at the end of each sheet and tak
ing up another.
And then? Why, 'tis very simple, at
least for the Brooklyn orator. He
reads the speech to himself, over and
over, and each sheet of paper im
presses itself upon his memory. He
knows that when he stands before his
audience he can gaze into space and
every sheet will parade before him in
the written order. It will be just as
easy as though he had written his
speech on stereopticon slides and nail
it flashed at the back of the conven
tion hall.
When he gets a-going with a para
graph about the honor conferred on
"the great Umpire State by the most
sanguine Democratic National Con
vention of a decade," he will have tlie
white pages and the black pencil be
fore his mind's eye. The real paper
and pencil may be in the ash can by
that time. As he comes to the part
about "the honored judiciary of our
great State" he may be looking at yel
low writing on a green pad. His pero
ration, fraught with enthusiasm, may
swim before him in purple on pink,
but his hearers will think it is nothing
but pure inspiration.—New York Sun.
An illustrious pedigree iz a grate
burden and responsibility. To lug
around the bones ov a distinguished
great-grandfather, and do justisa to the
bones, and kredit to ourselfs, iz a tire
some transaUghun.
Keep busy idleness is a great friend
of but an enemy of youth. Regu
lar employment and mental occupation
naarvelcas ycutii preservers.
You may talk of your battle scarred heroes,
Of martyrs and all of the rest
But there's another I think. Just as worthy—
Tho fellow that's doing his best
He doesn't wear gold braid and tinsel,.
Nor ride on the wave's highest crest,
But he's always where duty demands him—
This fellow that's doing his best.
No trumpet blare tells of his coming,
For fame he is never in quest
But he's always a hero, this fellow
Who is always found doing his best
And I'm sure in tho day of the judgment
When many shall full at the teat,
There'll be one who will pass without trouble-
The fellow that's" doing his best.
And the gates of the heavenly city,
The beautiful home' of the best.
Will swing wide for my hero to enter—
The fellow that's doing his best
-D.illas (Texas) News.
DON'T deny any of your claims,
Rigby, but it has been one of o:ir
rules to give such a post as this
only to married men. I believe there
cornea to a married man a certain
sense of responsibility which makes
him more valuable to us and more
safe In the position."
"But, Mr. Johnson," protested young
Rigby, "there isn't a man on your
traveling force who has done better
for you, considering the bad territory
you gave me. If you'd give me a
chance at New York State I'd break
the record."
"Perhaps, hut you'll have to get
married first! No, don't argue," reiter
ated Mr. Johnson as Rigty tried to
Interrupt. "We'll hold the place open
for two weeks. If at the end of that
time yon can show me a marriage
certificate we'll talk business.
"You belong to a club here in town,
have apartments waiting for yon
when you come in from your trips, go
to the theater some, play the races a
bit. eh?"
Rigby nodded his head.
"Cut it out and get a wife."
"But I don't know any girl
"What!" almost shouted Mr. John
ton, "do you mean to tell me that in
all your bumping around the co.untry
you've never met a girl you would
seriously consider mariying?"
Rlgby's mind traveled rapidly over
!hls list of acquaintances. He raised
ibis head, and caugh^ a pair of brown
byes watching him from the desk in
the far corner of Mr. Johnson's office,
the eyes belonged to Johnson's pri
vate stenographer.
"No. I don't know a girl I'd care
Ito mafcy, nor a girl* who'd care to
marry me."
"Well, I'll be hanged t" ejaculated
iir. Johnson.
Rigby was standing up. He had
forgotten the brown eyes by this time.
He usually forgot girls just this easily.
"But I'll tell you this much, Mr.
Johnson. I don't propose to let a little
thing like not having a wife stand
ietw$en me and that Job. I'm going
fo get both inside of two weeks."
Mr. Johnson, senior member of the
Johnson Manufacturing Company,
Chuckled. He had liked Rigby from
the hour the lad had started out in
the Pennsylvania coal territory to sell
Johnson shoes, but be would not vary
his long-standing rule—the best jobs
to the married men.
Willimet, who had long held the
New York territory, was going into
business for himself, and his position
was the one for which Rigby was
Charley Rigby crossed the square,
his hands thrust deeply into his pock
ets, his bat pulled over bis eyes. He
was thinking about girls.
I When hi» father's money bad been
swept away by Ill-advised investments
be had cut loose from his mother's
people, who had always resented her
marriage with tlie visionary, easy
going Rigby. Now he wished that ho
had kept in touch with them and their
I social life.
Naturally of gentle breeding and in
stincts, he had not cared for tne class
of girls he met in his life as a com
mercial traveler, and he had a bit of
his father's dreamy nature, which car
ried him to the theater and made him
happy in good books.
There was the nurse who had tidej
him over the malarial fever, but she
had told him the first day of his con
valescence that she was engaged. The
daughter of the biggest shoe dealer
In Scranton had invited him to dinner
every time he called on her father—
but she was not just the sort.
And matrimony was a gamble, a
lottery, after all. It-was just tho
same whether you khew a girl a day
or a year. You never really knew her
until you married her. Lots of the
married men had told him so.
I Then all of a sudden he remembered
the brown eyes that had watched hira
during Johnson's merciless catechism.
Merrifleld, the bookkeeper, sauntler
ed in for lunch, and Rigby welcomed
him Joyously. After a few desultory
remarks be inquired about the" owner
of the brown eyes.
"You remember Darnton, who was
killed in the Somerville collision last
summer? Well, she's his daughter,
Belle Darnton. I think her mother's
folks have money, but she was too
proud to ask help, and she lives with
lier father's maiden sister. I guess
all they have is her little salary."
Rigby tramped ten miles through
the park that afternoon, and reached
a decision. It was a coincidence that
both should be very nearly alone in
the world. And then her eyes were
appealing. And he really knew her,
for often when Mr. Johnson bad been
away she had written him little notes
on the road.
That night he walked home with
Miss Brown-eyes. The next night ha
called, the third night he took her to
the theater—but all the while the
brown eyes never met his.
And Sunday night of the following
week he asked her to marry him.
There were four days of grace.
"You know, I won't bother you very
much," he explained awkwardly,
wishing that the eyes were rot look
ing straight into his. 'Til—I'll be on
the road most of the .time, and yonr
aunt could stay with.you—only In a
much better house—and really, I'll do
my best to make you happy
The brown eyes were shooting
sparks now.
'"I'm glad yon didn't have tbe Im
pertinence to tell me you loved me,
anyhow. There Is that much to yonr
credit," she was saying scornfully.
"But you couldn't make me happy. I
hate you—
She said more, but Rigby could not'
exactly recall It. Perhaps h« didn't
want to recall it "I hate you!" That
was quite enough.
And all of a sudden he realized that,
above all things, he did not wish this
girl to hate him. He wanted her to
love' him, wanted it more than any
thing else in the world—even the po
Three days later Mr. Johnson
opened a letter from Rigby, dated in
n-small Pennsylvania town.
*'I have changed my mind. I don't
want the New York job until I'vo
earned my wife."
Then he wrote of sales and custom
ers. Johnson dictated an answer to
the business part of the letter and
Ignored the reference to a future mar
He gave Rlgby's letter to the brown
eyed stenographer to file with the rest
of his day's correspondence, and she
read the all-important paragraph more
than once.
And all that long, bitter winter
Rigby stayed on the road. He shunned
the theater and closed his eyea t« tho
racing news. But he sold goods and
wrote regularly to the senior meiaber
of the firm.
"Rlgby's got the trade lii Pennsyl
vania by the boot straps and pulling
on it to beat the band," observed
Johnson to his partner one day—In
the presence of the brown-eyed
stenographer. "He is surely trying to
make a record."
And the little stenographer, under
cover of her typewriter desk, gave a
loving pat to a fat order Rigby had
jnst sent In.
It was summer before Rigby put the
question again, and fall before the
wedding day was set Rigby protest
ed, but she was firm.
"I want you to make one more trip,"
she said slyly. "I want to write you
every day—for mjr&elf. All our cor
respondence heretofore "has been pure
ly a matter of business." He looked
at her-reproachfully.
"Yes," she added, smiling tenderly.
"1 could read between the lines of
each letter to Mr. Johnson. 'I'm doing
this for you. dear, for you!' But I
want some letters of my very own.
We'll make it Just a year from the day
Mr. Johnson told you to go wife-hunt
Rigby sighed resignedly.
"All right, but tell me Just one
thing, Belle, dear. W*.y did you watch
me so closely the Johnson asked
me if there wasn't ome girl I conld
inarry in a hurry?"
"Because—because and the
brown eyes were icvered with the
sweeping lashes not I, "I was so—so
afraid there might be."—Boston Globe.
Almost a Confession.
Jennie—That spiteful Mrs. Chatter
ton said your husband was old and
ugly and that you only married him
for his money.
Nettie—And what did you say, dear?
Jennie—I said I was sure you didn't
do anything of the sort.
Nettie—Did you ever meet my hus
Jennie—No I never had that pleas
Nettie—I thought so.
Which would you rather people
would do: Cuss or look grieved?
Chicago theaters closed,
auence of Iroquois Theater holocaust of
Dec, 30. .... Death of Gen. James Long
It reet.
reassembles nnd boars spe­
cial message from President on Pnnnina
ucstlon Fire destroys north wing of
State cnnltol.
6—Thirty killed in Rock Island wreck
near Topcka, Kuns Boiler explosion on
British cruiser Wallaroo kills 43 persons.
0—Death of Gen. John B. Gordon. ....
Steamer Clallnm sinks In Straits of .Tunn de
Fuca 52 lives lost Chinese Emperor
ratifies treaty making Mukden and Atitnng
open ports Death of Hon. Chas. Foster
or Ohio.
13—Death of Col. Chas. Dcnby of Indi
14—Death of ex-Governor Asa S. Bushnell
of Ohio.
15—New government ta'scs hold in ran
18—Death of George Francis Train.
22—Tornado In Moundvllle, A!n., kills ST
persons and Injures over 100. .... 1' loods
along Indiana and Ohio rivers.
23—Aalesumt, Norway, destroyed by Are.
25—One hundred and ninety miners en
tombed In mine near Pittsburg Ver
dict In Iroqnols Theater tire case returned
In Chicago Mrs. Florence Mnybrick re
leased from English prison.
26—Fifteen lives lost In mine accident In
Victor, Colo Conviction and suicide or
Whltaker Wright, English promoter.
2—Death of ex-Secretary of Navy William
C. Whitney.
C—Russia and Japan break diplomatic re
7—Great conflagration In Baltimore.
8—Japan lands troops iu Korea.
9—Japan wins naval victory over Russia
at Port Arthur.
10—Japanese destroy two Russian ships at
Chemulpo, nnd capture 2,000 Russian troops
near that city. .... Russia and Japan de
clare war. ...
15—Six hundred Russian soldiers frozen
to death on Lake Baikal Death of
Senator M. A. Hanna.
22—Japanese take four Russian torpedo
a A
23—Panama Canal treaty ratified by U.
8. Senate.
26—Great Are In Rochester, N. Y.
27—Burning of Wisconsin Statehouse in
2—Collapse of steo frnme for 11-story
hotel In New York 14 people killed.
6—Japs bombard Port Arthur.
11—New York and Hudson River Tunnel
Co.'s tunnel under North River completed.
.... F've-hour navs battle off Port Arthur
Russians abandon the town.
14—United States Supreme Court hands
down decision adverse to great Northern
Securities Company merger.
16—Russian torpedo boat destroyer blown
np In Port Arthur harbor.
18—Daniel J. Scully, cotton king, sus
pends payment panic on New York Cotton
Exchange Leonard Wood confirmed as
Major-General by Senate.
21—Earthquake shocks felt In New Eng
land States Tornado damages Higglns
vllle, Mo.
23-30—Destructive flooods in States of
Middle West .„
24—Death of Sir Edwin Arnold Five
negroes lynched by mob at St. Charles,
26—Two more qegroes lynched at St.
Charles, Ark., making 13 lynched In one
week Tornndo kills six persons near
Caruthersviiie, Mo.
31—Big strike of Iowa miners begins.
4—Russians driven from Korea by Japa
a««e advance.
•—President of Mormon Church issues or
der prohibiting polyrany.
12—Rnraian battleship I'etroravlovsk sunk
off Port Arthur Admiral Makaroff and 700
others killed, famous painter, VerMtchagin,
among them.
15—Explosion on battleship Missouri kills
39 men.
fire In wholesale district of To­
ronto, Canada loss, $10,000,000. .... Bouse
Oklahoma and Ariaona Statehood
20—Death of Grace Qreeawood, once pop
ular writer.
22—Carn-barn bandits, Neldermeyer, Marx
and Van Dine, executed in Chicago.
23—Japanese routed at mouth of Yalu
27—Ownership of Panama canal property
transferred to United States.
36—Opening of Louisiana Purchase Expo
sition In St. Louis.
1—Japanese rout Rnsslans at end of five
days' light on the Yalu Death of An
tonln Dvorak, Bohemian musician 100
lives lost by hurricane in Cochin, China.
2—Death of Edgar Fawcett Japa
nese capture Newchwang.
6—Death of Marcus Jokal, Bulgarian pa
triot and novelist Death of Franz van
Lenbach, Bavarian artist.
6—Japanese capture Dalny.
7—Death of Andrew McNally, Chicago
10—Death of Henry M. Stanley, African
12—Illinois Republican convention meets
and deadlock derelopes.
16—Japanese battleship Batiuse strikes
Russian mine off Port Arthnr and sinks
with 441 men cruiser Yoshlno rammed by
Kasaga and 210 of crew lost.
18—Japanese army drives back to Feng
wangcheng with heavy loss.
20—Illinois Republican convention ad
journs until May 31 with deadlock un
22—Explosion of fireworks factory in Find
lay, O., kills several employes. .... Japa
nese lose 15,000 men In land attack on Port
Arthnr Busslan loss 3,000.
25—Ten miners suffocated In tunnel at
W am to ii a in a in a
City, Miss., destroyed by fire with $2,000,000
26—Boilers of towboat Fred Wilson blow
np near Louisville, Ky., killing 13 persons.
.... Russians defeated by Japanese In Tu
tung pass Japanese capture Klnchon
and drive Rnsslans from Nansban Uill
heavy, loss of life on both sides. .... Rus
sians burn, loot and abandon Port Dalny.
28—Death of Senator M. S. Quay of Penn
29—$5,000,000 fire In piers and shipping In
Jersey City, N. J.
3—Illinois Republican convention adjourns
after 11-day session.
4—Fire in Corning distillery In Peoria,
111., destroys 14 lives and $1,000,000 worth
sEIjfob wrecks amphitheater In St. Louis,
when bullfight is stopped.
6—Fifteen non-union miners killed by dy
namite explosion at Independence, Col.
9—Death of L. Z. Letter, Chicago multi
.. „.
10—Death of Laurence Hutton, lltreray
Growth of Secrct Societies.
Every fifth man with whom you shake
bands in the United States and In Brit
ish Columbia is a member of a secret
organization, counting ont his possible
college fraternity.
Ten years ago a liberal estimate was
one man to every eight in secret orders.
At the present rnte of growth in, the
United States and in British possessions
to the north the present ratio of one to
fire may be three to five in 1914. For
In the United States, where the popula
tion increases one-tenth in a decade, tlie
figures of the secret societies in ten years
have been almost doubled.
In the year 1904 tlie figures of the
go ret orders, reported by the central or
ganizations, show1 a membership of
In 1894 these figures, reported in the
same manner, showed a membership ol'
only 4,120,875.
Thns while the population of the Unit
ed States nnd Canada was increasing a
possible 20,000,000, the memberships in
the secret societies were increasing near
ly 3.300,000—a virtual doubling of these
Unusual Land Deal.
The regents of Kansas University hnve
purchased fifty-one acres adjoining the
campus on the west. The terms are a
little peculiar in that no fixed price was
established. The seller, an elderly per
Kon, is to receivc an annuity of $600 dur
ing her life. The first payment was male
by a popular subscription contributed ly
the citizens of Lawrence. The Legisla
ture will be asked to nmke provision for
£uture vwoients. 1
I *, rw?.i
14—End of strike ef lake captains.
15—Burning ot steamer General Slocum
In East River, New York 1,000 peraon Per
ish Vladivostok squadron sinks two
Japanese transports, destroying 1,000 lives.
18—American Derby In Chicago won by
'"Jo—Five thousand Russians killed and
wounded at Halcheng.
21—Republican national convention open*
'"23—Roosevelt and Fairbanks nominated in
20-27—Japanese defeat Ituss.iMis In two
days' fight at Dalln IIIll.
2g_Dentil of "Dan" Hnwtt, composer of
"Dixie." .... Nine million ucres of land
thrown open to settlement In Nebraska.
20—Steamer Norge lost In North Atlantic
Ocean over 700 persons perish.
g_Twenty persons killed In Wabash
wreck at Litchfield, III.
5—People's party national convention
nominates Watson nnd Tibbies.
0—Democratic national convention
In St. Louis Heavy rains cause
floods In Kansas.
0—Democratic convenlion nominates
ton B. Parker for President.
10—Henry O. Davis named for Vice
Ident by Democratic convention
blehead, Ohio, wrecked by explosion
killed and 50 injured in train wreck at Mid
a N
11—Thirty thousand Japanese killed or
wounded In attack on I'ort Arthur.
12—Strike of 50,000 packing house em
ployes begins In Western cities Death
of Mavor S. M. (Golden Rule) Jones In Tp
ledo, 0 200 lives lost In cloudburst and
flood near Mnnlla.
13—C. & E. I. excursion train wrecked
at Glenwood, III. 24 killed and 72 Injured.
14—Death of Paul Krugor.
22-24—Rltous times at Ronesteel, 8. D.
24—Russians evacuate Newchwang after
two-days' battle Russians sink British
steamship Knight Commander off Izu.
27—England protests to Russia regarding
sinking of steamship Knight Commander.
28—Drawing for Rosebud reservation land
begun in Chamberlain, S. D.
1—Death of ex-Governor Itobt. E. Patti
SOII of Pennsylvania.
2—Illinois Central train robbed near Har
vev, 111 Death of Mrs. Nelson A. Miles.
3—British expedition enters Lbassa, the
"forbidden city."
4—8—Japanese attack Port Arthur.
7—Wreck on Rio Grande railway near
Plnon, Col., causes 100 deaths.
9—Death of ex-Senator Geo. G. Vest of
10—Former Premier Waldeck-Roussqau
France dies Naval battle off PoM^.
13—Turkey yields to demands
States In regard to American schools.
14—Russian Vladivostok squadron defeat]
ed by Japanese in Straits of Cores.
16—Mob burns two'negroes at stake la
Statesboro, Ga Death of Hon. Perry
Hannah at Traverse 0#ty, Mich.
19—Tornado In North St. Louis Gen
eral attack on Port Arthnr.
20—Tornado in St. Paul, Minneapolis and
vicinity' kills 16 persons and causes $3,000,
000 loss.
21—Russian cruiser Novlk beached after
two days' Oght Kasslans win battle at
Port Arthur.
28—Cable line to Alaska Is completed.
I—Japanese take Lalo-Yang.
3—Big fire In Memphis, Venn.
4—Tenement house tre lu New York enda
14 live#.
8—Stockyards strike In Chicago Is ended.
.... Death of Be*. Geo. C. Lorlmer.
11—Rnsslan cruiser Leas arrives in port
at San Francisco.
18—Death of Fiinee Herbert Bismarck.
19—Two million dollar wharf file In Hal
N. a.
21—Peter Karageorgrrltch crowned King
of Servla.
24—Sixty-two peneae killed la tii
wreck naar Knoxville, Teau
vius in eruption.
26—Death ef LafcaJlo Mean, aoth_.
2ft—Japanese captniw Ts ^MO.
30—Death of Seaatst Snift Friable Hoar
of Massachusetts.
I—Death of Sir William Ternen Har
4—Death of Frederic
Bartholdl, fa­
mous French sculptor. .... Fostmaster-Gen
cral Henry C. Payne dies.
10—Robert J. Wynne appointed Postmas
ter General Missouri Pacific wreck
near Warreusburg, Me., kills 29 people.
II—Steamer Call sinks off Prince Ed
ward's Island 19 lives lost.
14—King George of Saxony dies
Famine in Swedish province of Goteburg
Bohus Russians lose great battle near
13-17—Greats battle south of Mukden.
22—Russian Baltic fleet fires upon English
fishing boats and sinks two of tnem.
24—England demands reparation for sink
lug of fishing boats by Rnsslan fleet.
26—Russia sends note of apology to Eng
27—Mrs. Rae Krauss confesses murder of
stepdaughter in Hartford City, Ind.
28—Ex-Governor Geo. K. Nash of Ohio
drops dead England and Russia agree
to refer North Sea affair to arhitratlop
court Twenty-one-miners killed by
mine explosion in Teroio, Col.
3—French steamer Glronde snpk In col
lision off Hertoillon, Algiers, and 100 lives
8—Roosevelt and Fairbanks elected by.
unprecedented majorities.
13—Gale sweeps Atlantic Coast States.
16—Russian torpedo boat destroys Ras
toropny blown up In harbor of Ch
18—Explosion fa mine at Morrli
troyar Has-
kills 14 miners Gas explosion
cago kills four men.
18—Burning of Missouri building
World's Fair one fireman killed. .... W. C.
P. Breckinridge dies.
20—Twelve persons lose lives In burning
of Brooklyn, N. Y., tenements $700,000
fire in business section of Cincinnati.
23—Steamer Elpls lost in Black Sea, with
77 persons aboard.
29—Death of Madame Janauschek, famous
ling the
1—Louisiana Purchase Exposition In St.
Louis closes Seventh Inauguration of
President Diaz of Mexico Haley Glpe
found guilty of manslaughter at Newcastle,
Ind. .... Peter Nlssen, inventor of a roller
boat, dies in contrivance on Lake Michigan.
2—Death of Mis. ti. II. Gilbert, veteran
5—Death of ex-Postmaster General James
N. Tyner. .... Opening of last session of
58th Congress.
8—Japanese wipe out Russian fleet at
Port Arthnr.
13—Big fire in Minneapolis.
21—Death of ex-Senator George L. Shonp
of Idaho. .... Congress adjourns for holiday
fOtort Sewi Notea.
Fire destroyed tlie Children's Home of
the Sisters of Mercy iu Loretto, Pa.
Sixty orphans in the building escaped
The steamer Henry D. James of the
Rutland Transit Company, plying be
tween Ogdensburg, N. Y., and Chicago,
burned at the former place. Losam-i.XW
John Allen, who in July, 1903^BBp7
and killed his wife near Luther
was found guilty and sentenced to life
Frank L. Gibbs shot and fatally
wounded his wife in Barnsviile, Minn.,'
and then killed himself. The couple, it
is said, had been quarreling.
Robert Hinclinufa, who shot and killed
his wife at her mother's home in Sever
ance, Kan., two months ago, was con
victed of murder iu the second degree.
The Independent Pickle Company was
incorporated in Missouri. The concern
is capitalized at $500,000 and aims to
control the pickle business of the coun
Superintendent Frank Leach of tlio
San Francisco mint made good the de
falcation of former Cashier Walter M.
Dimniick by turn in ,- mw his Oakland
home to the surety :.n-» iy which waa
on Dimmick's bond in- ,000.
The New York Stau- /ailroad commis*
sion denied the appUvn.ion of the Ner»
York Canadian l'acilic Railroad Com
pany for permission to issue a first mort
gage of §25,000,000 for the purpose of
utilizing an old franchise to build anoth
er steam railroad from New York to Al
bany aa-S west and north to the
dlaa lia*

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