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$\ tY* *4? «. 0\ 1 IF 70U WANT THE JOB POINTING Get it at the LEADER Office VOL.15. NUMBER S2. "fc -t •r. NX £, S»- A. RKPP, Pres. Much has been written about the newspapers in territorial days and much of it was guess work. This article will deal only with the pioneer ..newspapers, embracing the first eleven years of territoral life, or up to and including the famous Brook ings-Moody-Armstrong campaign' of 1872. TERRITORIAL PRELIMINARIES. The Dakota Land Company of St Paul and the Western Town Company of Dubuque located the town of Sioux Falls City in 1857, and as one of the representatives of the Dubuque com pany came Wilmot W. Brookings, whose death in Boston is just reported. Those townsite pioneers were "nation fbi/flcters," for they held an election aiu^Ht up a provisional government J^ftiubux Falls, and a legislature, so l*2Efed of 1858-9. It was during this early legislative session that the pioneers found it necessary to start a news paper to publish their proceedings, and this necessity produced the Da kota Democrat, the first newspaper printed in what is now Dakota, but then a part of Minnesota territory. The Democrat lived through the winter and suspended. Again in "1800, during the presidential struggle cast of the Mississippi, the Dakota hustlers were hopeful of a territorial organization and a newspaper of a different name, the "Northwest In dependent," was issued from the re mains of the Democrat, and this was published occasionally until the ter ritorial capital was located at Yank ton, when President Buchanan signed the bill creating the territory of Da kota. This important measure was signed on March 2,1861, two days be S^U*fljTlr .. f*V: & fcf' sk?* Sioux Valley ^Laporte and VanBrunt Buggies, Old Hickory Wagoos, Ohio Corn Plows, Rock Island and Good Enough Sulky Plows, ... -rvSuccess Manure Spreaders,' Majestic Ranges and all kinds of (Hardware. Yours for Business,' Sioux Valley Hardware & Imp. Co. M. UIHMITT, v£ b. T. WlHSTAD, Vice s. Secy. The First Territorial cNgwspapers. THE FIRST PAPER WAS STARTED IN THE TER- RITORY AT YANKTON ON JUNE 6, 1861, AND IN 1872 THERF WERE ELEVEN.* The editor of the Leader was assign ee*! JIEarly Newspapers" by the pro J^mcommittee of the Old Settlers which held its annual meeting in Canton last week, and the writer, like congressmen, asks permission to publish his remarks in.the Leader, as "Early Newspapers" is a mighty dry subject for an old settlers meeting, assembled there in the winter V*. Li* *'"k v*l^ *. 'v, i.* •'«+.,y™/'*' hardware and Smpiement Co. Agents for all kinds of fi .^"v'|.:''-r"J 0. K. MOULTOH, Treas. fore Mr. Lincoln took the oath of office. The location of the capital at Yankton destroyed the hopes of the Sioux Falls City town boomers, and the Independent died a natural death, because all the boomers, hastened to Yankton to join in the celebration. The Democrat-Independent type and hand press remained in a little shack near the river until 1862, when prowl ing Indians found and threw most of it in the river. That ended the news paper ambition! of Sioux Falls until 1872. In dealing with this subject in a historical way, it is proper to state that the papers printed at Sioux Falls were not printed in Dakota Territory, because Sioux Falls was a part of Minnesota Territory while its little papers were being printed and both suspended before President Buchanan gaveois the territorial boundaries of our present state. •V ^'TNK FIRST PArKR. On June 6,1861, the "Weekly Dako tian" was issued at Yankton, making it the first paper printed in the territory. The new territoral officers appointed by Mr. Lincoln, arrived in June, 1861, and the necessity for an "organ" produced the "Dakotan," which was printed on a new style of impression power hand press, and this old hand press was the one that the writer sent from his Yankton office to Canton in August 1872, along with the type, which gave Canton its first paper. THE SECOND PAPER. In July the Dakota Republican was started at Vermillion by Bedell & Clark, just about one month after the "Weekly Dakotian." Vermillion had ambition for public buildings and a land office and of course a paper was needed, although the .whole territory contained less than three thousand people. TIIE FIRST ELECTION. Governor Jayne issued a proclama tion designating September 16, 1861, as the date on which the first election George W. Woodley's Handsome Canton Residence. X*l nif "«»«,« ID ak otft If you want the best buy at the Up-toDate Pharmacy. A complete stock of Drugs, Medicines, Paints, OllSjWall paper. Stationery and Toilet Articles at the Up-to-Date Pharmacy. Milkweed Cream is a good seller —call and get free sample. We want your prescription work. Paris Green is in good de mand and we can supply the trade with afresh article. The Lucas Wall Finish is superior to Alabastine and spreads without showing laps or streaks. Our box stationery Is sup erior to anything ever shown in the city. We have a nice line of hammocks marked at very low prices. The Lucas Mixed Paint has stood tlje test of fifty years and is used by the U. S. gov ernment. All standard patent medi cines always in stock. If you want Wallpaper you should see our samples before placing an order. Prescription work a spec ialty. EvintMig tow Ml Up-tHliti. should be held. A total of 585 votes were cast for the three candidates for delegate to congress. Gen. Todd re ceived 397, Jim Booge 110, and A. J. Bell 78. This was the result of the first territorial election for a repre sentative in congress. BOTH PAPERS SUSPEND. After the election both the Dak otian and the Republican suspended publication until late in the winter of 1861-2, when the Dakotian resumed its weekly visits upder the manage ment of J. C. Frask, public printer for the territory, and the government paid the bills. Early in the summer of 1862 the Re publican resumed publication and it has kept coming ever since. During the hot campaign of 1862, the Dakotian and Republican both supported !ov. Jayne, while Gen. Todd got a hearing in the Sioux City Register. The election resulted in a contest before congress and Todd won because the returns from the Red River country, favorable to Todd, didn't arrive in time to be counted in Yankton. Thus at the close of the year 1862, two weekly papers were printed in the territory of Dakota, which com prised about 350,000 square miles, or all of what is now South and North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming and part of Idaho. THE THIRD TAPEB. In June 1864, the Dakota Union was first issued under the editorial management of Geo. W. Kingsbury and .K. Armstrong. It vigorously opposed Dr. Burleigh who was a can didate for delegate to Congress. It fought a glorious fight for eleven weeks and then surrendered to Dr. Burleigh by consolidation with the Dakotian, the title being "Union and Dakotian," and under this name the writer purchased it in December 1869, from Mclntyre & Foster, they having purchased it from Mr. Kingsbury in 1868. There were no new papers until 1868, when the Taylor Brothers began the publication of the Dakota Demo crat, to aid in the election of Gen. Todd, who was defeated in a race with four other candidates—Spink winning. The Democrat died after election. piitiis lawJIfP1 «*w WW. aBSfflsw 4 ArfM/k/ UAOtK In Ms Owss fsMesiy mi Hftm, Me Os/totfsr of Truth Mtf Juiltt. Ms «oe of ftavrf Own fit It*. OANTON, SOUTH DAKOTA. FRIDAY. JUNE 23. 1905. THE UP-TO-DATE PHARMACY. With a complete stock of new Drags, Stationery and Groceries, I Solicits public patronage and guaran tees fresh up-to-date goods at lowest prices. .v The Famous Ivy Wreath Brand of Canned Goods, absolutely pure. Gunther's Celebrated Candies •lead the world. Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. JAMES LEWIS. PHONE 251. TNE FOURTH PAPER. Early in the summer of 1870, politi cal conditions indicated a "red hot" time, and this estimate was more than verified. In April of that year, Governor Bur bank, Chief Justice French and Judge Brookings invited the writer to a conference and wanted to know where he stood as between Spink and Burleigh, republican candidates for delegate. We informed them that we should support the republican nomi nee of theterritorial convention. This was not what they wanted they wanted us to advocate the cause of Mr. Spink and, figuratively speaking, they occupied a position like unto that of the devil on the mlount. but we disliked them all and told them to go to the devil, but they didn't, they got mad, and before election time they, with the aid of other Spink sup porters had the Yankton Press run ning, and it continued until 1874, when it was consolidated with the "Union and Dakotian," for the sake of harmony in the party. THE FIFTH PAPER. Two or three weeks before election the Elk Point Leader was start ed and made a "hog" of itself over the defeat of Mr. Spink. The Yankton Press and Elk Point Leader were the only new papers during 1870. N SEVEN NEWSPAPERS IN 1872. The year in which the ever memor orable Canton Convention was held was prolific in politics, new politi cians and new newspapers. That was the year when Colonel Moody, Judge Brookings and M. K. Armstrong sought to represent the dear people at Washington, and Armstrong won out after the hottest campaign ever held in the territory. The Dakota Herald was started at Yankton by Bates & Taylor to sup port Mr. Armstrong. The Times was started at Springfield by L. D. F. Poore to support Judge Brookings, the News was started at Canton by Arthur Linn to help Col. Moody along. Early in the summer the Pantograph was issued at Sioux Falls by W. F. Kiter to aid Judge Brook ings. The writer lowned Will Owens a hand press to print a newspaper at Vermillion, called the Reporter, to help Col. Moody along, and up north on the line of the ^Northern Pacific, the Republican was started at Fargo, and Col. C. A. Lounsbery began the publication .of the Bismarck Tribune. All are living today with' the excep tion of the Reporter and the Panta graph. Thus in the middle of that famous campaign in -1872, we find that there were eleven papers published in the territory. Two died "after the war,' leaving nine legitimate publications. In 1874, the Yankton Press and Union and Dakotian were consolidat ed, and we believe, the only newspa per change during th6 year, because the consolidation of the Yankton re publican papers brought peace and harmony to the warring factions by a compromise in the nomination of Judge Kidder for delegate to congress. The history of pioneer newspapers closes with 1872, because from that time to this all others is a matter of local history, and not a part of the "Early Newspapers." In 1876 a number of new newspapers were started including three in the Black Hills. There are only three men in the state today who were engaged in the newspaper business in the territory Haveyou tried the Flint Japan Tea? If not you are not getting the best. Try it g] and be convinced. Try a package of Gusto and get a 25c cup and saucer as a premium. The W insloW Coffees are rapidly making a place for themselves as they are strict ly first claisa Jello Ice Cream powder is a good one. Try Ivy Wreath pitted cherries, Doth red and white, they are strictly first class. Our ground spices are abso lutely pure and are sold at same price charged for com mon stuff. A good cream corn, 4 for 25c. All the standard breakfast j§ 'foods at reduced price, 10c. kinds 3 for 25c., 15c. kinds 2 for 25c. Try a package of rolled oates ana get a dish with every purchase. Ivy Wreath sweet potatoes are almost. as good as the real article—not wet and soggy. A nice line of thebestdried fruits. The finest value in bottled olives just received large and strictly first quality. Butter and eggs wanted at highest market price. Nothing Old or Out ofDato. before 1870, and they are F. M. Zei bach and George W. Kingsbury of Yankton, and the editor of the LEAD ER, and the other two have retired from business with honor and wealth. Oongiewnwn Mario delivered magnificent address on "Trusts from a National Standpoint" at the gradnation exercises of the law school at Ver million. RET. LYNDON V. SLOCTJMB, Physical Director at the Canton Assembly. Death ot Judge Brookings. No one of the early territorial pio neers was better known than W. W. Brookings, who came to Sionx Falls City in 1857, when the present state was apart of the Territory of Minne sota. He and the other brave spirits who came that year worked and planned for anew territory with the character istic energy of Empire Baildera" as Mr. Armstrong truthfully called them. When the Territory of Dakota was organized in 1861, Judge Brookings, Capt. Waldron, Major DeWitt, and nearly all the other Sionx Falls City boomers hurried aoross the prairie to Yankton and joined the Territorial boomers. He was elected a member of the Council 1861, taking hie seat in the first Territorial Council the 17 of March 1862. His district extended, from Union county to Pembina on the Canadian line. He was in the council in the second session representing Cole county and the Sionx Falls district. He was elected a member of the house from Yankton county to the third, fourth, and fifth sessions, the last session con vened on December 4, 1865. Those liv ing in the state today who served with him in the '65 session, are George W. Kingsbury. A. L. Van Osdel and A. M. English, all of Yankton. He was appointed a member of the Territorial Supreme Court in 1869 by President Grant, which office he retain ed for four years. He was one of the most energetic men we ever knew a thorough politician and a hard fighter. The split in the repub linUn party in 1870 and 1873 was large ly influenced by his determination to defeat Dr. Burleigh and Col. Moody, and, although fairly beaten for the nomination at the famous Canton Con vention, he made the race regardless of consequences and uansed the election of Mr. Armstrong, a democrat. He did much for the upbuilding of Sionx Falls. All the old pioneers will regret to hear of his death, which occured in Boston on June 13. mentand comfort of God's creatnree, and this acheivement of human know ledge has come to our country since the subject of his sketch was born, born as the storm echoes, of the revolution for human liberty were dying out, and Washington not five years dead. When one looks back over the his tory of this country for one hundred years, the creative genius of man stands out in startling contrast with all the previous centuries of the Christian era. and at the threshold of the twentieth century we of Canton are proud to honor a man who has lived through this period of the world's greatest pro gress. Born before railroads or steam boats had come to aid man in his con quest of nature, yet he is with us today in possession of fairly vigorous facul ties. Elijah Clark Sears was born at Bast Hampton, Connecticut, June 23, 1805, where he lived until he was 23 years of age. He comes from revolu tionary stock—his father and two uncles served with Connecticut troops under Washington, helping to create anew republic which the boy of 1805 has seen grow to a mighty nation. He was seven years old when the war of 1812 began and his eldest brother served as a soldier in that second strug gle with England. At the age of 21 he was marrried to Miss Anna B. Hill, and of that union six children were born, five of whom are living and all will attend the cen tennial celebration in his honor today. One daughter, Caroline, died in 1896. In 1828, Mr. Sears moved from East Hampton to Utica, New York, and he says that Utica was a smart little town at that time. In 1848, he and his wife and children started westward, locat ing at Algonquin, McHenry county, Illinois, where his first wife died in 1868. In 1872 he moved to Clinton, Iowa, and in 1874 was married a second time, but this companion of his joys and sorrows died six years later. No children were born of this union. In 1882 he moved to Ida Grove, Iowa, Canton's Centenarian The man or woman who reaches 80 years is classed among the aged, and those who march along past the mile stones of time until 90 are classed as one among a thousand, but when the cen tury mark is reached all are proud to honor the man or woman who has braved the storms and sunshine for snch a remarkable period. Think of it—think of what history tells us has taken place since 1805. A nation has grown from childhood to the greatest power on earth—greatest In all the ele ments that the ingenuity of man has been able to create for the enlighten- ELIJAH CLARK SEAKS. ADVERTISE IN THE LEADER. Largest Paper, Largest Circulation. 11.50 Per Year 7 1 ... ELIJAH CLARK SEARS, BQRN WHEN THOMAS JEFFERSON WAS PRESIDENT, CELEBRATES HIS CENTENNIAL WITH CHILDREN AND GRAND-, CHILDREN ON JUNE TWENTY-THIRD. where his son-in-law, William Shields, was living and with whom he has made his home ever since, coming to Canton with Mr. and Mrs. Shields in 1888. The five children of the first marriage are Francis Sears of Chicago, James Henry Sears of JameStown, North Dakota, John L. Sean of Sionx Falls, Amanda J. Shields of Canton, and Mary A. Banister of Elgin, IlUnbis. There have been 22 grand child ren born, 12 of whom are living, and there are 14 great grand ohildren. His first vote was oast for the Feder alist candidate for president in 1838, when General Jackson was elected as a democrat. After that he joined the Whigs and became an active republi can when the party was organized, and was the first man to vote at the recent city election in Canton. He has been a member of the Bap tist church for 70 years, and has never used tobacco or liquor. Of the many important events in hl» long life, none gives him so mnch sat isfaction, even unto this day, as the saving of three little girls from drown, ing in Lake Pocotopaug near East Hampton, when he was a boy of 19. The little girls were sliding on the ice which broke and they went under the water, Yonng Sears saw the accident and ran to their rescue. He jumped into the water and after a severe strag gle succeeded in getting the little ones out safely. He has been considerable of an in ventor in his time and secured patents on many of his inventions. He secured first prize on agate at the Iowa state fair in the early 80's and patented a cultivator and a washing machine, but his chief pride was the gate. He saw the first steamboat slowly plow the placid waters of the Connecti cut river under the name of "Oliver Ellsworth." It was shortly after Robert Fulton's-experiment on the Hudson. He describee the boat as be ing very slow and had canvass wings, as they termed them, on the sides, which acted as a motive power, but without much power. The Invention was a failure of course. He was a great fifer in his yonnger days and always turned ont with the militia, but his days of martial glory are over. He is living in the quiet en joyment of a grand and glorious old age, cheered by loving relatives and friends, with excellent appetite and all the comforts the old patriarch oould wish for. under the loving care of his daughter, Mrs. Shields, and his grand daughter, Mrs. Mary Smith. The guests at the centennial celebra tion today will be confined to children and grandchildren, but many of our people will call and congratulate the Centenarian. Chance of a jCifetimef Vo 'Decorate 2/our Jfcome Stop at "THE CASH SHOE STORE" and see the displays in the windows and you will know all about it. jtdolph 7[. ffiraystad, Canton, South Dakota SfWI •1.50 PER ANNUM. V*v« At S '"3 3'"^If! i! fy •*«ai -j it.