W S? I
rot/ JVyliVV TllK
Get it at the HAD Kit Office
VOI.UMK lrt. NUMBER 32.
P. A OVKKKKTII,
Low Rates West and Northwest.
Daily February 1ft to April 17.
Chicago, Milwaukee A St.
Hardware and Implement Co.
Mandt and Old Hickory
Considered by all dealers to be the best. Full line
of Sterling (loods. (Jale Sure Drop Planters.
iVloline and lioek Tsland Plows.
Rock Island Flexible Harrows,
the best harrow made.
Van Brunt, Moline and Ilenney Buggies, Majestic
Ranges, and a full line of Hardware.
Greatly reduced rates will be made
on the above dates to San Francisco,
Los Angeles, Portland, Tacoma, Seat
tle and many other points West and
Northwest. Half rates for children
of half-fare age. Liberal stop-overs
allowed on all tickets. Tickets are
good in Tourist sleepers. For further
information regarding rates, routes
and train service see nearest ticket
agent or write F. A. Miller, Gen
eral Passenger Agent, Chicago.
—The Japanese China at Dr. Noid's
drug store, is verv handsome.
—Fred II.Barrow wants you to know
that he repairs pumps and does all
kinds of pipe work. Shop opposite
Farmers Lumber Co. 47-tf.
—The "Star Crown" is the Canton
favorite. The best cent cigar on
the market. Try one and you'll en
joy it. *9
for Lump Jaw
E. J. Berigan:—
I have used your Lump .law Cure
on forehead and it was all right.
Canton', S. IX, Sept. 11, 1905.
For Sale by Dr. A. G. Noid.
Established in 1879
you want a fine job of Tin Work' done eall and
Sioux Valley Hardware & Imp. Co.
L. T. \ViKSTAI.
Farmers' State Bank
iF^eaicL J.JD Oetjpiteil $S5,000
individual Uenpoimibility of Stockholder* $400,000.
Short Time Loans. Farm Loans.
farmers and Merchants Business Respectfully Solicited.
Attention Oiven to Every Detail.
Careful and Personal
Mitflity Well Pleased.
We make the following extract
from a private letter from and old
time republican written at Mitchell,
but the author is a resident of
''I had the pleasure a day or two
since of reading an article in the
Sioux Falls Press, stating that you
had left the old sinking ship—the
machine, which did my heart good.
And I had the pleasure this evening
of reading vour presentation of
Charle Cassil'l as a candidate for
State Treasure, also your article,
"The Machine afraid of discredit."
It is a hummer. All I can say is,
God bless you in your efforts for purer
Please remember me to Bro. Cassill,
and tell him I hope he and all the
rest of the reformers will win."
The following letters remained un
called for in the Canton postotllce on
Saturday, January, 27, 190ti:
Ladding, Mrs. Emma
Wanson, Mrs. J.
Nysater, Martha O.
In calling for the above list please
The First National Bank
OF CANTON. S.
THOS. THORSON. President.
T. T. SMiTn. P. M.
—If you want the cigar of cigars,
smoke the "Star Crown," a 5 cent
cigar equal to any ten cent cigar
Chartered in 1882
4 Per Cent interest Paid and Computed
Transact a General Banking Bnainess and
Inviie yon to call and see us.
Safety Deposit Boxes to Rent.
V. CONKLIN, Vice President.
8 OIFPORD E. 8. O'NEIL. FERGUSON
TANDERSON, Cwhier. CHAS. A. GOETZ, Ass't Cashier.
Martin Traded IKS Men.
We find the following article in the
Lead Daily Call and it shows how
nicely the entire vote of the Black
Hills, Ll(i men, were traded off at the
Sioux Falls convention two years ago.
It takes the evidence of Editor Crow
of the Daily Call to convince us that
lie. American Citizens could be car
ried around in Mr. Martin's vest pock
et and disposed of for a promise that
will never be carried out. The arti
cle from the Call is headed:
WUJSKE'S ROT IIKit CROW?
"From the tone of several of the
Call's editorals in the past week or
ten days, we conclude that its editor
has gone over to the boxer element.
"Mr. Crawford has been very fav
orably mentioned and Senator Gam
hip's defense has been undertaken,
but not a word has been said in fa
vor of our Black Hills candidate for
the senatorship. What is the matter
Bro. Crow? The Republican papers
of the Hills would like to know where
you are at. "—Tribune.
The article to which the Tribune
calls attention and to which it ap
pears to take exception was from the
Minneapolis Tribune but republished
in the Lead Tribune a short time aft
er the republican state convention in
1904 and thereby hangs a tale.
"Boxer element" is good, and when
the fact is recalled that- the Black
Mills delegation was composed of U«
delegates who were supposed to rep
resent tlie so-called stalwart element
of the republican party (more par
ticularly known as the machine),
many of the members of that body
will remember what a narrow escape
that the entire delegation had from
being delivered individually and col
lectively to the "boxer element." It
has Ijeen common talk ever since that
eventful gathering that the Black
Hills delegation did not know which
faction of the party they were to
support until within an half hour or
so before the convention convened
for action. The boys were corralled
in the Elks' club rooms at Sioux
Falls waiting for instructions, when
they were finally advised that the die
had been cast for Mr. El rod instead
of Crawford. The "goods were de
livered" to a man, with one excep
tion. and that gentleman reserved
the right, and exercised it, to vote
for Crawford. He is now basking
under the warm rays of a tropical
sun, in a foreign, land, drawing a fat
Had the word been given to sup
port Crawford for governor as many
delegates supposed it would, we
presume the whole bunch would
today be regarded as boxers. Hence,
what a narrow escape the Black Hills
had from being turned over to the
enemy, according to "machine" ar
gument. The Call believes in a free
expression of the will of the people,
and is willing to take chances on the
wisdom they may display in the se
lection of leaders to carry the repub
lican banner under the Roosevelt
W. E. Abbott's Auctio i.
W. E. Abbott will have a big auc
tion sale at his place one mile west
and two arid three quarters miles
north of Canton, on Tuesday, Febru
ary (. The sale begins at one o'clock
sharp. r. Abbott has horses, cattle,
hogs, farm machinery and household
goods for sale. Colonels Repp and
Bodie will conduct the sale.
Nels N. Roinmereiiii Writes.
Ilankinson, N. D., Jan. 25, 1906.
Editor Linn: Inclosed find $1.50
to pay for an excursion ticket for the
Dakota Farmers' Leader for 52 trips
to Ilankinson, North Dakota. The
Leader and Brother Linn are the two
best friends I have got left in Canton.
Their" visit is always pleasant and
prompt. We like this country very
well and we are all in good health.
My best regards and wishes to all of
the Leaders' family.
From Yours Truly,
Nels N. Rom mere!
E. C. BECKER HAS GOLD MEDAL.
Edward C. Beckertlie "StarCrown"
cigar manufacturer of Canton, carries
a handsome gold medal for the gal
lant rescue of a soldier from the
fourth story of a burning building in
Providence, R. I. ia. January 1901.
Mr. Becker was a member of a hook
and ladder company and when it was
reported that one of the militia boys
was Overcome by smoke in the arm
ory on the fourth floor, Mr. Becker
was the first man to reach the help
leas soldier and carry him to safety.
For this gallant act Ladderman
Becker was presented a gold medal
by the city.
Brookings County Sale.
Geo. N. Breed, one of the able edi
tors of the Brookings Register the
leading republican paper of that
county for 24 years, writes the editor
of the Canton Leader that Brookings
county is safe for Roosevelt republic
anism and opposed to boss rule in this
state, and tliat Mr. Crawford had a
splendid meeting at Volga in spite of
the storm that prevailed.
Seven days of May weather in Jan
uary is something unheard of.
A Faithful LEADER In the Oaute of Economy and Reform, the Defender ef Truth and Juetlee, the foe of Fraud and Corruption.
CANTON. SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 2. HKMi.
1'laut Seed Corn From Large
Every man who has thought about
live minutes would expect the corn'
grains with large germs to throw up
stronger and more vigorous plants
than those with small germs. The
Michigan Experiment Station has re
cently published Bulletin No. lOti,
giving the results of experiments con
ducted last winter for the purpose of
determinating two points—the influ
ence of the size of the grain and of
the germ of corn upon the young
The results with regard to the size
of the germ are what might have
been expected, viz, that the germ
inating properties of the kernels con
taining different sizes of germs may
be equal: that Is, one may grow quite
as quickly as the other.
Second, that as the plants grow
larger, the hardiest and most vigor
ous plants come from the kernels with
the largest germs. Why should they
not? This Is what any thinking man
would expect, the reason being that
the large germs are the best nourish
ed and under similar conditions grow
Third, that the plants from kernels
with the largest germs withstand
drouth better, and for the same rea
son given above, namely, that they
are best nourished.
The experiments to determine if
the size of kernels, as determined by
the weight, have any effect on the
vigor of the plan show:
First—The heaviest grains do not
necessarily have the best germinat
Second --Plants from the heaviest
grains attain the greatest height,
when supplied with moisture, but
this need not hold true in time of
Third—Plant's from the highest
bred seed hold their vigor better than
others during drouth.
Fourth—The heaviest grains do not.
necessarily revive most quickly after
moisture has been supplied succeed
ing a drouth.
It should be stated that the experi
ments were conducted in hot houses"
where the moisture supply could be
controlled and were subject to periods
of drouth for the purpose of deter
minating the vjgor of the plants.
Our readers will see from the above
that there are a good many more
tilings about selecting seed corn than
the size or uniformity or triteness to
type. The size of the germ is often
more important than the size of the
grains. Therefore, in selecting your
seed corn for next year's growing, be
sure you have plenty of good, sound
germinating to select from. Do not
determine to plant an ear until you
have made careful examination of
the size of the germs: throw out the
small germs plant only the large
ones, and this for two reasons: That
by this method you will secure a more
vigorous growth, greater resistance to
hardships, whether of drouth or of
wet or cold weather, which frequent
ly occurs when the corn is sprouting,
or while it is coming up and besides
you will have a type of corn of greater
value because the germ contains a
very large percentage of the protein
and an unusually large proportion of
This may seem to some of our read
ers some of the fine points in breed
ing corn, but if fine, they are none
the less essential. We shall never get
the best results from the seed corn
investigations and experiments until
we get down to these finer points.
The reader will notice in the above
that the best results came from the
best bred corn without reference to
size of the grains. The experiments
were made to test the value of breed
ing as well as tiie size of the kernels
and the size of the germs.—Wallaces'
It is amusing to read the silly rot
in the Anjus Leader about how Gam
ble forced the machine to throw hiin
overboard and how Gamble is having
midnight meetings with Crawford
and Pettigrew. Those who have read
the Argus Leader can readily remera
ber how that paper endorsed Martin
in the same Issue with his announce
ment. The Argus Leader must think
that all its readers are fools.—Volin
A. 8. Stuckey's Auction.
Mr. Stuckey lives on the old Talbot
farm in Dayton township, three and
a half miles northwest of Canton, and
will offer for sale at auction on Thurs
day, February 8, a fine lot of cattle,
a number of hogs and farm machin
ery, besides seed corn, potatoes, hay
and other things needed by farmers.
Sale begins at one o'clock. Col. Repp
will do the selling and T. H. Ilelger
son will do the clerking.
Grant County In Line.
The News predicts that when the
caucuses are over and the votes count
ed in May, the machine gang will
have gone down to everlasting defeat.
Mr. Bently. will have the united sup
port of the Republicans of Grant
County for the nomination for Con
gressman from South Dakota.—Grant
—Brown bread made every Satur
day at the New Bakery.
A Beautiful Fading roeess.
The machine papers insist that the
insurgent movement is fading out.
it doubtless was this fading process
that led our present attorney general,
l'hilo Hall, to announce his candidacy
on the insurgent platform.
it doubtless was this fading process
that led Mr. Crawford to again an
nounce for governor.
It was doubtless this process that
has led Senator Cassill of Lincoln
county to announce his candidacy for
state treasurer on the insurgent plat
11. was doubtless this process that
led Carl Sherwood of (.'lark county to
write that manly and courageous let
ter published last. week.
it was doubtless this fading process
that has led Ustrud, the present su
perintendent of schools in Minnehaha
county, to announce his candidacy
for state superintendent on the insur
It was doubtless this fading process
that led Wesley Clark to put himself
in .sympathy with the movement in
It was this process that led Arthur
Linn to peel tlie hide off the machine
in his last editorial.
It is probably this fading process
hat leads four papers in Codington
county to oppose Brother Cory.
was this fading process t..at led
Judge Campbell to write to the editor
of The Press saying: "1 have no dis
position to shy at any of the political
luestions of the day, but will discuss
the matter with you when 1 see you."
11 was this process that has led in
the last four weeks at least a half doz
en Republican papers l,o begin to
ome out into advocacy for a more
open and square deal line of politics
in South Dakota.
It is this fading that has led the
ail road agents to begin to call to
council some county politicians and
office-holders to impress on them by
inuendo and otherwise that if they do
not "saw wood" for the public service
corporation gang they may lose their
Let the fading process go on into
the fadeless day of freedom from the
felonious and fraudulent fixing of a
Standini Kooni Only For Hens.
The theory of some people seems to
be that hens require standing room
only, and that if well fed they should
lay without regard to the size of their
quarters. Room is quite as essential
as feed. A place to roost is not the
only requirement of the hen The
chickens we keep must be producers,
and they must be given conditions
favorable to production. While the
farmer has not time to devote to ex
periments which to be of any value
must extend over some time and un
der like conditions, he lias no excuse
for not availing himself of the experi
ments of the various experiment sta
tions which are conducted for the
most part very carefully and accu
rately. A question of sufficient, im
portance to be given a series of ex
periments lasting over a year in the
experiment stations of different states
is of sufficient importance to receive
the attention of the farmer.
The Maine Experiment Station con
ducted a series of experiments with
hens to ascertain how many hens
could be kept with profit in a certain
sized pen. In a pen where fifteen
liens were kept with ten and one-half
square feet each of room they gath
ered 97(i eggs during the test twenty
hens in the same sized pen laid 1.208
eggs twenty five liens laid 1,328 and
thirty hens 1.203. That is, thirty
liens laid but 227 more eggs than fif
teen hens in the same size house, and
ate twice as much.
In another similar experiment a
house was divided in two equal parts.
In one half of this building ninety
May hatched Barred Rock Pullets
were put and daily records kept with
them for eleven months. In the other
half sixty pullets of the same age
were put in the same day and treated
in the same manner. Where the nine
ty birds were together they averaged
103 eggs each, and where the sixty
birds made up the flock they averaged
109 eggs each. None of these birds
were crowded, however, having 5.1
square feet each in the house of nine
ty, and 7.0 square feet in the house
of sixty. TliLs experiment was carried
on also through the summer time
when the hens needed very little
room as compared to the winter,
when they would be confined to the
houses most of the time. The aver
age farm chicken house does not give
5.1 square feet of floor space to each
hen, but the question of room does
not arise once where the question of
feed comes up a dozen times. Plenty
of room, plenty of litter, and the hens
made to work for their living, will do
much to increase the egg yield.
Philo Hali, whom no republican
can criticise, is getting the usual
amount of abuse by the machine for
daring to aspire for congress without
their consent.—Violin Times.
Chester Kennison of this city,
of Wiliiam Kennison, has Joined
U. S. secret service and
gone to San
It's Not the Price Alone
Ifas Proven Himselt Worthy.
Hon. l'hilo Hall has announced ills
candidacy for Congress, dependent
upon nomination at the republican
convention next May. Mr. Hall has
a record that places him at a great
advantage among those who arc seek
ing the honor of representing this
state at Washington, and will un
doubtedly add strength to the wing
of the republican party which he in
tends to advocate. He is a man who
has done things, and one who is
equipped for doing things in the fu
ture. It is a pity that the republican
party in South Dakota is in such a
state of internecine conflict that a
man like Mr. Hall cannot receive the
hearty support of all the members of
his party in the state. His record as
ittorney general has been one of un
failing victory for the state against
the corporations and combinations
which he has fought. He is a man
who is possibly better fitted to qualify
as an active member of the South
Dakota delegation to Washington
than any other man who might be
selected. If a better man than Philo
Hall is to be in the running let him
show up, and we will throw up our
hat for him be iie machine or insur
gent, but at the present writing we
are for Hall, and we opine that we
shall he for Hall until the delegation
to the state convention give, him
their unanimous vote for the nomina
tion for Congressman from South Da
We enjoyed a pleasant visit last
Saturday with our old and esteemed
friend J. F. Ferguson of Minneapolis.
He was formerly one of Canton's lead
ing business men and is still a direct
or in the First National bank of this
city. He is now a member of Coffin's
Box and Lumber company of Minnea
polis and is treasurer of the company.
The business is growing rapidly under
the able management of Mr. Fergu
son and lifs associates, lie takes a
great interest in the relief fund for
Mrs. John Berwin, whose husband
sacrificed his life to save a woman
whom he was carrying out of the
West hotel. Berwin saved the woman
at the sacrifice of his own life. Mr.
Ferguson says the relief fund will
reach $20,000 before he and other
admirers of the heroic Berwin will be
satisfied. A widow and four children
are to be provided for.
"Too Quietly"—That's Good.
Col. Linn of the Canton Leader has
come out for the insurgent cause.
Col. Linn was commandant of the
soldier's Home during Gov. Lee's ad
ministration and afterward returned
to the republican ranks. Things were
moving along too quietly for a man of
his fiery proclivities.—Groton inde
-Valentines for young and old at
ADVERTISE IN THE
iMrgeat Paper, Largeti
Circulation. $1.60 Per Year
of the SHOES you buy. If you will but
step in and tell us what kind of a Shoe you
want and for what purpose you want it, we
can save you both time and money.
We are, yours for Shoes for 19(X5,
THE CASH SHOE STORE.
$1.50 PBK ANNUM.
that is to be considered. It's the
Notice to Settle l/p.
The Mutual Lumber Company wish
to call the attention of those who
know themselves indebted to the
company to call at their office and
settle up the past year's accounts at
the earliest date possible.
—Celebrated Gold Foil flour—none
better. Feed and ground oyster shell
for chickens. East side of court
house. BBUCB OUM.
PflDKI 23rd ANNUAL
EARLIEST AND HARDIEST
Of Everything ON EARTH.
Every person who tills feet ef
land need* it. Send fer it new.
OSCAR H. WILL A CO.. -f,
ttlSMARCK. NORTH DAK.!
5th Street, Canton.
Everything the Finest
in Bakery Goods, and
Wedding Cakes a Specialty
We make everything in our line.
The finest line of
to be found in the city/-'
R. R. PALMER, Prop.
(The Main St. Restaurant.)
Board by the Week.
Board by the Day.
Specialty of Short Orders.
Everything the Best.
BOYLES & BOYLES.
Successors to B. Hanson.
Perfect In OoaHtjr
Moderate in Frloa
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