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P. U, DETECTIVES Under Guise of “Palmist” They Effect an Important Capture. CAUGHT WITH THE GOODS Postmaster Who Was Considered Abovs Suspicion, Found to Be Systematically Pilfering- From the Kansan City Star. The mail carrying remittances for Several firms in X If Z, Kan., had gone astray, .it least the contents, amount ing to 13.000, had never reached their destination. Such an amount is en titled to create something of u sensa tion in a small town, and the urgent appeals' and threats that went to the postofflee department in Washington resulted in one of the best men in th<> service being given the case. The peo ple of the town did not know this, how . ver, for nearly a month, and when they found it out they received the shock of their lives. Inspector Crafty was an artistic .cok ing chap with a Van Dyke b-aid of light color and u pretty pink skin. Ills appearance and demeanor were so un like what would be expected of a sleuth that his profession was never sus pected except when it was revealed at a trial. He went quietly into X Y Z with a young assistant, and soon was installed in two rooms directly over * the postofflee as "Professor Teller palmist." He hastened to have his sign painted c.n the door, and his assistant busily distributed hla cat da. Crafty's whiskers were something of a sensation in the town, ai d they drew him con siderable trade, but Crafty was not there to tell fortunes In general—he was interested in the past, present and future of only one person, and h<* meant to learn hla "fortune b fore in l told It to anyone. For this reason it chit need that those who called on Professor 't eller were politely asked by the assistant, stationed In the outer room, to excuse the professor today as he was busily engaged at the present. All of which was very true, for the "Professor spent all the hours of the day lying flat on his stomach with his eyes peer ing through gimlet holes he hau made In the floor. Ht* had a full view ot every corner of the small postofflee and his later report proved that every transaction luring his stay In X Y Z came under his observation. In the meantime “Professor” Crafty had learned the history of the town and ov> ry one in it. Suspicion was narrow(• d down to three people. Post master Hanks, Miss Scott. Ids assist ant, and Tim Blake, the man who car ried the mail bags to and from the trains. The town people thought Blake might possibly be guilty, the post master and Miss .Scott never. But Blake had shown no particular signs of increased wealth; he was the same Jovial ‘ quare” man of old Miss Scott was preparing to be married, but her simple trousseau showed no signs of having come from a flooded bank ac count, Postmaster Hunks —why, he was the poobah of the village. He was the pillar of his own church, and a contributor to the opposition just to bo public spirited. He was superin tendent of the Sunday school, the host, most genial, charitable and thoroughly good man In the town. He had the sweetest, best loved little wife in the place and happiness beamed In his ev ery glance. He was u hard worker, too. The postofflee door swung open every mcrnlng in answer to his key, and he was the person who locked it again every night. Crafty investigat ed them all and found the rumored good reports to be true. He was ‘‘up a stump" and had decided that the people who thought they had lost money in that postofflee must have dreamed it: There was no more model branch of the government In the Unit ed States lie had decided to give it up as a bad job and told the assistant they would pack that night for Wash ington. About 3 o'clock that afternoon the assistant rushed In from the outer of fice and exclaimed: ‘ There’s a customer to' see you!” "Well, you know the answer. I’m btuy. I don’t see why you——” "But it s Mrs. Hanks," the assistant lot rrupted “The postmaster’s wife?" ’ Vi'iTMlifr'N ’..iiV i iM . . "_ILl_ a.. | Crafty paused only a moment. Then h" '"iil resolutely: *Sh v. her In. I’M take .<» last chance at tbi mo before leaving this town." Mrs, hanks was timid about having her fortune told, even though she wanted it done very much. It was a new experience for her. but Crafty put h'»- at ease in a moment as he spun nT e great nmnv things he had learned Hhin" her past during his Investigation, to .M of which she eagerly added: "Th it’k true! How wonderful!" gave her the most magnificent r :> iny eyer delivered from a palmist and at the end he eyed her keenly as ■ b l ' **«*H "But i’i all this there Is something W’"-i ■ you. some secret trouble is ratin ' - your thoughts. Tills trouble Include-? some one very close to you. You omnot roe your way clear. But you must not worry. When the time rotre*. as i.t will come soon, for you to f'lf your story. you mrust teii the truth just jis you know it. no matter whom It hurts, and everything will out all right." L r \ Hard:.? gave no evidence of be -1 • t.vachcd on a tender spot by Oru'tV’s effort, and after she was gone the ‘Professor” told his assistant that he was truly sorry he had done it. ‘•She's u mighty sweet, and pretty woman." he.added. !‘aml I ought to be ashamed of myself. But I am at the point where I've got to take chances." < 'ratty : at in study for a long time. ' Well." he ruminated. "If her hus » nd had anything to do with that rob bery and she knows anything about It, there’ll surely be developments. She'll tell him the minute she gets home. If they’re innocent, I guess there's no particular harm done. If you’ll use the observation holes I’ll take a nap. I’m going to sit: up tonight." U was 3 o' clock lrt the morning when Crafty, who had been lying on the floor with his ear next to the auger hole, thought he heard movements In 5} Sites .room .be!«*r. Hla eye Replaced hi* ear and the reward was an occasional ray of light that came and went like* that of a large firefly. Urafty knew there was someone in the postofflee with an electric dark lantern, but he could not distinguish even the outline of the figure of a man. After «i wait of ten minutes, and Ids eyes Hnd become used to the work, h“ was rewarded by 1 peeing a hand in the -ay of light, and th hem! rli ;• letter. The hand deft- Ti.e mm. • was on expert gt there, < ■ 1 ■ • could be no doubt. Here was the thief walking right Into a prison cell. Crafty hastily summoned his assist ant and bade him watch and remem ber everything 1 e could see through that hole. Crafty crept noiselessly down the steps and waited in the street. In an hour the man carefully tiptoed out of the postofflee door. Before he could lock It behind hint Crafty had hhn by the throat und wrists. His shrill whistle brought the assistant In a hurry, and by means of the thief’s own dark lantern they looked into the face of—Postmaster Hanks. They took SBOO out of his pockets and led him to his home. Sachels packed for a Journey were in the hallway and Mrs. Hanks was sitting up awaiting her husband’s return. Crafty’s "last chance" had been well taken. The postmaster alarmed by the fortune told his wife, had go#.- to the postofflee to featlier Ills nest before taking a Jour ney. * He did take a Journey that same morning In company with Crafty and his assistant. The town of X Y Z did not know the truth about it until the time of the trial In the federal court. The people still believe he is innocent and they cry out at the government for ruining a splendid man. But Postmas ter Hanks is In the federal prison and the evidence that convicted his was Crafty’s statement: ”1 caught hltn with the goods." ABOUT SHOES. Earliest Reference is Found in the Old Testament. Chicago News: What is regarded as the earliest reference to shoes is found in the Old Testament, where Abraham refused to take as much as a shoe latchet from the King of Sodom. Among the Jews the shoe played an Important part In many social Usages. When buying or selling land it was customary to deliver a shoe, and the act of. throwing down a snoe on terri tory Implied occupancy. The finding of sandals on Egyptian iiftnmnies proves that the wearing of shoes is almost as old as the race Itself. In Venice in the seventeenth century every lady of any pret< nslon to fashion or position wore what were called "choppines," high clogs or pattens, to elevate them from the ground. Thomas Coryat, a traveler Who visited Venice In 1611, says of them: "They are so common In Venice that no woman doeth without either in her house or abroad. It is a thing made of wood and covered with leather In sundry colors, some white, some red, some yellow. Many of. them are curi iusly painted; some, also, of them have I seen fairly gilt. There are many of these chaplneys of a great height even half a yard high; and by how much the nobler a woman is, by so much the higher are her chaplneys. AM their gentlewomen, and most of their wives and widows that are of any wealth are assisted or supported either by men or women when they walk abroad, to the end that they may not full." Fortunes have been lavished upon shoes. Men as idely apart In every circumstance of life as Sir Walter Ra leigh and Caligula had their shoes en riched with precious stones to tho value of thousands of dollars.. When the tomb of Henry VI of Sicily, who filed in 1197, was opened In the cathe dral or Palermo shoes made of cloth of gold and embroidered with pearls were found on the dead monarch’s feet, and also on those of his queen. In the time of Louis XIV of France the courtiers of Versailles were remarkable for their boots, tho tops of which were enor mously large and wide and were decor ated with a profusion of costly lace. Even horseshoes have been made to serve the purposes of extravagance and display. Sabina Poppaea, the beautiful and luxury loving wife of the Roman Emperor Nero, Is said to have had her mules shod with gold. AM the World over horseshoes are supposed to pos sess some occult power of attracting luck and warding off evil. Money Making Fairs. From Harper's Bazar. There Is one new plan by which the maximum of money is made with the minimum of work—this is the sample fair. The manufacturers of everything salable are solicited for samples of the goods, such as cereals, soaps, pickles and preserves, bluings, cocoas and syrups. With what is sent In response all that is left to be done Is to arrange a room, place the goods on tables and sell them at the same prices charged in the shops. Often some cocoa manu facturer will be glad to serve hot choco late by way of advertisement, and that with biscuits or snuill cakes, also fur nished free of cost, will provide refresh ments. and the net result will be a surprising sum. The fair, however, does net compare in attractiveness with one .where some pretty idea is carried out, such as In the poppy fair, where all the booths arc done in white crepe pApei decorated with red poppies, and all the girls are dressed to correspond in white gowns and paper huts covered with popples. Still another attractive bazar is a Dutch fair. The imitation and tickets are printed In red, on yellow, the booths are decorated in yellow, and the girls who serve wear Dutch costumes with little Dutch caps, and everywhere tulips are plated, in reds and, yellows. For a ••grab bug" there is a flower garden where one can pull up tulips which have . mull bundles In place of bulbs. Last of all comes the rainbow fair. Hire each booth, is in one’of the rain bow colors with a colored rainbow bent over Its top, and the girls within are dressed in colors which match the booth. Busy. "Is she a business woman?'* "Yes." “What business is she interested In?" “Everybody's."—lndianapolis Jour* nn l. To Put th* D**l*r Wis*. Smith—l notice that some of thos* barrels of oystars are marked A and some marked B. Are they different Brown (an oyster packer)—No; but they're differently packed. Some peo ple want a barrel opened at the top aad I some at the bottom. vs , COLONY HOUSE FOR CHICKS. The Idea that a chick is able to care for Itself and stand all sorts of weather as soon as It Is old enough to leave the moth • r’» wing is wrong for the growing period is the most important in their lives and during this tlrm they must have the best of can if they are to amount to any thing. The coop known as the colony coop is built in different ways according to the idea of the builder, but unless It is so con structed that it will keep the chicks dry and otherwise comfortable it is of little use. Tin- id.- ii coop is made ample in size to accommodate the birds placed in it and this varies according to the sze of the house, but it is important that ttic birds are not crowded. The house should set up from the ground so there will be a good circulation of air under it thu« preventing dampness; the roof should slope and three quarters of the front, behind which are thi roosts, being made solid. The other three sitfi-s are of solid lumber, but there should be a window in the back, also covered with fine wire screen, to furnish ventilation. At the lower part of the boarded front a hole should be cut large enough to let the chicks in and this should be arranged with a sloping walk to the ground, covered with cleats, so that the birds may walk up it easily. An arrangement of curtains should be provided for so that they may be let down over the wire front when the wind blows or the weather gets cold in the fall. A door of solid wood should also be provided to lot down over the entrance In stormy weather so that there is no dan ger of the chicks catching cold. Such a house, or a number of them, as described is by no means expensive and if r’ghtly built the growing chicks can occupy them unt.l tim«- for them to go into the larger houses late in the fall or early winter. VARIOUS KINDS OF PRIVET. One of the best of plants to use for the purpose of marking dividing lines is the privet of which there are several varieties although It is not a plant to be used when stock is to be turned in for it will not an swer the purpose. A number of journals are advocating tho planting of the variety Lucidum which grows very nicely in the warmer sections of the country, but is not hardy, without considerable w'nter protection, even as far south as New Jer sey where we have tested it for several years; We like its habit of growth bet tor than the ovallfoMum (California privet) and if it was as hardy as the latter variety would be preferrable. The California privet is the best variety for the north and should be more generally planted than it is. Young plants may be bought for a very small sum and they wiM root and thrive in any soil that Is fairly rich, but is especially partial to a ratiier sandy soil. Along the sandy coast of New Jersey, there are literally miles of the California privet planted, taking the place of the fence. When the farm fence begins to show - evi dence of age plan to replace it with the privet setting the plants before it is neces sary to remove the fence so that they will have reached n proper degree of bushiness before the fence is removed. Plants may he set in the spring or the fall. SKIN TROUBLES OF HORSES. Several correspondents have written asking for remedies for a number of skin troubles from itch to putrid exema and in nine cases out of ten claim that the horse is having good care. One correspondent was located near the writer so we called on him and if ever l was tempted to swear at a man it was when I saw the filthy con dition of his horse. The animal looked as if he had not felt a brush much less a curry in six months. Soros were coming all over his sides from rubbing against his stall and in these sores maggots and some other vermin we did not recognize were plainly seen. The hoofs of the animal were foul with decayed manure and altogether he was a sorry sight. Of course this Is an exception, but one scarcely realizes how liable a horse is to skin trouble during the summer when he perspires at his work and is not properly cleaned. Of course in some of these cases there is an Internal disarrangement at tho bottom of the trouble and In such cases corn should be cut out of the diet and laxative foods sub stituted. For a horse with a skin trouble groom thoroughly each day and wash the afflicted parts with a solution of one dram each of carbolic acid and sulphuric acid In a pint of water. If the bowels are not In good condition give two ounces of blauber salts dissolved in the drinking water both night and morning for several days. SELLING EGGS BY THE POUND. While it is admitted that there is a de cided difference in the weight of eggs of .equal suze according to the feeding meth ods employed and also that larger eggs weigh the most it is hardly to be expected that consumers can lie made to understat'd this to the point where they ar«- willing to buy egs by weight. A beter plan would be to assort ihe egs. !f there was a differ ence in size, and ask a higher price for larger eggs. This Is just as fair to the consumer as to ask a higher pr.ee for the larger specimen* of fruit. Of course the ibest w ay of all is to have breeds which iky Vggs uniform in size and these of the larger siz» a then there will be little trouble in t elling them for what they are worth if they are strictly fresh. Some people'have »* deep rooted objection to buying eggs yrhen they must pay a higher price for phe strictly fresh ones. A poultryman friend found he was having considerable 'trouble along this line so made It his busl ines* to buy a few dozen store eggs each jiay aud carry .with him. When his cus tomer* demurred at his price for strictly Ifresh eggs he would offer the other* at the ( store price, but without any warrant and he found that he never made a second sale Id the store eggs to the same customer nor U.d they berate him because they were not up to ihe mark; they bought them kig>w- Ing tin y were not guaranteed. The plan is a legitimite one and worth trying. FERTILIZING CHEAP LAND. 1 A reader of this department takes excep tion to the advice to use commercial fer- Ufizcfs In considerable quantities and M- I pec tally when such fertilizers are of the special brands applied to the growing crop and which arc usually high in price. Our friend sees only one side of the argument for we did not advise the indiscriminate use of fertilizers, for this would be folly. Take an acre of cheap land, for example, located in a section where any farm pro duct sold for very low prices and one was far from market. To use commercial fer tilizers under such circumstances would be suicidal, but on the other hand, supposing the same land was located within easy distance of a market where a crop, say pitatoc-, brought goed pi Ices and the tanu, if properly fertilized, would produce a gnod crop. Surely It would pay under .-uch circumstances to use the commercial fer tilizers liberally. There are farms in New England which can he bought for low prices which would produce profitable crops if properly fertillzi d because the sec tion is densely populate ! and the markets are go* 1. The same f *rm in more sparse ly settled communities could not be handlt d in the sunn w ay. WATER ESSENTIAL FOR SHEEP. Sheep on pasture are as much lu need of water as when in winter quarters and one lias only to see them drink when of fered clean fresh water to realize their need for it. By far the best plan is to let them drink from a running stream if the water is pule but they will not do this if the bottom is of a character t<f cause muu to come to the top whe n they step In. A portion of the stream can be arranged for drinking purposes tri the following manner. It requires considerable labor but it will pay if one has. a number of sheep. Select tht< proper place and build a bulkhead In such a manner that the sheep can r< aeh over it and drink. If it is necessary lor them to step into the water in order to reach the drinking place clean out the bed of the- stream where they are to walk and fill it with gravel, making a firm bottom which will not east up mini. If this plan is not feasible then provide troughs of some kind which may be filled from the stream or In any handy way. Also pro vide little pans of salt to which the sheep will have free access. Give them the salt and plenty of good water and they will thrive on even an Indifferent pasture. TRY THIS IN POULTRY HOUSES R<•member that with both old hens and growing chicks cleanliness Is essential dur ing warm weather and especially so if th - flock occupies the same houses they are f o occupy during the winter. Even though there may not be many weeks more of very warm weather it will pay to remove the permanent windows from tho house: - and substitute fine wire netting, but ur ranging so that the opening may be closed in the event of a bad storm. Clean the floors several, times a week and after each «. leaning sprinkle the floor with a weak so lution of carbolic acid. While the fowls ar. on the range us. wliit. wash freely on roosts, nest boxes and on the walls. Have an old broom and scrub the cracks where the roosts are fastened to the building with whitewash; it would be better, how ever, to have the roosts which could be taken down. Find some way of letting the sun into the poultry house as freely a:- possible especially after It has been cleaned. See to the water carefully. Give it to the birds in small quantities several times daily and three or four times a week scald each drinking vessel, and then put it in the hot sun for an hour or two. Un- der cover somewhere have a quantity of d an dry saw dust two or three inches deep and near it a pile of clean straw; the straw for them to scratch In after wards It will prevont them from mop ing because their feet are wet and possibly getting sick. WINTER SHEDS FOR COWS. Two years ago our barns and sheds were destroyed by tire and the sheds were not rebuilt largely because we felt we could not afford the expense. In looking over the records of the dairy during the two winters and comparing them with those of previous years it seems that the sheds are necessary, so we are now building them. They are simple lean-tos made of cheap lumber and the cracks tilled in with paper and lathed ever. A number of small windows are placed in the ends and the front so that the shed may be as light as possible. After the ccws are milked and hive eaten they are turned loose in this shed, where there is a liberal pile of clean straw for them to Me or. and a rack of good size rlMed with straw, corn stover or other roughage for them to munch over during the day. The animals are in this shed all day unless it is fair enough so that they can be in the yard a portion of the day. They are turned out in the yard for a short period each day no matter how cold the weather for they need that amount of fresh air. Formerly we had an ! occasional animal who would do a little hooking and she was promptly put back in the stall. After being punished in this way several times sne seemed to realize the why for and no trouble was experi enced. This shed idea is well worth con sidering by any man with six or more cows. PREVENTING THE WASTE OF SLOP. When slop is poured into tho troughs for the swtn much of it is wasted in various ways, usually through the carelessness of itio worker or the ininfcieuve of the ani mals. A good way to overcome this is to arrange a permanent funnel at the high er end of the trough. Make it of four boards each three feet long, the two side pa*, . a being twelve Inches wide and the o her two twilve inches wide at the top are) graduating until six inches wide at tne bottom: this Is to give the proper slope to the funnel. Nall the funnel firmly to the trough with a heavy cleat at each ; id* for support. It Is aisc a good pt*n t* di vide the trough by strips of beard over the top. which will prevent the animals from crowding too much. Th< Illustration shows both the construction of the funnel and the division of the trough. Question of Jolly. From the Washington Star " "The road .to a man’s heart lies through his stomach,’ Senator Brice is quoted as having once said," remarked a well known naval officer at the Kb bitt today, lately home from a foreign station. ‘‘And that aphorism cannot find more fitting application than in the navy,” continued the officer. "A commissary steward who is a good Jollier can do Wore to make the rank and tile of the ship s men satisfied with navy rations than the most diplomatic efforts on the part of the commanding officer. This question of feeding the men is often the source of great annoyance to a well Intending officer. I have been assigned to ships where kicks over the food became so serious and menacing that the captain was forced to appoint a hoard of inquiry to look after the mat ter. Our best efforts often failed to trace the real cause, and we were dis posed to think that the whole trouble was largely Imaginary. However, be as it may, on board of ships where the commissary steward is a close, or even superficial, student of human na ture It can be seen that the men in dulge in remarkably little of that grumbling over the food. I had a good chance to observe this on the ship 1 have just returned home in. The com missary steward was a big. good nat ured Irishman, ever ready to see the brighter side of things, and always had on tap a witty, entertaining story. He ! was very popular with the men, and, in fact, popular with the officers, too. Every day Just before mc-al time he could be seen going among the men, slapping one or more of them on the | back, sniffing the air as if he smelled ! something good to eat nearby, and at ■ the same time making funny facial I contortions. He would follow this up j by saying: ‘Well, boy’s, line up for it he best meal you ever had in your 1 life.’ *• ‘Same old story, I suppose —salt j (horse and biscuits,’ one of them would j [interrupt. •‘ Not on y’our life.’ he would go on. I 'Couldn’t be better at home. Frieasse j of spring lamb and dumplings, mashed j potatoes, stewed corn, apple fritters with champagne sauce, and, if you’re real good. I’ll have a bottle of your favorite brand served up. " ‘Now can you beat that for swell service?" he would end up. "This whole recitation would sound so incongruous to the rest of the crew that it could not fall to appeal to their sense of humor. The result would be ithat when they filed down to mess call there wouldn’t be one among them who had nerve enough to kick at any- | .thing. "After all,” mused the officer thought- | fully, “what is better in life than a ’ little well directed ‘Jolly?’ We all of us J at some time fall to its subtle influence, J the high and the low, the meek and the | mighty." A Nice Point. Yonkers Statesman: Bacon—Russia ant. Japan both desire peace, do they not? Egbert—Yes. Bacon—Well, what remains to be de cided ? Egbert—Which will give the biggest piece. Lesson for Women. Jersey Shore. Pa., Aug. 28.—<Spe . | rial.) —"Dodd's Kidney Pills have done > worlds of good for me.” That’s what Mrs. C. B. Earnest of this place has to say of the Great American Kidney Remedy. “I was laid up sick,” Mrs. Earnest ! continues, "and had not been out of bed for five weeks. Then I began to j use Dodd’s Kidney Pills and now I am so I can work and go to town without | suffering any. I would not be without Dodd’s Kidney Pills. I have good rea- j son to praise them everywhere." Women who suffer should learn a lesson from this, and that lesson Is • "cure the kidneys with Dodd’s Kidney ; Pills and your suffering will cease.” , Woman's health depends almost entire ly on her kidneys. Dodd’s Kidney Pills have never yet failed to mako j healthy kidneys. Willing to Oblige. From the Chicago Tribune. "Would you marry a man In whose family there was consumption?" he asked, just because he couldn't think of anything else to say. "Oh, I didn’t know any of your peo ple had ever had it,” she answered. "If you wish, I can get ready by Saturday night, so that we can take advantage of the excursion rates to Colorado." “t had Inflammatory RhrumatUm, but I am well low, thank* to Dr. David Kennedy'* Favorite KemedT, U’sth) beet friend." Oarrett Lanelna, Troy. N, Y. Dealing in Futures. "Well, Emmy, what does your nu want today?" "Please, sir, ma wants an egg’s worth of molasses," carefully placing a large white egg on the counter. A little molasses was poured out and the clip set before the customer. "Mr. Smif,” she said, as she took her purchase, “I’ll be back in a little while for some ginger. Ma said to tell you the black hen was on.”—Harper’s Mag azine. *!rm. Winslow * socrraiwa s-saci* ror Children tsethuiK; softens the gam*, redaces indnmrnauon. -ny* t>nin. cures wind onlio. X>cen. a octtie Squirrel Lives with Kittens. From the Eastern Maine Gazette. One day, while Ralph Films of Dex ter was in the woods after crows to hang in the corn field for scarecrows, he found in an old crow’s nest a very small, you g red squirrel, which he took home alive. After exhibiting It to the family he gave It to the cat, which has three small kittens, suppos ing she would make a dainty ineal of It at once. Instead she very carefully carried it into the nest on the hay where the kittens were. A few days later, on going to look at the kittens, what was the surprise to find the squir rel alive and happy, the old cat having adopted it. seeming to think as much of it as of her own offspring, while tie* squirrel takes kindly to its new mother, and is sleek and fat as the kit tens. Two bottles of Piso’s Cure for Con sumption cured me of a terrible cough Fred Hermann, 209 Box avenu*, Buffalo. N. Y.. Sent- 24 190 L ' Natures Heart. From Puck. "Is It lively out here?" "Sure, the old residents won't associate with the summer cottagers; the cottagers detest the campers; the campers loathe the excursionists." "And the excursionists?" "They hate each other." CASTOR IA For Infanta and Children. lit Kind Yon Han Always Bought Care of Clover Seed There is a fine prospect for a big clover seed crop this season. To secure seed of higlt quality requires careful handling and grading. Of all the grass seeds coming into the market c lover is the most mixed, largely due to careless cutting and no cleaning at all. Here Is what \V. M. Munson, of the depart ment of agriculture, says along this line: "I have gathered 28 samples of clover seed from different parts of the world. Eleven of these samples were obtained from various places in the United States. They were tested in two different ways to determine their germinating qualities. One test was by putting the seed under moistened blot ting paper and the other by planting it In the soil under the usual conditions that it must undergo. The result was that under the blotting paper 88 per cent, of this clover seed grew, while 41 per cent, of the seed grew that was placed in the ground. One sample from Minnesota that showed a germin ating test of 94 under blotting paper showed a germinating test of 54 in the field. Of a sample from Denmark that showed a test of 92 under paper only’ 17 grew in the soil test. The soil test of the seed grown in the United States varied from 19 to 71 per cent, with the average of 41. The results of this ex periment teaches three valuable les sons, and explains the cause of the fre | quern controversies that have arisen over the amount of clorer seed that : should be sown In order to get a good | stand. Those who read the agricul tural papers and visit the farmers’ in stitutes noticed that it is seldom j that two farmers will agree on the proper amount of clover seed to sow to the acre. All the way from 2 quarts, to a peck is recommended. This differ ence could easily arise from the clover seed having such a great difference in I germinating qualities. The lessons taught are that clover seed should get better care than It usually receives be tween cutting and threshing time. There is no doubt that much of its vitality is destroyed by being left for months on the ground during the damp weather in the fall of the year, lc should never be sown without being tested, and the testing should be done »n the soil and under simlllar condi tions to its being sown in the field, and (n buying this seed a few dollars should not be permitted to stand in the way of | ;he purchase of bright, plump seed, in oreferenee to seed that is shrunken or ; of a dull color. RUST IN WHEAT. Rust is bothering wheat growers; ,ind, it seems that our scientists are all at sea about it. Professor Bailey, of North Dakota, Is working hard on the problem. Here is what he says: "Last year, 1904, we found that the berry of the wheat was often attacked by the stem rust. Later investigations teach us that in many samples of the | reed wheat which was grown upon the rusted crops of 1904 there was as high •j as 20 to 30 per cent, of the wheat I grains which were internally attacked. This is a discovery entirely new to | students of wheat rust. We have fur ! ther found that all such wheat grains, • which were not otherwise injured, sprouted and grew normally. We have not as yet been able to prove definitely ! that such wheat grains become uttack -1 ed from these internal spores. “The spores are found in such in fected grains usually at the germ end j just over or under the embryo wheat ! plant; but we have found them in other parts of the seed. One can, j usually tell all such Internally infected grains by the fact that they are black ! or brown on the seen end. So far we have been able to gnd only the spores of i fhe stem rust on the inside of wheat grains; but both the summer spores I ,ind the winter spores occur in the ; spore beds. "We have accumulated many other j Observations which indicate that both I these species of rust may come from I Inside of the seed, but the absolute proof Is yet wanting.” FACTS ABOUT ALFALFA. Alfalfa seed weighs sixty pounds to the bushel. For a hay crop, sow 20 to 30 pounds of seed per acre. For a crop of seed, sow 14 to 18 pounds per acre. Sow clean seed. Sow alone, without any nurse crop. The latter is often just as harmful as the weeds. Screen alfalfa seed before sowing to separate the dodder and other weed seed. Dodder is the worst enemy of alfalfa. Sow alfalfa in the spring, as soon as the ground is warm—from the middle of May. Sow in drills or broadcast. Do not cover the seed too deep. Alfalfa does not attain maturity un til the third or fourth year; therefore, do not sow it expecting to get the best results In less time. Alfalfa grows best on a deep, sandy loam, underlaid by a loose and permea ble soil. It will not grow if there is in excess of water In the soil. The land must be well drained. Alfalfa is a deep feeder. Plow land ; deeply. Cut hay when the first flowers ap pear. If cut in full bloom the hay will be woody and less nutritious. Cut for seed when the middle clust ers of seed pods are dark brown. To make alfalfa hay cut In the fore noon and let ic wilt; then rake Into K lndrowg. It should be cured In wind rows and cocks, anu stacked or put In barns with as little handling as possible, before the valuable leaves be come too dry or brittle. It is not safe to pasture either cattle or sheep on alfalfa, as they are liable to bloat, when it Is fed green. Feed them the hay or practice soiling. There is no better or cheaper way of growing hogs than to pasture them on alfalfa. One acre will furnish pastur age for from ten to twenty hogs per reason. Horses can be pastured on alfalfa. Alfalfa is a perennial, a clover-like plant with oblong shaped leaves and t taproot which often extends eight or more feet downward. The plant grows to a height of from 2 to 5 feet and Us blossoms arc purple in color, borne in long, loose clusters. Alfalfa hay is a not complete ration. The best results are got by feeding it with corn fodder, ensilage, wheat or straw or roots. Alfalfa contains large amounts of protein. Six to 10 bushels of seed 1r the usual per acre. Keep the weeds mowed and raked off the first season or they will choke out the crop.—Blooded Stock. Misunderstood. "Did I understand you," asked the man who was trying to pull off a little shred of white meat, "to say that this was a spring chicken?” "Yes, sir," replied the waiter, "and I want you to understand that I’m not a tlar. I didn’t say when." Argentina’s constitution is modeled on that of the United States. American teachers have been called to schools of the republic. The country considers It self our rlvul In trade.