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te Too Fresh Tobogganer.
[He calletb for bis lady lovc.l :thb are staining, my love, my dove, to the gliie let's l' joKRinjr le I urn pininfr, nay l»v-, my love, 3Q ]fN ve brought out my Jitt!«• tub gtfun your blanket cm: quick us ruay b»\ !ime to the slide anil toboggan with W ide on my little toboggan. ttawind la blowing, ray lov ray v lendid tobogganing wcnttn-1 be going. my div* my love, id ami toboggan 'o^Mht-r. en, my peerless on. off U-t us my the other 1 A8li down the slide on my little to! wn on my little toboggan. y sally forth and neh the slide,] II we're whizzing, my love, my dovo, iiwn the steep S'H' w- :irc ihhinir Hit- p«ss us fizzing. mv dve,niy love, we go, slushing an i ensiling, •aringihe bottom thai w arcth v here's my toboggan, and where "f i, dear? my love and little toboggan} •8 from snow heap and gazes v i y und.] n have occurred, my love, my v omethingl must have collided: ave been flurried, my dove, tny i• v«•, list have unskilll'u ly guided ele made from the bark of a log, le tobog— re the deuce 1b my toboggan? -1 espy you, my love, my dove, ho in the mischief's that feller nlks bo close by you, my dove, my e? it brute of a clerk—that teller, me unhappy! now homeward I'll love 1 have lost, and my little tobog smashed is my little toboggan. Moral. give ear ere you go to the fellows le our girl, learn to stei-r, for a duffer can care for, and if you can't guide oboggan, you'll certainly suffer, ero above, whose uuskilifulness Cost ie loss of his girl, and beside her he t— lib I bis little toboggan. —Montreal Btar. PLACE OF HONOR. Short Story for the Young. you trying for the place of Densil, that you are always so 8?" question was asked mockingly, eived with a deep Hush by the ed-looking boy seated near th indow. n trying to learn all 1 can. Ed it not to obtain the place you Densil answered quietly, witli ng his eyes fron. the i.» k ui knees. ir laughed somewnai .rnfu'.ix. e look he gav« Densil «:i lot a friendly "ne. i may pretend you do not care, sure that i- the only reason ve for working o Hard." ieve so if you will," Densil said his calmness unbroken, though keenly his companion's sarcastic fellows TUO. iio ye' iron' an think with me •eallv don't call it fair, because u't expect us to give up our re n hours on purpose to keep up 3U," Edgar continued. iil made no reply to this last but his face colored faintly, ne, now, Den, leave that old nd join in our game," the boy his voice becoming suddenly sive. I really cannot, Edgar, much as Id like to. This lesson must be for to-morrow, and 1 have no time." ar opened wide his eyes in sud tonishment. other time!" he repeated. "Why, lo ybu do after school is over?" sil smiled then a grave look set i his smooth brow. lave something else to do then. that one word left Edgar's lips, was full of doubt and quiet signi ,i je Densil could not mistake yet iy resolutely maintained the same reserve he had always held to icr, S' his comrades. S£»uenIyou won't comeP" "j cannot" fscr^jar shrugged his shoulders, with iumption of careless indifference, marched disdainfully off. isil could scarcely repress a sigh watched the boy move away re ihone in the dark les or mip •:jtin?^ tpir eyes !^stily. gazing after routhful form, but not for loug in n ier moment serenity ouce more V Lhere. 2K 'Can't make Densil out at all. There always buried in his books when iould be at play, and yet he de it is not through any wish to be us in class," Edgar exclaimed as '!n jared his school-chums. ',eircal,don't believe him. He must have i reason!" one of the boys answer- u 'et he never seems to get on any tr for the extra hours spent in study- '^''^^erhaps he doesn't study when he ]ow-e*i ^home at night ne declares he does '^xurti' Edgar added impatiently. mntr,vi%urely you are not so stupid as to be id i himr' his companion answered »fgCi- an air of supreme scorn. Jll pondering over the mystery sur '11Riding Densil, the boys hurried off ':iveP'ieir play, and in a few moments '•"J *, almoet forgotten their former an fcH06» iveral days passed, and Densil con (.oinr'ed, in spite of many cutting re EJitof 'ka, to study whilst the others play l\ even the masters soou began to no ,1, f*»'hit lingular conduct, and ponder nrifj'jr it •d |V-£ tell you what it is, boys," Edgar one day, as they strolled about the ^ftsKondt "we must try with all our ..ted force to prevent Densil from get 52" the plaoe of honor. He doesn't de u^re it, lor he is too reserved and fond (t()c lis own company. 'I agree with vou but how can we 0.^ent it?" /By doing double lessons at nicht it Bit hnrt up, and pay Master Densil I Some of the younger boys demurred I at this, but their arguments were soon overruled by the elders, and, before they parted, all were of the same mind in re gard to poor Densil. From that day a wonderful change seemed to take place amongst the boys. Instead of wasting hours at play, they devoted the whole of their time to assid uous work, as if their very lives depend ed ori this task. Densil partly guessed the reason, and he heaved many bitter sighs when he remembered how small his own chances were of ever gaining the coveted place at the head of tne school. "What do you do of an evening, Den sil? Surely y do not spend your time learnitiLT lemons alreadv learnt be fore?" his master inquired one day. Den-i! flu-hed and bit his lip tierv oush "'•». sir." be :ui-*ver"l gravely. "Then what do you dor' The boy hung his head, and made no reply so, with a careless shrug. Mr. Reid turned away. Perhaps a week later, as Edgar ami a few of his chosen companions were walking home towards nightfall, they met Densil just coming from a small cottage not far from his own house. "Hallo!" Edgar cried. In sudden sur prise. "What are you doing there?" "I have been staying a few minutes beside poor little Max. He is so weak, he can scarcely move about, and he likes me to sit with him." Edgar laughed, then suddenly, as if struck by a bright idea, instead of fol lowing his companions, he lingered be hind, until they were quite out of sight. Rapidly retracing his footsteps, he knocked softly at the cottage-door, and in answer to the call from within en tered. In the poorly-furnished room, lying in a bir chair drawn close to the lire, was a delicate-looking boy, whose feverish eyes and sunken cheeks spoke only too plainly of the disease consuming his slender frame. He greeted Edgar with a glad smile, holding out one weak hand. "How are you, Edgar? It is a long time since I saw you," he said slowly. "1 did not know you were so ill. Max. You must be dreadfully lonely here by yourself day after day." Max sighed, and a shadow crossed his lined brow. "Sometimes 1 am. bu' fa?»n-r tr.« s to be home early, and Dt:n.» g.-i.. ru.'y passes his evenings with me. lie mak me learn leson^ sometimes so that 1 sha'u'i forget quite all I Knew. I ofteu wonder how he tinds time to study his own yet he hays he learns them lirst." Edgar started, and a iiani 'd liu^h crossed his face. Densil's secret had been innocently betrayed by his young friend, aud now all would know why lie so persistently devoted his play-hours to study. The next morning, arriving early, Ed gar rapidly revealed the truth to the other boys, and one and all felt a slight shame of having misjudged his noble nature. Gradually, unperceived by Densil and the masters, the boys allowed their un selfish companion to pass them in their studies, and it was with great pleasure, at the end of the year, they saw him raised at last to the place of honor he had never hoped to gain. Bloodthirsty Girls. A prominent feature in any Apache village are the children, who are un kempt little savages, but are much handsomer in ehildhood than iti mature life. The care of the male children dn d\es upon the man. who carefully tdui ites them to emulation and prac tice in deeds of blood, including the art of scientific torturing. So well are these lessons taught that the Apache boy, at an early age, is ambitious and fitted to go on the warpath. Some of the most daring deeds in Apache war fare have been performed by boys who were emulous to earn their title to manhood. The girl is taught the rude domestic arts and lessons of labor, but her edu cation in barbarity is not a whit less thorough than that of the boy. The fate of the captive among the Apaches has always been most lamentable, but the greatest cruelty both to men am! women have been perpetrated by the Apache females. A captive woman, made coinpulsorily the wife or slave of an Apache warrior, is usually, after tlie first cruelties of the attending capture, treated by him as well as other women in the tribe, but, in his absence, the captive will be often grievously beaten by the other wives. The education of the Apache girl begins with her care of the younger children. She learns to carry water and to go forth to hunt roots, wild fruits, and berries, worms and reptiles, and whatever else goes to make up the Apache cuisine. She is taught to pre pare for eating the game or domestic animals used for food brought in by the warriors from their excursions. Much of this animal food being com mon property she learns to make a vigorous tight to secure for her own household the entrails, which are the greatest luxury to the Apache. She subsists largely upon such odds and ends as she can get by stealth or after others have been satistied, as the special household care is the providing for the wants of the warriors and boys. 9* Several Salt Lake people, widely vary ing in social standing, have be^n af fected by the recent strike in the Com® stock lode, which caused a boom in stocks. A hotel cook is able now to re- tjre Qn Walked 'J* I clothing can now call $20,000 $40,000, and a man who has the streets with well ventilated EDUCATIONAL. A'Chapter of "Dont'x" for the Considera tion of School Super in ten dauta anil Teachers. Effect of Higher Education of Worn. Upon Their Health —It Does Not li.J are Them. NH.S "N SUPliKINTKMUNO. Never criticise a teacher before class. Such criticism weakens pupil's respect for the teacher, which brings disastrous results. All criticism should be made to the teacher in pri ate.. Make few criticisms at a the the Never criticise a teacher's work un i -s you can give a better method, or jive reference to books, or other teach .'is, from which the information may be gained. No skilled physician would think his work complete when he had onlv informed the patient that he was *.ek. tune. One, only, is better than more. Upon this one weak point the teacher can strength en herself until your next visit, when she should be told whether she has im proved or not. The most pronounced weakness of teacher, or class, should receive the first attention, it would bo considered folly to fall to killing mosquitoes, with a lion roaring in the room for prey. Don't give your opinion of a teacher s work, in percentages. To tell a teacner that tier "order" is 50 on a scale of 100 means both much and little to her— much, because she feels herself in dis grace, liable to lose her position little, because it gives her no. information as to the particular line of disorder, aud in despair she feels that all is wrong. The result is that, feeling that "some thing must be done," she is wrought up to a pitch of intense excitement, watches each move as a cat watches a mouse, speaks in an unnatural, irritable voice, magnifies the intent and importance of i small misdemeanors, scolds and frets at innocent and guilty alike, resorts to a series of set punishments for specific of fences, watches for these offences, never allows herself to laugh, or oven smile, in presence of the school, and in due course of time succeeds in making her pupils perfectly miserable and causing them to hate her with a hatred that knows no bounds, which is duly report ed to the superintendent, brin .nj about the very catastrophe she, is wo: k- :ig to avert, the lo^g of her position instead of leaving upon the teacl r"s iesk a card marked, "Order, 50 v:v i 75 recitation, 'JO neatness, 80 disci- i piine, 75 etc., --leave a note saying, i "Your order in some respects is good, idit 1 see too much communication. Mrive to break that up. Your voice is rai-ed to too high a pitch in speaking, i lie careful. You should never speak above the natural key. Use your parlor voice always. The recitations are very fair, but I observe that the bright ones only are called upon. Call out the dull ones first then, if they fail, after due precaution in finding if they understand the question, call upon the bright ones, The dull ones need the care, the bright ones will take care of themselves. 1 ob serve many pieces of paper upon the floor it is well to require pupils to give their attention to the matter at set times—say before each recess and dis missal, and at other set times if this does not seem sufficient. Allow one pupil to pass the waste-basket, into which the others are required to drop all waste-paper that may be found upon the floor, or on or in the desks. In dis cipline you are not quite lirm enough. •Firm, but kind,' should be your motto," etc. When the teacher reads such com ments and such advice, she has some foundation on which to place her struct ure of improvement. All is not blank or worse. Don't post little bills up in all the odd corners, nor placard every door with rules of government The very necessity of such a course is only proof convincing to the pupils that they have the upper hands of the government, and this acts as an incentive to new schemes for circumventing the governing power. Don't make a show of your authority when vou enter a scnoolroom. Ihe pupils will soon learn to oeeome imme diately very quiet at your entrance, hence vou will be able to judge of the general order of the room. Don't allow the teachers to threaten the children with you. While this course acts as a bugbear for a time, if the threats are not fulfilled the pupils soon cease to heed them: if they are fulfilled they learn that the power exists in the superintendent, not in the teacher hence all respect for the teaeher's com mand is lost, except those commands end with a threat of the superintendent. Farther, the children soon learn to loathe the person whose name is, to them, associated only with pain. G. I*. Johnson, in Journal of Education. DO AND DON'T. Rxperientia in the same paper says: The following short, and I trust helpful, memoranda for the consideration of my fellow-teachers, include some common places and are not exhaustive, but the teacher needs constantly to be on his guard against such sins of commission or mission as are here implied, that tend to weaken his power for good in the schoolroom. 1. Things to do. Speak distinctly, with good articulation. Cultivate a well-modulated and pleasant voice. Preserve a buoyant, joyous disposition. Be polite to scholars, as-well as others, in the schoolroom, and under all cir cumstances. Be self-possessed. Bo ex acting and lirm, but kind. Remember thai courage, vigor, decision, and sound judgment are the qualities needed by the teacher as by all executive officers. Be patient. Be unassuming. Be ener getic. Stimulate and encourage pupils. Impress the idea that character is more than scholarship. Develop moral energy. 2. Things not tu do. Don't scold. Don't talk too much. Avoid "dignity" and "distance." Don't adopt a senti mental or joking style be straightfor ward, Avoid selfishness. Don't find fault more than necessary. Avoid cynicism. Don't "fool" with a school or a class, remembering that a horse that has once run away is dangerous check the beginnings. Don't claim to be infallible. Don't worry. 111K HIGHER EDtJCATI' N' Concerning the question of the higher education of women, Demorest's Maga zine says: Certain American and English physi cians are again discussing the effect of the higher education of women upon the health of the students who have gone through the curriculum of our American female colleges. These doc tors insist that the tendency has been bad, that the girls run the danger of losing their health by severe study, aud they point out the fact which can not be disputed, that families were general ly larger fifty and a hundred years ago thaii liiey are to-day. Those who be lieve in tbe higher education of women meet this issue boldly. They admit that the mothers of to-day in good circum stances have not on an average as many children as had their grandmothers, but this is attributed to a very different cause than ill-health. It is noticed that women in all countries who are well-to to are less prolific than the mothers of a poorer and inferior class. Children swarm in a tenement-house, but no one expects to see so many in the luxurious Parisian fiat or the costly residence of the educated and wealthy. This is as i true of the human race, as it is of the plant of life. "All weeds thrive apace," says the proverb but the most beautiful (lowers are rare, aud are the result of careful cultivation. Miss Anna C. Brackett denies that study injures the health of girls. Worry, anxiety will do bo, caused by systems of school educa tion which involves competitions, ex aminations, and markings, which at once stimulate and frighten the candi dates for class honors. As a matter of fact, even the graduates of our women's colleges enjoy far better health than do the average of girls out of college. A committee of the alumni of Vassar Col lege took the trouble to send circulars to the graduates of that institution in quiring into their general health. The result, when obtained, was compared i with the answers received from an equal number of factory giris. It was found i tiiat the college graduates enjoyed far better health than their working sisters I of the same ages. A good deal of non sense is written now-a-days about the evil effects of study. Philosophers, and all who have devoted their lives to study, are generally blessed with length of years. There is something quieting and health-inspiring "in the still air of delightful studies." As Miss Brackett points out, there is more danger in novel reading, play-going, and an idleness which allows the imagination to run riot, than there is in study, however severe. It is the indulgence of the emo tions and the stimulation of the passions which too often wreck the health aud happiness of the young but parents should be careful how they yield to this clamor against study for their children. A Bonk a Dowry. I was speaking just now of the second-hand book-stalls that line the quays on the south bank of the Seine, writes a Paris correspondent of the New York Graphic. There are hun dreds, if not thousands, of dry-as-dust old chaps who spend their lives hang ing over h7 day, and dreaming by night, of the treasures they contain. Here is a curious and true romance of one of these musty shops. An old bachelor of 50, an inveterate "bonquineur," or haunter of the second-hand book-stalls, had an old woman servant named Augustine, who, by dint of arranging and dusting her master's library, had become inoculated with the same mania. She paid fre quent visits to the too attractive quays, and ended by spending all her wages in books—and none but old books, be it understood. One afternoon, a little before dinner time, she arrived out of breath with a package of the precious volumes, pur chased at the 'Courdes Miracles' and •Grande Truandorie' of Parisian books." Out of curiosity her master looked over the new acquisitions. Suddenly his face brightened up. "Aud what did you pay for this one?" he asked, pointing to a very worm-eaten volume. •'Fifteen sous," replied Augustine. "Fifteen sous? Why, it's worth 20,000 francs," cried the book-hunter, in a transport of enthusiasm. Hardly had the words left his mouth when he was conscious of having com mitted a stupid blunder. In vain he tried to modify his rash statement. "I'll give you 60 francs for it," he said. "Monsieur said it was worth 20,000 francs." Augustine was cunning and stood to her guns. It was a very rare first edi tion of Montaigne. To no purpose did he try to beat her down. She wouldn't take a sou less than 20,000 francs, and he couldn't afford to give so large a price. That night the bachelor dream ed of the unattainable treasure, of course valued the more from its being just beyond his reach. At last he could hold out no longer. The temptation was too great. He must have the volume "coute que coute." His mind was made up. "The woman £ood care of me he reasoned with himself seems to have my tastes why shouM I not marry her? I would then ow the Montaigne." As he was the next morning as m". under the control of his ruling pass?.! as ever, he carried his resolution of th-i1 night before into effect, and tuarrie his servant, who brought him a mur "H book as a dowry. The a It'-1 treed of Manitoba It is under the stress of such a fani.'' that the half-breed population of ti Canadian Northwest, which has of 5. been so much before the world, grew its prc-er.t proportions. Its history ca ries u* back to near the beginning the eighteenth century. Arthur Doac* whose account of the countries adjsce Popular Sciencc Monthly. 1 to Hudson Hay was published in 174 v obtained his information almost wh from a half-breed trader called !.* France—a proof that the melts was n n unknown a century and a half ag The explorations of the Verandry**, father and sons, lasted from 1731 1754. After the conquest of Canada England, the fur-trade ceased for years but in 170(5 the Montrealers oe gan to push northwestward, and from that time their agents, mostly Freivh Cauadians, minsrled freely with the In dians—the consequence being rJm growth of a half-breed eommuicw. There was a considerable population, known by their choseu designation of JJois Brules (for which they sometimes substituted the more ambitious style of "the new nation"), when Lord SelKir* begau his scheme of colonizatiou ia 1811. That even theu they were not all French is shown by some of their surnames being Scotch and EngusisL But it is from the years immediately following the establishment of the Ked River Colony that the bulk of the Ec glish-speaking half-breeds date the first appearance, in the year 1814 tiney numbered two hundred. In 1870 tha Manitoba half-breeds and metis those of British ami French origin may be distinguished) were estimated at wee thousand. Besides them, there wis* population of uncertain number sc tered through the territories, and atr.v i of half-breed hunters which one en explorer deemed to be six thousa strong. In 1874 Dr. (1. M. Da" while engaged in the British, N: American Boundary Commission, ca i upon the camp of the hitter body, Cu« sistmg of two hundred buffalo-skin tent# ami two thousand horses. Dr. Wdiou considers the rise in this way of an. in- dependent tribe of half-tireeds as "one of the most remarkable phenomena con nected with the grand ethnological ex periment which has been in progrew oa the North American Continent for last three centuries." -John fi'eacie, The Fiel«l of (»cttysburg. As we enter on the left we see a bronz© statue of Gen. Reynolds, who was killed in the first day's tight. The figure it splendedly proportioned, of heroic size, standing on a pedestal of dark Quincy granite. The posture is easy aud very natural. With a field-glass in his righi hand, and his left grasping the hilt off a sword, his face is turned toward tbJJt part of the field from which the enemy was advancing when he received tfee fatal shot. Reynolds was a gallani leader of a gallant corps, and the story of his furious dash at the head of hie corps on the first day, in which he lost his life, is one of the most fascinating, to me, of any incident of this engage ment- Passing on through the ceme tery we tread softly, for we are on con secrated ground. Four thousand bra#e boys lay here side by side in solid rowr. side by side as they stood shoulder to shoulder behind the stone fence side bj side as they ranged in solid phalanx in the peach orchard side by side as they stood in line of battle on Cemetery hill 6ide by side as they stood between our northern homes and the devastating army of Gen. Lee. Their head and foot stories run iu graceful semi-circular rows of granite in continuous line, live rows deep, lettered on top with narae and regiment. Further on are the ua» known dead. Their graves are marked by little blocks, projerly numbered. Is is probable that a register is kept of these with a description of the soldier which refers to the number of his head stone. We pass on and come to the national monument. The super-struc ture is sixty feet high, and consists of a massive pedestal of Westerly, R. I., granite twenty-five feet square at the base, representing the genius of victory. Standing upon the three-quarter glob# she holds with her right hand the vic tor's wreath of laurel, while with ker left she holds the victorious sword. War is personified by a statue of a soldier who recounts to history the story of the battle. History records with pen in hand while peace is a mechanic with hamtoar and other tools about him and plenty i« typefied by a female with a sheaf of wheat and the fruits of the earth. Other parts of this piece are equally beautiful and appropriate. It is a splendid trit ute to the memory of Gettysburg's fall en heroes. u. A German chemist has invented new kind of ana-stlietie bullet, which he urges will, if brought into general use, greatly diminish the horrors of war. The bullet is of a brittle aab stance, breaking directly when it cornea in contact with the object at which it is aimed. It contains a powerful an iesthetic, producing instantaneously a complete insensibility, lasting for twelve hours, which, except that the action of the heart continues, is not to be distinguished from death. While in this condition the German chemist points out, the bodies may be packed in ambulance wagons and earned off as prispjwra.