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imp-rf"-' 1 Hn* 4 1 1 readers who can tleur lfore. without a doubt, them can] will, liiay 0! ,.v recall the awe in of the olden time RIWIO*'""""1"1"-,, '!'HI" has a parallel in eral respect and isth^n fithwhich the county the occasion of a ated on uf the hernials ...sit to(JU' in and tof the mg r'?K: U assistant that jests, evening, won :.e surveyor himself is and scorns such frivol-I unseemly in a man so n science as he is. His brief and sententious. with" to sundry and dark ::ie capacity of the indi „a the lines before. i aud lack of hurry are r^ierinticji of our surveyor and it being so near Ml undertake his work refreshed himself with smiling and gracious •rt» his gue*tfc to their .1 holds the kitchen door md insert* a tousled head e e a e e a a n e '•'.at waits on the table ad vsand !ook- pleasant at the regular boarders ••sit themselves aud turn ration to us important Hub •le *o as not to be eonsid tatiouniy llippant. our surveyor and his ^joined by the eonU-nd -ad an augmented audi 'iroceed to the seat of war spreads the thre sticks •'And alone the surveyor ov who carried the box 'tfd. He steps forth with burden with the proud wr called from the ranks Of its contents. The if's a key from his pocket, and deliberately opens the ness falls upon the group, "-'m resting place the it in position on the •'move he makes locating, *11 the various maneuver 'died earefully, and no mo 1 notice. 11 in assistant rom instrument, bear- -ed rod and jiulling the He pauses at a certain '•Ms up the rod the t»ur- ls eye to the instrument :Bhi»id to the right the the. rod to the Ue® arm again the ,nes aSain he gazes long 'J'then stands erect and Produces a little red book Hakes a few (igurea. He with Jimson aiid The Postmaster sidles up, shut with his ti mHtruirit*rjt with the 8 "°thiiig. The cobbler, [, P^itician. who is also friti" Urc^ luu* school coin- 0WHthe postmaster with ""it or two more of e®tial and important in- on haine* while .purveyor "if his ver- ne 'factions of seconds," old Doctor At h-riffih the survev the matter decided iu tna3t'- *nd for the old fence w ^tJ Kfilh"r' n u Th« Solon McCill got ., over a new lino fence built, each wanting to Ewrd his neighbor a ,U7hthe land dispute yt little, they could reach difficulty without i'Ttin." So the county fled to. it is then that „ce is Manifested .*0d his wholesale tickling. is not a man you „tin»crowd as being one w0rld at large would look remarkable degree of ven dors hf seem to expect it, his fellow men in oounty seat. But when e little town of Punkin ,y and importance have -mous proportions. Pos uzone of the country air r.uarkable an effect. s he is accompanied by a Tie* the chain and hold* intention of ultimately mysteries of the profes iwt shining forth himself, .thecynosure of all eyes, juvenile jKjrtion of the erned, and is envied as pay possessor of enormous •iitkms, thus to enable him important capacity in Ail the slang phrases ops are eagerly snapped vi.ung admirers, and the i he incidentally relates as the latest aud beat wit if aua u USUI,it u-nve on the ovenin. tr.m ... i ti., viiiu^. -mi..s i, „.k I'Ut for wiiue tim. on tin- jitmiber of tiiyw n- weeks that U happ.-neil before or after -that ther, surveyor wa* out to .Mnisni-V thouy Alp- I\ .ca$ Siftinj. WESTERN DUGOUTS. "..^.ofKar.y Horn,*,™, Claimant. In KmiHitsaiiu Ncbrstka. To hej/iii with, the habitation of the homesteader i» either a ,l, w „r house built of squares of sod taken from the prairie -Nebraska or Kansas brick an they an facetiously termed Tha dugout consists of a hole dug- in the side of a eanyou or any sort of depres sion on the prairie which will serve -is a wind-break. This hole is roofed across, about on a level with the prairie with inch hoards, and these are covered with sod. A foot or so of stove-pipe protruding from the roof is the sole indication of a human habita tion. One room generally serves all the purposes of the homesteader and his family. If he prospers for a sea son, lie adds to the front of his abode by erecting walls of sod on the sides and putting in a new front, the old one nerving as a partition between the two rooms. 1 his is considered a commodi ous dwelling. After riding over the quarter section looking for an owner, espying such an abode, and guiding your team carefully down a break-neck descent to the front door, would it sur prise yon, upon entering this hole in the ground, to find, for instance, a very modern organ with an imposing cathedral back towering high in one corner of the room? But this ia no cause for astonibhineiit—very fre quently organs aud ornate u»-igns in furniture are to be found in tlie dug outs. Or. if the lady of the house should invite you to remain for the meeting of the literary club there in you stare at that? Not at ail. Literary clubs, which the membtTs ride all the way from five to twenty miles to attend, and where they discuss with great earnestness every thing from the latest political problem to the most abstruse incongruous!!!'*.- spectator in tin- i borhood danc-- the arises in fail blast. 1! tap and when the fun begins, a mind a I .' i and mo-' attaiuab.'- cn..'i enjoy ine-it pitable. decoration for bravery. the public are turned »x, each eager to catch But it must not homesteaders hvi six or seven in a ences attach to the first year or two of frontier life more than to any later pe riod. Many sightly, commodious usually energetic enough U the old house and into a n« fore spending many months in. then irt frank pi-r'n MayoztM- anger, le K.l(„.t M... ana comfortable sod houses have been built. The walls are usually two feet in thickness, the roof shingled doors and windows set into the walls and the house plastered inside, sometime outside, altogether making a very neat and desirable residence, theses tun*, too, are free from the.'uiuoyances of dugouts, in which are oun manner of insects and rode.i s. Occa sioually a rattl ik wil bu^ow vou will find him ou there'are Such intruders are rare, bu some people who even WAKING FARMING PAY. It Can li^ Oone Uy Conducting Work on •tint IIuMih-** I'l-lut'lpte*. to e strenuous y .-are visits of this sort: one be lli abode nature's in a wu.v to dtsposo „,fer,d punched in it- ,, with the ou.- to u raMinur in shame-faced oi offered, but whieh such coins are ofU^ reluctantly, a^ keepsake, and the new ^carried chain during r,i to keep it until which Bolus lh she week. ti reputation for The met sake, delivered hei U loses 7' i back the necessary the next, week, to the now times." ind H'lf-s'.istaiian^. ant! his 1", to say least Ought to bring eontentn.. The att thl now and then a merchant .•secures large wealth by favorable ac etits and extensive operations should »ot blind us to the fact that in propor tion to the number engaged, a great many more farmers than merchants •id wince to independence, if not wealth. 1 he average mechanic seldom lays by enough to buy himself a little home, to ay nothing of a surplus for a "rainy a*}'- Those who earnestly follow agricultural pursuits never fail to have comfortable homes for themselves and families. In order to make farming pav we should first of all secure a better i knowledge of our calling. The doctor, to be successful, must be educated in his profession. The lawyer, minister, and in fact all engaged in professional business, must be educated in their calling to be successful. And farmers who expect to make money in such times as these must use brains as well as muscle. They must get out of the old ruts or they will be left far in the rear. It, is not advisable to go in debt at any time, but just now we should be especially particular not to buy and food and clothing, and i U9e beyond our ability to pay. There is no more occasion for running in debt now than when farm products brought in twice as much money as they do at present. A bushel of wheat will buy as many' yards of calico, as many pounds of sugar or nails, as it would when we got a dollar and a half for it. And as long as it will do this the farmer should not grumble. If you are a young man just starting out with capital to invest, never pv.l it into a poor farm. It will take a life time to bring it up to the point where it can be farmed profitably, and then ou will be ready to die. Go where tand is good and cheap. In improving your farm put up good and substantial buildings. If you can not finish as you would like, let the work be good as far as it goes. Keep on good terms with your neighbors by keeping four fences in good repair, and make it a rule never to borrow, and when you can do so without incurring the displeasure of a neighbor too much, refuse to lend, point inmetaphys- No man has any more right to ask for ies, are quite the regular thing with the free use of implements than to ask our homesteaders. But to behold this for the loan the clay Jloor spoedih respond* to the capering of many twinkling feet, cloud of of life so full of paradoxes in the tieight I to increase the incume from his dairy, of its nu should be a and there dust that an Indian. wo .Id stifle But. bless vo-.l' ti.uy don -t. A polished floor i of ventilation th::.g to their '/he homesteaders are very honest You can 1-ave a bouse unlocked at all times and your stores are perfectly safe with the ex.-eptionuf what liquor you may have on hand for medicinal purpose-. In other won t..e home steader wi'.: steal whisky e-.ery tune. As a class they are neighborly, kind to on« in distress, a cow for a gout when a neigh- other they may find it to their mutual The advantage few days, Where farmers are located near each when you get through with ^out tool. see that they are carefully hous d. In preparing I tlH-rousrhly prepared iM-fore seed inir Let this be an invariable rule. In cultivating begin early and let your w0 rk be pers u o farm to tso uncomfortably nca. *««»»,m8 ,m', A Belfa.t. and the fos a (uU) pftrt would it for any money. PrLVUil'dt money to pursue his leave wouid promise until"1"-' i'oul.1 call for it. within promised U'T" the «'artwuJ' been seen .firs, DSf1 chant is about fifty cent, oat "uppoi't and maintain her, to treat her uZ^y- i"'1"11"'11' with fo1 look the keep* ous. and George eon tinned 1 •reliant tooa i /rrods, and PlV£ dol. lhat wt,should jj irted SPEAKING IN PUBLIC. Congressman Bourkt Cnckran't Sugges tions to Young Men. My ad vice to a young man desiring to become a successful speaker is never to talk unless you have something to say. Always be careful to acquire the sU,dy and l,rlil'lioe i to purchase farm implements earthen wa!U have hoeu skilfully in partnerships exchange implements i Bwrke Cochran, in Dc$ Moines Register. tapestried for cva-ii'ii with calico, when it can be done without interfer- ing with each other's plans or putting hack work in the very busiest season. But th:- is quite different from whole sale borrowing without any intention of returning an equivalent. What you should grow must depend •:pon the locality of your farm. If \ou are not satistied with the returns I crops you have been cultivating have brought in. try a new departure, but feel your way slowly. Don venture too much. It is a very good rule to I throw vour strength into the leading crop of your locality, carrying one or two others along to fall back on in I ease of bad luck with your leading 1 nd exceedingly h0»- supposed that all in dugouts or sleep room such experi crop, and be sure to keep a part of vour farm in grass aud clover, even if Vou only have ten acres. You must increase vour manure supply in every wav possible. Manure is cash: at le-ist if you don't make it on the farm vou are out the cash for commercial succeed in growing ferUBawlt you s-it.veea in i gold and .liver cotnfc the girlV cl.iet paying crops. Have dowry. Over and around the head work and good tools to wcr w ^gomeljmet covering the lower part of the face), wits wrapped a gray "ker chief. Seven of the girls, however, who always stood near the head of tho line, wore veils of white tissue. Th© maiden's sleeves showed no organic connection with any outer garment fitted the arm closely aud were of some silk stuff, with stripes running around thi? arm. for any crop U your land thorough, so that you may be able to keep ahead of the weeds. VY hen ^our crop is ready to harvest de ay no time in getting it housed Sell all vo«r surplus and let nothmg go to waste. If vou feed your gram give vour stock the very best care and at tention. Lastly, take good farm pa and keep posted on the crop pros- SO VOU will know when to sell to the produee the H' Hr. Stevens, in Ohio tanner. A nov /el instrument was filed the other day at Spring field. Mo., by G„.,-L'e Mimidt, in the shape of a a Brown, "d adopti.it.' Mae*!* Brown, the of Julia Brown, one dollar the ee-year-old daughter wUh hol a .1. .-.*«! linn nf ,ccd dot shelter and edueat^her. should _»'I never think of allowing dear George, often poison- VOU to buy me ice-cream. V i Lrnow ice-crcara young lady, tenderly, aid the ... heart grew glad unti^she •but 1 really don't believe k if vc rvin any u in and tried a• little s ^Journdi of h-lucaUwi. of involves some definite subject. For my I part I think the ordinary after-dinner i speech is a poor imitation of the end i man's part at the minstrels. But when after-dinner speaking is part of a dis cussion of an important subject, then it may become very valuable. But of ma( e slrt,^ sj10W to amuse, I think the min the better of the two.— W. GREEK DANCING GIRLS. Their Artistic Attlr* #ul CJraoeful SIo tlons Graphically DMcrlbed. In the middle of the square was a ring or coil of maidens, the eldest per haps twenty years of age, the youngest 'ihe I hardly more than five years old. No two were dressed exactly alike, yet there was a general similarity in style. All wore long white skirts, some of delicate materials and others of heavy stuff. The overskirt, reaching to the knee, was dark and full, hanging in many folds. A broad belt of silk hung I below the waist. An elaborate apron of great variety of color and decora tion, reached nearly to the ankles, Each maiden wore a close-fitting vest, generally of red, bright blue, or gilt. This was cut low aud round in front, i and served as stays. Over the upper part of the breast hung a little stom acher, on which were strung jingling rlti© whole costume w&s bright with harmonious colors. About sixty of these maidens dance! together, with arms interlaced in a double line, for hours. The dance was led by one or two young men at the head "of the lino—attached to the maid ens only by means of a handkerchief. The music was only the humming of the girls—rarely did the words of the song become really articulate. I he steps were simple, generally three forward, followed by three backward ob liquely, so as to move in a circle. I saw no "mixed dances" of men and women in Greece, though these have orous than those of the girls. net's Majazim. went paper tells that work then began, and V A U E O elocution are vation of extemporaneous speaking as much as possible. If a man is natural and says what he feels without attempt ing to be one of the great orators of the world, he will always be an attractive speaker and a useful one. As to after dinner speaking, it is the most difficult i of all unless you have some toast that i :ertainly great advantages, as are also certain trained gestures. Always bear in mind that an audience is most inter ssted when you appeal to its iutelli ?ence. The great fault of public lad a forty-karat brilliant^ which U^f jpeaking nowadays is an attempt to be oratorical. Rhetoric and imagery ire simply the ornaments of ora tory—argument in its substance. If a man has a clear, convinc ing argument to present, and pre sents it in an argumentative way, he is always pretty certain of challenging the attention of his audience. Unless a young man has a cultivated mind ho ^an not become a successful speaker. He may talk, but the real speaker must not use language merely for the sake of using it. Every unnecessary sentence is a blot upon his speech it mars the effect and tries the patience of an audi ence. The province of a speech is to impart information or Ideas on a given subject, and lead an audience to agreo with your conclusions, whether it be a jury or a mass meeting. Of course if you have no information to present your speech will lack interest as well as substance. Never say any thing for the mere sake of the sound. Of course it is advisable to express your thoughts in the most striking language you can command. I would advise the eulti- 1 hcrib- —For quickness in raising money tor i business enterprises Hutchinson, Kan., ieems to outrank some of the largo I cities. They called a meeting out there i for such a purpose, and, after the hall was filled, locked the door. A local jufet one hour und thwu miuute« of ^24,uyU was tubsciibed. DIAMONDS. said Mr. D. lb' some information to contribute to the i *"as found last year in South Afik I to call it Ui« subject under discussion, and then say what you have to say in the fewest pos sible words. If a young man follow this rule he may not be a great speaker, but he will become a good speaker and a useful one. I would advise listening to the best speakers, and better, a care ful study of the speeches of great ora tors, such as Burke. As to training. in Mat** So# the Price of 1'ure Stone* tained by ft Monopoly. ••When I wits in London a short tiro# IJJO S. Mendes. iii* nan ond cutter, "I was allowed as «pe 1 favor to see the great diamond tliaV .hink they are going Jubilee diamond, but I believe it is not »-et named. It is the whitest stone ia he world, and one of the largest, and s owned by eight persons on shares, he value being greater than any on« ?ven of the enormously rich diamond iealers could afford. "When found it was of an invguiar diape. being somewhat like an egg with 1 :he small end somewhat elongated. The owners, in order to reduce it to A regular shape, split off this end. and ifter cutting the fragment found they iold to the King of Portugal for £40,X»0» The value of the remainder was not im paired by the subtraction of this trifle, out rather enhanced, since the split wa* successful, and the shape of the stone i* improved. It is valued by the owner* it £1,500,(HO, and any gentleman who wishes to invest in a rather costly tritl® ^n not do better than examine it. "The owners intend keeping it until :he Prince of Wales shall succeed to .he throne of England, and then trying io sell it to him. Failing this sale, it .s hard to tell what they can do with ,t." "Who are the owners isked of Mr. Mendes. "I do not think I"d better mention aames," he replied, with the caution tfhich a dealer in diamonds must need® have. "There is considerable mystery maintained about it, and it would not perhaps be safe to tell all the facts, 2ven if I knew them, about when the •tone was found, who bought it and what they paid. I know that there Rich a stone, however, for I have seen ,t, and I know it is owned in eight or the gentleman who showed ,t to me owns one-eighth. ••It is difficult for people outside tli* business to realize the enormous wealth jf the diamond dealers in London.' h« continued. "As an indication. I .'nay lay that the same gentleman showed me one package of stones aggregating 5,000 carats, which he valued at tiv« guineas a carat. 1 his was by no iiienns ais stock in tiade It was one of a number of packages. "He is one of the shareholders in th« two great companies which practically control the diamond market of the world. They are the Central Diamond Mining Company, and the Kimberiey Diamond Mining Company. Between the two, they own or control ^very important claim in tha world in which diamonds ana found. These are in Africa, for, as is well known, the supply from the Did mines has entirely ceased 'J he two companies control hundreds of millions of capital, and were formed by a consolidation of all the small com panies owning claims, for the purpose 3f controlling the output, and so keep ing up the value of diamonds." "Is the value then fluctuating "It has fluctuated considerably with in a few year's. The scare or flurry in the trade that was talked about after the African mines were discov ered, and which was pooh-poohed by the bulls, wits a very active reality, and was very nearly approaching a panic when the consolidation wan ef fected. The large dealers saw plainly that unless something was done to limit the supply the market would b« broken, and they banded together' and bought a control of all the diamond mines. Since that time no new diu» monds have been put on the market, excepting those which they have al lowed, and the price, which had gon« down, has been restored to about what it had been for many years.'' "Then the price or value of dia monds no longer depends upon their natural supply but upon an artificial restriction of it.1' "Precisely so.1' "And it is within the power of the»» two companies to break the marked whenever they choose.1' "Undoubtedly, but they will never do it. for they would be throwing awa/ millions of pounds of their own properv ty."_jv. y. Cor. St. Louis Globe-Demo crat. Money Not a Criterion. Frugal young man (to object of hl« iffections)—Darling, your father being A minister, perhaps we'd better stsk him to perforin the ceremony for us. He would do it as reas—in fact, I presumo he would think it an insult if 1 should affer him anything—er Object of his affections I don't know. I have often heard papa say that ho ould always tell by the size of tho fee what kind of an estimate tho bride groom put upon the bride. Frugal young man (uneasily)--H'ra! Money couldn't express it my cut* lading. All the wealth of the world wouldn't do it! But I've got a second iousin, a justice of the peace, that will marry us for two dollars. —C/ncug9 Tribune.