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Prietor JL 01" ,. VIII, OS Sio fiTo^rr CITY, k :ar. ID. Robinson has returned from ho Lint tar*going to lme another stone ry. unite iges, •S, M. Brewer sold his trotting stallion T,it, to James Moulton, of Big Mono y. ft. Gold Is down to Sioux J'\illn on less. ives, ire :r» ves, Ruud of the Wave hris gone to eville on business. nry Morrill has been laid up with nump8 foi a #eek. •8. J. Parcher and family arc raov ato the Downie house. Johnswi has nflfc'd into 4he house erly occupied !y Franz Mueller, iv. Robinson married Mr. Olson, to Olson, both of Grtouville.last week. |?nry Glasser bus given up the St, j'les hotel and Mr. Cameron of Apple and has taken charge of tlie house. ?». Von Esclien writes from Spokane s that be has had all the work he (jd do during the winter at $3 50 u day. W. Thorndike is taking down what JJ »e is left of the Geo. Kline house up '•IIG ilake, and will use the lumber to an addition to his house. ngf TS. Nelson, of lied Wing, Minn., will ,ure in the M. £. church Saturday VT1 Pl'n#' April 5th., on woman suffrage. Big Stone City Cornet Hand will -,n attendance. JU. l\h© Ladies Aid Society of the M. E roh will holil a basket social at the iine- Charles hall, Wednesday evening, ^"TUT il2ud.' There will be a drill exhihl i by 12 jounladiesof the Ortonville Corps, l'.vrybody invited. ^TTTilr. James Pougherty, of Do Pere, "V, and a brother-in-law «»t John Ternan,fa looking around Big Stone |^C Dihip with'he intention of locating A Utitoon as he cures a suitable f-im. ere is plenty ot room in liig Htonr rI. mmmm ^rnahip for just such men as Mr, ngherty, and the more that come the ter it will l)f fur nil cori' err.i-1. Nu«lartiiiin Caucus. non-parti.sun caucus was held in St arles hotel, Saturday evening aj which R. Oold w«h fleeted chairman and K. Morrill secretary. )n motion a formal ballot was taken mayor, which resulted in 15 votes J. C. Craig and 12 votes tor E. M. nnett, and Mr. Craig was declared the 3ioeof the caucus. The following dcers were thou nominated by act :1a Lion: for police justice- A. W. Movius. for school treaHurer—Casper Hat-z. Alderman liit. ward.—It.F.Thompson School director firut ward—C. N. Por- r. Alderman second ward—J. J. Schiesa s~\ /School director u?cond wusd F. W (horndikc. The following non-partisan city central •Oimittee was also unanimously elected W. Tliorndike A. W. Movius, F. J. stz.' dpltf CI TV ICMiCTIO*. The result of the election for 181 '(Be«r», which occured to-day is as i. |gtJ Mayor-*-E. M. Bennett 51, .J. S. Craig tij^ ward X2. Alderman |(»n 22, Paul ns The 1 -R. Thomp J. J. Bchless as aldermi and F. W horndike a %cond ward, Ot from the first ward, A. W. Movius as (dice justice, imd Casper Hatz as school 'Mfurar jvere elected without upposi- AI.BlOb*. dance here turned out pleas ally as usual. Although there was tot a very large attendance a good i&ie was enjoyed by all. oV' The new blacksmith shop is in full ilast.' Come and try it. We have a harness shop now in the |j& drug store.with Mr. Christeraffer- tl)?isi»©n as proprietor. The infant son of O. Garv caused JUite an excitement by getting a dose »f gasoline which was left within his *ach. it was a #lose call for the one, but he came out all right y ill' O. Gary will erect a new barn back itfcia hotel and then will be able to ^er'aeoommodate teams that may wish to 'Md. |fSM Mary Tuttlo aets as waiter tor the Albee house, now is the time F? tlMne to get a dollars worth of fun, pi half dollars worth of grub all for iteve? |i«Bjf»five cents. jvElU^ J.tL McIJnde of this citv has made ,j tt ittrafeg»nierita with Gold &. Co. of liig itM* City. whereby the famous rnn ling borse Snow Iiall formerly of this the county, will be found at til place in our town for breeding est Jioo JOHN, Undur the independent school district svstemthis gel-all you-can principle does not apply. Each district absolutely con trols its own affairs. It levieB its own tax. It may have a line building or a sod shanty, as it pleases. It fixes the sal ary of its teacher. In short, it is a less expensive system. We must have one or the other in some lorm or moditica ii n. Which shall it be? A Department Urpvrt. Washington Dispatch: The prevailing depression in American agriculture is treated by Statistician R. Dodge in the March report of the department of agri culture. The prevalence of low prices is noted, and the feeling merit in rural circles throughout tlml w.irl.l Is indicated, hut it is less wrp ,ml prices are also low, the farmers' in tori is unreduced, and his mortgage harder to lift. The main cause of fow prices is re ferred to the inexorable law of supply and demand. Wheat and coin are cheap because of overproduction. Immigra tion litis increased the population 5,000, OUU IN ten years. The inter continental acres have been carved into farms free to natives and foreigners, opening millions of acres to cultivation. Railroad exten sion has stimulated production and over whelmed the east with western products Mr. Dodge says that while there is an excess of a few staples like wheat, there are insufficient supplies of ninny other necessary products, and a total absence of scores of others which should furnish profitable employment to rural labor. There is a too narrow range of cropping, diversification is essential to agricultural salvation. There are imports costing two hundred and forty millions of dollars per of agricultural products which should be produced here. These are sugar, annuais and their productions, fi bers, fruits and nuts, bailey, leal tobacco, I and wines. The statistician treats of what he characterizes as the folly of wheat growers, insisting on going to the I city tol-|annum school diret„or from the antipodes for hinder twine, while a mil II. Porter as sehnoldirec-i bon acres of flax fibre is wasted in ad Albee, March ?.l, 1890. School opened to-day with Miss Ada plough teacher. 4 tin'1 Another serious cause of depression he says, is the exorbitant share ot farm ers products taken by middlemen and carriers. The army of dealers in futures V ,^\ yj.'v A ^r*A»... .,v. X"V HUT tsrrnt: rinsr, Towmhip orDistritt Jmicrn. Kedfield Journal: Our state conBtitu tion suys the legislature shall provide at "For Jod and llotne ami Native Land uniform school iuw for the state. The legislature failed to do so. No harm is likely to rehult from the lailure, inas much au it will afford an opportunity for the people to discuss the question before the assembling ol another legislature. Theoretically the township system seems to ho an admirable one, but in its prac tical application it does not meet with general favor. It has proven to be too exjvjnsive- in fact, the natural tendency of its operation is to entail heavy expense. Human greed is largely the same the world over. Under the township system the school tax levy is uniform in the township. Naturally each sub-district wants to utilize as much of the funds as any other sub district wants as fine a school building, as good apparatus, high priced teacher, etc. This frailty, or whatever it may he called, of human na ture is aptly demonstrated in every legis lature when the question of appropria tions is under consideration. The repre sentatives of the localities in which state institutions are situated vie with one an other in M'euring large appropriations. It would not for a moment do for one of t'.iese representatives to return home with relatively a smaller appropriation for his institution than is awarded the others. To do so would simply mean political if not social ostracism forever thereafter. IJs^" MKS. M. W. LYON, Editor. It is most earnestly desired that the citizens of Milbank, will attend the lecture to begin on the 1st by Mrs. Nelson, on the suffrage question. Tins is but a beginning of the work which will be done here in that line during the coming months before the October election, and it matters not whether we are suffragists or other wise the question is before us, and we do well to study it. carefully in all its phases. KCOXOMIC'S AM) I XT K MI' K Ii A N (.' E. Even those most conversant with the evils of intemperance hardly esti mate aright their magnitude. In this period of the world's history when economic science is approximating more closely to absolute accuracy than ever before, few students ot its pro blems have justly measured the waste of material and production caused by the tiseof liquor. In the city of New York with its adjacent suburbs of Brooklyn and Jersey City,there lives a population of at least three millions of souls. In the inetropoli•• itself VUKKi saloons are licensed, in .Jersey City. 1,'JlHJ, and in itrookhn four tunes th it number. These are situated in the busiest and most accessible portion ot the three cities. That they are centers of contamination,plague spots of wretchedness, hot-beds of crime and vice, need not be here stated. It is the economic question with which we have now to deal. These 14.U0'* dens of corruption, more frequently than otherwise, are situated upon street corners, so that the average fioutage of each must be more than twenty-five leet rather than less however, let. tiiis be the ba-is of calculation. We then lind that if these saloons were extended in a straight line side by side and touch ing each other, there would be a row of groggenes stretching 35i».»i.)i feet .ir a trifle more than sixty-six and one-quarter miles in length. This is just about two-thiids the distance be- New York and Philadelphia. discourage- I I" imagination let us take hold aist inifce ia draw it 8alomw up lacing the otlier U1(1 I here than in other countries. Though i then have a street slightly mote '«.f implements,iitonil»and fabrics than thirty-three nnles long, udowu account I which flit shadowy forms, de- with it. We h.ill| spairing.broken hearted.gaunt. wasted and hopeless, the ghosts of the drunk ard's victims. JSut never mind these dumb, gaunt wraiths we are dealing not with emotions, but with statistics. Let us count the cost of these dens to those who support them. ON an average it is estimated that fifteen dollars a day is spent, in liqu in eae K i^ss amount and they would fail, Cousequt'ntly^'i.fAiOare annual ly spent in each saloon for rum, gin, brandy, whisky, absinthe, ale, beer and the wines. Multiply this by 14.- 000 and we have an expenditure of seventy-six millions and six hundred ami liity dollars every year, for strong drink alone in the metropolis and its suburbs. This gives an average of twenty-five doliars for every man, woman and child within the specified area. That this estimate must be rather less than above the truth, is evident. "Stylish'" saloons, like that at the Hoffman House, do business amount ing daily to hundreds of dollars, stead ot the paltry sum of fifteen dol lars. Therefore, the average expen diture lor liquor must be more thin twenty-five dollars. Now at the least computation four fifths of this population, einbraung the majority of women, all the child ren and all the total abstainers among men, never patronize the saloon. joining fields, and when they could grow Therefore the remaining non-abstain hemp enough in six months to bind the ers, one fifth in number, expend on wheat of the world. This is, he says, ex ceeded only by the twin folly ot oottwn growers, who are wild to go to India for jute, when it will grow in their cotton fields as readily as weeds. Depression more intense will result, it is predicted, if farmers continue to restrict their elTorts the average one hundred dollars an nually lor strong drink. That is just so much taken out of the necessities of life and expended on luxurie() Let us suppose this 876,650,000 applied to the rent, food, fuel and clothing of the class from *vhich it is chielly drawn. Wh-tt. would that mean! It would ui the abolition of dire poverty It would mean wholesome departments, nourishing food and decent clothing. l'jpperly S disturb the natural flow of trade, chock exportation by a temporary rise, to be followed by lower prices and greater fluctuations. Speculators depress prices when garners are full, and boom them when farmers have nothing to se'l, as at present. The community is infested with pestilent swarms of non-producers, The curse of speculation blights and consumes the result of honest industry. Leeches fasten on every product of labor and suck from it the life blood of profit. Men who produce nothing, who neither toil on farms nor spin in factories, are absorbing the wealth of the country by combinations without conscience and service without equity. P. is suggested that farmers may be compelled to retail their own fruits and vegetables, sell iheir endowment of paupers, own meatsaud manufacture their own flout. For Sale. 150 busiiels pure Uermati millet seed whicb must be sold. A. J. Hl.ESEJt. pent it would mean the extinction of mendicancy and pauperism. It would also mean the rearing of childern in decency so that the next generation would be far above the present. It would mean the beginning of a new era. Wideir.ng our observation from the metropolis to the entire country, we lind that '200,000 saloons withdraw 400,000 men from productive indus tries and absorb out-right $loo,o0u,ouo. These stupendous facts tell their own i story and draw their own moral. I Let us suppose these millions of I dollars spent l'or beneficence, for the! building of beautiful homes, and for the endowment of school.! devoted to science, art, industries, education and religion! What might not be the i status of the United states could this money onlv be withdrawn from the lunatic asy- What, excepting a want of compre-| hensiou of the first principles of Christianity? What except that, tlniij MJLBAXK AXD GJIAXT COLWTVXKXT. Mil BANK, GRANT COUNTY, SOUTH DAKOTA. FRIDAY. APRIL I. 1SJK). Department. W. C. T. U. ignorance which is the rooto I ness. nnn selfishness which selfish is the root ot greed, and greed which is the root of politics, still control the civil ization of the nineteenth century.— Union Signal Talking tlie Cen«u« I^uke County Independent: fn two months the enumerators of census will be ready to go their rounds and as they appear at the door of residences will be met with doubtful response. The unso phisticated look upon the enumerator with an air of "It is none of your husi ness. What are you prying into our pri vate affairs for You are an assessor in disguise." No, good people, these men are only taking the census, the enumeration of the people, the whole country over. They are required to ask you certain questions which we give below and you are bound to answer them conectly under penalty. Be frank with the enumerator and an swer every question promptly. He is not an assessor to make use of your answers for purposes of taxation. He is sworn on oath not to tell or divulge a single truth ful answer you give him. Your informa tion given him cannot be used against you to increase your taxes. Theiefo e nnswor readily and truthfully, giving ev erything at its full value or correct data. The United States is divided into 175 supervisor districts with Mr. Porter at their head as superintendent. South Da kota has two supervisor districts one containing the counties east of the Mis souri river and the other, west. Of the eastern district-. Rev. J. A. Wakefield, of Aurora. Brookings county, is supervisor. He will appoint about 200 enumerators to take the census who will report their work to him. No enumerator district will contain more than 4,000 inhabitants, and all the work must be done during the month of June, commencing June 2d. If the enumerator's district is in a city, his work must be finished in two weeks. The enumerator must be a resi dent ot his own district if ono can ue found in the district able to do the work and not an assessor. The pay of a census enmneritor is as follows: For every living person, laroed. o 'J ei-nts tor every death, 2 cents lor every firm, 13 cents for every factory 20 cents for every veteran or veteran's widow, 5 cents. In special cases, a special enum erator may be paid by the day, not t»ex ceed £6.00. Here are the questions. Be pre )ared to answer: 1* Give christian name in full and ini tial of middle name, surname. 2. Whether a soldier, sailor or marine during the civil war (United States or confederate! or widow of such person. 3. Relationship to head ot family. 4 Whether white or black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese or Indian. 5. Sex. f). Age at nearest birthday. If under one year give age in months. 7. Whether married, single, widowed or divorced. 8. Whether married during the census year (June 1, 1889, to May 511, 1890). 9. Mother of how many children, and number ot these children living. 10. Place of birth. Place of birth of father. Place of birth of mother. Number ot years in United States. Whether naturalized. Whether naturalization papers have been taken out. 16. Profession, trade or occupation. 17. Months employed during the ceti 8U9 year (June 1, 1889, to May 31,1890). 18. Attendance in school tin months) during census year (June 1, 1889, to May 31,1890. 19. Able to read. 20. Able to write. 21. Able to speak English. If not,the language or dialect spoken. 22. Whether suffering trorn acute or chrouic disease, with name of disease and length of time afflicted. 23. Whether defective in mind, sight, hearing or speech, or whether crippled, maimed or deform*d, with name of de fect. 24. Whether prisoner, convict,home less child or pauper. 25 and 20. Is the home you live in nired, or is it owned by the head or by a member of the family 27. If owned by the head or memher of family, is the home clear from mort gage or incumbrance? 28. If the head of the family is a farmer, is the farm which he cultivates hired, or is it owned by hiui or a member of his family? 29. If owned by head or member of 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. family, is the farm free from mortgage incumbrance? HO. It the home or farm is owned by lums. hospitals, prisons and potter's head or member of family, and lnort ^('lds. irotruj. ffivo t.li« nost.offir.e niiiu of numAr What stands in the way of this change? gaged, give the postoffice name of owner. Best store room in Twin Brooks for rent. Good location, terms easy. 27 ft A. L. ABBOTT & Co. THE BANK OF MILBANK, MILBANK, SOUTH DAKOTA. UP"" I his is tii*1 oldest Ilai.k in Eastei n Dakota, established 1*79, and operating under the above litk- since l*hl. In addition of doing a general Banking businesi, we loan money on Farm so curities paying the mortgagee from 7 tob per cent, per annum, no charge lor coi lecting ami remitting interest,or looking alior the loau during its life. Out of hundreds ot thousands of dollars loaned by Us, tio investor has ever lost one dollar of principal or interest. We sell exchange on all eastern cities and on every foreign country in the world. Pay taxes lor non-resident property owners. Collect at reasonable rates, ami remit proceeds the same dav. Do the largest Fire Insurance business of any agency in Eastern Dakota. Milbank is situ-lied in Grant County, in the famous Whetstone Valley, the garden spot of ail the Dakotas. and bordering on the Jsisseton Indian Reservation, which will b^ opened t•» settlement in toe spring of lH'jO. Milbank will he the outfitting point lor settlers taking homes on its fertile acres. With the coming of statehood hums will tie materially enhanced in value. South Dakota has entered the Union with Prohibition in her Constitution, and this will attract the very best class of immigration lrui tlio Eubt to her fertile prairies. We have for side nome of the finest lands in the State prices that will afford the purchaser a handsome advance within a short time. Wo refer, wit bout permission, to Bank of New York. N. B. A New York, er Securit) Bank. .Minneapolis, Minn. Correspondence Solicited. ing SARGENT & DIGGS. PHOTOGRAPHKR i Office in Court House. j'jlLJ'J"!!''!"! i»»'|IMg'g' Fine Crayon and Oil Painting -Any Size /•"Al T7 Front Life,Pencil Sketching, Etc Ul(l 1 lClUlCS I^II- Interior views taken at night by flash light. The only real, genu ine artists in t!.e citv. Get your Pictures from natural artists. Babies Pictures Taken Instantaneously. Pkrring & Kirk,Milbank, S. 1). IfJTCORNKR MAIN STIiKKT & SECOND AVENUK. CHEAP MONEY. $50,000 to loan on Farm and City property. Low rates, no bonus. •ci tin' I ..ul interest of Mr .1. A. Kickert w« public soliciting a share of your patronage. PROPRIETORS. The Use Of Harsh, drastic purgatives to relieve costive ness is a dangerous practice, and more liatiln to fasten the disease en the patient than to cure it. What is needed is a medicine that, In effectually !enmg the bowels, correct!) the costive haliit and establishes a natural dally action. .Such an aperient is found iu Ayer's Pills, whleh, while thorough in action, strengthen as well as stimulate the bowels and excretory organs. For eight years I was afflicted with con stipation, which at last became so bad that the doctors could do no more for me. Then I be^an to take Ayer's Tills, and soon the bowels became regular and natural in their movements. 1 am now in excellent health.'' —Win. H. DeLaueett, Dorset, Out. When I feel the need of a cathartic, I take Ayer's l'dls, aud Cud them to be more Effective than any other pill I ever took." MjH!. B. G. Grubb, Burwellville, Va. "For years I have been subject to consti pation and nervous adaclu s, caused by de. raugement of the liver. After taking various remedies, I have become convinced thai Ayer's Fills are the best. They have never failed to relieve my bilious attacks in a short time and I am sure my system retains its tone longer after the use of these Fills, than has been the case with any other medicine I have tried.''—11. S. Sledge, Weimar, Texas, Ayer's Pills, PRKPARin BT Br. 3. C. AYT5B & CO., Lowell, Mail. Sold by all Dealers In Medicine. TTTS NO. 35 and Kirk, 2EO™GrZZT SOIJJD Insurance in first class companies 1 GOAL FIRM lilllitili come We coal i:i the market, and all grades at reasonable prices. Wo guarantee in quantity and quality. ORDERS TAKEN AT OFFICE OR ON THE STliEETS FITCH & HILTS, before thu carry the beat quality of FOR DYSPEPSIA, Ayer's Sarsaparilla an effective remedy, as numerous testimo nials conclusively prove. "For two years I was a constant sufferer from dyspepsia Mid liver complaint. 1 doctored a long tune and the medicines prescribed. In nearly every ease, only aggravated the disease. An apothecary advised ine to use Ayer's Sarsaparilla. I did so, and was cured at a cost of §5. Since that time It has been my family medicine, and sickness has become a stranger to our household. I believe it to be the best medicine on earth." F. K. McNulty, Hackman, TJ buininer st, Lowell, Mass. FOR DEBILITY, Ayer's Sarsaparilla 18 a certain cure, when the complaint origi aates in impoverished blood. I was a peat sufferer from a low condition of tlio blood and general debility, becoming finally, 'H reduced that I was unfit for work. Noth ing that I did for the complaint helped me j|D much as Ayer's Sarsaparilla. a few bottles of which restored me tc health and strength. I tike every opportunity to recommend this Hiedleine In similar cases." O. Evlck, 14 K. isL, Chilliuothe, Ohio. FOR ERUPTIONS And at! disorders originating in impurity at the blood, such as boils, carbuncles, pimples, blotches, nalt-rheum, scald-head, scrofulous sores, and the like, take only Ayer's Sarsaparilla PREPARED BY DR. J. C. AYER A CO.. Lowell, XSH. rrice $1 »U bottle*, t'i. Worth $Z bottle.