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The herald-advance. (Milbank, S.D.) 1890-1922, July 08, 1892, Image 3

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065154/1892-07-08/ed-1/seq-3/

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JOURTH TICKET.
I
and
Field "Will Lead
heir P»rt *n
the
^a11
Campaign.
Men Nominated With One
#Hot
on July Fourth at
Omaha.
Were Practically the Only
ne# iu
tlu*
1{IU'C
aml
Won Easily.
ri(
,lt-GEN. JAMES B. WEAVER
'irtsldent-GEN. JOHNB. FIELD.
tight o'clock, promptly, on the
|ng of July Fourth, though only
[tifty delegates were scattered
the Omaha Coliseum, tern
:Chairman Ellington called the
iition to order. Rev. Win. Mc
|v of Buffalo Gap, Black Hills,
prayer. The glee club ren
several selections while the
lotion waited for belated dele-
At Mo enough had arrived to
fcent a majority of the states and
was then called but there
much confusion that at 9
a motion was carried that
Ltato appoint a sergeant-at-arms
lpquiet in its delegation. The
ban of the committee on creden-
ras
called for but could not be
I for some time. He reported no
p.
[committee on permanent organ
reported in favor of H. L.
sof South Dakota for perma
fcbairman. J. H. Hayes of 'New
ffor permanent secretary, with
of assistant secretaries and a
airman from each state. The
was adopted and Chairman
bassumed his duty. It was a
jue spectacle when he. stand
nlyon his one leg and swinging
fitch at arm's length, waved the
lissmblage to order. His speech
•progressed, was a disagreeable
pseto perhaps a majority of the
ntion. But its impetuosity and
loot its hits for and against
pates, elicited cheers at every
ords. He thanked the conven
er the honor of presiding over
ande«t and largest convention
held in the west, or I believe
lierc in the civilized world." In
great revolutions were
ht about by the sword and bul
bis the greatest of all revolu
[ispropelled by education and
illot. Many thought the repub
lianger, but the speaker believed
ne great mass of wealth pro
having come to the high
lof changing the system of
fmetit by ballot, have saved the
He congratulated the con
ion the harmony which had
N throughout, and the fact of
(tesbeing fixed up, BO that the
of the people would finally
fiine the nominee. More than
here was a spirit abroad that
ominee must not only stand
py on the platform, but must
rned his bridges behind him.
he said, "at a critical period
not afford to take chances.
no doubtful man to lead
ovement. We must know he
jtowith us long enough to have
pad true, or he will find no
rre We want a man who has
Nmies for this cause, and will
pardand make more enemies in
Re- Such a man I am satis
|Q will nominate today."
[wgavel announced as from the
of the first homestead entry
Ignited States, was presented
pairman. Amid some eviden
pssent, Gen. William Jackson
inspector general of con
Per President Grant, was given
did not grant delegates the usual
reductioh in fares and appointing a
committee to communicate with the
officials and have the mistaue ratified.
Delegate Marion Cannon of Califor
nia excitedly rprotested against the
resolution, as exhibiting a want of
independent spirit in the convention.
His vehement denunciation of the
roads led to the liveliest scene of the
day. "I want this convention to
understand," he said,'-that it is not
bv accident or oversight that Pacific
coast delegates have been overlooked.
Our request for the customary cour
tesy was denied deliberately and with
insolence. I do not want this eon
's ention, so far as California is con
cerned, to go back to that railroad,
cap in hand, and ask for any privi
leges whatever.' [Tumultuous
cheers.] '-Democrats and republi
cans secured half-fare., but,we, pro
ducers of the earth, have been
refused equal terms. We can stand
the refusal." [Cheers.] "We can
tell those railway companies," con
tinued the speaker in tones that rang
from end to end of the hall, "that the
people will own and operate those
roads yet." The enthusiasm and pas
sion of the speaker extended to the
audience. Every member rose and
cheers rent the air.
On motion of Dean, of New York,
it was decided to bring the matter
before the inter-state commerce com
mission to decide whether the law
permitted railroads to discriminate
in favor of one national political con
vention and against another.
AFTERNOON SESSION.
It was 2:07 o'clock when Chairman
Loucks called the afternoon session
to order, but it was after three o'clock
before business was begun. A motion
was carried that the committee on
resolutions report such points of the
platform as were ready. The motion
carried, but the committee reported
it was not prepared for even a partial
report. Ward, of Missouri, moved to
suspend rules and proceed t: ballot.
Lamb, of Texas, wanted to adopt the
entire St. Louis platform. Brown, of
Massachusetts, said: "Let the nomi
nating speeches be made on the
Fourth of July."
The effect of the proceedings was
to alarm the resolutions committee
and they soon filed on the stage with
a platform hastily brought to com
pletion. Their appearance removed
the cause for a fight on the floor, and
the convention became silent while
Thomas V. Cator, of Califoania, read
the preamble which was adopted.
The platform was then read
and nearly every plank greeted
with the most enthusiastic cheers.
A number of delegates seized the
uprights used to hold placards des
ignating the place of state delega
tions, and rushed them to the plat
form, forming a cordon about the
whole platform. The banners were
also born there. Frontier county,
Nebraska, bore a placard inscribed:
-What is home without a mortgage?
Don't all speak at once!" Tennessee's
banner pledged 80,00() votes to the
new
Armstrong spoke at some
hnthe ®S8Ue before theconven
laenouncing millionaires he
had come to such a pass
price of a cabinet portfolio
republiean
administration is
At this point the speaker's
red and the general senti
e convention being in favor
with business, he
®mery of Michigan was intro-
a
speech and fared better
Armstrong, but the con
impatient to get to busi-
tlle
rules for balloting
°pted theconvention took
or twenty minutes to wit
maha Fourth of July
Passed the convention
rl
ad of
twenty minutes it
J? k°ur before the conven
business.
Won was introduced calling
lof th
Iact
I
^bat the ticket
Union Pacific railway
i
party, and Virginia had George
Washington for its exemplar. Ban
ners and placards were rushed down
from the stage and an impromptu pro
cession started around the body of
the hall in which the delegates sat,
drummers heading the marchers.
Connecticut's banner said, "Congress,
and not the people be damned." "Shy
luck's twins—Grover and Ben." The
women joined in the movement, and
getting in line marched with their
male associates, men not in line
shouting encouraging cries of "Right,
sister." After twenty-five minutes of
this sort of thing the leaders con
cluded to stop the tide: but it was
hard work. Finally Taubenec-k. tele
gram in hand, was at last accorded a
hearing. "I have," said he. "just
received a telegram from Dr. Hauser
of Indiana. In order that you may
know what credit to place in it, I will
tell you who he is. He is the present
candidate for lieutenant governor on
the people's party ticket, and author
of the celebrated work, "Is Marriage
a Failure." [Laughter.] "This is the
telegram: 'I have seen Gresham. If
unanimous he will not decline.
More enthusiasm. Brown of Massa
chusetts, took the stage and read a
telegram from Chairman Page of A ir
ginia, announcing him
asa
Paul Yandervoort
assumed
candidate.
of
Nebraska,
the role of
a
Gresham
enthusiast. "If it is true," said he
"that Walter Q. Gresham will accept
on the platform of the peoples party,
I will support hir» with all my heart
and
second his nomination in tins
convention."
It was moved to
adjourn until seven p. m. Anotlie
delegate
wanted a
recess until eight
o'clock. A motion to adjourn until
nine oclock, being a substitute
motion, prevailed.
IN THE EVENING.
The delegates were prompt in arriv
ing for the night session and all were
nervous and expectant owing to lack
of positive and final information as to
to possibility of nomination of Judge
Gresham. A supplement resolution
to the platform was adopted. A
lively discussion followed, Ignatius
Donnelly taking an active part. The
following dispatch was read:
CHICAOO, July 4.—J. B. Weaver,
Ignatius Donnelly, Ben Terrell. John
\\. Hayes: I have just returned and
nnd your dispatch of the 1st. I must
stand by my dispatch to Mr. Orrof
th" 2d. Accept my grateful acknowl
edgement. YV. Q. GKESIIAM.
"That settles it," said Ignatius
Donnelly, "Gresham will not accept."
Powderly, Hayes, Terrell and others
expressed the same opinion. A reso
lution declaming against the presence
of public officers at conventions was
adopted with a whoop. Then the
roil of state was called for the pre
sentation candidates for the presi
dency.
Alabama presented Gen. Jas. B.
Weaver of Iowa C. F. Norton of
Illinois placed Senator Kyle, of Sonth
Dakota, in nomination Connecticut
presented the name of Gen. Jas. B.
Field, of Virginia Georgia seconded
Kyle's nomination Illinois wanted
Senator Van Wyck: and an Indiana
man seconded Kyle's name "to get
new blood Mann Page of Virginia
was also nominated.
When nominations were completed
call of the roll for voting began and
resulted in the choice of James
Weaver of Iowa on the first ballot, he
receiving 995 votes to 265 for Kyle.
When the convention ceased its dis
play of enthusiasm it did not take
long to nominate J. B. Field of Vir
ginia for vice president, only one
ballot being necessary.
After transaction of other business
the convention adjourned.
The platform proper is as follow,1?: We
demand u national currency, safe, sound and
flexible, issued by the general government
only, full legal tender for all debts public
and private, and without use of banking cor
porations a just, equitable and efficient
means of distribution to the people a tax
not to exceed 2 per cent per annum, to be
provided as set forth in the subtreasury
plan of the farmers alliance, or a better sys
tem also by payments in discharge of its
obligations for public improvements.
(a) We demand free and unlimited coinage
of silver and gold at the present legal ratio
of 16 to 1.
ibi We demand that the amount of circu
lating medium be speedily increased to not
less than $50 per capita.
c) We demand a graduated income tax.
(d) We believe the money of the country
should be kept as much as possible in the
hands of the people, and hence demand that
ail state and national revenues shall be
limited to the necessary expenses of the
government, economically and honestly
administered.
(e) We demand that postal Ravings banks
be established by the government for the
safe deposit of the earnings of the people and
to facilitate exchange.
Transportation he ins? a means of exchange
and a public necessity, the government
should own and operate railroads in the
interest of the people.
a The telegraph and telephone, like the
postoflice system, being a necessity for trans
mission of news, should be owned and oper
ated by the government in the interest of the
people.
Land, including all natural sources of
wealth, is the heritage of the people and
should not be monopolized for speculative
purposes, and alien ownership of land should
be prohibited. All land now held by rail
roads and other corporations in excess of
their actual needs, and all lands now owned
by aliens should be reclaimed by the govern
ment and held for actual settlers only.
Resolved, that this convention sympathizes
with the Knights of Labor in their righteous
contest with the tyrannical combine of cloth
ing manufacturersof Rochester,arid declare it
to'be
the duty of all who hate tyranny and
oppression to refuse to purchase goods made
by
said
manufacturers, or to patronize any
merchant who sells such goods.
Hicks Say About the Weather.
Hicks says that July will come in
very warm in the Western half of
the* continent. A storm period is
central on the first, and storms may
be expected, here and there,' the
first two or three days of the month.
On or about lie 6th a very warm
wave will develop, and in its east
ern progress many reactionary storms
may follow. Very warm weather is
to be expected from the 11th to the
15. All storm clouds appearing
about the 12th, 14th and 15th shoAld
be carefully watched, as dangerous
developements are liable to appear
at any hour. About the 19th the
thermoemter will rise very high
again, and secondary storms will
travel from east to west, being in
transit about 18th to 20th. A warm
wave of marked intensity will spread
over the country during the period
beginning the 22nd and reaching to
the 26tli. The 24tli and 26th are
named as central danger days. Phe
month
will go out very warm with
storm culminations central on the
31st.
CONGRESS I ON A L.
TUESDAY, une 28.
SENATE—The presidential campaign was
fairly started in the senate today on the basis
of Mr. Hale's resolution asserting the great
benefits of protection, and questioning the
possible effect, of tariff for revenue only. Mr.
Hale stated tlie tariff plank of the demo
cratic platform was made to suit the candi
date, and delared the issue tietween the
parties is the tariff question, and the fight
will be waged until decided in November.
Mr. Vest, on the part of the democracy,
accepted the challenge, and had much to say
as to the McKinley act increasing the cost of
dry goods and hardware and reducing wages,
causing strikes and labor troubles, referring
particularly to the trouble at Carnegie's
works. He also commented upon the choice
of the new chairman of the republican
national committee being in line with the
policy of encouraging monopolies, Campbell,
he decared, being the paid attorney of 1*. 1).
Armour.
After the resolution was laid aside with
out action, the conference reports on the
Indian and army appropriation bills were
presented and agreed to.
The agricultural appropriation bill was
passed and consideration of the legislative'
appropriation bill resumed.
Abolition or continuance of the Utah com
mission was the subject of discussion, but
went over without action, and the senate
adjourned.
HOUSE—The rules committee today
bestowed all the remaining time this week
among the committees. The house sanctioned
the arrangement and immediately embarked
upon the first of the special orders, which
was consideration of pension business.
Several pension bills were passed, and after
sustaining the conferrees on the army appro
priation in its refusal to yield to the senate
the point relative to the Union and Southern
Pacific railroad companies transportation,
the house adjourned, notifying the members
of the tin-plate bill to be called up tomorrow.
WEDNESDAY, June 2».
SENAS®—After reading of the diplomatic
and consular appropriation bill by the clerk
it was agreed to without remark. The legis
lative appropriation bill was taken up,amend
ments agreed, to and passed. The pension
appropriation bill was taken up and passed
although not until some important facts as
to the rate at which the pension business
is growing, and its probable cost within a
few years—put at $200,000,000 a year—had
been stated by Senators Stewart, Gorman
and Cockrell. The postoffice appropriation
bill was taken up and passed, the amend
ments striking out an appropriation for the
fast mail service and inserting a new section
combining third and fourth class matter
into one (third) being rejected. The bill for
free coinage of silver was taken up and
unanimous consent given that a vote be
taken on the bill and amendments next
Friday at 2 p. m. The senate then took up
the legislative, executive and judicial
appropriation bill. An amendment striking
out the house provision abolishing the com
mission was carried and an approprialion
inserting $33,500 for salaries of commission
ers inserted: but the salaries were subse
quently reduced from $.",000 each to $2,000.
Mr. Carey's amendment that commissioners
hereafter t* appointed by residents of Utah
was agreed to. An amendment striking out
the provision granting the Utah property
known as the Industral Christian Iiome of
I tab for a school for deaf and dumb mutes
was agreed to, aud the bill passed.
Adjourned.
HOCSE—The house declined to concur in
the senate amendments to the agricultural
appropriation bill, and insisted on its provis
ion in the army appropriation bill (struck out
by the senatt,) prohibiting use of money
appropriated for transportation of troops
and army supplies over any bonded lines
controlled or operated by the Union Pacific
or Southern Pacific systems. Agreed to—
105 to 2o. The conference report on the Indian
appropriation bill was submitted. It appro
priates $7,827,000, or S41Ki, more than when
originally passed by the house. Mr. McMil
lan, of Tennessee, argued in favor of the
rejection of the report, saying the democrat*,
must take a stand in favor of retrenchment.
The conference report on the Indian appro
priation bill was disagreed to, and the bill
again sent to conference. An attempt to
bring up the tin-plate bill was met by the
republicans with filibustering motions, and
the house adjourned.
THURSDAY, June 30
SENATE—Mr. McPherson gave notice that
he will not abide by the unanimous consent
given yesterday for a vote on the silver bill
at two o'clock tomorrow, as consent was
given during his absence. He said the con
sent was given in absence of every member
of the finance committee and in violation of
an agreement made before the Minneapolis
convention, that no vote be taken on the
bill until after toth conventions—which
meant,, he contended, until the senators
returned to Washington, which they had
not yet done. Mr. Morgan denounced Mr.
Mi-Pherson's attitude, and declared the pol
icy of delay would not succeed but that the
senate would pass the bill and send it to the
house in time for that body to pass also
Mr. Morgan also expressed conviction that
the bill would not be vetoed, but signed. A
motion to recommit the bill to the finance
committee was pending when the senate
adjourned, as was also an amendment to
Mr. Stewart's substitute, which would seem
to confine the free coinage privileges of the
bill to the product of American mines after
the bill becomes a law. Conference reports
on the naval, district and agricultural
appropriation bills were agreed to—the last
however, being the only one of the three in
which all dispute was arranged.
HOUSE—The house passed a joint reso
lution. making temporary provision for the
expenses of the government, aud the repub
licans are now filibustering against consid
eration of the tin plate bill. The republi
cans were successful in their filibustering
tactics against the tin plate bill and pre
vented its consideration. The conference
re portion the District of Columbia appro
priation bill was taken up, disagreed to and
sent back to conference. The conference
report on the agricultural appropriation bill
was submitted, and pending action the house
adjourned.
FRIDAY, July 1.
SENATE—The senate voted to adjourn from
today until Tuesday. McPherson withdrew his
request for the privilege of addressing the
senate on the silver bill, and "would offer no
objection, or diliatory motion, and do noth
ing to interfere with carrying into eilect the
order of the senate." Mr. Stewart he
did not desire to place any senator at a dis
advantage, therefore he proposed to tlx
Wednesday at a o'clock for the time for
taking the vote without further debate on
the bill and amendments. Mr. Gorman said
he felt himself under peculiar circum
stances. He had been rather looked to by
senators on his side to object to the request
for unanimous consent, but he had not
objected, but believed that under the cir
cumstances those in charge of the bill could
not properly insist on going on with the bill
without giving every gentleman an oppor
tunity to be heard. Mr. l'ugh said his col
league (Morgan) is absent, and no agreement
could be made under the circumstances.
During disscussion as to the restrictions
imposed by the senate agreement on the
silver bill. Mr. Morgan insisted that If the
president laid the bill before the senate the
rule would depend on the question of Mr.
Dolph's motion to recommit. The motion to
recommit was lost. Mr. Vest, wanted further
consideration of the bill postponed until
December lost by a tie vote. Mr. Vest
moved to strike out the provisions as to
foreign coin. Agreed to without division.
Mr. Morgan offered an amendment directing
coinage of all silver bullion in the treasury,
and it was also agreed to without division
The bill then passed—yeas 29, nays 25, It,
reads as follows: "That the owner of silver
bullion may deposite the same at any mint
of the United States, to be coined for his
benefit and it shall be the duty of the pro
per officers, upon the terms and conditions
which are provided by law for deposit and
coinage of gold, to coin such bullion into
standard silver dollars authorized by the
act of February 22, 187#, entitled an act to
authorize coinage of the standard silver
dollar and restore its legal tender character
and such coins shall be legal tender for all
debts and dues, public and private. The act
of July 14,1MI0, entitled an act to 'issue
treasury notes thereon, and for other pur
poses,' is hereby repealed provided, that,
the secretary of the treasury purchase with
silver or coin certificates." W hen tie result
was announced, there was a manifestation
of triumph on the floor and in the gallaries
which ttie presiding officers had trouble in
suppressing. After order was restored a
brief executive session was held, and then
the senate adjourned.
HOUSE—After adopting the report of the
conference committee on the agricultural
appropriation bill today, the bill granting1
annual leave of absence to the employes of
the bureau of engraving and printing was
passed. The bill enforcing the provisions of
the eight-hour law gave rise to considerable
debate, but finally passed. Announcement
that the senate had passed the free silver
bill was received with applause. The house
took a recess, the evening session to be for
the consideration of private pension bills.
SATURDAY, July 2.
HOUSE—A message from the senate
announcing passage of the free silver bill
was received with applause. The disagree
ing conference report on the District of Col
umbia appropriation bill was presented and
further conference ordered. Conferees
were instructed to urge an amendment pro
viding $7 ,0(i0 of the district's revenues for
expenses attending the Grand Army encamp
ment at Washington. Mr. Blarnchard of
Louisiana submitted a conference report on
the river and harbor bill. The previous
question on adoption of report was ordered—
yeas 152, nays TW. After eulogies on the late
Senator Wilson of Maryland, the ho-.iae
adjourned until Tuesday.
HEADS THE PliOCESSION.
A
Minnesota Vapor nays That
South
Dakota Lands Head the Lint.
Minneapolis Times: South Dakota
will lead the procession at the harvest
festival of the states this fall, accord
ing to present indications. During
the drouth season it suffered probably
as much or more than any other state,
but the moisture during the,past win]
ter and summer season so far has been
very heavy. The precipitation has
been such that the old lake beds are
all full, the streams are filled and the
sub soil has been saturated to the
depth of many feet. Last year the
rainfall was fair, and with the soak
ing received this year there is a revi
val of the old-time confidence in the
future of the state. The soil is such
that no amount of rain can well pre
vent the crops from being put in,
since any of its land can be worked
a few hours after the ,most drenching*
rain. There is a large increased
acreage over last year, and according
to all reports the crop will be enor
mous all over the state. A small por
tion of the state, a part of the James,
river valley, suffered from drouth
even last year, but this year all
through that extensive and lertile
valley the crops are said to promise
larger results than were obtainod
eight or ten years ago, when they
were so large as to make that valley,
which is about 250 long by fifty wide,
famous as a wheat growing region.
Lands at a time, when wheat was.
high, went up to higher figures than
was before ever known in a new coun
try, but with the partial failure of
crops there was a subsequent decline.
Now there is a demand again for
James river valley wheat lands.
Many parties from the east are now
seeking them. Lands are advancing
rapidly, and South Dakota seems to
be entering upon an era of great pros
perity.
Miss Cassatt and Mrs. MacMonnies^
both American artists now at work
in Paris, have been commissioned by
Mrs. Potter Palmer to do the greater
part of the decorating work on the
interior of the Woman's building at
the World's Fair. Both women, by
their work, have won favorable
recognition in Paris art circles.

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