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MILBANK, S. D. W. W. DOWXIE, Editor and Pool' OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITTM COUNTY, FRIDAY, 8EI*A\ 16, 1892. .PROTECTION AND RECIPROCITY! Republican Ticket. For President, BENJAMIN HARRISON, of Indiana. i For Vice President, WHITELAW BEID. of New York. STATE TIC KET. For Presidential Electors— CHAS. J. BUJBLL, of Pennington. G.*P..KINGSBURY, of Yankton. JOHN PROTHERO. of Codineton. G. A.SILSUY, t?For Congressmen— of D«TiSOft. 3. A. PICKLER, :*For Qovernotv- ^For Land Commissioner— THOMAS RUTH, of Kingsfrwy iSPer Commissioner of Labor Statistics— of Faulk. W. V. LUCAS. of Fall Biver. 0. H. SB1SLDOK, of Day Connty, •JFat Lieutenant-Governor— C.N. HERRIED. of Mc Pherson County. 3Tor Secretary of State— THOMAS THORSON, of Lincoln County. JPor Treasurer— W. W. TATLOR, of Spink Cennty. AttMMSj1 General— COE I. Vor State Auditor— CRAWFORD, of Hashes CW^r. J.E .H1PPLE, of Hatch inson Coanty. ijfar State Superintendent— CORTKZ SALMON, of Turner Connty. WALTER MCKAY, of Lawrence Connty Republican Connty Convention. A delegate convention of the Republicans of i&rant County, South Dakota, will be held at the :fourt house in the City of Miibank, on Saturday, September 17, lH m, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, »lor the purpose of nominating the following offi cers, to wit: One Sheriff, one Clerk of the Cir cuit and County Court, one States Attorney, one bounty Auditor, one County Treasurer, one Reg ister of Deeds, one County Judge, one County iHupcnntemleut of Schools, one Coroner, one County Surveyor, one State Senator and two fneiuhers of the legislature. The following is the number of delegates to ftv'hich each precinct is eatitled, to-wit: No.Del.! No. Del. Adams Melrose S Alban. 0!Mllbaaa, 1st Ward 4 llig stone City, 1st W..8 2d 5 2d ..21 3d 5 |Jig Stone Twp Osceola........ 4 lieorgie 3| Stockholm...... 8 Oraut Center...... 5|Troy 3 Jh'ilborn 6 Twin Brooka 4 tiazeppa ladiaon 31 Vernon 6 -i. ,4j Total 79 The committee recommends that the caucuses Jbe held at the usual places, on Thursday, the J5th day of September, 18W, at 2 o'clock p.m., -except the cities of Milbantc and Big Stone City, £nd that they be held therein at 8 o'clock p. m., the same day. Dated at Miibank, South Dakota, this 10th day ftf August, A. I). 1892. By order of Republican Central Committee for 4*rant County, South Dakota. JOHN W. BILL, Chairtaan. The September number of Conklin's Dakotian is full of political meat, of a found, healthy character in Conklin's best fein. This number oi ihe Dakotian Should be in the hands of every voter in ihe state. The labor commissioner of Minne sota htis published a report of the farm mortgages of the state, which shows that tor the last ten years the number of mort gage* foreclosures in each county has greatly decreased. In one county there were ninety-seven foreclosures in 1881 Had only seven in 1891. The democratic state central cotn imttee is in session at Yankton, and the Question oi fusion with the independents is oeing considered. The late democrtic jtate convention pronounced against fu sion by a vote of ten to one, and whether Ihe central committee will ignore this fact and map oat a plan ot fusion in direct opposition to the voice of the state convention is is yet an undecided ques tion. money to Loan On Farm. The Bonk ot Miibank has money to $nnn on farm securities at reasonable fates, and without delay for approval Honey will be paid on completion ot the papers. Sahgent & Dioos. The Bargain Store will sell thei sum mer goods at cost. When your food has no relish, the jgjbouiach ne«»ds to be cleansed and jftren'theaed by a dose or two or Ayer's Pill*. Don't forget to visit the Minneapolis bargain Store. We do not know of a splendid double %agon all complete ever having been •old before for $50. This is the price at Wood Bros. Waktkd—The best and cheapest plow Wade. You can tind that plow at Wood brothers. For bargains in dr*»ad g*n»u», iioeery go the Minneapolis Bargain Store. The celebrated Weir gang plows sad Sjmkeys at Wood Bros. •:& Never in the hiaionof the wagon trade wagons sold as cheap as Wood JfcNit aro now peering them. PROTECTION DEFENDED Senator Aidrich Strikes tbt Keynote of the Campaign. EFFECTS OF THE M'KINLET LAW. Facts aad Figures Collected ftp Official Experts Pursuant to a Senate Resolu tion of March 3, 1891, Show the Cost of Living Reduced and the Wages of Labor Iucreased—The Farmers Especi ally Benefited. Ma President—It is evident that the tariff question is to become, by common consent, the leading issue in the approach ing presidential campaign. In his speech of June 28. the senator from Missouri (Mr. Vest) makes this unequivocal statement: "I am prepared to show that the McKin ley act has had the effect of increasing prices upon the necessaries of life to the people of this country, and that the state ment in his resolution [referring to the senator from Maine] that an era of cheap ness in the necessaries of lifa is being brought to the people of the United States is absolutely and unconditionally false." One of the principal purposes of the tariff inquiry ordered by the senate resolution of March 3, 1801, was to ascertain whether this claim of the opponents of protection was justified. An investigation much more extensive and thorough than evi before attempted was instituted! The committee determined to ascertain the prices paid for all articles of general con sumption at retail in every part of the United States on the first of each month from June, 1889, to September, 1891, a period of seventeen mouths prior to the passage of the act of 1890 and eleven months subsequent. The quotations were in all cases secured from actual sales. The places at which quotations were obtained were selected with the view of covering the entire country geographically, and in cluded typical commercial, manufacturing and agricultural communities. The prices were secured by the trained experts of the department of labor with the greatest care. The list of 215 articles was carefully se lected by the unanimous action of the com mittee, with a view of covering every pos sible expenditure of a family in the average condition of life—that is, with an income of $500 to $1,000 per annum. The results of this comprehensive and exhaustive inquiry are contained in the report recently made by the finance com mittee. This report covers 2,200 printed pages and contains more than 1,200,000 dif ferent quotations. This investigation clearly establishes the fact that a decline instead of an advance has taken place in the prices of the neces saries of life and the resulting cost of liv ing siuce the adoption of the act of 1890. The articles were divided into the follow ing groups: First—Food. Second—Cloths and clothing. Third—Fuel and lighting. Fourth—Housefurnishing goods. Fifth—Drugs and chemicals.1 Sixth—Metals and implements. Seventh—Lumber and building mate rials. The percentage of decline in the various groups, embraced in the schedule is shown by the following table, prices for June, July and August, 1889, being taken us a basis fur comparison and represented by the number 100, changes being shown by percentages of that number: Food 100.63 Cloths and clothing. 19,65 Fuel and lighting WMJ9 Metblt and implements 97.49 Lumber and building materials '.'8.28 Drugs and chemicals 95.90 House furnishing goods. 99.83 Miaeelianeoos loolss Avenge. 9941s The finance committee also investigated for the same period the course of whole sale prices at the great distributing cen ters. While thin investigation disclosed greater fluctuations in price of the articles selected, the general result was the same, the fall in wholesale prices running sub stantially parallel with that of retail prices. It will be observed that the greater per centages of decline are in the groups of manufactured articles, where it was claimed the greatest advance had taken place. Ip addition to the inquiry stated above the committee caused retail prices of the different articles included in these lists to be taken on May 1,1893, at three of the points at which the original inquiry was made—namely, Fall River, Mass., Chicago and Dubuque, la. The result of this latter inquiry shows that a still further decline in prices and in the cost of living had taken place between Sept. 1, 1891, and May 1,1802, clearly establishing a continuance of the tendency to lower prices and lower cost of living. It is showu as a net result of the investi gation that prices and the cost of living, based on the expenditures of a family in ordinary circumstances, had declined &4 per cent. In May, 1868, as compared with the period prior to the adoption ot the tariff act of 18B0l It is difficult to see bow the results ot this thorovghly exhaustive Inquiry could a surprise to anjMg* u*»ia* bejkoaU 4 N, be a professional tariff reformer. The de cline in the cost of living was, as shown, 3.4. The advance in wages, as shown by the same report, was.75of 1 per cent. This makes an average advance in the purchas ing power of wages of 4.15 percent. As suming ftXXl as the average income of the Aunilies of the country, this would be equivalent to, say, **-.'•" per family, or an aggregate saving for 13,000,000 families of $325,000,000 for each year. The addition of this vast sum annually to the national earnings and wealth is an achievement which speaks with a more eloquent voice than I can command in be half of a policy under which such results are passible. It is very significant that while the cost ofliving in the United States declined for the period covered by the investigation of the financial committee the cost of living in England increased 1.9 per cent. If the conditions had been reversed our Demo cratic friends would have insisted that this was the direct and logical result of rival revenue systems. I am curious to see what explanation they will now make. The result is unquestionably a very sur prising one to them and one which they will have difficulty in explaining away. While the attempt to compare average re tail prices in England and the United States is not satisfactory, I am convinced that for a family buying the same quantity and quality of articles at retail in the two countries the cost of living would not be higher in America. At no time our history have the earn ings of the American people been as great, measured by their power to purchase the comforts and necessaries of life, as they are today. Measured by the same stand ard, they are vastly greater than tho?e of any other people in the world. [The senator here analyzed a table pre pared by Mr. Daniel McKeever, of the importing firm of H. Herman Sternbach & Co., of New York, and previously quoted by Senator Vest. He demonstrated that the astrakhans, velvets and silk linings mentioned in the letter are luxuries, and that the articles of that class in-common use are now cheaper, as shown by the foi ling table in the official report]: PRICES OF COAT LISTINGS AND WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S DRESS GOODS. ian cloth111188^IUl' lan cloth— Jl^' Farr Alpaca Co., Hoi- yoke, Mass.: Double warp coat lin ings, S.' inches...... Single warp c-nat *180^ Coats. Cents. Cents. S ff Southbridge, Mass.: 27% mi list- inirs, inches!,. Dress poods— Manchester mills,Man chester, N. H.: "813" cashmere, 83 inches Arlington mills, Law rence, Mass.: Cotton warp cash mere, No. 100,34 to 86 inches Cotton warp cash mere, No. 200,33 to 80 inches Atlantic mills, Provi dence: Wii is is a e A a n i 's Fs, 85 inches A a n i s s 3 5 inches Hamilton Woolen Co., 18 18 2354 IS VUC roil AipiKil company, of Holyoke, Mass., quote double and single warp coat linings at a lower rate in July, 1892, than in either of the previous years. The other quotations sub mitted by me are the prices at which the goods manufactured by the five leading American producers of women's and chil dren's dress goods sold their product at the respective dates named. These quota tions show a decline in price in every case. These quotations refer only to domestic goods but a very large proportion of the goods of this class consumed in the United States is produced by the domestic manu facturers, who have practically the con trol of the American market. It can, however, be conclusively estab lished that the cost to import the gre«t mass of women's and children's dress goods is less today than it was before the passage of the act of 1890, and it is cer tainly true that both foreign and domestic goods of this character are sold at retail at lower prices now than they were prior to October, 1890. I have been furnished by Messrs. William H. Burgess & Co of Paris and New York, with a statement showing the foreign cost and the cost to lay down in New York, duty paid, of all wool cashmeres, standard quality, 12 to 13 twill. Other descriptions of all wool dress goods vary in price with these at a fixed ratio. This statement shows that the cost to import the goods in question, duty and other charges paid, in 1887, was 44.2 cents in 1888,42.8 cents in 1880, 41.4 cents, and in 1892, 40, cents per yard. This would seem to clearly establish the fact that for the great mass of women's and children's dress goods used in the United States the cost laid down in New York to the import er is less today than it was prior to tariff changes. In regard to the price of astrakhans there is very htUe to be said,. The demand for this fabric is extremely limited, and fluc tuations in the price are of very little im portance to the people of the country. I have, however, been furnished with sam ples and a price list of astrakhans of do mestic manufacture by the Goodall Wor sted company, of Sanford, Me. This list shows that the company referred to sells 54-mch astrakhans, 50 ounces in weight, at per yard net to their customers, or at 97 cents per yard less than the cost of im- E?vermila,g00d8'M A fl r' KP°Tted byMr* I submit a table showing the compara tive prices at which silk sleeve linincs were sold for consumption prior to Oct ober, 1890, and in 1892: PRICES OF SILK STRIPED SLEEVE LININGS. Price in Differ- .-is 1890 after once in 1 i n a w i 1 w a s i e i e in lm passed, ia 1892. lower. No. 1,40 Inches 87 jt No. 2,40 inches 88 No. 8,40 inches 60 No. 4,40 inches 82.5 No. ft, 40 inchw 73 Cents! Cent*. as 40.5 49.5 54 CO 84.7 2.8 88.30 17.7 47.23 12.75 61.8 10.7 88-5 144 This table shows a decline in prices in all varying from 2.8centsperV^tol77 eents per yard. [The senator then pointed out that cot. ton velvets and oorduroys had sold duced the price so low as to drive the Americans out of the market, and that, though the prices have since been raised and are a little higher than when the Mc Kinley bill passed, they are not yet so high as in 1885-7. He presented the proofs and continued]: Bearing upon the question as to whether an increase has taken place in the price of table cutlery, I will state, upon the au thority of Charles S. Landers, of Landers, K rary & Clarke, of New Britain, Conn., large table cutlery manufacturers, that the prices on the entire line of goods manu factured by them are at least 7% per cent. ism6' an they Still they Come! We refer to the new stock of WINTER Constantly arriving at Erlandson & j0 son's. You can make a selection fro® this extensine stock if you want something substantial and styl ish in wearing apparel. Don't fail to Come and Look it On Particular attention is called to our fine] of LADIES CLOAKS and REEFERS were In regard to the price of pocket cutlery I have received a letter from Mr. W Rockwell, of Miller Brothers' Cutler^ S:" ,rom 6 rednre, Incidental expense,. UUjn pretty accurately adjusted retard to t»il Wgh previous to 1887-9, that AmerfoZ attempted to manufaetui* tonka maaufSSnS^gSl^ ERLANDSON & JOHNS This space is re served for the Grocery Depart ment at duction is lowest. This was tie rme was followed in the preparation of tin of 1890. Protective duties levied in this have but one purpose and can have cffect—that is, to protect American and to maintain the existing ply, however, of in October, 1890, and that no advance has taken place since that tune. I will print Mr. Landers' letter in The Record. CW"a"1" ,oUowln« pr*Ce8 on SeVe1?1cosfchave cles 8ty,e8 that «o a S tbl «11 I different operations. One of the oldest foremen in the countrv eati mates that the advances which have been teady work given the men, will furniah W"1 quently creator JT ncy and C0M®* SsSSLEW high wages and earnings of American When such duties w arc removed or below the protective point labor the full force of the blow. This rule for fixing ratesshouMW to articles in the prod which the United States has eqau Ural advantages with other countries a protectionist States I believe that the li cannot afford, having in most rapid development of her sources, to should American pocket cut- ?any Sterns have not been ad bS^ldhS11' h*vc Bl beenad- vanced bo they now pay a small profit. per £nt fllf068 do not 10 per cent, to the jobbing trade. The mar gin of profit between the jobber and con •on or necessity of advancing the nricTto '.he consumer, and It hM be.„ doo™ rJ^ ^ages of pocket cutlery workers Pf levy duties upon article'® productiorl of which other countries permanent natural advantages. Sucfi b« admitted free. From this point of view much time has been wasted in the eollec discussion of statistics in regard toso total labor cost of prtxluction. these statistics leave out of the w tion sums paid for clerical 8frTIce,n(# perintendence, for taxes and jns"r||"T labor in repairs and materials an great mass of incidental to make up the cost of doing hu® the ultimate cost of production. represent labor or services. 1"® lected for taxes, for instance, go school teachers, firemen, P?lice"jj' assessors, collectors and van01" ployees in the public service, sential elements in the cost of can be reduced to an expemlitarew or services in some form, and la production and total cost of p"*1 equal terms. Among the many reumrkatiie^' made by the senator from speech of June 28,1 fin^t the fo "I am prepared to show h.v testimony that never in the lnswo country has there been such of labor, never such hostile a relations between employer nn never such prostration of 85?rl terests, never such a limiting a ing of foreign markets, never• s brought about in so short a tiro infamous legislation." .... (Tosupport this he preseints' leged strikes, lockouts and wag® compiled by Hon. John De New York World, covering Dec. ®w® lo thai th 4, 1890, to June •eventy-aeven strikes occurrw Her* is a list furnished by rtaoer ot labor for each yearoi elnslTol: (Continued on Eigl'tb PH* V- h'