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iMisr utical tips. e Tariff Not a Tax. THE WORKINGMAN'S SMOKE. N Writes Letter Full Straight One® for Consideration* juinfnari*es the Issues Campaign Under Three heads. of Are Tariff, Reciprocity jri National IJanks— Other Items. fctter has been made public mm. James G. Blaine to baa Manley of the republican fommittee. Mr. Blaine says: being able, for reasons which I explained to you, to deliver I speaches in the present lgn, I take the liberty of [ting my views on issues which [d as being the strongest for leans to urge before the bt—The issue of greatest eonse is the tariff on imports, and kntinuc to be until a settlement [ted by a majority so large that 1 be tantamount to general (sconce. Republicans are ^ive on this subject. Two [ago they passed a general bent known as the McKinley [which for a time failed to meet [popular approval, and was |ed with a certain degree of it by those who always upheld ptective system. But a power ction has come, in consequence ication of the McKinley tariff erience. It is found to have admirably, and within the produced a greater volume iness, internal and external, and import, than the United ever transacted before. Not ding the character and of the opposition to it, ture is remunerative, ctures are prosperous and rce more flourishing than at vious time—thus vindicating vinley tariff by an impressive "eniable series of facts. inst this tariff the democratic has taken a position almost a parallel in the history of untry. They reject entirely rincof protection, pronounce ud and anathematize it ly. A resolution to this effect opted by the democratic tion, against the report of mmittee on' resolutions, by a irds vote, thus manifesting diligent participation of every 1 the convention. letimes resolutions may be in haste, or just when a con 1 is adjourning it may fail to the attention of members but solution was debated, pro and dopted after contest, and was iy understood by members of mention." Blaine quotes the plank of the tttic platform denouncing pro etc., and adds: "If anyone 'ke the trouble to read the ions by which Calhoun sought Bd ^is nullification scheme in will find the tariff platform democratic party in general V ^therewith and if he the subject further he will frtbedftties in the compromise *taich reconciled Calhoun and his angry followers in JVej 13.09 I i"0 Wou see" says the Free-Trade "professor" every time the working,. bnts to have a smoke and buys a box of cigars like this he has to pay |$3-°9 extra for the benefit of the Tariff barons" Yet this very was purchased at retail for $1.50, just $1 59 Trade "professorV tax." Strange, isn't it?— From AMERICAN wise Carolina were of a more com- s'v® character than those 'Plated in the democratic reso 0f 1892. democrats &re& the habit of less than the naming Jefferson as the founder of their party and yet, on the subject of tariff, they arc in radical opposi tion to the principles laid down by Jefferson. Toward the close of his administration the revenue from tariff on imports produced a consider able surplus, and the quest ion was what should be done? Should the tariff be reduced, or should this surplus be maintained? "Jefferson pointedly asked: Shall we suppress imports and give that advantage to the foreign over the domestic, manufacturers? For him self lie recommended that 'the imports be maintained'and the sur plus created 'be appropriated to improvement of roads, canals, river and education. "If the constitution did not give sufficient power to warrant these appropriations, Jefferson went so far as to recommend it be amended. This presents the strongest condition of affaires upon which protective tariff can be justified, and Jefferson did not hesitate to recommend it. The democrats of the pre&nt day, it is needless to say, are in direct opposition to the policy which Jefferson thusoutlined and adhered to. "Second—"When the principle of reciprocal trade was first proposed to be introduced into the tariff system, the democrats showed the most generous appreciation of the question and gave their support so long as the republicans refused to accept it but when the republicans came to approve of it the democratic support vanished, and instead of favoring, we find the democratic national convention passing a resolution hostile to the system. But in spit of democratic opposition, we l^ave attained, through recipocity, new and valuable trade, and the system has demonstrated its many advantages. We were about to declare sugar molasses, coffee and hides free of all duties in the McKin ley bill but instead of that, we passed a law by which we ask the several nations interested what they would give to have those articles made free. We found that the privileges which we were about to give without cost and without charge, would secure laige trade in foreign countries.^ ••The free list of the McKinley tariff, is larger in number of articles and in aggregate amount of their import value than the dutiable list. What would have been the result to the United States if every article, before it was put on the free list, had been made the subject of inquiry to see what we could get in exchange* for it. We ommitted to do so for many years, and that neglect has cost the government advantages in trade which would have amounted to tens of millions of dollars. "This is the whole of the reciprocity scheme. It is very plain and very simple. It secures valuab e trade in exchange for articles othc destined to be put on the free list The democratic party think they can discredit it, and they make the eflort apparently for the un^1" triotic reason that they did not °r»Third—'With all its calamities, war brought to us one great the world State banks. exceptions, T™c™have c!lused an aggregate loss of hundreds of millions of dollars among the poor. S ncc the 'lose Of the war all this is different. Fmy paper dollar that circulate. 5Sr to people has the bn.ted scites behind it as a guarantee. A £ucS»ks that exist are under control of the national government thcy fal1 »s financial institutions the government has taken care their bills are to be paid y securities deposited in government vaults. "Under these circumstances it is a matter of extraordinary surprise that a democratic convention should delib erately pass resolutions for the re vival of state banks. The palpable effect of this policy, if carried out, would be to cheat the poor man out of his daily bread. If state banks be adopted, and their circulation attain large issue, no device could be more deadly for deception and despoilment of all commercial andlaboringjclasses. How a democratieconvention came to make such a declaration? who was its author? what intelligent purpose was in it, will remain a mystery. I have heard the argument adduced that we would keep our money at home if state banks were instituted but.we should keep it at home, be cause it would be so worthless that nobody would take it abroad. Were the system of state banks revived, we would again have discounts at state lines, large charges for drafts on financial centers and general suspi cion of every bill offered in payment, with a liquidation every few years that would be a destructive loss to innocent holders of bills, and a corre sponding profit to parties owning banks. •'The three issues which I have given are the issues on which I would arraign the democratic party. I would not multiply issues nor be di verted by our opponents from stead fast adherence to and constant presen tation of these questions before the neople until every voter is made to know and understand their true and weighty significance." LATE NEWS SUMMARY. Washington, Political, Foreign, and Genera! Domestic, Happenings of Note. Telegraphic News of the World Condensed for the Benefit of Busy Readers. WASHINGTON NEWS. Up to and including the 31st of August the treasury department has shipped to various points in the United States $7,000,000 in small notes to facilitate the moving of the crops. Assistant Secretary Crounze, of the treasury department, has tendered his resignation to enter the guberna torial campaign in Nebraska. He will look after the work of his depart ment until his successor has qualified. Secretary Rusk has received through the department of state a copy of a letter from Minister Lincoln, contain ing information that the Government of Great Britain has removed the prohibition on the admission of live sheep into that country. The secretary of state has ordered suspension from duty of James C. Kellogg, consul at Stettin, because of complaints from the health officers at New York that Kellogg is- absent from his post and inspection of vessels from that port is very lax. Investigation resulted in the suspen sion. .• POLITICAL. The republicans of Connecticut nominated Samuel S. Merwin for gov ernor. North Dakota democrats endorsed the independent state ticket in its entirety. Ex-United States Senator Henry W. Blair of New Hampshire has been nominated for congress. Montana republicans nominated J. C. Richards, of Butte, for governor and Chas. S. JLIartmau of lozeman for congress. Daniel Buchanan, Jr.. was nomi nated by acclamation for congress by the democrats of the Tenth congres sional district of Wisconsin. The New Hampshire state demo cratic convention nominated Luther F. McKinney, of Manchester, for governor on the first ballot, and chose presidential electors for the ensuing campaign. Colorado republicans nominated Judge J. C. Helm, of the supreme bench, for governor James M. Downing, of Aspen, for lieutenant governor and E. J. Eaton, the pre sent incumbent, for secretary of state. The Confederate States used to brand its live stock and mark its pro perty "C. S." Probably the demo cratic convention had that musical combination in mind when they made their ticket (C)bveland and (S)teven son. The North Dakota Printing com pany has incorporated The object is to publish a weekly paper called the Independent, the specific policy of which will be to fight Gov. Burke and to support independent candi dates for the legislature. The Dunham (N. C.) Crlobe is for Cleveland with a resounding whoopee and a rebel yell, as follows: "The pension fraud is the greatest of the age—and Cleveland struck the beg gars in the face. He should be given a chance to hit 'em again." Reciprocity is moving British trad ers and manufacturers to meditation and wrath. Whatever the democ racy on this side may say about "the reciprocity humbug," British mer chants look upon it as one of the most serious and far-reaclnng meas ures which the United States has put forth. The British Trade Journal otates: "British merchants and man ufacturers are asking themselves whether something could not have been done to prevent the conclusion of the Spanish West Indian treaty between bpain and the United States in its present differential form. The United States steps into the Cuban and Porto Rico markets, while British goods are shut out. It is a decided victory for the aggressivo commercial policy introduced by Mr. Blaine. If anything is cal culated to goad the British manufac turer into an agitation for retaliation it is just this case of Cuba, upon which the Americans have placed a gigantic and grasping hand." Stir ring continental Europe to the forma tion of zollvereins, scaring Canada into retaliation and making the Brit ish lion quake, reciprocity is a bigger and livelier bug than any humbug. FOREIGN GOSSIP. Several severe shocks of earthquake were felt in Greece on Saturday. United States Minister Patrick Egan lias sailed from Valparaiso for home. It is reported that 2,000 Afgans were killed in the last battle qpth the revolting Ilazaras. The steamer Campania,built for the Cunard Steamship company's New York and Liverpool service, was suc cessfully launched at Glasgow: The Campania is the largest steamer in the world, The London and Oneral bank (limted) has suspended payment. The bank was founded in 1882 with a capital of £1,000.000. To Sept. 10, 1891,£417,770 had been subscribed to the capital. There may shortly be another cabinet crisis in Germany in which Baron von Schelling, minister of justice, will chiefly be concerned. This minister has identified himself so closely with the Progressist party that his position is not considered tenable. The Spanish government now seems disposed to satisfy the demands recently made by the United States for the revision of the new Cuba tariff on the grounds that it does not contain those concessions for Ameri can imports which were agreed on in the convention of 1891. A most horrible murder was com mitted at the Seliuvalova barracks, near St. Petersburg. The murderer was a bandsman of the Imperial Guard, who was actuated by jealousy of his victim, who was a comrade. The murderer stole up behind his vic tim while the latter was at mess, and dealt the unfortunate man a terrific blow with a sabre, which completely beheaded him, his head falling into his plate. GENERAL. DOMESTIC NEWS. The cholera sea re is seriously affect ing eastern stock and produce mar kets. The souvenir spoon fad has been succeeded by a craze for collecting souvenir dolls. John G. Whittier, the great Amer ican poet, passed peacefully away on the 7 th inst. McAuliffe defeated Meyer in a fifteen round prize fight at New Orleans Monday night in the presence of 6,500 people. The old Academy of Music, of Cleveland, one of the most famous theaters in America, has been de stroyed by fire. Miss Lizzie Borden has been bound over to the grand jury's action accused of the murder nf her father and step-mother at Fall River, Mass. Thomas Rooney of Plymouth, Pa., having lost all bjp money and prop* erty on the result of the Snllivan-Cor bett fight, committed suicide by tak ing poison. Twenty-one of the Jersey City. N. J., ballot box stuffers were sen tenced. Their sentences ranged from six to fifteen month's. The prisoners were at once sent to jail. The steamships Rugia and Noman nia arrived at New York on Saturday last and reported nine deaths from cholera on their passage. They were detained at quarantine. The New York Standard, founded by Henry George and for a long time a prosperous weekly newspaper, has passed out of existence. It is said to have been run at a loss for some* time. Up to and including the* 31st of August the treasury department has shipped to various points in the United States $7,000,000 in small notes to facilitate the moving of the crops. Some cholera infested immigrants arrived on a lake steamer at Detroit, Mich., last Monday. This probably introduces the disease into the northwest. A case of the disease is ajso said to have been discovered at Bismarck. John Hurley, a married man, who was clerk in the treasury department at Washington, borrowed $500 from a Chicago cwoman under promise of marriage. His rascality becoming known he skipped out, taking $3,000 of the government's money with him. If the managers of the World's Fair should close their big show on Sunday when would they open it? The reeks have their holy day on Monday, the Persians on Tuesday, the Assyrians on Wednesday, the Egpytians on Thursday, the Turks on Friday, the Jews on Saturday and the Christians on Sundav. Salt Lake City is to have a Presby terian college to cost $200,000. The Problem of Work. Matthew Henry says: "Paradise itself was not a place of exemption from work. We are none of us sen# into tUe world to be idle. 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