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Elf ALD-AD\ AN E, Wru. W. DOWN IK, Publisher. M1LBANTC, SOUTH DAKOTA General Butler used to say he wanted it inscribed upon his tomb stone at Loweil, Mass., that he never commanded the Army of the Potomac. While eastern people are holding 4'good roads conventions," we in South Dakota who have occasion are bowling along over the best roads in the world, builded by Dame Nature herself. Gladstone is a direct descendant on his mother's side from King Robert Bruce of Scotland. He is therefore descended from a royal family as old as that whence Queen Victoria draws her blord. The accuracy of machine work has been reached id the United States internal revenue department. The committee appointed to take account of the stamps there reported that •ver a billion revenue stamps were bandied by the clerks in the depart ment during 1W2, and not one stamp was miscounted or lost. The Michigan idea of choosing presidential electors as congressmen are chosen, one bein^ elected by vote in each district, with, in addition, two at large, to be balloted for by all the voters of the state, is spread ing. A bill providing for selecting presidential electors in this way is now before the Minnesota legis lature. Leigh Lynch, world's fair com missioner for Samoa, who has arrived in this country with many curios, said that Novelist Stevenson would probably never leave liis island home, as he was dying of consumption. Stevenson is not writing a new novel, as has been stated, although he works a few hours every morning on little matters, presumably for magazines. When the northwestern states were first settled some croakers predicted that want of fuel would hinder their development for many years. Hut now it is found that, like every other part of this happy country the north western states can supply their wants on the spot. Besides the gold and silver that many of them possesses underground, it is being discovered that nearly every one of them has abundant coal strata. In Colorado the amount of coal mined in 1892 was 3,770,000 tons. Sir Morell Mackenzie, the famous British surgeon, had ''views'' on the women question as pronounced as on other things. He believed women should work for their living and brought his own daughters up to trades or professions. One daughter, Mrs. Ethel Mackenzie McKenna, adopted journalism as lier work and began to write for newspapers, with her father's approval and assistance, when she was only eighteen. She has already achieved a fair success as a correspondent, doing much writing for American papers and magazines. The plan of the work, now nearly complete, to utilize the power of Niagara Falls is as follows: The river is tapped a mile above the great falls and a portion of water drawn off through a canal. At intervals along this canal wells or vertical shafts are dug down into the ground. The water from the canal falls through the shafts one after another upon turbine wheels that1 whirl and develop the power for the machine works that will be Jauilt along the canal. Great plants are already in process of erection. After the water has done its work is passes off into a tunnel which discharges it a quarter of a mile below the The coast of New Jersey at Long Branch is crumbling away at an alarming rate. The great hotels will soon have to be moved back or the famous seaside resort will bo washed into the sea and leave only a memory behind. Every great ocean storm tears away an additional portion of the soft, crumbling red earth With the furious storm that came in with 1803 a'slice of fully twenty feet of the bluff 'yas taken off at one point, destroying beyond hope of repair part of the ocean driveway. We have here before our eyes an illus tration of the submerging of land by the ocean, the same process that went on for so many ages in past geological peruxiM. LA I K MVV., ALUAJA. Washington, Political, Foreign, ami j«eneral Domestic, Happenings ot Note. Telegraphic News of the World Condensed lor tlie Benefit of Busy Readers. GENERAL DOMESTIC NEWS. Gen. Butler died leaving no will. Remains of an ancient race were exhumed in Adams county, Iowa. Ex-President Ilayes' will divides his estate eoually between his live children. Efforts which promise a success are making in Montana cities to drive out the Chinese. The judge of probate atOwatonna found a tiny baby a basket iu front of his office door one day last week. The twenty-three cattlemen under arrest in Wyomingfor killing rustlers were discharged, the cases against them being dismissed. A man with half a dozen or more wives is under arrest in Cincinnati, charged with conducting swindling operations through the mails. A sick tramp was taken to a hospital at Chicago. His disease was pronounced small pox and the 625 patients in the hospital were exposed to the disease. Mrs. Catherine Sharp, widow of John G. sharp, a hero of the war of 1812, died in Philadelphia last week. Mrs. Sharp was within two weeks of being 115 years old. Padernal Peak,4 situated in the wilds of Rio Arriba county, New Mexico, is now in a violent state of eruption and is belching forth sul phurous fumes and lava at intervals of about three hours, each lasting about thirty minutes. The most important mining strike made for sometime is that ia the Bohn shaft, at Leadville. A rich ore body was struck about one week aj*o, and established a fact long sus pected, that the city Leadville rests on valuable silver deposits. It is just learned that James Frank Black alias Frank Woodruff, who was arrested on suspicion of being con nected with the murder of Dr. Cronin, died at the Lansing peni tentiary Oct. 10. Black makes the seventeenth participant in the crime or witness at a trial who have since died. The Capital National Bank of Lincoln, Neb., has failed. The deposits amount to about $625,000, and of this amount between $150,000 and $250,000 are state funds, for which the bond of the treasurer will be liable. The capital stock is $350,000, all paid up. Cashier R. C. Outcalt stated that the assets would protect the depositors, but there is great doubt expressed as to the truth Of this statement. One of the most wonderful beds of ore ever discovered in the west has just been found by the Atlantic Cable Consolidated Company, at Rico, Col., which is prospecting the camp with a 1,000-foot drill. One of the finds is a body of galena and copper twenty feet thick, another of galena ten feet thick, and a bed of pure iron twenty feet through. It appears that this vast bed of mineral covers many acres, and in some places is 100 feet thick. Peter Brinkenstein of Bay City Mich., is suffering with a broken neck, but the attending physician thinks he will recover. Brinkenstein was night watchman in a box factory and having occasion to climb to a steam pipe over the boilers, he fell, striking on his head. He remained insensible for some time, and upon recovering found himself unable to move his head. He walked home, however, and has remained there ever since. Physicians who have examined him say that two of the vertebrae of the spinal column are broken. A little negro boy, Ave or six years old, has wrought up the negroes, of Little Rock, Ark., by giving nightly exhibitions of his knowledge. He reads books of all languages and reads them correctly. He can turn to any designated chapter or verse of the Bible and read it as readily as any practiced divine. He says Jesus Christ taught him to read, and, when asked who Jesus Christ is, says He is the Son of God, but says he does not know who God is. He is a phe nomenal wonder of astonishing magnitude. The house is packed nightly by both whites and blacks eager to witness the child's ability. I At an informal conference of Chi cago lawyers, at which the question of tilling the supreme court vacancy caused by the death of Justice Lamar, was discussed. Alexander Sullivan made a suggestion that com mended itself as an equitable mode of providing for ex-presidents in a dignified way when they possess the required legal attainments. It was that at least a majority of the senators petition President Harrison to resign, the Vice President Morton, who, the country knows, would make a dignified, safe and patriotic presi dent, nominate Gen. Harrison to the supreme bench. Harrison's recognized position as a lawyer would make the appointment fit strictly on its merits, while it would furnish the president with hard work, the best solace in his domestic grief and make it unnecessary for him to return to his desolate Indiana home The suggestion was received with favor, because it would provide a becoming position without the obnoxious feature of being a sinecure for an ex-president, and at the same time give to the country a superbly equippod supreme court judge. POLITICAL. Senators Mills of Texas and Stew art of Nevida have been re-elected. John Martin of Topeka, a demo cratic lawyer, was elected IT. S. Sena tor by the populists of Nebraska. Senator Teller, of Colorado, who is a member of the judiciary com mittee, is quoted as saying: "It is my opinion that if Judge Gresham does not go into Mr. Cleveland's cabinet, he will, before many months, be on the supreme bench here." WASHINGTON MENTiON. Proceedings relative to a change in the consular sealing regulations have been dropped. It is proposed at Washington to consolidate some of the South Dakota land offices. Senator Kenna's widow was left almost destitute and her friends will urge her for postmistress at Charleston. The president has nominated Frank C. Partridge, of Vermont, to be envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States to Venezuela. Commander Henry L. Johnson has been dismissed from the navy for allowing the United States steam ship, Mohican, to go aground off the Alaska coast. The republican senatorial caucus decided by a majority vote to take favorably action upon the admission of the territories of Oklahoma, Utah and New Mexico, but left Arizona out in the cold. The Fjrt Randall military reser vation bill was defeated in the house committee on military affairs. The scheme to cede the land embraced in this reservation to the state of South Dakota was, therefore, alsfc defeated. Secretary Noble has denied the request of Col. Cody (Buffalo Bill) lor permission to engago fifty Indians for exhibition at the world's fair, It is not thought that the secretary has any personal objection to the employ ment of the Indians by Col. Cody, but he prefers that his successor should act in the matter. The senate will vote on tlie anti option billon the 31st. inst. Those opposed to the measure fixed the date and Washburn agreed to it upon the ground that several senators wanted to speak on the matter. Washburn is pleased that a vote is to be reached, lie has no doubt of success, and the ojjposition admits that he can pass the measure in the senate. Indian Commissioner Morgan has gone to Chicago to buy in open market 400,000 pounds of bacon for issue to western tribes of Indians under treaty stipulations. This bacon was contracted for last May at $7.54 per hundred pounds, but the contractor has failed to fulfil his agreement, and the government will, therefore. make the purchase, charging to the contractor the difference between the price agreed upon and the present market price. Since last May bacon has advanced in price about fifty per cent. The fees paid the messengers who bring the electoral votes to the capital amount to a considerable sum in the aggregate. Already there is some talk of repealing the provision for paying these messengers, and providing tbat the electoral returns shall be sent in by mail or by express. The following are the fees paid to the messengers from northwestern states: Minnesota, $.'115.25 North Dakota, $42(5.50 South Dakota, $.'J9S.75. When the senate adjourned the messengers bearing the returns from five states had not appeared at the capitol. These states are Georgia, Indiana. Montana, Oregon and Wisconsin. Senator Pettigrew of South Dakota offered his timber culture bill as an amendment to a pending house land bill, and the committee unanimously agreed to let it go through. The democrats have been fighting Petti grew's bill for some time, and have finally been won over. The amend ment provides that at the end of eight years all who have enteree timber claims, and who have failed or not, shall be allowed to commute by paying the ordinary land office fees, and will not be compelled to pay the $1.25 per acre that all com-1 muters of public lands are now expected to pay. This amendment also allows non-residents as well as I residents to avail themselves of the privileges by this commutation. Senator Pettigrew says that if this bill goes through, as he expects it to, it will save the settlers of his state $1,000,000 and the citizens of Minnesota $500,000, and North Dakota about the same amount. FOREIGN GOSSIP. British government to increase its army The decided Egypt. The outbreak Neitleben asylum decreasing. of chok-ra dunvs no sign It is stated that the earl of Aber deen will succeed to the governorship of Canada next June. Four hundred head of cattle and three persons were killed by a rail road collision near Buda Pesth. Information was received at the war department that ('apt. Ecavarria, Francisco Benavides and Prudebiro Gonzales, leaders of the Mexican bandits who have caused so much trouble along the border, were captured by United States troops. A terrible battle between peasants and a body of gendarmes, occurred at Termini, a seaport town in Syria. Eight, of the peasants were killed and twenty were severely wounded. The fight was caused by the refusal of the peasants t3 vacate a tract of land, the ownership of which was claimed by the commune. The marriage of THIS MEATS Archduchess Maragret Sophia and Duke Albrecht of Wurtemburg was solemnized at ienna Tuesday. Tlie wedding was one of great brilliancy,being attended by Emperor I rancis Joseph, several archdukes and archduchesses, the king and queen of Wurtemburg and other members of the royal furni]y of Wurtemburg. i: 1 A LI SHieiiit* to A KH'hf«ter "Linerv 1'rce 13 rink. Aaron Neiman. who keeps a cloth ing and furnishing store in Rochester N. Y., rushed into the police station and reported that a dummy, which had stood in front of the store, had mysteriously disappeared. The dum my's head was covered with a hat, and its form was clothed in an entire suit, an overcoat and a mackintosh. Detective Lynch was put on the case, and the police were notified to look out for a man struggling along some back street with a dummyclad in the height of fashion. Tlie police discov ered no trace of the wooden man or the man responsible for its disappear ance, but Mr. Nieman did. Nieman talked about it so much in the neigh borhood of his store that his next door neighbor heard of the loss and informed Nieman that he had the dummy, and that he could reclaim it by paying ten cents for it that a strange man had walked into the saloon witli it. He steered the dum my into the saloon so naturally that the barkeeper did not notice that only one of his customers was alive and thirsty. The real man called for two beers-snapers, too drank his friends gesunheit, said good night and walked out, leaving the dummy to pay for the drinks. The bartender did not notice the fraud for some lit tle time. Joseph Winsor, aged eighty-four, is dead. Among his inventions are the drop gates used at railroad cross ings. He was married seven times, and secured judicial separation from six of his wives. They all him. A I-1 A i i' Pretty A»Bie Huh*,.. A Pretty Kir[ st Tl at Was wilat Kflwarils rciiortwl «tl brig-rigged Hifurnej days out frofl at Jewell iiis seventeen Belgium, Brooklyn. Annie William age, and as brown-eyed young woman siw, is quite a heroic probably the honor of fw font's female "itlCti pretty a b) In cruelly deserted her. It a]* that she had been left penn "I remained heart-broke werp, not knowing whi sobbed Mrs. Atkins. "Tin day the Antwerp sailed, walking on the pier to was moored. I don't ki. made me do it, but 1 walfo NTIX sf'uvu.-.iL. rho r«»o imuui stowaway who ev «'hirp American shores. Fro© her dim mry, Tiie *h:i I'll Will' Iml's rto natH) l'Iio Annje best of treatment merited it. She had Englishman named sailed with him for Kurt," in his care ail her A (Jootl Plttee for ^onu1 ion. '"A mile and a hull (if en good many." -:iys tlwSt. before in my our •is is a later, can't Maiste m( ,n. which she had drawn When the steamer 1 ha\ tains ik fi es, Bin Queenstown destination, Bi said that her hu*batui war accompany him k had Bessie. lo business. We reached there ahor he continued: "and sia together until about Dee my husband asked me to few days in our hotel, as run into the interior of waited, as he told me, bu came back, and after he gone a week I received air him which nearly drove The letter, Mrs. Atk iasj informed her that her i1U Aohed ShCi .ok, aik at for 1 'orpenli .-OU," si is. 1 have gh^au ing. usn't a i what it smile i the cc out, a womat answer led itso as It rubbod 1 not gr nisi is di ill go 1 our oyc •t our I dogs," was an 1 hair«9 of her, dressed just as 1 *todes' attire, and with no baggaju, Mrs. Atkins said thatite between decks. There she unmolested until th« out at sea. ,n tin second day out." th added, "I could stai hunger no longer.'1 e all w ig Iron 5 a ship Simet e const g, and cs, and vimes and th i mend patohin s all- i OSv niorni n fair WHKItE C'KOW's Vltoi k sougt He wa did i andm at Lc Democrat: ••But there him i» e roost down in southwest which covers that nei: ch too area o: Out of curiosity i 10 eye could, e ei|t tirgrr Dicfs recent'] visit to the roost a n night I never heard suHi a temper life. Tin xet.| at s ®tl mod olli sick, like.* n as fee i, a feu walk with millions of the th s, and up an incessant rnar tBat w deafening, and it seemed tu all tiie crows in the I nit* had gathered there and w ing a Democratic caiicu were millions of tl them, and* seemed to be rreen wall. of W» peop in. id-gold en cam i large at's i ng the i atomy trying to m* noise than the oilier. Tt several of us, and we seen very unwelcome visitors, ever we approached theroo birds would take flight, a wings made the night scvera darker. Where they came one can sav, hut persons liv designed to survive rmany. iere Iaa by state that every evcni: in kf four o'clock until dark the lie ,e next black with vast flocks con every direction, but that early risers, and at dayb: few are left. These crows making this spot headquar number of years, and have source of no little annoyaw farmers of the surrounding by committing n.1 Km ki ikiii* Alto F*i to all i read oan bovo li laze of him wi ar of tt depredatio: their wheat fields, and «r i ,, .. raids are made on the ro° ,edoot(When dark, when the shotgun a#fa deadly execution and thousi amlsi killed. But this seems to effect on them other than 1 ,fment the others more wary. Tlif^tetr in a swamp, iand it said tU' ipalati summer the stench is for miles around. The P' that section are seriously n ing the advisability of asUysentc state legislature to offer a b1™®** crow heads, which they would ether result in the ruination' or cause them ove^o tleagr\ result cause their headquarters." Three different boring 1 ain u out a centra- feet in diameter, were invc' use in the Iloosac Tunnel. Absinthe is an alcoholafe1 of anise, coriander and flavored with wormwood an with indigo and sulphate of ""Jerusalem is still supply water from Solomon's Pools an aqueduct built by the Oft'or*.