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XUK SIIKKT liKKKDKKI.
IVngraa for Their A initial Mrrl iag to Be Held at Brookings. Following is the programme which has been arranged for the annual meeting of the South Dakota Sheep Breeders and Wool Growers' asso ciation, which will be held at Brook ings, June 13 to 15. General (lis cushion will follow the reading of each paper upon different topics: TUESDAY, .IUNK 13, 1803. fcirst day visitor will assemble at the opera house at 1 o'clock, where conveyances will be present to take them to the Agricultural College and state experiment station for thorough inspection of the different departments. K renin# Session. Address of welcome, Mayor G. .J. Collar of Brookings. Steftponse* R. C. Walton of Hyde county. ff:8&- President's-addtcss, Hon. L\ M. Hopkins of Edmunds county. 'J:00—"HBW to Make the Most Money Out of Hundred Sheep." M. !•'. Greeley of Deuel county. If'if teen minute addresses on the sair: subject, byH.lt. (ireeleyof Hamlin county, C. A. Chaniln'rluin of Moody county, W. Benedict of Minnehaha county Hoi: W. Smith of Minnehaha county and others. Wednesday, June 14. Morning Session. 10:1*0—"Adaptability of Dakota to Sheep Raising," 8. E. Wilson of Brule county. "The Creation," ('.A. Fowler of Beadle county. JbtejKrt of treasurer and appointment of com mittees. Afternoon Session. 1:00—'Sheep and General Farming," George Bafoerts of Fuulk county. 2:00—"How One Man Made Sheep Pay," I. Geyer of lark county. 3:00-" Winter or Grass Lambs," E. L. Spur ll»jg of Brookings county. 4:00-""Why Lambs Pie," Edmund THIS Cook C. Walton of Highmore. Citizens of Brookings and members of the faculty of the State Agri cultural College and Experiment Station are making preparation for hearty reception and pleasant enter tainment. Railrsads will make rates bjr one and one fifth fare for the round trip on the certificate plan, provided one hundred or more dele gates are in attendance. Hotel rates 31 per day. Thursday evening, June 15, will be devoted to addresses from Major Pickler and sheepmen living outside the state. Persons desiring programmes or information will address W. F. T. Bushnell, secretary, Huron, South Dakota. One of MUler's (iood Dredi. Mound City Picayune: Hon. Roswell Miller, president of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry., is a very humane man. It will be remembered that our people, a few years ago. were furnished seed wheat by the C. M. & St. Paul lly. Well, it so happened that Jacob Traxinger had poor crops and his wife was sick for a long time, finally dying. In this emergency, the present editor of the Picayune, then a neighbor of Mr. Traxinger, wrote President Miller, stating the circumstance and asking that this sorely afflicted German farmer have his debt to the railrsad company cancelled. Mr. Miller replied, stating that lie had no disposition to press payment in such cases that the matter would be investigated and if found as represented the debt would be can celled. In a short time Agent Brant of Bowdle drove out to Traxinger's place, found matters as ^represented, reported to Mr. Miller. Traxinger's iebt tj the railroad company was cancelled. of Huberts county. »:00—Question box. Evening Seenton. -"Feeding and shipping," F. 11. Greene of Columbia county, Wisconsin. #:00-~Remarks and Suggestions on "Sheep SVrmhig," Prof. Chilcott, director of the rt.ae experiment station. »«9&-"C'an Best Results l»e Obtained Without Grain," O. O. England of Jerauld county. Thursday, June 15. Morning Session. "Steep Inspection," G. M. Sheppard of Deuel county. 10:00 -"Tiips and Dipping," representatives of sheep dips. 11:0b-"Shall We Feuco or Herd?" To bo supplied. llemarks on "sheep Fences," to be supplied Afternoon Session. ltf© "South Dakota Wools," Col. J. Geddls of Beadle county. 2:00-"Wool Markets," representatives of coiTi miss ion houses. 3:00 -Reports of committees and election of officer*. The members of the association are requested to invite sheepmen from abroad to participate. In case of favorable response, the evening of the third day will be devoted to their papers and a discussion of the same. The committee appointed to ar range for a shearing and exhibit of sheep will make their announcement from time to time. Those who will contribute to this part of the meet ing are requested to address A. B. Hulit, chairman, Huron, D. Roberts of Faulkton, Edmund Cook of Wil mot, E. L. Spurling of Brookings, or ft. BURNING A Bed HI.UFXr. Hot and Unique South Dakota Attraction. One of the greatest curiosities in the west is the now famous burning bluff in Charles Mix county, South Dakota. Situated on a stream tribu tary to the Misscmri river, in the southern portion of Charles Mix county, is this remarkable bluff. It was noticed for many years that snow would not remain on this hill nor would the stream freeze at the base of the bluff in the coldest weather. Indians and early settlers, who quite generally imbibed many Indian super stitions, attributed tlii toother than natural causes. One winter morning in 1888 a settler in the neighborhood of the bluff on looking out of his nab in door for the first time that day. saw smoke rising from the bluff, and proceeded thence to investigate. See ing no opening and thoroughly puz zled, he dug into the bluff and on drawing out his shovel was nearly overcome by the rush of gas and smoke that poured out. For a long time scientists speculated on its or igin, while thousands of persons visit ed the spot to see the wonderful bluff. It is very abrupt, rising to no more than 100 feet in height, and present ing a variegated appearance, due to the cftalky, mild yellow svlphur, and bright yellow nLlphur rocks in the process of formation, and to the large amount of mica, alum aud lignite there imbedded. On each side is a wing, extending to the edge of Pease creek, and enclosing from the sides the bluff. The wings present the same colored faces as does the bluff, and all the wings and bluff arise to an almost perfectly level table land. On the summit of the bluff grows a beautiful flower resembling the white water lily. This flower has also a rather strange record, as the only other place it is known to grow is on Spirit Mound, S. D., which for many years was the camping and council ground of a certain Indian tribe, and which on the death of the chief be came his grave. According to the legend, this flower sprung from his grave, and the superstitious still seem to detect, something of the unearthly in the mild, sweet perfume of the mouhd lily, as it has been named. The theory of the mound is this There is known to exist, from the northern to the southern boundary, and from the western to the Missouri river, and east of it in some places, vast beds of lignite coal, and it is supposed that one of these beds lies beneath this l.'iff and is being con sumed by the internal heat. This looks very reasonable, as on digging but a few inches pieces of half-burnt lignite and sulphur stone are found, and sometimes a thin blue flame ac companies the smoke. Scientists still ponder on the source of the fire, and the bluff burns on just the same, and will no doubt continue to do so until the end of time. Glued to the lee. At Lake Traverse, a few miles west of Wheaton, N. D., hundreds of dueand geese were discovered frozen into the thin layer of ice that formed during the night. Many were dead but a larger number were alive held prisoners by the tips of their wings, unable to free themselves on account of being benumbed with cold. Many were captured by farmers living adjacent to the lake. About 25 or 30 Indians from theSisseton reservation seemed to have anticipated some thing of the kind and were at the lake early and captured nearly a wagon box full of the helpless water fowl. A 1 S-year-old bt^r succeeded in capturing 150 ducks and a half a dozen geese. Iuring the storm a farmer driving along the shore of the lake killed a number with a whip, the birds huddled up in large numbers aloug the shore being too exhausted by the cold to make any attempt to escape. Skmrdi* of Health to Conference. Dr. I). W. Robinson of Pierre, pres ident of the state board of health, states that a conference of the state boards of health of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota and Manitoba has been called to meet at Winnipeg, at some date in the near future. The object of the conference is to agree on some plan to more effectually resist the probable invasion of cholera in the northwest, should that disease make its way to the United States during the coming summer. Small pox has also made its appearance in Manitoba and the board of health of this state will advise vaccination. This is something that should inter est all, since mo^t of the young people of this state have never been vaccin ated. Insurance In South Dakota. Sioux Falls Press: State Auditor Hip pie has issued his preliminary report, showing the insurance business done in South Dakota in 1S02, and the figures indicate that however profit able this state may have been to underwriters theretofore, it was ever so much more so last year. The foreign Are companies had to return to insurers in the way of payment for losses less than 31 per cent of the premiums paid, while in 1891 the ratio was IT and in 1890 it was 4*. But the foreign life companies found even a better Held than the lire com panies, for returns in the way of losses amounted only a little over 17 per cent of the receipts from premiums as against 38 per cent in 1891 and 25 I per cent in 1890. Last year there was an increase of '55 per cent over 1891 in the lire risks written, and a decrease of about 20 per cent in the losses I incurred. These facts tell a very wholesome story. They show develop ment of the state in property in terests, and a decrease in that care lessness or chicanery which tends to swell so much the Are losses of a state. In 1890 the tire risks written amounted to $H,281.000, and the losses incurred reached $185,500—or i about per cent of the new risks: while in 1892 the risks written reached $24,000,000, and the losses incurred only $123,000—or only about 4 per cent of the new risks. In 1890. the average rate for fire insurance was $2.07} per $100 of risk, while in 1*92 it was $1.9H—and still in 1890 the com panies paid back to the insurers nearly one-half their receipts, while in 1*92 they paid back considerably less than one-third. UTILIZING FLAX STRAiV. Process by Which Both Seed and Fiber May Be Turned to (iood Account. The efforts which have been made from time to time to utilize the fiber of American grown flax have been almost entirely directed toward pro ducing results which should enter into competition with the fine linen fabrics manufactured abroad. All such efforts have ended in pronounced failure: they have only demonstrated that American flax as at present cul tivated does not give under methods commercially practicable a fiber which can be spun into fine yarn and woven into fine goods. There is at present on exhibition in N. Y., accord ing to todays Commercial Bulletin, re sults of a scries of experiments which show that on a less ambitious scale there are possibilities in handling American flax greater than have hith erto been demonstrated. The flax used in these experiments is the refuse left after the seed has been thrashed out. It is lirst cleaned by passiag through machinery and then treated to a chemical process from which it emerges in a condition akin to cotton as first picked, or to wool as first pulled, with a staple more than equal in length to mid dling American cotton. The manu facturing process from that point is of an ordinary character, passing through the various stages of carding, spinning and weaving, for which pur poses woolen machinery has been used in Ihfs instance, instead of usual linen spinning machines and looms. Various merits are claimed for this new method of treating flax. It is said that the staple obtained takes fast dyes more readily and at less ex pense thasn cotton mixes well with both wool and cotton of good grades: that its "carrying*' properties are of suck a superior order that the lowest grades of shoddy can be worked in with it in such a way as to produce a sightly and durable fabric that it felts admirably for hatters' purposes, and that, straight, it produces the best kind of lint for medical purposes, and weaves into good, serviceable towelings, crashes and other coarse linen fabrics. To support all these various claims samples are shown of delicate dyes, fast blacks and other colors of under wear and hoisery, blankets and sat inets, made from wool and yarn pro duced as above, of union and of pure linen towels, of felt hats In rough state, of lint and of different colored dyed yarns. Whatever may be the result of this new venture into the field of enterprise it has certainly reached a stage interesting enough to deserve the attention or all connected with the linen industry, and of those who arc endeavoring' to widen the opDortunities and improve the con dition of western farmers. The official trial trip of the cruiser New York will occur between May 15 and 20. but the exact dute has not yet been settled upon. The test will take place off the Cape Massachusetts. Cod coast, THE KE1) 1!3 liAGlN(r The Usually Tranquil Ite«l Works Great Havoc at (irwirt Forks, N. ». Stacks ol to Be Found Kver.v where—Narrow Es cape of Bridges. Old timers at Grand Forks delight in counting the incidents of the "flood of '82," but it is the waters of '93 that most interest the present denizens of Grand Froks and the Red river valley. While the stage of water this year has not quite reached the highest point recorded 11 years ago, yet the slight difference is lost sight of in the greater dangers incurred this year, from the fact that the modern city has improvements exposed to injury that were not more than vaguely dreamed of by those of aforetime. It is a tremendous volume of water that has poured down the Red and Lake rivers with only slight recession for the last 10 days. Nothing but the phenomenal coolness during the period has prevented most disastrous results. For four days the rushing currents washed the lower chords of the Northern Pacific and Red Lake river bridges. Had the weather been sufficiently warm to have moved the ice gorge that rested against the Red Lake bridge, wedged solidly together for half a mile up stream, while the flood was still at its height, nothing could have prevented the destruction of every one of the five magnificent bridges that span these twin rivers. As it was. the Northern Pacific bridge was given up for lost. Its construction is faulty in the respect that the track crosses it at a grade some four feet lower than the high water mark of 1882, which seems to have been adopted as the proper level for the Great Northern bridges on Minnesota and De Mers avs. The approaches of the North ern Pacific were .-o long submerged and exposed to tuc pounding of float ing icebergs that anxious crowds standing on the De Mers av bridge momentarily expected to see them swept awav. The flood continuing to rise, the draw span was swung wide open, thereby learning the surface exposed to the ice-laden torrent. The up-stream end of the ice-fender was soon carried away while the down-stream pier was pushed off and detached from the piling that supported it, causing the entire framework structure to rise eight or ten feet, raising with it the down-stream half of the draw span, depressing the up-stream portion and leaving the entire span hanging help lessly in the stream with monster ice cakes continuously pounding the unprotected structure. Suddenly an ice gorge began forming, extending from the center stone pier to the west side approach, in the form of a per fect arch, floating ire piling itself up to the height of 20 feet and extending stream quite to the De Mers av bridge. Fortunately, this gorge was broken by the liberal use of dyna mite, the draw span continued to hang to its moorings, and with the recession of the water the ice pier has been removed, lowering the span to the horizontal and allowing it to be swung back into line with the approach. Trains are now crossing, but can only proceed to the passenger station, as the track beyond for 40 rods is six feet under water and the grade washed away. The water is still several feet higher than last year whpi a locomotive and six cars were thrown into the flood in the rear of W. S. Wilder's residence and the engineer drowned in his cab. Near the Northern Pacific station is the warehouse and office of the Standard Oil Company, a substantial brick structure, which was ouite submerged to the roof. The contents of two large tanks of oil were forced out and are yet floating on the sur face of the river. Near by were the Red river steamers and the gov ernment engineering fleet, just now released from their ice-bound winter mooring. Just above the Northern Pacific bridge stands the Minnesota and Northern Transfer elevator, where steamers discharge cargoes of wheat from warehouses up and down the river to cars of the Great North ern. These buildings have been cru elly crushed by floating ice striking the su-.ing. The steamer Alsop made the first trip of the season to the ele vator at Belmont, 20 miles up the river, and found, as expected, that the wheat in store was for the most part ruined. The company estimate all their losses at an a^ro^t 000 bushels. ^r°Satc^, The Great Northern brifaa high enough to allow all to sweep under without Passim ff ra*iD, lower chord*, practically unharmed, a rcsnitT the fact that the structure h? largely rebuilt during the \m years The head „f the ice ((a| both De Mers ave. and Mini, avc. bridges are carried away served their purpose just Ion to afford protection until alld of floating ice had passed. Wal still running across the "po^ tween the rivers, cutting off |r proach to the bridge crossing, rivers. The Minnesota brid, swung, but not far enough topi the crossing of foot passengers n Red Lake bridge will require^ erable repairs before crossing resumed, but as yet the watery or ten feet deep over the norj" proaeli. The residences of Maj. J. R. nd ton, J. E. Coolev and many others the grove at the bond of 3rd sT still submerged, though tbeirown are beginning to prospcct with view of resuming residences. Er sive renovation will be necessarr fore any of the houses in this par the city can be re-occupied. The auxiliary pumping station is a* pletc wreck. Dilapidation rei^ "Shantytown'' on the flats above below the city, and the shacks i formerly sheltered 100 familie now floating Winnipegward. Wj has been removed from nearly basements of the business block« fires areleing rekindled in tin naces. Basement floors are mvt swollen and practically ruined must be relaid, although all fouo tions are so thoroughly construe as to have escaped injury. Str lately submerged are t-trewn with tions of sidewalks thrown an^li across the thoroughfares. Piies cord wood, drift, the refuse of wii accumulation and stacks of flood bris ornament lawns and gard while numerous half-submergcdd" ings stand with open doors and dows, but not yet inviting their mer denizens to return to their« ed firesides. With the confins outpour of an immense volume flood water during the past wecki believed that the steady, though ual, decline :n the stage of the will continue and that the "Ra Red" will ere long resume its no and exemplary deportment. AT THK Al.TAK. Queer Conduct of a Bride and Grown Were to Be. McKeesport Times: Andrewhr and Mary Seidler, of Braddock, to have been married at noon a days ago at St. Michael's Oat Church. The building was with friends and relatives, ai.fi Rev. Raymond Weider stood at altar with the contracting and their attendants ready to the ceremony. Suddenly the assemblage startled to see the bride step ward and refuse to take part in ceremony, and while they yet dered the to-be-bride, without ing any explanation,, turned made her way alone to the base of the church, where, she took of wedding gown and veil and at herself in a street costume she provided. As she came out of basement smiling—it appeared triumphantly—and made down the steps to the street*8^ followed by Parker. He stopptf and informed her that be bad $1.50 for a marriage license, and that he not to get the beoe the license he proposed to ba^ $1.50. With a low courtesy Seidler pulled out her parse handed him a $5 gold piece, and him to take his $1.50 out Parker put the gold piece in pocket. Miss Seidler persist her demand for $3.50 change people begun to gather flr0' Parker, losing control of h'n struck the young woman in th and on the breast several tiw^ then hastily made his way t'1 the crowd and disappeared. It is supposed by many tbal Seidler did as she did for thee purpose of mortifying Parker, pair first met about fifteen ago, and have been engage about four months, John Wood, a Brooklyn fcrD dealer, who is the chief 1 ieuteo Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage, posed to be the financial piH*r tabernacle, has made a geoc, signmerit. His liabilities are and assets will, it is said, reach $50,000.