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MlLISANh S. D. W. W. Downiis, Eaitor and Fool' OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY, FRIDAY, MAY 4. 1894. About the only fiond the present con gress is doing is its makinsr the country solidly republican, but it is doing this at a fearful cost lo tho country. The city of St. Paul, which after fit teen years of democratic misgovernment last year threw overboard its democracy, this year again returned to its folly. "General" Coxej with his "army" of 400 reached Washington the first of the week, but his attempt Tuesdny to deliver liia harangue from the capitol steps, re sulted in ignominious failure, a wicked policeman hustling him off the grounds «nd arresting his lieutenant. Brown. Whether the thing can be done aa handily wljpn the Coxey reinforcements now heading toward Washington reach there, if they ever do, remains to be &eea. On a basis of 08,000,000 people which is the present estimate of our population by the treasury department, tlie amount saved per capita by the new tariff bill if it passed would be This gives a total of nearly §77,000,000, saved on the different schedules'as follows: Chemical* $ 1,000,()0) Pottery 1,900,000 (rhiss.. 1,500,000 Metals 12,500,000 Wood 300,000 Tobacco 3,300,(K)0 Agricultural products 3,300,000 Spirits, wines, etc 1,500,000 Cotton manufactures 3,450,000 Fiav, luMnp jute manufactures 6,000,000 Woolen manufactures 23.500,000 bilk manufactures 3,500,000 Paper and pulp 300,000 Sundries 2,450,000 Transferred to free list 32,170,000 Total S7G, 070,000 But take an illustration ot its workings Where we now import but Si,000 worth of cotton goods, and will, with a lower tariff, import to the extent of §2,000, there will be just $1,000 worth less manu factured in our own mills, and $800 less of this to be distributed in wages. This means that 400 meu earning $2 per day will be deprived ot their opportunity to earn. These 400 men are to receive a remission of 81.r2}£ in a year lrom the tariff taxes tliat they have been paying, yet, in a single day, tliev are to lose S2 in wages. This will be a great relief, no doubt. But there way be some workers and wago earners who would prefer to retain the $3 der day an.i pay tho $112J£ per annum. Eli Perkins in a recent visit to Nebras ka gives out some very suggestive points anent the sugar industry in this country and the loss of the bounty as contemplat ed in the Wilson bill. He found that many of the farmers who had made con tracts with the Oxnnrds and other manu facturers to mise large quantitiesof sugar beets were thrown out of their contracts because tlie manufacturers would be un able to pay the cost of raising, it the two *ent bounty wis stricken oil". In con versation with Henry J. Oxuard, the latter said: "Wo can make S30.0()0,000 worth of beet sugar annually in Nebraska and will lo it if the government will stand by us until we get started." Germany and France stood by their beet sugar industries for twenty years. It takes a vast amount of money to stait our sugar factories. Colossal machinery has to come from Belgium, and W6 have fo hire talent at big wages. Our firm lias spent millions of dollars and run great risk, and we (ire only just gettirg started We had to import German far mers and teach Americans hew to cult. vate beets. We have not made money. We have lost heavily, but with the boun ty mi wo expected to extond our workc and eventually realize something on our experiment. Laud is ten times us cheap in Nebraska as in Germany, and her tieets ar« 2 per cent, sweeter than Ger man betvts. but our American labor i* lour times as high a» German labor." "Of uouife, when we make our own sugar we will save this country 860,000, 900 a year. It is cheap enough for this Government to pay out $9,000,000 a year •or a few years to gain an industry which Will give to our laboring people §600.000, t&OOin len years. And then when we atice net the industry we will have our own cheap ttugar torever." Germany used to pay out $40,000,000 a y«»ar lor sugar. This troubled Bismnrk, »»d he tld King William that this «ugr ought to be made at Iioum. lie had the Reichstag pas* a law paying suirur rais a bounty. Gefinwiy U now not only making her o*rn $40,000,0001 worth of sugar, but she is sending $10, 000,000 to America, and the bounty is now reduced to 1 cent." "On to WaslainsHMi!"-Tl»c Even in Wisconsin. Coxey Army. Some weeks ago, when Gen. Coxev issued his first proclamation, from Mas sillon, 0.,'to those whom lie termed the "Commonweaiers" of the United States, he did not dream there would be such a a widespread effort to organize detach ments in all sections of the country. At present nineteen detachments are in process of organization or are moving upon Washington. Two of these de tachments have since been captured— one on the Northern Pacific and theother on the Union Pacific—by the United Stated army, and the contingents have been returned to Helena and to Port land, respectively. The ringleaders, who stole the two trains, are in prison, while the '•Commonwealers" are allowed to go where they ple«se. But the morale of the whole matter is not recognized by the present Democra tic Congress. In its extreme partisan ship, and its leather-headed stupidity, it does not seem to understand that it is either its non-action, or its attempted action to destroy every vestige of protec tion to American labor and therefore plenty of worK and good wages to every laboring man, that is the underlying cause of the Coxey movement. This movement is exciting the atten tion of the whole world, because what is now occurring is unprecedented in the history of the United States, inasmuch as it is the effort of a mob to extort legis lation favorable to itself. Heretofore legislation in the United States has been freer from popular tumult than in any other country in the world, and it is a source of regret, to thoughtful men that the first evolution of this kind has oc curred under a so-called democratic administration which less than any other should require to be influenced by popu lar disturbance. Slot Si'Cfswary. Minneapolis Tribune: It is not at all necegeary to read men out of the demo cratic party these days. Those who can read are getting out as rapidly as neces sary PREHISTORIC REMAINS. The Skeleton of Another Tall Man Recent ly Discovered Near 3Ieutone. Fresh discoveries of human remains, probably prehistoric, were found this week on the Italian frontier near Men tone. Two years ago the skeleton of a man more than 8 feet high was unearth ed at the same spot under the direction of an English archieologist. Workmen in a cave recently uncovered several slabs of stone which seemed to form a part of a dolmen. The earth contained many bones of animals, broken evi dently, for the extraction of the mar row, and there were indications of fire close by. Several small, pierced shells which once formed a cliaplet and a row of stag's teeth were near at hand. The skeleton of a man 0 feet 2 inches in height was lying on its back. The legs were crossed below tho knee. The right arm was extended and bent back ward toward the head. The hand was clinched. Tho lel't hand was placed under tho head. The same position has been frequently observed in early neo lithic burials. A fine crystal of carbon ate of lime beside the skeleton was prob ably a talisman. Further excavations in tho cavern revealed innumerable bones of animals, notably a fine verte brae of a mammoth. Still another find is a flint implement, which appears to be of paleolithic age.—Paris Letter. To Be Tried For Mailing Bible Quotations. A case of unusual interest in which the United States is prosecutor and An thony Beerpass is defendant will be tried soon in the United States court. Beerpass was violently enamored of Ce lia Grassby. In a fit of anger and jeal ousy the lover wrote Celia a very ob jectionable letter. The girl promptly turned the letter over to the proper au thorities, and Beerpass was nrrested for sending obscene matter through the mails. He acknowledged sending the letter, but claims he cannot be made to suffer for it, as every sentence in it is a quotation from the Bible, which he readily proved. The defendant says that, as the Bible is mailable matter, be had a perfect light to use the mails for transmitting a few quotations from it. —Trimble (Tenn.) Correspondent. Incidental Marriage. There was no fuss and flummery about the wedding of a Portland wom an last month. She had a job washing floors at the city hall, and one morning appeared with bei pails and mops as usual. Along in the forenoon she sur prised the janitor by announcing that she was going out for a few minutes to get married, and in just 45 minutes she was back, the ceremony all over, the nuptial kiss duly attended to, and re sumed her scrnbhing. She probably ap preciated the fact that sometimes it is easier to get husbands than employ ment.—Lewiston Joarafl* TARIFF PRINCIPLES, SOME 80UTKERN SENSE ON THE QUESTION NOW AT ISSUE. A Fair Argument Prospective The tariff question in its essence is a simple one. Some $450,000,000 of money is required for the expenditures of the national gov ernment. Of this about $150,000,000 ia raised by internal revenue taxes, leaving $800,000,000 to be raised by custom du ties. The tariff question is simply, "How shall the duties required to raise this sum be distributed:'" Tho Republican theory is that they shall be so laid as to give the best pro tection or aid to American labor aud American capital. Hence tho McKinley law laid heavy duties on articles which God has given us the natural facilities to make cheaply and in abundance and on articles of lux ury or vice, and low duties or none ou articles of necessity or of general use. and which we cannot produce, or of which we produce only a small part of our consumption. Hence, to illustrate, high duties ou iron, and free coffee, tea and sugar. The Democratic contention is that it is unconstitutional to lay any duty on im ports with a view to protection of home industries, and that all duties must be laid with a view to revenue only. Hence, to illustrate again, they would place such a duty ou iron as to induce the largest importation and bring the largest amount c.f revenue, and should tax coffee, tea and sugar. The Wilson bill follows neither theory, but is a bill without principle—a mon grel—seeking a seeming compliance with the Chicago platform ou one hund and to catch or save votes on the other. It is an un-American bill, and in all its departures from the McKinley bill it dis criminates against the American wago earner and in favor of tho foreign man ufacturer. The bar e proposal of its passage has been the prime factor in the terrible demor alization of business now prevailing throughout the country, and its passage will deepen and intensify the universal distress. The passage of the bill will in a large measure change the economic conditions of the country, destroy old and large in dustrial centers in the attempt to create new ones, disturb and render uncertain existing values and produce great and calamitous paralysis of business. It will be the entering wedge of a rad ical departure from the policy of en couragement to home manufactures, as old as the constitution and sanctioned by Washington. The great boon of protection to home manufactures is the giving them the home market—a market of 65,000,000 people, who consume more than any other 100,000,000 people on the globe. The proposal of the Wilson bill is to divide this market with foreigners. With a reduced output by our manufacturers comes increased cost of production, which can only be met by reduced wages to labor, and hence, as always, the burden falls on the backs of the wage earners of tho country. Then with reduced earn ings of the great body of the wage earn ers comes lessened purchasing power, and the injury is reflected on all classes of our people. day's The Upon tlie Present and i:fleets of the Wilson Tarr3 Measure—"The Thing to Do Is the Bill." to for a fair day's work" is a demand founded in reason and justice, and the consumer should pay for his goods a price that, under good natural conditions, will allow the laborer this just reward. God and labor only create wealth, and they work together and in harmony. Crod has given us an empire with a richness of natural resources unequal^d in the world's history, and with a human energy and skill to match. W hat these combined resources and skill can do is illustrated in the fact that pig iron has been selling this yearin Ala bama and Tennessee at less than the duty—$0.72 per ton—in flat contradiction to the Democratic claim that the duty is so much added to tho cost of the article to the consumer. Then, admitting virtue in the Wilson bill, we will get no benefit from it be cause of the lack of faith in the stability of the new policy which it begins for everybody will wait to see how the peo ple vote next fall. If, as is likely, the people vote next fall as they did last fall and return a protection congress, capital will again wait for a return to the prin ciple ot the McKinley law. So the conclusion is that the wise thin* to do is to defeat the Wilson bill and leave tho McKinley law to be amended by its tnends as circumstances may de- th^i6 VSlLUJm WAMIML Chattanooga. ChanBeg In the French language. o FrChh n(aaclny has S k uh following Defcat aanonneed ingCS have keen made in the French language. Among others is the uniform formation of the plural -e. g., inateriaux will become mate riel®, voix will be vois. The ph will give way to f, as in philosophic, mak ing it blosufie. These alterations, it Mid. are to go into into force iinmedi. ately.—Joornal of Education. named tn\ r, j* T2 'H 'T[\ l\ I? A be due and payable at tune of such dispoDil Call fltvl see the hor«es before breeding your mares, and see some nt For terms vtc,, call stable. HICES BUr&O K. J. IiH'KS, Real Estate, Farm Loansand Insurance. Taxes paid and property looked after lor non resi dents. Office in rear rooms of Bank of CLOSING WALL PAPE untet—jarw/y liom* will make tlie Beam® at the Whetstoai) Valley B:' viliiu? aud Livory St !. Seal!i.town. K limnis hitjh, v P*y Tlsin'dnllnh No. clioiii 1711 and 17 others w/ of 2:3i' mid 1 M'ttt'1% Dal1ah Boy trotted in Aberdeen last drawing 12th place and came in third 2:29 1-4. This horse will trot fast this ft 1) Dugliuw. ikun Black 15ess. dam of Idol, record by s-elf I lawk. This horse is re.gi.slcml lyulcr rules and s. All mares at, owners risk. All nmro« served by the above stallions, tr disposed o! before folding titne will i.e eonsideml in ton', and Work. Horses For Sale. 1. ih'lvideiv. l^'i, bv Beiinoiit t4. MH, full sistp i i y $ pii.P „f 0f H. BRRNNGN, PROP. T. II. IIH'KS, 31. VETERINARY For the next 30 clays we will offer every thing in our mammoth stock of wall tater at greatly reduced prices This sale is not limited to closing odds and ends, but includes the finest new combina tions as well as the cheaper grades. A little money will paper your rooms this spring if you call be fore all the choice bar gains are taken. Window Shades 12 1-2 c, to 35c. ELLIOTS. Headquarters ir"or Hardware, Lumber and Farm Machia GASOLINE and COAL COOKING HEATING STOVES. Hirfiest grade of FARM TOOLS of nil kind* oelebr«t«l au£ and Sulky Plows. SUkG Will be pleased and attend calls day at reasonable rates. Milbank builcliii.. DEERE, J. I. CASE, and W0 The famous JOHN DEERE Walking Plottf. UME f'V.MENT BRICK., uU.