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WHAT A DEMOCRATIC CON GRESSMAN THINKS OF THE ACTION OF KIS PARTY ON E TARIFF QUESTION. Tlie Tarty Muddle 1* ComplPt^-The out of thu NecKM:iri(«i of l.il*-F»cti About JSt.ite luxes—The Sheep Ques tion and tli® Farmers -Who M»ve Bio Shfip Moiuo Strong: I'wlnti in Short paj ayr.i A Iftrifle DiiilcmnDtlon. When the Democratic lipase had final ly decided to sunvi:.ji to the su^ar trust and thereby ueci'pi the Gorman bill or "perfidy and dishonor," ex-J^peaker HIM d. "towering iu ngiileoas wrmii above I be Cowed and se.t-disxra red Democracy, thundered forth, 'out ol owu inoutus has your eondomnati'ii ••nine," he uttered a truth which added heawiy tu the siuuiie and humiliation of the mo.-.t shameful oc casion the Democratie par!} has known siuce it passed the fugitive slave law. But it was reserved fur a Democratic member of Congress, one iu tfood stand ing, to hurl sea thin# denunciation more burning it' that be possible, than any yet uttered by any itopuoiican, at Use cor rupt and detestable measure ailed the re form tariff law. Tom I'. Johnson, repre senting one of the Cleveland districts in Congress, became so thoroughly outraged in his feelings because of the hypocrisy, falsehood, cowardice aud trickery of his party iu Congress, that he made a speech on the subject, which he caused to^ be printed in perniauent form in the Con gressional Iteeord. Here is a portion of the speech which makes very entertaiung reading: "Every man. woman and child uses sugar. It is one of the prime necessaries of life. And there is not a housewife in the land who will not feel that she is roblwHi by our 'Democratic tariff re form* when she finds that where she got three pounds of sugar under the .Me Kinley biil she now, under the Gonnan bill, for the same money, gets but two. You and J, with our otticial incomes of ijsiooo a year, may not fee! this ta\ Mr. Cleveland, with his official income of Sfio.ooo a year, may not feel it our col leagues of the Senate, especially those who may liuve bought sugar trust stock at the right time, may not feel it but the great mass of the people by whose voles we are here—the great mass of the people who must count every penny of incomes not sufficient to enable thein to live in half way decent comfort, they will feel it they will feel it at once and feel it bit terly. "And when thcv ask you what this tax js for what will you tell them? Will you quote to them Mr. Cleveland's letter to Air. Wilson on the propriety of taxing su gar? Will you quote to them Mr. Carlisle's statement that the needs of the treasury require the taxation of sugar? know, and you know, and the people kuow—I was about to say that every dog that barks in the streets of the capital knows —that the real purpose of imposing this tax is not to give revenue to the govern ment, but revenue to the boodlers. You Cannot disguise it from the people, for the people know it already, that the purpose of this sugar tax is to put millions and millions into the pockets of men who are already millionaires by robbing the people. They kuow that this tax on sugar has been bought through every step of its way—carried by such open, undisguised corruption as has never been Haunted to their faces before tlmy know that the •ugar trust has purchased this privilege Of taxing theui, and that though the price It may have paid may be millions, it will foccive back millions and millions before the treasury gets a cent. "Political decency, no less than political S•ora rudenee, ought to prevent Democrats trying it under the open charges that this Inmiis to the sugar trust a! the ex pense of the people is iu payment of heavy contributions made from the funds of the Stigar trust to the Democratic national Committee in the last presidential cam paign. And the attitude of Mr. Cleveland oil the sugar tax, the attitude of Mr. Car lisle, the attitude of our own ways and means committee in reporting a tax on SQgar, which we free trade Democrats only beat in this House by the aid ofkthe Republicans, give a color to the charge, which the action now proposed will carry 111 the public mind to certainty, that is the way in which the Democratic party is paying the monster trust for election help. "If we make this surrender we must go back to our constituents with the Gorman bill as the approved and indorsed Demo cratic bill—the answer which the Demo cratic party makes to the demands of the people a bill reek'ng with notorious bar gain and sale a bill that the Republicans jeer at. that the Democratic press has uni versally denounced u bill that the Presi dent himself has declared an exhibition of perfidy and dishonor a bill that cannot possibly be defended, and that as cer tainly as election day comes in Novem ber. will be indignantly repudiated by the people. Til* Party Mmlil ia omptnK The Atlanta Constitution, one of the l&Ost widely read Democratic papers iu the South, does not feel very much en couraged over the outlook for the Demo cratic congressional ticket this fall. After saying that the action of the President was unfortunate and unwise, the Consti tution says: Partv muddle is now complete. he organization is now on the thres hold of a campaign big with results, and it is compelled to assume responsibility for a measure which its chosen leader and chief has denounced as perfidious and to which he has refused to affix his signature. Was ever a party placed in such position before? Every Democrat in Congress who voted for the bill has been slapped in the face and every Democratic candidate in the country has had his chances of re-election sadly impaired by the refusal of Mr. Cleveland to sign the tariff bill. Nor is this all. The party's majority in Congress is seriously threat ened, for it seems impossible that the congressional candidates of the party can make a successful campaign by going be fore the people and assuming responsibil ity for a measure which the party's com mander-in-chief has distinctly repudiated and denounced, and which he has re fused to touch with his hand." The o»t «f thu Ni ceBd iriea of Ltf«. In commenting upon the boast of the Democrats that they have reduced the duties on many articles for the benefit of the workingman and the farmers, the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette makes this striking and interesting exhibit: "In looking ov"*7 the new tariff bill the reductions made and the imports for the fiscal year ending June 30, IS}),'5, we have evolved a table which shows how the Democrats have reduced duties, and. ac cording to their theory, lowered prices for the benefit of the fanner, the artisan 00$, Hfr I/Mm Wm mi and the workingman generally, and we want every farmer and workingman who reads the Commercial Gazette to cut this table out and keep it for reference dur ing the campaign. It may be valuable when listening to some speaker telling what the party has done: Fact* About •*»». botue weeks ago the Milwaukee organ of the Democracy published the official order of the state tax commissioners, re lating to the state tux, to be levied this year, with fulsome eulogies and extrava gant laudations of the preseut adminis tration for economy, etc. The official document, with its accom panying screed, is now being circulated over the state as a campaign document, iu packages of three, four or more, stamped in red ink, "Kindly hand these to your neighbors." "Faith iu public office:" "Three quarters of a million dollars for the tax payers of Wisconsin this year in reduc tion of taxes," iu big head lines, opens the wonderful revelation that follows. What are the facts'.' The state tax in 1800, Republican year, was $vH01,UiO. For the three following years of Demo cratic times the state taxes have aggre gated $o,020,:2i.ir, or an average of vi,hS,773.3N per year, or $1 l7,L15.:ts an re per year than under the last year of Republican rule. Estimates made by politicians just be fore election are very unreliable, and little dependence can be placed upon them as regards their accuracy. The tax commissioners report that there is in the and but little will be received hereafter, viz.: the interest from banks of deposit. The taxpayers of the slate will not be deceived by the plausible insinuations or bombastic exaggerations of the Milwau kee organ, nor will they soon forget the damning history of the attempted roster robber/. Fuder the several Republican admin istrations there was no stealing nor job bery. In this regard their records stand unimpeached and unquestioned. The people, or a majority, may be de ceived once. Deception and false promises allured them two years ago, but they have come to know what party can best be trusted, and in November will register their em phatic protest against the bogus Dejnoc racy as well as bossism aud jobbery.— Madison Journal ABRAHAM LtNCOLNS first spcech on the tariff question was short and to the point Ht he did riot pretend to be learned in political economy, but he thought thai he knew enough to know that **ivhen American paid twenty dollar- steel to an Ene!i«b manufac- to an duction Imports Articles. 1SI)X Paintings and stat uary $2».S0G,7W Deeorat'd chin aw re 6,y 5S,OOl Ostrich feathers and flowers...... Plate ami cut glass Jewelry Kid gloves Ltuvs aud embroid eries Silk dress poods. plushes, velvets. etc i :.47r.,L*xj y.Tiio.tiiVi 20 "Now look at this table, our farmer fr«end. That fine painting you imported from the Academy iu London last year, that cost you $1000, can now be bought for $800. And you artisan, that Parian tnprble statue of yours, a copy of the Venus of Milo, will be 20 per cent, cheap er if you want to buy a duplicate, while your daughter can buy ostrich feathers lo per cent, cheaper, and when she wants another pair of kid doves they will be 22 per cent, less than you paid for the last pair under 'the odious Republican laws which taxed the necessaries of life.' "If your cut-glass dinner set has been broken by the carelessness of the servant you can buy another set for $21 less than you paid for that $100 set. If the mag nificent plate glass has been broken out of the window in your palatial mansion the price has been reduced by your Dem ocratic friends 21 per cent. "Your wives and daughters can now buy old laces which used to cost $VOO a yard for only $00 a yard. Io you recog nize what a boon is this given you by a Democratic Congress? Imported velvets, too, that did cost $10 a yard, now only cost $8 a yard, so that the next imported velvet dress your wife buys will cost $120 instead of $lf»0. There is $30 saved to you in one single article! "How happy the farmers, the artisans, the workingmen will be, and ought to be when they read over this list and see how much they are saved in their pur chases 'these necessaries of life,' be cause the Democrats, the friends of the workingmen and the farmers have had opportunity to revise the odious, the in famous Kepublicun tariff laws!" 5+IU.«."7 2,mtS7 1,610,101 l.Ooo.ooo 6'." K'.'j 400. uoo twenty dollars. ngland had the when he patd for steel to the tariff question as he viewed it LINCOLN AND THE TARIFF Re lr ct. L*0 lilii.OtJT 7tUNJ0 87,000 4,873,203 1.637.890 40 eep 1 Ill yf" 1 rTOM? thc steel and Amenta ha IP twenty dol- n American manufacturer, Amcii had both steel and the twenty dollars $/*! That was the sum and substance of '-"Y The Slieep QuPKtiou and Farmers Who Have '0 Sheep. According to the latest statistics there are some 4f,0Olsheep in the United States. The amount of woo! annually consumed in this country will reach at least 100,000,000 pounds. It is estimated that it would require over 100.000,000 sheep to supply the home demand for wool: and then the American Economist i Mission asks the important question "How does this question affect the fanners who hav® 110 sheep V" It answers the question it* self: "Every pound of wool imported is equivalent to an import of the grass, hav, corn, oats and other feed that make wool. Thus, when wool is imported, these farm products are in effect import ed. to come in competition with the simi lar products of American farmers and thus reduce the price and impair the ability to patronize mechanics, mer chants, gro^rs schools, colleges or churches. _"We need an addition to our flocks of 03.000,000 sheep. With an adequate pro* teetive tariff for wool we will soon have this- increase, which would muke an addi tional detnaud for at least 40.000,000 bushels of corn, or an equivalent in corn and oats for stock sheep, and for lo.ooo, 000 additional mutton sheep probably about 30.000,OIK) bushels more feed would be required. It would make an increased demand for pasturage, and thus utilize lands now unemployed. It would also in crease the demand for hav. oats, etc "John Ueimers, an intelligent German Island. !\eb.. who has a ran eh of 4000 acres, has stated that large num bers of sheep were pastured in Wyoming and then driven into Nebraska to be win tered on hay, fodder aud corn raised there, and that the sheep owners of Wy oming shipped into that state large quan tities of corn from other states for win ter feed for sheep, especially for those to be sold for mutton. "Thus the farmers who own no sheen are deeply interested in sheep husbandry tree wool will substantial! v destroy sheep husbandry and the market it makes for farm products. Ami yet John Re fin" a t! ers is a free-wool I)emo "The total annual exports'of corn from io?M.u.b(,10 .United States, from 1870 to IbSO inclusive, were only 5t.7Si .8t»4 bush els, or per cent, of all produced. Ohio produced about one-twentieth of the corn crop, so that its protMrtion of the annual export was 1.,*58.443 bushels while the needed increase of sheep will muke increased demand for nearlv tire times the export market, aud then the foreign market will still be open to Ohio hiivsidus. "The food supply has increased more rapidly than our population. In a period ot thirty-nine years, ending 1S80 the population in the United States lias m- Vl" 4. o mien nut res nas creased !,. per cent., con, has increased per cent., wheat ".SO per cent., oati o a s I-ill per cent., swme 00 per cent, and cotton seed oil is just recently made an article of tood like bud. The necessity for increasing our home market for corn and oats is pressing. The importation ot wool diminishes the home market- an increase of our docks enlarges it. Our policy is, import no wool, produce all needed and enlarge the farmers' market." IU! Co.ntH ill -liort l':irH ri|(li». The increase in the public debt between January 1. ISO.'?, and August 1,1804 waa $80,000,000. So much for the fear of free trade and its relief of the burden of taxation from the plain people. SOUTH DAKOTA lNKVYS, CLEANED FROM LATEST ASSOCIATED FISKSS TfcLKtJRA M.S. Wheat Fed to Hog* Soils for 1.46-Tlie The great pacing race between the famous teams. Perfidy and Dishonor, and Cleveland and Reform, will end in an easy victory for the form'r. The other tm ,—rv 10 resi team will be lucky if it avoids being dis- JiatK-^ tanccd. M^atly benefitted by this outimr Immediate advances in the retail price of The state W IT sugar will_ do more to remind the plain *1 convention re honor and's Thistle Ouentlon- N» Water In Ui« Sioux --State and County Tu\ Ledcs-Ctlier In teresting State Nt'wi* Items. Th-' proposition to bridsre the Missouri at lanl.toii is assuming tfinable shape. It is reported 011 good authority that thousands of Iowa mid Nebraska horses will be wintered in South Dakota. The fid! term of Yankton college corn meiuvd 011 fl ii in*t.. with the larg st enrollment in the history of the I school. I A tram r.v. ::1iy had both legs cut off at A'penu by Milwaukee freight, lie wus trying to botrd u running train. At MiU-ank a ft w days ngo ex-Sheriff I?..I. r.euedict was seriously hurl in a runaway, receiving a bud tincture of the hip bone. Joe Morav&k, a section foreman at Provo, accidentl.v shot himself a few miles below Kdgemout, and his recovery I is doubtl'ui. Mark D. Scott, proprietor of the I Sioux Frills Journal, was sued a fow i days ago br C. A. Christophersou. a lawyer, for $3,000 for criminal libel. i The governor has appointed Samj'sou Jeffries, 01 Lead City, vice president of the Miners* Union, inspector of mines to 811 the unexpired term of W. S. O'Brien, resigned. Aeontr i for furnishing the state penitentiary with coal has been award ed to J. W. Sheridan & Co., of Sioux Falls. Tlie contract calls for about 1, 000 tons. The supreme court is affirmed Active work ha» been coninieuced on the waterworks olan atCeuterville. TI10 piaut consists of stand pipe, 112 f-et high and 12 feet in diameter, a -10-horse power holder and N-ineh mains. The bonds are soid to a Sioux City lirm. I At Webster a few days ago fire de. droved the iivery barn of C. Ba«h Kiuht horses burned, at.d the harnesses aud carriages are a totnl lo»s. The in durance is $1,000 aud the loss twice 1 that. The state equal suffrage conveution at i Aberdeen a few days ago elected Mrs., Simmons, president Mrs. M. A. Gross beck, ot Watertown, vice president Sire, i Kate Falger, of Watertown, secretary Mrs. E. J. Beach, of firitton, treasurer, Eight youne lady contestants appear- i ed in elocutionary combat at Aberdeen a few days ago for a Demorest gold medal, Miss Hannah McDonald, of Highmore, received first, positioa Miss Theresa of Willow Lake, second, and Stock Miss Maud Springs, third. Bancroft, of Wessington Officials of the Milwaukee Railway Company at Chamberlain notified par ties that two train loads of range cattle i shipped to Chicago trotn that point as tests mode the run to the l:niori Slock 1 urus in a trifio over HO hours. A not h*»r train load has been shipped by White River Stockmen. Exteusive shipments will be made short!v. E. 0. Roberts, of Washington, inspec tor of government building-., has been in ^ioux 1*alls looking up a remonstrance sent in to the department against the service of Daniel S. Gidden, as boss car penter 1or the public building. The charge is that Gidden is neither a con tractor nor a carpenter, and is not qualified to do the work. The county seat fight in Hamlin coon ty which has been pending before the su preme court for nearly two years, has finally been sej tied by a decisiou sustain ing the lower courts. By this decision Usthnvood continues as the county seat of rintn in county, and Bryant people will continue to drive .'12 miles across the prairie to pay their taxes. Senator John Sbermun, Gen. Nelson A. Miles and wife and sou, and Dr. Duly and brother dre spending a few days at Hot Springs enjoying the bracing air and taking baths. The party has been huut mg prairiechickens in Northern Nebraska withgn-at success and have come to rest cf1tl-v ,n iKllnl 0 fol,cnvs: jrgotten. traomer, Aberdeen vice nre*irh...f u ens.is re urns recently compiled show! Mina R. Simmon* Huron e that nearly hall of all the families in this secretary country own their homes, and that more million r! than 1O per cent, ot these homes are un- T, incumbered. If the free trade dreamer* iart Sk know of an anti-tariff nation eapabie of Eugene Steere, J'ie^-e! making a more striking showinc than I fpu ct that they cannot name it too soon. „. a« lbe When the Republican party, in the Sioux F'alls a private luiui.it 1 r\ hour of the nation's need, devised the in- I tors h1 liOHpital. Qanr. tcrnal revenue system, the mossbaek hdyebeeu secured in theSeney house IVuiocrats howltni themselves hourse in denouncing jt "the infernal revenue tax: today, when the system is neither desirable nor necessary, those same zeal ous patriots are rejoicing in extending it by converting it into a cumbersome ma chine to collect taxes on incomes The Democracy .which is already thirl v-tive ears behind the tkuty, ii atiU marching resolutely backward. altl has beeI at Aberdeen, re-elected °p 9 withoufc opposition, resident, Mrs. Emmft A UWr' the bospUalb.gmsnitU lou? The Sionx Palls baseball up a claim to the chnmr,}0IU"H* state. The club has this season and tU(.t d(lf' times, and only once *t th! il South Dakota, club. Tlit i '4* Neb., club debated Si0Uv iv"'' James. Mimi n„, Hi idgewater, S. I)., elUh ot Sioux City, iu the box, one A few days ago a blind piRt. was raided by drunken panic building and contents almost d-tnolished. Tins was don daylight. A. day or two aft saloon was raided, but the w more cautious and wore not thea'l, consequently no arr~ ed. Those engaired in thofir/-' promised with the ow-„.r 01't| Owen A. Wheelock, a far near Oneida. Sully county, W£u1 shot aud instantly killed a feu while packing his lioawhi/l preparatory to removing to W A loaded ritle WHS imngiiii in which by some means iH| r.nd ,, charged, the ball entered lug he never spoke again. Whwlo son-in-law of George \V. Evi editor of the Oneida Journal. A Dusty Kiver.Bed, Th" Sionx river, which rnn., Sioux. Kallw, has always bwu t, able stream, but it is now aim ble. Above the waterworks th is absolutely dry and even iu-tv. can walk over the river bed in a lilace above the water works a bis feet wet. John McClelland, v lived ia Sioux Falls for 40 y* such a condition was never Y fore. At the water works th pipes run a stream of water J.' inches iu diameter constantly river. This luruisbes ahoutall the river has iu it where it runt the city. All the ponds, riv small luk"s in the county ur dry. 'J lie total precipit.uiou s 1j»m oniy beeu 0.0 incheH, in prayer and professional raiu ra.e the sentence 01 the lower court murder case of the slate vs. Robert Hicks and Jay ilicks. Robert is sentenced to hie 1111 prisonieut, and Jay to be hanged. Large numbers of full and half blood Indian boys and girls are being received 1 at the Immaculate Conception Indian 1 school, located twenty niilea i south of Miller on the reservation. Tai I.evifS. Auditor Hippie is makiug i state and county tax levies counties of the state. Most have reported, but there isdela. Several counties show a 'ev.v ol 1 per cent, while others go mac Lawrence is th" highest, with u nearly 4 per cent,. The list, so .. turned, is: Aurora. 1! -'i, B*M P.OII Homme. 0 lirookiug,''. 10. 12 Brule, 14: U». l, Campbell, 19.3 lierlew Mix, 1'.' n 12 Clay 14: Codington. 1 J. "uf a v 1 2 4 I e U 1 I 1 Kdiiiii'ads, I l.S: Faulk, 14 I:»| Hamlin, l'J. Hughes, H. Jerauld lo 11: l.awrei Lincoln, 11: Marshall. l'J: Mi 12: Meade. 20, Miner. 12.*. Mi 11.7 Moody. 0: Fenianf, Roberts, 14. Spink. O.t'. .^tai Turner, Vnorganiz-'d from (i to 8 mills. Four nulls l«vy iu Spink county is for ram experiments. Feeding Wheat to Uogi. Experiments in leedimr wheat to to are now continuously beiug South Dakota. One farmer took up the matter with the result: He had a litter ofeigbt ii», April 23—half Chester White n:,i '^i Poland China. They were bran aud slop with their mother six weeks old, when they were wean, und weighed, averaging aider themselves a Mr8' D,° iii«.~ p?°K!rvJ? treasurer Snmrt, Skl1)Xl!flHKr"'-'riJ*0r'' u lion sheep iu South Mrs acanuiuavians recently opened at that they have such tbirt'V'!tfli' pounds. He then began ieeding soaked ia water until it became At first beted three quarts a day »t three feeds, increasing until lie twelve quarts a day. Heeo»tiDiM V' until August 2o. when thev were ed and six of them sold, the lot averaging ninety pounds, au train of "20 [»ounds on nineteen m' half bushels of wheat. That is nineteen and one-half bushels oi 1 produced r.20 pounds ol live were worth ia tlieSt. Paulnuirke tive and one hal -ents per poii» the agg.-gate ^2S.«0, equal to|l^P bushel lor the wheat. The Russian Thistle. There is no denying tie' tact that Russian thistle, the greatest ofal P™ is getting the start ot the farmprt, towus p»*ople too, of South I)ukota.__ where you will, especially in tbenor part of the state, they can be «tpn wind is sufficiently a the road sides, railway rights o farm fences, and in fact whole fle parently giv«»n up to thein. 0 and towns the struts in uniny Pa lined with them. Every day w strong they seen bounding over the l,r'l'ne8Jjjrfl.tioii. ing millions of seeds in »'yer.y U^B Every man, woman and childM a committee ,pnftg destroy the plant wherever or found. It will not do to dep sh"ep to eat and destroy them. n0( Dakota .. keep thein from rapidly n0»' extenf ^r„. a8 "lv„jpeni' n e n a n n o e a i a e e i ing millions of dollars. bV cai*111' terminated at all it must be D. and systematic eultiviitio'i oi by united efforts of citizens r0,ert.r a!,'-.' niufl owners iu cities and towns, j|j pre be fenced iustich a manner as vent them from being b-j to*" from adjacent vacant land?', authoriiies and raiiroadcouip" be compelled to keep roa1d from hem. United and eon*'* must be made at once or the capture state. 1)fe ffil!