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MILBANK S. D. W. W. DOWNII:. ivut(»r ami Pool' OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY, Kill DAY. DEC. at. !«IU. The new railroad mileage of this year less than that for the post thirty, ex cept lH7r, 180(5 and 1865. The total was 1,919 miles. Thirteen stutes built none at all—bouth Dakota among them. While digging a well for Warren Mal lory ai the loot ot the bills northeast cf town, ani when thirty-live left down, Charlie Wetmur dug onto a tree trunk in good stale of preservation. It is evident ly some scfc wood, but just what is hard to determine. The tree was us large aa -a man's body.- Summit Signal. J. D. Saiuil of Blooming Valley, has communication a late issue of the Summit Signal, advocating united action of all the settlers on the Sisseton reser vation looking to a reduction iB the price of the land to $1.25 p**r acre. He presents the facts in a very strong light, showing that the crop failures will make it impossible tor many of these settlers to p»y for their farms when the lime for payment comen. The proceeds of these lands we uudeistand are to be set apart for the support of the Indians, at just how the powers at Washington may look ut the matter is a question, hut that re lief in aome form, either in the matter of time or in n reduction in the price of the land, shwuld he extended the settlers would be a simple matter of justice there can be no doubt. Much of the land is not today worth the price which the •.government has placed upon it, to say nothing of the hardships and discom forts which the settlers have endured and which are an incident to the open ing up of a new country. A rigid en forcement ot the contracts will defeat one of the main purposes of the law opening the iand for settlement, which •vas secure permanent homesteaders •upon the iand. Redfkdd correspondent ot the Sioux Falls PreBH, speaking of the large num ber ot contests instituted by candidates nt the late election under the Australian ballot laws, says: These contents are based ou various grounds, but ihe most important point, on the whole, at issue, is in regard to the •count ot a vote under th* new law. Much controversy aii^es on the count of a vote where the straight ticket has been crossed at the top and a cross has been put opposite a name on some other 4-icket. At the last election different boards •decided the point differentlv, and hence much conlusiou and probably a dozen contests will result. Tue law is specific and stys that to vote outside of :he straight ticket, alter the straight ticket has been crossed, the voter must cross the naiMe rn the opposition ticket and erase the name on the straight ticket. The two points are equally required un der the statute, and it lo cross, the ex ception is all essential it is held that the other proviso must also he complied with. Against this is argued the section •that says the couut shall be governed by the apparent intent ot the voter. It will hardly do to decide that making a •cross opposite a single candidate but failure to erase other candidate, voter has voted two for the samo office, and hence the vote should be void and count ed for neither, because this would pre mise that a cross without an erasure constituted a vote, which, under the statute, is not true, then only one is voted for, and hence should be coufiled for that one. While under the old system the gen •eral trend of court decisions have be#»n lenient and in behalf of the voter, it would seem that under a special law, enacted lo shut out frauds, the decision should be a very strict application of ihe law, so that errors may be remedied and the law made so perfect as t«» accomplish its purpose of puritying the ballot. Re publicans and fusionists are alike con testing, and hence no politics is affected by what may be Ihe final interpretation of the law. The sta'e genet ally will be benefited if some one of these cases shall reach a supreme court decision. Uenult ola llfcwiiiit.' HURON. S. 1)., Dec. 25.-By a re count ordered by the court in the Fd munds county election contests, La Claire, Republican, is elected state's attorney bv ti majority of 7 voles ovc Wells.fusionist. Parmley, Republican, Is also elected county judge over Ilealev, Populist, by a majority ot 5. The court held that where a cross (x) was made «t the top of the ballot, it indicated that 1 the candidates on such ballot wh'MS,* •names were not erased are etititktal to !4iave the vote counted for them. School iind Public Lnndt. Pierre, S. D., Dec. 21.—The biennial report of the commissioner of schools and public lands is ot far greater import to the resident of the state than the re ports of other officers tor Ihe reason that it deals in facts and figures which will in the near future largely control the ex pence ot educational institutions of the statei the greater part ot which is at present attached to the public schools. While the sia'ue school fnnd is yet a long way below the mark of making the schools self supporting, considering the short time which has elapsed since any move could be made toward securing the benefits of the public lands, a re markable showing has been made. The total area of public schoo! lands ot the state is 2,821,348 acres. Of this im n onse acreage none may be disposed of lor less than 810 per acre. While this is the minimum the stite has disposed of 141,000 acres at an average price ot $1-4 per acre, an th*» same average price for all the school lands will give ihe state a permanent school fund of about $40,000, 000 whi-h cannot be inve^teu at less than 7 par cent. While the office has been in existence but a few years the amount of permanent school fund now on hand is in round numbers 82,011,000, an-1 as the school population is 105,115, the interest on the sum now on hand is a boutS1.35per capita per annum. The receipts of the oilice for ihe past year have been: From lenses of school lands $52,128 From interest on deferred pay ments 156,995 Prom ink-rest on loans of perma nent fund 43,712 From principal payment on school lands sold 199,717 From lease of endowment lands.. 610 Total 453,162 Besides the school lands the govern ment granted the s'ate at the time cf ad mission 653,000 acres of endowment lands for the various educational and charit able institutions ot the state, ail of which have been selected but about 40,000 acres and part of which have been patented. The amount ot school and endowment lands already patented to the state is 114,092 acres, a greater amount than has beon patented to five other states admit ted at. the same lime with South Dakota and a greater amount than has b«-eu pat ented to Arkansas. In connection with this the manner of disbursing ihe school fund will be of interest. The fund is ap portioned among the various counties upon a basis of the voting population and the county commissioners are made loaning agents, the county beius heid responsible lor any loss. The interest is returned to the state commissioner and is apportioned among the various counties upon a basis of the school popu lation of the ccuntv. STATE Al'DITOft S REPORT. Madison Lead^t—The Daily Leader is in receipt ot State Auditor Hippie's bi-ennial report for the years 1892 and '9-5. It is the largest and most complete report ever issued from that office. It is a valuable document for the student of South Dakota finances. An excellent feature and improvement on former re ports is the little matter of placing at the head of the disbursements of each fund the amount of the appropriation for that fund. This has been a much felt want in former editions of tins report. The statements of warrants drawn for the two fiscal years, the abstracts of assessments of the two years, the reports of the in surance departments and the auditor's personal recommendations for the benefit of the next legislature are all concise complete and systematic. The Auditor recommends a consolidation of many of the minor fuuds, which would simplify and cheapen the cost of keeping accounts as well as publish ing, also that a time should be fixed after which no warrants should be issued against anv appropriation and that every law appropriating money should provide how vouchers should bo approved and uot make it obligatory upon the auditor to pass upon them. The auditor reviews at considerable length the subject of Assessment and equalization, showing its weakness and shortcomings. Since the leginning of statehood the treasury has fallen behind regularly evo-y fiscal year i:i which the legis'aiure has met about HI even $100,(JOO, MORE as a result of shrinkage in assessments by not complying with the provisions of law and the habit of county commis sioners in remitting taxes. lie calls the attention of the coming legislature to tiiis biennially recurring dellii ncy and the necessity of devising some way aod moans t-» obviate it He says three methods suggest themselves first cut ting down appropriations to meet re ceipts g'-cond. by raising the valuation of property sufficient to make the two mill levy and other sources ot state in me, meet iis demands Jthird, by amending the constitution so as to permit ot a higher rab ot levy, av three mills He I instead of two, "e piesent limi further recommends the abolition of the school poll t«x as being an unequally imposed and collected tax. The piovis ion of the law for collecting per.-onal property taxes fire also radically delect ive and should be changed, lb© low rate of interest charged on delinquent taxes ope ates against their collection and the mode of the assessments and collection of taxes in the unorganized counties of the state is an entire failure. Yet, in view of all these discouraging features the following paragraph from the auditor's report shows vividly tlui' the sta'e is not in very bad financial con dition alter all "The amount of funding warrants out standing Juue 30, 181)4, was $220,000. If the hal-inoe of $40 594.90 in h»nd in the deficiency fund and the balance ol $184,880.70 in th* general fund h*d heen used to pay the outstandins: warrants, there would have be»'u left a habince "t: hand with which to began the fiscal year of 1894, 511,4:30. This it is believed makes very favorable showing for the fiscal transactions of the state tor the las i two years." THE PRICE OF COTTON. How It SM llet'ii AfJVctpil by the Major ities la the In 1872, when Grant v elected pres ident, the house stood democrats to 203 Republicans. The rce of cotton advanced to 27 cents in New York. In 1874 the house changed 88 Dem ocrats to 181 Democrats, making a Democratic house. Cotton declined to 18T8 cents. In 187G the house stood 156 Demo crats to 137 Republicans. A Democratic house, and cotton declined to 18 cents. In 1878 the house stood 150 Demo crats to 128 Republicans. A Democratic house, and cotton declined to 12 3-10 cents. In 1880 Garfield was elected. The house stood 152 Republicans to liiO Democrats, changing to a Republican majority, and cotton advanced to 13 cents. In 1883 the house stood 200 Demo crats to 119 Republicans. Cotton de clined to 12 cents. In 1884 Cleveland was elected. The house stood 184 Democrats to 140 Re publicans. A Democratic houso, and cotton declined to 11 *2 cents. In 1886 the house stood 170 Demo crats to 151 Republicans. A Democratic house, and cotton went to 9 9-16 cents. Cleveland boom prices. In 1888 Harrison was elected. The house stood 150 Democrats to 173 Re publicans. A Republican house, and cotton advanced to 11 cents. In 1890 the house stood 235 Demo crats to 88 Republicans. The price w nt to (i% cents. These prices are quoted from Alfred B. Stephenson, Cotton Ex change, New York, and aro New York prices. Cotton sold before the war, under ab solute Democratic rule, as low as S'.j cents per pound.—Stephen N. Noble in American Economist. lower English Wagoi, Lower wages have been forced upon the wage earners of Great Britain re cently in the case of between 2,000 and 8,000 employees in an iron and coal company, whoso earnings have been cut down 10 per cent. The reductions made in our tariff not being so largo as the British manufacturers had expected, they evidently intend to take the differ ence out of the pay of their workers, for we find that the Welsh tin plate manufacturers "foresee a probable ne cessity for cutting wages in order to meet the competition of the American works, and in this case, if thero is, the tin plato workers ought to be reasonable and consent to bear their share of the burden." Under the McKinley tariff many ol the Welsh tin plate factories were compelled to close entirely, but the Gorman bill has enabled them to start up, and "the Welsh workers aro having a little boom after their long spell of inaction." They fear, however, that their "little boom" may not last, so they are preparing their poorly paid workers "to bear their share of the bur don" by accepting still lower wages, which, if accepted, must of course mean lower wages for the workers in our tin plato factories if we are to continue to supply our homo market with American tin plate. Holmes on Domestic Economy. The laughable and the pathetic are n i sorn ti ,R:S strangely mingled in little I o*hiI tions of domestic economy—a plate of apples, for instance, with the defective parts cut out for the children n small basket of homemade ginger bread, with one or two pieces of pound cake carefully disposed on tbo surface so as io appear to the best advantage.— "Autocrat of the Breakfast Table." Happened In rtailps. The grinning imps were packing sin ners into the oven with a thing like a hay press. And the sinners groaned, all but one good natured looking man. "Do you know," said the good natur ed man at last, "this is rather nice. Re minds tne of when I lived in dear old Brooklyn and crossed thp bridge at rtwh hours."—New York Recorder. 1 Why not get something use ful for your friend*. 1 have a larjce and varied assort ment of SLI^PEaR. S* some of them particularly fine, and a pair of tliem would make a useful and muvh ALLEN, LABSON k CO., Pr Good rigs at reasonable rates. Omaha "prietors of Milbank Livery, Feed and Traitiin? Stables. JBfeaT Special attention given to the traveling public. Corner »1 St. and U O J) GROCER 1 E S ON Tin' largest, brightest, mid b^t Newspaper published in Uk The Beejor 1835 will be a beiier papsr than ij sS: Special Features aIh *LTbe' a® IX MAKING YOUR Special subjects for Women. Special subjects for Children Special subjects for the Farm and the Farmer One or more good stories each week for ever'fk in the family. Reliable market reports. Together with the News from aff over the WQFH And all for less than any other Weekly pa^, the country. Semi 65 cent tnonev order, express order or bank draft for a subscription. If you send siUer ot currency, register it or you s-n \our own risk. Andre.-.- OPUMS to .... THE BEE PUBLISHING CO. Omaha, N« a«l WE Ol ilT To Come Together. You Want BAYK Mo n k and EA1 We W ant ANT O U a s TO WE MUHT BE DON! BY Hi^ E LOW P1UCES. Here We Are Toother AT W8SSIT!, DfOCKHlSIl &, fifl u w FAR Over riflj YCHIN Mr.?. WiNHunv'S SOOTHING RYKUP HIIS 1 1"' eliiidien all pain, cures wind collie, and isthcWst rHUH-dv f,„- Diarrhoea. Twentv-tivecents M. & «. Mnd!drthLeM-^ ci ar iv -ven WeeJ, west, M-cdii Vv O. ASIITU.N, 1 dentist, 2 irOfru OVHK HiyKsKu's Dsv? Milliauk, S. Ijak, Teeth extracted md fiiied wiihf 8 M. iwsro. ap preciated Christmas Present. Come and get your choice, for they will be sold at less than cost in order to dispose of them before leaving. MTV.H wrifi:. AND NOTARY PUBLIC Insurance and Collections prcrnj tended to. Pays taxes lor ret!, dents, perfects titles aiitl btj and sells Inutl. Ill BEETLE*, Am LAWYEH. t3r"Ofllee over Rose's Drug St»n. bank. S. Dak. Special a: tent ion paid to c!!ect CENTRA I. MEAT MARKET, Hr. AYMAN. Proprietor. Fresh, Salt and Smoked M«aVon! The patronage of the people of and surrounding country respew fullv solicited. AMES KEU1!, ft Proprietor MILBANK DKAY LINE A- AGENT FOU THK STAXOAUP UAO' Muviug Pianon, Orjjitue, Fiiruiuire E| prompt Attention. LIN-IKll'IST, Farm Loans and Ave. vor ii TRAD Desirable ianu* on eawy terms or on crop pajincut plan. Milliauk, S"? N. J. BLESEI Has just received a new iii'ai Cfoodsin China and Silvorwoar* Lamps and Triw that is well worth the attenti°D purchasers in these lines. For Coughs and Cokls Bleser's Hoarhound. H!" rfif sore spot more eflectivt'ly quickly than anything *'f,e at «oo. Mividkbrooks. Hunu uiitde, long Ilav 3?uJs 'hHS""n""" rr'*e K S i v cn" f°r h. & B, it you waotTioon smoke lor o cDts. W. t=. DCMSi H± £5# FRENCH vw. «5-- 1 v 1" ,,r-r f. *3,^P0l4| .!p i./'•--'lC OverOnD Million Pcoi'-e C' W.L. Douglas $3&-K All our 5hoc3 are cq^ally^^^c,. They Klve the best value ner cquui „re. uniUr?4ld Their wearing qualities stamP^!. i Th« prices are uniform.""3 From $i to ••ved over otwr If your dealer cannot suppb rtij»v Denier wln»*e name here. Ageut w»ute«l'