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CRAWlOliU SAVS THI-RE HAS BEEN .NO tOMlUOMlsB. tavlor Must Meet and Endure the s,»ntfi« e ,,e Courts -The State 1J 4vP Not Agreed to Mitigate AU Assertion# to the Con- ire False- !,e Public:—I trust I may behe ld A-lien I «ay that it is xtreme jstasteful to me to occupy news 51 pace with a statement of facts vud to the Taylor case, and n is through no desire to create ional discussion that I make jat -bis time. ver, the case is one in which ,()ple of South Dakota are the ties in interest, and they are e i to know, whenever the infor lulu canbegiven without prejudice, he facts in connection with the a^ment of the litigation. It be given honestly and without re to personal or partisan in 1. I here attempt to make I) a statement simply and briefly. 1 -ign it. Let him who contra nter the denial over his own iavd-e in the same way. jt authorities of South Dakota i. uned that Taylor was a de er on January 9, 1895. We now A mat from the reports of the de vverified by Taylor himself, h- left Chicago on January 3, A not within the United States, Havana, Cuba, when the de t' on became known January 9. lt legislature, the state officers iio people of the state generally, completely stunned and surpris y he news on January 9. They .lazed, many were incredulous revised to believe that Taylor a urn away. twithstanding this, however, a n solution was passed the first ly o: the session offering $-J,0 0 re liil for Taylor, and news of the off Iw 1* telegraphed all over the United 011 January 10. On that very I opened the negotiations with I'itikerton's detective agency ior purpose of employing them the ter. IVe found that the Pinkertons uid not work for a reward, and at in order to employ them a con ot must oe made at a lixed price ounting to $8 per day for each n. and his actual necessary expen g. This fact was promptly reported to 0 legislature in executive session, da bill appropriating $10,000 fcr ployment of the dotectivca and thd (rosecution of criminal suits and suits jtitside the state upon Taylor's bond agreed upon and regularly passed irough the houses and agreed to bv governor. This bill was rushed irough just as rapidly as the limita £ons in the constitution would per lit. As soon as its passage \\Ki |88ured a contract was entered into letween the state and the Piukertcn [eency, and five experts were put to foric. Taylor had covered his tracks fery skillfully and had various fays misled the authorities ami it •as several weeks before a tangible |lue was discovered as to the correct (rail. One of Pinkerton's men, however, Itruck the trail in February and bached Havana March *, about sixty Jays behind Taylor. I then ordered the Pinkertons to put the best man in tiieir service upon this trail and fol low it, no matter where it took him, int.il we ordered him to stop, and to iismisa all other men. I did this to five unnecessary and reckless expense, is I was satisfied we were 011 the right '"ack, and out good man could follow better than more than one. This detective followed Taylor from Havana through Mexico and Central America, thence to Kingston, Jamaica with a faithfulness that deserves Something more than condemnation. He has been economical in his ex penses, and has rendered from time to mie an itemized statement account ing for every penny expended. He l^ft Havana March 14 and followed Baylor's meandering trail as above stated, arriving at Kingston, Jamaica, May 4. He remained for some days 3n the island searching for his man, who had covered his tracks with great but finally satisfied himself that Taylor left Kingston for Barbadoes, !Q route to Brazil and he therefore eft for Barbadoes May 17 and arrived there on May 20. Hethen went on to Martinique, West Indies, from which place we recalled him. Since his return Taylor has been flowed to examine some of the re Ports of this detective. After doing •so he admits that he was more close y followed than he thought when he wade his first statement to the press. He says he came north to the United states upon leaving Kingston, which ni&y be true, and I am satisfied that the detectives would have found that |ict out and would have followed him here. This is a correct history of the de tective service in this case. ^ext as to the suit on Taylor s J0nd, and between that day and the *-^th of January every bit of proper ty in the state which could bo discov ered belonging to Taylor and his pndsmen was attached, and person ai service was made of the summons uCoq all resident defendants, and ser vice hy publication opgun upon non nw.d,ut defendants. Alter tL wa" -lone lawyers were retained in New °rk City and Lafayette, Ind., and suits begun there against John T. M^ Chesney and William Taylor. In the suit against the defendants 111 vins state a very strong and de termined effort was made to obtain a change of enue irom Hughes county to fcpink county, where a majority of the bondsmen reside. This failed, and the state took numerous depositions and prepared the case for trial at the Mav term of circuit court at Pierre. When the rase was called for trial at the opening of the May term, the de fendants applied for a continuance over the entire term, which was de nied and the case set for trial May -8. 1 hey tlum at emp^ed to r. move it to the federal court and failed in his, and the case was tried and judgment obtn ned for $:U4,277.45 aid has been duly entered. Upon the suit 111 New York against John T. McChesney, the defendant uiswered and counsel fur the state moved to strike out most of the tnswer as incompetent and irrelev ant. Tnia motion was denied in the ourt below and the state appealed, i he appellate court has reversed this lecision and ordered that the motion 0 strike out be sustained. 80 that here is little in McCuesney's answer except the alienation, that the short ige occurred during Taylor's first erm. The authorities found that in the ast days of December, 18!M, Taylor ind his brothei -,n-law Benedict had transferred to one Charles H. Wells in Chicago, 111., all of the real estate be longing to the Northwestern Mortgage Trust company, of which Taylor was president, ami all the real estate be lon«j:int» to Taylor and his wife and A. C. Mellette situated within this state, in trust for some purpose which did not appear on the face of the deeds also, that early in January the de fendants, McChesney, Beard, Brooks, Kiser, Morris, Labrie and several others had recorded deeds purporting to transfer their property. An action was at once instituted by the s^ate to set aside all these deeds, covering a vast amount of real estate scattered over some thirty counties in the state, as fraudulent and voii. Service by publication and personal has been made and completed, and the action is at issue. This is the status of the civil suits. The legislature appointed a commit tee to investigate the defalcation of Taylor an 1 a great mar.y witnesses were summoned and examined. The report of that (onimittee has been published and ne-M not be commented 011 by me. It appears, however, from evidence obtained by that committee and ad missions made by I. K. Tenney and otheis, that last before Taylor ran away, he plated all the cash he had, with* the exception of a small amount he took t-way with him, together with ail his person hi pioperty everywhere, including d»*eds to hi.- teal estate, and real estate belonging to the North western MorU'.'U'e Trust company, in th»» hands of Ctiarle* H. Wells in "hi i ago, ami that it was agreed between Taylor and the tie* rues to this arrangement that the state be re pined to a^t'eo to not prosecute Taylor and to release his bondsmen entirely upon the turning over to it of a certain i-um o: motley, not exceeding $100,000. •Upon discovering this situation I resolved to proceed against the par- whose names wete connected with his Si h.Miie upon a criminal charge or .on -piracy to cheat aud defraud i A is'already well Known, 1 lodged -nr.1 a co in plaint 111 justice^ court in •. 1 be latter pare of February, ind one o i defendants was arrest d, and after a most able and stub born 11cteiis»3 held 10 await the action or the grand jury of Hughes county at tue M«v term. Just befijre the commencement of the May term of court a friend of mine said he hail received a letter from Mi-Ch'—nev asking him to see me and ,t 1 ei ta:n whether or not I was really determined to present the charge against hun and his co-defendants to the grand jury. I replied that I was. 'Ciiis Tf"'iif lt*niHt\ wfis tit) entirelj disni* tere.-u'd friend, and is in no manner whatever connected with any of the parties or their transactions. I told •litn hat I was determined to do so. He then said that Mr. Met heeney would like to meet me in I racy, Minn., and talk the matter oyer with me I refused to do this. He then abked if I would be willing to meet his uttouiev in Sioux City, and I refused. 1 then said, "You may tell Mi Mc Chesney that I will not meet him at all nor give him any consideration as Ion" as he remains in his present atti tude towards the state. If he expects anv favorable consideration let him first put himself in the position of an honest man by restoring to this state every dollar in money and every item of personal property, and every loot of real estate that was placed out of our reach and in the hands of the trustee in Chicago, without any con ditions or reservations winatever Until then you can say to him that we will tuht him to the last ditch, and if he can be arrested and tried this state it will be done." The next step in this line was taken before the opening of the May term of court at Pierre. It was then intimated to me that if I would give the defendants in the conspiracy charge an opportunity they would undertake to Procure the full and complete surrender to the state of all the money and property lieki in Chicago, with no conditions whatever airiicne.i, and that they wanted the trial of the criminal charg es then pending continued so that this might be done. This offer had every appearance of being made in good faith, so I consented to the continu ance of the criminal cases over that term. That is ail there is to that. In the meantime Benedict was ar rested in Chicago and brought to 1 ieire 011 extradition papers charging him with grand larceny. The charee was based upon his connection with Taylor's escape and business trans actions bet ween them at this time, and the description fiven by the offi cers of the American Exchange Na tional bank of Chicago of the man who came into the bank with Tay lor on the 3d day of January when he drew out $'50,000. Upon the pre liminary examination of Benedict the bank policeman could not iden tify him as the man who was in the bank with Taylor and we failed in our proofs. We dismissed the com plaint and lodged one charging him with conspiracy, and after an exam ination he was held for the grand jury and indicated at the May term with the other defendants for consp.r acy to cheat and defraud. After the above proceedings at the May term of court here, I was asked by a friend of Taylor's whether I wouid be willing to give him a warrant for Taylor's arrest, and pay the actual expenses of a man who 'would go to the place where Taylor was in hiding and bring him to Pierre. He said that Taylor's father and mother were getting old and wanted to see him before they died, and that they thought it better for him to come back and plead guilty, and bethought Taylor would come. He wanted the warrant lor protection against sharks wtio would try to arrest Taylor and laim the reward. I expressed confi dence that we would get Taylor through the detectives, and he re marked that we probably would in time, but this would save us a large amount of expense, and that they did not ask that any vigilance on the part of the state be relaxed. I could not refuse this and thus take the risk of possibly losing trace of Taylor, so I agreed to it. In response to an in quiry I said that if Taylor came back in this way and would make a full and complete confession of all the facts connected with the crime and plead guilty, with evidence of peni tence, I would recommend him to the mercy of the court. I then procured a certificate or commission for his arrest under the seal of the state and gave it to the man. I did not know who was to go after Taylor, but sup posed it was some member of his family—never did know until I saw Sullivan with him at Wolsey. So far as Judge Gaffy agreeing any particular sentence, or Gov ernor Sheldon agreeing in writing or any manner to pardon Taylor, I have to say that there is no truth in it whatever. Judge Gaffy is not the sort of a judge nor the sort of man to pass upon or decide any case un til it is before him in all its bearings, and the person who would have the termerity to approach the judge of this circuit court with a proposition of that kind, would not be likely, in my judgment, to repeat the attempt. It is true the extremest penalty un der the criminal code of this state for appropriating funds received by a public officer as defined in sections t!69S aud 321 2 of the compiled laws, is imprisonment in the penitentiary not exceeding five years. No lawyer probably, who reads section 1065 •arefullv will undertake to say it is val id. This, however, is for the circuit court to decide and not me. 1 have had some professional talks withattorneysontheot hersidein these cases during their negotiation which was along the lines above named, and that is all there is to that. Tay» lor is here, he will plead guilty, and neither he nor any person on either side of the case can say that he knows what the judge will decide to do. Now as to the settlement of the suit on Taylor's bond: One of the bondsmen came to Pierre recently and spent some days here. He solicited several interviews with me, in which he proposed several schemes for settling up the Taylor claim. From him and from Taylor aud from all other sources of inquiry that have been open to me, it seems that Taylor, at the time of his flight, left f45,000 with him that the bal ance of the large amounts received by Taylor during November and Decem ber was practically all used in paying off various obligations which Taylor had contracted earlier in the year, in cluding notes indorsed by his father and moneys paid out in his deals at Newton, 111. I am unable so far to find anything with which to contro vert his statement. They also admit that several thousand dollars has been collected by Taylor's trustee since the property was turned over to him, and that he has about $25,000 in his hands as casfr. One of the propositions made to me was that the state accept this cash and all the property of Taylor and everything held by this trustee in satisfaction of the judgment. I promptly and em phatitaily refused to entertain such a proposition for a moment. I was then asked as to what kind of an arrangement cure the Illinois I would be willing to make, and I said this: That if the bondsmen would pro payment of the cash in the hands of the trustee, claimed to be about $32,000 and enough more cash to make the cash sum of $100,000, into the treasury of this state, I would then agree to take the list of all the real estate, notesf mortgages, certificates of deposit, mining stocks, farm aud Chicago lots—oj which property there ia a vast amount—present it to the board of appraisement of school and public lands, which consists of Auditor Hip pie, Commissioner Lockhart and Governor Sheldon—I am not a mem ber of it at all—and have them ex amine the property title, location, character etc., and have them ap praise the property upon a fair and liberal basis, taking into considera tion the fact that the state might have to carry some of the lands for several years before selling in order to get its money out of it and that we would then issue execution upon the judgment and sell this property at the agreed figure and apply it to the satisfaction of the judgment that I wanted them to get a piit laim deed from Northwester mort gage Trust company, authorized by the board of directors of that com pany, conveying all the property of that company which I had attached in behalf of the state and that I be lieved that all this property so sold, with the cash payment $.100,000, would substantially satisfy the judg ment. This is just exactly what the state is required by the law to do. The con stitution of the state permits no com promise, and the legislature last winter enacted a law which provides that in all civil actions where tiie state is plaintiff and recovers judgment and issues an execution, the same board wliich appraises school and public lands shall determine the price at which the state may bid in the prop erty levied upon. Not a single mem ber of this board has seen a list of this property, or directly or indirectly committed himself to any particular figure. The statement that the list has been accepted and an agreement ma-ta in writing to take it is wholly and abso lutely false. I sincerely believe that the bonds men will raise and pay over the $100, 00t) in cash, and that the other property taken as above indicated will .substantially satisfy the judg ment The defendants are sufficiently well acquainted with me to know that they must take that course or con tinue the fight along the line inaugur ated in tlie start. It is for them to decide which course they will take, and, as I understand it, they have concluded to pay and turn over as above indicated. The prosecutions against McChes ney, Tenney, Benedict and McCoy re main where they were when continued over the May term. They have not been dismissed. There has been no written agreement of any sort made in regard to them, or in regard to any thing at all. It would not be proper at this time for me to make a statement in regard to the conspiracy cases. They cannot de touched until next November. This statement is made to correct many erroneous statements that are being circulated over the state. I claim no credit for doing more than my duty. I have tried to do that. No doubt I have made some mistakes and dont feel hard at anyone who in dulges in fair criticism. But there is no excuse for willful and malicious lying in these matters. COB I, CRAWFORD. JOHN J. K.A1N. Sketch of tl»e Nfw Arcltblahop of St. LOHIH. St. Louis, June 21. John .1. Kain, who will succeed Archbishop Kenrick of St. Louis, recently deposed by the pope, was born in Berkeley county, W. Ya., about fifty-three years ago. He was educated at the Seminary of St. John J. Kala. Charles, in Eliot county. Md.. and or dained a priest at Baltimore July 2, 1S0G. Until 1875 he served in a mis sion composed of six counties of West Virginia, when he was consecrated bishop of Wheeling, succeeding Bishop Richard Vincent Whelan. who died in 1S74. Archbishop Kain is said to be a man of remarkable physical aud mental vigor and strong will- Fifteen Yenrw for Nntt. Atchison. Kan., June 21. .Tames Nutt, who killed James Dake of I'niontown, Fa., on trial for the kill ing of his father, State Treasurer Nutt, was to-day sentenced to the penitentiary for fifteen years for shooting Mrs. Jesse Pay ton and Leon ard Coleman in this county Feb. 4 last. State Nedini ut Dnluth. Duluth, Minn., June 21.—The state medical society opened its annual ses sion here this morning. Only seventy live members have so far arrived* al though 200 will be here oy to-night. The session was devoted wnolly to business, the treasurer maki-ug a good showing for the year. The Elppfrlc Flcvnfor. There has been a fierce fight during the last twelve months between the hydraulic and the electric elevator sys tems. It is hardly surprising that the older system, which has done good ser vice. and is still efficient for buildings of moderate height, under certain con ditions, has had to give way to the more flexible electric system', which is equal to the requirements of the tall est skyscraper ever built. The ques tion of rivalry has been virtually set tled by the adoption of the electric ele vator in large new representative buildings in Chicago, Minneapolis and San Francisco, after open competition with the hydraulic, and its superiority is now recognized by many of the leading architects of the country. One of these has expressed the opinion that the electric elevator is to the hydrau lic what the electric car is to the liorso car, and that the older system is doom ed. He adds: "I unhesitatingly assert that the hydraulic elevator has finally met its rival, that it is a passing sys tem, and that in the comparatively near future the electric elevator, for the highest class of service, will prove as much of an advance over the hy draulic as the latter has proved better than the steam machine. I have had an unequaled opportunity for seeing, under every possible condition of hard service and adverse circumstances, the development of this type of elevator." As there are not less than ."0,000 ele vators in operation in the Fnited States, the conimeieial importance of this addition to the ele trical field will be seen. Central stations are already laying themselves out for electric ele vator business, and one station in New York is now running some 250 electric elevators of a total of 300U horse-power. Although this system is adapted for heavy work, especially in tall buildings, and is coining into gen eral use on account of its saving in space, ease of handling and high effi ciency for business purposes, one of the most Important of its utilizations will be for domestic needs. In five years' time a well appointed house will as naturally have an electric elevator as a bath room. To many delicate and elderly persons the mounting of steps is a grievous burden, if not a serious sourse of injury, and beforo long stairs will be looked upon as a barbarism. It is now as easy and cheap to have an electric elevator in a private house as in a large office building. The cost of operating it in, say. a tive-story house, making fifty or sixty trips every day, will not ex ceed or $4 a month. It is made to work automatically, so that there is not the slightest danger. An invalid or a child can operate it it stops only at each floor and starts only when the elevator door is closed. For starting, the old lever is discarded, and all that is necessary is to press a button. Use of Kites In War. Tests in kite flying for military pais poses have established the following facts: That a properly constructed kito can be made to fly in the very lightest breezes that by fitting "side lines" to the kite it can be steered out of the wind course to an extent of at least 45 degrees that In an average wind, pay twelve miles an hour, a kite can lift off the ground a weight equal to three pounds per square foot area, PO that a kite of 500 square feet could lift a man that if the strink of a kito carrying a weight breaks the kite forms a parachute, and descends gent ly that the length of the string is practically unlimited, since, when a kite has taken out all of the string it is able to lift,the end of the string, may be affixed to a second kite, and so on that by suitable arrangements of cords, etc., a kite may be made to fly quite steadily without any possibility of its capsizing that on a perfectly calm day a kite can be made to float in the air so long as it is towed along at the rate of. at least, four miles an hour, lt is believed that in actual war fare kiles may serve as a means of communicating between bodies of troops when the usual method can not be conveniently employed. Excellent pictures of important strategic posi tions and movements have already been taken by making a camera-car rying kite hover over a given spot. A kite may be used for carrying a tor pedo over tin? heads of an enemy, for communicating with a besieged place, or for raising a man. and in the last respect a large kite might be err.ployed instead of a captive balloon. Kites, in deed, should be an indispensable aux iliary to a baloon equipment but the advantages their favor are so enor mous that in course of time they will probably entirely supersede balloons. The only serious objection to the em ployment of kites in war is the possi bility of lack of wind force but, prac tically, this is not so great a difficulty as might be imagined. Prof. C. W. Drew, Chemist to the Minnesota State Focd and Dairy Com mission, says that the "ltojal" bein£ of greater strength than any other, and possessing better keeping quali ties, it is the natural conclusion that it is the best baking powder made. The Serpent's Trick. The power of continuing motionless with the lifted head projecting for ward for an indeiinite time is one of the most wonderful of the serpent's muscular feats, and is one of the highest1 importance to the animal, Koth when fascinating its victim and when mimicking some inanimate ob ject. as, for instance, the stem and bud of an aquatic plant here it is only referred to on account of the effect it produces on the human mind, as en hancing the serpent's strangeness. In this attitude, with the round, unwink ing eyes fixed on the beholder's face, the effect may be very curious and un canny.—Fortnightly Review.