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-'*Gf 3 v WIPED BY A CUBAN MOHY or Title At IfctFISM IO\ i or uK Mistsps MCTrr.n. K*n From Hie Envelope in the V ft 11 nvann Postotlloe by a Clerk, per rj| C"1 I* u Secret Agent of the Cu- nj3r,|»^jl)uns-VVhitc Paper Hubsitltnted n ld the I.eter Pf«i»i rl Delivered v-i"nbitn Offlcltiltt H.td tleen Ad- l»rd of th? Kvl«tonee off the Lp(. ^•tcp by i Izcr in the Le ^pntlon Offlee nnhingfton. IliMletpliia. Feb. 13. The Press urt. s wh»l it assorts to bo the two far- on of the acquisition and publica tion of tlio lottor from Mr. Do Lome to Sen Cannlejas. Tho authority cited for its authenticity is "a Cuban of tho highest standing in tho councils of his party," who receives his information $ -"from headquarters in New York ^PUe story proceeds to say: i^ttor rvaa not stolon frottr the ^, Sffi TTnlf States malls, but was secured by an silent of the Cuban junta In the post rn offlc at Havana. Don Jose c'analejas. tv *o W.'iom tho letter was addressed, never f5-, -he original. He did not know until "f*- eljfh' days after the letter had reached '&• &£> Hav ,na that such a letter from Spain' 11 repr sentative in Washington had been ip writ! n him. Do Lome wrote the b-tter fv-S 1" hi,s private residence in Washington fj inftt* id of at the Spanish legation. The jfH P*P* however, was marked with the .gjj ©fflci.il type and read in the corner 'Le t» de Espana.' The same inscription was upon the left-hand upper corner of the nvelope. *fv nor de Lome did r.ot mall the letter froir. his house. In fact, he had not quite '^•3 •completed it upon the morning it was jMj writ'en and carried It to the legation, Whet it waa first seen and noticed by a '\i! per?' n who is in the employ of the em Ojliass\, acting in a suboftlcial capacity. ]rn The etter lay upon the desk of the min MW later in his inner office, the outer office le4ni' hia place of reception to visitors. During an absence of nearly an hour from the inner office of Do Lome the clerk in question saw the open letter and read some of it. The next day this sam person sent word to his Cuban as SOci t':es in Washington that he had seen a letter from De Lome to Canaleja.s, in :&K' which Prt nlilont tlcKtnley Wan Yilllfied and lutonnmy called a .scheme. Several of ti e C'uban leaders got together and asked the employes of the embassy to secure the letter. They did not believe implicitly in his story, although he urged them to come into the public print and make charges against De Lome. Because they did not have the letter in their possession the leaders refused to say any thing about it. The employe of the lega tion was urged to use all means in his power to secure the letter, although it was considered probable that the letter was already in the mail.-. wh n the 'ubans at the Hole! Raliifih were informed of i its exi.-*l» i "The c!»ik ii. 'iv t11 of Mir.:-' de Lome .-»»w i, more ,.t letter, Hi i memory written abstracts wr- forwarded to New York and it was quickly agreed i that could possession of the letter be obtained ind his statements proved to be true, the letter would be of incalculable vsClue to the 'ubam cause as substantia- ting what thjban leaders maintained re Sard rig mtonomy and the general Spacsh policy, in official circles, toward this country and its officers. Immediately word* of warning and urging.* to be on the :ilert. were sent to every f'uban who might be in a position to obtain track of or intercept the much-sought-for missive. "The letter reached Havana Ave days after its postmark in Washington. An ajrerr of the «'uban party who is an em plo\ of the Spanish postotflce knew that the letter ww on the way. and when '.f. cam into his hands it was carried from the t'OStofflce ind a copy was made of it. if "Word to the effect was semt to the i^uban lead, in Jacksonville. Fla.. who at once tt«k i the secret Cuban junta in Havana to secure The OriKinni Letter, copy was not what was desired. The: na post office clerk was not willing to is af tirst, Tut afterward consented, was obliged to account for a certain ^rtiinher of letters to other employes of th department. The original was the.i tak' »i, seven 1 blank sheets were sub stituted in place of the paper upon which fte Lome had written, and the letter ®nal!y postmarked in the Havana oft!"-1 «nd -lent in its routine way. Eight day from its arrival in the Havana office, the envelope, properly addressed to '""analgias, was delivered at ih^ lnglaterra. Senor Canaiejas did ^p|ot regarci the matter seriously at the •^j^nie. although the hotel boy who brought piim the letter and the postoffiec employe g|rh had la.it. charge of it were arrested, also was the hotel employe who went eral times daily to the postofflce fo' mails. All three were discharged aft an examination. Senor Canalejas com iBunioated almost immediately with Min ister de Lome, and for several weeks let ters and cablegrams passed between th but no trace of the letter could be J. Obtained. t'analejas shortly thereafter lli'ill II xr::1 :IR- •. Havana, going to Madrid. "It is not explained why the letter was fltept by the Cubans for several weeks be More it was given out for publication. An ,»P*t"rmant. oth?r than the person who ,'f .'«|avc- the foregoing, but who is on the in .. |pi(ie in Cuban official circles, declares tha' 'the delay was occasioned by desina on }the part of the junta to be assured ab 1 |aolut'dy that the writing was that of the Spanish minister, so that he might not t.jliave any chance to deny its authorship [|. nd thus -ia'ne a reaction which tin eilly would have been tho result oi he propagation of a fake." QtARTRTTK OF Ml HI'lOB* linllaiia Alininff Tonna Wllnraa ome llloolth«'d. Tcrre Haute. Ind.. Feb. 1.". iMiriu^ quarrel in a saloon at tiraut, a coal |imninj town north of this city, John "arriuKton shot and killed Wesley |Nicce. He also shot Hayless Niece, fjv- 11! will die. The muniercr escaped. |^-\t Layford. another mining town, the Impost master, John tiilfoy, siiot Joe llotT jj^mau, who will die. John Besete. an Italian, was struck in the neek wtth a miner's pick and killed. The last mur 'X lcr wn at I,odi. M'AIN I.S Mlltin l"K|»re*Mc« Risn i for the de Lome I neideti and IIo|m-» Thnt the l-'rieiullv Ueluilonis Will Kn| He I nifta I rel. New York, Feb. !.* A dispatch to the World from Madrid savs: A formal statement of regret and censure of Dupuy Lome's conduct, coupled with an expression of sincere decire that the Canalejas letter incident shall not impair the present friendly rela tions between the governments of Spain and the Tinted Stales or inter ritpt the negotiations for a commercial treaty, will be made by Foreign Min ister Culloti immediately following the gazetting of the royal decree accepting Sopor tie I.omc's resignation and ap pointing his successor as Spain's rep resentative at Washington. mi the other hand the Washington correspondent of the World says that Spain iias not disa\ovved responsibility for she utterances of Senor de Lome, and does not consider that any dis claimer of that character is necessary. From Spain's point of view the inci dent is closed, not only as to lc Lome's reflections upon the president and ty At: leriean people, but as to his declaration autonomy is a mockery and reciprocity a fraud. Such is the unsatisfactory information contained in the long expected statement from Ur. Woodford. VKHY SMOOTH ril.HU s I'KHIOIIV They Oet Awi,j With tt III)* K*i»edi« Hon IttjKht I mler the \o*e» of I'inkerfonN Tampa. Fla.. Feb. 1.*.—Almost under the nose of Hdward fJiiylor. superin tendent of Pinkertoti's Spanish spies, a large Cuban expedition left here Saturday night and last night sailed from a point on Pence river. The men. about, seventy in number, walked through the streets of Tampa about o'clock yeslerday morning and board ed a. special train which quickly l»ore them to a point near where they were to embark, and there they remained in hiding until last night, when a tug look them out. to the steamer which lore them away to Cuba. It is said (Jen. Sanguilly is the real commander of tl.o expedition. Supt. (Jaylor. his son and another 1'lnkcrtou man have been here looking for Sanguilly. Hiey believing lie was somewhere near. The detectives are totally ignorant of the departure of this expedition. It is understood o.oimi rifles. q.iiUH pounds of dynamite, 200.tXW) rounds of cartridges and a heavy lot of supplies made up the cargo. WQOCFOftl) IIF\HI 1'HtHI iplicr Dlopuli li Keeelved. hu the OlHelal* Will \ot Olvulue It* on I ClltM. Washington, Feb. 1."i. A three hun dred-word cipher dispatch received from Minister Woodford Saturday night has been translated at the state department, but no intimation of its import could tie secured from official sources. Assistant Secretary of State Hay. who has been entrusted with the whole correspondence by ihe pres ident. refused 'o dp» u"s the message. He said merely that lliere was no de velopment in tin case which properly could lie mode public at this time, in one instance lie supplemented this statement by the remark that tie mere fact of :n formal ion being with held is not to Pi taken as a s-eriou- in dication. —(V OM lLHTdlM Spanish Cubii.ct oillr Soillftll I IIII Madrid, Feb. L.Y Tress correspondent •rn Trie* to Sny lee. The Associated obtained inter views with Senor «ullen. the foreign minister, and Senor Moret. tlie minis ter for the colonies. Senor tJullon said the He Lome letter incident was re gagrded both at Madrid ind Washing ton as absolutely ended from the mo ment when Assistant Secretary, of State Day conferred with Senor du Bosc. Senor Moret said: Although there exists in the Tnited States a I arty eager for war and which strives to provoke a conflict. Tresiden* Mc Kinlev will try to avoid one. and the Spanish government also will do its utmost to avoid any fresh friction which would make the relations be tween tiie i wo countries more strained. Oi: VTH ItKStl.TS. Rolilicrt ill I'IMIIIIIKI. Iinl.. I.inve TI Victim nnl llounil find (ingiit'il. Portland, lnd.. Feb. l.Y Mrs. Louisa Stolz, a wealthy widow, was not seen about her hou.se Friday and neighbors finally forced an entrance. They found her lying on the floor, bound hand and foot with iwin* used for tying staves in bundles and her mouth stuffed with cotton and bound with a bandana handkerchief and a piece of window curtain, cold in death. The murderers wrote on a postal card addressed to the city marshal, the following mes sage: "1 Jo o the lady's house win. lives next to the heading factory: she's been robbed. Please go." Bloodhounds tracked the murderers to the railway station, shewing: that they had board ed the cars there. TII!KKlTi \(K TAV. loioi I.avt inthorieliiK It Declared M-N until DL ION A I. Council Bluffs. Iowa. Feb. l.Y- Judge Thornell, of the district court, has de cided the law taxing collateral inher itances to be unconstitutional. The law was passed at the last session of the legislature, becoming effective Oct. 1 last. It provides for a per cent tax on all bequests other than to di rect heirs. The law was attacked on the ground that it was in contraven tion of the fourteenth amendment to the constitution of the Tnited States in that i!"tM)k property without due pro cess of law. Judge Thornell rendered a verbal opinion declaring the law un constitutional on the ground taken by the plaintiff, ns well as because the law contained no provision for annui ties. Au appeal will be taken by the state. r:? is«i\ i-or /,c v Iinilce* I'll!' \e«|llllllll •n \i'rt *11in. Paris, Feb. l.Y-•There is little chance of the acquittal of Fmile Zola. The mob would be ready to lynch the jury ami the soldiers are much more ex cited ihail they appear to be. Dislike for secret trial, however, is increasing, and should M. i.aborit's eloquence ex tort an acquittal, the government is bound to fall, in which case the army may issue a pronunciamcnto. The chances arc decidedly against such an overturn, but there is no lack of funds for a revolutionary movement. The Jews a both frightened and enraged at their position under ihe parliamen tary republic. Tpon arriving at his iesiden«e M. Zola was mobbed by a crowd, who a sailed l»lm with abusing and insulting epithets, but Hie police dispersed the i rowil. The latest move of the auli Zola agitators is signalling with a whistle which quickly brings together a mob of profes.sii.iial rowdies when Zola is near. It is reported that when the excite ment shall have abated the sentence of Dreyfus will be submitted to the su preine court for cassation, the jurisdic tion oi which extends to court martial when martial law has not been pro claimed. The secret document, the report says, will be submitted to ihe«. law lords in camera. l-THK 1% t\ Otlf«ll\X \»%l,l M. Mmr.v Clillilieit Ti.Uc l'i-lulil and Hun 4um-\o t'uiiMultiCM. Milwaukee. Wis.. Feb. LY Fire broke out in the SI. Aemiliatuis or phan asylum at St. Francis, a suburb of this city, where children are quartered. Most of tho children were playing outside at the time, while the remainder were scattered in the dif ferent corridors of the building. Many of the children took fright and i an away and late last night several were rounded up in police stations in dif ferent sections of the city. Those in tiie building were marshaled out in safety. The damage to the structure was small. VI.i. II.I, ii n 0|i«'i'iili\I'm in Kver t'oiioii 11111 In Xt'»v 10iix1 tiiiil Will ft« ulled Oat. Boston. Feb. LY At a meeting in this cily of fifty-tivc representatives of textile unions in New P.uglaud it was unanimously voted to recoil mend thai all unions call out the ojjeralives in every cotton mill in New Ki.gland. I'dllor With n t.uii, Sioux City. Iowa. Feb. L.Y Kditor L. H. Hock, of ilie Ida tlnive Kra. re sorted to firearms when James I'. Har rington demanded the retraction of an article reflecting on the la tier's moral ity. ltarri.igloii made several de mands of this kind, and meeting with refusals on each occasion, finally as saulted Bock. The first blow landed back of the editor's ear. stunning him for a moment. As soon as lie recov ered he opened lire on his antagom Bystanders disarmed him before anv of the shots took effect. Both men have been hound in keep i lie pea. e I Ti.mt n Mile it Minute. BulValo. N. Y.. Feb. l.Y--New York to Buffalo. 42.% miles, in 42t! minutes, actual running time, was tho record II :ide mer the Trie railnad yesterday by a special newspaper train. The train left Jersey City at 3:1K and reached Buffalo at 10:4.N. In stops twenty-four minutes were lost. The tain was made up of an engine and three baggage cars. Nlm ty-five miles of the run was covered in eighty five minute*. M»err"» l.lnMlltlo*. Milwaukee, Wis., Feb. l.Y A state ment of the liabilities cf Henry Sherry and the six companies in which- lie was interested, gives the amount as Sl.-_T.iMmmi. with nominal assets of .sTihuhM). Mr. Sherry'j personal lia bilities ai" ?i'i-JS.ofMi, and. in addition to this he has indorsed the paper of his corporations for S.YSO.OIMI more. The assets to meet this are now esti mated to be worth SooOJiOn. Help for Yon ll-r Alir. Cleveland. Ohio. Feb. LY -Krauk de Haas Kobinsoti, president of the Clove 1 nd Baseball club sent a dispatch to President Young, of the National League, suggesting that something be done to help Chris von der Abe. Mr. Kobinson tliinks the league should pay Yon der Aire's debts anil get him out of jail, and he proposes that Pres ident Young take a vote by telegraph on the question. Snnnlali 'rnl««*r Malls, Madrid. Feb. 15, Tie cruiser AI l:11 nte Oquendo sailed from Cartha gena for L..s Pnlinas. I'rom which port sh will proceed for Cuba. This dis pa ch of ano.her cruiser and seven torp. do boats has been de ided upon, 'ihe Bank of Spain has offered for sale UU,fhX),00tl 'pesetas treasury bonds. Perry lliiat l'n«1 In the le»*. Muskegon, Mich.. Feb. 1.Y The De troit, tirand Itapids Western rail read's car ferry Shenango is fast in tho ice four miles out in Lake Michigan. The tirand Uapids A- Indiana com pany s steamer Osceola attempted to leave for Milwaukee hut could not get beyond the harbor pier. Mr. tiliidNfonc'n Condition. Cannes. Feb. l.Y H«nrv Gladstone says his father .and the whole family inted to start about the end of next week for n South Kngbmd watering pla«e. Mr. 4 Gladstone's physician tliinks his patient has attained the utmost benelit from his stay on the Uiviera. luur-ll«- Oralitiiiner \old. Deliver, Colo.. Feb. l.Y—Police. Mag isttate Fllis has declared the ordinance fixing the license fee for cigarette dealers at $l,»)t0 per year to be ex cessive and unreasonable, and. there fore, void. There is no municipal tax on tobacco or cigar dealers. AM.ERlCAiN LABOR. ITS SUPERIORITY RECOGNIZED BY ENGLISH SHIPBUILDER. Alfred arrow Predict* Til at A naerica Will Soon Take KIrat Place In the World'* Struggle for Trade Supremacy Uulen* Knglaml Iteatlr* Herself. Anotlur Knglisli tribute to the su periority of the protected labor of America to the labor of free trade (Great Britain is found in the re marks of Mr. Alfred F. Yarrow of Yarrow & Co.. of Poplar, England, who is just completing a three months' stay in the Tnited States. Mr. Yarrow has visited and inspected several of the largest iron and steel working plants in this country and has been greatly impressed by the American methods of work and their results. Some lime ago he wrote to the London Times that If the striking engineers in England would select a committee of three or four men to visit America, inspect the plants here, and make a report to the strikers, he would gladly defray the expenses of the trip. "American iron and steel workers," said Mr. Yarrow, "are better paid than English, but they do far more than proportionately better work. They have superior diligence, application, and ingenuity, and take more inter est in their work. It seems to he the rule for each man to do as much as he can, while at home every one is afraid of injuring his fellow workman, and does no more than he has to. One noticeable thing in connection with this is the tending of automatic ma chines. 1 have seen one man in charge of several machines here, while at home it Is against the rules of the union for a man to tend to more than one. Consequently lie is idle a con siderable part of the time. When a new machine is introduced into an English shop the union decides the rating of a man to tend it, instead of allowing a man who is doing similar work to take charge of the new tool. "The lowered prices of raw ma terial in this country have put Ameri can engineers into direct competition with their English contemporaries, and I believe this competition will continue and grow keener. The ma terials. etc.. for the Central railway in London, are being supplied by Ameri cans, who are also shipping steel bil lets to England, boiler plates to Hol land, and deck beams to Belgium. These are all centers of the various in dustries using those materials, and England formerly supplied them. I foresee that America will soon take the first place in the world unless England bestirs herself and shakes off the attitude of indifference assumed tinny years ago, when she was at the head in engineering industries. Ihiring my visit here I have pur chased a quantity of small machine tools which are superior to the Eng lish makes. With such tools the price is of small moment: the best is want ed, no matter what the cost, though prices here compare favorably with those at home." oiKcalmriit and Kvnulon. The depression of the cotton manu facturing industry in New England has been seized upon by the free trade press as a sweet morsel to roll under the tongue. With one accord they gleefully point to the fact that protec tion has not proved potent enough to prevent the lowering of wages in the factories of the Fall River district, and hence "protection is a failure." The fact of overproduction and tho competition of southern factories where wages are lower and the hours ot labor lunger than in the mills of New England are factors in the prob lem which obtain no recognition and von will search in vain for any ac kowledgment of the obvious fact that it is directly due to protection that the cotton manufacturing industry of the Tnited States has reached a stage of development where competition lowers prices. Such has been the invariable history of protection it has in no case failed to stimulate competition and cheapen the cost of production through the in troduction of improved mechanical ap pliances and through the develop ment of a higher degree of efficiency in labor. It is only by concealing the facts and ignoring the logic of the case that the present condition of the trade in manufactured cotton can be used as an argument .against protection. Tlm^ljr Action. It is not to be forgotten that the present good showing of the govern ment receipts, activity in private busi ness, enlarged employment and better wages, are a year in advance because of President McKinley's calling of the fifty-fifth congress into extraordinary session. The settlement of the tariff then removed it from consideration now. Had not the special session been called the period of waiting would have been prolonged till the present time in every business which must know the Tariff rates before it ventures beyond present needs of the market. One of the greatest services the Mc Kinley administration and Republican congress were, or will, be.* able to reu« y was their prompt at tention to the revenues and restora tion of the protective policy.—-Utica Herald. The World Wilt Bay of r«. Among the exports not diminished by the operation of the Dingley tariff may be mentioned American horses, Reeent auction sales in New York. Cleveland and Chicago indicate a much larger foreign demand for horses of speed, style and finish than ever be fore known. It is also noticeable that the home market for fine horses has improved as a consequence of better times and more money to spend for luxuries. The increased foreign demand fs only another proof of the fact that, protection erects no barriers against trade that are not easily surmounted by superiority in the quality of the ar ticles offered for sale. If we have what the world wants, and if the price suits, the world will buy of us, whether it be horses, bi cycles, locomotives, sewing machines, watches or foodstuffs, tariff or no tariff. Proof of this la found In the largely increased volume of trade with foreign countries since the enactment of the Dingley law. Will Adopt Protection. With less than half a century of free trade Great Britain is losing her hold, and her great thinkers are al ready casting about for some means of maintaining the status she reached su preme in th? world of commerce. Five hundred years of the strongest protec tion in the history of a world of pro tected countries placed her in the pre eminent position, the credit for which is claimed by free traders for the few years of free trade. The principle of protection to her own industries is the cornerstone of British diplomacy all over the world today. There is many an indirect way of protecting her manufactures and she has made good use of them all, but every day strengthens the proof that, a tariff is the best protective engine, and it is but a matter of a short time until the British protective system will be ex tended into a harmonious tariff wall about the whole empire—Canadian Manufacturer. Fruit* of Protection. f'V/ A Case of Sour Gripes Trade Follow* the Flag, "Why," it may be asked, "is our com merce with Venezuela so much larger and more profitable than it is with oth er South American countries, where, as a rule, we are scantily represented?'' The answer is not far to seek there is an American steamship line to Ven ezuela while there is none to Brazil, to Argentine, to Truguay or to Chili That "trade follows the flag" has never been more brilliantly exemplified than in our relations with Venezuela. In 2D years our commerce with that country has increased more than five-fold, and under reciprocity it is capable, of course, of even further expansion.— Boston "Journal." Will Control the World'* Marketa. A glance at the list of manufactured articles which we export is well calcu lated to create the impression that our manufacturing resources are being de veloped at a remarkable rate and that the statement that we shall have con trol, virtually, of the markets of the. world before many years is not an ex travagant one.—Savannah (GaJ News, free trade. KtUvoitd Prosperity. Earnings of 156,221 miles of railroad in the United States for 1897 are re ported by Dun's Review at $91)3,442, 095, being 4.7 per cent larger than last year, and only 4.7 per cent less* than in 1892, with some of the best roads yet to come in. Every month, since August has shown larger earn ings than in any previous year. Protection and KcTenne. Here is a tariff which not only pro tects the home market but increases the revenues.—St. Louis "Globe-Demo crat." The counterfeiter majr have been brought up well but he always turn* out queer.