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The herald-advance. (Milbank, S.D.) 1890-1922, February 18, 1898, Image 3

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MOHY or Title At IfctFISM IO\
i or uK Mistsps MCTrr.n.
K*n From Hie Envelope in the
ft 11 nvann Postotlloe by a Clerk,
I* u Secret Agent of the Cu-
nj3r,|»^jl)uns-VVhitc Paper Hubsitltnted
n ld the I.eter Pf«i»i rl Delivered
Offlcltiltt H.td tleen Ad-
l»rd of th? Kvl«tonee off the Lp(.
^•tcp by i Izcr in the Le
^pntlon Offlee nnhingfton.
IliMletpliia. Feb. 13. The Press
urt. s wh»l it assorts to bo the two
far- on of the acquisition and publica
tion of tlio lottor from Mr. Do Lome to
Sen Cannlejas. Tho authority cited
for its authenticity is "a Cuban of tho
highest standing in tho councils of his
party," who receives his information
$ -"from headquarters in New York
^PUe story proceeds to say:
i^ttor rvaa not stolon frottr the
^, Sffi TTnlf States malls, but was secured by
an silent of the Cuban junta In the post
rn offlc at Havana. Don Jose c'analejas.
tv *o W.'iom tho letter was addressed, never
f5-, -he original. He did not know until
"f*- eljfh' days after the letter had reached
'&• &£> Hav ,na that such a letter from Spain'
11 repr sentative in Washington had been
ip writ! n him. Do Lome wrote the b-tter
fv-S 1" hi,s private residence in Washington
fj inftt* id of at the Spanish legation. The
jfH P*P* however, was marked with the
.gjj ©fflci.il type and read in the corner 'Le
t» de Espana.' The same inscription
was upon the left-hand upper corner of
the nvelope.
*fv nor de Lome did r.ot mall the letter
froir. his house. In fact, he had not quite
'^•3 •completed it upon the morning it was
jMj writ'en and carried It to the legation,
Whet it waa first seen and noticed by a
'\i! per?' n who is in the employ of the em
Ojliass\, acting in a suboftlcial capacity.
]rn The etter lay upon the desk of the min
MW later in his inner office, the outer office
le4ni' hia place of reception to visitors.
During an absence of nearly an hour
from the inner office of Do Lome the
clerk in question saw the open letter
and read some of it. The next day this
sam person sent word to his Cuban as
SOci t':es in Washington that he had seen
a letter from De Lome to Canaleja.s, in
:&K' which
Prt nlilont tlcKtnley Wan Yilllfied
and lutonnmy called a .scheme. Several
of ti e C'uban leaders got together and
asked the employes of the embassy to
secure the letter. They did not believe
implicitly in his story, although he urged
them to come into the public print and
make charges against De Lome. Because
they did not have the letter in their
possession the leaders refused to say any
thing about it. The employe of the lega
tion was urged to use all means in his
power to secure the letter, although it
was considered probable that the letter
was already in the mail.-. wh n the 'ubans
at the Hole! Raliifih were informed of
i its exi.-*l»
i "The c!»ik ii. 'iv t11 of Mir.:-'
de Lome .-»»w i, more ,.t letter, Hi
i memory written abstracts wr- forwarded
to New York and it was quickly agreed
i that could possession of the letter be
obtained ind his statements proved to be
true, the letter would be of incalculable
vsClue to the 'ubam cause as substantia-
ting what thjban leaders maintained re
Sard rig mtonomy and the general
Spacsh policy, in official circles, toward
this country and its officers. Immediately
word* of warning and urging.* to be on
the :ilert. were sent to every f'uban who
might be in a position to obtain track of
or intercept the much-sought-for missive.
"The letter reached Havana Ave days
after its postmark in Washington. An
ajrerr of the «'uban party who is an em
plo\ of the Spanish postotflce knew that
the letter ww on the way. and when
'.f. cam into his hands it was carried from
the t'OStofflce ind a copy was made of it.
if "Word to the effect was semt to the i^uban
lead, in Jacksonville. Fla.. who at once
tt«k i the secret Cuban junta in Havana
to secure
The OriKinni Letter,
copy was not what was desired. The:
na post
office clerk was not willing to
is af tirst, Tut afterward consented,
was obliged to account for a certain
^rtiinher of letters to other employes of
th department. The original was the.i
tak' »i, seven
1 blank sheets were sub
stituted in place of the paper upon which
fte Lome had written, and the letter
®nal!y postmarked in the Havana oft!"-1
«nd -lent in its routine way. Eight day
from its arrival in the Havana office, the
envelope, properly addressed to
'""analgias, was delivered at ih^
lnglaterra. Senor Canaiejas did
^p|ot regarci the matter seriously at the
•^j^nie. although the hotel boy who brought
piim the letter and the postoffiec employe
g|rh had la.it. charge of it were arrested,
also was the hotel employe who went
eral times daily to the postofflce fo'
mails. All three were discharged aft
an examination. Senor Canalejas com
iBunioated almost immediately with Min
ister de Lome, and for several weeks let
ters and cablegrams passed between th
but no trace of the letter could be
J. Obtained. t'analejas shortly thereafter
lli'ill II
:IR- •.
Havana, going to Madrid.
"It is not explained why the letter was
fltept by the Cubans for several weeks be
More it was given out for publication. An
,»P*t"rmant. oth?r than the person who
,'f .'«|avc- the foregoing, but who is on the in
.. |pi(ie in Cuban official circles, declares tha'
'the delay was occasioned by desina on
}the part of the junta to be assured ab
1 |aolut'dy that the writing was that of the
Spanish minister, so that he might not
chance to deny its authorship
[|. nd thus -ia'ne a reaction which tin
eilly would have been tho result oi
he propagation of a fake."
linllaiia Alininff Tonna Wllnraa
ome llloolth«'d.
Tcrre Haute. Ind.. Feb. 1.". iMiriu^
quarrel in a saloon at tiraut, a coal
|imninj town north of this city, John
"arriuKton shot and killed Wesley
|Nicce. He also shot Hayless Niece,
fjv- 11! will die. The muniercr escaped.
|^-\t Layford. another mining town, the
Impost master, John tiilfoy, siiot Joe llotT
jj^mau, who will die. John Besete. an
Italian, was struck in the neek wtth a
miner's pick and killed. The last mur
'X lcr wn at I,odi.
M'AIN I.S Mlltin
l"K|»re*Mc« Risn i for the de Lome
I neideti and IIo|m-» Thnt the
l-'rieiullv Ueluilonis Will Kn| He
I nifta I
New York, Feb. !.* A dispatch to
the World from Madrid savs: A
formal statement of regret and censure
of Dupuy Lome's conduct, coupled
with an expression of sincere decire
that the Canalejas letter incident shall
not impair the present friendly rela
tions between the governments of
Spain and the Tinted Stales or inter
ritpt the negotiations for a commercial
treaty, will be made by Foreign Min
ister Culloti immediately following the
gazetting of the royal decree accepting
Sopor tie I.omc's resignation and ap
pointing his successor as Spain's rep
resentative at Washington.
mi the other hand the Washington
correspondent of the World says that
Spain iias not disa\ovved responsibility
for she utterances of Senor de Lome,
and does not consider that any dis
claimer of that character is necessary.
From Spain's point of view the inci
dent is closed, not only as to lc
Lome's reflections upon the president
and ty At:
leriean people, but as to his
declaration autonomy is a mockery
and reciprocity a fraud. Such is the
unsatisfactory information contained
in the long expected statement from
Ur. Woodford.
They Oet Awi,j With tt III)* K*i»edi«
Hon IttjKht I mler the \o*e» of
Tampa. Fla.. Feb. 1.*.—Almost under
the nose of Hdward fJiiylor. superin
tendent of Pinkertoti's Spanish spies,
a large Cuban expedition left here
Saturday night and last night sailed
from a point on Pence river. The men.
about, seventy in number, walked
through the streets of Tampa about
o'clock yeslerday morning and board
ed a. special train which quickly l»ore
them to a point near where they were
to embark, and there they remained in
hiding until last night, when a tug
look them out. to the steamer which
lore them away to Cuba. It is said
(Jen. Sanguilly is the real commander
of tl.o expedition. Supt. (Jaylor. his
son and another 1'lnkcrtou man have
been here looking for Sanguilly. Hiey
believing lie was somewhere near.
The detectives are totally ignorant of
the departure of this expedition. It is
understood o.oimi rifles. q.iiUH pounds of
dynamite, 200.tXW) rounds of cartridges
and a heavy lot of supplies made up
the cargo.
iplicr Dlopuli li Keeelved. hu the
OlHelal* Will \ot Olvulue It* on
I ClltM.
Washington, Feb. 1."i. A three hun
dred-word cipher dispatch received
from Minister Woodford Saturday
night has been translated at the state
department, but no intimation of its
import could tie secured from official
sources. Assistant Secretary of State
Hay. who has been entrusted with
the whole correspondence by ihe pres
ident. refused 'o dp» u"s the message.
He said merely that lliere was no de
velopment in tin case which properly
could lie mode public at this time, in
one instance lie supplemented this
statement by the remark that tie
mere fact of :n formal ion being with
held is not to Pi taken as a s-eriou- in
Spanish Cubii.ct oillr
Soillftll I IIII
Madrid, Feb. L.Y
Tress correspondent
•rn Trie* to Sny
The Associated
obtained inter
views with Senor «ullen. the foreign
minister, and Senor Moret. tlie minis
ter for the colonies. Senor tJullon said
the He Lome letter incident was re
gagrded both at Madrid ind Washing
ton as absolutely ended from the mo
ment when Assistant Secretary, of
State Day conferred with Senor du
Bosc. Senor Moret said: Although
there exists in the Tnited States a
I arty eager for war and which strives
to provoke a conflict. Tresiden* Mc
Kinlev will try to avoid one. and the
Spanish government also will do its
utmost to avoid any fresh friction
which would make the relations be
tween tiie i wo countries more strained.
Oi: VTH ItKStl.TS.
Rolilicrt ill I'IMIIIIIKI. Iinl.. I.inve TI
Victim nnl llounil find (ingiit'il.
Portland, lnd.. Feb. l.Y Mrs. Louisa
Stolz, a wealthy widow, was not seen
about her hou.se Friday and neighbors
finally forced an entrance. They found
her lying on the floor, bound hand and
foot with iwin* used for tying staves
in bundles and her mouth stuffed with
cotton and bound with a bandana
handkerchief and a piece of window
curtain, cold in death. The murderers
wrote on a postal card addressed to
the city marshal, the following mes
sage: "1 Jo o the lady's house win.
lives next to the heading factory: she's
been robbed. Please go." Bloodhounds
tracked the murderers to the railway
station, shewing: that they had board
ed the cars there.
loioi I.avt inthorieliiK It Declared
M-N until DL ION A I.
Council Bluffs. Iowa. Feb. l.Y- Judge
Thornell, of the district court, has de
cided the law taxing collateral inher
itances to be unconstitutional. The
law was passed at the last session of
the legislature, becoming effective Oct.
1 last. It provides for a per cent
tax on all bequests other than to di
rect heirs. The law was attacked on
the ground that it was in contraven
tion of the fourteenth amendment to
the constitution of the Tnited States in
that i!"tM)k property without due pro
cess of law. Judge Thornell rendered
a verbal opinion declaring the law un
constitutional on the ground taken by
the plaintiff, ns well as because the
law contained no provision for annui
ties. Au appeal will be taken by the
r:? is«i\ i-or /,c v
Iinilce* I'll!' \e«|llllllll •n \i'rt
Paris, Feb. l.Y-•There is little chance
of the acquittal of Fmile Zola. The
mob would be ready to lynch the jury
ami the soldiers are much more ex
cited ihail they appear to be. Dislike
for secret trial, however, is increasing,
and should M. i.aborit's eloquence ex
tort an acquittal, the government is
bound to fall, in which case the army
may issue a pronunciamcnto. The
chances arc decidedly against such an
overturn, but there is no lack of funds
for a revolutionary movement. The
Jews a both frightened and enraged
at their position under ihe parliamen
tary republic.
Tpon arriving at his iesiden«e M.
Zola was mobbed by a crowd, who a
sailed l»lm with abusing and insulting
epithets, but Hie police dispersed the
i rowil. The latest move of the auli
Zola agitators is signalling with a
whistle which quickly brings together
a mob of profes.sii.iial rowdies when
Zola is near.
It is reported that when the excite
ment shall have abated the sentence of
Dreyfus will be submitted to the su
preine court for cassation, the jurisdic
tion oi which extends to court martial
when martial law has not been pro
claimed. The secret document, the
report says, will be submitted to ihe«.
law lords in camera.
l-THK 1% t\ Otlf«ll\X \»%l,l M.
Mmr.v Clillilieit Ti.Uc l'i-lulil and Hun
4um-\o t'uiiMultiCM.
Milwaukee. Wis.. Feb. LY Fire
broke out in the SI. Aemiliatuis or
phan asylum at St. Francis, a suburb
of this city, where children are
quartered. Most of tho children were
playing outside at the time, while the
remainder were scattered in the dif
ferent corridors of the building. Many
of the children took fright and i an
away and late last night several were
rounded up in police stations in dif
ferent sections of the city. Those in
tiie building were marshaled out in
safety. The damage to the structure
was small.
VI.i. II.I, ii n
0|i«'i'iili\I'm in Kver t'oiioii 11111 In
Xt'»v 10iix1
tiiiil Will ft« ulled Oat.
Boston. Feb. LY At a meeting in
this cily of fifty-tivc representatives of
textile unions in New P.uglaud it was
unanimously voted to recoil mend thai
all unions call out the ojjeralives in
every cotton mill in New Ki.gland.
I'dllor With n t.uii,
Sioux City. Iowa. Feb. L.Y Kditor
L. H. Hock, of ilie Ida tlnive Kra. re
sorted to firearms when James I'. Har
rington demanded the retraction of an
article reflecting on the la tier's moral
ity. ltarri.igloii made several de
mands of this kind, and meeting with
refusals on each occasion, finally as
saulted Bock. The first blow landed
back of the editor's ear. stunning him
for a moment. As soon as lie recov
ered he opened lire on his antagom
Bystanders disarmed him before anv
of the shots took effect. Both men
have been hound in keep i lie
pea. e
I Ti.mt n Mile it Minute.
BulValo. N. Y.. Feb. l.Y--New York
to Buffalo. 42.% miles, in 42t! minutes,
actual running time, was tho record
II :ide mer the Trie railnad yesterday
by a special newspaper train. The
train left Jersey City at 3:1K and
reached Buffalo at 10:4.N. In stops
twenty-four minutes were lost. The
tain was made up of an engine and
three baggage cars. Nlm ty-five miles
of the run was covered in eighty five
M»err"» l.lnMlltlo*.
Milwaukee, Wis., Feb. l.Y A state
ment of the liabilities cf Henry Sherry
and the six companies in which- lie
was interested, gives the amount as
Sl.-_T.iMmmi. with nominal assets of
.sTihuhM). Mr. Sherry'j personal lia
bilities ai" ?i'i-JS.ofMi, and. in addition
to this he has indorsed the paper of
his corporations for S.YSO.OIMI more.
The assets to meet this are now esti
mated to be worth SooOJiOn.
Help for Yon ll-r Alir.
Cleveland. Ohio. Feb. LY -Krauk de
Haas Kobinsoti, president of the Clove
1 nd Baseball club sent a dispatch to
President Young, of the National
League, suggesting that something be
done to help Chris von der Abe. Mr.
Kobinson tliinks the league should
pay Yon der Aire's debts anil get him
out of jail, and he proposes that Pres
ident Young take a vote by telegraph
on the question.
Snnnlali 'rnl««*r Malls,
Madrid. Feb. 15, Tie cruiser AI
l:11 nte Oquendo sailed from Cartha
gena for L..s Pnlinas. I'rom which port
sh will proceed for Cuba. This dis
pa ch of ano.her cruiser and seven
torp. do boats has been de ided upon,
'ihe Bank of Spain has offered for sale
UU,fhX),00tl 'pesetas treasury bonds.
Perry lliiat l'n«1 In the le»*.
Muskegon, Mich.. Feb. 1.Y The De
troit, tirand Itapids Western rail
read's car ferry Shenango is fast in tho
ice four miles out in Lake Michigan.
The tirand Uapids A- Indiana com
pany s steamer Osceola attempted to
leave for Milwaukee hut could not get
beyond the harbor pier.
Mr. tiliidNfonc'n Condition.
Cannes. Feb. l.Y H«nrv Gladstone
says his father .and the whole family
inted to start about the end of next
week for n South Kngbmd watering
pla«e. Mr. 4 Gladstone's physician
tliinks his patient has attained the
utmost benelit from his stay on the
luur-ll«- Oralitiiiner \old.
Deliver, Colo.. Feb. l.Y—Police. Mag
isttate Fllis has declared the ordinance
fixing the license fee for cigarette
dealers at $l,»)t0 per year to be ex
cessive and unreasonable, and. there
fore, void. There is no municipal tax
on tobacco or cigar dealers.
Alfred arrow Predict* Til at A naerica
Will Soon Take KIrat Place In the
World'* Struggle for Trade Supremacy
Uulen* Knglaml Iteatlr* Herself.
Anotlur Knglisli tribute to the su
periority of the protected labor of
America to the labor of free trade
(Great Britain is found in the re
marks of Mr. Alfred F. Yarrow of
Yarrow & Co.. of Poplar, England, who
is just completing a three months'
stay in the Tnited States. Mr. Yarrow
has visited and inspected several of
the largest iron and steel working
plants in this country and has been
greatly impressed by the American
methods of work and their results.
Some lime ago he wrote to the London
Times that If the striking engineers
in England would select a committee
of three or four men to visit America,
inspect the plants here, and make a
report to the strikers, he would gladly
defray the expenses of the trip.
"American iron and steel workers,"
said Mr. Yarrow, "are better paid than
English, but they do far more than
proportionately better work. They
have superior diligence, application,
and ingenuity, and take more inter
est in their work. It seems to he the
rule for each man to do as much as
he can, while at home every one is
afraid of injuring his fellow workman,
and does no more than he has to. One
noticeable thing in connection with
this is the tending of automatic ma
chines. 1 have seen one man in
charge of several machines here, while
at home it Is against the rules of the
union for a man to tend to more than
one. Consequently lie is idle a con
siderable part of the time. When a
new machine is introduced into an
English shop the union decides the
rating of a man to tend it, instead of
allowing a man who is doing similar
work to take charge of the new tool.
"The lowered prices of raw ma
terial in this country have put Ameri
can engineers into direct competition
with their English contemporaries,
and I believe this competition will
continue and grow keener. The ma
terials. etc.. for the Central railway in
London, are being supplied by Ameri
cans, who are also shipping steel bil
lets to England, boiler plates to Hol
land, and deck beams to Belgium.
These are all centers of the various in
dustries using those materials, and
England formerly supplied them. I
foresee that America will soon take
the first place in the world unless
England bestirs herself and shakes off
the attitude of indifference assumed
tinny years ago, when she was at the
head in engineering industries.
Ihiring my visit here I have pur
chased a quantity of small machine
tools which are superior to the Eng
lish makes. With such tools the price
is of small moment: the best is want
ed, no matter what the cost, though
prices here compare favorably with
those at home."
oiKcalmriit and Kvnulon.
The depression of the cotton manu
facturing industry in New England
has been seized upon by the free trade
press as a sweet morsel to roll under
the tongue. With one accord they
gleefully point to the fact that protec
tion has not proved potent enough to
prevent the lowering of wages in the
factories of the Fall River district, and
hence "protection is a failure."
The fact of overproduction and tho
competition of southern factories
where wages are lower and the hours
ot labor lunger than in the mills of
New England are factors in the prob
lem which obtain no recognition and
von will search in vain for any ac
kowledgment of the obvious fact that
it is directly due to protection that the
cotton manufacturing industry of the
Tnited States has reached a stage of
development where competition lowers
Such has been the invariable history
of protection it has in no case failed
to stimulate competition and cheapen
the cost of production through the in
troduction of improved mechanical ap
pliances and through the develop
ment of a higher degree of efficiency
in labor.
It is only by concealing the facts
and ignoring the logic of the case that
the present condition of the trade in
manufactured cotton can be used as
an argument .against protection.
Tlm^ljr Action.
It is not to be forgotten that the
present good showing of the govern
ment receipts, activity in private busi
ness, enlarged employment and better
wages, are a year in advance because
of President McKinley's calling of the
fifty-fifth congress into extraordinary
session. The settlement of the tariff
then removed it from consideration
now. Had not the special session been
called the period of waiting would
have been prolonged till the present
time in every business which must
know the Tariff rates before it ventures
beyond present needs of the market.
One of the greatest services the Mc
Kinley administration and Republican
congress were, or will, be.* able to reu«
y was their prompt at­
tention to the revenues and restora
tion of the protective policy.—-Utica
The World Wilt Bay of r«.
Among the exports not diminished
by the operation of the Dingley tariff
may be mentioned American horses,
Reeent auction sales in New York.
Cleveland and Chicago indicate a
much larger foreign demand for horses
of speed, style and finish than ever be
fore known. It is also noticeable that
the home market for fine horses has
improved as a consequence of better
times and more money to spend for
The increased foreign demand fs
only another proof of the fact that,
protection erects no barriers against
trade that are not easily surmounted
by superiority in the quality of the ar
ticles offered for sale.
If we have what the world wants,
and if the price suits, the world will
buy of us, whether it be horses, bi
cycles, locomotives, sewing machines,
watches or foodstuffs, tariff or no
Proof of this la found In the largely
increased volume of trade with foreign
countries since the enactment of the
Dingley law.
Will Adopt Protection.
With less than half a century of
free trade Great Britain is losing her
hold, and her great thinkers are al
ready casting about for some means of
maintaining the status she reached su
preme in th? world of commerce. Five
hundred years of the strongest protec
tion in the history of a world of pro
tected countries placed her in the pre
eminent position, the credit for which
is claimed by free traders for the few
years of free trade. The principle of
protection to her own industries is the
cornerstone of British diplomacy all
over the world today. There is many
an indirect way of protecting her
manufactures and she has made good
use of them all, but every day
strengthens the proof that, a tariff is
the best protective engine, and it is
but a matter of a short time until the
British protective system will be ex
tended into a harmonious tariff wall
about the whole empire—Canadian
Fruit* of Protection.
A Case of Sour Gripes
Trade Follow* the Flag,
"Why," it may be asked, "is our com
merce with Venezuela so much larger
and more profitable than it is with oth
er South American countries, where, as
a rule, we are scantily represented?''
The answer is not far to seek there
is an American steamship line to Ven
ezuela while there is none to Brazil,
to Argentine, to Truguay or to Chili
That "trade follows the flag" has never
been more brilliantly exemplified than
in our relations with Venezuela. In 2D
years our commerce with that country
has increased more than five-fold, and
under reciprocity it is capable, of
course, of even further expansion.—
Boston "Journal."
Will Control the World'* Marketa.
A glance at the list of manufactured
articles which we export is well calcu
lated to create the impression that our
manufacturing resources are being de
veloped at a remarkable rate and that
the statement that we shall have con
trol, virtually, of the markets of the.
world before many years is not an ex
travagant one.—Savannah (GaJ News,
free trade.
KtUvoitd Prosperity.
Earnings of 156,221 miles of railroad
in the United States for 1897 are re
ported by Dun's Review at $91)3,442,
095, being 4.7 per cent larger than
last year, and only 4.7 per cent less*
than in 1892, with some of the best
roads yet to come in. Every month,
since August has shown larger earn
ings than in any previous year.
Protection and KcTenne.
Here is a tariff which not only pro
tects the home market but increases
the revenues.—St. Louis "Globe-Demo
The counterfeiter majr have been
brought up well but he always turn*
out queer.

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